Read by QxMD icon Read

Systemic Inflammatory Syndrome

Amanda N Fletcher, Agostino Molteni, Rakesh Ponnapureddy, Chirag Patel, Mark Pluym, Alan M Poisner
BACKGROUND: Fat embolism (FE) and the consequent fat embolism syndrome (FES) occurring after trauma or surgery can lead to serious pulmonary injury, including ARDS and death. Current treatment of FES is limited to supportive therapy. We have shown in a rat model that the renin angiotensin system (RAS) plays a significant role in the pathophysiology of FE since drugs interfering with the RAS, captopril and losartan, reduce the histopathologic pulmonary damage. The purpose of the current study was to determine if inhibition of renin by aliskiren, an FDA-approved drug for treating hypertension, would produce effective protection in the same model...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
José Alcaraz-Quiles, Esther Titos, Mireia Casulleras, Marco Pavesi, Cristina López-Vicario, Bibiana Rius, Aritz Lopategi, Andrea de Gottardi, Ivo Graziadei, Henning Gronbaek, Pere Ginès, Mauro Bernardi, Vicente Arroyo, Joan Clària
: Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) in cirrhosis is an increasingly recognized syndrome characterized by acute decompensation, organ failure(s) and high short-term mortality. Recent findings suggest that an over-exuberant systemic inflammation plays a primary role in ACLF progression. In this study, we examined whether genetic factors shape systemic immune responses in patients with decompensated cirrhosis. Six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in inflammation-related genes (IL-1β: rs1143623, IL-1ra: rs4251961, IL-10: rs1800871, SOCS3: rs4969170, NOD2: rs3135500 and CMKLR1: rs1878022) were genotyped in 279 cirrhotic patients with (n=178) and without (n=101) ACLF from the CANONIC study of the CLIF consortium...
October 24, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Melis Şirinoğlu, Ahmet Soysal, Ayşe Karaaslan, Eda Kepenekli Kadayifci, Nilüfer Yalındağ-Öztürk, İsmail Cinel, Ali Yaman, Goncagül Haklar, Önder Şirikci, Serap Turan, Gülşen Altınkanat Gelmez, Güner Söyletir, Mustafa Bakır
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine the diagnostic and prognostic values of suPAR and to compare them to CRP and PCT in pediatric patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). MATERIAL-METHODS: A prospective case-control study was performed.The study was performed in a tertiary university hospital which has a 649-bed capacity. Patients included 27 children with SIRS and 27 control subjects without any infection or immunosuppressive condition...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Shanta Islam, Md Shafiullah Shajib, Tajnin Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Celosia cristata Linn. (Amaranthaceae) is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of headache, sores, ulcers, eye inflammations, skin eruption, painful menstruation and carpal tunnel syndrome. This study was performed to evaluate the antinociceptive activity of methanol extract of the whole plant of C. cristata (MECC). METHODS: The evaluation of the antinociceptive effect of MECC was performed using thermal (hot plate, tail immersion test) and chemical (acetic acid, formalin, and glutamate-induced nociception test) pain models in mice at four different doses (50, 100, 200, 400 mg/kg; p...
October 22, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Moushira E Zaki, Hala T El-Bassyouni, Angie M S Tosson, Eman Youness, Jihan Hussein
OBJECTIVE: Evidence of oxidative stress was reported in individuals with Down syndrome. There is a growing interest in the contribution of the immune system in Down syndrome. The aim of this study is to evaluate the coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) and selected pro-inflammatory markers such as interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) in children with Down syndrome. METHODS: Eighty-six children (5-8 years of age) were enrolled in this case-control study from two public institutions...
October 19, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Martin Rozanovic, Csaba Csontos, Lajos Bogár, Lívia Szélig, Tímea Bocskai, Patrícia Kovács, Marianna Matancic, Attila Miseta, Csaba Loibl
BACKGROUND: In polytrauma and burn injury Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) develops. SIRS is presented in many hospitalized patients, including those who never develop infection or sepsis. Both in SIRS and sepsis the leukocyte activation occurs. In acute phase reaction leukocytes' upward flotation i.e. leukocyte antisedimentation rate (LAR) can indicate infectious origin. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive power of LAR, serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) levels regarding mortality risk and development of septic complications...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Giuliana Giardino, Vera Gallo, Rosaria Prencipe, Giovanni Gaudino, Roberta Romano, Marco De Cataldis, Paola Lorello, Loredana Palamaro, Chiara Di Giacomo, Donatella Capalbo, Emilia Cirillo, Roberta D'Assante, Claudio Pignata
Increased risk of developing autoimmune manifestations has been identified in different primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs). In such conditions, autoimmunity and immune deficiency represent intertwined phenomena that reflect inadequate immune function. Autoimmunity in PIDs may be caused by different mechanisms, including defects of tolerance to self-antigens and persistent stimulation as a result of the inability to eradicate antigens. This general immune dysregulation leads to compensatory and exaggerated chronic inflammatory responses that lead to tissue damage and autoimmunity...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Alexander N Shikov, Olga N Pozharitskaya, Valery G Makarov
PURPOSE: Aralia elata var. mandshurica (Rupr. & Maxim.) J.Wen syn. A. mandshurica Rupr. & Maxim is evaluated for its medicinal application. The aim of this study is to analyze pharmacological studies on A. elata var. mandshurica published until December 2015. METHODS: The information regarding the chemistry, safety, effectiveness, and pharmacological and clinical effects of A. elata was systematically collected from the scientific literature through library catalogs; online services such as E-library...
November 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Fujiko Mitsumoto-Kaseida, Masayuki Murata, Kazuya Ura, Koji Takayama, Satoshi Hiramine, Motohiro Shimizu, Kazuhiro Toyoda, Eiichi Ogawa, Norihiro Furusyo
CD64 is an Fc-gamma-receptor type 1. The expression level of neutrophil CD64 (nCD64) is a known bacterial infection marker, and it also increases in viral infections. We examined the absolute nCD64 before and after the initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) to determine its role as an infection and inflammation marker of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. In this prospective observational study, ninety-four HIV infected patients were enrolled and classified into ART (n=62), ART naive (n=24), and acute/early phase groups (n=8)...
October 20, 2016: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Akimune Kaga, Hiroshi Watanabe, Hiroki Miyabayashi, Takaya Metoki, Setsuko Kitaoka, Satoru Kumaki
Neonatal toxic shock syndrome-like exanthematous disease (NTED) is a newly recognized neonatal infectious disease, caused by the superantigen toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1). TSST-1 is mainly produced by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and the immune responses to TSST-1 are known to cause toxic shock syndrome, a life-threatening infectious disease. The clinical symptoms of NTED are skin rash, fever, and thrombocytopenia, but severe thrombocytopenia is rare in term infants with NTED. Although the cause of NTED is the same as that of toxic shock syndrome, the clinical symptoms of NTED are milder than toxic shock syndrome...
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
W Oliver Tobin, Chiara Costanzi, Yong Guo, Joseph E Parisi, Stephen D Weigand, Claudia F Lucchinetti
BACKGROUND: The spectrum of central nervous system-idiopathic inflammatory demyelinating disease (CNS-IIDD) in the elderly is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical, radiological, and pathological features of a cohort of 30 pathologically proven CNS-IIDD patients ⩾65 years. METHODS: Elderly multiple sclerosis (MS)/clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) patients were compared to a cohort of 125 patients with pathologically proven MS/CIS and symptom onset <65 years...
October 19, 2016: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
Sentaro Imamura, Shintaro Narita, Ryuta Nishikomori, Hiroshi Tsuruta, Kazuyuki Numakura, Atsushi Maeno, Mitsuru Saito, Takamitsu Inoue, Norihiko Tsuchiya, Hiroshi Nanjo, Toshio Heike, Shigeru Satoh, Tomonori Habuchi
BACKGROUND: Secondary bladder amyloidosis is an extremely rare disease, resulting from a chronic systematic inflammatory disorder associated with amyloid deposits. Although uncommon in Japan, familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a hereditary autoinflammatory disease characterized by recurrent episodes of fever of short duration and serositis and is frequently associated with systemic amyloidosis. Here, we present a case of a Japanese patient complaining of fever and macroscopic hematuria after a living donor renal transplantation...
October 19, 2016: BMC Research Notes
Undraga Schagdarsurengin, Lisa M Teuchert, Christina Hagenkötter, Nils Nesheim, Temuujin Dansranjavin, Hans-Christian Schuppe, Sabrina Gies, Adrian Pilatz, Wolfgang Weidner, Florian M E Wagenlehner
: Background/Aims/Objectives: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) has detrimental effects on the quality of life including the aspect of sexual dysfunction. The aim of the study was to identify if there was an adverse effect on the male genital compartment and if there are systemic or compartment-specific local signals for epigenetic dysregulation of inflammatory factors in CP/CPPS patients. METHODS: One hundred five NIH IIIb CP/CPPS patients and 41 healthy men were recruited and underwent investigations of urines, semen and blood...
October 20, 2016: Urologia Internationalis
Gen Sugawara, Yukihiro Yokoyama, Tomoki Ebata, Takashi Mizuno, Tetsuya Yagi, Masahiko Ando, Masato Nagino
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the optimal duration of antimicrobial prophylaxis in patients undergoing "complicated"' major hepatectomy with extrahepatic bile duct resection. BACKGROUND: To date, 4 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have assessed the duration of antimicrobial prophylaxis after hepatectomy. However, all of these previous studies involved only "simple" hepatectomy without extrahepatic bile duct resection. METHODS: Patients with suspected hilar obstruction scheduled to undergo complicated hepatectomy after biliary drainage were randomized to 2-day (antibiotic treatment on days 1 and 2) or 4-day (on days 1 to 4) groups...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Giovanni Cimmino, Francesco S Loffredo, Alberto Morello, Saverio D Elia, Raffaele De Palma, Plinio Cirillo, Paolo Golino
In the last twenty years, our comprehension of the molecular mechanisms involved in formation, progression and complication of atherosclerotic plaque has advanced significantly and the main role of inflammation and immunity in this phenomenon is now largely accepted. Accumulating evidence highlight the crucial role of different inflammatory and immune cells, such as monocytes and T-lymphocytes, in the pathophysiology of atherosclerotic lesion, particularly in contributing to its complications, such as rupture or ulceration...
October 13, 2016: Current Cardiology Reviews
Cong Ming-Hua, Zou Bao-Hua, Yu Lei
Anorexia cancer cachexia syndrome is prevalent in advanced cancer patients, which is featured by anorexia, decreased dietary intake, body weight loss (skeletal muscle mass loss), and unable to be reversed by routine nutritional support therapy. Up to now, the main mechanisms involved in cancer cachexia include excessive systemic inflammation, which is represented by increased plasma levels of IL-1, IL-6, TNF-alpha, tumor-induced factors, such as PIF and LMF. These factors eventually act on orexigenic and anorexigenic neurons located in hypothalamus or protein and lipid metabolism of peripheral tissues, which lead to anorexia, decreased dietary intake, enhanced basic metabolism rate and hyper catabolism...
October 18, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Petra Rust, Cem Ekmekcioglu
Excessive dietary salt (sodium chloride) intake is associated with an increased risk for hypertension, which in turn is especially a major risk factor for stroke and other cardiovascular pathologies, but also kidney diseases. Besides, high salt intake or preference for salty food is discussed to be positive associated with stomach cancer, and according to recent studies probably also obesity risk. On the other hand a reduction of dietary salt intake leads to a considerable reduction in blood pressure, especially in hypertensive patients but to a lesser extent also in normotensives as several meta-analyses of interventional studies have shown...
October 19, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Lovish Marwaha, Yashika Bansal, Raghunath Singh, Priyanka Saroj, Ranjana Bhandari, Anurag Kuhad
Neuropathic pain is a debilitating disease which affects central as well as peripheral nervous system. Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are ligand-gated ion channels that detect physical and chemical stimuli and promote painful sensations via nociceptor activation. TRP channels have physiological role in the mechanisms controlling several physiological responses like temperature and mechanical sensations, response to painful stimuli, taste, and pheromones. TRP channel family involves six different TRPs (TRPV1, TRPV2, TRPV3, TRPV4, TRPM8, and TRPA1) which are expressed in pain sensing neurons and primary afferent nociceptors...
October 18, 2016: Inflammopharmacology
Chun-Yuan Lee, Calvin M Kunin, Chung Chang, Susan Shin-Jung Lee, Yao-Shen Chen, Hung-Chin Tsai
BACKGROUND: Cellulitis is a common infectious disease. Although blood culture is frequently used in the diagnosis and subsequent treatment of cellulitis, it is a contentious diagnostic test. To help clinicians determine which patients should undergo blood culture for the management of cellulitis, a diagnostic scoring system referred to as the Bacteremia Score of Cellulitis was developed. METHODS: Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed as part of a retrospective cohort study of all adults diagnosed with cellulitis in a tertiary teaching hospital in Taiwan in 2013...
October 19, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Myung-Shik Lee
Low-grade systemic inflammation in adipose tissues or liver, is an important etiologic factor in insulin resistance. LPS is an important element causing such metabolic inflammation, and intestinal flora is considered a major source of systemic LPS. We studied changes of intestinal microbiota associated with high-fat diet (HFD) that causes insulin resistance and metabolic stress. 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed that HFD significantly decreased the abundance of a mucin-degrading bacterium Akkermansia muciniphila compared to control diet...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"