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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931576/partnerships-for-global-child-health
#1
REVIEW
Andrew P Steenhoff, Heather L Crouse, Heather Lukolyo, Charles P Larson, Cynthia Howard, Loeto Mazhani, Suzinne Pak-Gorstein, Michelle L Niescierenko, Philippa Musoke, Roseda Marshall, Miguel A Soto, Sabrina M Butteris, Maneesh Batra
Child mortality remains a global health challenge and has resulted in demand for expanding the global child health (GCH) workforce over the last 3 decades. Institutional partnerships are the cornerstone of sustainable education, research, clinical service, and advocacy for GCH. When successful, partnerships can become self-sustaining and support development of much-needed training programs in resource-constrained settings. Conversely, poorly conceptualized, constructed, or maintained partnerships may inadvertently contribute to the deterioration of health systems...
September 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930300/assessment-of-shoulder-and-low-back-muscle-activity-of-male-kitchen-workers-using-surface-electromyography
#2
Shankar Subramaniam, Shanmugam Murugesan, Srinivasan Jayaraman
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess muscle fatigue for kitchen workers during various tasks in a kitchen. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study consists of 2 phases: a) surface electromyography (EMG) to determine muscle fatigue of trapezius and erector spinae muscles bilaterally for 12 healthy male volunteers during 30 min of Indian flatbread (chapati) preparation, b) self-administered questionnaire study after 30 min preparation to determine the impact on performance...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927408/paramedical-staffs-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-antimicrobial-resistance-in-dire-dawa-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Belay Tafa, Adugna Endale, Desalegn Bekele
BACKGROUND: The continuing emergence, development and spread of pathogenic organisms that are resistant to antimicrobials are a cause of increasing concern. The control of antimicrobial resistance requires knowledge of factors causing antimicrobial resistance, good attitudes towards the intervention strategies as well as changes in antibiotic prescribing behavior of health workers. Hence, this study was aimed to assess paramedical staffs' knowledge and attitudes towards antimicrobial resistance and their antibiotics prescription practices in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia...
September 19, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926009/improving-the-delivery-of-veterinary-services-in-africa-insights-from-the-empirical-application-of-transaction-costs-theory-in-uganda-and-kenya
#4
J Ilukor
This paper presents a summary of findings from a research project that examined institutional arrangements for providing animal health services in Uganda and Kenya. Given the need to find solutions to the pervasive governance challenges encountered in the delivery of veterinary services in Africa, the study applied transaction economics theory to generate recommendations on how to improve the delivery of these services and minimise livestock production risks, including those that pose a risk to human health, e...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914325/night-work-long-work-weeks-and-risk-of-accidental-injuries-a-register-based-study
#5
Ann D Larsen, Harald Hannerz, Simone V Møller, Johnny Dyreborg, Jens Peter Bonde, Johnni Hansen, Henrik A Kolstad, Åse Marie Hansen, Anne Helene Garde
Objectives The aims of this study were to (i) investigate the association between night work or long work weeks and the risk of accidental injuries and (ii) test if the association is affected by age, sex or socioeconomic status. Methods The study population was drawn from the Danish version of the European Labour Force Survey from 1999-2013. The current study was based on 150 438 participants (53% men and 47% women). Data on accidental injuries were obtained at individual level from national health registers...
September 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900770/how-regularities-of-mortality-statistics-explain-why-we-age-despite-having-potentially-ageless-somatic-stem-cells
#6
Alexander V Khalyavkin, Vyacheslav N Krut'ko
Researchers working in the area of ageing have found numerous manifestations of this process at the molecular biological level, including DNA and protein damage, accumulation of metabolic by-products, lipids peroxidation, macromolecular cross-linking, non-enzymatic glycosylation, anti-oxidant/pro-oxidant misbalance, rising of pro-inflammatory cytokines, etc. This results in an increase in the proportion of cells in growth arrest, reduction of the rate of information processing, metabolic rate decrease, and decrease in rates of other processes characterizing dynamic aspects of the organism's interaction with its environment...
September 12, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898969/job-specific-mandatory-medical-examinations-for-the-police-force
#7
J S Boschman, C T J Hulshof, M H W Frings-Dresen, J K Sluiter
Background: Mandatory medical examinations (MMEs) of workers should be based on the health and safety requirements that are needed for effectively performing the relevant work. For police personnel in the Netherlands, no job-specific MME exists that takes the specific tasks and duties into account. Aims: To provide the Dutch National Police with a knowledge base for job-specific MMEs for police personnel that will lead to equitable decisions from an occupational health perspective about who can perform police duties...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898968/systematic-review-factors-associated-with-return-to-work-in-burnout
#8
R Kärkkäinen, T Saaranen, S Hiltunen, O P Ryynänen, K Räsänen
Background: Professional burnout predicts sick leave and even permanent withdrawal from the labour force. However, knowledge of the barriers to and facilitators of return to work (RTW) in such burnout is limited. Aims: To identify factors associated with RTW of burned-out individuals to inform occupational health care (OHC) RTW policy. Methods: A systematic search of peer-reviewed quantitative and mixed-method studies published from January 2005 to July 2016 in English and Finnish in ARTO, CINAHL (EBSCO), Medic, PsycINFO (ProQuest), PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases, followed by a manual search...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890352/social-cognitive-aspects-of-the-participation-in-workplace-health-promotion-as-revealed-by-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#9
Stefan Röttger, Johanna Maier, Larissa Krex-Brinkmann, Jens T Kowalski, Annika Krick, Jörg Felfe, Michael Stein
Health-promoting efforts strongly depend on individual cognitions such as attitudes as well as social cognitive aspects of the work environment such as leadership and support. Using the theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a theoretical frame, participation behavior of employees in courses offered by the workplace health promotion (WHP) program of the German Armed Forces was investigated. Social cognitive aspects of the work environment, such as leadership behaviors by setting an example or optimizing organization of work, were included in the TPB components of subjective norm and perceived behavioral control, which allowed for an investigation of the specific effects of leadership on WHP participation...
September 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889161/employers-viewpoint-on-clinical-education
#10
Christopher W O'Brien, Roy Anderson, Benjamin Ayzenberg, Patricia Chute, Tracy Farnsworth, Robert McLaughlin, Barbara Romig, Yasmen Samonian, Jacquelyn Sample, Troy Tynsky, Barbara Wallace, Marcie Weinstein, Julie O'Sullivan Maillet
ISSUE: This qualitative study gathered the opinions of healthcare employers to better understand the importance, benefits, obstacles, and evolving issues related to allied health (AH) clinical education from the employers' perspective, with the goal to identify opportunities to strengthen and improve clinical-educational partnerships. METHOD: Member deans of the Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions (ASAHP) provided names and contact information of employers that routinely educate their students...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885949/assessing-military-community-support-relations-among-perceived-military-community-support-child-psychosocial-adjustment-and-parent-psychosocial-adjustment
#11
Allison M Conforte, Jennifer L Bakalar, Lisa M Shank, Jeffrey Quinlan, Mark B Stephens, Tracy Sbrocco, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff
INTRODUCTION: The emotional, cognitive, and behavioral health of the nearly two million children of military service members in the United States is important as these children play an integral role in the operational readiness of the armed forces. For example, when a service member's child experiences psychosocial difficulties, these difficulties often impact the service member's personal well-being and ability to focus at work, impairing the service member's ability to focus on the mission...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884415/criteria-for-the-definition-of-pituitary-tumor-centers-of-excellence-ptcoe-a-pituitary-society-statement
#12
Felipe F Casanueva, Ariel L Barkan, Michael Buchfelder, Anne Klibanski, Edward R Laws, Jay S Loeffler, Shlomo Melmed, Pietro Mortini, John Wass, Andrea Giustina
INTRODUCTION: With the goal of generate uniform criteria among centers dealing with pituitary tumors and to enhance patient care, the Pituitary Society decided to generate criteria for developing Pituitary Tumors Centers of Excellence (PTCOE). METHODS: To develop that task, a group of ten experts served as a Task Force and through two years of iterative work an initial draft was elaborated. This draft was discussed, modified and finally approved by the Board of Directors of the Pituitary Society...
September 7, 2017: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880618/safe-disposal-of-cytotoxic-waste-an-evaluation-of-an-air-tight-system
#13
Gemma Craig, Charlotte Wadey
A 3-month evaluation was undertaken at the Kent Oncology Centre's chemotherapy day unit (CDU) to trial an air-tight sealing disposal system for cytotoxic waste management. Research has identified the potential risk to staff who handle waste products that are hazardous to health. Staff safety was a driving force behind a trial of a new way of working. This article provides an overview of the evaluation of the Pactosafe system in one clinical area, examining reviews by oncology healthcare workers, the practicalities in the clinical setting, training, cost effectiveness and the environmental benefits...
September 7, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875581/european-guideline-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-insomnia
#14
REVIEW
Dieter Riemann, Chiara Baglioni, Claudio Bassetti, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Leja Dolenc Groselj, Jason G Ellis, Colin A Espie, Diego Garcia-Borreguero, Michaela Gjerstad, Marta Gonçalves, Elisabeth Hertenstein, Markus Jansson-Fröjmark, Poul J Jennum, Damien Leger, Christoph Nissen, Liborio Parrino, Tiina Paunio, Dirk Pevernagie, Johan Verbraecken, Hans-Günter Weeß, Adam Wichniak, Irina Zavalko, Erna S Arnardottir, Oana-Claudia Deleanu, Barbara Strazisar, Marielle Zoetmulder, Kai Spiegelhalder
This European guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of insomnia was developed by a task force of the European Sleep Research Society, with the aim of providing clinical recommendations for the management of adult patients with insomnia. The guideline is based on a systematic review of relevant meta-analyses published till June 2016. The target audience for this guideline includes all clinicians involved in the management of insomnia, and the target patient population includes adults with chronic insomnia disorder...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871848/personality-characteristics-and-individual-factors-associated-with-ptsd-in-firefighters-one-month-after-extended-wildfires
#15
Constantin Psarros, Christos Theleritis, Nikolaos Kokras, Dimitris Lyrakos, Angelos Koborozos, Olga Kakabakou, Georgios Tzanoulinos, Panagiota Katsiki, Joanna Despoina Bergiannaki
BACKGROUND: Firefighters participate in activities with intense physical and psychological stress and are constantly at risk to develop various psychopathological reactions. AIMS: To investigate psychological reactions in firefighters one month after devastating wildfires in Greece, during August 2007, which lead to the devastation of large areas and the death of 43 people among whom three were firefighters. METHODS: One month after the wildfires, a joint task force of mental health clinicians was organized in order to provide psychological support and to investigate the psychological consequences of wildfires to firefighters...
September 5, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860998/human-biomechanical-and-cardiopulmonary-responses-to-partial-gravity-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Charlotte Richter, Bjoern Braunstein, Andrew Winnard, Mona Nasser, Tobias Weber
The European Space Agency has recently announced to progress from low Earth orbit missions on the International Space Station to other mission scenarios such as exploration of the Moon or Mars. Therefore, the Moon is considered to be the next likely target for European human space explorations. Compared to microgravity (μg), only very little is known about the physiological effects of exposure to partial gravity (μg < partial gravity <1 g). However, previous research studies and experiences made during the Apollo missions comprise a valuable source of information that should be taken into account when planning human space explorations to reduced gravity environments...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858694/recent-cannabis-use-among-veterans-in-the-united-states-results-from-a-national-sample
#17
Alan K Davis, Lewei A Lin, Mark A Ilgen, Kipling M Bohnert
BACKGROUND: Compared to civilians, little is known about cannabis use among Veterans in the general United States (US) population. This study aimed to examine the prevalence and correlates of recent medical and non-medical cannabis use among this important US sub-population. METHOD: Data came from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Bivariate and multivariable analyses were conducted that were weighted to account for the complex survey design. RESULTS: Approximately 9% of Veterans in the US reported past year cannabis use...
August 18, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857687/-there-was-a-struggle-between-my-instinct-and-my-head-women-s-perception-and-experience-of-masturbation-in-contemporary-vietnam
#18
Bui Thu Huong, Pranee Liamputtong
This paper investigates how masturbation, as one form of non-coital sexual practice, is interpreted and experienced by young married women in contemporary Vietnam. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 20 professional women aged 25-40 living in Hanoi. Thematic analysis suggests that by embracing the pursuit of pleasure and aspiring to achieve this goal, many women stake a claim for modernity by promoting the idea that they are no longer traditional in this particular domain of social life...
August 31, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838279/do-resettlement-variables-predict-psychiatric-treatment-outcomes-in-a-sample-of-asylum-seeking-survivors-of-torture
#19
David Whitsett, Martin F Sherman
PURPOSE: Mental health clinicians who work with asylum seekers provide services to patients who face stressful everyday living conditions. However, little is known about how these problems potentially impact psychiatric treatment within these populations. The purpose of this study was thus to examine whether resettlement factors predict outcomes of a mental health intervention for a sample of asylum-seeking survivors of torture. METHODS: The study included data from a US outpatient clinic that specialized in treating asylum-seeking survivors of torture...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837106/positive-rates-and-factors-associated-with-abnormal-lung-function-of-greenhouse-workers-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Xiaojun Zhu, Panjun Gao, Yishuo Gu, Pei Xiao, Mengxuan Liu, Juan Chen, Yacai Cen, Wenjun Ma, Tao Li
Since the number of greenhouse workers are increasing in China, this observational cross-sectional study was designed to evaluate lung function and discuss the potential risk factors, to provide evidence in the surveillance of greenhouse workers' health. 678 greenhouse workers in Gansu Province, China were enrolled. A questionnaire which included demographic and occupational information was used. Vital capacity (VC), forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV₁), and FEV₁:FVC ratios (FEV₁/FVC), maximal expiratory flow after 50% of the FVC has not been exhaled (MEF50), maximal expiratory flow after 25% of the FVC has not been exhaled (MEF25) and maximal mid-expiratory flow curve (MMEF) were measured as lung function indicators...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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