keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nasal surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822578/improving-rhinology-skills-with-simulation
#1
REVIEW
Andrew Y Lee, Marvin P Fried, Marc Gibber
The convergence of technology and medicine has led to many advances in surgical training. Novel surgical simulators have led to significantly improved skills of graduating surgeons, leading to decreased time to proficiency, improved efficiency, decreased errors, and improvement in patient safety. Endoscopic sinus surgery poses a steep learning curve given the complex 3-dimensional anatomy of the nasal and paranasal cavities, and the necessary visual-spatial motor skills and bimanual dexterity. This article focuses on surgical simulation in rhinological training and how innovative high-fidelity and low-fidelity simulators can maximize resident training and improve procedural skills before operating in the live environment...
August 16, 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821529/antibiotic-susceptibility-profiles-of-ocular-and-nasal-flora-in-patients-undergoing-cataract-surgery-in-taiwan-an-observational-and-cross-sectional-study
#2
Yun-Hsuan Lin, Yu-Chuan Kang, Chiun-Ho Hou, Yhu-Chering Huang, Chih-Jung Chen, Jwu-Ching Shu, Pang-Hsin Hsieh, Ching-Hsi Hsiao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the conjunctival and nasal flora and the antibiotic susceptibility profiles of isolates from patients undergoing cataract surgery. DESIGN: Observational and cross-sectional study. SETTING: A single-centre study in Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: 128 consecutive patients precataract surgery. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES METHODS: Conjunctival and nasal cultures were prospectively obtained from 128 patients on the day of cataract surgery before instillation of ophthalmic solutions in our hospital...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819362/recurrent-csf-rhinorrhea-misdiagnosed-as-chronic-allergic-rhinitis-with-subsequent-development-of-bacterial-meningitis
#3
Michael T Ulrich, Lawrence K Loo, Michael B Ing
INTRODUCTION: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea results from an abnormal communication of the dura mater to the nasal mucosa. The majority of cases of CSF rhinorrhea are the result of trauma or surgery involving the skull base. Spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea is a rare clinical entity with increased risk of ascending infection. Delay in diagnosis places the patient at risk of developing meningitis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 36-year-old African American female with significant medical history of obesity and hypertension presented to the emergency department with headache, altered level of consciousness, fever, and neck stiffness...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817752/technical-refinements-and-outcomes-of-the-modified-anterior-septal-transplant
#4
Myriam Loyo, Jeffrey D Markey, Deniz Gerecci, Edward El Rassi, Ryan J Li, C Blake Sullivan, Tom D Wang
Importance: Severe anterior septal deviation and resultant nasal obstruction represent a difficult surgical task to correct. The goal of surgery is to straighten the anterior dorsal and caudal struts, while maintaining nasal tip and midvault support. This study presents a novel extracorporeal septoplasty technique to straighten the crooked anterior septum. Objective: To describe the novel anterior septal transplant technique, which consists of complete resection of the caudal septum and reconstruction with extended spreader grafts and a columellar strut, without a separate caudal septal replacement graft...
August 17, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816718/double-composite-tissue-z-plasty-technique-for-anatomical-restoration-of-severe-nasal-deformity-in-secondary-unilateral-cleft-lip
#5
Jiao Wei, Tanja Herrler, Hua Xu, Qingfeng Li, Chuanchang Dai
BACKGROUND: Patients with secondary unilateral cleft lip are regularly affected by serious nasal deformities especially of the alar and nasal floor. A large number of techniques for correction have been published, but symmetrical restoration of severe nasal deformation is difficult to achieve. We propose an innovative approach for anatomical restoration for this entity of nasal deformities to achieve long-term symmetrical appearance and muscular function. METHODS: A total of 68 patients with severe nasal deformity due to secondary unilateral cleft lip underwent reconstructive surgery using a double composite tissue Z-plasty technique for anatomical restoration of cartilage, muscle, and soft tissue layers...
August 14, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815617/disparities-in-sinonasal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-short-and-long-term-outcomes-analysis-from-the-national-cancer-database
#6
Ryan M Carey, Arjun K Parasher, Alan D Workman, Carol H Yan, Jordan T Glicksman, Jinbo Chen, James N Palmer, Nithin D Adappa, Jason G Newman, Jason A Brant
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To examine sociodemographic, hospital-specific, and disease-related characteristics in relation to outcomes in sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). STUDY DESIGN: The National Cancer Database was queried for location codes corresponding to the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses and histology codes representing SCC malignancy. Multivariate analyses were performed against short- and long-term outcomes (overall survival, days to discharge, 30-day readmission, and 30- and 90-day mortality)...
August 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815611/the-value-of-frontal-sinusotomy-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps-a-cost-utility-analysis
#7
George A Scangas, Ashton E Lehmann, Aaron K Remenschneider, Brooke M Su, Mark G Shrime, Ralph Metson
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The number of surgical procedures performed for frontal sinusitis and the associated costs have increased dramatically over the past decade. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of endoscopic frontal sinusotomy (EFS) in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP). STUDY DESIGN: Cohort-style Markov decision-tree economic model with a 36-year time horizon. METHODS: Matched cohorts of CRSwNP patients who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) with (n = 139) and without (n = 49) EFS were compared to each other and to patients (n = 139) from the Medical Expenditures Survey Panel database who underwent medical management for chronic rhinosinusitis...
August 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815373/autologous-nasal-chondrocytes-delivered-by-injectable-hydrogel-for-in-vivo-articular-cartilage-regeneration
#8
Wenliang Chen, Changhua Li, Maoxiu Peng, Bingju Xie, Lei Zhang, Xiaojun Tang
Cell based tissue engineering serves as a promising strategy for articular cartilage repair, which remains a challenge both for researchers and clinicians. The aim of this research was to assess the potential of autologous nasal chondrocytes (NCs) combined with alginate hydrogel as injectable constructs for rabbit articular cartilage repair. Autologous nasal chondrocytes were isolated from rabbit nasal septum, expanded either on monolayer or in 3D alginate hydrogel. In vitro, DNA quantification revealed that NCs can proliferate stable in 3D alginate matrix, but slower than that cultured in monolayer...
August 16, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814902/orbital-apex-cyst-a-rare-cause-of-compressive-optic-neuropathy-post-functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#9
Yi Ni Koh, Shu Fen Ho, Letchumanan Pathma, Harvinder Singh, Embong Zunaina
There are various causes that can lead to compressive optic neuropathy. We present here orbital apex cyst as an unusual cause of compressive optic neuropathy in a 49-year-old male. He presented with 2 weeks painless loss of vision in the left eye with left-sided headache. He had had left functional endoscopic sinus surgery for left nasal polyps 4 years earlier. Magnetic resonance imaging of brain and orbit revealed a left discrete orbital nodule, possibly orbital cyst or mucocele, which was compressing on the left optic nerve...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814353/pre-and-postoperative-blood-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-and-eosinophil-to-lymphocyte-ratios-in-patients-with-sinonasal-polyps-a-preliminary-investigation
#10
Giuseppe Brescia, Umberto Barion, Claudia Zanotti, Daniela Parrino, Gino Marioni
BACKGROUND: Identifying specific endotypes within the broad picture of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), by using biomarkers for instance, remains a challenge. The prognostic role of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the eosinophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (ELR) as potential markers of inflammation has already been discussed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare NLR and ELR before and after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) and nasal mometasone furoate for CRSwNP by stratifying patients by their clinical and histologic features...
September 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813774/pulmonary-embolism-caused-by-popliteal-vein-aneurysm-a-case-report
#11
Kevin Marquez, Kalyan Chakravarthy Potu, Chad Laurich, Randall Lamfers
In this case report, we describe an unusual episode of bilateral submassive pulmonary embolism (PE) caused by a popliteal vein aneurysm (PVA). The development of PE stems from many risk factors including obesity (BMI³ 30 kg/m2), hypertension, cigarette smoking (greater than 25 cigarettes per day), increasing age, surgery, immobility, malignancy, and inherited thrombophilia. A PVA is a rare but significant cause of PE. A 28-year-old male presented to the emergency department with progressive shortness of breath...
March 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812923/the-use-of-prophylactic-nunchaku-stents-to-reduce-the-risk-of-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction-in-patients-with-midfacial-tumours-undergoing-radiotherapy
#12
Valerie A R Juniat, Saul Rajak
The treatment of midfacial tumours with radiotherapy, chemotherapy and radio-iodine can cause nasolacrimal duct fibrosis resulting in epiphora. Nasolacrimal patency can be maintained by stenting. We report our experience of prophylatic Nunchaku stent insertion in 5 patients prior to midfacial radiotherapy. Four out of 5 patients (80%) had patent nasolacrimal ducts without any symptoms of epiphora following removal of the stents. One patient was initially asymptomatic with patent nasolacrimal duct, but subsequently developed epiphora...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807988/high-flow-nasal-cannula-therapy-versus-intermittent-noninvasive-ventilation-in-obese-subjects-after-cardiothoracic-surgery
#13
François Stéphan, Laurence Bérard, Saida Rézaiguia-Delclaux, Priscilla Amaru
BACKGROUND: Obese patients are considered at risk of respiratory failure after cardiothoracic surgery. High-flow nasal cannula has demonstrated its non-inferiority after cardiothoracic surgery compared to noninvasive ventilation (NIV), which is the recommended treatment in obese patients. We hypothesized that NIV was superior to high-flow nasal cannula for preventing or resolving acute respiratory failure after cardiothoracic surgery in this population. METHODS: We performed a post hoc analysis of a randomized, controlled trial...
August 14, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806502/efficacy-of-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis-following-primary-radiotherapy-and-concurrent-chemotherapy-for-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#14
Noel Ayoub, Evan Walgama, Andrew Thamboo, Jayakar V Nayak, Peter H Hwang
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a downstream complication following radiotherapy or chemoradiation for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is an accepted therapy for medically refractory CRS, but its efficacy in addressing CRS symptoms in patients with previously irradiated NPC is unclear. METHODS: All patients at the Stanford Sinus Center with a history of radiation therapy or chemoradiation for NPC between 2006 and 2015 were reviewed...
August 14, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802373/clinical-curative-effect-and-safety-of-balloon-sinuplasty-in-children-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#15
Jia Liu, Zigai Zhao, Yang Chen, Bin Xu, Jiren Dai, Yong Fu
OBJECTIVE: Balloon Sinuplasty for the management of paranasal sinus inflammatory diseases was introduced in otolaryngology in 2005. Over the past decade, evidence strongly supports its safety and efficacy for the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) in adults. Because it requires no bone or tissue removal, this procedure could be suitable in children. We present our initial experience of its use for the treatment of CRS in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was performed of 30 children with failed medical therapy, who were scheduled for surgery...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802361/functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-improves-the-quality-of-life-in-children-suffering-from-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps
#16
Melina Fetta, Nikolaos S Tsilis, John V Segas, Thomas P Nikolopoulos, Petros V Vlastarakos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of FESS in children with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps, regarding their overall postoperative quality-of-life (QoL) and constituent QoL domains. Potential differences between cystic fibrosis (CF) sufferers and non-sufferers, or cases with recurrent sinonasal polyposis versus single-operations were also explored. METHODS: 39 children were studied. The mean patient age was 10.9 years; four children suffered from cystic fibrosis...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801718/stentless-endoscopic-repair-of-congenital-choanal-atresia-is-it-enough-for-maintaining-choanal-patency
#17
Emel Çadallı Tatar, Bülent Öcal, Esra Doğan, Ömer Bayır, Cem Saka, Ali Özdek, Mehmet Hakan Korkmaz
The aim of choanal atresia (CA) surgery is to achieve bilateral nasal patency. Among the different methods of CA repair, the endoscopic transnasal approach has gained recent popularity with the advent of endoscopic instruments and techniques. This article describes our experience regarding CA repair that was done either using or not using a stent in different periods of time in our department. Between February 2006 and February 2016, a total of 29 patients aged 2 days-53 years underwent endoscopic transnasal CA repair...
August 11, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799727/cryosurgical-posterior-nasal-tissue-ablation-for-the-treatment-of-rhinitis
#18
Peter H Hwang, Bryant Lin, Raymond Weiss, James Atkins, Jacob Johnson
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic posterior nasal nerve (PNN) resection has been described as an efficacious surgical treatment of allergic and nonallergic rhinitis, but the requirement for surgery under general anesthesia has limited its acceptance. We report the first series of patients treated for chronic rhinitis using a novel device designed for office-based cryosurgical ablation of the PNN. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with chronic rhinorrhea and/or nasal congestion for >3 months were recruited (allergic or nonallergic rhinitis), with minimum rhinorrhea and/or congestion subscores of 2 as part of the Total Nasal Symptom Score [TNSS])...
August 11, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798294/comparative-study-of-recessive-spherical-headed-silicone-intubation-and-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy-under-nasal-endoscopy-for-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#19
Hui-Yi Deng, Tao Wang, Xue-Kun Huang, Qin-Tai Yang, Shi-Qi Ling, Wei-Hao Wang, Mei-Jiao Li, Fang-Qin Ning, Ge-Hua Zhang
Between July 2014 and November 2015, we compared the curative effects and cost-effectiveness of two kinds of nasal endoscopic surgery for nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) in a single-centre, two-armed clinical trial with a 1-year follow-up. We included two groups: a recessive spherical headed silicone intubation (RSHSI) group and an endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (En-DCR) group; both received nasal endoscopy. Patients were recruited from the Otorhinolaryngology and Ophthalmology departments. The main outcome measures were epiphora improvement (classified as cure, effective, or invalid), cost-effectiveness, visual analogue scale (VAS) intraoperative pain score, bleeding volume, operating time, hospitalisation time, total cost, and VAS postoperative epiphora score...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796110/surgery-navigation-in-treating-congenital-midfacial-dysplasia-of-patients-with-facial-cleft
#20
Dong Li, Shanshan Bai, Zheyuan Yu, Liang Xu, Jie Yuan, Haisong Xu, Min Wei
AIM: To explore a new accurate way for the treatment of congenital midfacial dysplasia in facial cleft patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between November 2015 and November 2016, 8 patients with nasal deformity and midfacial dysplasia (Tessier Nos. 3-11 cleft) were collected (median age, years; range = 15-20 years). Expanded frontal flap for nasal reconstruction and image-guided navigation-assisted surgery for modified nasal-maxillary-hard palatine osteotomy to advance the peri-pyriform bone structure were performed in all the patients...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
keyword
keyword
113946
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"