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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903838/european-military-mental-health-research-benefits-of-collaboration
#1
EDITORIAL
Hubertus Himmerich, G D Willmund, U Wesemann, N Jones, N T Fear
Despite joint participation in international military operations, few collaborative military mental health research projects have been undertaken by European countries. From a common perspective of military mental health researchers from Germany and the UK, the lack of shared research might be related not only to the use of different languages but also the different ways in which the two militaries provide mental health and medical support to operations and differences in military institutions. One area that is suitable for military health research collaboration within UK and German forces is mental health and well-being among military personnel...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899338/high-touch-and-high-tech-ht2-proposal-transforming-patient-engagement-throughout-the-continuum-of-care-by-engaging-patients-with-portal-technology-at-the-bedside
#2
Ann Scheck McAlearney, Cynthia J Sieck, Jennifer L Hefner, Alison M Aldrich, Daniel M Walker, Milisa K Rizer, Susan D Moffatt-Bruce, Timothy R Huerta
BACKGROUND: For patients with complex care needs, engagement in disease management activities is critical. Chronic illnesses touch almost every person in the United States. The costs are real, personal, and pervasive. In response, patients often seek tools to help them manage their health. Patient portals, personal health records tethered to an electronic health record, show promise as tools that patients value and that can improve health. Although patient portals currently focus on the outpatient experience, the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center (OSUWMC) has deployed a portal designed specifically for the inpatient experience that is connected to the ambulatory patient portal available after discharge...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889978/-analysis-of-plantar-pressure-patterns-among-obese-population
#3
Eleonóra Leidecker, Péter Kellermann, Mónika Galambosné Tiszberger, Bálint Molics, Aliz Bohner-Beke, József Nyárády, János Kránicz
INTRODUCTION: Although the role of body weight on foot health and load has been widely documented in research, the effect of the extra load due to body weight on plantar pressure characteristics is not well known. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of obesity on plantar pressure patterns among the working-age population. METHOD: 180 participants were involved. Two groups were evaluated according to body mass index categories regarding eight regions of the plantar area, focusing on the following parameters: contact area, maximum pressure and peak pressure...
November 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889288/quiet-dissent-the-attitudes-beliefs-and-behaviours-of-uk-osteopaths-who-reject-low-back-pain-guidance-a-qualitative-study
#4
Joanna Figg-Latham, Dévan Rajendran
INTRODUCTION: Clinical guidelines are derived from best research evidence and aim to: improve quality of non-specific low back pain (nsLBP) management and identify patients at risk of suffering chronic pain. However, guideline discordant attitudes and beliefs have been identified in healthcare students and practitioners, including osteopaths. DESIGN: A qualitative approach with elements of grounded theory was used to explore underlying attitudes and beliefs of practitioners/students working in a British osteopathic education institution...
October 18, 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888907/classification-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis-working-toward-personalized-diagnosis
#5
REVIEW
Adam S DeConde, Timothy L Smith
An estimated 4.5% of total US health care dollars have been devoted to mitigating chronic rhinosinusitis. The most recalcitrant of these patients undergo surgery, which fails to improve symptoms in approximately 25% of patients. Recent advances in informational, microbiomic, and genomic analysis have introduced the first set of tools that patients, physicians, politicians, and payers can apply to better forecast which patients will respond favorably to endoscopic sinus surgery. This article summarizes the forces driving the application of personalized medicine to CRS and how new advances can be applied to clinical practice...
February 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884822/a-framework-for-remission-in-sle-consensus-findings-from-a-large-international-task-force-on-definitions-of-remission-in-sle-doris
#6
Ronald van Vollenhoven, Alexandre Voskuyl, George Bertsias, Cynthia Aranow, Martin Aringer, Laurent Arnaud, Anca Askanase, Petra Balážová, Eloisa Bonfa, Hendrika Bootsma, Dimitrios Boumpas, Ian Bruce, Ricard Cervera, Ann Clarke, Cindy Coney, Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau, László Czirják, Ronald Derksen, Andrea Doria, Thomas Dörner, Rebecca Fischer-Betz, Ruth Fritsch-Stork, Caroline Gordon, Winfried Graninger, Noémi Györi, Frédéric Houssiau, David Isenberg, Soren Jacobsen, David Jayne, Annegret Kuhn, Veronique Le Guern, Kirsten Lerstrøm, Roger Levy, Francinne Machado-Ribeiro, Xavier Mariette, Jamil Missaykeh, Eric Morand, Marta Mosca, Murat Inanc, Sandra Navarra, Irmgard Neumann, Marzena Olesinska, Michelle Petri, Anisur Rahman, Ole Petter Rekvig, Jozef Rovensky, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Josef Smolen, Angela Tincani, Murray Urowitz, Bernadette van Leeuw, Carlos Vasconcelos, Anne Voss, Victoria P Werth, Helena Zakharova, Asad Zoma, Matthias Schneider, Michael Ward
OBJECTIVES: Treat-to-target recommendations have identified 'remission' as a target in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but recognise that there is no universally accepted definition for this. Therefore, we initiated a process to achieve consensus on potential definitions for remission in SLE. METHODS: An international task force of 60 specialists and patient representatives participated in preparatory exercises, a face-to-face meeting and follow-up electronic voting...
November 24, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882865/community-perceptions-on-domestic-violence-against-pregnant-women-in-nepal-a-qualitative-study
#7
Kunta Devi Pun, Jennifer J Infanti, Rajendra Koju, Berit Schei, Elisabeth Darj
BACKGROUND: Globally, knowledge of health sector options to respond to domestic violence during pregnancy is increasing, but this topic is under-investigated in Nepal. This gap affects the provision of adequate antenatal care services and understanding of factors that influence women's willingness and ability to use available services. It is critical to know more about the social norms in a community that promote and prevent women experiencing domestic violence from seeking antenatal care...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876671/relevance-of-the-rat-lung-tumor-response-to-particle-overload-for-human-risk-assessment-update-and-interpretation-of-new-data-since-ilsi-2000
#8
REVIEW
D B Warheit, R Kreiling, L S Levy
The relevance of particle-overload related lung tumors in rats for human risk assessment following chronic inhalation exposures to poorly soluble particulates (PSP) has been a controversial issue for more than three decades. In 1998, an ILSI (International Life Sciences) Working Group of health scientists was convened to address this issue of applicability of experimental study findings of lung neoplasms in rats for lifetime-exposed production workers to PSPs. A full consensus view was not reached by the Workshop participants, although it was generally acknowledged that the findings of lung tumors in rats following chronic inhalation, particle-overload PSP exposures occurred only in rats and no other tested species; and that there was an absence of lung cancers in PSP-exposed production workers...
November 19, 2016: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876093/involvement-of-hepatic-macrophages-in-the-antifibrotic-effect-of-igf-i-overexpressing-mesenchymal-stromal-cells
#9
Esteban Fiore, Mariana Malvicini, Juan Bayo, Estanislao Peixoto, Catalina Atorrasagasti, Romina Sierra, Marcelo Rodríguez, Sofia Gómez Bustillo, Mariana G García, Jorge B Aquino, Guillermo Mazzolini
BACKGROUND: Cirrhosis is a major health problem worldwide and new therapies are needed. Hepatic macrophages (hMø) have a pivotal role in liver fibrosis, being able to act in both its promotion and its resolution. It is well-known that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) can modulate the immune/inflammatory cells. However, the effects of MSCs over hMø in the context of liver fibrosis remain unclear. We previously described evidence of the antifibrotic effects of in vivo applying MSCs, which were enhanced by forced overexpression of insulin-like growth factor 1 (AdIGF-I-MSCs)...
November 22, 2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872275/serving-those-that-serve-a-practitioner-commentary-on-health-promotion-in-the-military
#10
Anna Torrens Armstrong
Since 1986, health promotion has had a place within the U.S. Department of Defense. Emphasizing the leading health indicators of Healthy People, the role of health promotion has continued to support the U.S. Armed Forces in perhaps one of the most challenging decades of wartime operations. Serving a sizable population with both typical and mission-related health issues, health promotion plays a critical role in maintaining and improving health. The purpose of this article is to highlight military health promotion by offering insight into the day-to-day life of a "boots on the ground" military health educator, reviewing the challenges and opportunities of working with a unique population...
November 21, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871327/ebola-zika-and-the-international-health-regulations-implications-for-port-health-preparedness
#11
R W Glynn, M Boland
BACKGROUND: The outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease in West Africa in 2014-2015 was unprecedented in terms of its scale and consequence.  This, together with the emergence of Zika virus as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern in 2016, has again highlighted the potential for disease to spread across international borders and provided an impetus for countries to review their Port Health preparedness. This report reviews the legislative framework and actions taken under this framework in advancing and improving Port Health preparedness in Ireland, in response to the declaration of the Public Health Emergency of International Concern for Ebola Virus Disease in August 2014...
November 21, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870302/the-effect-on-mental-health-of-retiring-during-the-economic-crisis
#12
Michele Belloni, Elena Meschi, Giacomo Pasini
This paper investigates the causal impact of retirement on late-life mental health, a growing concern for public health, because major depressive disorders are the second leading cause of disability. We shed light on the role of economic conditions in shaping the effect of retirement on mental health by exploiting time and regional variation in the severity of the economic crisis across 10 European countries during 2004-2013. We use data from four waves of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe and address the potential endogeneity of the retirement decision to mental health by applying a fixed-effects instrumental variables approach...
November 2016: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866451/health-advocacy
#13
Maria Hubinette, Sarah Dobson, Ian Scott, Jonathan Sherbino
In the medical profession, activities related to ensuring access to care, navigating the system, mobilizing resources, addressing health inequities, influencing health policy and creating system change are known as health advocacy. Foundational concepts in health advocacy include social determinants of health and health inequities. The social determinants of health (i.e. the conditions in which people live and work) account for a significant proportion of an individual's and a population's health outcomes. Health inequities are disparities in health between populations, perpetuated by economic, social, and political forces...
November 21, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856298/assessing-the-hydrolytic-fate-of-the-masked-mycotoxin-zearalenone-14-glucoside-a-warning-light-for-the-need-to-look-at-the-maskedome
#14
Luca Dellafiora, Gianni Galaverna, Federico Righi, Pietro Cozzini, Chiara Dall'Asta
Masked mycotoxins are plant metabolites of mycotoxins that contaminate food and feed. They pose health concern as the shortage of toxicological data forces the lack of regulation worldwide. The present work investigated the toxicological relevance of the masked mycotoxin zearalenone-14-glucoside. In vitro, it shows a lower toxicity in respect to the parent compound. However, the major risks related to the consumption of masked mycotoxins depend on the possibility to undergo hydrolysis. Therefore, the hydrolysis and further transformation of zearalenone-14-glucoside in bovine blood and blood components (i...
November 14, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852866/the-effect-of-catastrophic-health-expenditure-on-work-after-retirement
#15
Enayatollah Homaie Rad, Arash Rashidian, Mohamad Arab, Ali Souri
Several factors can force retirees to go to paid work. Catastrophic health-care expenditure (CHCE) is one of the driving forces for retirees to go to paid work. This cross-sectional study was based on 6,307 Iran retirees' data. Xu method was used to calculate CHCE, and a logit model was estimated to show the association between CHCE and bridge employment. Other control variables were added to the model. The findings showed that there was positive relationship between CHCE and bridge employment. Retirement pension had negative relationship with work after retirement...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852335/suicide-in-older-adults-a-comparison-with-middle-aged-adults-using-the-queensland-suicide-register
#16
Yu Wen Koo, Kairi Kõlves, Diego De Leo
BACKGROUND: Globally, suicide rates increase with age, being highest in older adults. This study analyzed differences in suicides in older adults (65 years and over) compared to middle-aged adults (35-64 years) in Queensland, Australia, during the years 2000-2012. METHODS: The Queensland Suicide Register was utilized for the analysis. Annual suicide rates were calculated by gender and age group, and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were examined. RESULTS: In Queensland, the average annual rate of suicides for older adults was 15...
November 17, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849493/the-combined-effect-of-sleep-duration-and-quality-on-mental-health-among-republic-of-korea-armed-forces
#17
Tae Kyung Kim, Hee-Choon Lee, Sang Gyu Lee, Kyu-Tae Han, Eun-Cheol Park
Sleep problems in the Republic of Korea Armed Forces have increased. This study analyzed the mental health impact of sleep duration and quality on personnel of the Republic of Korea Armed Forces. Data from the 2014 Military Health Survey were used. Degree of sleep duration and quality were measured by this self-reported questionnaire. Analysis of variance was carried out to compare Kessler Psychological Distress Scale 10 (K10) scores. Multiple logistic regression analysis identified associations between sleep duration, quality, and K10 scores...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830144/strength-training-improves-fatigue-resistance-and-self-rated-health-in-workers-with-chronic-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Emil Sundstrup, Markus Due Jakobsen, Mikkel Brandt, Kenneth Jay, Per Aagaard, Lars Louis Andersen
Chronic musculoskeletal pain is widespread in the working population and leads to muscular fatigue, reduced work capacity, and fear of movement. While ergonomic intervention is the traditional approach to the problem, physical exercise may be an alternative strategy. This secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial investigates the effect of strength training on muscular fatigue resistance and self-rated health among workers with chronic pain. Sixty-six slaughterhouse workers with chronic upper limb pain and work disability were randomly allocated to 10 weeks of strength training or usual care ergonomic training (control)...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829045/a-new-metric-for-quantifying-the-relative-impact-of-risk-factors-on-loss-of-working-life-illustrated-in-a-population-of-working-dogs
#19
Geoffrey Caron-Lormier, Naomi D Harvey, Gary C W England, Lucy Asher
In a resource-limited world, organisations attempting to reduce the impact of health or behaviour issues need to choose carefully how to allocate resources for the highest overall impact. However, such choices may not always be obvious. Which has the biggest impact? A large change to a small number of individuals, or a small change to a large number of individuals? The challenge is identifying the issues that have the greatest impact on the population so potential interventions can be prioritised. We addressed this by developing a score to quantify the impact of health conditions and behaviour problems in a population of working guide dogs using data from Guide Dogs, UK...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820762/the-burden-of-poor-mental-well-being-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-examining-health-care-resource-use-and-work-productivity-loss
#20
Susan C Bolge, Natalia M Flores, Jennifer H Phan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of mental well-being with outcomes among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Seven thousand eight hundred fifty-two adults with T2DM were identified from a national, Internet-based study. Mental well-being [SF-36v2 mental component summary (MCS)] was categorized as good (MCS ≥ 50), poor (40 ≤ MCS < 50), and very poor (MCS < 40). Outcomes included past 6 months of health care resource use and lost productivity (Work Productivity and Activity Impairment questionnaire)...
November 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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