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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779457/intimate-partner-violence-and-mental-health-among-transgender-gender-nonconforming-adults
#1
Richard S Henry, Paul B Perrin, Bethany M Coston, Jenna M Calton
There is significant evidence to suggest that intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with mental health problems including anxiety and depression. However, this research has almost exclusively been conducted through heteronormative and cisgender lenses. The current study is an exploratory, quantitative analysis of the relationship between experiences of IPV and mental health among transgender/gender nonconforming (TGNC) adults. A national sample of 78 TGNC individuals completed a survey online measuring participants' experiences with IPV and depression, anxiety, and satisfaction with life...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757929/transitioning-bodies-the-case-of-self-prescribing-sexual-hormones-in-gender-affirmation-in-individuals-attending-psychiatric-services
#2
Antonio Metastasio, Attilio Negri, Giovanni Martinotti, Ornella Corazza
Self-prescribing of sexual hormones for gender affirmation is a potentially widespread and poorly studied phenomenon that many clinicians are unaware of. The uncontrolled use of hormones poses significant health hazards, which have not been previously reported in the literature. We have collected seven clinical cases in general adult psychiatry settings (both inpatient and outpatients), describing transgender and gender non-conforming individuals' (TGNC) self-prescribing and self-administering hormones bought from the Internet without any medical consultation...
May 14, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661941/mental-health-of-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-youth-compared-with-their-peers
#3
Tracy A Becerra-Culqui, Yuan Liu, Rebecca Nash, Lee Cromwell, W Dana Flanders, Darios Getahun, Shawn V Giammattei, Enid M Hunkeler, Timothy L Lash, Andrea Millman, Virginia P Quinn, Brandi Robinson, Douglas Roblin, David E Sandberg, Michael J Silverberg, Vin Tangpricha, Michael Goodman
BACKGROUND: Understanding the magnitude of mental health problems, particularly life-threatening ones, experienced by transgender and/or gender nonconforming (TGNC) youth can lead to improved management of these conditions. METHODS: Electronic medical records were used to identify a cohort of 588 transfeminine and 745 transmasculine children (3-9 years old) and adolescents (10-17 years old) enrolled in integrated health care systems in California and Georgia. Ten male and 10 female referent cisgender enrollees were matched to each TGNC individual on year of birth, race and/or ethnicity, study site, and membership year of the index date (first evidence of gender nonconforming status)...
April 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627104/a-systematic-review-of-social-stress-and-mental-health-among-transgender-and-gender-non-conforming-people-in-the-united-states
#4
REVIEW
Sarah E Valentine, Jillian C Shipherd
Transgender and gender non-conforming (TGNC) populations, including those who do not identify with gender binary constructs (man or woman) are increasingly recognized in health care settings. Research on the health of TGNC people is growing, and disparities are often noted. In this review, we examine 77 studies published between January 1, 1997 and March 22, 2017 which reported mental health outcomes in TGNC populations to (a) characterize what is known about mental health outcomes and (b) describe what gaps persist in this literature...
March 28, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588911/intimate-partner-violence-among-transgender-youth-associations-with-intrapersonal-and-structural-factors
#5
Tamar Goldenberg, Laura Jadwin-Cakmak, Gary W Harper
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health problem, linked with a number of poor health outcomes. Some research demonstrates that transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) youth may experience IPV at similar rates to heterosexual cisgender women; however, there is a dearth of data examining the experiences of IPV among this population. The exclusion of TGNC youth in IPV research and public health interventions is problematic because it contributes to a traditional gender-based heterosexual model of IPV that ignores the specific needs of TGNC populations...
March 1, 2018: Violence and Gender
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534023/internalized-transphobia-resilience-and-mental-health-applying-the-psychological-mediation-framework-to-italian-transgender-individuals
#6
Cristiano Scandurra, Vincenzo Bochicchio, Anna Lisa Amodeo, Concetta Esposito, Paolo Valerio, Nelson Mauro Maldonato, Dario Bacchini, Roberto Vitelli
Transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) people are a highly-stigmatized population. For this reason, they might internalize society's normative gender attitudes and develop negative mental health outcomes. As an extension of the minority stress model, the psychological mediation framework sheds light on psychological processes through which anti-transgender discrimination might affect mental health. Within this framework, the current study aimed at assessing in 149 TGNC Italian individuals the role of internalized transphobia as a mediator between anti-transgender discrimination and mental health, considering resilience as the individual-level coping mechanism buffering this relationship...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528799/identity-abuse-as-a-tactic-of-violence-in-lgbtq-communities-initial-validation-of-the-identity-abuse-measure
#7
Julie M Woulfe, Lisa A Goodman
Intimate partner violence (IPV; i.e., physical, sexual, or psychological abuse by a current or former partner) remains a public health concern with devastating personal and societal costs. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) individuals are also vulnerable to a dimension of IPV called identity abuse (IA); that is, abuse tactics that leverage systemic oppression to harm an individual. Yet, we know little about its relative prevalence in subgroups of the LGBTQ community. This study developed and evaluated a measure of IA, and explored its prevalence in a sample of 734 sexual minority adults...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527241/barriers-to-gender-affirming-care-for-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-individuals
#8
Jae A Puckett, Peter Cleary, Kinton Rossman, Michael E Newcomb, Brian Mustanski
Gender-affirming care, including hormone therapy, "top" (e.g., chest reconstruction surgery) and "bottom" (e.g., vaginoplasty, phalloplasty, metoidioplasty, etc.) surgeries, and puberty blockers, is an efficacious treatment of gender dysphoria for transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) individuals. However, many TGNC people encounter significant barriers in accessing gender-affirming care, which we detail via results from on online study. Participants included 256 TGNC individuals (78...
March 2018: Sexuality Research & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514542/development-of-a-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-language-self-efficacy-scale-for-social-service-providers-working-with-older-adults
#9
Allison R Warren, Ann M Steffen
There is consensus that providers who work with transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) older adults should use the language preferred by the older adult; however, assessment tools to document professional training efforts are lacking. This study presents data on a new TGNC Language Self-Efficacy Scale, using responses collected from employees and volunteers of area agencies on aging (AAA) across the United States ( N = 155). Exploratory factor analysis supports a two-factor model: Interactions and Information subscales significantly correlated with knowledge of TGNC terminology, genderism and transphobia, gender role beliefs, beliefs about gender and gender identity, and attitudes toward lesbians and gay men...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503031/attitudes-toward-fertility-and-reproductive-health-among-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-adolescents
#10
Diane Chen, Margaret Matson, Kathryn Macapagal, Emilie K Johnson, Ilina Rosoklija, Courtney Finlayson, Celia B Fisher, Brian Mustanski
PURPOSE: Little is known about the reproductive desires of transgender and gender-nonconforming (TGNC) adolescents who may seek gender-affirming medical care that leads to infertility. The current study addressed this gap by examining attitudes toward fertility and family formation in a diverse sample of TGNC youth. METHOD: An online survey about sexual/reproductive health in sexual and gender minority (SGM) adolescents ages 14-17 years was conducted from September to October 2016...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437861/health-and-care-utilization-of-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-youth-a-population-based-study
#11
G Nicole Rider, Barbara J McMorris, Amy L Gower, Eli Coleman, Marla E Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) adolescents have difficulty accessing and receiving health care compared with cisgender youth, yet research is limited by a reliance on small and nonrepresentative samples. This study's purpose was to examine mental and physical health characteristics and care utilization between youth who are TGNC and cisgender and across perceived gender expressions within the TGNC sample. METHODS: Data came from the 2016 Minnesota Student Survey, which consisted of 80 929 students in ninth and 11th grade ( n = 2168 TGNC, 2...
February 5, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294834/campus-sexual-violence-prevention-educators-use-of-gender-in-their-work-a-critical-exploration
#12
Susan B Marine, Z Nicolazzo
Recent studies indicate that sexual violence affects college students who identify as trans* or gender nonconforming (TGNC) at higher proportions than cisgender students with a full 29% reporting an experience with violence in a recent large-scale study. College sexual violence prevention educators (SVPEs) are critical actors in the effort to reduce the incidence of sexual violence, yet little is known about the practices they engage in to support the learning of students of diverse genders, and to educate students about the role of gender in sexual violence...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201935/a-review-of-contemporary-assessment-tools-for-use-with-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-adults
#13
Grant P Shulman, Natalie R Holt, Debra A Hope, Richard Mocarski, Joshua Eyer, Nathan Woodruff
There is increasing recognition of the need for culturally sensitive services for individuals who identify as transgender or gender non-conforming (TGNC), and only recently have empirical studies appeared in the literature that inform best practices for TGNC people. Competent, culturally appropriate clinical services and research depend upon methodologically sound assessment of key constructs, but it is unclear whether appropriate self-report or clinician-rated assessment tools for adults exist. This paper reviewed existing published measures to identify areas of strength as well as existing gaps in the available research...
September 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161222/perspectives-of-mothers-of-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Katherine A Kuvalanka, Derek J Mahan, Jenifer K McGuire, Tracey K Hoffman
This study represents findings from interviews at two time points with three mothers of transgender and gender-nonconforming (TGNC) children (ages 8 to 12 years at T1) with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Of interest was the mothers' experiences of raising a TGNC child with ASD, and whether/how the children's autism played a role in their understandings of their children's gender identities and expressions. The mothers' fear of a transphobic/cisnormative society and wondering about whether their children's ASD influenced or caused their children's gender variance were barriers to fully embracing their children's gender nonconformity...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159308/transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-youths-public-facilities-use-and-psychological-well-being-a-mixed-method-study
#15
Lance S Weinhardt, Patricia Stevens, Hui Xie, Linda M Wesp, Steven A John, Immaculate Apchemengich, David Kioko, Shannon Chavez-Korell, Katherine M Cochran, Jennifer M Watjen, Nickolas H Lambrou
Purpose: In this study, we explored experiences and feelings of safety in public facilities in relation to psychological well-being among transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) youth in the Midwest in the summer of 2016, in the context of ongoing legislative proposals and regulations regarding school and public bathroom use in the United States. Methods: We used a mixed-method approach, with (1) a self-administered, paper-and-pencil survey of 120 TGNC youth, focusing on differences of self-esteem, resilience, quality of life (QoL), perceived stigma, feelings of safety, and experiences of public facility use and (2) two focus group interviews ( n =9) in which TGNC youth discussed individual perceptions, attitudes, and experiences of bathroom use outside participants' homes...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154610/identity-concealment-in-transgender-adults-a-qualitative-assessment-of-minority-stress-and-gender-affirmation
#16
Brian A Rood, Meredith R Maroney, Jae A Puckett, Ariel K Berman, Sari L Reisner, David W Pantalone
Minority individuals might conceal their identity in social contexts in an effort to avoid stigma and victimization. Unfortunately, identity concealment is thought to impact psychological distress in transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) individuals. Thus, through 30 in-depth interviews, we sought to understand if and how identity concealment was experienced by TGNC individuals. Findings indicated that (a) TGNC identity concealment is a source of stress, (b) individuals might conceal their TGNC identity based on social context, (c) concealment of assigned sex and gender history can function to affirm one's true gender identity, and (d) concealment of gender history is a rejection of one's assigned sex...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111876/impact-of-anticipated-bias-from-healthcare-professionals-on-perceived-successful-aging-among-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-older-adults
#17
Ruth V Walker, Sara M Powers, Tarynn M Witten
PURPOSE: Transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) persons have routinely experienced high rates of violence and discrimination. Discrimination in healthcare can affect the ability of TGNC persons to age successfully as it often deters them from seeking care. The purpose of this study was to determine if anticipation of bias from healthcare professionals, as well as other variables, predicted perceived successful aging in a sample of TGNC adults. METHODS: A total of 384 (of the original 1963) participants older than 50 years completed the relevant parts of an 83-item online survey as part of the Trans MetLife Survey on Later-Life Preparedness and Perceptions in Transgender-Identified Individuals...
December 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861543/interviews-with-patients-and-providers-on-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-health-data-collection-in-the-electronic-health-record
#18
M J Dunne, Lewis A Raynor, Erika K Cottrell, William J A Pinnock
Purpose: Meaningful use (MU) and Uniform Data Systems (UDSs) are calling for the collection of gender identity (GI) in electronic health record (EHR) systems; however, many transgender and nonconforming (TGNC) patients may not feel safe disclosing their GI and the data collection is not designed to guide care provision. This study explores the complexities surrounding the inclusion of GI in EHR data collection and how it can best serve patients and providers. Methods: Using a semistructured interview format, TGNC patients (n=7) and providers (n=5) who care for TGNC patients were asked about data collection procedures and the use of these data within community health centers in Oregon...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825954/the-lifetime-prevalence-of-psychiatric-diagnoses-in-an-academic-gender-reassignment-service
#19
Gerhard P Grobler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the literature regarding the prevalence of mental health concerns, including psychiatric diagnoses in the TGNC community. RECENT FINDINGS: Gender dysphoria is not the only mental health concern experienced by some members of TGNC people. Stigma and discrimination play a role in the development of mental health concerns. Even after reassignment surgery some members of the TGNC community is almost five times more likely to attempt suicide...
November 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795828/trans-and-gender-nonconforming-children-and-their-caregivers-gender-presentations-peer-relations-and-well-being-at-baseline
#20
Katherine A Kuvalanka, Judith L Weiner, Cat Munroe, Abbie E Goldberg, Molly Gardner
This study, involving a community-based sample of 45 predominantly white primary caregivers of 45 trans and gender-nonconforming (TGNC) children between 6 and 12 years of age, provides descriptive data on children's gender presentations, peer relations, and well-being. Most (n = 31; 69%) of the children were cross-gender identified (CGI). That is, 17 of 28 children assigned male at birth explicitly and consistently identified as girls, and 14 of 17 children assigned female at birth explicitly and consistently identified as boys...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
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