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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349229/does-gender-inequity-increase-men-s-mortality-risk-in-the-united-states-a-multilevel-analysis-of-data-from-the-national-longitudinal-mortality-study
#1
Shane A Kavanagh, Julia M Shelley, Christopher Stevenson
A number of theoretical approaches suggest that gender inequity may give rise to health risks for men. This study undertook a multilevel analysis to ascertain if state-level measures of gender inequity are predictors of men's mortality in the United States. Data for the analysis were taken primarily from the National Longitudinal Mortality Study, which is based on a random sample of the non-institutionalised population. The full data set included 174,703 individuals nested within 50 states and had a six-year follow-up for mortality...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343954/exposure-to-environmental-tobacco-smoke-from-husband-more-strongly-impacts-on-the-airway-obstruction-of-nonsmoking-women
#2
Kazuaki Suyama, Ryo Kozu, Takako Tanaka, Yuji Ishimatsu, Terumitsu Sawai
Background: The impact of airway obstruction of nonsmoking women caused by their husband's smoking is unclear, despite the association between environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure at home and obstructive pulmonary diseases among nonsmoking women. The aim of this study was to provide evidence that ETS exposure from the husband at home has a more significant influence on the airway obstruction of nonsmoking women than other housemates. Participants and methods: Nonsmoking women aged 40 years or older were recruited from the health checkup during May 2015-December 2016, Japan...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338660/social-ecological-factors-associated-with-selling-sex-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-jamaica-results-from-a-cross-sectional-tablet-based-survey
#3
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Kathleen S Kenny, Kandasi Levermore, Nicolette Jones, Stefan D Baral, Ying Wang, Annecka Marshall, Peter A Newman
BACKGROUND: Globally, men who have sex with men (MSM) experience social marginalization and criminalization that increase HIV vulnerability by constraining access to HIV prevention and care. People who sell sex also experience criminalization, rights violations, and violence, which elevate HIV exposure. MSM who sell sex may experience intersectional stigma and intensified social marginalization, yet have largely been overlooked in epidemiological and social HIV research. In Jamaica, where same sex practices and sex work are criminalized, scant research has investigated sex selling among MSM, including associations with HIV vulnerability...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336705/-thinking-about-the-future-what-s-gonna-happen-how-young-people-in-sweden-who-neither-work-nor-study-perceive-life-experiences-in-relation-to-health-and-well-being
#4
Ulrika Lögdberg, Bo Nilsson, Catrine Kostenius
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore how young people in Sweden who neither work nor study perceive life experiences in relation to health and well-being. METHODS: A task-based interview technique was used and data was analysed with qualitative content analysis. Interviews were conducted with 16 participants aged 16-20 who were unemployed and not eligible for upper secondary school, or who had dropped out of school. RESULTS: Three themes emerged from the analysis illustrating how the young people perceive their life experiences in relation to health and well-being: Struggling with hardships in the absence of caring connections, Feeling good when closely connected to others, and Being forced to question what has been taken for granted...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332320/the-role-of-tiotropium-olodaterol-dual-bronchodilator-therapy-in-the-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#5
REVIEW
David M G Halpin
Bronchodilator therapy is central to the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and are recommended as the preferred treatment by the Global Obstructive Lung Disease Initiative (GOLD). Long acting anti-muscarinics (LAMA) and long acting β₂ agonists (LABA) are both more effective than regular short-acting drugs but many patients remain symptomatic despite monotherapy with these drugs. Combination therapy with LAMA and LABA increases the therapeutic benefit while minimizing dose-dependent side effects of long-acting bronchodilator therapy...
January 2018: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327212/a-composite-of-functional-status-and-pneumonia-severity-index-improves-the-prediction-of-pneumonia-mortality-in-older-patients
#6
Francisco Sanz, María Morales-Suárez-Varela, Estrella Fernández, Luis Force, María José Pérez-Lozano, Vicente Martín, Mikel Egurrola, Jesús Castilla, Jenaro Astray, Diana Toledo, Ángela Domínguez
BACKGROUND: The baseline health status may be a determinant of interest in the evolution of pneumonia. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the predictive ability of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) mortality by combining the Barthel Index (BI) and Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI) in patients aged ≥ 65 years. DESIGN, PATIENTS AND MAIN MEASURES: In this prospective, observational, multicenter analysis of comorbidities, the clinical data, additional examinations and severity of CAP were measured by the PSI and functional status by the BI...
January 4, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325164/sleep-duration-in-the-united-states-2003-2016-first-signs-of-success-in-the-fight-against-sleep-deficiency
#7
Mathias Basner, David F Dinges
Study Objectives: The high prevalence of chronic insufficient sleep in the population has been a concern due to the associated health and safety risks. We evaluated secular trends in sleep duration over the most recent 14-year period. Methods: The American Time Use Survey (ATUS), representative of US residents ≥15 years, was used to investigate trends in self-reported sleep duration and waking activities for the period 2003-2016 (N=181,335 respondents). Results: Sleep duration increased across survey years both on weekdays (+1...
January 8, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317533/the-social-genome-of-friends-and-schoolmates-in-the-national-longitudinal-study-of-adolescent-to-adult-health
#8
Benjamin W Domingue, Daniel W Belsky, Jason M Fletcher, Dalton Conley, Jason D Boardman, Kathleen Mullan Harris
Humans tend to form social relationships with others who resemble them. Whether this sorting of like with like arises from historical patterns of migration, meso-level social structures in modern society, or individual-level selection of similar peers remains unsettled. Recent research has evaluated the possibility that unobserved genotypes may play an important role in the creation of homophilous relationships. We extend this work by using data from 5,500 adolescents from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) to examine genetic similarities among pairs of friends...
January 9, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307314/shift-work-is-time-of-eating-determining-metabolic-health-evidence-from-animal-models
#9
Natalí N Guerrero-Vargas, Estefania Espitia-Bautista, Ruud M Buijs, Carolina Escobar
The circadian disruption in shift-workers is suggested to be a risk factor to develop overweight and metabolic dysfunction. The conflicting time signals given by shifted activity, shifted food intake and exposure to light at night occurring in the shift-worker are proposed to be the cause for the loss of internal synchrony and the consequent adverse effects on body weight and metabolism. Because food elicited signals have proven to be potent entraining signals for peripheral oscillations, here we review the findings from experimental models of shift-work and verify whether they provide evidence about the causal association between shifted feeding schedules, circadian disruption and altered metabolism...
January 8, 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304814/service-providers-experiences-of-disrespectful-and-abusive-behavior-towards-women-during-facility-based-childbirth-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#10
Anteneh Asefa, Delayehu Bekele, Alison Morgan, Michelle Kermode
BACKGROUND: Disrespect and abuse (D&A) of women during childbirth by the attending staff in health facilities has been widely reported in many countries. Although D&A in labor rooms is recognized as a deterrent to maternal health service utilization, approaches to defining, classifying, and measuring D&A are still at an early stage of development. This study aims to enhance understanding of service providers' experiences of D&A during facility based childbirth in health facilities in Addis Ababa...
January 5, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304289/risk-factors-clinical-presentations-and-functional-impairments-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder-in-military-personnel-and-the-general-population-in-canada
#11
Tamara L Taillieu, Tracie O Afifi, Sarah Turner, Kristene Cheung, Janique Fortier, Mark Zamorski, Jitender Sareen
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine differences in sociodemographic risk factors, comorbid mental conditions, clinical presentations, and functional impairments associated with past-year generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) between Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) Regular Force personnel and the Canadian general population (CGP). METHOD: Data were from 2 nationally representative surveys collected by Statistics Canada: 1) the Canadian Community Health Survey on Mental Health, collected in 2012 ( N = 25,113; response rate = 68...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301403/improving-mandatory-vaccination-against-influenza-minimizing-anxiety-of-employees-to-maximize-health-of-patients
#12
Andrea L Benin, Gina Lockwood, Tracy Creatore, Donna Donovan, Maggi Predmore, Susan MacArthur
The objective was to describe qualitatively the attitudes among employees toward mandatory vaccination against influenza to ultimately improve such programs and prevent hospital-acquired influenza. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 21 employees at a freestanding children's hospital. Analysis of interview transcripts used grounded theory and the constant comparative method; codes were iteratively revised and refined as themes emerged. Themes emerged elucidating promoters and concerns. Promoters included a desire to protect self, family, and patients; perception of vaccination as part of professional responsibility; and free vaccination as a benefit from the organization...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294832/domestic-violence-against-women-working-in-four-educational-hospitals-in-iran
#13
Hojat Sheikhbardsiri, Ahmadreza Raeisi, Gholamreza Khademipour
Domestic violence is a serious threat to the health of women in the world and derives from several factors. Therefore, due to the importance of this issue, this study aimed to determine domestic violence against women in four educational hospitals in Iran as a Muslim country. The study employed a cross-sectional design and was conducted in four educational hospitals supervised by the Kerman University of Medical Sciences in 2016. Using a researcher-made questionnaire, we assessed factors associated with domestic violence in female employees using a census method ( N = 400)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275787/association-between-effort-reward-imbalance-and-self-reported-diabetes-mellitus-in-older-u-s-workers
#14
Miriam Mutambudzi, Johannes Siegrist, John D Meyer, Jian Li
OBJECTIVE: Studies assessing the effects of work stress on health in older adults in the U.S. labor force are scarce. We examined the longitudinal association between work stress as measured by effort-reward imbalance (ERI) and incident diabetes over a 7-year period in U.S. working adults aged 50years and older. METHODS: We used longitudinal data from the 2006-2012 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (n=1932). Cox proportional hazard regression was used to examine whether ERI significantly predicted diabetes incidence in older adults who were diabetes-free at baseline...
January 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243461/physicians-working-conditions-health-and-working-capacity
#15
Marko Elovainio, Marianna Virtanen, Tuula Oksanen
Changes in the working environment will also influence the work of physicians. The greatest of these changes on the Finnish scale, the SOTE reform (the reform in social welfare and public health services), still lies ahead. Labor shortage, on-call duties and patient record systems providing little support to work add to the burden. In surveys related to psychosocial working conditions, physicians' greatest work load factors have been rush, forced working pace and poor communication despite the fact that, on average, they consider their working conditions to be good, frequently better than those of other professional groups, and are committed to carry on with their work until retirement age...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240042/range-of-motion-limitations-of-the-upper-body-in-obese-female-workers
#16
Nicola Cau, Veronica Cimolin, Luisa Brugliera, Giuseppe Ventura, Manuela Galli, Paolo Capodaglio
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide, and the economic consequences of an increased percentage of obese workers are relevant in terms of health costs and absences from work. Obesity is associated with reduced participation in the workforce, increased absence from work, disability and health costs, lower salaries and reduced productivity. OBJECTIVES: We aimed at quantifying the limitations in range of motion (ROM) of the upper limb and the trunk of obese workers during basic occupational tasks...
December 14, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239992/comparison-of-resistance-based-walking-cardiorespiratory-test-to-the-bruce-protocol
#17
Christopher P Hurt, Marcas Bamman, Avantika Naidu, David A Brown
Cardiorespiratory fitness is assessed through graded exercise tests that determine the maximum amount of sustained mechanical work that an individual can perform while also providing health and fitness related information. This manuscript describes a novel method to perform graded exercise tests that uses posteriorly directed resistive forces. The purpose of this investigation is to validate a novel resistance based test in comparison to a traditional speed and incline based test in a cohort of non-impaired individuals...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230516/-the-distribution-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-employees-from-small-and-medium-sized-enterprises-in-germany
#18
Andrea Kaifie, Thomas Kraus
BACKGROUND: The German Prevention Act, the main parts of which came into force on 25 July 2015, encourages health promotion and prevention programs for people in their living environment. Through this act, preventive measures could reach employees at work that hardly seek medical services. This is of importance since employees with a low occupational position often show risk factors that increase morbidity and mortality. METHODS: In this study, clinical data from n = 2280 employees from small and medium sized enterprises (SME) were analyzed for economic sector, sex, socioeconomic position (SEP), economic sector cardiovascular risk factors, musculoskeletal and psychological diseases...
December 11, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230388/blood-body-fluid-exposure-and-needle-stick-sharp-injury-among-nurses-working-in-public-hospitals-southwest-ethiopia
#19
Yeshitila Belay Belachew, Tefera Belachew Lema, Gugssa Nemera Germossa, Yohannes Mehretie Adinew
Background: Every health professional around the world is at risk of blood/body fluid exposure and needle stick/sharp injury as a result of exposure to blood or body fluids and needle or sharp injuries. However, the extent of these hazards and their driving forces are not well documented in Ethiopia. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess determinants of blood/body fluid exposure and needle stick/sharp injury among nurses working in Jimma zone, southwest Ethiopia. Methods: An institution-based census was conducted among 318 nurses working in Jimma zone public hospitals from March 10 to 30, 2016...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228530/electronic-health-record-implementation-a-swot-analysis
#20
Leila Shahmoradi, Alireza Darrudi, Goli Arji, Ahmadreza Farzaneh Nejad
Electronic Health Record (EHR) is one of the most important achievements of information technology in healthcare domain, and if deployed effectively, it can yield predominant results. The aim of this study was a SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) analysis in electronic health record implementation. This is a descriptive, analytical study conducted with the participation of a 90-member work force from Hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). The data were collected by using a self-structured questionnaire and analyzed by SPSS software...
October 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
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