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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331546/clinically-localized-prostate-cancer-aua-astro-suo-guideline-part-ii-recommended-approaches-and-details-of-specific-care-options
#1
Martin G Sanda, Jeffrey A Cadeddu, Erin Kirkby, Ronald C Chen, Tony Crispino, Joann Fontanarosa, Stephen J Freedland, Kirsten Greene, Laurence H Klotz, Danil V Makarov, Joel B Nelson, George Rodrigues, Howard M Sandler, Mary Ellen Taplin, Jonathan R Treadwell
PURPOSE: This guideline is structured to provide a clinical framework stratified by cancer severity to facilitate care decisions and guide the specifics of implementing the selected management options. The summary presented herein represents Part II of the two-part series dedicated to Clinically Localized Prostate Cancer: AUA/ASTRO/SUO Guideline discussing risk stratification and care options by cancer severity. Please refer to Part I for discussion of specific care options and outcome expectations and management...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331304/gender-representation-in-urological-subspecialties
#2
Oluwarotimi S Nettey, Joceline S Fuchs, Stephanie J Kielb, Edward M Schaeffer
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between urologic subspecialization, surgeon gender and practice patterns among certifying urologists over the last 13 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic data of certifying and recertifying urologists (2004 to 2015) was obtained from the American Board of Urology (ABU). We investigated gender-specific trends in self-reported practice type (academic practice, private practice), subspecialization, and employment as a full-time versus part-time physician, relative to certification year and cycle...
January 10, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325349/-introduction-and-interpretation-of-guidelines-on-thromboprophylaxis-in-the-perioperative-period-of-urological-surgery
#3
X Wang, Z Y Liu
Venous thromboembolism had drawn great attention of global experts, as it is the third leading cause of cardiovascular-associated death, ranking after coronary heart disease and stroke. Numerous health care organizations had introduced guidelines for thromboprophylaxis during the perioperative period in their own fields. The paper reviewed the available guidelines pertaining to urological surgery from America Urological Association, American College of Chest Physicians and European Association of Urology. Compared with the first two guidelines, the European Association of Urology guideline is a milestone which recommended the most detailed prophylactic measures for the procedure-specific and patient-specific according to the evidence-based medicine...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290572/phase-1-2-study-of-hypofractionated-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-for-prostate-cancer-including-simultaneously-integrated-boost
#4
Michael G Chang, Nitai Mukhopadhyay, Diane Holdford, Vicki Skinner, Siddharth Saraiya, Drew Moghanaki, Mitchell S Anscher
PURPOSE: This study evaluates the safety and efficacy of moderately hypofractionated radiation therapy (RT) with simultaneous integrated boost (HSIB) intensity modulated RT (IMRT) that includes coverage of the seminal vesicles (SVs) and pelvic lymph nodes (LNs). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Men with localized prostate cancer were prospectively enrolled in a phase 1/2 trial to receive HSIB-IMRT to the prostate, ± SV, ± pelvic LN using a risk-based method. Low-risk patients received 69...
September 18, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260638/advance-sling-use-decreasing-relative-to-artificial-urinary-sphincters
#5
Chad R Pusateri, Jack M Zuckerman
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the percent of AdVance male sling usage relative to artificial urinary sphincters (AUS) over a 9 year period since its introduction in order to assess trends across the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: As a surrogate for procedures performed, we reviewed device utilization trends of the AdVance sling and AUS broken down by American Urological Association (AUA) section. ANOVA testing between years was used to determine purchasing trends with p values of < 0...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246796/current-state-of-renal-tumor-surgery-among-pediatric-surgeons-and-pediatric-urologists-a-survey-of-american-pediatric-surgical-association-apsa-and-society-for-pediatric-urology-spu-members
#6
Nicholas G Cost, Jennifer H Aldrink, Amanda F Saltzman, Roshni Dasgupta, Kenneth W Gow, Richard Glick, Peter F Ehrlich
INTRODUCTION: Anecdotally, renal tumor (RT) surgery makes up a limited portion of the practice for most pediatric urologists and pediatric surgeons. Data are lacking on the current perceptions of RT surgery, both volume of surgery and issues related to surgical practice, among pediatric surgeons (PS) and pediatric urologists (PU). OBJECTIVES: To describe practice patterns of pediatric renal tumor (RT) surgery and identify factors related to higher reported volumes of RT surgery...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241263/systematic-review-of-oral-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-symptoms-of-bladder-pain-syndrome-the-brazilian-guidelines
#7
Thaís Guimarães Dos Santos, Isabela Albuquerque Severo de Miranda, Christiana Campani Nygaard, Lucas Schreiner, Rodrigo de Aquino Castro, Jorge Milhen Haddad
Interstitial cystitis (IC), including bladder pain syndrome (BPS), is a chronic and debilitating disease that mainly affects women. It is characterized by pelvic pain associated with urinary urgency, frequency, nocturia and negative urine culture, with normal cytology. In 2009, the Society for Urodynamics and Female Urology (SUFU) defined the term IC/BPS as "an unpleasant sensation (pain, pressure, and discomfort) perceived to be related to the urinary bladder, associated with lower urinary tract symptoms for more than 6 weeks duration, in the absence of infection or other identifiable causes...
December 14, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234873/predictors-for-incidence-of-increased-time-spent-in-hospital-after-ambulatory-surgery-in-children-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Takaya Nishida, Takahiro Mihara, Koui Ka
PURPOSE: Recently, pediatric ambulatory surgery has become common. However, for some of these patients, unplanned admission or prolonged hospital stay is also necessary, which can increase the mental burden on these patients. The aim of this study was to identify the predictors of the incidence of increased time spent in hospitals associated with pediatric ambulatory surgery. METHODS: Data were obtained from the medical and anesthetic records of 1087 consecutive patients aged < 18 years who underwent ambulatory surgery under general anesthesia...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234244/genetic-alterations-in-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-patients
#9
Hanaa Mahmoud Mohamed, Magdy Sayed Aly, Tarek Dardeer Hussein
Background: Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is a classical age-related disease of the prostate, present in 20% of men at the age of 40 years with progression to 70% by the age of 60 years. BPH is associated with various lower urinary tract symptoms, which affect their day-to-day life. Materials and methods: Our objective was to evaluate the association between HER-2/neu, c-myc, p53, and clinicopathological variables in 45 patients diagnosed with benign prostatic hyperplasia using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218255/oncology-section-edge-task-force-on-urogenital-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-measures-for-incontinence
#10
Alicia Jeffrey, Shana E Harrington, Alexandra Hill, Amanda Roscow, Meryl Alappattu
Background: Compared to the general population, women and men with urogenital and colorectal cancer experience higher rates of urinary and fecal incontinence. Although a variety of measures exist to assess these areas, currently, there are no guidelines recommending which outcomes rehabilitation professionals should administer to examine these impairments in those with cancer. Purpose: To identify outcome measures for assessing urinary and fecal incontinence and evaluate their psychometric data and applicability to the cancer population...
July 2017: Rehabilitation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203269/clinically-localized-prostate-cancer-aua-astro-suo-guideline-part-i-risk-stratification-shared-decision-making-and-care-options
#11
Martin G Sanda, Jeffrey A Cadeddu, Erin Kirkby, Ronald C Chen, Tony Crispino, Joann Fontanarosa, Stephen J Freedland, Kirsten Greene, Laurence H Klotz, Danil V Makarov, Joel B Nelson, George Rodrigues, Howard M Sandler, Mary Ellen Taplin, Jonathan R Treadwell
PURPOSE: This guideline is structured to provide a clinical framework stratified by cancer severity to facilitate care decisions and guide the specifics of implementing the selected management options. The summary presented represents Part I of the two-part series dedicated to Clinically Localized Prostate Cancer: AUA/ASTRO/SUO Guideline discussing risk stratification and care options by cancer severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The systematic review utilized in the creation of this guideline was completed by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and through additional supplementation by ECRI Institute...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198325/ercc1-as-a-prognostic-factor-for-survival-in-patients-with-advanced-urothelial-cancer-treated-with-platinum-based-chemotherapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Yuksel Urun, Jeffrey J Leow, Andre P Fay, Laurence Albiges, Toni K Choueiri, Joaquim Bellmunt
BACKGROUND: The predictive role of excision repair cross-complementing group 1 (ERCC1) as a predictive factor in patients with advanced urothelial cancer (AUC) treated with platinum-based treatment is not well defined. Here, we evaluate the role of ERCC1 in patients with AUC treated with platinum-based treatment. METHODS: We performed comprehensive, systematic computerized search to identify relevant studies through Medline, Embase, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (CCTR) databases and abstracts from American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and ASCO Genitourinary Cancers Symposium, European Society For Medical Oncology (ESMO) and European Association of Urology (EAU) meeting up to July 2015...
December 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179565/american-urological-association-antibiotic-best-practice-statement-and-ureteroscopy-does-antibiotic-stewardship-help
#13
Daniel J Greene, Bradley C Gill, Bryan Hinck, Yaw A Nyame, Nima Almassi, Venkatesh Krishnamurthi, Mark Noble, Sri Sivalingam, Manoj Monga
PURPOSE: To determine compliance with the American Urological Association (AUA) antimicrobial prophylaxis best practice statement and whether the use of postoperative antibiotics is associated with lower rates of postoperative urinary tract infection (UTI) in patients with nephroureterolithiasis and a negative preoperative urine culture undergoing ureteroscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of all adult patients undergoing ureteroscopy from 2013 to 2014 for stone disease with a negative preoperative urine was conducted...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158030/the-role-of-ayurveda-management-in-preventing-surgical-site-infections-instead-of-surgical-antibiotic-prophylaxis
#14
Subhash Yadav, Sanjay Jain, Jatinder Chaudhary, Rahul Bansal, Manoj Sharma
It is probably for the first time in the history of modern surgery that Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH) surgery which belongs to 'clean contaminated' class and requires at least 3 doses of prophylactic antibiotic as per recommendations by American Urology Association, was done without the use of any as the patient had a history of severe intolerance to them. The case was an 83 year old male patient presenting with acute urinary retention. He was a known case of BPH being managed continuously on Ayurvedic therapy for many years...
October 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149429/population-analysis-of-predictors-of-difficult-intubation-with-direct-laryngoscopy-in-pediatric-patients-with-and-without-thyroid-disease
#15
Aalap C Shah, William C K Ng, Sean Sinnott, Joseph P Cravero
PURPOSE: There are no data on the prevalence and predictors of difficult intubation (DI) in pediatric patients with thyroid disease. This study (1) assesses the prevalence of DI in patients with thyroid disease undergoing elective operations, (2) identifies other predictors of DI in children, and (3) evaluates the effect of DI on postoperative care and length-of-stay. METHODS: A single-center retrospective cohort analysis of procedures in patients assigned with an ICD-9 code for thyroid disease between June 2012 and February 2016...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107280/castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-an-algorithmic-approach
#16
REVIEW
Kelly Stratton, Michael Cookson
Since 2010, 5 new agents have been approved for advanced prostate cancer treatment. The American Urologic Association (AUA) published guidelines for the management of castration-resistant prostate cancer in 2013. These guidelines identify 6 index patients to consider when selecting the most appropriate treatment. No comparative trials have provided an approach to optimize the sequencing of these drugs. For the urologist, incorporating the guidelines into clinical practice typically requires a multidisciplinary team...
November 2017: Urologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102151/age-at-orchiopexy-for-undescended-testis-in-the-united-states
#17
Kibileri Williams, Lauren Baumann, Adil Shah, Fizan Abdullah, Emilie K Johnson, Tolulope A Oyetunji
PURPOSE: Undescended testis (UDT) is the most common congenital anomaly of the male genitalia. The American Urological Association guidelines recommend orchiopexy by age 18months to ameliorate the risk of subfertility. The study aim was to assess adherence to these guidelines on a national level. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed both the State Ambulatory Surgery Database (SASD) in 2012 and the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) for 2015. All patients aged 18years or less with a diagnosis of UDT who underwent orchiopexy were included...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079108/reap-what-you-sow-which-rural-surgery-training-programs-currently-exist-and-do-medical-students-know-of-their-existence
#18
Isolina R Rossi, Aaron L Wiegmann, Pat Schou, David C Borgstrom, Matthew B Rossi
BACKGROUND: There exists an acute need to recruit and train general surgeons for rural communities. To assist medical students interested in rural surgery, the American College of Surgeons (ACS) website lists general surgery residencies, which are tailored to train the rural surgeon by providing exposure to endoscopy, gynecology, urology, orthopedics, and otolaryngology. Another available reference is the American Medical Association Fellowship and Residency Electronic Database (FREIDA)...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059733/re-the-near-future-impact-of-retirement-on-the-urologic-workforce-results-from-the-american-urological-association-census
#19
Tomas L Griebling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034048/northeastern-section-of-the-american-urological-association-69-th-annual-meeting-savannah-ga-scientific-program
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
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