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Inbal Maidan, Shiran Shustak, Topaz Sharon, Hagar Bernad-Elazari, Nimrod Geffen, Nir Giladi, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Anat Mirelman
BACKGROUND: Obstacle negotiation is a daily activity that requires the integration of sensorimotor and cognitive information. Recent studies provide evidence for the important role of prefrontal cortex during obstacle negotiation. We aimed to explore the effects of obstacle height and available response time on prefrontal activation. METHODS: Twenty healthy young adults (age: 30.1 ± 1.0 years; 50% women) walked in an obstacle course while negotiating anticipated and unanticipated obstacles at heights of 50 mm and 100 mm...
February 15, 2018: Brain and Cognition
Guy Topaz, Wesal Gharra, Alon Eisen, Alon Y Hershko, Lotan Shilo, Gil Beeri, Yona Kitay-Cohen, David Pereg
BACKGROUND: Assessment of chest pain is one of the most common reasons for hospital admissions in internal medicine wards. However, little is known regarding predictors for poor prognosis in patients discharged from internal medicine wards after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) rule-out. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of kidney function with mortality and hospital admissions due to ACS in patients with chest pain who were discharged from internal medicine wards following ACS rule-out...
February 5, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Sumudu Tennakoon, Ye Peng, Mainak Mookherjee, Sergio Speziale, Geeth Manthilake, Tiglet Besara, Luis Andreu, Fernando Rivera
Topaz is an aluminosilicate mineral phase stable in the hydrothermally altered pegmatitic rocks and also in subducted sedimentary lithologies. In nature, topaz often exhibits solid solution between fluorine and hydrous end members. We investigated elasticity of naturally occurring single crystal topaz (Al2SiO4F1.42(OH)0.58) using Resonant Ultrasound Spectroscopy. We also explored the temperature dependence of the full elastic constant tensor. We find that among the various minerals stable in the Al2O3-SiO2-H2O ternary system, topaz exhibits moderate elastic anisotropy...
January 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
Tom Topaz, Roey Egozi, Gil Eshel, Benny Chefetz
Cultivated land is a major source of pesticides, which are transported with the runoff water and eroded soil during rainfall events and pollute riverine and estuarine environments. Common ecotoxicological assessments of riverine systems are mainly based on water sampling and analysis of only the dissolved phase, and address a single pesticide's toxicological impact under laboratory conditions. A clear overview of mixtures of pesticides in the adsorbed and dissolved phases is missing, and therefore the full ecotoxicological impact is not fully addressed...
December 27, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
On Topaz
The benefits of nitroglycerin are numerous, from ensuring accurate interpretation of diagnostic angiograms to treatment of coronary spasm and support of PCIs in simple or complex lesion types. The founders of the field were convinced that no coronary arteriography should be considered complete unless a vasodilator is used at some point during the study. This recommendation is valid. The guidelines should change to include administration of intracoronary nitroglycerin.
December 1, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Golan Shahar, Sheera F Lerman, Maayan Topaz, Silviu Brill, Hadar Shalev, Zvia Rudich
OBJECTIVE: Chronic physical pain is one of modern medicine's principal challenges. Recently, there has been a keen research interest in the role of depressive personality vulnerability (DPV) in the course of chronic pain. This is the first attempt to examine the role of three leading DPV dimensions-sociotropy, autonomy, and self-criticism-in chronic pain. METHOD: Chronic pain patients (N = 428) were assessed four times as to their pain, disability, anxious depression, and pain-based catastrophizing...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Personality
Nadav Topaz, Nazia Mojib, Aroon T Chande, Julia Kubanek, I King Jordan
January 1, 2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
Bo-Ye Fu, Li-Yun Fu
Stress-induced velocity variations for porous rocks are generally characterized by a strong nonlinear dependence on stress associated with complex deformations under loading. The classical theory of poro-acoustoelasticity with high-order elastic constants is based on the Taylor expansion of the strain energy function, encountering problems of divergence and limitless elastic wave velocities in describing stress-associated velocity variations, especially for high effective stresses. The extension of the theory beyond the high-order elastic constants based on the Padé approximation to the strain energy function is addressed in this article...
November 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Rona Katzengold, Moris Topaz, Amit Gefen
Regulated negative pressure-assisted wound therapy (RNPT) is one of the most important wound treatment technologies developed and applied over the last two decades. To-date RNPT has been proven to be clinically effective in treating chronic wounds, however, the effects of different specific pressure delivery protocols on the progress and quality of tissue repair are not adequately understood yet. Here, we suggest a viscoelastic, three-dimensional finite element modeling framework of RNPT, with several realistic features such as a non-symmetrically configured multi-layered tissue structure...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
Yoshihiro Imai, Takehiro Yamashita, On Topaz
RATIONALE: Thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) and red thrombus are suggested as a high-risk of embolic complications during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Intracoronary aspiration procedures occasionally result in either an insufficient thrombus removal or provide no significant effects on TCFA. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 76-year-old male underwent coronary angiography for chest pain. DIAGNOSES: Coronary angiography revealed a tight stenosis at the right coronary artery which resulted in treatment by PCI...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Maxim Topaz, Katherine Gaddes, Margret McDonald, Kathryn Bowles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Maxim Topaz, Adam Schaffer, Warren Acker, Ken Lai, Tom Korah Zfania, Jonathan Einbinder, Li Zhou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Ivana Yeow, Gillian Howard, Jessica Chadwick, Carolina Mendoza-Topaz, Carsten G Hansen, Benjamin J Nichols, Elena Shvets
Caveolae introduce flask-shaped convolutions into the plasma membrane and help to protect the plasma membrane from damage under stretch forces. The protein components that form the bulb of caveolae are increasingly well characterized, but less is known about the contribution of proteins that localize to the constricted neck. Here we make extensive use of multiple CRISPR/Cas9-generated gene knockout and knockin cell lines to investigate the role of Eps15 Homology Domain (EHD) proteins at the neck of caveolae...
October 9, 2017: Current Biology: CB
Sebastian Weingärtner, Chetan Shenoy, Benedikt Rieger, Lothar R Schad, Jeanette Schulz-Menger, Mehmet Akçakaya
PURPOSE: To develop and evaluate a cardiac phase-resolved myocardial T1 mapping sequence. METHODS: The proposed method for temporally resolved parametric assessment of Z-magnetization recovery (TOPAZ) is based on contiguous fast low-angle shot imaging readout after magnetization inversion from the pulsed steady state. Thereby, segmented k-space data are acquired over multiple heartbeats, before reaching steady state. This results in sampling of the inversion-recovery curve for each heart phase at multiple points separated by an R-R interval...
August 30, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
L A McNamara, N Topaz, X Wang, S Hariri, L Fox, J R MacNeil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
Guy Topaz, Yona Kitay-Cohen, Lotan Shilo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Critical Care
On Topaz
CTO lesions resisting balloon crossing are located in moderate/severe tortuous coronary arteries contain more moderate/severe calcification burden and carry a higher J-CTO score as compared with balloon crossable CTO lesions. CTO lesions resisting balloon crossing do not constitute a homogenous group. In 25% of the patients, the resisting CTO was caused by stent restenosis and thrombus is an integral component of CTO in addition to calcium and fibrosis. The excimer laser and rotational/orbital atherectomy are among useful debulking technologies capable of creating a "pilot recanalization channel" in the CTO that enables completion of the revasularization...
July 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Lucy A McNamara, Nadav Topaz, Xin Wang, Susan Hariri, LeAnne Fox, Jessica R MacNeil
Use of eculizumab (Soliris, Alexion Pharmaceuticals), a terminal complement inhibitor, is associated with a 1,000-fold to 2,000-fold increased incidence of meningococcal disease (1). Administration of meningococcal vaccines is recommended for patients receiving eculizumab before beginning treatment (2,3). Sixteen cases of meningococcal disease were identified in eculizumab recipients in the United States during 2008-2016; among these, 11 were caused by nongroupable Neisseria meningitidis. Fourteen patients had documentation of receipt of at least 1 dose of meningococcal vaccine before disease onset...
July 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Guy Topaz, David Pereg, Mony Shuvy, Stefan Mausbach, Itzhak Kimiagar, Gregory Telman, Yona Kitay-Cohen, Dina Vorobeichik, Nir Shlomo, David Tanne
BACKGROUND: The CHA2DS2-VASc score has been recommended for the assessment of thromboembolic risk in patients with atrial fibrillation. Data regarding the association between the pre-admission CHA2DS2-VASc score and the outcome of patients with stroke and TIA are scarce. We aimed to assess the predictive value of pre-admission CHA2DS2-VASc score for early risk stratification of patients with acute cerebrovascular event. METHODS: The study group consisted of 8309 patients (53% males, mean age of 70±13...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
Warren W Acker, Joseph M Plasek, Kimberly G Blumenthal, Kenneth H Lai, Maxim Topaz, Diane L Seger, Foster R Goss, Sarah P Slight, David W Bates, Li Zhou
BACKGROUND: Food allergy prevalence is reported to be increasing, but epidemiological data using patients' electronic health records (EHRs) remain sparse. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the prevalence of food allergy and intolerance documented in the EHR allergy module. METHODS: Using allergy data from a large health care organization's EHR between 2000 and 2013, we determined the prevalence of food allergy and intolerance by sex, racial/ethnic group, and allergen group...
December 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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