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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635415/known-and-unknown-cerebral-arteriovenous-malformations-in-pregnancies-haemorrhage-risk-and-influence-on-obstetric-management
#1
Xianli Lv, Wei Li, Hongwei He, Chuhan Jiang, Youxiang Li
Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate the haemorrhage risk of known and unknown cerebral arteriovenous malformations and their obstetric management. Methods A retrospective review was performed and analysed 67 consecutive cases of arteriovenous malformation with pregnancy history. Results Sixty-seven cases of arteriovenous malformation with pregnancy histories were identified. In 14 cases (20.9%) of arteriovenous malformation diagnosed before pregnancy, 11 cases were treated (10 embolisation and one surgery), there was no haemorrhage in 14 pregnancies, 14 healthy babies were delivered by caesarean section in 12 pregnancies (85...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630248/chest-x-ray-of-a-patient-with-history-of-pleural-effusion
#2
Ewa Konik, John Schirger
The presented chest X-ray depicts the thoracic duct anatomy of a 50-year-old man who underwent heart transplantation. His postoperative course was complicated by Candida mediastinitis, treated with débridements and closure of the anterior chest wound with myocutaneous flaps. Postoperatively, he had persistent output from a right-sided chest tube. The fluid appeared milky and its triglycerides level was elevated at 254 mg/dL. The drainage persisted despite a low fat diet. The interventional radiologist identified a leak in the upper thoracic duct...
June 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619972/staged-curative-treatment-of-a-complex-direct-carotid-cavernous-fistula-with-a-large-arterial-defect-and-an-oversized-internal-carotid-artery
#3
Matthew T Bender, Li-Mei Lin, Alexander L Coon, Geoffrey P Colby
This is a case of a high-flow, post-traumatic direct carotid-cavernous fistula with a widened arterial defect and a large-diameter internal carotid artery (ICA). The unique aspect of this case is the oversized ICA, >8mm in diameter, which is both a pathological and a therapeutic challenge, given the lack of available neuroendovascular devices for full vessel reconstruction. We present a planned two-stage embolisation paradigm for definitive treatment. Transarterial coil embolisation is performed as the first stage to disconnect the fistula and normalise flow in the ICA...
June 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616867/pelvic-trauma-mortality-reduced-by-integrated-trauma-care
#4
Mark Fitzgerald, Max Esser, Matthias Russ, Joseph Mathew, Dinesh Varma, Andrew Wilkinson, Rejith V Mannambeth, Devilliers Smit, Stephen Bernard, Biswadev Mitra
OBJECTIVES: A multidisciplinary approach that emphasised improved triage, early pelvic binder application, early administration of blood and blood products, adherence to algorithmic pathways, screening with focused sonography (FAST), early computed tomography scanning with contrast angiography, angio-embolisation and early operative intervention by specialist pelvic surgeons was implemented in the last decade to improve outcomes after pelvic trauma. The manuscript evaluated the effect of this multi-faceted change over a 12-year period...
June 14, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616760/liver-segmentation-indications-techniques-and-future-directions
#5
REVIEW
Akshat Gotra, Lojan Sivakumaran, Gabriel Chartrand, Kim-Nhien Vu, Franck Vandenbroucke-Menu, Claude Kauffmann, Samuel Kadoury, Benoît Gallix, Jacques A de Guise, An Tang
OBJECTIVES: Liver volumetry has emerged as an important tool in clinical practice. Liver volume is assessed primarily via organ segmentation of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images. The goal of this paper is to provide an accessible overview of liver segmentation targeted at radiologists and other healthcare professionals. METHODS: Using images from CT and MRI, this paper reviews the indications for liver segmentation, technical approaches used in segmentation software and the developing roles of liver segmentation in clinical practice...
June 14, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616235/exacerbation-of-alopecia-areata-a-possible-complication-of-sodium-tetradecyl-sulphate-foam-sclerotherapy-treatment-for-varicose-veins
#6
Mark S Whiteley, Victoria C Smith
A 40-year-old woman with a history of alopecia areata related to stress or hormonal changes was treated for bilateral primary symptomatic varicose veins (CEAP clinical score C2S) of pelvic origin, using a staged procedure. Her first procedure entailed pelvic vein embolisation of three pelvic veins using 14 coils and including foam sclerotherapy of the tributaries, using 3% sodium tetradecyl sulphate. Following this procedure, she had an exacerbation of alopecia areata with some moderate shedding of hair. Subsequently, she underwent endovenous laser ablation under local anaesthetic without incident...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616222/a-case-report-of-an-unusual-cause-of-postoperative-leg-pain-after-posterior-lumbar-fusion
#7
R Daureeawoo, S Baliga, W Mohahmed, E B Ahmed
We report the case of a 36-year old man who underwent elective posterior lumbar spinal fusion after presenting with bilateral leg pain with associated back pain. He had undergone a L5/S1 discectomy in 2001, which provided good symptomatic relief. On this admission, he underwent elective L4-S1 posterolateral fusion and bilateral L4/5 and L5/S1 decompression. Intra-operatively a pedicle screw had to be re-inserted after fluoroscopy confirmed a lateral breech. The patient had no major postoperative complications until the sixth day when the patient re-presented with acute leg pain and weakness...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612910/percutaneous-left-atrial-appendage-occlusion-procedures-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#8
Magdalena Szymała, Witold Streb, Katarzyna Mitręga, Tomasz Podolecki, Grzegorz Mencel, Tomasz Kukulski, Zbigniew Kalarus
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common supraventricular tachyarrhythmia. The percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) may be considered for the stroke prophylaxis in patients with nonvalvular AF (NVAF), especially in contraindications for oral anticoagulants (OAC) or high risk of bleeding. The data about implantation, safety, efficacy and follow-up are limited. Moreover, there are no studies on patients with NVAF and heart failure with severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction (left ventricular ejection fraction - LVEF ≤ 35%)...
June 14, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611138/cardiac-arrest-following-arteriovenous-fistula-manipulation-a-cautionary-note
#9
Miles Gandolfi, Bimbi S Fernando
Arteriovenous fistulas can lead to a number of different chronic complications. We describe a case where a patient developed a thrombosis within her brachiobasilic arteriovenous fistula, which was manually manipulated in order to restore fistula flow. This resulted in a pulseless electrical activity cardiac arrest within a few minutes. After ten minutes of chest compressions and intubation, there was return of spontaneous circulation. No epinephrine was given nor shocks administered. Patient was extubated within minutes and was alert, orientated and haemodynamically stable...
June 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600578/transarterial-infusion-chemotherapy-with-and-without-embolisation-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Jing Zhao, Dapeng Li, Yue Shi, Fengling Shi, Chengting Feng, Wei Li, Min Tao, Rongrui Liang
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy of transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) and iodised oil infusion chemotherapy without embolisation (TAI) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched for randomised controlled trials, retrospective cohort studies, and two-arm prospective studies that compared the clinical outcomes in patients who received TACE and TAI treatment. Database search was performed through 14 December 2016...
May 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596303/prevalence-and-predictors-of-intracranial-aneurysms-in-patients-with-bicuspid-aortic-valve
#11
Alexander C Egbe, Ratnasari Padang, Robert D Brown, Arooj R Khan, Sushil A Luis, John Huston, Emmanuel Akintoye, Heidi M Connolly
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and outcomes of intracranial aneurysm (IA) in patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with BAV who underwent brain MR angiography at the Mayo Clinic from 1994 to 2013. RESULTS: There were 678 patients included in this study-mean age 57±13 years, men 480 (71%), mean follow-up 10±3 years (5913 patient-years). Coarctation of aorta (COA) was present in 154 (23%) patients.There were 59 IAs identified in 52 of 678 patients (7...
June 8, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583042/cervical-cord-decompression-following-embolisation-of-a-giant-cervical-vertebro-vertebral-arteriovenous-fistula
#12
George H Tse, Umang J Patel, Stuart C Coley, Richard A Dyde
Arteriovenous fistulation between the vertebral arteries to extradural (epidural) veins, termed vertebro-vertebral arteriovenous fistulae, are uncommon diagnoses without established diagnostic algorithms or treatment options. Minimal evidence exists describing the management of this pathology. Endovascular treatment was performed under general anaesthesia by coil occlusion of the vertebral artery from the point of the fistula to the mid-vertebral artery. Repeat magnetic resonance angiographic imaging one week following the procedure confirmed an 80% reduction in the size of the epidural vein and decompression of the cervical spinal cord...
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567451/robotic-assisted-right-hepatectomy-via-anterior-approach-for-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma
#13
Sanjay Goja, Manoj K Singh, Rohan Jagat Chaudhary, Arvinder S Soin
Major hepatic resection, especially right hepatectomy, has been successfully performed by specialized hepatobiliary centers using the robotic platform with low morbidity, conversion rates and outcomes comparable to laparoscopic and open surgery. The authors report a case of robotic-assisted right hepatectomy done for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma using anterior approach, after right portal vein embolisation for future liver remnant volume enhancement.
May 2017: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555592/repositionable-percutaneous-aortic-valve-implantation-with-the-lotus-valve-30-day-and-1-year-outcomes-in-250-high-risk-surgical-patients
#14
Ian T Meredith, Nicolas Dumonteil, Daniel J Blackman, Didier Tchétché, Darren L Walters, David Hildick-Smith, Ganesh Manoharan, Jan Harnek, Stephen G Worthley, Gilles Rioufol, Thierry Lefèvre, Thomas Modine, Nicolas M Van Mieghem, Ted Feldman, Dominic J Allocco, Keith D Dawkins
AIMS: The REPRISE IIE trial evaluated outcomes following transcatheter aortic valve implantation of the fully repositionable and retrievable Lotus Valve with a unique seal designed to minimize paravalvular leak (PVL). METHODS AND RESULTS: This prospective, multicentre study enrolled 250 patients with severe aortic stenosis considered high-risk for surgery by a multidisciplinary Heart Team. An independent Clinical Events Committee adjudicated events per Valve Academic Research Consortium criteria...
May 30, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554913/protocol-for-a-single-centre-parallel-arm-randomised-controlled-superiority-trial-evaluating-the-effects-of-transcatheter-arterial-embolisation-of-abnormal-knee-neovasculature-on-pain-function-and-quality-of-life-in-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#15
Steve Landers, Andrew Hely, Benjamin Harrison, Nick Maister, Rachael Hely, Stephen E Lane, Stephen D Gill, Richard S Page
INTRODUCTION: Symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) is common. Advanced knee OA is successfully treated with joint replacement surgery, but effectively managing mild to moderate knee OA can be difficult. Angiogenesis increases with OA and might contribute to pain and structural damage. Modifying angiogenesis is a potential treatment pathway for OA. The aim of the current study is to determine whether transcatheter arterial embolisation of abnormal neovasculature arising from the genicular arterial branches improves knee pain, physical function and quality of life in people with mild to moderate symptomatic knee OA...
May 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546733/the-int-ex-technique-internal-to-external-approach-in-carotid-body-tumour-surgery
#16
U S Vishal Rao, Sataksi Chatterjee, Ashutosh A Patil, Ravi C Nayar
Carotid body tumours are rare and mostly benign neoplasm. They are slow growing but can evade or exert pressure on neighbouring important neurovascular structures. Hence, surgical resection remains the treatment modality of choice for large tumours partially or completely encasing the carotid arteries. But the surgical resection of these tumours with minimum morbidity is challenging because of their highly vascular nature. Earlier literature has dealt with various aspects of management of carotid body tumours including classification, morbidity, work-up, embolisation and extent of resection...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544979/preoperative-left-hepatic-lobe-devascularisation-to-minimize-perioperative-bleeding-in-a-jehovah-s-witness-undergoing-left-hepatectomy
#17
Laurence Weinberg, Georgina Hanus, Jonathan Banting, Diana Abu-Ssaydeh, Manfred Spanger, Su Kah Goh, Vijayaragavan Muralidharan
INTRODUCTION: Major liver resection in a Jehovah's Witness presents unique clinical challenges requiring multimodal blood minimization strategies to reduce perioperative complications. We report a case where complete left hepatic lobe devascularisation was undertaken to minimize bleeding in a Jehovah's Witness undergoing left hepatectomy. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 65-year-old male Jehovah's Witness presented for open left hepatectomy for a large left-sided hepatocellular carcinoma involving segment IV of the liver...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540802/embolisation-of-pulmonary-radio-frequency-pathway-a-randomised-trial
#18
Jean Izaaryene, Julien Mancini, Guillaume Louis, Kathia Chaumoitre, Jean-Michel Bartoli, Vincent Vidal, Jean-Yves Gaubert
PURPOSE: Pneumothorax is the most common complication following a pulmonary percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA), and thoracic drainages are the most frequent causes of an extended hospital stay. Our main objective was to show that the use of gelatin torpedoes may significantly decrease the number of chest tube placement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-three patients were prospectively included in this study and then randomised into two groups: 34 with embolisation and without 39 without embolisation...
April 23, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540794/preliminary-experience-with-direct-percutaneous-arterial-embolisation-combined-with-radiofrequency-ablation-for-hypervascular-hcc
#19
Wei Yang, Kun Yan, Min-Hua Chen, Jin-Yu Wu, Zhong-Yi Zhang, Jung-Chieh Lee, Song Wang, Wei Wu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of a novel technique consisting of ultrasound-guided percutaneous arterial embolisation (PAE) of the tumour-feeding artery before radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for hypervascular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Twenty-three HCC patients with hypervascular tumours who were non-TACE candidates were enrolled in the study. The mean size of the tumours was 4.6 ± 1.2 cm (3.2-6.0 cm). PAE was performed using 20-gauge catheter needles under greyscale and colour ultrasound guidance...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536236/a-ruptured-bronchial-artery-aneurysm-with-massive-haemoptysis
#20
Ryoma Ueda, Yuki Kotani, Toshihide Tsujimoto
Massive haemoptysis is associated with high mortality. Among various diseases presenting with massive haemoptysis, a ruptured bronchial artery aneurysm (BAA) is a rare entity. We report the case of a ruptured BAA as small as 3 mm in diameter associated with massive haemoptysis in a previously healthy 77-year-old woman. She had suddenly developed massive haemoptysis and was intubated and admitted to the intensive care unit. A CT scan and repeated bronchoscopy could not reveal the cause. Because haemorrhage continued, she underwent bronchial arteriography (BAG) twice...
May 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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