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Dynamic hip screw

Navraj S Nagra, Dmitri van Popta, Sigrid Whiteside, Edward M Holt
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the changes in hemoglobin level and to determine a suitable timeline for post-operative hemoglobin monitoring in patients undergoing fixation of femoral neck fracture. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent either dynamic hip screw (DHS) fixation (n = 74, mean age: 80 years) or hip hemiarthroplasty (n = 104, mean age: 84 years) for femoral neck fracture were included into the study. The hemoglobin level of the patients was monitored perioperatively...
October 15, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Karl Stoffel, Ivan Zderic, Florian Gras, Christoph Sommer, Ursula Eberli, David Mueller, Martin Oswald, Boyko Gueorguiev
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the biomechanical performance of Femoral Neck System (FNS) in comparison to established methods for fixation of femoral neck fractures in a cadaveric model. METHODS: Twenty pairs of fresh-frozen human cadaveric femora were instrumented either with DHS-Screw, DHS-Blade, 3CS or with FNS in a partially paired design. The specimens were randomized to two paired treatment groups based on the BMD, namely DHS-Screw/DHS-Blade and FNS/3CS. A reduced unstable femoral neck fracture with postero-caudal comminution, AO/OTA 31-B2...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Rehan Ul Haq, Jaswant Kumar, I K Dhammi, Anil K Jain
Posterior dislocations of the hip are known to be associated with fractures of the femoral head, neck, shaft, or posterior acetabular wall. However, its association with ipsilateral intertrochanteric fracture has only been anecdotally described in the English literature. We report two such cases managed by open reduction (OR) of the hip and internal fixation (IF) of the intertrochanteric fracture. The first case was a 26-year-old male who was managed by OR of the hip with IF of the intertrochanteric fracture with a dynamic hip screw and had a good functional result at 1-year followup...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Shabnam Samsami, Sadegh Saberi, Nima Bagheri, Gholamreza Rouhi
BACKGROUND: Vertical femoral neck fractures in the youth could be happened in high-energy accidents, and because of dominant shearing forces, this fracture is considered as a troublesome injury with a controversy regarding selection of the best fixation method. OBJECTIVE: The long term goal of this quasi-experimental study was to find the more stable fixation method among cannulated screws (CSs), proximal femoral locking plate (PFLP), and dynamic hip screw with derotational screw (DHS+DS) for this kind of fracture...
September 28, 2016: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
S Kumar, G N Chadha
To evaluate a new technique of Dynamic hip screw (DHS) fixation without using traction table. From july 2006 to july 2012, 328 patients undergoing DHS fixation using manual traction technique were evaluated in terms of Tip apex distance (TAD), -quality of fracture reduction, operation time, preoperative preparation time. In 97% cases good to moderate reduction could be achieved. The mean TAD was 19.2 millimeters, mean operation time 37 minutes and screw cutout rate was only 0.91%. This technique is easy, reproducible, cheap do not sacrifice reduction alignment, screw position and is extremely beneficial in polytrauma patients where multiple surgeries are to be done...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
Cheng-En Hsu, Kui-Chou Huang, Tzu-Chieh Lin, Kwok-Man Tong, Mei-Hsuan Lee, Yung-Cheng Chiu
BACKGROUND: Dynamic hip screw (DHS) is a common device for treating intertrochanteric fracture (ITF). Various risk factors have been reported to be associated with the operative treatment outcome. However, an integrated risk scoring prediction model is lacking. In this study, we aimed to develop a prediction model for treatment outcome of intertrochanteric fracture. METHODS: We analyzed 442 AO/OTA 31-A1 and A2 fractures which were treated with DHS during the period January 2000 to June 2014 in a level I trauma center...
September 6, 2016: Injury
Yinguang Zhang, Qiang Dong, Xiang Sun, Fangke Hu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of external fixation compared with dynamic hip screw (DHS) for the treatment of elderly intertrochanteric hip fractures. METHODS: We searched Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane central database (All to December 19th, 2015) for comparative studies relevant to external fixation versus DHS for the management of intertrochanteric hip fractures. Only randomized controlled trial (RCT) were included. We extracted the trial characteristics, intervention details, primary and secondary outcomes...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Jae Hyuk Yang, Tae Gon Jung, Arjun Rupanagudi Honnurappa, Jae Min Cha, Chang Hwa Ham, Tae Yoon Kim, Seung Woo Suh
Introduction. To compare the biomechanical stability of the femur following the removal of proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA-II) and dynamic hip screw (DHS). Material and Methods. 56 paired cadaveric femurs were used as experimental and control groups. In the experimental group, PFNA-II and DHS were randomly inserted into femurs on both sides and then removed. Thereafter, compression load was applied until fracture occurred; biomechanical stability of the femurs and associated fracture patterns were studied...
2016: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
P Jettoo, P James
PURPOSE: To compare dynamic hip screw (DHS) fixation with multiple screw fixation for intracapsular hip fractures in terms of complications and conversion to hemiarthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: Records of 52 884 patients aged ≥50 years who underwent internal fixation using a dynamic hip screw (n=18 014, 34.1%) or multiple screws (n=34 870, 65.9%) for intracapsular femoral neck fracture from September 2007 to September 2013 were extracted from the hospital admission database that covers all admissions to the National Health Service hospitals in England using the ICD-10 and OPCS-4 codes...
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
T M Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
C Quah, R Mehta, F S Shivji, S Hassan, J Chandrasenan, C G Moran, D P Forward
INTRODUCTION Dynamic hip screw (DHS) fixation for proximal femur fractures is one of the most common procedures in trauma that requires the use of fluoroscopy. Emphasis is often placed on producing the 'perfect picture', which may lead to excessive use of fluoroscopy, without added patient benefit. This study, the largest of its kind, aimed to determine the effect of surgical experience on the amount of radiation exposure from fluoroscopy during DHS fixation. METHODS All hospital admissions for extracapsular proximal femur fractures to our institution between 2007 and 2012 were analysed...
August 23, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
S Fitschen-Oestern, S Lippross, T Klüter, P Behrend, M Weuster, A Seekamp
Femoral neck fractures in young patients are rare but of high clinical relevance due to the complexity of risk factors and complications. Early stabilization and accurate reduction are of high priority. Femoral head-preserving stabilization by dynamic hip screws or threefold screw osteosynthesis are the methods of choice. Postoperative results should be closely controlled in every case in order to be able to treat possible complications in time.
September 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
Weiguang Yu, Xinchao Zhang, Rongbo Wu, Xingfei Zhu, Jun Hu, Yinfeng Xu, Jianhua Yi, Yunjiang Liu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether PFNA-II (Asia proximal femoral nail anti-rotation) and DHS (dynamic hip screw) carry substantial post-operative hidden blood loss and to compare PFNA-II with DHS in terms of post-operative hidden blood loss in elderly high-risk patients with intertrochanteric femur fractures(IFFs). METHODS: The clinical data from Jan 2005 to Apr 2015 of 186 patients with PFNA-II and 177 patients with DHS were analyzed retrospectively...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Haitao Long, Zhangyuan Lin, Bangbao Lu, Ruibo Zhao, Buhua Sun, Liang Cheng, Shushan Zhao, Yong Zhu
PURPOSE: Intertrochanteric hip fractures lead to high morbidity and mortality rates. As a minimally invasive technique, many studies reported the efficacy of PCCP for the treatment of intertrochanteric fractures, but the controversy still existed in some outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of PCCP and DHS by a overview of systematic reviews and well-designed, comprehensive update meta-analysis. METHODS: PUBMED, SCOPUS, CCRCT, WANFANG and CNKI database were searched in all languages published up to April 2016...
September 2016: International Journal of Surgery
A Tucker, O Diamond, S McDonald, A Johnston, M Neil, D Kealey, P Archbold
INTRODUCTION: The Variable angle Martin Plate (MP) is designed to offer patient-specific adaption for the treatment of intertrochanteric hip fractures. Its proposed benefits include optimization of lag screw placement, plate shaft congruence and reduced risk of failure. Often its use has been criticized as representing a poor reduction of the fracture. The purpose of this study was to assess for a poorer quality of reduction, and compare functional outcomes and mortality, using a MP to that of a fixed angle Dynamic Hip Screw (DHS) in a matched cohort of patients...
June 11, 2016: Injury
F Müller, M Galler, M Zellner, C Bäuml, A Marzouk, B Füchtmeier
INTRODUCTION: Information is lacking regarding incidence rates, treatment regimens, and outcomes concerning peri-implant femoral fractures (PIF). Therefore, we performed a retrospective study to provide scientific data concerning incidence and outcome of PIF following osteosynthesis of proximal femoral fractures (PFF). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively included all patients who received osteosynthesis for PFF between 2006 and 2015 and in whom PIF was confirmed postoperatively...
May 7, 2016: Injury
J Parekh, Det Shepherd, Dwl Hukins, N Maffulli
A T-handle has been designed to be used for minimally invasive implantation of a dynamic hip screw to repair fractures of the proximal femur. It is capable of being used in two actions: (i) push and hold (while using an angle guide) and (ii) application of torque when using the insertion wrench and lag screw tap. The T-handle can be held in a power or precision grip. It is suitable for either single (sterilised by γ-irradiation) or multiple (sterilised by autoclaving) use. The principles developed here are applicable to handles for a wide range of surgical instruments...
May 2016: Translational Medicine @ UniSa
Yue-Lei Zhang, Song Chen, Zi-Sheng Ai, You-Shui Gao, Jiong Mei, Chang-Qing Zhang
The present study was to analyze clinical outcome of Pauwels grade-3 femoral neck fractures treated by different surgical techniques. Potential risk factors associated with nonunion and osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) were investigated as well. The retrospective study comprised of 67 sequential patients treated between January 2008 and December 2011. Patients with Pauwels grade-3 femoral neck fractures were treated by operative reduction and internal fixation. Cannulated screws (CS) were used in 46 patients, dynamic hip screw plus CS (DHS+CS) in 14, and locking compression plate (LCP) for proximal femur in 7...
June 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kandhari Vk, Bava Ss, Desai Mm, Wade Rn
INTRODUCTION: Fibrous dysplasia is a rare benign disorder of the skeletal system characterized by fibro osseous proliferation with intervening areas of normal or immature bone in the intramedullary region. It can either be a monostotic (involves one bone) or a polyostotic (involves more than one bone) presentation and usually occurs equally in males and females. Deformities like scoliosis and shepherd's crook deformity are frequently encountered in the polyostotic form. We report a rare managed case of bilateral non-union of the pathological fracture of femur neck with shepherd's crook deformity of the proximal femur in a case of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia...
July 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
G Zarattini, L Breda, M Zacharia, F Sibona
INTRODUCTION: Hip fractures, which are common among old patients, are classified into two groups: intracapsular and extracapsular fractures. Extracapsular fractures can be treated with extramedullary implants [e.g. dynamic hip screw (DHS)] or intramedullary nails. Dynamic hip screw is the treatment of choice in stable pertrochanteric fractures. Intrapelvic migration of the sliding screw is a very rare complication. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 90-year old Caucasian woman who had an unusual intraoperative complication during osteosynthesis procedure for extracapsular hip fracture fixation...
July 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
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