keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

renal cancer model

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455394/culture-in-embryonic-kidney-serum-and-xeno-free-media-as-renal-cell-carcinoma-and-renal-cell-carcinoma-cancer-stem-cells-research-model
#1
Krzysztof M Krawczyk, Damian Matak, Lukasz Szymanski, Cezary Szczylik, Camillo Porta, Anna M Czarnecka
The use of fetal bovine serum hinders obtaining reproducible experimental results and should also be removed in hormone and growth factor studies. In particular hormones found in FBS act globally on cancer cell physiology and influence transcriptome and metabolome. The aim of our study was to develop a renal carcinoma serum free culture model optimized for (embryonal) renal cells in order to select the best study model for downstream auto-, para- or endocrine research. Secondary aim was to verify renal carcinoma stem cell culture for this application...
February 17, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455379/comparative-study-of-different-classification-models-in-renal-cell-carcinoma
#2
Alejandro José Sastre-Heres, Irene Iglesias, Miguel Alaguero-Calero, Daniel Ruiz-Sánchez, Benito García-Díaz, Jaime Peña-Díaz
The aim of this study was to compare the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) and the Cleveland Clinic Foundation (CCF) models of classification of aRCC patients. In addition, the model developed from the pivotal trial of temsirolimus and those proposed by Motzer et al. in 2004, Escudier et al., Heng et al., Choueiri et al. and Bamias et al. were examined. An observational, retrospective study of patients starting first-line systemic therapy was conducted between 2008 and 2011. The variables used to evaluate the classification models were median overall survival (mOS) and median progression-free survival (mPFS)...
February 17, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454952/probing-the-interaction-of-the-phytochemical-6-gingerol-from-the-spice-ginger-with-dna
#3
Poovvathingal Haris, Varughese Mary, Chellappanpillai Sudarsanakumar
6-Gingerol [5-hydroxy-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl) decan-3-one], the bio-active ingredient of the popular Indian spice ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe), is well-known for its pharmacological and physiological actions. The potent antioxidant, antiemetic, antiulcer, antimicrobial, analgesic, hypoglycemic, antihypertensive, antihyperlipidemic, immunostimulant, anti-inflammatory, cardiotonic, and cancer prevention activities of 6-Gingerol has been investigated and explored. 6-Gingerol is a good candidate for the treatment of various cancers including prostrate, pancreatic, breast, skin, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, and renal cancer...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453736/reproductive-epidemiology-of-glial-tumors-may-reveal-novel-treatments-high-dose-progestins-or-progesterone-antagonists-as-endocrino-immune-modifiers-against-glioma
#4
REVIEW
Meric A Altinoz, Aysel Ozpinar, Ilhan Elmaci
Female gender, contraceptives, and menopausal hormone replacement treatments containing progesterone analogues associate with higher risk of meningiomas yet with lower risk of gliomas. Progesterone receptor (PR) expression and mifepristone treatment was highly discussed for meningiomas. However, much less is known in regard to progesterone actions in gliomas despite PR expression strongly correlates with their grade. Meningiomas and gliomas may grow faster during gestation; but paradoxically, parousity reduces lifetime risk of gliomas which can be explained with dichotomous cell growth-stimulating and inhibitory actions of progesterone at low versus high levels...
February 17, 2018: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451695/decreased-early-mortality-associated-with-the-treatment-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-at-national-cancer-institute-designated-cancer-centers-in-california
#5
Gwendolyn Ho, Ted Wun, Lori Muffly, Qian Li, Ann Brunson, Aaron S Rosenberg, Brian A Jonas, Theresa H M Keegan
BACKGROUND: To the authors' knowledge, few population-based studies to date have evaluated the association between location of care, complications with induction therapy, and early mortality in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). METHODS: Using linked data from the California Cancer Registry and Patient Discharge Dataset (1999-2014), the authors identified adult (aged ≥18 years) patients with AML who received inpatient treatment within 30 days of diagnosis...
February 16, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448247/knockdown-of-magea6-activates-amp-activated-protein-kinase-ampk-signaling-to-inhibit-human-renal-cell-carcinoma-cells
#6
Xueting Ye, Jing Xie, Hang Huang, Zhexian Deng
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Melanoma antigen A6 (MAGEA6) is a cancer-specific ubiquitin ligase of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). The current study tested MAGEA6 expression and potential function in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: MAGEA6 and AMPK expression in human RCC tissues and RCC cells were tested by Western blotting assay and qRT-PCR assay. shRNA method was applied to knockdown MAGEA6 in human RCC cells. Cell survival and proliferation were tested by MTT assay and BrdU ELISA assay, respectively...
February 9, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444170/genotypic-and-phenotypic-characterization-of-the-sdccag8tn-sb-tyr-2161b-ca1c2ove-mouse-model
#7
Katie Weihbrecht, Wesley A Goar, Calvin S Carter, Val C Sheffield, Seongjin Seo
Nephronophthisis-related ciliopathies (NPHP-RC) are a group of disorders that present with end-stage renal failure in childhood/adolescence, kidney cysts, retinal degeneration, and cerebellar hypoplasia. One disorder that shares clinical features with NPHP-RC is Bardet-Biedl Syndrome (BBS). Serologically defined colon cancer antigen 8 (SDCCAG8; also known as NPHP10 and BBS16) is an NPHP gene that is also associated with BBS. To better understand the patho-mechanisms of NPHP and BBS caused by loss of SDCCAG8 function, we characterized an SDCCAG8 mouse model (Sdccag8Tn(sb-Tyr)2161B...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440190/a-model-linking-sickle-cell-hemoglobinopathies-and-smarcb1-loss-in-renal-medullary-carcinoma
#8
Pavlos Msaouel, Nizar M Tannir, Cheryl Lyn Walker
Renal medullary carcinoma (RMC) is a highly aggressive malignancy that predominantly afflicts young adults and adolescents with sickle hemoglobinopathies. It is characterized by complete loss of expression of the chromatin remodeler and tumor suppressor SMARCB1. Despite therapy, the outcomes of patients with RMC remain very poor, highlighting the need to understand the etiology of this cancer, and develop new diagnostic, preventive, and therapeutic strategies. A key knowledge gap in RMC biology is why sickle hemoglobinopathies predispose to the development of this cancer...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435141/induction-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction-dependent-apoptosis-signaling-pathway-in-human-renal-cancer-cells-by-norcantharidin
#9
Min-Hua Wu, Hui-Ling Chiou, Chu-Liang Lin, Ching-Yi Lin, Shun-Fa Yang, Yi-Hsien Hsieh
Previous studies reported that norcantharidin (NCTD) has anti-tumor effects. We investigated the antitumor effects and underlying mechanism of NCTD on human renal cancer in vitro and in vivo. NCTD significantly decreased renal cancer cell viability by induction of apoptosis, as determined by the MTT assay and annexin V/PI staining. NCTD treatment of 786-O and A-498 cells altered the expression of caspase family proteins and PARP. Moreover, NCTD induced mitochondrial depolarization, which was accompanied by an increased level of Bax and decreased levels of Bcl-2 and Mcl-1...
January 12, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435133/elucidating-mechanisms-of-sunitinib-resistance-in-renal-cancer-an-integrated-pathological-molecular-analysis
#10
Henriett Butz, Qiang Ding, Roy Nofech-Mozes, Zsuzsanna Lichner, Heyu Ni, George M Yousef
Upon sunitinib treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients eventually acquire resistance. Our aim was to investigate microRNAs behind sunitinib resistance. We developed an in vivo xenograft and an in vitro model and compared morphological, immunhistochemical, transcriptomical and miRNome data changes during sunitinib response and resistance by performing next-generation mRNA and miRNA sequencing. Complex bioinformatics (pathway, BioFunction and network) analysis were performed. Results were validated by in vitro functional assays...
January 12, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434939/identification-of-metabolism-associated-genes-and-pathways-involved-in-different-stages-of-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#11
Hui-Juan Li, Wen-Xing Li, Shao-Xing Dai, Yi-Cheng Guo, Jun-Juan Zheng, Jia-Qian Liu, Qian Wang, Bi-Wen Chen, Gong-Hua Li, Jing-Fei Huang
The lack of early diagnostic markers and novel therapeutic targets for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) negatively affects patient prognosis. Cancer metabolism is an attractive area for the understanding of the molecular mechanism of carcinogenesis. The present study attempted to identify metabolic changes from the view of the expression of metabolism-associated genes between control samples and those of ccRCC at different disease stages. Data concerning ccRCC gene expression obtained by RNA-sequencing was obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas and data on metabolism-associated genes were extracted using the Recon2 model...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427002/long-term-oncological-outcomes-after-robotic-partial-nephrectomy-for-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-prospective-multicentre-study
#12
Jean-Baptiste Beauval, Benoit Peyronnet, Thibaut Benoit, Bastien Cabarrou, Thomas Seisen, Mathieu Roumiguié, Benjamin Pradere, Zine-Eddine Khene, Quentin Manach, Gregory Verhoest, Mathieu Thoulouzan, Jerome Parra, Nicolas Doumerc, Romain Mathieu, Christophe Vaessen, Michel Soulié, Morgan Roupret, Karim Bensalah
PURPOSE: This study aimed at reporting the long-term oncological outcomes of robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: Data from all consecutive patients who underwent RAPN for RCC from July 2009 to January 2012 in three departments of urology were prospectively collected. Overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS) and disease free-survival (DFS) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Prognostic factors associated with CSS were sought in univariate analysis...
February 9, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423535/the-population-impact-of-rheumatic-and-musculoskeletal-diseases-in-relation-to-other-non-communicable-disorders-comparing-two-estimation-approaches
#13
Daniela Simões, Fábio Azevedo Araújo, Teresa Monjardino, Milton Severo, Ivo Cruz, Loreto Carmona, Raquel Lucas
The aim of this study was to quantify the population impact of rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs) with other non-communicable diseases (NCDs), using two complementary strategies: standard multivariate models based on global burden of disease (GBD)-defined groups vs. empirical mutually exclusive patterns of NCDs. We used cross-sectional data from the Portuguese Fourth National Health Survey (n = 23,752). Six GBD-defined groups were included: RMDs, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma, cancer, depression, diabetes or renal failure, and stroke or myocardial infarction...
February 8, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422388/acetazolamide-based-18f-pet-tracer-in-vivo-validation-of-carbonic-anhydrase-ix-as-a-sole-target-for-imaging-of-ca-ix-expressing-hypoxic-solid-tumors
#14
Kunal N More, Jun Young Lee, Dong-Yeon Kim, Nam-Chul Cho, Ayoung Pyo, Misun Yun, Hyeon Sik Kim, Hangun Kim, Kwangseok Ko, Jeong-Hoon Park, Dong-Jo Chang
Carbonic anhydrase IX is overexpressed in many solid tumors including hypoxic tumors and is a potential target for cancer therapy and diagnosis. Reported imaging agents targeting CA-IX are successful mostly in clear cell renal carcinoma as SKRC-52 and no candidate was approved yet in clinical trials for imaging of CA-IX. To validate CA-IX as a valid target for imaging of hypoxic tumor, we designed and synthesized novel [18F]-PET tracer (1) based on acetazolamide which is one of the well-known CA-IX inhibitors and performed imaging study in CA-IX expressing hypoxic tumor model as 4T1 and HT-29 in vivo models other than SKRC-52...
February 1, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416764/characterization-of-the-effects-of-defined-multidimensional-culture-conditions-on-conditionally-reprogrammed-primary-human-prostate-cells
#15
Lucas Tricoli, Aisha Naeem, Erika Parasido, John P Mikhaiel, Muhammad Umer Choudhry, Deborah L Berry, Iman A Abdelgawad, Richard J Lee, Adam S Feldman, Chukwuemeka Ihemelandu, Maria Avantaggiati, Deepak Kumar, Stephen Byers, Rosa Gallagher, Julia Wulfkuhle, Emanuel Petricoin, Olga Rodriguez, Chris Albanese
The inability to propagate human prostate epithelial cells indefinitely has historically presented a serious impediment to prostate cancer research. The conditionally reprogrammed cell (CRC) approach uses the combination of irradiated J2 mouse fibroblasts and a Rho kinase inhibitor such as Y27632 to support the continuous culture of cells derived from most epithelial tissues, including the prostate. Due to their rapid establishment and overall ease of use, CRCs are now widely used in a variety of basic and preclinical settings...
January 5, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414985/the-quaternary-state-of-polymerized-human-hemoglobin-regulates-oxygenation-of-breast-cancer-solid-tumors-a-theoretical-and-experimental-study
#16
Donald A Belcher, Julia A Ju, Jin Hyen Baek, Ayla Yalamanoglu, Paul W Buehler, Daniele M Gilkes, Andre F Palmer
A major constraint in the treatment of cancer is inadequate oxygenation of the tumor mass, which can reduce chemotherapeutic efficacy. We hypothesize that polymerized human hemoglobin (PolyhHb) can be transfused into the systemic circulation to increase solid tumor oxygenation, and improve chemotherapeutic outcomes. By locking PolyhHb in the relaxed (R) quaternary state, oxygen (O2) offloading at low O2 tensions (<20 mm Hg) may be increased, while O2 offloading at high O2 tensions (>20 mm Hg) is facilitated with tense (T) state PolyhHb...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409743/tolerance-induction-in-hla-disparate-living-donor-kidney-transplantation-by-facilitating-cell-enriched-donor-stem-cell-infusion-the-importance-of-durable-chimerism
#17
REVIEW
Joseph R Leventhal, Suzanne T Ildstad
Successful solid organ transplantation currently requires the life-long use of medications to suppress the immune system in order to prevent transplant rejection. Drug-based immunosuppression significantly increases the risk of infection and cancer, as well as being very costly. Development of new therapies to minimize or eliminate entirely the need for anti-rejection drugs is of great interest to the transplant community. Therapeutic cell transfer for the control of the human immune system represents a compelling approach to reduce or eliminate the need for anti-rejection drugs...
February 2, 2018: Human Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405976/evaluation-of-resveratrol-in-cancer-patients-and-experimental-models
#18
Monica A Valentovic
Cancer is one of the top three causes of death in the United States. The treatment regimen for controlling cancer includes a number of approaches depending on the classification of the tumor. Treatment may include radiation, surgery, and cancer chemotherapy agents as well as other interventions. Natural products have been identified for centuries to contain active pharmacologic activity and have been a starting point for numerous drugs which are currently on the market. Resveratrol (RES) is a natural product generated in plants in response to environmental stress and growing conditions...
2018: Advances in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402706/association-between-pretreatment-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-outcome-of-patients-with-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-treated-with-nivolumab
#19
Mehmet Asim Bilen, Giselle Marie Almeida Dutcher, Yuan Liu, Deepak Ravindranathan, Haydn T Kissick, Bradley C Carthon, Omer Kucuk, Wayne B Harris, Viraj A Master
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers to guide treatment in metastatic renal-cell carcinoma (mRCC) are lacking. We aimed to investigate the association between pretreatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and outcome of patients with mRCC receiving nivolumab. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Through retrospective chart review, we identified 38 patients with mRCC treated with standard-of-care nivolumab between 2015 and 2016 at Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University. NLR was determined from complete blood count collected before starting treatment, and imaging was performed to assess progression...
January 4, 2018: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401040/imaging-follow-up-of-low-risk-incidental-pancreas-and-kidney-findings-effects-of-patient-age-and-comorbidity-on-projected-life-expectancy
#20
Tiana J Raphel, Davis T Weaver, Lincoln L Berland, Brian R Herts, Alec J Megibow, Amy B Knudsen, Pari V Pandharipande
Purpose To determine the effects of patient age and comorbidity level on life expectancy (LE) benefits associated with imaging follow-up of Bosniak IIF renal cysts and pancreatic side-branch (SB) intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs). Materials and Methods A decision-analytic Markov model to evaluate LE benefits was developed. Hypothetical cohorts with varied age (60-80 years) and comorbidities (none, mild, moderate, or severe) were evaluated. For each finding, LE projections from two strategies were compared: imaging follow-up and no imaging follow-up...
February 5, 2018: Radiology
keyword
keyword
113910
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"