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American urology association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086825/toxicity-and-quality-of-life-report-of-a-phase-ii-study-of-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-sbrt-for-low-and-intermediate-risk-prostate-cancer
#1
Matthew J Boyer, Michael A Papagikos, Rex Kiteley, Zeljko Vujaskovic, Jackie Wu, W Robert Lee
BACKGROUND: Clinical data indicates that delivery of larger daily doses of radiation may improve the therapeutic ratio for prostate cancer compared to conventional fractionation. A phase II study of stereotactic body radiotherapy with real-time motion management and daily plan re-optimization for low to intermediate risk prostate cancer was undertaken to evaluate this hypothesis. This report details the toxicity and quality of life following treatment. METHODS: From 2009 to 2013, 60 patients with T1-T2c prostate cancer with a Gleason score of 6 and PSA ≤ 15 or Gleason score of 7 and PSA ≤ 10 were enrolled...
January 13, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067747/readmission-and-reoperation-after-surgery-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#2
Erik D Hokenstad, Amy E Glasgow, Elizabeth B Habermann, John A Occhino
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the rates of readmission and reoperation for patients undergoing surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP). METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Participant User File was used to select all surgeries performed for POP from 2012 through 2014. The cohort was then reviewed for unplanned readmissions and unplanned reoperations within 30 days of POP surgery. Patient and procedural factors associated with readmission or reoperation were compared using χ analyses and Student t test...
January 6, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059917/characterization-of-readmission-by-day-of-rehospitalization-after-colorectal-surgery
#3
Ahmed M Al-Mazrou, Kunal Suradkar, Christine M Mauro, Ravi P Kiran
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with readmission stratified by the day of postdischarge rehospitalization after colorectal surgery have not been characterized previously. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify factors leading to readmission on a day-to-day basis after discharge from colorectal surgery. DESIGN: This was a retrospective analysis of patients readmitted within 30-days after colorectal surgery. Reasons and factors associated with readmission each day after discharge were evaluated...
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058776/guideline-of-guidelines-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#4
REVIEW
Solomon L Woldu, Aditya Bagrodia, Yair Lotan
Non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) represents the vast majority of bladder cancer diagnoses, however this definition represents a spectrum of disease with a variable clinical course notable for significant risk of recurrence and potential for progression. Management involves risk-adapted strategies of cystoscopic surveillance and intravesical therapy with a goal of bladder preservation when safe to do so. Multiple organizational guidelines exist to help practitioners manage this complicated disease process, however adherence to management principles amongt practicing urologists is reportedly low...
January 6, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012747/the-american-urological-association-symptom-index-for-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#5
Michael J Barry, Floyd J Fowler, Michael P O'leary, Reginald C Bruskewitz, H Logan Holtgrewe, Winston K Mebust, Abraham T K Cockett
A symptom index for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) was developed and validated by a multidisciplinary measurement committee of the American Urological Association (AUA). Validation studies were conducted involving a total of 210 BPH patients and 108 control subjects. The final AUA symptom index includes 7 questions covering frequency, nocturia, weak urinary stream, hesitancy, intermittence, incomplete emptying and urgency. On revalidation, the index was internally consistent (Cronbach's α = 0.86) and the score generated had excellent test-retest reliability (r = 0...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987067/prophylactic-antibiotic-treatment-following-laparoscopic-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-for-the-prevention-of-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections-did-the-aua-guidelines-make-a-difference
#6
Miki Haifler, Yoram Mor, Zohar Dotan, Jacob Ramon, Dorit E Zilberman
We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of the American Urological Association (AUA) antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines in patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP). Our prospective registry database was reviewed for all RALP cases. The following variables were evaluated: age, associated comorbidities, body mass index (BMI), total operative time, length of stay (LOS), prostate weight, pathological grade and stage. Until 11/2011, RALP patients were treated with antibiotics administered in the operating room and continued until urethral catheter removal...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986529/patterns-of-performance-of-surgical-oncology-by-north-american-pediatric-urologists-a-report-from-the-pediatric-urologic-oncology-working-group-puowg-of-the-society-for-pediatric-urology-spu
#7
Nicholas G Cost, Jonathan H Ross, Fernando A Ferrer, Armando J Lorenzo, Margarett Shnorhavorian, Jonathan C Routh, Kathleen Kieran, Michael L Ritchey
PURPOSE: Objective data on patterns of oncology practice amongst pediatric urologists are lacking. Thus, we reviewed surgical case-logs submitted to the American Board of Urology (ABU) by those self-reporting as pediatric urologists. We hypothesized that logs would report a low oncology volume (<5 cases), would identify orchiectomy as the most common oncology case, and that <25% of logs would report a nephrectomy for renal tumors. METHODS: Case-logs submitted for ABU certification, re-certification or pediatric subspecialty certification (PSCE) were reviewed and standardized to represent 12mo practice...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979460/favorable-preliminary-outcomes-for-men-with-low-and-intermediate-risk-prostate-cancer%C3%A2-treated-with-19-gy-single-fraction-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy
#8
Daniel J Krauss, Hong Ye, Alvaro A Martinez, Beth Mitchell, Evelyn Sebastian, Amy Limbacher, Gary S Gustafson
PURPOSE: To report the toxicity and preliminary clinical outcomes of a prospective trial evaluating 19-Gy, single-fraction high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy for men with low- and intermediate-risk prostate cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 63 patients were treated according to an institutional review board-approved prospective study of single-fraction HDR brachytherapy. Eligible patients had tumor stage ≤T2a, prostate-specific antigen level ≤15 ng/mL, and Gleason score ≤7...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929699/elucidating-trainee-effect-on-outcomes-for-general-gynecologic-and-urologic-oncology-procedures
#9
Megan Sippey, Konstantinos Spaniolas, Kevin R Kasten
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Surgical complications delay adjuvant therapy in oncology patients. Current literature remains unclear regarding resident effect on postoperative outcomes, with inappropriate coverage possibly endangering patients in spite of attending oversight. We assessed resident postgraduate year (PGY) effect on 30-day overall morbidity in cancer patients undergoing major intra-abdominal and non-abdominal surgery. METHODS: Patients undergoing non-emergent major intra- and extra-abdominal operations from 2005-2012 were queried using the American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900212/the-world-s-contribution-to-the-field-of-urology-in-2015-a-bibliometric-study
#10
Ahmad Majzoub, Khalid Al Rumaihi, Abdulla Al Ansari
OBJECTIVE: To explore factors associated with a successful research atmosphere by investigating the distribution of articles published in the field of urology in 2015 amongst different world regions, as research is undoubtedly a valuable tool that can help shape the future of human health. METHODS: The Scopus® database was searched for publications made by Urology journals enlisted in the SCImago journal and country rank website. Details about each article type, language, and country of origin were collected...
December 2016: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894612/influence-of-social-networks-on-congresses-of-urological-societies-and-associations-results-of-the-81th-national-congress-of-the-spanish-urological-association
#11
J Gómez-Rivas, M E Rodríguez-Socarrás, L Tortolero-Blanco, M Garcia-Sanz, M Alvarez-Maestro, M J Ribal, M Cózar-Olmo
OBJECTIVE: To measure social network activity during the 81th National Congress of the Spanish Urological Association (AEU) and to compare it with the activity during other congresses of national and international urological associations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We designed and registered the official hashtag #AEU16 for the 81(th) National Congress of the AEU on the Symplur website. The following measurements were recorded: number of participants, number of tweets, tweets by participant, tweets per hour and views...
November 25, 2016: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878050/suboptimal-use-of-pelvic-lymph-node-dissection-differences-in-guideline-adherence-between-robot-assisted-and-open-radical-prostatectomy
#12
Jonas Schiffmann, Alessandro Larcher, Maxine Sun, Zhe Tian, Jérémie Berdugo, Ion Leva, Hugues Widmer, Jean-Baptiste Lattouf, Kevin C Zorn, Shahrokh F Shariat, Francesco Montorsi, Markus Graefen, Fred Saad, Pierre I Karakiewicz
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to assess adherence to National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and American Urological Association (AUA) guidelines for pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) at the time of either robot-assisted (RARP) or open radical prostatectomy (ORP). METHODS: We relied on the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare linked database and focused on localized prostate cancer (PCa) patients who were treated with either RARP or ORP between October 2008 and December 2009...
August 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872983/robotic-assisted-versus-manual-prostatic-arterial-embolization-for-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-a-comparative-analysis
#13
Sandeep Bagla, John Smirniotopoulos, Julie C Orlando, Rachel Piechowiak
PURPOSE: Prostatic artery embolization (PAE) is a safe and efficacious procedure for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), though is technically challenging. We present our experience of technical and clinical outcomes of robotic and manual PAE in patients with BPH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IRB-approved retrospective study of 40 consecutive patients 49-81 years old with moderate or severe grade BPH from May 2014 to July 2015: 20 robotic-assisted PAE (group 1), 20 manual PAE (group 2)...
November 21, 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871929/past-present-and-future-of-chemodenervation-with-botulinum-toxin-in-the-treatment-of-oab
#14
Pradeep Tyagi, Mahendra Kashyap, Naoki Yoshimura, Michael Chancellor, Christopher J Chermansky
PURPOSE: We systematically reviewed both pre-clinical and clinical studies on bladder chemodenervation with onabotulinumtoxin A to highlight current limitations and future drug delivery approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified peer-reviewed basic and clinical research studies of onabotulinumtoxin A (onaBoNT-A) in the treatment of neurogenic bladder and refractory idiopathic overactive bladder (OAB) published between March 2000 and March 2016. Paired investigators independently screened 125 English language articles to identify controlled studies on onaBoNT-A administration in MEDLINE® database and abstracts presented at annual American Urological Association meetings...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866968/vasectomy-reversal-surgical-patterns-an-analysis-of-the-american-board-of-urology-case-logs
#15
Unwanaobong Nseyo, Nishant Patel, Tung-Chin Hsieh
OBJECTIVE: To characterize vasectomy reversal practice patterns among American Board of Urology (ABU) certifying urologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the ABU case logs for certifying urologists from 2008 to 2014. Vasectomy reversal procedures were identified by three CPT codes: 55400 (vasovasostomy), 54900 (epididymovasostomy, unilateral), 54901 (epididymovasostomy, bilateral). Demographic data was obtained and reviewed. Multivariate analysis was determined factors influencing the performance of surgical approach...
November 17, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860090/guideline-of-guidelines-priapism
#16
REVIEW
Asif Muneer, David Ralph
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2016: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833468/best-of-the-2016-aua-annual-meeting-highlights-from-the-2016-american-urological-association-annual-meeting-may-6-10-2016-san-diego-ca
#17
J Curtis Nickel, Michael A Gorin, Partin Alan W, Stacy Loeb, Shapiro Ellen, Michael B Chancellor, Dean G Assimos, Michael K Brawer, Benjamin M Brucker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Reviews in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824905/zinc-intake-and-risk-of-prostate-cancer-case-control-study-and-meta-analysis
#18
Abeer M Mahmoud, Umaima Al-Alem, Firas Dabbous, Mohamed M Ali, Ken Batai, Ebony Shah, Rick A Kittles
Zinc is an essential dietary element that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of prostate cancer, a cancer that disproportionately affects men of African descent. Studies assessing the association of zinc intake and prostate cancer have yielded inconsistent results. Furthermore, very little is known about the relationship between zinc intake and prostate cancer among African Americans. We examined the association between self-reported zinc intake and prostate cancer in a hospital-based case-control study of African Americans...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795745/northeastern-section-of-the-american-urological-association-68th-annual-meeting-buffalo-ny-scientific-program
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785437/are-antibiotics-necessary-during-routine-cystoscopic-stent-removal
#20
Joel E Abbott, Allison Han, Michelle McDonald, Charlie Lakin, Roger L Sur
BACKGROUND: The 2008 American Urological Association (AUA) Best Practice Statement on antimicrobial prophylaxis states that prophylaxis is not warranted for subjects with normal risk profile undergoing cystourethroscopy unless manipulation such as ureteral stent removal is performed. To date no studies have specifically assessed the need for antimicrobial prophylaxis during cystoscopic ureteral stent removal. We sought to determine the risk of infectious complications following cystoscopic stent removal with and without antimicrobial prophylaxis...
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
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