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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625288/no-96-the-reproductive-care-of-women-living-with-hepatitis-c-infection
#1
Marc Boucher, Andrée Gruslin
OBJECTIVE: hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an increasingly important public health problem worldwide. Health care workers providing care to women of childbearing age are uniquely placed in their practices to identify a significant proportion of at-risk patients and to provide appropriate screening and counselling. The primary objective of this guideline is to provide accurate, current information to those offering reproductive care to women living with HCV. This document is also intended to raise awareness of HCV in both the medical and general populations...
July 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625286/no-345-primary-dysmenorrhea-consensus-guideline
#2
Margaret Burnett, Madeleine Lemyre
OBJECTIVE: This guideline reviews the investigation and treatment of primary dysmenorrhea. INTENDED USERS: Health care providers. TARGET POPULATION: Women and adolescents experiencing menstrual pain for which no underlying cause has been identified. EVIDENCE: Published clinical trials, population studies, and review articles cited in PubMed or the Cochrane database from January 2005 to March 2016. VALIDATION METHODS: Seven clinical questions were generated by the authors and reviewed by the SOGC Clinical Practice-Gynaecology Committee...
July 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622487/an-integrated-model-of-chronic-whiplash-associated-disorder
#3
David M Walton, James M Elliott
Synopsis The development of persistent symptoms following whiplash injury from a motor vehicle collision (MVC) is common and contributes substantially to societal and personal costs. The popular Quebec Task Force (QTF) classification system of whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) was meant to function as a prognostic and intervention decision aid, but its usefulness has been questioned. Emerging evidence highlights the heterogeneity of WAD by demonstrating physical and psychological impairments that are unique to those who develop persistent symptoms...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609619/high-efficiency-transparent-reusable-and-active-pm2-5-filters-by-hierarchical-ag-nanowire-percolation-network
#4
Seongmin Jeong, Hyunmin Cho, Seonggeun Han, Phillip Won, Habeom Lee, Sukjoon Hong, Junyeob Yeo, Jinhyeong Kwon, Seung Hwan Ko
Air quality has become a major public health issue in Asia including China, Korea, and India. Particulate matters are the major concern in air quality. We present the first environmental application demonstration of Ag nanowire percolation network for a novel, electrical type transparent, reusable, and active PM2.5 air filter although the Ag nanowire percolation network has been studied as a very promising transparent conductor in optoelectronics. Compared with previous particulate matter air filter study using relatively weaker short-range intermolecular force in polar polymeric nanofiber, Ag nanowire percolation network filters use stronger long-range electrostatic force to capture PM2...
June 13, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594480/comparison-of-drug-benefits-provided-by-veterans-affairs-canada-and-the-canadian-forces-health-services-group
#5
Matthew Chow, Charles J Wicks, Janice Ma, Sylvain Grenier
BACKGROUND: Drug benefits are provided at public expense to all actively serving Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) personnel, with ongoing drug coverage offered by Veterans Affairs Canada (VAC) for selected conditions following termination of employment. Differences in drug coverage between these programs could introduce risks for treatment disruption. OBJECTIVES: Work was undertaken to establish a process that would allow systematic comparison of the entire VAC and CAF formularies, and to identify and explain discordant listings in 14 therapeutic categories that pose risk of adverse outcomes with sudden treatment interruption...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593072/recovery-and-return-to-work-after-a-pelvic-fracture
#6
Antonios N Papasotiriou, Nikolaos Prevezas, Konstantinos Krikonis, Evangelos C Alexopoulos
BACKGROUND: Pelvic ring fractures (PRFs) may influence the daily activities and quality of life of the injured. The aim of this retrospective study was to explore the functional outcomes and factors related to return to work (RTW) after PRF. METHODS: During the years 2003-2012, 282 injured individuals aged 20-55 years on the date of the accident, were hospitalized and treated for PRFs in a large tertiary hospital in Athens, Greece. One hundred and three patients were traced and contacted; 77 who were on paid employment prior to the accident gave their informed consent to participate in the survey, which was conducted in early 2015 through telephone interviews...
June 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587219/in-vitro-study-of-the-metabolic-characteristics-of-eight-isoquinoline-alkaloids-from-natural-plants-in-rat-gut-microbiota
#7
Chi-Yu He, Jie Fu, Jia-Wen Shou, Zhen-Xiong Zhao, Long Ren, Yan Wang, Jian-Dong Jiang
Gut microbiota is populated with an immense number of microorganisms, which can be regulated by dietary components and drugs to markedly affect the nutritional and health status of the host. Eight medicinal isoquinoline alkaloids from natural plants were cultured anaerobically with rat gut microbiota and an LC/MS(n)-IT-TOF technique was used to identify the resulting metabolites. Palmatine, tetrahydropalmatine, dauricine, and tetrandrine containing nitro-hexatomic isoquinoline rings could be easily transformed by the intestinal flora in vitro and a total of nine demethylated metabolites were detected...
June 4, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584321/occupational-exposure-to-electromagnetic-fields-in-the-polish-armed-forces
#8
Jaromir Sobiech, Jarosław Kieliszek, Robert Puta, Dagmara Bartczak, Wanda Stankiewicz
OBJECTIVES: Standard devices used by military personnel that may pose electromagnetic hazard include: radars, missile systems, radio navigation systems and radio transceivers. The aim of this study has been to evaluate the exposure of military personnel to electromagnetic fields. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields was analyzed in the work environment of personnel of 204 devices divided into 5 groups (surface-to-air missile system radars, aircraft and helicopters, communication devices, surveillance and height finder radars, airport radars and radio navigation systems)...
April 28, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583093/physical-working-conditions-as-covered-in-european-monitoring-questionnaires
#9
Tore Tynes, Cecilie Aagestad, Sannie Vester Thorsen, Lars Louis Andersen, Merja Perkio-Makela, Francisco Javier Pinilla García, Luz Galiana Blanco, Greet Vermeylen, Agnes Parent-Thirion, Wendela Hooftman, Irene Houtman, Falk Liebers, Hermann Burr, Maren Formazin
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of workers with demanding physical working conditions in the European work force remains high, and occupational physical exposures are considered important risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders (MSD), a major burden for both workers and society. Exposures to physical workloads are therefore part of the European nationwide surveys to monitor working conditions and health. An interesting question is to what extent the same domains, dimensions and items referring to the physical workloads are covered in the surveys...
June 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571269/effect-of-pre-procedural-chair-side-finger-stretches-on-pinch-strength-amongst-dental-cohort-a-biomechanical-study
#10
Ninad Milind Padhye, Ashvini Mukul Padhye, Himani Swatantrakumar Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Ergonomics is the essential principle behind the health and successful practice for a dentist and dental hygienist. During the procedure of dental Scaling and Root Planing (SRP), a high level of pinch force is exerted by the finger muscles resulting in early muscle fatigue. AIM: This pilot study comparatively evaluated the Pinch Strength (PS) of the finger muscles, prior to and after SRP, amongst dental cohort performing chair-side hand and finger stretches to those not performing the same...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559681/international-human-rights-and-the-mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth
#11
Rajat Khosla, Christina Zampas, Joshua P Vogel, Meghan A Bohren, Mindy Roseman, Joanna N Erdman
International human rights bodies have played a critical role in codifying, setting standards, and monitoring human rights violations in the context of sexual and reproductive health and rights. In recent years, these institutions have developed and applied human rights standards in the more particular context of maternal mortality and morbidity, and have increasingly recognized a critical human rights issue in the provision and experience of care during and after pregnancy, including during childbirth. However, the international human rights standards on mistreatment during facility-based childbirth remain, in an early stage of development, focused largely on a discrete subset of experiences, such as forced sterilization and lack of access to emergency obstetric care...
December 2016: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554498/addressing-refugee-health-through-evidence-based-policies-a%C3%A2-case%C3%A2-study
#12
Heike Thiel de Bocanegra, Olivia Carter-Pokras, J David Ingleby, Kevin Pottie, Nedelina Tchangalova, Sophia I Allen, Julie Smith-Gagen, Bertha Hidalgo
The cumulative total of persons forced to leave their country for fear of persecution or organized violence reached an unprecedented 24.5 million by the end of 2015. Providing equitable access to appropriate health services for these highly diverse newcomers poses challenges for receiving countries. In this case study, we illustrate the importance of translating epidemiology into policy to address the health needs of refugees by highlighting examples of what works as well as identifying important policy-relevant gaps in knowledge...
May 12, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548613/recommendations-for-research-on-suicide-loss-a-commentary
#13
Robert A Neimeyer, Julie Cerel, Myfanwy Maple
As detailed in the lead article in this Special Issue, the Survivors of Suicide Loss Task Force of the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention in the United States has recently worked to formulate national guidelines to mitigate the harmful after-effects of suicide in social and family systems. In the present article, we elaborate on one of four strategic directions addressed by the Task Force, namely the development of goals and objectives for surveillance, research and evaluation of the impact of suicide loss...
May 26, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541869/teaming-up-for-asthma-control-epr-3-compliant-school-program-in-missouri-is-effective-and-cost-efficient
#14
Benjamin Francisco, Tammy Rood, Rebekah Nevel, Paul Foreman, Sherri Homan
INTRODUCTION: Teaming Up for Asthma Control (TUAC) is a work force development intervention to improve asthma control among children by increasing the competency of school nurses and delivering guideline-based education. We hypothesized that the knowledge and skills of participating school nurses would improve and that this change would positively affect students' asthma health and reduce health care utilization cost. METHODS: Asthma education for school nurses was provided online in a pretest/posttest format or in instructor-led groups...
May 25, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538436/how-electronic-health-records-can-unmask-the-hidden-value-of-pas
#15
Folusho Ogunfiditimi, Scott P Sherry, Monica Foote, Sarah L Christie, Lisa P Shock, James Cawley, Aaron Browne
The Fee for Value (FFV) Task Force, a subgroup of the American Academy of PAs' Research and Strategic Initiatives Commission, has examined tools and mechanisms aimed at better clarifying the volume and value of PA work and how that work contributes to improving access to high-quality care. Establishing the value of PAs has been a challenging task for many healthcare providers. Often, PA value has been defined by their clinical productivity, without any clear direction as to what constitutes value versus productivity...
June 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538317/effects-of-inertial-setting-on-power-force-work-and-eccentric-overload-during-flywheel-resistance-exercise-in-women-and-men
#16
Luis M Martinez-Aranda, Rodrigo Fernandez-Gonzalo
Exercise load is a key component in determining end-point adaptations to resistance exercise. Yet, there is no information regarding the use of different inertia (i.e., loads) during isoinertial flywheel resistance exercise, a very popular high-intensity training model. Thus, this study examined power, work, force, and eccentric overload produced during flywheel resistance exercise with different inertial settings in men and women. Twenty-two women (n = 11) and men (n = 11) performed unilateral (in both legs) isolated concentric (CON) and coupled CON and eccentric (ECC) exercise in a flywheel knee extension device employing 6 inertias (0...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511239/-importance-of-work-and-employment-in-the-treatment-of-people-with-mental-illness
#17
Uta Gühne, Janine Stein, Michaela Schwarzbach, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
Exclusion of individuals with mental disorders is common, especially exclusion from the work force. This paper investigates the role of work and the reintegration into the workforce of patients with mental illness from the mental health professional's perspective. Within a qualitative study design, 44 mental health professionals from different settings and regions in Germany were interviewed. The material was transcribed verbatim and a content analysis was conducted. It can be shown that work and inclusion in the workforce is an important topic and that occupational status is discussed early in the treatment process...
May 16, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492448/drivers-and-barriers-for-adopting-accreditation-at-local-health-departments-for-their-performance-improvement-effort
#18
Sandra S Liu, Beth Meyerson, Jerry King, Yuehwern Yih, Mina Ostovari
CONTEXT: A national system of voluntary public health accreditation for state, local, and tribal health departments (local health departments [LHDs]) is part of a movement that aims to improve public health performance with ultimate impact on population health outcomes. Indiana is a good setting for the study of LHD accreditation adoption because several LHDs reported de-adopting accreditation in a recent statewide survey and because 71% of Indiana counties serve populations of 50 000 or less...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489219/appraisal-of-levels-and-patterns-of-occupational-exposure-to-1-3-butadiene
#19
Alberto Scarselli, Marisa Corfiati, Davide Di Marzi, Sergio Iavicoli
Objectives 1,3-butadiene is classified as carcinogenic to human by inhalation and the association with leukemia has been observed in several epidemiological studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate data about occupational exposure levels to 1,3-butadiene in the Italian working force. Methods Airborne concentrations of 1,3-butadiene were extracted from the Italian database on occupational exposure to carcinogens in the period 1996-2015. Descriptive statistics were calculated for exposure-related variables...
May 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486343/fractional-exhaled-nitric-oxide-feno-and-spirometry-as-indicators-of-inhalation-exposure-to-chemical-agents-in-pathology-workers
#20
Ritsuko Arakawa Suzuki, Toshiya Irokawa, Hiromasa Ogawa, Shinya Ohkouchi, Masao Tabata, Susumu Togashi, Takeshi Nakamura, Noriko Ohisa, Etsuhiro Nikkuni, Emiri Miura, Kaoru Yoshida, Hiroshi Inomata, Hajime Kurosawa
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine whether fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and spirometry can be used as indices to evaluate adverse health effects of low-concentrated chemical inhalation exposure, mainly to formaldehyde. METHODS: Thirty-three subjects (pathology technicians) and 30 controls (workers without handling any chemicals in the same hospitals) participated in this study. All participants underwent FeNO measurement and spirometry before and after 5 days of work...
May 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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