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Natalie A Grima, Jennie L Ponsford, Melissa A St Hilaire, Darren Mansfield, Shantha M Rajaratnam
BACKGROUND: Sleep-wake disturbances are highly prevalent following traumatic brain injury (TBI), impeding rehabilitaion and quality of life. However, the mechanisms underlying these sleep disturnbances are unclear, and efficacious treatments are lacking. To investigate possible mechanisms underlying sleep disturbance in TBI, we examined characteristics of the circadian rhythm of melatonin, a hormone involved in sleep-wake regulation. We compared TBI patients reporting sleep disturbance with age- and gender-matched healthy volunteers...
May 23, 2016: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
Sau Wai Tung, Cuntai Guan, Kai Keng Ang, Kok Soon Phua, Chuanchu Wang, Ling Zhao, Wei Peng Teo, Effie Chew
Brain-computer interface (BCI) technology has the potential as a post-stroke rehabilitation tool, and the efficacy of the technology is most often demonstrated through output peripherals such as robots, orthosis and computers. In this study, the EEG signals recorded during the course of upper limb stroke rehabilitaion using motor imagery BCI were analyzed to better understand the effect of BCI therapy for post-stroke rehabilitation. The stroke patients recruited underwent 10 sessions of 1-hour BCI with robotic feedback for 2 weeks, 5 times a week...
2013: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Toshiro Konishi, Yasushi Harihara, Kaoru Furushima
With regard to surgical treatment of cancer, there is a strong demand for safe treatment with few errors: treatment must be based on transparency, understandability, and rationality. There is also demand for treatment which is quick, efficient and not wasteful. Rather than maintaining our current pyramidal system which has doctors standing as authorities at the top, there is a need for a flat, non-authoritarian system at every level and section of the hospital. As we change methodology, electronic medical records and clinical pathways will be important tools...
April 2013: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Karen A Van Leuven
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the use of advanced directives (ADs) in patients actively using health services in the USA. BACKGROUND: Since 1991, USA law (PSDA 1991) has required hospitals, skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) and home health services to inquire, at admission, if patients have in place ADs, to provide patients with a written summary of their rights in regard to health-related decision-making and to provide education to staff and the community about ADs...
November 2012: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Yanjie Qiao, Xiaoming Qiu, Qinghua Zhou
Pulmonary rehabilitation is an evidence-based, multidisciplinary and comprehensive non-medication intervention for patients with chronic respiratory diseases who are symptomatic and often have decreased daily life activities. Applications of pulmonary rehabilitaion in the management of patients with lung cancer are only recently emerging. Preliminary studies showed its effects in improving exercise tolerance, health-related quality of life and surgical candidacy and decreasing surgical morbidity. It shows promise as a therapeutic intervention in the management of lung cancer...
September 2011: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
I Gheffari, A Bourdin, P Chanez, P Godard
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), because of its severity and prevalence, is an important target for the evaluation of professional practices. We present the results of an evaluation at Montpellier University Hospital in 2006 (number of admissions 4800/yr). RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-one observations were retrieved, 8% of the total where COPD was recorded as the principal diagnosis (Median age: 66 years; male: 67%). Eighty-eight per cent of the patients had undergone thoracic radiography and 50...
May 2010: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
Wen Li, Yang Liu, Lei Lan, Ming-Nan Liu
Orf 9b was amplified by PCR from SARS-CoV genome and cloned into the Nco I and Bam HI sites of the pET32c expression vector, and then recombinant plasmid pET32c-Orf 9b was constructed. The recombinant fusion protein Orf 9b was expressed by IPTG induction and purifed. After being cleaved by rEK, Orf 9b protein with MW 11 kD was separated and collected. It was demonstrated by ELISA that the purified Orf 9b protein could react with sera of SARS rehabilitaion patients but not with sera from healthy donors. CD and Infrared spectroscopy were used to predict the secondary structure of the purified Orf 9b protein...
July 2009: Bing du Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Virology
Annet J Dallmeijer, Heleen Beckerman, Vincent de Groot, Ingrid G L van de Port, Gustaaf J Lankhorst, Joost Dekker
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of comorbidity on the course of physical functioning in patients after stroke and with multiple sclerosis. SUBJECTS: Patients after a first-ever supratentorial stroke (n = 198), who had been admitted for inpatient rehabilitaion, and patients with recently diagnosed multiple sclerosis (n =146). DESIGN: Prospective, observational study over a period of 3 years. MEASUREMENTS: Physical functioning was measured with the motor score of the Functional Independence Measure at baseline (time of diagnosis), and at 6 months, and 1 and 3 year follow-ups...
April 2009: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Frankie A Ballard
Psychiatric patients need educational interventions that help them recover and increase their ability to live and work independently following discharge from the hospital. The psychosocial rehabilitation treatment mall model is designed to meet this educational need. Treatment malls are a new approach to psychosocial rehabilitaion for patients in state psychiatric hospitals. Treatment malls provide psychoeducation and skill-building activities in a centralized, school-like setting for participants from all patient care units...
February 2008: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
V A Momot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2006: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Manjuladevi Kuttuva, Rares Boian, Alma Merians, Grigore Burdea, Mourad Bouzit, Jeffrey Lewis, Devin Fensterheim
Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. Its prevalence calls for innovative rehabilitation methods. The Rutgers Arm is a novel upper extremity rehabilitation system consisting of a low-friction table, three-dimensional (3D) tracker, custom forearm support, PC workstation, library of Java 3D virtual reality (VR) exercises, clinical database module, and a tele-rehabilitation extension. The system was tested on a chronic stroke subject, under local and tele-rehabilitation conditions, over 5 weeks of training...
April 2006: Cyberpsychology & Behavior
Matti Nykänen, Katri Koivisto
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of group rehabilitation and individually dosed rehabilitation in treating chronic low back pain. DESIGN: Institutional rehabilitation intervention in 2 nonrandomized groups with a 6-month post-intervention follow-up. SUBJECTS: Persons with chronic low back pain: 64 group-rehabilitated and 66 individually rehabilitated. METHODS: The rehabilitation period for all subjects was 21 days...
November 2004: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
M G Krukemeyer
The German health care system has been based on the Hospital Financing Act, which the German government introduced in 1972. According to that, the federal states plan hospitals and make investments. The health insurance funds finance the operating costs. But now the Hospital Financing Act is obsolete, because both the health insurance funds and the federal states are in financial trouble and try to avoid the costs, which are nevertheless rising. In order to freeze costs, the legislators have introduced a new remuneration system, called DRGs (Diagnosis Related Groups), which will be mandatory from 2007 onwards...
September 2004: Central European Journal of Public Health
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 1962: Belgisch Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 1959: Hospitals
J Muzembo Ndundu, H Nkakudulu Bikuku, A Frans
A number of studies in western countries have shown that respiratory and physical rehabilitation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) only has a minimal effect on respiratory function but can significantly improve physical capacity. The aim of our study was to apply these methods to patients in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. We treated 38 patients (20 women) who had bronchial asthma (n=14) or COPD (n=24). These ambulatory patients were treated in two different hospitals in Kinshasa, the university hospital and the general hospital, three times per week for twelve weeks...
June 2001: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
D R Haskins
Children with significant baby bottle tooth decay and children who are challenged by significant physical and emotional limitations are candidates for dental rehabilitaion procedures with general anesthesia. Rehabilitation of children's primary teeth is important to prevent pain, infection, and tooth loss. To provide skilled care for children undergoing dental rehabilitation procedures, perioperative nurses must understand normal dentition, tooth anatomy, and caries prevention and formation and be able to meet children's developmental and emotional needs...
October 1996: AORN Journal
D Jeschke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 1968: Die Medizinische Welt
L Pameijer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1966: Revue Belge de Médecine Dentaire. Belgisch Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
A J Roon, W S Moore, J Goldstone
Immediate and long-term results of 113 below-knee amputations in 103 patients are presented to justify a comprehensive program of management that includes an objective method for determining amputation level with xenon 133 clearance, precise surgical technic, immediate postoperative prosthesis, and an aggressive program of rehabilitaion. Prediction of healing of the last 30 below-knee amputations was 100% successful, showing the value of 133Xe clearance for determination of amputation level. Zero per cent thirty-day mortality and 100% prosthetic rehabilitation of patients on below-knee prostheses justifies the use of immediate postoperative prosthesis...
July 1977: American Journal of Surgery
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