keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538776/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-experience-in-18-patients-during-the-last-12-years
#1
Patrícia Dionísio, Luís Martins, Susana Moreira, Alda Manique, Rita Macedo, Fátima Caeiro, Luísa Boal, Cristina Bárbara
Objective: To characterize clinically all of the patients with spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) admitted to an adult pulmonology ward in Lisbon, Portugal. Methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study of all adult patients (≥ 18 years of age) diagnosed with SPM between January of 2004 and September of 2015. Results: At least one predisposing factor was identified in most (88.9%) of the 18 patients who presented with SPM during the study period...
March 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527963/clinical-significance-of-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum
#2
Brittany A Potz, Linda H Chao, Thomas T Ng, Ikenna C Okereke
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is classified as free air in the mediastinum in the absence of any precipitating cause. It is relatively uncommon, and the clinical significance and risk associated with SPM is not well understood and has not been widely documented in the literature. Our goals were to determine the outcomes of patients who presented with SPM and to determine predictors of severe pathology associated with SPM. METHODS: From 2004 through 2013, a retrospective review was conducted of patients who presented with SPM to our institution...
May 18, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398888/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-after-uncomplicated-vaginal-delivery
#3
Caroline Kramarz, Catherine Longley, Deepa Srinivasan, Penny Law, Simon W Dubrey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396785/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-after-bench-press-training
#4
Tomoya Nishino
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is often associated with asthma and mainly affects adolescent males with a tall, thin body habitus. A 17-year-old man complained of chest and pharyngeal pain after bench press training and spontaneous pneumomediastinum was diagnosed. It should be considered in the differential diagnosis of chest pain of uncertain cause.
April 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393060/subcutaneous-emphysema-pneumomediastinum-and-pneumothorax-in-a-patient-with-dermatomyositis
#5
Mehdi Bakhshaee, Mohammad Hassan Jokar, Zahra Mirfeizi, Elham Atabati, Somayeh Tarighat
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax, and subcutaneous emphysema are rare, but serious complications of inflammatory myopathies and occur more commonly in DM than PM. complications of dermatomyositis (DM) and polymyositis (PM), both of which can be fatal. CASE REPORT: A 20-year-old woman was admitted with neck pain, dyspnea, cough, and fever. She had been diagnosed with dermatomyositis 21 months prior. A thorax computed tomography (CT) scan revealed ground glass opacities in her lungs, pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax, and subcutaneous emphysema...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392636/subcutaneous-emphysema-after-shoulder-arthroscopy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Els S M Van Nieuwenhuyse, Bart Kerens, Jan Moens, Gunther Kiekens
INTRODUCTION: Subcutaneous emphysema (SE) and pneumomediastinum are rare complications after shoulder arthroscopy. CASE REPORT: A case is presented in which SE was seen after arthroscopic cuff repair. DISCUSSION: A review of current literature shows that SE after shoulder arthroscopy can be due to loco-regional anaesthesiology, endotracheal intubation, gas-forming infection, postoperative mobilisation or the arthroscopic procedure itself. During the procedure air can be sucked into the subacromial space due to suction and subsequently transferred into subcutaneous tissue by the positive pressure of the infusion pump...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382262/extensive-subcutaneous-emphysema-complicating-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum
#7
Mohammad Thawabi, Sarah Studyvin, Moh'd Al-Halawan, Amer Hawatmeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348951/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-a-rare-complication-of-methamphetamine-use
#8
Jessica Albanese, Cole Gross, Mohamed Azab, Sinziana Mahalean, Ranjit Makar
OBJECTIVE: To present an unusual case of spontaneous pneumomediastinum subsequent to recreational amphetamine use. CASE REPORT: A young African American adult male was admitted to internal medicine service for treatment of rhabdomyolysis secondary to methamphetamine use. On admission, he was complaining of chest pain in addition to nausea and generalized muscle aches. By his second hospital day, chest pain had resolved yet physical exam demonstrated crepitation of the anterior chest and left axilla...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340493/conservative-treatment-with-octreotide-to-provide-early-recovery-of-children-with-esophageal-perforation
#9
Ramazan Karabulut, Zafer Turkyilmaz, Kaan Sonmez, Abdullah Can Basaklar
Background The effectiveness of nonoperative treatment of esophageal perforation (EP) in children with octreotide is highlighted. Methods Records of nine patients (seven boys and two girls with an average age of 5.83 ± 5.35 years) with EP were reviewed. Results EP developed in six patients during dilation of esophageal stenosis (five of six caused by caustic burns). In the other three patients, EP developed after nasogastric placement, after endotracheal intubation, and during endoscopy for foreign body...
March 24, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330688/management-of-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-are-hospitalization-and-prophylactic-antibiotics-needed
#10
Masatomo Ebina, Akira Inoue, Akihiro Takaba, Koichi Ariyoshi
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is defined as the presence of free air in the mediastinum without any apparent concomitant factors or disease. It is uncommon but usually benign and self-limiting. Generally, patients with spontaneous pneumomediastinum are admitted to hospital, and occasionally, prophylactic antibiotics are administered to prevent mediastinitis. The purpose of this study was to describe practices concerning the feasibility of outpatient treatment and follow-up of spontaneous pneumomediastinum and the necessity of prophylactic antibiotics...
March 10, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316849/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-in-labor
#11
Mohamed Adnane Berdai, Said Benlamkadem, Smael Labib, Mustapha Harandou
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema also known as Hamman's syndrome is a very rare complication of labor that is often related to the valsalva maneuver during the labor. In most case, Hamman's syndrome is a self-limiting condition, rarely complicated unless there are underlying respiratory diseases. Chest X-ray can be a useful early diagnostic technique in severe clinical presentation. We report an uneventful pregnancy in a primigravid parturient, which was complicated in the late second stage of labor by the development of subcutaneous emphysema, pneumomediastinum, and mild pneumothorax...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283793/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-experience-at-a-single-institution-for-10%C3%A2-years
#12
In-Hag Song, Seock Yeol Lee, Seung Jin Lee, Won Suk Choi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify appropriate method of diagnosis and treatment of spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) based on our experience. METHODS: The medical records of patients who were diagnosed with SPM and treated at our hospital between April 2006 and July 2015 were, retrospectively, analyzed. The data included characteristics of the patients, method of diagnosis, treatment and clinical course. RESULTS: Forty-five patients were diagnosed with SPM and treated at our hospital...
May 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217437/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-in-a-healthy-young-female-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Ahmed Dirweesh, Chikezie Alvarez, Muhammad Khan, Donald Christmas
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is an uncommon finding in young adults presenting usually without any comorbidities or an underlying pathology. It is most commonly due to alveolar rupture in the setting of an inciting event such an underlying asthma, barotrauma, valsalva maneuver, or esophageal rupture. Individuals can have varying presentations, from chest pain, dyspnea and dysphagia, to anxiety, weakness, or facial and neck swelling. The majority of patients have subcutaneous emphysema on examination and can have abnormal laboratory findings such as an elevated C-reactive proteins and leukocytosis...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125152/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-experience-in-18-patients-during-the-last-12-years
#14
Patrícia Dionísio, Luís Martins, Susana Moreira, Alda Manique, Rita Macedo, Fátima Caeiro, Luísa Boal, Cristina Bárbara
Objective: To characterize clinically all of the patients with spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) admitted to an adult pulmonology ward in Lisbon, Portugal. Methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study of all adult patients (≥ 18 years of age) diagnosed with SPM between January of 2004 and September of 2015. Results: At least one predisposing factor was identified in most (88.9%) of the 18 patients who presented with SPM during the study period...
January 23, 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040241/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum
#15
María Milagros Clemente Lorenzo, María Ángeles López López, Paloma María Barquilla Cordero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2016: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987288/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-pneumoretroperitoneum-and-cervicofacial-subcutaneous-emphysema-after-repeatedly-and-forcefully-blowing-into-a-bottle
#16
Thein Swe, Akari Thein Naing, Antony Lixon, Joseph Quist
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is an uncommon, self-limiting condition associated with increased intra-thoracic pressure resulting in alveolar rupture. Search of the literature revealed no detailed case report about a 26-year-old psychiatric patient who repeatedly and forcefully blew air into a bottle for 5 days resulting in a combined condition of spontaneous pneumoretroperitoneum, pneumomediastinum, and cervicofacial subcutaneous emphysema. It is crucial to find a primary source and treat appropriately...
2016: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851558/1923-secondary-pneumomediastinum-due-to-spontaneous-gastric-perforation
#17
Siddique Chaudhary, Ahsan Wahab, Shiny Varghese, Abhijeet Ghatol, Susan Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824001/pneumomediastinum-secondary-to-foreign-body-aspiration-clinical-features-and-treatment-explorement-in-39-pediatric-patients
#18
Xiao-Jian Yang, Jie Zhang, Ping Chu, Yong-Li Guo, Jun Tai, Ya-Mei Zhang, Li-Xing Tang, Xin Ni
BACKGROUND: Pneumomediastinum (PM) secondary to foreign body aspiration (FBA) is rare in children. Although it is mainly benign, some cases may be fatal. Due to the rare nature of this clinical entity, proper assessment and management have been poorly studied so far. Here, we characterized the presentation and management of this clinical entity and provided an evaluation system for the management. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed children with PM secondary to FBA, who were treated in Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2010 to December 2015...
November 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793871/pulmonary-air-leak-syndrome-associated-with-traumatic-nasopharyngeal-suctioning
#19
Maria Chitty Lopez, Elza Pollak-Christian, Michael Keenaghan
We describe a healthy 7-month-old female infant who developed spontaneous pneumomediastinum (PM) and subcutaneous emphysema after traumatic nasopharyngeal suctioning (NPS) while hospitalised for respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of pulmonary air leak syndrome associated with traumatic NPS in a healthy infant affected by bronchiolitis. Although NPS is currently the mainstay of treatment in patients admitted with bronchiolitis in the USA, currently there are minimal data regarding the safety and effectiveness of the procedure in patients with bronchiolitis...
October 28, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759752/pneumomediastinum-as-a-complication-of-mdma-3-4-methylenedioxymetamfetamine-ecstasy-ingestion
#20
Suleiman Ezoubi, Hassan Kahal, William Stephen Waring
MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamfetamine, Ecstasy) is a widely used recreational drug. We present a case of pneumomediastinum as a complication of MDMA use in a 21-year-old man with no previous history of lung or gastrointestinal pathology. We have performed a literature review, and summarised the symptoms, signs, and prognosis for this under-recognised complication of a commonly used recreational drug. We recommend enquiring about illicit drug use in any patient presenting with spontaneous pneumomediastinum.
2016: Acute Medicine
keyword
keyword
113989
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"