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Spontaneous pneumomediastinum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851558/1923-secondary-pneumomediastinum-due-to-spontaneous-gastric-perforation
#1
Siddique Chaudhary, Ahsan Wahab, Shiny Varghese, Abhijeet Ghatol, Susan Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824001/pneumomediastinum-secondary-to-foreign-body-aspiration-clinical-features-and-treatment-explorement-in-39-pediatric-patients
#2
Xiao-Jian Yang, Jie Zhang, Ping Chu, Yong-Li Guo, Jun Tai, Ya-Mei Zhang, Li-Xing Tang, Xin Ni
BACKGROUND: Pneumomediastinum (PM) secondary to foreign body aspiration (FBA) is rare in children. Although it is mainly benign, some cases may be fatal. Due to the rare nature of this clinical entity, proper assessment and management have been poorly studied so far. Here, we characterized the presentation and management of this clinical entity and provided an evaluation system for the management. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed children with PM secondary to FBA, who were treated in Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2010 to December 2015...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793871/pulmonary-air-leak-syndrome-associated-with-traumatic-nasopharyngeal-suctioning
#3
Maria Chitty Lopez, Elza Pollak-Christian, Michael Keenaghan
We describe a healthy 7-month-old female infant who developed spontaneous pneumomediastinum (PM) and subcutaneous emphysema after traumatic nasopharyngeal suctioning (NPS) while hospitalised for respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of pulmonary air leak syndrome associated with traumatic NPS in a healthy infant affected by bronchiolitis. Although NPS is currently the mainstay of treatment in patients admitted with bronchiolitis in the USA, currently there are minimal data regarding the safety and effectiveness of the procedure in patients with bronchiolitis...
October 28, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759752/pneumomediastinum-as-a-complication-of-mdma-3-4-methylenedioxymetamfetamine-ecstasy-ingestion
#4
Suleiman Ezoubi, Hassan Kahal, William Stephen Waring
MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamfetamine, Ecstasy) is a widely used recreational drug. We present a case of pneumomediastinum as a complication of MDMA use in a 21-year-old man with no previous history of lung or gastrointestinal pathology. We have performed a literature review, and summarised the symptoms, signs, and prognosis for this under-recognised complication of a commonly used recreational drug. We recommend enquiring about illicit drug use in any patient presenting with spontaneous pneumomediastinum.
2016: Acute Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748464/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-following-pneumonia-in-a-23-year-old-male-patient
#5
Yusuf Kayar, Nüket Bayram Kayar, Tuncay Şahutoğlu, Venkatanarayana Gangarapu
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is defined as the presence of interstitial air in the mediastinum without any apparent precipitating factor. We present a case of 23 year old male patient, who has been referred to our outpatient clinic with the complaints of sudden chest pain, dyspnea followed by pneumonia and was diagnosed as SPM. The patient was treated with ampicillin sulbactam (4 gr/day) and methylprednisolon (20 mg/day) for 4 days. and oral intake was stopped during treatment. Post treatment, it was observed that the crepitations were disappeared thoroughly and vesicular sounds were heard by oscultation...
October 14, 2016: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728629/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum
#6
Anoop Dhanak, Sudhir Mehta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723958/recurrent-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-in-a-child-with-tracheomalacia
#7
Jonas Dewulf, Sabine Van Daele, Frans De Baets
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum in children is a very rare, benign entity. Recurrent episodes are exceptional. Identifying an underlying trigger is crucial, and very often, spontaneous pneumomediastinum occurs in association with an asthma exacerbation. We report the case of a patient in which we hypothesize that an underlying tracheomalacia can be held responsible for the recurrent pneumomediastinum, which is to this date the first case with this assumption. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2016; 9999:XX-XX. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc...
October 10, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693067/esophageal-rupture-after-ghost-pepper-ingestion
#8
Ann Arens, Leila Ben-Youssef, Sandra Hayashi, Craig Smollin
BACKGROUND: The ghost pepper, or "bhut jolokia," is one of the hottest chili peppers in the world. Ghost peppers have a measured "heat" of > 1,000,000 Scoville heat units (SHU), more than twice the strength of a habanero pepper. To our knowledge, no significant adverse effects of ghost pepper ingestion have been reported. CASE REPORT: A 47-year-old man presented to the Emergency Department (ED) with severe abdominal and chest pain subsequent to violent retching and vomiting after eating ghost peppers as part of a contest...
December 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591447/-pneumomediastinum-a-case-report
#9
Katarzyna Szmygin-Milanowska, Anna Grzywa-Celińska, Adam Krusiński, Magdalena Cielma, Agnieszka Wawrzecka, Justyna Emeryk-Maksymiuk, Janusz Milanowski
UNLABELLED: Pneumomediastinum is a rare disorder which often occurs without symptoms. It is sometimes a result of an injury but most often it is spontaneous. Pneumothorax may be iatrogenic; one of the reasons might be tracheotomy. Pneumomediastinum in some cases may be the threat to life and health. In this rare cases surgical intervention is needed, however pneumomediastinum is usually spontaneously absorbed. AIM: The aim of this study was to present the differential diagnosis of pneumomediastinum based on the case of a 60-year-old woman with tracheostomy, diagnosed eight years ago with generalized irreversible narrowing of the trachea and bronchi (suspicion of tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica)...
August 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590652/-pneumomediastinum-a-case-report
#10
Katarzyna Szmygin-Milanowska, Anna Grzywa-Celińska, Adam Krusiński, Magdalena Cielma, Agnieszka Wawrzecka, Justyna Emeryk-Maksymiuk, Janusz Milanowski
UNLABELLED: Pneumomediastinum is a rare disorder which often occurs without symptoms. It is sometimes a result of an injury but most often it is spontaneous. Pneumothorax may be iatrogenic; one of the reasons might be tracheotomy. Pneumomediastinum in some cases may be the threat to life and health. In this rare cases surgical intervention is needed, however pneumomediastinum is usually spontaneously absorbed. AIM: The aim of this study was to present the differential diagnosis of pneumomediastinum based on the case of a 60-year-old woman with tracheostomy, diagnosed eight years ago with generalized irreversible narrowing of the trachea and bronchi (suspicion of tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica)...
July 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585598/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-and-subcutaneous-emphysema-as-a-complication-of-asthma-in-children-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Miguel Tortajada-Girbés, Miriam Moreno-Prat, David Ainsa-Laguna, Silvia Mas
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is an uncommon disorder. It is rarely reported in paediatric patients and may be accompanied by subcutaneous emphysema. It is usually benign and self-limiting, with only supportive therapy being needed, but severe cases may require invasive measures. Asthma exacerbations have classically been described as a cause of SPM. However, detailed descriptions in asthmatic children are scarce. We aimed at improving the current understanding of the features of SPM and subcutaneous emphysema, and outcomes, by means of a case report and a systematic review...
October 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525238/clinical-manifestations-of-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum
#12
Soo Jin Park, Ji Ye Park, Joonho Jung, Seong Yong Park
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is an uncommon disorder with only a few reported clinical studies. The goals of this study were to investigate the clinical manifestations and the natural course of SPM, as well as examine the current available treatment options for SPM. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 91 patients diagnosed with SPM between January 2008 and June 2015. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 22.7±13.2 years, and 67 (73...
August 2016: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484109/modalities-and-complications-associated-with-the-use-of-high-flow-nasal-cannula-experience-in-a-pediatric-icu
#13
Florent Baudin, Sebastien Gagnon, Benjamin Crulli, François Proulx, Philippe Jouvet, Guillaume Emeriaud
BACKGROUND: High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy is increasingly used in pediatric ICUs as an intermediate level of support between conventional oxygen delivery and noninvasive ventilation (NIV). The safety of HFNC has seldom been studied, and some cases of barotrauma have been reported. This retrospective study aims to describe HFNC use in a tertiary care pediatric ICU, with a focus on the complications associated with this therapy. METHODS: Between January 2013 and January 2014, all children <18 y old treated with HFNC in the pediatric ICU were included...
October 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451054/epidural-pneumatosis-associated-with-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-a-rare-complication-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#14
Mohamed Ahmed, Mary-Louise Healy, Donal O'Shea, Rachel K Crowley
Pneumomediastinum and epidural pneumatosis are rare complications of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). These result from the emesis and hyperventilation associated with DKA which lead to alveolar rupture and air escape into the mediastinal and epidural spaces. These complications are often asymptomatic and resolve with the correction of the underlying metabolic abnormality. Oesophageal contrast studies are only required if oesophageal perforation is suspected in patients presenting with persistent vomiting and chest pain...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423821/three-simultaneous-cases-of-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-with-epidural-pneumatosis-during-vocal-training
#15
Yuki Yoshimatsu, Kazushi Yamairi, Kazutaka Nakasone, Michiru Sasaki, Saori Terai, Naoki Nakamura, Naomi Maruyama, Yae Yoshida, Munetake Takata, Natsuko Iwae, Kenichiro Otani, Takao Kamimori, Hiroshi Fujiwara
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe a case series of three simultaneous cases of spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) with epidural pneumatosis during vocal training. METHODS: A report of three cases with chart review was performed. Literature review was carried out using PubMed. RESULTS: This was an extremely rare case series where at least three of the 20 participants of a vocal training in a self-development seminar developed SPM, epidural pneumatosis, pneumothorax, and subcutaneous emphysema...
July 13, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27407750/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-in-an-adolescent
#16
C M Adya, Vinay Maurya, V D Charan, Aks Bairaria
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2005: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386365/successful-closure-of-spontaneous-esophageal-rupture-boerhaave-s-syndrome-by-endoscopic-ligation-with-snare-loops
#17
Jun Kuwabara, Yuji Watanabe, You Kojima, Naoyuki Higaki, Yoshiou Ikeda, Kouichi Sato, Motohira Yoshida, Yuji Yamamoto, Satoshi Kikuchi
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous esophageal rupture is a rare condition with a high mortality rate, and it is generally treated by surgery. In the present report, successful non-surgical closure of spontaneous esophageal rupture by endoscopic ligation with snare loops in a patient with pyopneumothorax and septicemia is presented. CASE DESCRIPTION: The case of an 80-year-old man patient with spontaneous esophageal rupture who was cured by endoscopic ligation with snare loops is reported...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365715/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-complicating-pneumonia-in-children
#18
A R Rajan, D Y Shrikhande, A Arora, K Manish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2010: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358152/pneumomediastinum-subcutaneous-emphysema-and-pneumorrhachis-in-asthmatic-children
#19
L Colavita, C Cuppari, M R Pizzino, M Sturiale, B Mondello, F Monaco, M Barone, C Salpietro
Pneumomediastinum (PM), subcutaneous emphysema (SE) and pneumorrhachis (also known as epidural air (EDA) or epidural emphysema) are very rare findings in children. PM is defined as the passage of air from intra-alveolar space to interstitium and, later, to the mediastinum. From the mediastinum, the air may catch up subcutaneous tissue (usually of the neck) and/or epidural space via the cervical fascial planes and neural foramina, forming respectively SE and EDA. The PM can be divided in spontaneous (or idiopathic) and secondary PM...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348534/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-as-a-potential-predictor-of-mortality-in-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#20
Davide Colombi, Svenja Ehlers-Tenenbaum, Karin Palmowski, Claus Peter Heussel, Nicola Sverzellati, Mario Silva, Monika Eichinger, Michael Kreuter
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (PM) is a rare event in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) with unknown prognostic implications. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the incidence and prognostic impact of PM in a cohort of patients with IPF. METHODS: PM diagnosed by computed tomography was identified retrospectively in the clinical and radiological records of 182 patients with IPF who were admitted to our center between August 2006 and July 2013...
2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
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