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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511239/-importance-of-work-and-employment-in-the-treatment-of-people-with-mental-illness
#1
Uta Gühne, Janine Stein, Michaela Schwarzbach, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
Exclusion of individuals with mental disorders is common, especially exclusion from the work force. This paper investigates the role of work and the reintegration into the workforce of patients with mental illness from the mental health professional's perspective. Within a qualitative study design, 44 mental health professionals from different settings and regions in Germany were interviewed. The material was transcribed verbatim and a content analysis was conducted. It can be shown that work and inclusion in the workforce is an important topic and that occupational status is discussed early in the treatment process...
May 16, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492448/drivers-and-barriers-for-adopting-accreditation-at-local-health-departments-for-their-performance-improvement-effort
#2
Sandra S Liu, Beth Meyerson, Jerry King, Yuehwern Yih, Mina Ostovari
CONTEXT: A national system of voluntary public health accreditation for state, local, and tribal health departments (local health departments [LHDs]) is part of a movement that aims to improve public health performance with ultimate impact on population health outcomes. Indiana is a good setting for the study of LHD accreditation adoption because several LHDs reported de-adopting accreditation in a recent statewide survey and because 71% of Indiana counties serve populations of 50 000 or less...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489219/appraisal-of-levels-and-patterns-of-occupational-exposure-to-1-3-butadiene
#3
Alberto Scarselli, Marisa Corfiati, Davide Di Marzi, Sergio Iavicoli
Objectives 1,3-butadiene is classified as carcinogenic to human by inhalation and the association with leukemia has been observed in several epidemiological studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate data about occupational exposure levels to 1,3-butadiene in the Italian working force. Methods Airborne concentrations of 1,3-butadiene were extracted from the Italian database on occupational exposure to carcinogens in the period 1996-2015. Descriptive statistics were calculated for exposure-related variables...
May 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486343/fractional-exhaled-nitric-oxide-feno-and-spirometry-as-indicators-of-inhalation-exposure-to-chemical-agents-in-pathology-workers
#4
Ritsuko Arakawa Suzuki, Toshiya Irokawa, Hiromasa Ogawa, Shinya Ohkouchi, Masao Tabata, Susumu Togashi, Takeshi Nakamura, Noriko Ohisa, Etsuhiro Nikkuni, Emiri Miura, Kaoru Yoshida, Hiroshi Inomata, Hajime Kurosawa
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine whether fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and spirometry can be used as indices to evaluate adverse health effects of low-concentrated chemical inhalation exposure, mainly to formaldehyde. METHODS: Thirty-three subjects (pathology technicians) and 30 controls (workers without handling any chemicals in the same hospitals) participated in this study. All participants underwent FeNO measurement and spirometry before and after 5 days of work...
May 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482274/native-immigrant-occupational-segregation-and-worker-health-in-the-united-states-2004-2014
#5
Wen Fan, Yue Qian
Immigrant workers are a growing share of the U.S. labor force and are overrepresented in certain occupations. This much is well documented, yet few studies have examined the consequences of this division of labor between foreign-born and native-born workers. This research focuses on one of the consequences of occupational segregation-worker health. We merge data from the 2004-2014 National Health Interview Surveys with occupational-level data from the Occupational Information Network 20.1 database and the American Community Surveys to examine the relationship between occupational segregation and health...
April 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475902/longitudinal-associations-of-experiences-of-adversity-and-socioeconomic-disadvantage-during-childhood-with-labour-force-participation-and-exit-in-later-adulthood
#6
A E Fahy, S A Stansfeld, M Smuk, D Lain, M van der Horst, S Vickerstaff, C Clark
The Extending Working Lives (EWL) agenda seeks to sustain employment up to and beyond traditional retirement ages. This study examined the potential role of childhood factors in shaping labour force participation and exit among older adults, with a view to informing proactive interventions early in the life-course to enhance individuals' future capacity for extending their working lives. Childhood adversity and socioeconomic disadvantage have previously been linked to ill-health across the life-span and sickness benefit in early adulthood...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454882/new-frontiers-for-environmental-epidemiology-in-a-changing-world
#7
Cathryn Tonne, Xavier Basagaña, Basile Chaix, Maud Huynen, Perry Hystad, Tim S Nawrot, Remy Slama, Roel Vermeulen, Jennifer Weuve, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen
BACKGROUND: In the next 25years, transformative changes, in particular the rapid pace of technological development and data availability, will require environmental epidemiologists to prioritize what should (rather than could) be done to most effectively improve population health. OBJECTIVES: In this essay, we map out key driving forces that will shape environmental epidemiology in the next 25years. We also identify how the field should adapt to best take advantage of coming opportunities and prepare for challenges...
April 25, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446847/knowledge-experiences-and-training-needs-of-health-professionals-about-disaster-preparedness-and-response-in-southwest-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Negalign Berhanu, Hailay Abrha, Yohannes Ejigu, Kifle Woldemichael
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, the magnitude and intensity of disasters have been vividly rising globally due to the forces of nature or man. This study aimed at assessing the perceived knowledge, experiences and training needs of health professionals regarding disasters, their prevention and management in Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia. METHODS: An institution based cross-sectional survey was conducted on 377 health professionals taken from 9 randomly selected districts out of 18...
September 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439383/the-association-between-quality-of-sleep-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-military-and-non-military-women-in-tehran-iran
#9
Narges Roustaei, Hajar Jamali, Mohammad Reza Jamali, Pegah Nourshargh, Jamshid Jamali
OBJECTIVES: Quality of sleep (QoS) in individuals is affected by their occupation and is one of the factors affecting the quality of life (QoL). Few studies have evaluated the relationship between QoS and QoL in military women personnel. The aim of this study was to assess QoL and QoS, and compare their relationship among military and non-military women in Tehran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 90 women working in Tehran during 2014, 30 were military forces, 30 were military staff, and 30 were civilian organizations staff...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439181/perspective-hope-for-health-equity
#10
EDITORIAL
George Rust
Times like these test the soul. We are now working for health equity in a time of overt, aggressive opposition. Yet, hope in the face of overwhelming obstacles is the force that has driven most of the world's progress toward equity and justice. Operationalizing real-world hope requires an affirmative vision, an expectation of success, broad coalitions taking action cohesively, and frequent measures of collective impact to drive rapid-cycle improvement.
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428673/migrant-general-practitioners-experiences-of-using-interpreters-in-health-care-a-qualitative-explorative-study
#11
Ferid Krupic, Kristian Samuelsson, Nabi Fatahi, Olof Skoldenberg, Arkan S Sayed-Noor
BACKGROUND: According to the UNHCR, 250 million people currently live outside their country of birth. The growing multicultural population poses a major challenge to healthcare professionals who aim to provide individualized, holistic care, which respects the individual's autonomy. To ensure basic rights, healthcare interventions should be guided by the value of benefiting others; individuals should be treated honestly, equally, and impartially. OBJECTIVE: To investigate immigrant doctors' experiences of using interpreters in the Swedish health-care system...
February 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420131/work-characteristics-associated-with-physical-functioning-in-women
#12
Aimee J Palumbo, Anneclaire J De Roos, Carolyn Cannuscio, Lucy Robinson, Jana Mossey, Julie Weitlauf, Lorena Garcia, Robert Wallace, Yvonne Michael
Women make up almost half of the labor force with older women becoming a growing segment of the population. Work characteristics influence physical functioning and women are at particular risk for physical limitations. However, little research has explored the effects of work characteristics on women's physical functioning. U.S. women between the ages of 50 and 79 were enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study between 1993 and 1998. Women provided job titles and years worked at their three longest-held jobs (n = 79,147)...
April 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414407/medical-student-teaching-and-recruiting-50-years-of-balancing-two-educational-aims
#13
Benjamin N Schneider, Alexander Chessman, William Toffler, Lara Handler, Beat Steiner, Frances Emily Biagioli
Family medicine (FM) undergraduate medical educators have had two distinct missions, to increase the knowledge, skills, and attitudes of all students while also striving to attract students to the field of family medicine. A five decade literature search was conducted gathering FM curricular innovations and the parallel trends in FM medical student interest. Student interest in FM had a rapid first-decade rise to 14%, a second 1990's surge, followed by a drop to the current plateau of 8-9%. This falls far short of the 30-50% generalist benchmark needed to fill the country's health care needs...
April 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404791/the-effect-of-organic-dust-exposure-on-long-term-change-in-lung-function-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Anneli Cs Bolund, Martin R Miller, Torben Sigsgaard, Vivi Schlünssen
Lung function is a predictor of morbidity and mortality, and the chronic nature of lung function decline allows for preventive initiatives. Proinflammatory constituents of organic dust are considered a possible cause of compromised respiratory health. The aim of this systematic review was to reveal the impact of organic dust exposure on long-term change in lung function. The literature search was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) criteria...
April 12, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403852/health-workers-perceptions-and-attitude-about-ghana-s-preparedness-towards-preventing-containing-and-managing-ebola-virus-disease
#15
Philip Baba Adongo, Philip Teg-Nefaah Tabong, Emmanuel Asampong, Joana Ansong, Magda Robalo, Richard M Adanu
BACKGROUND: Ebola virus is highly infectious and the disease can be very fatal. The World Health Organization has declared the 2014-2015 Ebola Virus Disease outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. In response to this, preparations were made in various health facilities and entry points across Ghana. This study explored health workers perceptions, and attitude about Ghana's preparedness towards preventing and containing Ebola Virus Disease. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study in five (5) of the ten (10) regions in Ghana...
April 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403499/psychische-belastungsfaktoren-in-der-arbeitswelt-modelle-und-pr%C3%A3-vention
#16
Florian Junne, Monika Rieger, Martina Michaelis, Christoph Nikendei, Harald Gündel, Stephan Zipfel, Eva Rothermund
Psycho-mental stressors and increased perceived stress in workplace settings may determine the onset and course of stress-related mental and psychosomatic disorders. For the description of psycho-mental stressors three distinct models have widely been used in the analyses of the matter: the Demand-Control-Model by Karasek and Theorell, the Effort-Reward-Imbalance Model by Siegrist, and the Model of Organisational Justice.The interactional or social dimension in work-place settings can be seen as a cross-sectional dimension to the above mentioned models...
April 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399932/guideline-recommendations-for-diagnosis-and-clinical-management-of-ring14-syndrome-first-report-of-an-ad-hoc-task-force
#17
REVIEW
Berardo Rinaldi, Alessandro Vaisfeld, Sergio Amarri, Chiara Baldo, Giuseppe Gobbi, Pamela Magini, Erto Melli, Giovanni Neri, Francesca Novara, Tommaso Pippucci, Romana Rizzi, Annarosa Soresina, Laura Zampini, Orsetta Zuffardi, Marco Crimi
BACKGROUND: Ring chromosome 14 syndrome is a rare chromosomal disorder characterized by early onset refractory epilepsy, intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorder and a number of diverse health issues. RESULTS: The aim of this work is to provide recommendations for the diagnosis and management of persons affected by ring chromosome 14 syndrome based on evidence from literature and experience of health professionals from different medical backgrounds who have followed for several years subjects affected by ring chromosome 14 syndrome...
April 11, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397017/influence-of-an-interdisciplinary-re-employment-programme-among-unemployed-persons-with-mental-health-problems-on-health-social-participation-and-paid-employment
#18
Bouwine E Carlier, Merel Schuring, Alex Burdorf
Purpose To evaluate the influence of an interdisciplinary re-employment programme on labour force participation and perceived health among unemployed persons with common mental health problems. In addition, the influence of entering paid employment on self-rated physical health and mental health was investigated. Methods In this quasi-experimental study with 2 years follow up, 869 persons were enrolled after referral to an interdisciplinary re-employment programme (n = 380) or regular re-employment programme (n = 489)...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395536/conceptualizing-the-driving-forces-for-successful-rehabilitation-back-to-work
#19
Bodil J Landstad, Yvonne Åhrberg
BACKGROUND: An earlier study states that the terms of desire, longing, and vanity carry with them ideas, emotions, and values that influence how individuals perceive themselves and their rehabilitation process. Our aim was (1) to use concept analysis to explore the meaning of the terms desire, longing, and vanity and (2) to investigate the potential role of these concepts in successful rehabilitation back to work. METHODS: To achieve these two objectives, we used a model of concept analysis...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395310/national-estimates-of-exposure-to-formaldehyde-in-italian-workplaces
#20
Alberto Scarselli, Marisa Corfiati, Davide Di Marzio, Sergio Iavicoli
Purpose: Formaldehyde is classified as human carcinogen and the association with nasopharyngeal cancer has been observed in many epidemiological studies. The aim of this study is to evaluate data about occupational exposure levels to formaldehyde in the Italian working force. Methods: Airborne concentrations of formaldehyde were extracted from the Italian database on occupational exposure to carcinogens and refer to the period 1996-2014. Descriptive statistics were calculated for exposure-related variables...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
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