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Health work force

Mark Haddad, Ahmed Waqas, Wahhaj Qayyum, Maryam Shams, Saad Malik
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders such as depression are common and rank as major contributors to the global burden of disease. Condition recognition and subsequent management of depression is variable and influenced by the attitudes and beliefs of clinicians as well as those of patients. Most studies examining health professionals' attitudes have been conducted in Western nations; this study explores beliefs and attitudes about depression among doctors working in Lahore, Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey conducted in 2015 used a questionnaire concerning demographics, education in psychiatry, beliefs about depression causes, and attitudes about depression using the Revised Depression Attitude Questionnaire (R-DAQ)...
October 18, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
Christine Anne Ganzer
: A review of recent research and its relevance for nurses in all settings. ABSTRACT: The last two decades have seen increasing numbers of women entering all branches of the U.S. armed forces. Now that women in the military are no longer prohibited from holding direct combat positions, they are often exposed to traumatic events that place them at higher risk for mental health conditions. Nurses working within the Veterans Affairs (VA) system and those working in non-VA settings are likely to encounter female veterans...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Nursing
Jesús E Ospina, Àngels Orcau, Joan-Pau Millet, Miriam Ros, Sonia Gil, Joan A Caylà
BACKGROUND: The increase in immigration in Barcelona between 2000 and 2008 forced a reorganization of the control of tuberculosis (TB). TB clinical units (TBCU) were created and community health workers (CHW) were gradually included. OBJECTIVE: To understand trends in the incidence of TB among immigrants, their main characteristics and treatment compliance during the period 1991-2013. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional population-based study of cases detected among immigrants by the Tuberculosis Program in Barcelona, Spain...
2016: PloS One
Emily Bariola, Gavin Jack, Marian Pitts, Kathleen Riach, Philip Sarrel
OBJECTIVE: While many women undergo menopausal transition while they are in paid employment, the effect of poor working conditions on women's experience of the menopause has received scant empirical attention. We examined associations between employment conditions, work-related stressors, and menopausal symptom reporting among perimenopausal and postmenopausal working women. METHODS: Data were drawn from an online survey conducted between 2013 and 2014 involving 476 perimenopausal and postmenopausal women working in the higher education sector in Australia...
October 3, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Victoria Shier, Eric Trieu, David A Ganz
BACKGROUND: The United States Preventive Services Task Force recommends exercise to prevent falls in community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 65 years at increased fall risk. However, little is known about how best to implement exercise programs in routine care when a patient's need for exercise is identified within the healthcare system. METHODS: Using a qualitative approach, we reviewed the literature to determine how exercise programs to prevent falls are implemented from the vantage point of a health care setting...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
Debra Bingham, Andria Cornell
Rates of maternal morbidity and mortality in the United States have increased since 1990. Registered nurses are members of the health care work force who provide essential care to women during pregnancy, during birth, and after birth. Tools are needed to more effectively measure and track the effect of nursing care on maternal health outcomes. The Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses and the Association of Maternal Child Health Programs co-convened an expert panel to develop a set of tools for use by public health and clinical leaders to support this effort...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Kenneth R Cooke, Leo Luznik, Stefanie Sarantopoulos, Frances T Hakim, Madan Jagasia, Daniel H Fowler, Marcel R M van den Brink, John A Hansen, Robertson Parkman, David B Miklos, Paul J Martin, Sophie Paczesny, Georgia Vogelsang, Steven Pavletic, Jerome Ritz, Kirk R Schultz, Bruce R Blazar
Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is the leading cause of late, non-relapse, mortality and disability in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) patients and a major obstacle to improving outcomes. Chronic GVHD biology remains enigmatic, but understanding the underpinnings of the immunologic mechanisms responsible for the initiation and progression of disease is fundamental to developing effective prevention and treatment strategies. The goals of this task force review are as follows: • Summarize the current "state-of-the-science" regarding pathogenic mechanisms of chronic GVHD and critical knowledge gaps...
October 3, 2016: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Cori Lorts, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati
INTRODUCTION: The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends that all patients be screened for obesity and, if needed, be provided weight-loss advice. However, the prevalence of such advice is low and varies by patient demographics. This study aimed to describe the determinants of receiving weight-loss advice among a sample with a high proportion of low-income, racial/ethnic minority individuals. METHODS: Data were collected from a telephone survey of 1,708 households in 2009 and 2010 in 5 cities in New Jersey...
October 6, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
Yuriy Nesterko, Marie Kaiser, Heide Glaesmer
High levels of mental disorders, especially PTSD, are commonly known among groups of people forced to leave their homeland as a consequence of war-related experiences (e. g. armed conflict, torture or persecution). Depending on the cultural background the perceptions of illnesses vary, different symptom presentation and thereupon different coping strategies respectively expectations towards health care services exist. To minimize the danger of misdiagnosis by different experts working with refugees in the host countries, a culture-sensitive diagnostic approach is needed from the beginning...
October 5, 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
Khalil Ghoussoub, Alain El Asmar, Gaby Kreichati, Sawma Wakim, Mayla Bakhache, Maria Baz, Zakhia Naoum
OBJECTIVE: Our study aims to assess the prevalence and risk factors of low back pain occurred in health care workers in a Lebanese Hospital, and the impact of gestural and postural education in prevention. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A transversal survey with retrospective data collection was conducted at the University Hospital Center Hôtel-Dieu de France (HDF) Beirut in November 2015. It was based on a questionnaire of 29 items exploring the demographic, anthropometric and social data subjects and data for low back pain: duration, trigger back pain, risk factors, low back pain history, and the role of staff training to handling...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Luis Manuel Martinez-Aranda, Rodrigo Fernandez-Gonzalo
Exercise load is a key component in determining end-point adaptations to resistance exercise. Yet, there is no information regarding the use of different inertia (i.e. loads) during iso-inertial flywheel resistance exercise, a very popular high-intensity training model. Thus, this study examined power, work, force and eccentric-overload produced during flywheel resistance exercise with different inertial settings in men and women. Twenty-two women (n=11) and men (n=11) performed unilateral (in both legs) isolated concentric (CON) and coupled CON and eccentric (ECC) exercise in a flywheel knee extension device employing six inertias (0...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Deborah Schofield, Rupendra N Shrestha, Michelle M Cunich, Robert Tanton, Lennert Veerman, Simon J Kelly, Megan E Passey
OBJECTIVES: To project the number of older workers with lost productive life years (PLYs) due to chronic disease and resultant lost income; and lost taxes and increased welfare payments from 2015 to 2030. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Using a microsimulation model, Health&WealthMOD2030, the costs of chronic disease in Australians aged 45-64 were projected to 2030. The model integrates household survey data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics Surveys of Disability, Ageing and Carers (SDACs) 2003 and 2009, output from long-standing microsimulation models (STINMOD (Static Incomes Model) and APPSIM (Australian Population and Policy Simulation Model)) used by various government departments, population and labour force growth data from Treasury, and disease trends data from the Australian Burden of Disease and Injury Study (2003)...
2016: BMJ Open
Tae Kyung Kim, S G Lee, K-T Han, Y Choi, S Y Lee, E-C Park
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the effect of unmet medical need on the mental health of Republic of Korea (ROK) Armed Forces personnel, as most of the service members work in remote areas and often experience such unmet needs. METHODS: This study used secondary data from the 2014 Military Health Survey (MHS), conducted by the ROK School of Military Medicine and designed to collect military health determinants. Descriptive statistics showed the general characteristics of the study populations by variable...
September 22, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
Cara Smith Gueye, Gretchen Newby, Jim Tulloch, Laurence Slutsker, Marcel Tanner, Roland D Gosling
BACKGROUND: A malaria eradication goal has been proposed, at the same time as a new global strategy and implementation framework. Countries are considering the strategies and tools that will enable progress towards malaria goals. The eliminating malaria case-study series reports were reviewed to identify successful programme management components using a cross-case study analytic approach. METHODS: Nine out of ten case-study reports were included in the analysis (Bhutan, Cape Verde, Malaysia, Mauritius, Namibia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Turkmenistan)...
2016: Malaria Journal
Diana J Mason
The Hill Burton Act, which was signed into law in 1946 and ended in 1997, was one of the most significant forces that shaped the health care system we have today. Providing grants and loans for the construction and expansion of hospitals across the country, it required beneficiary hospitals to give some amount of uncompensated care to the poor and uninsured in return. The act not only led to our health care system's current emphasis on the acute-care hospital as the primary site of health care delivery, but it also had a profound effect on nursing, fully involving the profession in an acute-care world...
September 2016: Hastings Center Report
Maria El Koussa, Rifat Atun, Diana Bowser, Margaret E Kruk
OBJECTIVES: The movement of skilled physicians from the public to the private sector is a key constraint to achieving universal health coverage and is currently affecting health systems worldwide. This systematic review aims to assess factors influencing physicians' choice of workplace, and policy interventions for retaining physicians in the public sector. METHODS: Five literature databases were searched. Studies were included in the review if they focused on at least one of the following criteria: (i) incentives or motivators for retaining physicians in the public sector, (ii) pull factors that encouraged physicians to move to the private sector, (iii) push factors that forced physicians to leave the public sector, (iv) policy interventions or case studies that addressed physician retention in the public sector, and (v) qualitative reviews of policy interventions that were implemented in different health system settings...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
Karishma Furtado, Kira Hudson Banks
The Ferguson Commission was an independent body of 16 commissioners in operation from November 2014 to December 2015 and appointed by Missouri governor Jay Nixon to examine the root causes underlying the death of Michael Brown Jr. Its report, "Forward Through Ferguson: A Path Toward Racial Equity," raises many issues on racial equity that public health is well suited to address, such as trends in police use of force, the health implications of the school-based discipline gap, and the health benefits of a coordinated housing strategy...
November 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Brent Wolfrom, Geoff Hodgetts, Jyoti Kotecha, Emily Pollock, Mary Martin, Han Han, Pierre Morissette
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate satisfaction with civilian residency training programs among serving general duty medical officers within the Canadian Armed Forces. DESIGN: A 23-item, cross-sectional survey face-validated by the office of the Surgeon General of the Canadian Armed Forces. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: General duty medical officers serving in the Canadian Armed Forces as of February 2014 identified through the Directorate of Health Services Personnel of the Canadian Forces Health Services Group Headquarters...
September 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Alondra Nelson
Black Lives Matter was first articulated just a few years ago, but it has been the leitmotif of antiracist struggles for generations. The Movement for Black Lives extends the work of previous movements that challenged forms of oppression that act on Black bodies with impunity. It should be understood in the context of Ida B. Wells' anti-lynching campaign, Fannie Lou Hamer's reproductive justice demands, and the Black Panther Party's health activism. The 50th anniversary of the Black Panther Party is an occasion to recall that its work confronted the callous neglect and the corporeal surveillance and abuse of poor Black communities...
October 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Gidugu Himashree, Latika Mohan, Yogesh Singh
UNLABELLED: Context • High altitude (HA) is a psychophysiological stressor for natives of lower altitudes. Reducing the morbidity and optimizing the performance of individuals deployed in an HA region has been attempted and reported with varied results. Objective • The present study intended to explore the effects of comprehensive yogic practices on the health and performance of Indian soldiers deployed at HAs. Design • The research team designed a prospective, randomized, case-control study...
September 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
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