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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087381/prevalence-risk-factors-and-clinical-outcomes-of-atopic-and-nonatopic-asthma-among-rural-children
#1
Joshua A Lawson, Luan M Chu, Donna C Rennie, Louise Hagel, Chandima P Karunanayake, Punam Pahwa, James A Dosman
BACKGROUND: Because of time and cost constraints, objective classification of atopic and nonatopic asthma has been limited in large epidemiologic studies. However, as we try to better understand exposure-outcome associations and ensure appropriate treatment of asthma, it is important to focus on phenotype-defined asthma classification. OBJECTIVE: To compare atopic and nonatopic asthma in rural children with regard to risk factors and clinical outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in rural Saskatchewan, Canada, in 2011...
January 10, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081224/resveratrol-impairs-glioma-stem-cells-proliferation-and-motility-by-modulating-the-wnt-signaling-pathway
#2
Chiara Cilibrasi, Gabriele Riva, Gabriele Romano, Massimiliano Cadamuro, Riccardo Bazzoni, Valentina Butta, Laura Paoletta, Leda Dalprà, Mario Strazzabosco, Marialuisa Lavitrano, Roberto Giovannoni, Angela Bentivegna
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a grade IV astrocytoma and the most common form of malignant brain tumor in adults. GBM remains one of the most fatal and least successfully treated solid tumors: current therapies provide a median survival of 12-15 months after diagnosis, due to the high recurrence rate. Glioma Stem Cells (GSCs) are believed to be the real driving force of tumor initiation, progression and relapse. Therefore, better therapeutic strategies GSCs-targeted are needed. Resveratrol is a polyphenolic phytoalexin found in fruits and vegetables displaying pleiotropic health benefits...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051924/does-working-in-the-agricultural-sector-affect-the-selection-of-a-family-planning-method
#3
Sibel Ayhan, Fatma Gözükara, Ibrahim Koruk
Seasonal farmworkers are one of the groups that should be examined in terms of family planning method because low socio-economic levels, limited accommodation and living conditions in agricultural areas can restrict workers' access to information and health services. The study was carried out to determine the effect of working environment in agriculture on female seasonal workers' choice of family planning method. This cross-sectional study was performed on 300 women. It was found that the working and living conditions in the agricultural sector forced women to change their family planning method...
January 4, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050797/debates-about-conflict-of-interest-in-medicine-deconstructing-a-divided-discourse
#4
Serena Purdy, Miles Little, Christopher Mayes, Wendy Lipworth
The pharmaceutical industry plays an increasingly dominant role in healthcare, raising concerns about "conflicts of interest" (COI) on the part of the medical professionals who interact with the industry. However, there is considerable disagreement over the extent to which COI is a problem and how it should be managed. Participants in debates about COI have become entrenched in their views, which is both unproductive and deeply confusing for the majority of medical professionals trying to work in an increasingly commercialized environment...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043222/public-health-action-following-an-outbreak-of-toxigenic-cutaneous-diphtheria-in-an-auckland-refugee-resettlement-centre
#5
Gary E Reynolds, Helen Saunders, Angela Matson, Fiona O'Kane, Sally A Roberts, Salvin K Singh, Lesley M Voss, Tomasz Kiedrzynski
Global forced displacement has climbed to unprecedented levels due largely to regional conflict. Degraded public health services leave displaced people vulnerable to multiple environmental and infectious hazards including vaccine preventable disease. While diphtheria is rarely notified in New Zealand, a 2 person outbreak of cutaneous diphtheria occurred in refugees from Afghanistan in February 2015 at the refugee resettlement centre in Auckland. Both cases had uncertain immunisation status. The index case presented with a scalp lesion during routine health screen and toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae was isolated...
December 24, 2016: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007793/policy-diffusion-across-disparate-disciplines-private-and-public-sector-dynamics-affecting-state-level-adoption-of-the-aca
#6
Rena M Conti, David K Jones
The ACA entails a number of provisions that are profoundly changing the way the states ensure access to medical care, including the expansion of Medicaid and the maintenance of health insurance exchanges. Here, we argue that while federal policy is the originating force of whether these provisions are adopted, individual state decisions are made within a larger ecosystem. This ecosystem has two main components: (1) complementary and competing state and federal policies; and (2) medical provision by a variety of suppliers...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992583/labour-trafficking-among-men-and-boys-in-the-greater-mekong-subregion-exploitation-violence-occupational-health-risks-and-injuries
#7
Nicola S Pocock, Ligia Kiss, Sian Oram, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Men comprise nearly two-thirds of trafficked and forced labourers in common low-skilled labour sectors including fishing, agriculture and factory work. Yet, most evidence on human trafficking has focused on women and girls trafficked for sex work, with scant research on trafficked men and boys. METHODS: We analyse survey data from the largest systematic consecutive sample of trafficked people collected to date to describe the prevalence of violence, occupational health risks and injuries and associated factors...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986798/do-workplace-interventions-reduce-disability-rates
#8
T I Midtsundstad, R A Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Increasing life expectancy and decreasing fertility have led to a shift in the workforce age structure towards older age groups. Deteriorating health and reduced work capacity are among the challenges to retaining older workers in the labour force. AIMS: To examine whether workplace interventions to facilitate work among employees with health problems or reduced work capacity affect disability rates among employees aged 50 years and older. METHODS: Data from a survey of Norwegian companies (n = 713) were linked with registry data on their employees aged 50-61 years (n = 30771)...
December 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986189/the-management-of-nausea-and-vomiting-of-pregnancy
#9
Kim Campbell, Hilary Rowe, Hussam Azzam, Carolyn A Lane
OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence-based management of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy and hyperemesis gravidarum. EVIDENCE: MEDLINE and Cochrane database searches were performed using the medical subject headings of treatment, nausea, vomiting, pregnancy, and hyperemesis gravidarum. The quality of evidence reported in these guidelines has been described using the Evaluation of Evidence criteria outlined in the Report of the Canadian Task Force on Preventative Health Care...
December 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974008/a-novel-native-collagen-dressing-with-advantageous-properties-to-promote-physiological-wound-healing
#10
C Wiegand, B A Buhren, E Bünemann, H Schrumpf, B Homey, R G Frykberg, F Lurie, P A Gerber
OBJECTIVE: Chronic hard-to-heal wounds generate high costs and resource use in western health systems and are the focus of intense efforts to improve healing outcomes. Here, we introduce a novel native collagen (90 %):alginate (10 %) wound dressing and compare it with the established oxidised dressings Method: Matrices were analysed by atomic force microscopy (AMF), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and immunoelectron microscopy for collagen types I, III and V. Viability assays were performed with NIH-3T3 fibroblasts...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968877/health-status-and-migration-a-propensity-score-matching-with-difference-in-difference-regression-approach
#11
Liming Lu, Xiao Gong, Jingchun Zeng
BACKGROUND: By 2014, about 253 million Chinese migrants had left their rural hometowns and were working in cities. The effect of migration on health is unclear, since it is affected by changes in environments and behaviours over the course of migration. Furthermore, previous studies have not thoroughly considered the "healthy migrant hypothesis" (that is, healthy people are more conducive to migrate). This paper strives to explore the potential mechanisms of migration and health over two successive years to provide a useful reference point for health policy targeted at migrants...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968865/demographic-socio-economic-and-health-factors-associated-with-use-of-health-services-among-internal-migrants-in-china-an-analysis-of-data-from-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Liming Lu, Jingchun Zeng, Zhi Zeng
BACKGROUND: In 2014, approximately 253 million Chinese migrants had left their hometowns and were working in cities. Inequalities in demographic, socioeconomic, and health status for migrants place them at increased risk of health problems and marginalised them in the use of health-care services. We aimed to identify the inequalities that limit the use of health services among internal migrants in China, and to provide a reference point for health policy. METHODS: Data were collected from 23 505 participants aged 15 years or older, from the 2014 China Labor Force Dynamic Survey (a nationwide cross-sectional survey covering 29 provinces with a multi-stage cluster, and stratified, probability sampling strategy) conducted by Sun Yat-sen University...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941167/protective-effects-of-dietary-selenium-and-vitamin-c-in-barium-induced-cardiotoxicity
#13
Awatef Elwej, Imen Ghorbel, Mariem Chaabane, Nejla Soudani, Rim Marrekchi, Kamel Jamoussi, Hela Mnif, Tahia Boudawara, Najiba Zeghal, Mediha Sefi
Several metals including barium (Ba) known as environmental pollutants provoke deleterious effects on human health. The present work pertains to the potential ability of selenium (Se) and/or vitamin C, used as nutritional supplements, to alleviate the toxic effects induced by barium chloride (BaCl2) in the heart of adult rats. Animals were randomly divided into seven groups of six each: group 1, serving as negative controls, received distilled water; group 2 received in their drinking water BaCl2 (67 ppm); group 3 received both Ba and Se (sodium selenite 0...
December 9, 2016: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940656/is-being-in-paid-work-beyond-state-pension-age-beneficial-for-health-evidence-from-england-using-a-life-course-approach
#14
Giorgio Di Gessa, Laurie M Corna, Loretta G Platts, Diana Worts, Peggy McDonough, Amanda Sacker, Debora Price, Karen Glaser
BACKGROUND: Given the current policy emphasis in many Western societies on extending working lives, we investigated the health effects of being in paid work beyond state pension age (SPA). Until now, work has largely focused on the health of those who exit the labour force early. METHODS: Our data come from waves 2-4 of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, including the life history interview at wave 3. Using logistic and linear regression models, we assessed the longitudinal associations between being in paid work beyond SPA and 3 measures of health (depression, a latent measure of somatic health and sleep disturbance) among men aged 65-74 and women aged 60-69...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933179/associations-between-genetics-medical-status-physical-exercise-and-psychological-well-being-in-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis
#15
Lena Backström-Eriksson, Agneta Bergsten-Brucefors, Lena Hjelte, Bo Melin, Kimmo Sorjonen
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common autosomal recessive, life-shortening disease among people of European origin. Type of genetic mutation and regular physical exercise has an impact on clinical outcome. This cross-sectional study explores the associations between genetics, medical status, physical exercise and psychological well-being in adult patients with CF. METHODS: Adult patients with CF (N=68; mean age: 32.2; range 18-67 years; 46% women) completed the Cystic Fibrosis Questionnaire-Revised and Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale...
2016: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930661/chronic-diseases-health-behaviors-and-demographic-characteristics-as-predictors-of-ill-health-retirement-findings-from-the-korea-health-panel-survey-2008-2012
#16
Young Joong Kang, Mo-Yeol Kang
PURPOSE: The research aim was to identify demographic characteristics, chronic diseases, and unhealthy behaviors predicting ill health retirement in South Korea. METHODS: Data were collected from 15,407 individuals enrolled in the first through the fifth phases of the Korea Health Panel Survey (2008-2012) using structured questionnaires examining retirement, morbidities, and health-related behaviors. The Cox proportional hazard model was used to examine demographic and clinical characteristics' effects on ill health retirement...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927730/aging-in-mexico-population-trends-and-emerging-issues
#17
Jacqueline L Angel, William Vega, Mariana López-Ortega
Although all nations in the America's face a common demographic reality of longevity, declining fertility rates and changes in family roles a growing body of research points to a dramatic demographic transformation in Mexico. Although Mexico's population is relatively young, with a median age of 27.9 in 2015, it will age rapidly in coming years, increasing to 42 years by 2050. The rapid median age in the nation also reflects the growing proportion of people 65 or older, and is expected to triple to 20.2% by 2050...
December 7, 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923922/mechanisms-of-evolution-in-high-consequence-drug-resistance-plasmids
#18
Susu He, Michael Chandler, Alessandro M Varani, Alison B Hickman, John P Dekker, Fred Dyda
: The dissemination of resistance among bacteria has been facilitated by the fact that resistance genes are usually located on a diverse and evolving set of transmissible plasmids. However, the mechanisms generating diversity and enabling adaptation within highly successful resistance plasmids have remained obscure, despite their profound clinical significance. To understand these mechanisms, we have performed a detailed analysis of the mobilome (the entire mobile genetic element content) of a set of previously sequenced carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) from the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center...
December 6, 2016: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919400/a-novel-concept-for-integrating-and-delivering-health-information-using-a-comprehensive-digital-dashboard-an-analysis-of-healthcare-professionals-intention-to-adopt-a-new-system-and-the-trend-of-its-real-usage
#19
Keehyuck Lee, Se Young Jung, Hee Hwang, Sooyoung Yoo, Hyun Young Baek, Rong-Min Baek, Seok Kim
OBJECTIVE: To introduce a new concept of medical dashboard system called BESTBoard. Such a system was implemented in all wards in a tertiary academic hospital to explore the development process, core designs, functions, usability and feasibility. METHODS: The task-force team made user interface designs for 6 months based on a need analysis. Hardware configuration and software development was carried out for 3 months. We conducted a survey of 383 physicians and nurses to determine the usability and feasibility of the system...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918610/psychosocial-job-quality-and-mental-health-among-young-workers-a-fixed-effects-regression-analysis-using-13-waves-of-annual-data
#20
Allison Milner, Lauren Krnjack, Anthony D LaMontagne
Objectives Entry into employment may be a time when a young person's well-being and mental health is challenged. Specifically, we examined the difference in mental health when a young person was "not in the labor force" (NILF) (ie, non-working activity such as participating in education) compared to being in a job with varying levels of psychosocial quality. Method The data source for this study was the Household Income and Labor Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) study, and the sample included 10 534 young people (aged ≤30 years)...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
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