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Sedar Karakurt
Expression of a drug and xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes, cytochrome P450s (CYPs), and antioxidant enzymes can be modulated by various factors. The flavonoid rutin was investigated for its anti-carcinogen and protective effects as well as modulatory action on CYPs and phase II enzymes in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Rutin inhibited proliferation of HEPG2 cells in a dose-dependent manner with the IC50 value of 52.7 μmol L-1 and invasion of HEPG2 cells (21.6 %, p = 0.0018) and colony formation of those invaded cells (57...
December 1, 2016: Acta Pharmaceutica
Yüksel Olgun, Safiye Aktaş, Zekiye Altun, Günay Kırkım, Deniz Çakır Kızmazoğlu, Ayşe Pınar Erçetin, Banu Demir, Dilek İnce, Kamer Mutafoğlu, Bengü Demirağ, Hülya Ellidokuz, Nur Olgun, Enis Alpin Güneri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse the genetic and non genetic risk factors for cisplatin ototoxicity. METHODS: This study was conducted on 72 children who received cisplatin based chemotherapy. Brock and Muenster classifications were used to evaluate ototoxicity seen in these children. 6 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP); ERCC1 rs 11615, GSTP1 rs1138272, GSTP1 rs1695, LRP2 rs 2075252, TPMT rs 12201199, COMT rs 9332377, were evaluated as genetic factors by real time PCR...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Zibo Li, Jianfu Heng, Jinhua Yan, Xinwu Guo, Lili Tang, Ming Chen, Limin Peng, Yepeng Wu, Shouman Wang, Zhi Xiao, Zhongping Deng, Lizhong Dai, Jun Wang
PURPOSE: Gene-specific methylation and expression have shown biological and clinical importance for breast cancer diagnosis and prognosis. Integrated analysis of gene methylation and gene expression may identify genes associated with biology mechanism and clinical outcome of breast cancer and aid in clinical management. METHODS: Using high-throughput microfluidic quantitative PCR, we analyzed the expression profiles of 48 candidate genes in 96 Chinese breast cancer patients and investigated their correlation with gene methylation and associations with breast cancer clinical parameters...
November 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
W Jia, J Y Sun, K Y Jia, X C Liu
We evaluated the association between GSTM1, GSTT1, and GSTP1 IIe105Val gene polymorphisms and treatment outcomes of advanced non-small cell lung carcinoma. Between January 2010 and December 2012, a total of 244 patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma were recruited from Yiwu Central Hospital. The GSTM1, GSTT1, and GSTP1 IIe105Val gene polymorphisms were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and the results were statistically analyzed. Conditional regression analysis, showed that individuals carrying the null GSTM1 were associated with an increased risk of response to chemotherapy when compared to the present GSTM1 (odds ratio = 1...
September 23, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Moitreyi Das, Sumantra Das
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an important w-3 fatty acid exhibits differential behavior in cancer cells of neural origin when compared to that in normal healthy astrocytes. Treatment of C6 glioma and SH-SY5Y cell lines and primary astrocytes, representing the neoplastic cells and normal healthy cells respectively, with 100 µM DHA for 24 h showed significant loss of cell viability in the both the cancer cells as determined by MTT assay, whereas the primary astrocytes cultures were unaffected. Such loss of cell viability was due to apoptosis as confirmed by TUNEL staining and caspase-3 activation in cancer cells...
October 4, 2016: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
Georgina A Rivera-Ingraham, Aude Nommick, Eva Blondeau-Bidet, Peter Ladurner, Jehan-Hervé Lignot
In the context of global change, there is an urgent need for researchers in conservation physiology to understand the physiological mechanisms leading to the acquisition of stress acclimation phenotypes. Intertidal organisms continuously cope with drastic changes in their environmental conditions, making them outstanding models for the study of physiological acclimation. As the implementation of such processes usually comes at a high bioenergetic cost, a mitochondrial/oxidative stress approach emerges as the most relevant approach when seeking to analyze whole-animal responses...
September 22, 2016: Redox Biology
Blaz Krhin, Katja Goricar, Barbara Gazic, Vita Dolzan, Nikola Besic
BACKGROUND: Hurthle cells of the thyroid gland are very rich in mitochondria and oxidative enzymes. As a high level oxidative metabolism may lead to higher level of oxidative stress and can be associated with an increased risk for cancer, we investigated whether common functional polymorphisms in antioxidant genes (SOD2, CAT, GPX, GSTP1, GSTM1 and GSTT1) are associated with the development or clinical course of Hurthle cell thyroid carcinoma (HCTC). METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in 139 patients treated by thyroid surgery for a Hurthle cell neoplasm...
September 1, 2016: Radiology and Oncology
Simone Jueliger, John Lyons, Sara Cannito, Illar Pata, Pille Pata, Marianna Shkolnaya, Oriana Lo Re, Marion Peyrou, Francesc Villarroya, Valerio Pazienza, Francesca Rappa, Francesco Cappello, Mohammad Azab, Pietro Taverna, Manlio Vinciguerra
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a deadly malignancy characterized at the epigenetic level by global DNA hypomethylation and focal hypermethylation on the promoter of tumor suppressor genes. In most cases it develops on a background of liver steatohepatitis, fibrosis, and cirrhosis. Guadecitabine (SGI-110) is a second-generation hypomethylating agent, which inhibits DNA methyltransferases. Guadecitabine is formulated as a dinucleotide of decitabine and deoxyguanosine that is resistant to cytidine deaminase (CDA) degradation and results in prolonged in vivo exposure to decitabine following small volume subcutaneous administration of guadecitabine...
August 11, 2016: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
Ozlem Gorukmez, Tahsin Yakut, Orhan Gorukmez, Sebnem Ozemri Sag, Ali Topak, Serdar Sahinturk, Ozkan Kanat
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is reported to be the third most common cancer worldwide and the fourth most common cause of cancer related deaths. CRC is considered to be a multifactorial disease whose risk varies due to the complex interaction between individual genetic basis and exposure to multiple endogenous factors. Glutathione S-transferases are pro-carcinogenic in CRC and are required for the conjugation between chemotherapeutics and broad spectrum xenobiotics. One hundred and eleven patients with CRC and 128 control subjects without any cancer history were enrolled in this study...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Adel Shahnam, Zainab Ridha, Michael D Wiese, Ganessan Kichenadasse, Michael J Sorich
AIMS: Oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy for colorectal cancer demonstrates interindividual variability in response, and polymorphisms of ERCC1, ERCC2, XRCC1, GSTP1 and GSTM1 genes may be contributing factors. Additionally, the effect of these genotypes may differ between ethnic groups. Material & Methods: A meta-analysis of the association between these genotypes and response, progression-free survival and overall survival (OS) for patients with colorectal cancer treated with oxaliplatin-based therapy is reported...
October 2016: Pharmacogenomics
Yajie Yu, Xiao Li, Chao Liang, Jingyuan Tang, Zhiqiang Qin, Chengming Wang, Weizhang Xu, Yibo Hua, Pengfei Shao, Ting Xu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have investigated the relationship between GSTA1, GSTM1, GSTP1, and GSTT1 polymorphisms and bladder cancer (BCa) susceptibility, respectively, but the results remain inconsistent. So, we conducted this meta-analysis including 79 case-control studies to explore such relationships. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, Web of Science, and CNKI for relevant available studies. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were implemented to evaluate the intensity of associations...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Filippo Martignano, Giorgia Gurioli, Samanta Salvi, Daniele Calistri, Matteo Costantini, Roberta Gunelli, Ugo De Giorgi, Flavia Foca, Valentina Casadio
GSTP1 belongs to the GSTs family, a group of enzymes involved in detoxification of exogenous substances and it also plays an important role in cell cycle regulation. Its dysregulation correlates with a large variety of tumors, in particular with prostate cancer. We investigated GSTP1 methylation status with methylation specific PCR (MS-PCR) in prostate cancer (PCa) and in benign tissue of 56 prostatectomies. We also performed immunohistochemistry (IHC) so as to correlate gene methylation with gene silencing...
2016: Disease Markers
C Stirzaker, J Z Song, W Ng, Q Du, N J Armstrong, W J Locke, A L Statham, H French, R Pidsley, F Valdes-Mora, E Zotenko, S J Clark
Cancer is characterised by DNA hypermethylation and gene silencing of CpG island-associated promoters, including tumour-suppressor genes. The methyl-CpG-binding domain (MBD) family of proteins bind to methylated DNA and can aid in the mediation of gene silencing through interaction with histone deacetylases and histone methyltransferases. However, the mechanisms responsible for eliciting CpG island hypermethylation in cancer, and the potential role that MBD proteins play in modulation of the methylome remain unclear...
September 5, 2016: Oncogene
Juliana Carron, Angelo Borsarelli Carvalho Brito, Ana Carolina Mourão Torelli, Cristiane Oliveira, Sophie Françoise Mauricette Derchain, Carmen Silvia Passos Lima, Gustavo Jacob Lourenço
This study aimed to evaluate whether GSTM1 and GSTT1 (presents or nulls), GSTP1 c.313A>G and NQO2 c.-102A>C polymorphisms, involved in xenobiotic detoxification pathways, alter outcomes of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients. DNA from 84 EOC patients diagnosed at the University of Campinas Academic Hospital from January 1995 and July 2007 was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism assays. The prognostic impact of genotypes of polymorphisms on progression-free survival and overall survival (OS) of EOC patients was examined using the Kaplan-Meier probability estimates and univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard ratio (HR) regression analyses...
October 2016: Medical Oncology
Ning Ding, Xin Wang, Marc G Weisskopf, David Sparrow, Joel Schwartz, Howard Hu, Sung Kyun Park
BACKGROUND: Cumulative exposure to lead is associated with cardiovascular outcomes. Polymorphisms in the δ-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD), hemochromatosis (HFE), heme oxygenase-1 (HMOX1), vitamin D receptor (VDR), glutathione S-transferase (GST) supergene family (GSTP1, GSTT1, GSTM1), apolipoprotein E (APOE),angiotensin II receptor-1 (AGTR1) and angiotensinogen (AGT) genes, are believed to alter toxicokinetics and/or toxicodynamics of lead. OBJECTIVES: We assessed possible effect modification by genetic polymorphisms in ALAD, HFE, HMOX1, VDR, GSTP1, GSTT1, GSTM1, APOE, AGTR1 and AGT individually and as the genetic risk score (GRS) on the association between cumulative lead exposure and incident coronary heart disease (CHD) events...
2016: PloS One
Giorgia Gurioli, Samanta Salvi, Filippo Martignano, Flavia Foca, Roberta Gunelli, Matteo Costantini, Giacomo Cicchetti, Ugo De Giorgi, Persio Dello Sbarba, Daniele Calistri, Valentina Casadio
BACKGROUND: Epigenetic silencing mediated by CpG island methylation is a common feature of many cancers. Characterizing aberrant DNA methylation changes associated with prostate carcinogenesis could potentially identify a tumour-specific methylation pattern, facilitating the early diagnosis of prostate cancer. The objective of the study was to assess the methylation status of 40 tumour suppressor genes in prostate cancer and healthy prostatic tissues. METHODS: We used methylation specific-multiplex ligation probe amplification (MS-MLPA) assay in two independent case series (training and validation set)...
2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
You-Ning Ma, Chu-Yan Cao, Qiang-Wei Wang, Wen-Jun Gui, Guo-Nian Zhu
The widely used organotins have the potential to disrupt the endocrine system, but little is known of underlying mechanisms of azocyclotin toxicity in fish. The objective of the present study was to investigate the impact of azocyclotin on reproduction in zebrafish. Adult zebrafish were exposed to 0.09 and 0.45μg/L azocyclotin for 21days, and effects on steroid hormones and mRNA expression of the genes belonging to the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonad (HPG) axis were investigated. Mass spectrometry methodology was developed to profile steroids within the metabolome of the gonads...
October 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
E P Resende, A Todo-Bom, C Loureiro, A Mota Pinto, B Oliveiros, L Mesquita, H C Silva
BACKGROUND: Asthma and rhinitis have a complex etiology, depending on multiple genetic and environmental risk factors. An increasing number of susceptibility genes are currently being identified, but the majority of reported associations have not been consistently replicated across populations of different genetic backgrounds. PURPOSE: To evaluate whether polymorphisms of IL4R (rs1805015), IL13 (rs20541), IL17A (rs2275913) and GSTP1 (rs1695) genes are associated with rhinitis and/or asthma in adults of Portuguese ancestry...
August 22, 2016: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
A Bocedi, R Fabrini, O Lai, L Alfieri, C Roncoroni, A Noce, J Z Pedersen, G Ricci
Glutathione transferases (GSTs) are enzymes devoted to the protection of cells against many different toxins. In erythrocytes, the isoenzyme (e-GST) mainly present is GSTP1-1, which is overexpressed in humans in case of increased blood toxicity, as it occurs in nephrophatic patients or in healthy subjects living in polluted areas. The present study explores the possibility that e-GST may be used as an innovative and highly sensitive biomarker of blood toxicity also for other mammals. All distinct e-GSTs from humans, Bos taurus (cow), Sus scrofa (pig), Capra hircus (goat), Equus caballus (horse), Equus asinus (donkey) and Ovis aries (sheep), show very similar amino acid sequences, identical kinetics and stability properties...
2016: Cell Death Discovery
Fang Zhao, Ekaterina Olkhov-Mitsel, Theodorus van der Kwast, Jenna Sykes, Darko Zdravic, Vasundara Venkateswaran, Alexandre R Zlotta, Andrew Loblaw, Neil E Fleshner, Laurence Klotz, Danny Vesprini, Bharati Bapat
PURPOSE: Prostate cancer (PCa) patients on active surveillance (AS) are monitored through repeated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) measurements, digital rectal exams (DREs) and prostate biopsies. A subset of AS patients will later "reclassify" with disease progression prompting definitive treatment. To minimize the risk of under-treating such AS patients, minimally-invasive tests incorporating biomarkers to identify patients who will reclassify are urgently needed. METHODS: We assessed post-DRE urine samples of AS patients for selected DNA methylation biomarkers that were previously investigated in radical prostatectomy specimens and shown to correlate with increasing risk of PCa...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Urology
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