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Sinus tarsi approach

Spencer J Monaco, Michael Calderone, Justin J Fleming
Calcaneal fractures account for up to 75% of all foot fractures and 1% to 2% of all fractures. Approximately 75% of calcaneal fractures are intraarticular, resulting in a prolonged recovery, more pain, and disability. The most common mechanism of injury includes falls from a height and motor vehicle accidents. This article reviews studies that compare nonoperative with operative treatment. The literature continues to support surgical intervention; however, these injuries can still be managed nonoperatively in certain clinical scenarios...
April 2018: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Feng Dai, Peng-Fei Yu, Hong Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical effect of percutaneous reduction and Kirschner pin flxation through sinus tarsi approach in treating Sanders type III calcaneal fracture. METHODS: Totally 22 patients (22 feet) with Sanders III calcaneal fracture were treated with percutaneous reduction and Kirschner pin flxation through sinus tarsi approach form September 2013 to December 2015. Among them, including 18 males and 4 females; aged from 20 to 65 years old with an average of (41...
December 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Xue-Xun Bao, Chen-Jie Xia, Bi-Yun Zhao, De-Jun Shi, Guan-Hua Lan, Guo-Lin Ren, Zu-Hong Xie, Wen-Xi Du
OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility and clinical efficacy of a minimally invasive sinus tarsi approach in the treatment of Sanders II calcaneus fractures. METHODS: From August of 2015 to July of 2016, 13 patients(totally 13 feet) with Sanders II intra-articular calcaneus fractures were treated via the minimally invasive sinus tarsi approach. The Böhler angle, Gissane angle and the length, width and height of calcaneus were compared between pre-operation and post-operation...
August 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
L Bai, Y Hou, G-H Lin, X Zhang, G-Q Liu, B Yu
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to compare the effect of Sinus Tarsi Approach (STA) vs Extensile Lateral Approach(ELA) for Treatment of Closed Displaced Intra-Articular Calcaneal Fractures (DIACF.) is still being debated, MATERIALS AND METHODS: A thorough research was carried out in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane library databases from inception to December 2016. Only prospective or retrospective comparative studies was selected in this meta-analysis. Two independent reviewers conducted literature search, data extraction, and quality assessment...
February 1, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Niall A Smyth, Erik C Zachwieja, Leonard T Buller, Alejandro D Miranda, Steven D Steinlauf
BACKGROUND: Sural nerve related symptoms following the extensile lateral approach to the calcaneus (ELA) and the sinus tarsi approach (STA) are a known postoperative complication despite awareness of the course the sural nerve. While the main trunk of the sural nerve and its location relative to the approaches have been previously described, the nerve gives rise to lateral calcaneal branches (LCBs) and an anastomotic branch (AB) that may be at risk of injury. The purpose of this study was to describe the course of the sural nerve, its LCBs and the AB in relation to the ELA and STA...
June 28, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
R P Walter, R W Walker, M Butler, S Parsons
BACKGROUND: Subtalar arthrodesis through an open approach carries significant risk of complications. An arthroscopic approach aims to minimise damage to the soft tissue envelope to improve recovery, union and complication rates. A two portal approach through the sinus tarsi was used. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients undergoing isolated arthroscopic arthrodesis was performed. RESULTS: Seventy-seven procedures were performed. Successful arthrodesis was achieved in 75 (97...
April 23, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Chul Hyun Park, Doo Hyung Yoon
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to evaluate the usefulness of subtalar arthroscopy in the operative treatment of Sanders type 2 calcaneus fractures using a sinus tarsi approach. METHODS: Forty-six Sanders type 2 calcaneal fractures were consecutively treated using a sinus tarsi approach. Intraoperative fluoroscopy was used to evaluate fracture reduction in the first 23 patients (fluoroscopy group), and intraoperative fluoroscopy and subtalar arthroscopy were used in the latter 23 patients (arthroscopy group)...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Zhikui Zeng, Lingmei Yuan, Shengpeng Zheng, Youqiang Sun, Feng Huang
BACKGROUND: The use of less-invasive techniques in the treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DIACFs) remains controversial. No prior meta-analysis has considered the influence of differences in the fracture type. Thus, our meta-analysis aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of minimally invasive (MI) in Sanders type II and III fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search was performed to identify RCTs comparing MI using sinus tarsi approach (STA) or percutaneous reduction (PR) to open reduction (OR) via extensile lateral approach (ELA) from the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase and CNKI...
February 2018: International Journal of Surgery
D Lu, S-Y Zhu, J Yang, H Chen, L-J Sun
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures in older children treated with poking reduction and cannulated screws fixation or with plate fixation using a sinus tarsi approach. From June 2008 to May 2012, fifty patients were randomised to operative stabilisation either by poking reduction and cannulated screws fixation (Group A, 28) or by plates fixation using a sinus tarsi approach (Group B, 22). The two groups were comparable with respect to age, gender, BMI, the affected side, cause of injury, fracture type, time from injury to surgery and follow-up time...
December 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
Yong-Beom Lee, Dae-Hwan Kim, Jong-Ho Jung, Jae-Yong Park
BACKGROUND: Using a sinus tarsi rotational flap is an uncommon approach to treating chronic open infective lateral malleolus bursitis. METHODS: We treated eight patients, including six males, using this approach. First, we debrided all the infected tissues and used a negative pressure wound closure system where needed. After acute infection had been controlled, the local rotational flap was used for cases where the wound could not be closed by a simple suture or bone exposure...
2017: BioMed Research International
Siem A Dingemans, Kristian J de Ruiter, Merel F N Birnie, J Carel Goslings, Gan van Samkar, Tim Schepers
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative pain levels in patients undergoing osteosynthesis of the calcaneus with either a popliteal nerve block or an ankle block. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all consecutive patients undergoing operative fixation of a calcaneal fracture via a sinus tarsi approach between August 2012 and April 2017 in a single foot/ankle specialized center was performed. Single-shot popliteal blocks were placed using ultrasound guidance by an anesthesiologist while ankle blocks were placed by a foot/ankle specialized surgeon...
December 2017: Foot & Ankle International
Siem A Dingemans, Sjoerd T Meijer, Manouk Backes, Vincent M de Jong, Jan S K Luitse, Tim Schepers
BACKGROUND: Calcaneal fractures are uncommon and have a substantial impact on hindfoot function and quality of life. Several surgical treatment options are available; both in surgical approach and type of operation. The aim of this study was to compare functional outcome and quality of life following ORIF and primary arthrodesis. Furthermore, predictors of worse functional outcome were explored. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional cohort study was performed in patients with surgical fixation of a calcaneal fracture with a minimum follow-up of 18 months...
August 18, 2017: Injury
Chul Hyun Park, Dong Yeol Lee
BACKGROUND: Calcaneum is the most commonly fractured tarsal bone. The optimal treatment for displaced calcaneus fractures involving the posterior facet is surgical. The extensile lateral approach is commonly preferred because it provides sufficient exposure of the subtalar facet. However, this technique has the risk of complications such as wound necrosis and sural nerve injury. Various minimally invasive approaches, such as sinus tarsi approach, limited posterior approach, and percutaneous approach, have been introduced to reduce possible complications...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Katherine M Bedigrew, James A Blair, Daniel R Possley, Kevin L Kirk, Joseph R Hsu
The purpose of this study was to compare the exposure of the posterior facet with the extensile lateral (EL) approach compared with the sinus tarsi (ST) approach. We hypothesized that the ST approach will provide a similar exposure of the posterior calcaneal facet. A total of 8 sequential ST then EL approaches were performed on cadavers. Calcaneal landmarks were identified by visualization or palpation. Calibrated digital photographs of the posterior facet and lateral calcaneal body were obtained from standardized positions and used to calculate the exposed surface area...
June 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Tim Schepers, Manouk Backes, Siem A Dingemans, Vincent M de Jong, Jan S K Luitse
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the sinus tarsi approach (STA) allows for a similar anatomical reduction of the posterior talocalcaneal facet as the extended lateral approach (ELA) and compare the rate of postoperative wound complications. DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: Level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS: All consecutive patients from 2012 to 2015 with a closed displaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture Sanders type II and III surgically treated with the ELA (N = 60) and the STA (N = 65)...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Jin Park, Jin Ho Che
INTRODUCTION: Although the extended lateral approach is typically considered the gold standard of treatment for intra-articular calcaneal fractures, a limited lateral approach may be a good alternative in select cases. METHODS: Forty-seven consecutive patients with intra-articular calcaneal fractures treated using the sinus tarsi approach between March 2010 and April 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. The functional outcomes [including arc range of motion, Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score, and the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle/hindfoot (AOFAS) score], bony outcomes (bony restoration and bony union), and complications were evaluated...
August 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Hui Yao, Tangzhao Liang, Yichun Xu, Gang Hou, Lulu Lv, Junbin Zhang
BACKGROUND: The extensile lateral approach (ELA) has been widely performed for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DIACFs), and wound complications remain a significant problem. As a minimal incision technique, the sinus tarsi approach (STA) was designed to overcome this disadvantage. There were already many reports about this approach but the conclusions were not completely consistent. Based on the current evidence, we performed this meta-analysis to compare the STA with ELA in the management of DIACF and expected to draw a certain and meaningful conclusion...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Hai-Chao Zhou, Tao Yu, Hao-Yang Ren, Bing Li, Kai Chen, You-Guang Zhao, Yun-Feng Yang
OBJECTIVE: To study and compare the clinical outcomes of open reduction and internal fixation via extensile L-shape incision and limited open reduction via the sinus tarsi approach using the medial distraction technique for intra-articular calcaneal fractures. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 65 intra-articular calcaneal fractures treated operatively between March 2012 and February 2015. Patients were divided into two groups: 28 were in the sinus tarsi approach group and 37 were in the extensile lateral approach group...
February 2017: Orthopaedic Surgery
G Slullitel, J Calvi, A Calvo, M Seletti, V López, V Álvarez
OBJECTIVE: The mini-invasive technique, through a sinus tarsi approach (STA), has become an increasingly popular choice for the treatment of calcaneal fractures. However, despite the good results reported, the complications related with internal fixation have not yet been analyzed. Using 3D reconstruction CT scans, we proposed doing biometric description of the calcaneus with the purpose of performing osteosynthesis as treatment for calcaneal fractures. METHODS: A total of 24 CT scans were retrospectively obtained from 22 consecutive patients with healthy calcanei and no history of surgery or fracture...
July 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
M Chen, K Deng, W H Zeng, J J Zeng, Q S Zhong, Z M Han
Objective: To evaluate the method and curative effect of plate fixation or percutaneous screws for the treatment of calcaneal fractures of Sanders type Ⅱ and Ⅲ via a minimally invasive sinus tarsi incision combined with a variety of manipulative reduction methods. Methods: Twenty-one patients with closed calcaneal fractures treated in the Department of Orthopedics, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University from January 2014 to January 2016 were collected. There were 15 men and 6 women, with an average age of 39...
March 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
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