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Nasal surgery

Qinying Wang, Haihong Chen, Yang Yang, Bo Wang
OBJECTIVE: Adherence of pathogen to nasal mucosa and colonization is the first step of bacterial biofilm(BBF) formation in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS).Terminal sialic acids presenting on cell surface are potential targets for bacterial binding, thus may partly contribute to the pathogenesis of CRS. However, little has been published in this respect, the purpose of our study aimed to investigate the expression of sialic acids on the nasal mucosa in CRS patients and its possible effect on BBF formation...
June 12, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Dongyuan Luo, Ting Li, Hongtao Wang, Yiyang Chen
OBJECTIVE: This report describes the design and printing of personalized nasal stents for cleft lip using 3-dimensional (3D) technology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used silicone rubber to make the impressions, a 3D laser scanner to obtain 3D data, and Dental SG resin cartridges as printing material. We printed the personalized nasal stents using a photosensitive resin printer. RESULTS: We placed the stents in patients after cleft lip surgery...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
W Y Ma, W Liu, X Z Li, P Ye, L Q Zhang, X L Cai
Objective: To discuss the application of Mohs microsurgery in nasal and facial basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and analyze the pathological and clinical features. Methods: The clinical data of 127 patients who were diagnosed by pathology as nasal and facial BCC in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from January 2010 to January 2015 were retrospectively analysed. The value of Mohs microsurgery was discussed and the nasal & facial sites of BCC lesions, clinical and histopathology features were summarized. Results: The proportion of male and female was 1...
June 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Hiroshi Nagafuji, Hidenori Yokoi, Masachika Fujiwara, Dai Sato, Koichiro Saito
RATIONALE: Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis (PLE) is a rare disorder of the nervous system associated with malignant disease. It has a subacute onset with the following symptoms: cognitive dysfunction, seizures, irritability, hallucinations, and short-term memory loss. Herein, we report the case of a 35-year-old man with PLE, an olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB) admixed with craniopharyngioma, and serum anti-Hu antibodies. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient presented with generalized seizures, short-term memory loss, and a polypoid mass located high in the nasal cavity...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Xing-Wang Zhu, Yuan Shi, Li-Ping Shi, Ling Liu, Jiang Xue, Rangasamy Ramanathan
BACKGROUND: Invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) is associated with the development of adverse pulmonary and non-pulmonary outcomes in very premature infants. Various modes of non-invasive respiratory support are increasingly being used to decrease the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. The aim of this trial is to compare the effect of non-invasive high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (NHFOV) and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) as a primary non-invasive ventilation support mode...
June 14, 2018: Trials
Alessia Corrado, Monica Battle, Sarah K Wise, F Eun-Hyung Lee, David M Guidot, John M DelGaudio, Samuel A Molina, Joshua M Levy
BACKGROUND: The endocannabinoid system represents a highly conserved, innate signaling network with direct and indirect control of eicosanoid-mediated inflammation. Activation of the type 2 cannabinoid receptor (CB2R) leads to decreased type 2 inflammation and reduced production of arachidonic acid (AA). Given that altered AA metabolism is associated with aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD), we hypothesized that expression of the CB2R gene CNR2 is increased in AERD. METHODS: Nasal polyps from consecutive patients undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery for AERD or allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS) were prospectively evaluated...
June 13, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Yalcin Alimoglu, Adem Topcu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the distances between the anterior nasal spine and basal lamella (BL), skull base, nasofrontal beak (NfB), and the anterior wall of sphenoid sinus on computed tomography (CT) images. METHODS: A total of 160 patients who were seen at the otolaryngology clinic of our institution were evaluated with the help of the image processing software of the radiology department. Cases in which bony structures could not be seen clearly because of previous surgery or trauma were excluded...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Zachary A Theroux, Adam B Blechman, Mark A Russell
BACKGROUND: Surgical scar length is a common concern among patients undergoing Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS). OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates 3 metrics of preoperative lesion size to determine which correlates best with primary linear closure lengths for nonmelanoma skin cancers (NMSCs) treated with MMS. This metric is then used to develop predictive models for linear closure lengths in 10 different anatomical regions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 4,049 NMSCs treated with MMS and repaired with primary linear closure was conducted...
June 8, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Mario Koopmann, Claudia Rudack, Daniel Weiss, Markus Stenner
BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinoma of the nasal vestibule is a rare entity. In consequence disagreement in etiology, staging system and therapy of primary tumor with or without adjuvant treatment of regional lymph nodes are apparent. METHODS: Pubmed-Recherche of relevant literature concerning: lymphatic drainage, metastases, incidence, risk factors (leather, nickel, nicotine, human papillomavirus, Staging system (UICC, AJCC, Wang's system), therapy of the primary tumor, regional lymph nodes and immunohistochemistry...
June 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
Thomas Knackstedt, Kachiu Lee, Nathaniel J Jellinek
BACKGROUND: Bilobed and trilobed transposition flaps are versatile random pattern transposition flaps which reliably restore nasal symmetry, topography, light reflex, contour and are frequently used in cutaneous nasal reconstructive surgery. We wish to compare the characteristics of bilobed and trilobed flaps in cutaneous reconstructive surgery and to identify scenarios for their differential use. METHODS: A retrospective chart review over 7 years of consecutive patients reconstructed with a bilobed or trilobed flap after Mohs micrographic surgery was performed...
May 22, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
R Jankowski, C Rumeau, D T Nguyen, P Gallet
Nasalisation is a surgical technique proposed for the treatment of nasal polyposis in 1995. The technique as initially described was based on large opening of the maxillary, sphenoidal and frontal ostia and resection of the middle turbinates, with the aim of resecting the mucosa of the lateral masses of the ethmoid as completely and safely as possible. Recent findings on the evolution and development of the nose and sinuses and sinus physiology allow both the concept and the technique of nasalisation to be updated...
June 7, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Justin H Turner, Ping Li, Rakesh K Chandra
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a diverse clinical syndrome with a heterogeneous pathophysiology. Early attempts to identify CRS endotypes and biomarkers have largely relied on analysis of surgically obtained tissue, thus limiting their practical utility. This study examined the ability of mucus T helper 2 (Th2) biomarkers to predict CRS disease severity and clinical characteristics. METHODS: CRS (n = 90) and healthy control subjects (n = 17) were prospectively enrolled prior to surgical intervention and mucus levels of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and IL-13 were determined using a multiplex cytometric bead assay...
June 8, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Matti Penttilä
BACKGROUND: The ostiomeatal complex (OMC), comprising a small natural maxillary sinus ostium and narrow infundibulum, transmits the air diffusion into the antrum and mucociliary transport from the antrum, and is considered a key area in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Thin membranous anterior and posterior fontanelle areas below the OMC can rupture forming a perforation, accessory maxillary ostium (AMO), that increases antral airflow changing the anatomy and function of the sinus. The purpose of this study was to report the first case series of CRS patients who had undergone repair of fontanelle defects aiming to reconstruct normal structures...
June 8, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Lichuan Zhang, Chunhua Hu, Xiaodan Zheng, Dawei Wu, Haili Sun, Wei Yu, Ying Wu, Dong Chen, Qianwen Lv, Ping Zhang, Xiping Li, Honggang Liu, Yongxiang Wei
RATIONALE: Oncocytic Schneiderian papillomas (OSP) are an uncommon type of sinonasal papillomas that arise from the Schneiderian epithelium, accounting for only 6% of all sinonasal papillomas. Malignancies arising in OSP are rare and are almost always described as in situ or invasive squamous cell carcinoma, although mucoepidermoid, small cell carcinoma and sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma have also been reported. To our knowledge, only 18 such instances have been reported in the medical literature...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hong-San Kim, Kyu-Lim Lee, Young-Chun Gil, Kyung-Seok Hu, Tanvaa Tansatit, Hee-Jin Kim
[BACKGROUND]: Understanding the topography of the blood vessels distributed around the nasolabial fold (NLF) region is essential for ensuring the safety of dermal filler injections into the NLF. The purpose of this study was to provide anatomical information on the IOA distribution and its relationship with the FA for use in clinical procedures involving filler injection during NLF augmentation. [METHODS]: Seventy-two embalmed hemifaces (42 males and 30 females) from Thai and Korean cadavers were used in this study...
June 4, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Michael S Golinko, John D Pemberton, James Phillips, Adam Johnson, Larry D Hartzell
Tessier No 3 facial cleft (oro-nasal-ocular clefts) is the rarest and most challenging of all the Tessier clefts. Reports on Tessier No 3 clinical findings, surgical techniques, and outcomes are varied due to the scarcity of patients and the wide range of phenotypic findings. The authors present our experience of 2 children born with Tessier No 3 clefts who were both managed at the Arkansas Children's Hospital. Our purpose is to add knowledge on this rare craniofacial cleft by providing detailed soft tissue findings, skeletal findings, operative techniques, early postoperative outcome, and suggestions of a treatment protocol...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Ebrahim Karimi, Akbar Bayat, Mohammad Reza Ghahari, Sara Rahavi-Ezabadi, Mehrdad Jafari
Introduction: The major presenting symptom of nasal polyps is nasal obstruction. The role of nasal obstruction in the genesis of laryngeal disorders is still unknown. Materials and Methods: The aim of this study was to evaluate laryngeal videostroboscopic changes after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) in patients with nasal polyposis. A longitudinal study was carried out from March 2012 to June 2013. Thirty patients with bilateral nasal polyposis who did not respond to maximum medical treatment and were candidates for FESS were recruited...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Y J Chen, X B Chai
Chronic rhinosinusitis with or without nasal polyps mainly uses combination of medications represented by nasal glucocorticoids and functional sinus endoscopic surgery (FESS) and comprehensive treatment with antibiotics. The effect of oral antibiotics for CRS exacerbations on the microbial resistance rate in the population has not yet been fully assessed, but may be significant, and glucocorticoid-resistant CRS has also emerged. CRSwNP associated with complications of asthma is considered a more serious condition...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
J Y Li, F Chen, C J Yu, X F Ma, H Li, H D Wang
Objective: To investigate the efficacy of radical sinus surgery (RSS) on difficult-to-treat rhinosinusitis(DTRS) with nasal polyps. Method: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 26 patients with DTRS that treated with RSS and patients who were not treated with RSS in our hospital from August 2013 to June 2017.The effect of RSS were evaluated by comparing the CT Lund-Kennery score,endoscope Lund-Kennery score,global VAS score and dysosmia VAS score before operation and 6 months after operation. Result: RSS group had more severe Lund-Kennery score,global VAS score and dysosmia VAS score than non-RSS group,and also had more previous surgeries,higher ratio of olfactory region polyps,and higher ratio of co-existing asthma and allergic rhinitis...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Ann Helen Nilsen, Wenche Moe Thorstensen, Anne-Sofie Helvik, Staale Nordgaard, Vegard Bugten
PURPOSE: Septoplasty and radiofrequency therapy for inferior turbinate hypertrophy (RFIT) are common techniques used to improve nasal patency. Our aim was to compare nasal geometry and function using acoustic rhinometry and peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF) in three patients groups undergoing surgery for nasal obstruction, and to investigate if the improvement in minimal cross-sectional area (MCA) and nasal-cavity volume (NCV) occurred in different cavity areas in the groups. Finally, we evaluated the correlation between the objective measurements and the patients' assessment of nasal obstruction (SNO)...
June 5, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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