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Spontaneous pneumomediastinum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335355/snap-crackle-and-pop-when-sneezing-leads-to-crackling-in-the-neck
#1
Wanding Yang, Raguwinder S Sahota, Sudip Das
Spontaneous perforation of the pharynx is an unusual condition. Due to its non-specific presentation and general lack of awareness, diagnosis and intervention may be delayed resulting in potential complications. This case reports a rare spontaneous perforation of the pyriform sinus after a forceful sneeze, leading to cervical subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum.
January 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319833/spontan-pneumomediastinum-ovanlig-orsak-till-akut-br%C3%A3-stsm%C3%A3-rta
#2
Carl Wengse, Gustav Bolinder, Emil Aman
A previously healthy 21-year old man presented to the emergency department with sudden onset central chest pain exacerbated by breathing. A plain chest X-ray showed air within the mediastinum and pericardium confirmed by a CT scan with contrast. The patient history did not raise suspicion of any concomitant disease and the diagnosis of spontaneous pneumomediastinum with pneumopericardium was made. The patient recovered completely over the next few days with bed rest and analgesics. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is an uncommon disease caused by rupture of perivascular alveoli causing air leakage to the mediastinum...
January 9, 2018: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276676/hamman-s-syndrome-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-presenting-as-subcutaneous-emphysema-a-rare-case-of-the-emergency-department-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Konstantinos Grapatsas, Zoi Tsilogianni, Vasileios Leivaditis, Sotirios Kotoulas, Christoforos Kotoulas, Efstratios Koletsis, Ilias Stylianos Iliadis, Manfred Dahm, Georgia Trakada, Lemonia Veletza, Anastasios Kallianos, Haidong Huang, Christoforos Kosmidis, Michael Karanikas, Vasilis Thomaidis, Konstantinos Porpodis, Paul Zarogoulidis
Pneumomediastinum is a rare clinical entity that concerns the clinicians in the emergency department. We present a case of a patient with spontaneous pneumomediastinum (Hamman's syndrome) that presented to our hospital's emergency department with cervical subcutaneous emphysema. A conservative treatment with observation was performed. The patient after 24 hours of observation was discharged with a suggested follow-up.
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248325/spontaneous-pneumothorax-diagnosis-may-be-a-click-away
#4
S Cabasson, M Q Do, A Giraudon, T Mansir
We report the case of a 14-year-old boy presenting to our unit because of a spontaneous left pneumothorax. Over the 3 preceding weeks, he described a rhythmic precordial click and the sensation of bubbles floating inside his chest. This noise, audible to the patient and his family without a medical device, proved to be the Hamman sign, a rare although typical sound formerly related to pneumomediastinum that can be exceptionally encountered in isolated left pneumothorax. Its pathophysiology remains unclear...
December 13, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218226/hamman-s-syndrome-in-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#5
Alexandra Rose Pain, Josh Pomroy, Andrea Benjamin
Hamman's syndrome (spontaneous subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum) is a rare complication of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), with a multifactorial etiology. Awareness of this syndrome is important: it is likely underdiagnosed as the main symptom of shortness of breath is often attributed to Kussmaul's breathing and the findings on chest radiograph can be subtle and easily missed. It is also important to be aware of and consider Boerhaave's syndrome as a differential diagnosis, a more serious condition with a 40% mortality rate when diagnosis is delayed...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217208/anisocoria-associated-with-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum
#6
Lidia López López, Alba Ramírez Bueno, Anneli Kubarsepp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201633/a-peculiar-case-of-asymptomatic-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum
#7
Trent Irwin, Mohit Rishi, Bishwas Upadhyay
Objective: To present a case of asymptomatic spontaneous pneumomediastinum and review available evidence-based workup and management. Case presentation: A young Caucasian adult male with a history of inhalational drug use was admitted to the internal medicine service for evaluation of dehydration and mild rhabdomyolysis. Patient had been on the run from the police and had spent the last days prior to presentation without food, water, or shelter. On admission, patient had no complaints, except for thirst...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129168/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum
#8
Ching Soong Khoo, Siti Soraya Ab Rahman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124382/use-of-whole-body-ct-to-detect-patterns-of-cpr-related-injuries-after-sudden-cardiac-arrest
#9
Gregor M Dunham, Alexandre Perez-Girbes, Ferdia Bolster, Kellie Sheehan, Ken F Linnau
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: We have recently implemented a dedicated sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) - whole-body computed tomography (WBCT) protocol to evaluate SCA patients with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) following cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The aim of this study is to evaluate the number and pattern of CPR-related injuries in ROSC patients with SCA-WBCT. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Single-centre retrospective review of 39 patients (13 female; 20 male, mean age 51...
November 9, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078663/endoscopic-treatment-with-fibrin-glue-of-post-intubation-tracheal-laceration
#10
Alfonso Fiorelli, Roberto Cascone, Davide Di Natale, Matteo Pierdiluca, Rossella Mastromarino, Giovanni Natale, Emanuele De Ruberto, Gaetana Messina, Giovanni Vicidomini, Mario Santini
Post-intubation tracheal laceration (PITL) is a rare and potential life-threatening condition requiring prompt diagnosis and treatment. A conservative treatment is indicated in patients with laceration <2 cm in length while surgery is the treatment of choice for laceration >4 cm. For laceration between 2-4 cm, the best treatment is debate; some authors recommend surgery while others do not definitely exclude endoscopic treatment. Herein, we reported the endoscopic treatment with fibrin glue of PITL. The procedure is performed using a standard video-bronchoscopy in operating room; the patient is in spontaneous breathing and deep sedation...
2017: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054712/-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-a-rare-complication-of-dermatomyositis
#11
A Allaoui, F Aboudib, W Bouissar, K Echchilali, M Moudatir, F Z Alaoui, H Elkabli
Dermatomyositis is a rare connective tissue disease of unknown origin, including inflammatory myopathy and cutaneous manifestations. Several pulmonary complications associated to dermatomyositis were described; especially interstitial lung disease. Some rare and particular pulmonary complications were reported in the literature such as pneumodiastinum and pneumothorax. We are describing here, a case report about a female patient, who presented with dermatomyositis associated to pneumomediastinum as a severe and lethal complication without pneumothorax...
October 2017: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046036/-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-and-subcutaneous-emphysema-associated-with-bronchospasm-in-a-woman-with-no-history-of-asthma
#12
Tonatiuh Ramses Bedolla-Pulido, Martín Bedolla-Barajas
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum most relevant triggering events are cough, vomiting, nutritional problems, physical activity and use of inhaled drugs. Association of spontaneous pneumomediastinum with non-asthma-related bronchospasm is an infrequent event. CLINICAL CASE: This is the case of a 21-year-old woman without personal or family history of asthma, allergic rhinitis or atopy who during late puerperium had 39 °C fever, paroxysmal cough and chest oppression of sudden onset, as well as wheezing and subcutaneous emphysema of the neck; she had no previous nasal symptoms...
July 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991498/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-complicating-severe-acute-asthma-exacerbation-in-adult-patients
#13
Andrea Vianello, Marco Caminati, Fulvia Chieco-Bianchi, Maria Rita Marchi, Stefania Vio, Giovanna Arcaro, Silvia Iovino, Fausto Braccioni, Beatrice Molena, Cristian Turato, Piera Peditto, Laura Battistella, Federico Gallan, Gianenrico Senna
OBJECTIVES: The real incidence of pneumomediastinum (PNM) in adult patients with severe acute asthma exacerbation continues to be unknown. The current study aims to investigate the occurrence of PNM in an adult population of patients presenting a severe asthma attack and to evaluate the risk factors associated to its development. METHODS: The 45 consecutive subjects who were admitted to our Division between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2016 for severe acute asthma exacerbation underwent a diagnostic protocol including a standard chest X-ray and continuous monitoring of arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) during the first 24 hours following admission...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990894/red-flag-wheezing-with-neck-pain-may-be-a-clue-to-the-early-diagnosis-of-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum
#14
Ali Yurtseven, E Ulaş Saz
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is an uncommon clinical condition in pediatric field. We report two pediatric cases with first time wheezing episode complicated by pneumomediastinum. Investigations failed to reveal any underlying cause for secondary pneumomediastinum. Pneumomediastinum most commonly occurs in asthmatic children. It can be explained by increased pressure gradient between the intraalveolar and interstitial spaces. We conclude that high prevalence of respiratory infections in children predisposes for spontaneous pneumomediastinum due to increased pressure within obstructed airways, or by tissue necrosis from parenchymal infection...
June 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970663/iatrogenic-bilateral-simultaneous-pneumothorax-call-for-vigilance
#15
Sunil Kumar Garg, Pragya Garg, Nidhi Anchan, Ashish Jaiswal
Iatrogenic pneumothorax refers to the pneumothorax generated after diagnostic or therapeutic procedure. We report the case of a 40-year-old male who had bilateral simultaneous iatrogenic pneumothorax with pneumomediastinum leading to cardiac arrest situation, due to wrong placement of nebulization kit in spontaneously breathing intubated patient. We report this case for its rarity, due to the critical importance of this cause as a etiology of bilateral simultaneous iatrogenic pneumothorax leading to cardiac arrest situation, and need to understand the importance of continuous training and stress of emergency environment...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964302/the-implications-of-pneumomediastinum-and-subcutaneous-emphysema-for-the-paediatric-otolaryngologist
#16
Chloe Swords, Neil Cheng-Wen Tan, Nico Jonas
Three patients presented within a 6-month period with pneumomediastinum. The underlying cause in each was distinct. One case occurred due to blunt laryngeal trauma and required urgent surgical intervention due to a decompensating airway. The second case was related to tracheal perforation secondary to a myofibroblastic tracheal tumour and the final case was related to adenovirus upper respiratory tract infection. Pneumomediastinum may be spontaneous or secondary to an underlying cause. Children should be managed using a multidisciplinary approach...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829494/pneumopericardium-pneumomediastinum-and-pneumorrachis-complicating-acute-respiratory-syncytial-virus-bronchiolitis-in-children
#17
C Fantacci, P Ferrara, F Franceschi, A Chiaretti
OBJECTIVE: We report 2 children with Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) infection complicated with spontaneous pneumopericardium (PP) and pneumomediastinum (PM), one also associated with pneumorrhachis (PR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two previously healthy children presented with fever, violent dry cough, dyspnea, and tachypnea. Chest X-ray and CT scans showed sizeable PP and PM in both patients. One of them also presented PR. Children were initially treated with intravenous antibiotics, antipyretics, and a cough sedative...
August 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810113/an-unusual-presentation-of-an-unusual-disease-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum
#18
Kalyan Chakravarthy Potu, Maheedhar Gedela, Kashif Abbas Shaikh, Sujithasree Ketineni, Eric Larson
We report a case of spontaneous pneumomediastinum with unusual clinical presentation. The most common symptoms of spontaneous mediastinum are chest pain and shortness of breath. Our patient presented with neck swelling and change in voice, an unusual presentation for spontaneous pneumothorax. A 30-year-old previously healthy man presented with complaints of neck swelling and hoarseness of voice beginning after an intense coughing spell. He had no other complaints. He denied any trauma to the chest, nausea, vomiting, recent air travel, scuba diving or recreational drug use...
November 2016: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752681/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-emphysema-and-pulmonary-bullae-associated-with-refractory-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-pneumonia-in-a-child
#19
Lilin Huang, Huajia Chen, Shumei Peng
We report a 21-month-old child with spontaneous pneumomediastinum (PM), emphysema, and pulmonary bullae caused by Mycoplasma pneumonia (M. pneumoniae) pneumonia. The patient presented with stubborn dyspnea and wheezing although received integrated treatment, including anti-infection, anti-inflammation, and intravenous immunoglobulin. This case was unique in that pulmonary bullae kept increasing. PM and emphysema were refractory in our patient, which have been reported as benign and limited. Surgical intervention was implemented to ultimately cure the case...
October 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710303/intrapartum-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-and-surgical-emphysema-hamman-s-syndrome-in-a-30-year-old-woman-with-asthma
#20
Divya Bharathi Nagarajan, Malinga Dilhan Ratwatte, John Mathews, Mateen Siddiqui
The authors report a case of a 30-year-old nulliparous woman with a prior medical history of asthma who developed intrapartum pneumomediastinum with surgical emphysema during the second stage of labour. She was managed conservatively with supportive care and there was complete resolution of symptoms within 4 days. Clinical and radiological findings were consistent with Hamman's syndrome (spontaneous pneumomediastinum). This case reiterates the possibility of childhood asthma or a family history of asthma as being an associated risk factor for Hamman's syndrome and reminds us of the need to distinguish such clinical findings from more important and potentially life-threatening conditions such as oesophageal rupture, pulmonary embolism and aortic dissection that can present with similar findings...
July 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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