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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784583/medical-techniques-of-fertility-preservation-in-the-male-and-female
#1
C Vinolas, J Raad, C Sonigo, C Sifer, N Sermondade, M Grynberg
Therapeutic advances in many medical fields have led to the need to consider patient quality of life after curative medico-surgical treatments for malignancy. Thus, it has become a major issue for young patients to preserve the ability to become "genetic" parents, with their own gametes. While the preservation of male fertility has been an established technique for more than 30 years, it is only in the last decade that progress in cryopreservation techniques has allowed surgeons to offer successful oocyte and ovarian tissue cryobanking...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783250/-signifuing-resident-of-the-city-poltava-at-the-expense-of-signs-stroke-risk-factors-and-urgent-measures-according-to-medico-social-survey
#2
Anzhelina M Kryvchun, Nataliia V Lytvynenko, Viktoriia A Pinchuk, Galyna Ya Sylenko, Viktoriia M Gladka
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The problem of cerebrovascular diseases and their most severe form - cerebral stroke is one of the most pressing problems in modern medicine due to the high level of lethality, significant disability of patients. The aim: To assess and increase the sign of residents of the city Poltava at the expense of signs of stroke, its risk factors for emergence and emergency measures for stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: During the annual social event dedicated to the World Stroke Day, on October 27, 2017, a survey of 981 people in Poltava city was conducted by volunteer students and staff of the Department of Nervous Diseases with Neurosurgery and Medical Genetics of "Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy"...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782257/-deficit-of-magnesium-and-states-of-hypercoagulation-intellectual-analysis-of-data-obtained-from-a-sample-of-patients-aged-18-50-years-from-medical-and-preventive-facilities-in-russia
#3
O A Gromova, I Y Torshin, Z D Kobalava, M A Sorokina, S V Villevalde, S A Galochkin, I V Gogoleva, O N Gracheva, T R Grishina, A N Gromov, E Y Egorova, A G Kalacheva, S I Malyavskaya, I A Meraĭ, V A Semenov
The states characterized by pronounced hypercoagulable components (deep vein thrombosis, cardio- and cerebro-vascular pathologies) are caused by multiple pathophysiological factors, including insufficient supply of magnesium (Mg) and other micronutrients. AIM: to present results of analysis of the Institute of Microelements Data Base (IMDB) performed from point of view of interrelationships of Mg deficit and hypercoagulable states in adults treated in medico-preventive facilities of Central, Northwestern, Northern, and Siberian federal districts of Russia...
April 2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780757/huge-candida-albicans-normal-native-tricuspid-valve-endocarditis
#4
Massimiliano Guerriero, Francesco Colasurdo, Anna Maria Pollio
Fungal endocarditis has become an important infection associated with medical progress and the modern lifestyle. In particular, Candida spp. is a rare but important cause of infective endocarditis. We report the case of a 28-year-old woman-quadriplegic and bedridden from birth-who died after repeated episodes of pneumonia treated with different regimens of intravenous antibiotics. A medico legal autopsy was performed, which diagnosed severe Candida native valve infective endocarditis (CIE). This case report illustrates the prolonged use of antibiotic treatment as a possible risk factor for the development of CIE...
April 2018: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777982/documentation-and-analysis-of-traumatic-injuries-in-clinical-forensic-medicine-involving-structured-light-three-dimensional-surface-scanning-versus-photography
#5
Awatif Shamata, Tim Thompson
Non-contact three-dimensional (3D) surface scanning has been applied in forensic medicine and has been shown to mitigate shortcoming of traditional documentation methods. The aim of this paper is to assess the efficiency of structured light 3D surface scanning in recording traumatic injuries of live cases in clinical forensic medicine. The work was conducted in Medico-Legal Centre in Benghazi, Libya. A structured light 3D surface scanner and ordinary digital camera with close-up lens were used to record the injuries and to have 3D and two-dimensional (2D) documents of the same traumas...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770534/evaluating-the-impact-of-physicians-provision-on-primary-healthcare-evidence-from-brazil-s-more-doctors-program
#6
Luiz Felipe Campos Fontes, Otavio Canozzi Conceição, Paulo de Andrade Jacinto
This study aims to evaluate the More Doctors Program (Programa Mais Médicos) in terms of the provision of physicians, presenting estimates of its impact on hospitalization for ambulatory care sensitive conditions. The differences-in-differences method was used with propensity score matching (double difference matching), using 3 specifications, a falsification test, and also a dynamic endogeneity test to confirm the robustness of the results. For the application of this methodology, a panel of municipal data was constructed covering several variables related to socioeconomic, demographic, and public health infrastructure characteristics in the cities for the period from 2010 to 2016...
May 16, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763338/retrieval-of-an-unusually-displaced-implant-with-healing-cap-into-the-mandibular-canal
#7
Vugar Gurbanov, Damla Torul, Dilara Kazan
Accidental displacement of dental implants into the anatomical spaces is a rare complication which may accompanied by tissue damage, functional disturbance, psychological distress and medico-legal conditions. The aim of this report is to present an unusual case of dental implant which displaced into the mandibular canal, and to highlight the importance of adequate preoperative planning and surgical knowledge.
May 15, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756116/intraabdominal-gossypiboma-report-of-two-cases
#8
Ebru Oran, Gürkan Yetkin, Nurcihan Aygün, Fevzi Celayir, Mehmet Uludağ
Gossypiboma which cause medico-legal implications is a heritage of previous surgery. In this study, we present two cases of gossypiboma mimicking intraabdominal malignancy. Case 1: A 28-year-old woman presented with an epigastric mass measuring 10 cm in diameter and a history of open cholecystectomy performed three years ago. Radiological exams revealed a cystic mass at the lesser sac and suggested serous cystadenocarcinoma. Case 2: A 36-year-old female patient with a history of two caesarean sections had a mass in the left lower quadrant...
2018: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756112/idiopathic-weight-loss-due-to-an-entero-enteric-fistula-from-a-gossypiboma-retained-for-27-years
#9
Yusuf Tanrıkulu, Ceren Şen Tanrıkulu, Gökhan Yılmaz, Ercan Bıçakcı
Gossypiboma refers to a mass formed around surgical instruments or materials left in the body postoperatively. The occurrence of gossypibomas remains an important problem, despite improvements in surgical procedures and operating room facilities. The clinical presentation of gossypiboma can vary depending on the host response. This report describes a case of abdominal gossypiboma after splenectomy. A 48-year-old man who had undergone splenectomy 27 years ago was admitted to our clinic suffering from non-specific symptoms for 2 weeks...
2018: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754257/fatal-unexpected-death-due-to-familial-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-type-3
#10
Jiao Mu, Chunting Jin, Zhenglian Chen, Jianfeng Li, Bin Lv, Hongmei Dong
Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of immune dysregulation associated with uncontrolled activation of cytotoxic T cells and macrophages. Herein, we report a case of a 14-month-old Chinese boy who presented with fever, abdominal distension and thrombopenia, and died within 3 days of admission to the hospital. Postmortem examination revealed pleuroperitoneal fluid, enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes and hepatosplenomegaly. Histopathological examination showed interstitial pneumonia, hepatonecrosis and hemophagocytosis...
May 12, 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750112/efficacy-and-economic-impact-evaluation-of-a-navigation-system-for-assisted-lung-biopsy
#11
Sara Giannatiempo, Giorgio Carpino, Tommasangelo Petitti, Bruno B Zobel, Rosario F Grasso, Eugenio Guglielmelli
This Letter reports on the testing and assessment of an optical computed tomography-navigation system for percutaneous lung interventional, SIRIO, showing how the lesion diameter affects the bioptic procedure. Clinical data, relating to 501 patients, were collected at the Department of Interventional Radiology of Policlinico Universitario Campus Bio-Medico. This Letter shows that the diameter of lesion affects only the procedure duration (50.91 ± 18.87 min for lesions of diameter ≤20 mm and 44.98 ± 19.43 min for lesions of diameter >20 and ≤40 mm)...
April 2018: Healthcare Technology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748818/the-biotechnology-genetic-transformation-and-molecular-biology-of-bixa-orellana-l-achiote
#12
REVIEW
Jaime A Teixeira da Silva, Judit Dobránszki, Renata Rivera-Madrid
Genetic transformation allows for greater bixin or norbixin production in achiote. Knowledge of genes that control the biosynthesis of these important secondary metabolites will allow for targeted amplification in transgenic plants. Annatto is a natural dye or coloring agent derived from the seeds, or their arils, of achiote (Bixa orellana L.), and is commercially known as E160b. The main active component of annatto dye is water-insoluble bixin, although water-soluble norbixin also has commercial applications...
May 10, 2018: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747768/-the-multidisciplinary-and-specific-care-of-children-with-trisomy-21
#13
Caroline Philippe Stenger, Corinne Mary, Ophélie Nartz, Emmanuelle Stephan
A centre for early medico-social action supports children aged between 0 and 6 with a disability or likely to present a developmental disorder. One such centre has put in place a specific multidisciplinary follow-up of children with trisomy 21 and their family, with the added support of a wide network of partners. Particular attention is paid to providing early guidance and support for the parents.
May 2018: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745484/-transition-from-postgraduate-training-to-independent-practice-can-we-do-better
#14
Noëlle Junod Perron, Cédric Lanier, Sanae Mazouri
Transition from postgraduate training to independent practice in primary care can be experienced as very stressful. This may be partly explained by the fact that in Switzerland, only six months training in ambulatory medicine are required as part of a five year training for the title of primary care physician. This seems largely insufficient given the diversity of tasks and skills to master. This article aims to make junior doctors aware of the medical and non medical skills they should acquire before entering in primary care independent practice (practice management, insurance, medico-legal issues)...
May 9, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745250/genetic-differentiation-in-a-sample-from-northern-mexico-city-detected-by-hla-system-analysis-impact-in-the-study-of-population-immunogenetics
#15
Eva D Juárez Cortés, Miguel A Contreras Sieck, Agustín J Arriaga Perea, Rosa M Macías Medrano, Anaí Balbuena Jaime, Paola Everardo Martínez, Joaquín Zúñiga, Víctor Acuña Alonzo, Julio Granados, Rodrigo Barquera
The major histocompatibility complex is directly involved in the immune response, and thus the genes coding for its proteins are useful markers for the study of genetic diversity, susceptibility to disease (autoimmunity and infections), transplant medicine, and pharmacogenetics, among others. The polymorphism of the system also allows researchers to use it as a proxy for population genetics analysis, such as genetic admixture and genetic structure. In order to determine the immunogenetic characteristics of a sample from the northern part of Mexico City and to use them to analyze the genetic differentiation from other admixed populations, including those from previous studies of Mexico City population, we analyzed molecular typing results of donors and patients from the Histocompatibility Laboratory of the Central Blood Bank of the Centro Médico Nacional La Raza selected according to their geographic origin...
July 2017: Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744076/a-case-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-wound-infection-phylogenetic-analysis-to-establish-if-nosocomial-or-community-acquired
#16
Francesco Cancilleri, Massimo Ciccozzi, Marta Fogolari, Eleonora Cella, Lucia De Florio, Alessandra Berton, Giuseppe Salvatore, Giordano Dicuonzo, Silvia Spoto, Vincenzo Denaro, Silvia Angeletti
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection is rapidly increasing in both hospital and community settings. A 71-year-old man admitted at the Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome, with MRSA wound infection consequent to orthopedic surgery was studied and the MRSA transmission evaluated by phylogenetic analysis.
May 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739286/sixfold-post-fracture-mortality-in-16-to-30-year-old-patients-suicides-homicides-and-intoxications-among-leading-causes-of-death
#17
A Somersalo, J Paloneva, E Lönnroos, M Heinänen, H Koponen, I Kiviranta
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The death of any young individual is associated with the loss of many potentially fulfilling years of life. It has been suggested that the relative mortality of fracture patients may be higher in younger age groups than in older cohorts. We determined the mortality and causes of death in a cohort of 16- to 30-year-old patients that had been hospitalized for fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We collected data using criteria based on the diagnosis code (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision), surgical procedure code (Nordic Medico-Statistical Committee), and seven additional characteristics of patients admitted to the trauma ward at the Central Finland Hospital between 2002 and 2008...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736676/basic-photographic-standards-for-abdominal-contouring-procedures-and-abdominoplasty-lipectomy
#18
Marion Dietl, Peter Kompatscher
Standardized reliable medical photographic documentation should be made by every plastic surgeon for valid comparisons of preoperative and post-operative illustrations. However, photographic documentation in aesthetic surgery has also an important medico-legal impact as if not performed accurately it can result in severe legal ramifications. Therefore, we evaluated and redefined the existing photographic standards for abdominal contouring procedures and abdominoplasty/lipectomy further, to achieve consistent detailed photographs without any corresponding distortion or distraction...
May 7, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733072/la-importancia-de-la-farmacovigilancia-intrahospitalaria-en-la-detecci%C3%A3-n-oportuna-de-los-errores-de-medicaci%C3%A3-n
#19
Francisco Villegas, David Figueroa-Montero, Varenka Barbero-Becerra, Eva Juárez-Hernández, Misael Uribe, Norberto Chávez-Tapia, Octavio González-Chon
Introducción: Los pacientes hospitalizados son susceptibles a errores de medicación, que representan entre la cuarta y sexta causa de muerte. El servicio de farmacovigilancia intrahospitalaria interviene en todo el proceso de medicación con el fin prevenir, corregir y evaluar los daños. Objetivo: Analizar los errores de medicación reportados por el sistema de farmacovigilancia de la Fundación Clínica Médica Sur, México, y su impacto en los pacientes. Método: Estudio prospectivo efectuado de 2012 a 2015, en el que se registraron las prescripciones de medicamente a los pacientes...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733069/el-movimiento-m%C3%A3-dico-y-el-doctor-ismael-cos%C3%A3-o-villegas-a-medio-siglo
#20
José Luis Sandoval-Gutiérrez
En 1964, los médicos residentes e internos de la República Mexicana decidieron realizar un paro de labores que se extendió por meses; varios médicos notables decidieron unirse a las causas que motivaron dicho movimiento, entre ellos el director general en ese momento del Sanatorio para Tuberculosos de Huipulco, el doctor Ismael Cosío Villegas, cuya participación y entrega es histórica. La determinación del doctor Cosío Villegas provocó que se le exigiera su renuncia. La comunidad médica aún se desconoce su trayectoria...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
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