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IBS and diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904158/association-between-ultra-processed-food-consumption-and-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-results-from-the-french-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-cohort
#1
Laure Schnabel, Camille Buscail, Jean-Marc Sabate, Michel Bouchoucha, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Benjamin Allès, Mathilde Touvier, Carlos A Monteiro, Serge Hercberg, Robert Benamouzig, Chantal Julia
OBJECTIVES: Ultra-processed foods (UPF) consumption has increased over the last decades and is raising concerns about potential adverse health effects. Our objective was to assess the association between UPF consumption and four functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs): irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), functional constipation (FC), functional diarrhea (FDh), and functional dyspepsia (FDy), in a large sample of French adults. METHODS: We analyzed dietary data of 33,343 participants from the web-based NutriNet-Santé cohort, who completed at least three 24 h food records, prior to a Rome III self-administered questionnaire...
June 15, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902647/analysis-of-fecal-primary-bile-acids-detects-increased-stool-weight-and-colonic-transit-in-patients-with-chronic-functional-diarrhea
#2
Priya Vijayvargiya, Michael Camilleri, Victor Chedid, Paula Carlson, Irene Busciglio, Duane Burton, Leslie Donato
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patients with bile acid diarrhea (BAD) are identified based on increased levels of BAs in fecal samples collected over a 48-hr period while on a 100-gram fat diet (48-hr BA), retention of 75 Se-labeled homocholic acid taurine, or serum levels of C4 or FGF19. BAD increases fecal weight and colonic transit. We investigated whether results of tests for BAD associate with increased fecal weight and more rapid colonic transit over a 24- or 48-hr period in patients with irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D)...
June 11, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886578/use-of-dietary-management-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-results-of-a-survey-of-over-1500-united-states-gastroenterologists
#3
Adrienne Lenhart, Courtney Ferch, Michael Shaw, William D Chey
Background/Aims: Dietary therapy is increasingly used to manage gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We aim to gauge United States gastroenterologists' perceptions of dietary therapies for IBS. Methods: We distributed a 22-question survey to members of the American College of Gastroenterology. The survey was developed by gastroenterologists and survey methodologists. We collected information pertaining to demographics, providers' interpretation of their patients' views on dietary therapy, and gastroenterologists' perceptions on dietary therapy, and nutritional counseling in IBS...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809329/-diet-low-in-fermentable-oligosaccharides-disaccharides-monosaccharides-and-polyols-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-colombia
#4
Ismael De Jesús Yepes, María Nicol Múnera, Carlos Martelo
INTRODUCTION: A growing body of evidence has pointed out the effectiveness of a diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAP) in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. However, there are no local studies to estimate the effects of this strategy on the symptoms and the health-related quality of life in these patients in Colombia or Latin America. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a diet low in FODMAP on the quality of life and the severity of symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndrome in Colombia...
June 5, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764491/does-a-low-fodmaps-diet-reduce-symptoms-of-functional-abdominal-pain-disorders-a-systematic-review-in-adult-and-paediatric-population-on-behalf-of-italian-society-of-pediatrics
#5
REVIEW
Rossella Turco, Silvia Salvatore, Erasmo Miele, Claudio Romano, Gian Luigi Marseglia, Annamaria Staiano
BACKGROUND: Despite the rising of the Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders (FGIDs)' incidence in the last years, the etio-pathogenesis of FGIDs remains unclear. The diet seems to play an important role in these disorders. Indeed, at least two thirds of adult patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and of children with FGIDs perceive their GI symptoms to be food-related. In particular, in the last years, more interest has been focused in the low Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides, and Polyol (FODMAPs) diet...
May 15, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764234/the-role-of-diet-in-the-management-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-focus-on-fodmaps
#6
Russell Dolan, William D Chey, Shanti Eswaran
Irritable bowel syndrome is a common condition that negatively impacts quality of life and results in significant health care expenditures. The vast majority of IBS patients associate their symptoms with eating. Numerous randomized, controlled trials suggest that restriction of dietary FODMAPs improves overall symptoms, abdominal pain, bloating and quality of life in more than half of IBS sufferers. There is emerging data which suggests that other diets (gluten free, guided elimination diets) might also be of benefit to IBS patients...
May 15, 2018: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763907/beyond-irritable-bowel-syndrome-the-efficacy-of-the-low-fodmap-diet-for-improving-symptoms-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-and-celiac-disease
#7
Anna Testa, Nicola Imperatore, Antonio Rispo, Matilde Rea, Raffaella Tortora, Olga Maria Nardone, Lucia Lucci, Grazia Accarino, Nicola Caporaso, Fabiana Castiglione
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To evaluate the usefulness of a low FODMAP (Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides, and Polyols) diet on patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), non-active inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), and celiac disease (CD) on a gluten-free diet (GFD). METHODS: Dietetic interventional prospective study. IBS, IBD, and CD subjects were evaluated to check if they fulfilled the Rome III criteria. Each subject was educated to follow a low FODMAP diet after being evaluated by filling out questionnaires that assessed the quality of life (QoL) and symptoms experienced (IBS-SSS and SF-36), and was reevaluated after 1 and 3 months...
May 15, 2018: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757053/applying-a-low-fodmap-dietary-intervention-to-a-female-ultra-endurance-runner-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-during-a-multi-stage-ultra-marathon
#8
Stephanie K Gaskell, Ricardo J S Costa
Malabsorption of Fermentable Oligo- Di- and Mono-saccharides and Polyols (FODMAPs) in response to prolonged exercise may increase incidence of upper- and lower-gastrointestinal symptoms (GIS), which are known to impair exercise performance. The case-study aimed to explore the impact of a low-FODMAP diet on exercise-associated GIS in a female ultra-endurance runner diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), competing in a six-day 186.7 km mountainous multi-stage ultra-marathon (MSUM). IBS symptom severity score at diagnosis was 410 and following a low-FODMAP diet (3...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748817/the-role-of-the-microbiome-for-human-health-from-basic-science-to-clinical-applications
#9
M Hasan Mohajeri, Robert J M Brummer, Robert A Rastall, Rinse K Weersma, Hermie J M Harmsen, Marijke Faas, Manfred Eggersdorfer
The 2017 annual symposium organized by the University Medical Center Groningen in The Netherlands focused on the role of the gut microbiome in human health and disease. Experts from academia and industry examined interactions of prebiotics, probiotics, or vitamins with the gut microbiome in health and disease, the development of the microbiome in early-life and the role of the microbiome on the gut-brain axis. The gut microbiota changes dramatically during pregnancy and intrinsic factors (such as stress), in addition to extrinsic factors (such as diet, and drugs) influence the composition and activity of the gut microbiome throughout life...
May 10, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710769/the-food-specific-serum-igg-reactivity-in-major-depressive-disorder-patients-irritable-bowel-syndrome-patients-and-healthy-controls
#10
Hanna Karakula-Juchnowicz, Mirosława Gałęcka, Joanna Rog, Anna Bartnicka, Zuzanna Łukaszewicz, Pawel Krukow, Justyna Morylowska-Topolska, Karolina Skonieczna-Zydecka, Tomasz Krajka, Kamil Jonak, Dariusz Juchnowicz
There is an increasing amount of evidence which links the pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with food IgG hyperreactivity. Some authors have suggested that food IgG hyperreactivity could be also involved in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). The aim of this study was to compare levels of serum IgG against 39 selected food antigens between three groups of participants: patients with MDD (MDD group), patients with IBS (IBS group) and healthy controls (HC group). The study included 65 participants (22 in the MDD group, 22 in the IBS group and 21 in the HC group)...
April 28, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702118/improvement-in-gastrointestinal-symptoms-after-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-refractory-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#11
Jeffrey M Lackner, James Jaccard, Laurie Keefer, Darren Brenner, Rebecca Firth, Gregory D Gudleski, Frank Hamilton, Leonard A Katz, Susan S Krasner, Chang-Xing Ma, Christopher Radziwon, Michael D Sitrin
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is an urgent need for safe treatments for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) that relieve treatment-refractory symptoms and their societal and economic burden. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment that has not been broadly adopted into routine clinical practice. We performed a randomized controlled trial to assess clinical responses to home-based CBT compared with clinic-based CBT and patient education. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 436 patients with IBS, based on Rome III criteria, at 2 tertiary centers from August 23, 2010, through October 21, 2016...
April 25, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688915/clinical-and-microbiological-effect-of-a-multispecies-probiotic-supplementation-in-celiac-patients-with-persistent-ibs-type-symptoms-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-multicenter-trial
#12
Ruggiero Francavilla, Maria Piccolo, Antonio Francavilla, Lorenzo Polimeno, Francesco Semeraro, Fernanda Cristofori, Stefania Castellaneta, Michele Barone, Flavia Indrio, Marco Gobbetti, Maria De Angelis
GOALS: The goals of this study were to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a probiotic mixture in patients with celiac disease (CD) with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-type symptoms despite a strict gluten-free diet (GFD). BACKGROUND: About 30% of patients with CD adherent to a GFD suffer from IBS-type symptoms; a possible cause resides in the imbalances of the intestinal microbiota in CD. Probiotics may represent a potential treatment. STUDY: CD patients with IBS-type symptoms entered a prospective, double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled study...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651299/a-leukocyte-activation-test-identifies-food-items-which-induce-release-of-dna-by-innate-immune-peripheral-blood-leucocytes
#13
Irma Garcia-Martinez, Theresa R Weiss, Muhammad N Yousaf, Ather Ali, Wajahat Z Mehal
Background: Leukocyte activation (LA) testing identifies food items that induce a patient specific cellular response in the immune system, and has recently been shown in a randomized double blinded prospective study to reduce symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We hypothesized that test reactivity to particular food items, and the systemic immune response initiated by these food items, is due to the release of cellular DNA from blood immune cells. Methods: We tested this by quantifying total DNA concentration in the cellular supernatant of immune cells exposed to positive and negative foods from 20 healthy volunteers...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605976/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-korea-2017-revised-edition
#14
REVIEW
Kyung Ho Song, Hye-Kyung Jung, Hyun Jin Kim, Hoon Sup Koo, Yong Hwan Kwon, Hyun Duk Shin, Hyun Chul Lim, Jeong Eun Shin, Sung Eun Kim, Dae Hyeon Cho, Jeong Hwan Kim, Hyun Jung Kim
In 2011, the Korean Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility (KSNM) published clinical practice guidelines on the management of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) based on a systematic review of the literature. The KSNM planned to update the clinical practice guidelines to support primary physicians, reduce the socioeconomic burden of IBS, and reflect advances in the pathophysiology and management of IBS. The present revised version of the guidelines is in continuity with the previous version and targets adults diagnosed with, or suspected to have, IBS...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568206/low-fodmap-vs-regular-rye-bread-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-randomized-smartpill-%C3%A2-study
#15
Laura Pirkola, Reijo Laatikainen, Jussi Loponen, Sanna-Maria Hongisto, Markku Hillilä, Anu Nuora, Baoru Yang, Kaisa M Linderborg, Riitta Freese
AIM: To compare the effects of regular vs low-FODMAP rye bread on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms and to study gastrointestinal conditions with SmartPill® . METHODS: Our aim was to evaluate if rye bread low in FODMAPs would cause reduced hydrogen excretion, lower intraluminal pressure, higher colonic pH, different transit times, and fewer IBS symptoms than regular rye bread. The study was a randomized, double-blind, controlled cross-over meal study. Female IBS patients ( n = 7) ate study breads at three consecutive meals during one day...
March 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503786/a-mexican-honeymoon-marred-by-gastrointestinal-upset-a-case-of-dientamoeba-fragilis-causing-post-infectious-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#16
Saeed Ali, Neelam Khetpal, Muhammad Talha Khan, Mamoon Rasheed, Fnu Asad-Ur-Rahman, Karen Echeverria-Beltran
Dientamoeba fragilis (D. fragilis) is an anaerobic intestinal protozoan parasite that has been associated with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-like symptoms. We report a case of post-infectious IBS caused by D. fragilis treated successfully with metronidazole. A 33-year-old African American male with an unremarkable past medical history was seen in the office with a three-month history of intermittent, generalized, crampy abdominal pain with bloating and flatulence without associated weight loss. He visited Mexico for his honeymoon four months ago...
December 27, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498019/a-review-of-microbiota-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome-future-in-therapies
#17
REVIEW
Bruno K Rodiño-Janeiro, María Vicario, Carmen Alonso-Cotoner, Roberto Pascua-García, Javier Santos
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), one of the most frequent digestive disorders, is characterized by chronic and recurrent abdominal pain and altered bowel habit. The origin seems to be multifactorial and is still not well defined for the different subtypes. Genetic, epigenetic and sex-related modifications of the functioning of the nervous and immune-endocrine supersystems and regulation of brain-gut physiology and bile acid production and absorption are certainly involved. Acquired predisposition may act in conjunction with infectious, toxic, dietary and life event-related factors to enhance epithelial permeability and elicit mucosal microinflammation, immune activation and dysbiosis...
March 2018: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497906/adherence-to-a-low-fodmap-diet-in-relation-to-symptoms-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-iranian-adults
#18
Helia Pourmand, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Parvane Saneei, Hamed Daghaghzadeh, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Peyman Adibi
BACKGROUND: Most studies assessing the influence of a low fermentable oligo-, di-, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAP) diet on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms were clinical trials with a small sample size. OBJECTIVE: This study was done to examine the association between adherence to a low FODMAP diet and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome in Iranian adults. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, data on 3362 Iranian adults were collected...
May 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459596/irritable-bowel-syndrome-prevalence-and-dietary-factors-in-the-sylhet-district-of-bangladesh
#19
M Saha, I Parveen, M S Uddoula, M J Alam, N S Afsar, B C Debnath, S E Ali
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common functional bowel disorder. Along with other factors diet plays an important role in the causation of IBS. This population-based study was done to find out the prevalence of IBS and to find out the dietary factors associated with IBS from August 2011 to December 2011 in Sylhet district of Bangladesh. Nineteen hundred apparently healthy subjects selected by cluster sampling methods were interviewed by a validated bowel disease questionnaire. Dietary history of the subjects was also taken...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451364/prevalence-of-celiac-disease-in-adult-chinese-patients-with-diarrhea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-prospective-controlled-cohort-study
#20
Guan Jun Kou, Jing Guo, Xiu Li Zuo, Chang Qing Li, Chao Liu, Rui Ji, Han Liu, Xiao Wang, Yan Qing Li
OBJECTIVE: Celiac disease is a chronic inflammatory enteropathy with a symptom spectrum similar to that of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). It is a common but largely undiagnosed condition in the Western countries. However, it is extremely rare among Chinese individuals, and few studies have investigated its prevalence in China. The aim was to determine the prevalence of celiac disease in patients with IBS who were diagnosed using the Rome III criteria in a single center of northern China...
March 2018: Journal of Digestive Diseases
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