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Sara Bellavista, Antonietta D' Antuono, Salvatore Domenico Infusino, Roberto Trimarco, Annalisa Patrizi
Pruritic papular eruption (PPE) is a skin disease characterized by the eruption of itching papules on the extremities, face, and trunk; it is quite frequent in HIV-positive patients especially during the advanced immunosuppressive stage. PPE usually improves or heals when antiretroviral therapy restores the immune system function, but in some cases, it can take several months, and a symptomatic treatment for PPE is required. Systemic antihistamines, topical steroids, topical tacrolimus, itraconazole, pentoxyphilline, and ultraviolet B phototherapy have been proposed in cases of persisting PPE, but an elective treatment has not yet been found...
March 2013: Dermatologic Therapy
Amr Abdel Raheem, Nagla Rushwan, Giulio Garaffa, Evangelos Zacharakis, Alpesh Doshi, Carleen Heath, Paul Serhal, Joyce C Harper, Nim A Christopher, David Ralph
UNLABELLED: WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: The management of patients with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) and some cases of obstructive azoospermia involves testicular sperm extraction (TESE or micro-dissection TESE) combined with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Several studies have investigated the effect of the male age, the cause of azoospermia, testicular histopathology, the type of sperm used, and the use of pentoxyphilline, on the ICSI cycle outcome in men with azoospermia...
July 2013: BJU International
Eugenia Yiannakopoulou, Nikolaos Nikiteas, Despina Perrea, Christos Tsigris
This systematic review aims to synthesize the data on the effectiveness of pharmacological modulation of stress response in minimally invasive surgery. Eligible trials were clinical trials randomized or not or experimental trials that investigated the effect of pharmacological agents on modulation of surgical stress response to minimally invasive surgery. No clinical trials were identified. Eight experimental trials met the inclusion criteria and were obtained in full text. Experimental models were rats or rabbits subjected to pneumoperitoneum, or pneumoretroperitoneum, not to a whole operation...
June 2012: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Cinzia Cavestro, Luca Richetta, Enrico Pedemonte, Giovanni Asteggiano
Sneddon's syndrome is a rare vascular disease affecting mainly skin and brain arterioles leading to their occlusion due to excessive endothelial proliferation. The two main features of this syndrome are livedo reticularis and lacunar subcortical infarcts. Here, we describe the case of a 64-year-old woman presenting with a 4-year history of a throbbing, bilateral, parieto-occipital headache associated with facial pain, but without any other accompanying symptom. The pain, initially misdiagnosed as atypical trigeminal neuralgia, worsened up to chronic daily and such severely disabling headache that she was constrained to bed...
June 2009: Journal of Headache and Pain
Süheyla Ocak, Baris Ekici, Halit Cam, Yücel Taştan
Nicolau syndrome (livedoid dermatitis) is a very rare complication of intramuscular injections and manifests as excruciating pain immediately after injection. We describe a 3-year-old boy with diagnosis of Nicolau syndrome after intramuscular benzathine penicillin injection to the midanterior part of the left thigh. He was treated with hyberbaric oxygen and pentoxyphilline in addition to supportive treatment and recovered with no sequelae.
August 2006: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
B Wechsler, R Sablé-Fourtassou, B Bodaghi, D L T Huong, N Cassoux, I Badelon, O Fain, P LeHoang, J-C Piette
OBJECTIVE: To report 4 cases of refractory panuveitis due to Behçet's disease treated with a novel therapy: infliximab. METHODS: Retrospective study of 3 women and 1 man of Causasian origin with Behçet's disease complicated with panuveitis. Their uveitis was relapsing from 48 to 96 months and was resistant to the combination of colchicine (n = 4), high-dose prednisone (n = 4), pentoxyphilline (n = 2) and various immunossuppressors and/or immunomodulators given successively: intravenous cyclophosphamide (n = 4), azathioprine (n = 3), interferon alpha (n = 3), cyclosporine A (n = 2), oral cyclophosphamide (n = 1), mycophenolate mofetil (n = 1), methotrexate (n = 1), high-dose immunoglobulin (n = 1)...
July 2004: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Bogdan Modzelewski, Adam Janiak
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to assess the impact of pentoxyphilline (PTX) on the pattern of serum concentrations of certain pro-inflammatory cytokines and their soluble receptors in relation to the animal's survival period. MATERIAL/METHODS: Diffuse peritonitis was elicited by means of cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in 45 adult Wistar rats. The pattern of soluble TNF receptor p55 type 1 and p75 type 2 in reference to TNF-alpha and IL-1beta concentration in animals with experimental diffuse peritonitis (EDP) was estimated...
July 2004: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
M V Grinev, S F Bagnenko, D M Kulibaba, M I Gromov
The problem of sepsis and septic shock (SSH) is known to be very actual due to peak-shaped growth of the number of such patients and unsatisfactory results of treatment. The occurrence of SSH is different--from 10% in the structure of infectious complications after polytrauma to 50% in patients with gram-negative sepsis in patients with burn disease. An analysis of treatment of 165 patients with SSH developed against the background of peritonitis has revealed high level of lethality (64%). In the pathogenesis of SSH an important role is played by immune disorders resulting in the development of generalized inflammation and polyorganic insufficiency...
2004: Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova
W Drozdz, J Panek, W Lejman
BACKGROUND: It has been shown that atherosclerosis can cause not only lowering of the perfusion pressure gradient at the macro/micro circulation level, but can bring about untoward rheological changes such as e.g. loss of the red blood cells (RBC) elasticity. This can participitate in mechanism of impairment of the blood flow through the microcirculation as well. The aim of this study was to measure RBC elasticity in the claudicants, and to evaluate the effect of the applied treatment either conservative or surgical revascularisation on this rheological parameter...
September 2001: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
N Principi
This paper on bacterial meningitis looks at aspects inherent in the aetiology and mechanisms underlying neurological damage and pharmacological treatment. Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae type b and Neisseria meningitidis are the pathogens most commonly responsible and are able to colonise the host's respiratory mucosae, invade the vascular space, cross the haematoliquoral barrier and survive in the cerebrospinal fluid. The presence of germs in the subarachnoid spaces leads to the onset of inflammation and neurological damage...
December 1996: Minerva Pediatrica
P Calès, J J Voigt, J L Payen, E Bloom, P Berg, J P Vinel, B Pradère, P Broussy, J P Pascal
The case is reported of a 70 year old man who presented with severe anaemia because of chronic gastrointestinal blood loss. This loss was ascribed to vascular ectasia resembling the gastric antral vascular ectasia syndrome but extended to include the antrum, the duodenum, the jejunum, and, possibly, the cardiac area. This condition was associated with portal hypertension as a result of nodular regenerative hyperplasia. Consecutive treatments including sucralfate, prostaglandin E2, propranolol, organic nitrates, pentoxyphilline, corticosteroids, endoscopic sclerotherapy, portosystemic shunt, total gastrectomy, proved ineffective...
April 1993: Gut
P Matsiota-Bernard, C Léfèbre, M Sedqui, P Cornillet, M Guenounou
We investigated the role of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) in human peripheral monocytes infected with Legionella pneumophila in vitro. Exogenous TNF-alpha significantly inhibited the intracellular multiplication of the bacterium. This effect was concentration and time dependent and was abrogated by anti-TNF antibodies. TNF-alpha levels in the culture supernatants were low but were enhanced by the addition of gamma interferon. When monocytes were cultured and infected in the presence of pentoxyphilline, a potent inhibitor of TNF-alpha synthesis, the intracellular bacterial growth was enhanced...
December 1993: Infection and Immunity
S Coccheri, G Palareti, G Fortunato
In the natural history of patients with peripheral obliterative arterial disease (POAD) the prognosis of the complaint "intermittent claudication" is relatively good and the amputation rate is presently only about 3%. However, POAD patients carry a high risk of cardiovascular events and their cumultative mortality rate within 10 years is as high as 40-50%. Atherothrombotic events in the coronary and, less frequently, cerebral arteries are by far the first cause of death and disability in these patients...
March 1994: Haemostasis
F Grandillo, R Giunta, G Scognamiglio, A Tirelli, L Coppola, R Torella
In 9 subjects with peripheral vascular insufficiencies the AA. have studied the behaviour of the oxyhaemoglobin dissociation curve before and after pentoxyphilline infusion. After this drug no variations were observed as it regards MCHC, 2-3-DPG and so on; however a positive correlation was found between 2-3-DPG and the Hill number. These results suggest that 2-3-DPG may influence the Hill number (which is the expression of the gradient of the oxyhaemoglobin dissociation curve) and therefore may interfere with O2 transport...
January 1983: Il Farmaco; Edizione Scientifica
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