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Longyi Chen, Eugene Hwang, Jin Zhang
Glucose sensing in diabetes diagnosis and therapy is of great importance due to the prevalence of diabetes in the world. Furthermore, glucose sensing is also critical in the food and drug industries. Sensing glucose has been accomplished through various strategies, such as electrochemical or optical methods. Novel transducers made with nanomaterials that integrate fluorescent techniques have allowed for the development of advanced glucose sensors with superior sensitivity and convenience. In this review, glucose sensing by fluorescent nanobiosensor systems is discussed...
May 5, 2018: Sensors
Tian Xie, Joyjit Chattoraj, Patrick J Mulcahey, Noah P Kelleher, Emanuela Del Gado, Jong-In Hahm
Understanding protein adsorption onto polymer surfaces is of great importance in designing biomaterials, improving bioanalytical devices, and controlling biofouling, to name a few examples. Although steady research efforts have been advancing this field, our knowledge of this ubiquitous and complex phenomenon is still limited. In this study, we elucidate competitive protein adsorption behaviors sequentially occurring onto nanoscale block copolymer (BCP) surfaces via combined experimental and computer simulation approaches...
May 2, 2018: Nanoscale
Francesca Cardano, Marco Frasconi, Silvia Giordani
Photo-responsive multifunctional nanomaterials are receiving considerable attention for biological applications because of their unique properties. The functionalization of the surface of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene, among other carbon based nanomaterials, with molecular switches that exhibit reversible transformations between two or more isomers in response to different kind of external stimuli, such as electromagnetic radiation, temperature and pH, has allowed the control of the optical and electrical properties of the nanomaterial...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
P P Waifalkar, A D Chougale, P Kollu, P S Patil, P B Patil
To utilize synergetic effect of graphene's higher conductivity and magnetic nanoparticles biocompatibility, an electrochemical nanobiosensor is constructed based on magnetic nanoparticle decorated graphene (MRGO) using Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) for H2 O2 sensing. Sensors based on magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) and reduced graphene oxide (RGO) are studied for comparison. MNP, RGO and MRGO were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)...
April 22, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Dimitra K Toubanaki, Evdokia Karagouni
Nervous necrosis virus (nodavirus) has been responsible for mass mortalities in aquaculture industry worldwide, with great economic and environmental impact. A rapid low-cost test to identify nodavirus genotype could have important benefits for vaccine and diagnostic applications in small- and medium-scale laboratories in both academia and fish farming industry. A dual lateral flow biosensor for simultaneous detection of the most prevalent nodavirus genotypes (RGNNV and SJNNV) was developed and optimized. The dual biosensor consisted of two antibody-based test zones, indicative of each genotype, and a control zone...
2018: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
Y Rong, A V Padron, K J Hagerty, N Nelson, S Chi, N O Keyhani, J Katz, S P A Datta, C Gomes, E S McLamore
Impedimetric biosensors for measuring small molecules based on weak/transient interactions between bioreceptors and target analytes are a challenge for detection electronics, particularly in field studies or in the analysis of complex matrices. Protein-ligand binding sensors have enormous potential for biosensing, but achieving accuracy in complex solutions is a major challenge. There is a need for simple post hoc analytical tools that are not computationally expensive, yet provide near real time feedback on data derived from impedance spectra...
April 9, 2018: Analyst
Lidia Nazaret Gómez-Arribas, Elena Benito-Peña, María Del Carmen Hurtado-Sánchez, María Cruz Moreno-Bondi
Food allergy is one of the major health threats for sensitized individuals all over the world and, over the years, the food industry has made significant efforts and investments to offer safe foods for allergic consumers. The analysis of the concentration of food allergen residues in processing equipment, in raw materials or in the final product, provides analytical information that can be used for risk assessment as well as to ensure that food-allergic consumers get accurate and useful information to make their food choices and purchasing decisions...
April 4, 2018: Sensors
Sadegh Dehghani, Rahim Nosrati, Meysam Yousefi, Alireza Nezami, Fatemeh Soltani, Seyed Mohammad Taghdisi, Khalil Abnous, Mona Alibolandi, Mohammad Ramezani
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a key regulator of vascular formation and a predominant protein biomarker in cancer angiogenesis. Owing to its crucial roles in the cancer metastasis, VEGF detection and quantification is of great importance in clinical diagnostics. Today, there exist a wide variety of detection strategies for identifying many types of disease biomarkers, especially for VEGF. As artificial single-stranded DNA or RNA oligonucleotides with catalytic and receptor properties, aptamers have drawn lots of attention to be applied in biosensing platforms due to their target-induced conformational changes as well as high stability and target versatility...
March 19, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Abdus Sobhan, Jun-Hyun Oh, Mi-Kyung Park, Seung Wook Kim, Chulhwan Park, Jinyoung Lee
The goals of this research were to develop a rapid single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT)-based biosensor and to employ it to commercial food products for Ara h1 detection. The SWCNT-based biosensor was fabricated with SWCNTs immobilized with antibody (pAb) through hybridization of 1-pyrenebutanoic acid succinimidyl ester (1-PBASE) as a linker. The resistance difference (ΔR) was calculated by measuring linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) using a potentiostat. Resistance values increased as the concentration of Ara h1 increased over the range of 1 to 105  ng/L...
March 23, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Maryam Daneshpour, Behzad Karimi, Kobra Omidfar
miRNAs are among the novel biomarkers that can be evaluated for sensitive and early cancer diagnosis. In the present study, an electrochemical nanobiosensor has been fabricated to detect two gastric cancer (GC) related miRNAs simultaneously. By employing Au nanoparticles- and CdSe@CdS quantum dots-contained magnetic nanocomposites as electrochemical labels along with the polythiophene/reduced graphene oxide-modified carbon electrodes, this dual signal nanobiosensor showed a considerable performance in quantifying miR-106a (a GC oncogenic miRNA) and let-7a (a GC tumor suppressor miRNA)...
March 13, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Mehdi Yoosefian, Nazanin Etminan
We have designed a novel nanobiosensor for in silico detecting proteins based on leucine/Pd-loaded single-walled carbon nanotube matrix. Density functional theory at the B3LYP/6-31G (d) level of theory was realized to analyze the geometrical and electronic structure of the proposed nanobiosensor. The solvent effects were investigated using the Tomasi's polarized continuum model. Atoms-in-molecules theory was used to study the nature of interactions by calculating the electron density ρ(r) and Laplacian at the bond critical points...
March 14, 2018: Amino Acids
Ying Zhang, Zhenhua Shuai, Hao Zhou, Zhimin Luo, Bing Liu, Yinan Zhang, Lei Zhang, Shufen Chen, Jie Chao, Lixing Weng, Quli Fan, Chunhai Fan, Wei Huang, Lianhui Wang
Analysis of biomolecules at the single-molecule level is a great challenge in molecular diagnostics, gene profiling, and environmental monitoring. In this work, we design a smart plasmonic nanobiosensor based on individual Au@Ag core-shell nanocube (Au@Ag NC) modified with tetrahedron-structured DNA (tsDNA) for detecting microRNA 21 (miR-21) at the single-molecule level. An average localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) scattering spectral wavelength shift of approximately 0.4 nm can be obtained for a single miR-21 hybridization event on the nanobiosensor...
March 21, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Kuldeep Mahato, Pawan Kumar Maurya, Pranjal Chandra
Among various problems faced by mankind, health-related concerns are prevailing since long which are commonly found in the form of infectious diseases and different metabolic disorders. The clinical cure and management of such abnormalities are greatly dependent on the availability of their diagnoses. The conventional diagnostics used for such purposes are extremely powerful; however, most of these are limited by time-consuming protocols and require higher volume of test sample, etc. A new evolving technology called "biosensor" in this context shows an enormous potential for an alternative diagnostic device, which constantly compliments the conventional diagnoses...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Behrooz Shojaee Sadi, Mansour Bayat, Parviz Tajik, Seyed Jamal Hashemi
The specific immune-reaction between the anti-citrinin antibody immobilized on the surface of magnetic/silica core-shell (MSCS) and the citrinin-Rho123-BSA conjugate brings the Rho123 fluorophore as an acceptor and the QDs as a donor in close spatial proximity and causes FRET for occurring upon photo-excitation of the QDs. The novelties of this study include: (1) immobilization of the MSCS; (2) large amount of the immobilized QDs, and (3) immobilization of a large amount of Rho123 on the BSA macromolecule. Cd/Te QDs were synthesized by the simultaneous reduction of cadmium chloride and tellurium in the presence of sodium borohydride...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Janine Martinazzo, Daniela K Muenchen, Alexandra N Brezolin, Alana M Cezaro, Aline A Rigo, Alexandra Manzoli, Lucélia Hoehne, Fábio L Leite, Juliana Steffens, Clarice Steffens
The aim of this study was to develop a cantilever nanobiosensor for atrazine detection in liquid medium by immobilising the biological recognition element (tyrosinase vegetal extract) on its surface with self-assembled monolayers using gold, 16-mercaptohexadecanoic acid, 1-ethyl-3-[3-dimethylaminopropyl] carbodiimide hydrochloride/n-hydroxysuccinimide. Cantilever nanobiosensors presented a surface compression tension increase when atrazine concentrations were increased, with a limit of detection and limit of quantification of 7...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
Maria Sofia Falzarano, Cristina Flesia, Roberta Cavalli, Caterina Guiot, Alessandra Ferlini
Background Genetic alterations cause hereditary diseases (HDs) with a wide range of incidences. Some, like cystic fibrosi, occur frequently (1/1,000 newborns), whilst others, such as Pompe disease and other metabolic disorders are very rare (1/100,000 newborns). They are well under the threshold of 1/3,000, denoted by the European Community as rare diseases (RDs). Genetic alterations are also associated with multifactorial disorders like diabetes, and underline both somatic and germline mutations in cancer...
January 10, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Mohammad Rizwan, Noor Faizah Mohd-Naim, Minhaz Uddin Ahmed
The rapid and increasing use of the nanomaterials (NMs), nanostructured materials (NSMs), metal nanoclusters (MNCs) or nanocomposites (NCs) in the development of electrochemiluminescence (ECL) nanobiosensors is a significant area of study for its massive potential in the practical application of nanobiosensor fabrication. Recently, NMs or NSMs (such as AuNPs, AgNPs, Fe₃O₄, CdS QDs, OMCs, graphene, CNTs and fullerenes) or MNCs (such as Au, Ag, and Pt) or NCs of both metallic and non-metallic origin are being employed for various purposes in the construction of biosensors...
January 9, 2018: Sensors
Amir Syahir, Kotaro Kajikawa, Hisakazu Mihara
Direct bio-monitoring essentially involves optical means since the photon has insignificant effects over biomolecules. Over the years, the laser induced surface plasmon resonance method with various modifications as well as versatile localized plasmon excited by incoherent light have facilitated in recording many nanobiological activities. Yet monitoring interactions of small molecules including drugs requires signal amplification and improvement on signal-to-noise ratio. This paper focused on how the refractive index based nanobio-sensoring gold platform can produce more efficient, adaptable and more practical detection techniques to observe molecular interactions at a high degree of sensitivity...
December 13, 2017: Protein and Peptide Letters
Zahra Aghili, Navid Nasirizadeh, Adeleh Divsalar, Shahram Shoeibi, Parichehreh Yaghmaei
Early detection of Parkinson's disease (PD), as a dangerous neurodegenerative disease, is a key factor in the therapy or prevention of further development of this disease. We developed an electrochemical nanobiosensor for early detection of PD based on the quantification of circulating biomarker, miR-195. Exfoliated graphene oxide (EGO) and gold nanowires (GNWs) were used to modify the surface of screen-printed carbon electrode. A single-strand thiolated probe was designed for specific hybridization with target miRNA (miR-195), and doxorubicin was used as an electrochemical indicator for differential pulse voltammetry measurements...
December 7, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Alireza Abi, Zahra Mohammadpour, Xiaolei Zuo, Afsaneh Safavi
The detection of biomarkers using sensitive and selective analytical devices is critically important for the early stage diagnosis and treatment of diseases. The synergy between the high specificity of nucleic acid recognition units and the great sensitivity of electrochemical signal transductions has already shown promise for the development of efficient biosensing platforms. Yet nucleic-acid based electrochemical biosensors often rely on target amplification strategies (e.g., polymerase chain reactions) to detect analytes at clinically relevant concentration ranges...
April 15, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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