Read by QxMD icon Read


Ziyou Wang, Hua Zhang, Jiahui Zhou, Xiangning Zhang, Liyong Chen, Kangxing Chen, Zunnan Huang
Hepatocellular carcinoma is a lethal cancer with high recurrence ratio and lacks effective therapeutics. In the past few years, it has been reported that increased intake of vegetables and fruits could reduce the cancer incidence, which suggests dietary agents might possess anticancer effects. Eriocitrin is a flavonoid isolated from lemon, which is known as a strong antioxidant agent. We here for the first time demonstrated that eriocitrin could inhibit the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines by arresting cell cycle in S phase through up-regulation of p53, cyclin A, cyclin D3 and CDK6...
October 20, 2016: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Fuyumi Kato, Francesco Paolo Fiorentino, Andreu Alibés, Manuel Perucho, Montse Sánchez-Céspedes, Takashi Kohno, Jun Yokota
We aimed to elucidate the effect of JQ1, a BET inhibitor, on small cell lung cancers (SCLCs) with MYCL amplification and/or expression. Fourteen SCLC cell lines, including four with MYCL amplification, were examined for the effects of JQ1 on protein and gene expression by Western blot and mRNA microarray analyses. The sensitivity of SCLC cells to JQ1 was assessed by cell growth and apoptosis assays. MYCL was expressed in all the 14 cell lines, whereas MYC/MYCN expression was restricted mostly to cell lines with gene amplification...
October 14, 2016: Oncotarget
Qiao-Li Lv, Yuan-Tao Huang, Gui-Hua Wang, Yan-Ling Liu, Jin Huang, Qiang Qu, Bao Sun, Lei Hu, Lin Cheng, Shu-Hui Chen, Hong-Hao Zhou
Emerging studies show that dysregulation of the receptor of activated protein kinase C1 (RACK1) plays a crucial role in tumorigenesis and progression of various cancers. However, the biological function and underlying mechanism of RACK1 in glioma remains poorly defined. Here, we found that RACK1 was significantly up-regulated in glioma tissues compared with normal brain tissues, being closely related to clinical stage of glioma both in mRNA and protein levels. Moreover, Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that patients with high RACK1 expression had a poor prognosis (p = 0...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
C Yang, Z Li, T Bhatt, M Dickler, D Giri, M Scaltriti, J Baselga, N Rosen, S Chandarlapaty
Dysregulated activation of the CDK4/6 kinases is a hallmark of most mammary-derived carcinomas. ATP-competitive inhibitors against this complex have been recently advanced in the clinic and have shown significant activity, particularly against tumors driven by the estrogen receptor (ER). However, resistance to these compounds has begun to emerge often months to years after their initiation. We investigated potential mechanisms of resistance using cell line models that are highly sensitive to this class of drugs...
October 17, 2016: Oncogene
Kan Xing Wu, Patchara Phuektes, Pankaj Kumar, Germaine Yen Lin Goh, Dimitri Moreau, Vincent Tak Kwong Chow, Frederic Bard, Justin Jang Hann Chu
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is a neurotropic enterovirus without antivirals or vaccine, and its host-pathogen interactions remain poorly understood. Here we use a human genome-wide RNAi screen to identify 256 host factors involved in EV71 replication in human rhabdomyosarcoma cells. Enrichment analyses reveal overrepresentation in processes like mitotic cell cycle and transcriptional regulation. We have carried out orthogonal experiments to characterize the roles of selected factors involved in cell cycle regulation and endoplasmatic reticulum-associated degradation...
October 17, 2016: Nature Communications
Xiaojuan Liu, Mingyue Song, Zili Gao, Xiaokun Cai, William Dixon, Xiaofeng Chen, Yong Cao, Hang Xiao
Astaxanthin (AST) is a xanthophyll carotenoid with potential protective effects against carcinogenesis. Different stereoisomers of AST (ASTs) exist in a variety of food sources. Due to limited information on the bioactivities of ASTs, the present study investigated the inhibitory effects of ASTs on HCT116 and HT29 human colon cancer cells. ASTs investigated herein included 3S,3'S (S) from Haematococcus pluvialis, 3R,3'R (R) from Phaffia rhodozyma, and a statistical mixture (S: meso: R = 1:2:1) (M) from synthetic AST...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Bin Pan, Weifeng Zhong, Zhihai Deng, Caiyong Lai, Jing Chu, Genlong Jiao, Junfeng Liu, Qizhao Zhou
Solanine, a naturally steroidal glycoalkaloid in nightshade (Solanum nigrum Linn.), can inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis of tumor cells. However, the mechanism of solanine-suppressing prostate cancer cell growth remains to be elucidated. This study investigates the inhibition mechanism of solanine on cancer development in vivo and in cultured human prostate cancer cell DU145 in vitro. Results show that solanine injection significantly suppresses the tumor cell growth in xenograft athymic nude mice...
October 10, 2016: Cancer Medicine
Guozi Yang, Dehai Yu, Wei Li, Yuguang Zhao, Xue Wen, Xinyue Liang, Xiaoying Zhang, Lei Zhou, Jifan Hu, Chao Niu, Huimin Tian, Fujun Han, Xiao Chen, Lihua Dong, Lu Cai, Jiuwei Cui
Low-dose radiation (LDR) induces hormesis and adaptive response in normal cells but not in cancer cells, suggesting its potential protection of normal tissue against damage induced by conventional radiotherapy. However, the underlying mechanisms are not well established. We addressed this in the present study by examining the role of the ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) signaling pathway in response to LDR using A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells and HBE135-E6E7 (HBE) normal lung epithelial cells. We found that LDR-activated ATM was the initiating event in hormesis and adaptive response to LDR in HBE cells...
September 30, 2016: Oncotarget
Diana I Sánchez, Bárbara González-Fernández, Beatriz San-Miguel, Juan Ortiz de Urbina, Irene Crespo, Javier González-Gallego, María J Tuñón
The sphingosine kinase (SphK)/sphingosine1-phosphate (S1P) pathway is involved in multiple biological processes, including carcinogenesis. Melatonin shows beneficial effects in cell and animal models of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but it is unknown if they are associated with the modulation of the SphK/S1P system, along with different downstream signaling pathways modified in cancer. We investigated effects of melatonin in mice which received diethylnitrosamine (DEN) (35 mg/kg body weight i.p) once a week for 8 weeks...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Pineal Research
Shuo Qie, J Alan Diehl
Mammalian cells encode three D cyclins (D1, D2, and D3) that coordinately function as allosteric regulators of cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) and CDK6 to regulate cell cycle transition from G1 to S phase. Cyclin expression, accumulation, and degradation, as well as assembly and activation of CDK4/CDK6 are governed by growth factor stimulation. Cyclin D1 is more frequently dysregulated than cyclin D2 or D3 in human cancers, and as such, it has been more extensively characterized. Overexpression of cyclin D1 results in dysregulated CDK activity, rapid cell growth under conditions of restricted mitogenic signaling, bypass of key cellular checkpoints, and ultimately, neoplastic growth...
October 2, 2016: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
Chen Ling, Shu Liu, Yong Wang, Feng-Chun Zhang, Ying DU
OBJECTIVE: To explore the expression of CDK6 in early ovarian cancer and explore its clinical significance. METHODS: Real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry was used to examine the differential expression of CDK6 mRNA and protein in ovarian cancer and normal ovarian tissues. The correlation of CDK6 expression with the clinical characteristics and prognosis of the patients was analyzed. RESULTS: The expression of CDK6 mRNA was obviously up-regulated in 36 ovarian cancer tissues as compared to that in 16 ovarian tissues...
August 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
D Raleigh, A L Krup, P K Choksi, J F Reiter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Maren Feist, Judith Kemper, Franziska Taruttis, Thorsten Rehberg, Julia C Engelmann, Wolfram Gronwald, Michael Hummel, Rainer Spang, Dieter Kube
A network of autocrine and paracrine signals defines B cell homeostasis and is thought to be involved in transformation processes. Investigating interactions of these microenvironmental factors and their relation to proto-oncogenes as c-Myc (MYC) is fundamental to understand the biology of B cell lymphoma. Therefore, B cells with conditional MYC expression were stimulated with CD40L, insulin-like growth factor 1, α-IgM, Interleukin-10 (IL10) and CpG alone or in combination. The impact of forty different interventions on cell proliferation was investigated in MYC deprived cells and calculated by linear regression...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Yujing Tian, Mengwen Qi, Zhiwen Hong, Yingchun Li, Yibiao Yuan, Yimei Du, Lei Chen, Ling Chen
Neurogenesis plays an important role in adult hippocampal function, and this process can be modulated by intracellular calcium. The activation of transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) induces an increase in intracellular calcium concentration, but whether neurogenesis can be modulated by TRPV4 activation remains unclear. Here, we report that intracerebroventricular injection of the TRPV4 agonist GSK1016790A for 5 days enhanced the proliferation of stem cells in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) of adult mice without affecting neurite growth, differentiation, or survival of newborn cells...
September 22, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Maria Abbondanza Pantaleo, Gloria Ravegnini, Annalisa Astolfi, Vittorio Simeon, Margherita Nannini, Maristella Saponara, Milena Urbini, Lidia Gatto, Valentina Indio, Giulia Sammarini, Donatella Santini, Manuela Ferracin, Massimo Negrini, Patrizia Hrelia, Guido Biasco, Sabrina Angelini
AIM: Currently, little is known about differences in miRNA expression between KIT/PDGFRA mutant and KIT/PDGFRA wild-type (WT)-SDH deficient gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). This prompted us to perform an integrated multiple expression profile of miRNA and mRNA, constructing an original miRNA-mRNA regulatory network in KIT/PDGFRA WT-SDH deficient GIST patients. PATIENTS & METHODS: Analyses were carried out on KIT/PDGFRA mutant versus KIT/PDGFRA WT-SDH deficient GIST...
October 2016: Epigenomics
Kristie I Aamodt, Radhika Aramandla, Judy Brown, Nathalie Fiaschi-Taesch, Peng Wang, Andrew F Stewart, Marcela Brissova, Alvin C Powers
Numerous compounds stimulate rodent β cell proliferation; however, translating these findings to human β cells remains a challenge. To examine human β cell proliferation in response to such compounds, we developed a medium-throughput in vitro method of quantifying adult human β cell proliferation markers. This method is based on high-content imaging of dispersed islet cells seeded in 384-well plates and automated cell counting that identifies fluorescently-labeled β cells with high specificity using both nuclear and cytoplasmic markers...
September 13, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Hongbin Liu, Phillip Pattie, Sahan Chandrasekara, Andrew Spencer, Anthony E Dear
Epigenetic regulation of microRNA (miRNA) expression has recently been implicated in the pathogenesis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Particular interest has focused on miRNA-124 expression, which is inhibited in MDS and has recently been demonstrated to be upregulated in response to epigenetic treatment (EGT). Previous studies have determined the in vitro and in vivo expression of miRNA-124 and several molecular targets, including cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4, CDK6 and enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), in order to elucidate the molecular mechanisms associated with the miRNA-124-mediated therapeutic response to EGT in MDS and identify additional potential biomarkers of early EGT treatment response in myeloid malignancies...
September 2016: Oncology Letters
Helen L Wright, Fatima A Makki, Robert J Moots, Steven W Edwards
Our aim was to determine whether rheumatoid arthritis (RA) low-density granulocytes (LDGs) are functionally different from RA neutrophils. LDGs from 32 RA patients were characterized using flow cytometry and quantitative PCR (qPCR). RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) was carried out on paired RA LDGs and neutrophils (n = 4) and validated using qPCR. Functional assays included chemotaxis, phagocytosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, cell-cycle analysis, apoptosis, neutrophil extracellular trap (NET)osis, and measurement of cytokine production (n ≥ 5 paired RA LDGs/neutrophils)...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Shiqin Liu, Ho Lam Chan, Feng Bai, Jinshan Ma, Alexandria Scott, David J Robbins, Anthony J Capobianco, Ping Zhu, Xin-Hai Pei
GATA3, a lineage specifier, controls lymphoid cell differentiation and its function in T cell commitment and development has been extensively studied. GATA3 promotes T cell specification by repressing B cell potential in pro T cells and decreased GATA3 expression is essential for early B cell commitment. Inherited genetic variation in GATA3 has been associated with lymphoma susceptibility. However, it remains elusive how the loss of function of GATA3 promotes B cell development and induces B cell lymphomas...
August 31, 2016: Oncotarget
Seung-Shick Shin, Sung-Soo Park, Byungdoo Hwang, Bokyung Moon, Won Tae Kim, Wun-Jae Kim, Sung-Kwon Moon
Cancers often utilize microRNAs to suppress tumor suppressor genes, thus facilitating their potential for growth and invasion. In the present study, we report the novel findings that miR-892b inhibits proliferation, migration and invasion of bladder cancer cells. The basal expression level of miR‑892b was significantly lower in 3 different bladder cancer cell lines than in normal human urothelial cells. Transfection of miR-892b mimics to bladder cancer cells resulted in dose‑dependent growth arrest. Flow cytometric analysis of the cell cycle showed that miR-892b-transfected bladder cancer cells were subject to arrest in the G1 phase, which was due to the downregulation of cyclin D1 and CDK6 followed by upregulation of p19ARF...
October 2016: Oncology Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"