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botulin toxin migraine

Dimos D Mitsikostas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article addresses nocebo in headache. Nocebo is the antipode of placebo and refers to adverse events a person manifests after receiving placebo. RECENT FINDINGS: In randomized trials for migraine prevention meta-analyses revealed that eight out of 20 patients treated with placebo experienced any adverse event. More importantly, one out of 20 patients treated with placebo withdrew treatment because of adverse events. The adverse events in placebo groups mirrored the adverse events expected of the active medication studied, confirming that pretrial suggestions induce the adverse events in placebo-treated patients...
June 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
A Kohler, F Ochsner
Botulinum toxin is more and more frequently used as a therapeutic agent. The toxin blocks selectively and reversibly the neuromuscular junction, causing a muscle relaxation. Indications are mainly muscular hypercontraction, such as dystonia, blepharospasm, focal spasticity, strabismus or tics. The range of action extend to focal hyperhydrosis, palmar, axillary or plantar. It seems now that some painful syndrome such as migraine or tension headache may benefit from toxin injections. Esthetic indications constitute an extension to the pure medical indications...
June 2001: Revue M├ędicale de la Suisse Romande
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