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Nasal surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473453/wilhelm-fabricius-von-hilden-1560-1634-the-pioneer-of-german-surgery
#1
Konstantinos Laios
Wilhelm Fabricius von Hilden (1560-1634) or also known with his Latinized name Guilielmus Fabricius Hildanus is considered the founder of scientific German surgery. He introduced new surgical techniques and invented new surgical instruments for the surgical treatment of nasal polyps, stone bladder, breast and ocular cancer, hydrocele, and ascites, while very ingenious were his amputation techniques. His most important surgical treatise was Observationem et curationem chirurgicam centuriae sex ( Six Hundred Surgical Observations and Treatments) first published in 1606...
February 1, 2018: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471541/the-caucasian-nasal-septum-an-in-vivo-computed-tomography-study
#2
Charles Daultrey, John Hardman, Shahram Anari
Background: The nasal septum is composed of cartilaginous and bony components and an understanding of each component volume is essential in both functional and cosmetic surgery. Objectives: We sought to radiographically measure septal dimensions on cross sectional computer tomography (CT) images, establishing average parameters for normal anatomy among a single, Caucasian population group. Methods: One hundred and fifty consecutive sinus CT scan images were examined and 100 cases with appropriate sagittal views were included in the study...
February 19, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470651/prediction-of-surgical-site-infection-in-spine-surgery-from-tests-of-nasal-mrsa-colonization-and-drain-tip-culture
#3
Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Kei Ando, Kenyu Ito, Mikito Tsushima, Masayoshi Morozumi, Satoshi Tanaka, Masaaki Machino, Kyotaro Ota, Naoki Ishiguro, Shiro Imagama
PURPOSE: MRSA is an organism that is a possible risk factor for postoperative SSI. The purpose of the study was to examine relationships among surgical site infection (SSI) after spinal surgery, nasal methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization, and wound drain culture results. METHODS: The subjects were 132 patients who underwent spinal instrumentation surgery. A preoperative nasal swab was used to check for the presence of MRSA colonization, and a wound drain tip culture was performed for detection of SSI...
February 22, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470562/association-of-nasal-tip-rotation-outcome-estimation-with-the-new-domes-technique-in-primary-rhinoplasty
#4
Fernando Pedroza, Edgar Eduardo Santos, Federico Espinosa, Claudia José Velásquez, Andrés Fernando Gutiérrez, Enrique Fernando Serrano-Cruz
Importance: The postoperative changes in the rotation of the nasal tip in rhinoplasty must be estimated for the surgical planning. Objective: To determine whether the outcome in the rotation angle of the nasal tip can be estimated in patients undergoing primary rhinoplasty with the new domes technique. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective analytic cohort study included 323 patients undergoing primary rhinoplasty with the new domes technique in a private clinic in Bogotá, Colombia, by a single surgeon from January 1, 2011, through January 31, 2016...
February 22, 2018: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470561/safety-and-efficacy-of-cosmetic-augmentation-of-the-nasal-tip-and-nasal-dorsum-with-expanded-polytetrafluoroethylene-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Yifei Gu, Wenxin Yu, Yunbo Jin, Hui Chen, Gang Ma, Shih-Jen Chang, Xiaoxi Lin
Importance: Expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) is a widely used alloplast, but studies of augmentation of the nasal tip and nasal dorsum with ePTFE are lacking. Objective: To investigate whether attaching the conchal cartilage as shield grafts at the distal end of the graft can prevent extrusion and whether the use of ePTFE in the nasal tip can achieve a stable aesthetic outcome. Design, Setting, and Participants: A randomized clinical trial was performed from April 1, 2006, to October 31, 2008...
February 22, 2018: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467589/cabergoline-induced-pneumocephalus-following-treatment-for-giant-invasive-macroprolactinoma-presenting-with-spontaneous-cerebrospinal-fluid-rhinorrhea
#6
Souha S Elabd, Maswood M Ahmad, Sameer Q Qetab, Mussa Hussain Almalki
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea is rarely reported as the first presenting feature of giant invasive macroprolactinomas. Cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea is usually reported as a complication of trauma, neurosurgical, and skull-based procedures (such as pituitary surgery or radiations), and less frequently after medical treatment with dopamine agonists (DAs) for macroprolactinomas. This phenomenon results from fistula creation that communicates between the subarachnoid space and the nasal cavity. Meanwhile, pneumocephalus is another well-recognized complication after transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary macroadenomas...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Endocrinology and Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465198/-epistaxis-during-nasotracheal-intubation-attila-s-syndrome
#7
Zaycev A Yu, Svetlov V A, Dubrovin K V, Khrustaleva M V, Dehtjar M A, Titova I V
BACKGROUND: Nasal bleeding is a common complication during nasotracheal intubation (NTI). This is due to the ana- tomical prerequisites and the hemostatic system failure. Using of various research methods in practice can reduce the frequency of such complications. The purpose of the study is to identify predictors of high probability of epistaxis associated with the NTI and the pecu- liarities of the anatomical mucous membrane structure of the nasal passages, and to assess significance of blood coag- ulationfailures in these cases...
September 2017: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464170/adjuvant-therapy-for-revision-rhinoplasty-of-contracted-nose-using-polydeoxyribonucleotide-and-invasive-bipolar-radiofrequency
#8
Tae Hwan Ahn, Sung Bin Cho
Most cases of severely contracted nose require revision rhinoplasty and septoplasty, wherein preoperative and/or intraoperative expansion of nasal soft tissue is necessary for tension-free revision surgery. The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pre- and postoperative adjuvant therapy using polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) and invasive, pulsed-type, bipolar, alternating current radiofrequency (RF) for revision surgery of a contracted nose. In total, 30 patients were treated with 16 sessions (8 preoperative sessions and 8 postoperative sessions) of intralesional injection of PDRN and invasive RF treatment using microneedle electrodes at 1-week intervals...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459782/distinct-macular-thickness-changes-after-femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery-of-age-related-cataract-and-myopia-with-cataract
#9
Yong Wang, Jun Du, Mei Yang, Yi Xu, Huaijin Guan, Jian Wu
Cataract surgery can cause macular thickness change. We used optical coherence tomography (OCT) to assess the macular thickness of different regions after femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery of age-related cataracts (ARC) and myopia cases with cataract (myopia group). Fifty eyes of 50 patients in ARC group and fifty eyes of 50 patients in myopia with cataract group were included. All study underwent femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery and macular thickness of was measured at pre-operation and 1 week, 1 month after surgery...
February 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456949/clarithromycin-in-the-management-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis-preliminary-results-of-a-possible-its-new-use
#10
F Sireci, R Speciale, S Gallina, R Sorrentino, F R Canevari
The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of prolonged therapy with low-dose clarithromycin in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with polyps (CRSwP) after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). A total of 10 patients with CRSwP were identified and subjected to bilateral ESS. In post-operative patients they were treated with nasal wash with saline solution and steroid sprays (beclomethasone). During follow-up, after 30-40 days after the operation (M = 35.4 SD = +4.33), patients reported a worsening of symptoms with onset of nasal obstruction; reduction/loss of smell; headache; onset of viscous secretions and therefore all patients continued therapy with saline nasal irrigation, topical steroid therapy and started macrolide (clarithromycin 500 mg/pill: 1 pill/day for 3 days a week for 1 month)...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456944/choanal-atresia-birth-without-breath
#11
Vikas Sinha, Samanth Talagauara Umesh, Sushil G Jha, Swati Dadhich
Bilateral Choanal atresia is a medical emergency. Corrective surgery is the mainstay of the treatment. Hegar's dilator was used in all cases to break the bony/membranous atretic plate. The 22 cases of choanal atresia all operated by the first author were included in this study. Eight cases were 1-5 year old with bilateral choanal atresia and all required immediate surgery as they had repeated attacks of respiratory distress and cycle of cyanosis. Eight cases were of CHARGE Syndrome. All the cases were operated under general anaesthesia...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453478/endoscopic-sinus-surgery-for-sinonasal-polyposis-microdebrider-or-conventional-instruments
#12
Nabin Lageju, Bibhu Pradhan, Narmaya Thapa
INTRODUCTION: Sinonasal polyposis is one of the commonest causes of nasal obstruction. Surgical management is treatment of choice. Microdebrider offers more advantage to conventional instruments. We aimed to find out outcome using microdebrider versus conventional instruments in endoscopic sinus surgery of sinonasal polyposis. METHODS: The cross sectional descriptive study carried out in patients aged 13 years and above with diagnosis of sinonasal polyposis. Total of 51 patients were operated on the right side with microdebrider and left side with conventional instruments...
October 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453209/recurrent-epistaxis-leading-to-diagnosis-of-primary-sinonasal-melanoma
#13
Karine Tawagi, Rita Akaraz-Avedissian, Irina Burman-Solovyeva
A 48-year-old man presented to urgent care with recurrent epistaxis over 6 months. Initially, nosebleeds were controlled with packing or cautery. Ultimately, he was referred to ear, nose and throat department and underwent nasal endoscopy which revealed polypoid tissue. A biopsy of the polyp showed non-specific inflammation with no evidence of malignancy. Follow-up maxillofacial CT revealed a large mass lesion in the right maxillary sinus, right nasal fossa, much of the ethmoids and right sphenoid, with destruction of adjacent bony structures...
February 16, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452816/transnasal-humidified-rapid-insufflation-ventilatory-exchange-for-oxygenation-of-children-during-apnoea-a-prospective-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
T Riva, T H Pedersen, S Seiler, N Kasper, L Theiler, R Greif, M Kleine-Brueggeney
BACKGROUND: Transnasal humidified rapid insufflation ventilatory exchange (THRIVE) comprises the administration of heated, humidified, and blended air/oxygen mixtures via nasal cannula at rates of ≥2 litres kg -1 min -1 . The aim of this randomized controlled study was to evaluate the length of the safe apnoea time using THRIVE with two different oxygen concentrations (100% vs 30% oxygen) compared with standard low-flow 100% oxygen administration. METHODS: Sixty patients, aged 1-6 yr, weighing 10-20 kg, undergoing general anaesthesia for elective surgery, were randomly allocated to receive one of the following oxygen administration methods during apnoea: 1) low-flow 100% oxygen at 0...
March 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451356/disinfection-of-saline-solutions-and-devices-for-nasal-irrigation-why-when-and-how
#15
Mayra S Ferreira, João Mangussi-Gomes, Ivan Elias Rassi, Fernando Oto Balieiro, Aldo C Stamm
Nasal irrigation using a saline solution is one of the primary treatments for patients with sinonasal inflammatory diseases and following endonasal surgeries. Irrigation devices and the solutions used often become contaminated, and patients are advised to adopt disinfection techniques (1,2). However, there are currently no guidelines for how patients should perform this task. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
February 16, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447885/pediatric-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patient-demographics-treatment-trends-and-outcomes
#16
Ankit Modh, Omar H Gayar, Mohamed A Elshaikh, Arnold C Paulino, Farzan Siddiqui
OBJECTIVES: To examine patient demographics, temporal and treatment trends, and survival outcomes of pediatric non-nasopharyngeal head and neck squamous cell carcinomas using the National Cancer Database. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was queried for pediatric patients (age 0-19 years) diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (including oral cavity, oropharynx, nasal cavity, larynx, hypopharynx, and salivary glands) from 2004 to 2013. RESULTS: Of 159 patients identified, the majority had oral cavity SCC (55%)...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447327/-unknown-title
#17
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The lack of nasal tip support resulting in poor protection and projection of the nose is a common cause of nasal obstruction and cosmetic impairment. Although septal cartilage is preferred for restoration of nasal tip support, there is often not enough septal cartilage available. We describe an intercrural columellar strut graft in a circumferential soft tissue pocket: the I-Beam technique. METHODOLOGY: In this cohort study over an 8-year period the clinical and biometrical long-term results after restoration of nasal tip support with an autologous auricular cartilage graft, the I-Beam technique, is evaluated...
February 15, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447326/prospective-study-on-the-outcome-of-the-sphenoid-drill-out-procedure
#18
T Van Zele, B Pauwels, F Dewaele, P Gevaert, C Bachert
BACKGROUND: Chronic sphenoid sinusitis refractory to both medical therapy and sphenoidotomy requires a more extended intervention based on the principles of salvage surgery. Our aim is to describe the sphenoid drill out technique as a sphenoid salvage intervention and to outline its implications on clinical outcome and quality of life. METHODOLOGY: 12 patients with chronic sphenoiditis undergoing a sphenoid drill out procedure were examined by nasal endoscopy preoperatively and postoperatively for one year...
February 15, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447325/-unknown-title
#19
E Novoa, D Simmen, H R Briner, C Schlegel
BACKGROUND: The lack of nasal tip support resulting in poor protection and projection of the nose is a common cause of nasal obstruction and cosmetic impairment. Although septal cartilage is preferred for restoration of nasal tip support, there is often not enough septal cartilage available. We describe an intercrural columellar strut graft in a circumferential soft tissue pocket: the I-Beam technique. METHODOLOGY: In this cohort study over an 8-year period the clinical and biometrical long-term results after restoration of nasal tip support with an autologous auricular cartilage graft, the I-Beam technique, is evaluated...
February 15, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444717/good-correlation-between-visual-analogue-scale-and-numerical-rating-scale-in-the-assessment-of-nasal-obstruction
#20
R Haye, L K Døsen, M Tarangen, O Shiryaeva
OBJECTIVE: Results from telephone interviews may be needed to supplement those from mailed questionnaires when response rates are inadequate. This study assessed the correlation between visual analogue scale ratings used in mailed questionnaires and numerical rating scale scores used in telephone interviews. METHODS: Patients scheduled for nasal septal surgery routinely respond to a visual analogue scale of obstruction during the day and at night. In this study, they were also asked to verbally rate their sense of obstruction using whole numbers...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
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