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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453214/renal-nutcracker-syndrome-in-a-young-lady-unusual-findings-and-endovascular-management
#1
Manish Taneja, Benjamin Soo Yeng Chua, Kanika Daga
Nutcracker syndrome (NCS) is caused by compression of left renal vein (LRV), usually between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). This can lead to obstruction of flow into the inferior vena cava and secondary left renal venous hypertension. Despite potential serious consequences, diagnosing NCS is often challenging, circuitous and commonly delayed. We report an extremely unique case of NCS. A 34-year-old woman presented with left flank pain and discomfort. On investigation, it was found that high pressure in the LRV, due to compression by the SMA, had led to a large venous aneurysm that had caused pelviureteric junction obstruction and hydronephrosis...
February 16, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438587/managing-penetrating-renal-trauma-experience-from-two-uk-major-trauma-centres
#2
Marios Hadjipavlou, Edmund Grouse, Robert Gray, Denosshan Sri, Dean Huang, Christian Brown, Davendra Sharma
OBJECTIVES: To present our series of patients with penetrating renal trauma from two urban major trauma centres and discuss contemporary management of these injuries. METHODS: We reviewed prospective urological trauma databases for all patients presenting with penetrating renal trauma between January 2005 and October 2016. Patient demographics, clinical characteristics, imaging, management and follow-up data were analysed. RESULTS: Over the 11 year period, 63 patients presented with penetrating renal injuries...
February 13, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437736/vertebro-vertebral-fistula-presenting-as-a-pulsatile-tinnitus
#3
Miguel Sá Breda, José Amorim, Jaime Rocha, Luis Dias
Tinnitus is the perception of sound in the absence of a corresponding external acoustic stimulus, resulting in an estimated prevalence of 10% to 15% in adults. Tinnitus may be classified as pulsatile (PT) or continuous (non-PT), and may be subjective (heard only by the patient) or objective (also audible to the examiner). PT is usually related to vascular causes and is pulse synchronous (coinciding with the patient's heartbeat). PT is much less common affecting approximately 4% of patients with tinnitus, but unlike non-PT, usually has a specific identifiable cause...
February 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428533/greater-compliance-within-instruction-for-use-ifu-for-concomitant-iliac-aneurysms-and-adverse-aneurysm-characteristics-initial-experience-with-the-nellix-endovascular-aneurysm-sealing-system-evas-at-a-single-institution
#4
J X Hing, J K Ch'ng, K H Tay, T T Chong
AIM: The Nellix was introduced to Asia in 2014. Data in Asians have been sparse. Two balloon expandable stents, each surrounded by a polymer-filled endobag are deployed in parallel to obliterate and seal the aneurysm. This paradigm shift to treating abdominal aortic aneurysms confers advantages for certain adverse aneurysm morphology that is outside the IFU for standard EVAR devices. We examine outcomes of fifteen Asian patients with concomitant infrarenal aortic and iliac artery aneurysms treated with the Nellix at our institution...
February 8, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387427/early-versus-newer-generation-devices-for-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-routine-clinical-practice-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#5
Thomas Pilgrim, Joe K T Lee, Crochan J O'Sullivan, Stefan Stortecky, Sara Ariotti, Anna Franzone, Jonas Lanz, Dik Heg, Masahiko Asami, Fabien Praz, George C M Siontis, René Vollenbroich, Lorenz Räber, Marco Valgimigli, Eva Roost, Stephan Windecker
Aim: Contemporary data comparing early versus newer generation transcatheter heart valve (THV) devices in routine clinical practice are lacking. We sought to compare the safety and efficacy of early versus newer generation THVs in unselected patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Methods and results: We performed a propensity score matched analysis of patients undergoing transfemoral TAVI at a single centre with early versus newer generation devices between 2007 and 2016...
2018: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386211/neurofibromatosis-type-1-a-case-highlighting-pulmonary-and-other-rare-clinical-manifestations
#6
Khoa Anh Nguyen, Mohamed Elnaggar, Natalie M Gallant, Maged Tanios
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1)-related lung disease is a rare but increasingly recognised, high morbidity associated feature of the condition. We present a 48-year-old male patient with NF1, who was initially admitted for a subarachnoid haemorrhage requiring aneurysmal coil embolisation. During his recovery, he developed a left-sided pneumothorax requiring chest tube placement followed by concerns for re-expansion pulmonary oedema requiring intubation. Subsequently, the patient also developed a right-sided pneumothorax requiring additional chest tube placement but did not develop right-sided pulmonary oedema...
January 31, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385977/abnormal-uterine-bleeding-managing-endometrial-dysfunction-and-leiomyomas
#7
Annabelle Brennan, Martha Hickey
Abnormal uterine bleeding refers to any change in the regularity, frequency, heaviness or length of menstruation. There are several potential causes for bleeding disturbance, the two most common being primary endometrial dysfunction and fibroids. Management of abnormal uterine bleeding involves both medical and surgical options and will largely depend on a patient's fertility plans. The use of levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine devices for heavy menstrual bleeding is increasing in Australia, and they are considered first-line medical management for women accepting of hormonal therapies...
February 5, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379394/embolisation-of-external-jugular-vein-aneurysm-a-case-report
#8
Arvin Rajadurai, Aida Abdul Aziz, Noor Aida Mat Daud, Abdul Fatah Abdul Wahab, Ahmad Sobri Muda
Introduction: Venous aneurysms are not as common as their arterial counterpart. The choice of management is debatable. Case Report: We present the case of a teenage boy with left external jugular vein aneurysm treated by endovascular technique. Embolisation was done using pushable microcoils with access via the femoral vein and direct puncture. Conclusion: This form of treatment provides a less-invasive option with a more concrete evaluation of the venous abnormality and its drainage during venous aneurysm occlusion...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377944/endovascular-management-of-pancreatitis-related-pseudoaneurysms-a-review-of-techniques
#9
Bartosz Zabicki, Nattakarn Limphaibool, Marte Johanne Veilemand Holstad, Robert Juszkat
OBJECTIVES: To present the various techniques used in the management of pancreatitis-related pseudoaneurysms of visceral vessels. METHODS: The retrospective clinical study was carried out at the Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology at Poznan University of Medical Sciences from 2011 to 2016. The fifteen patients included in the study were diagnosed with pseudoaneurysms of visceral arteries, as a complication of chronic pancreatitis. The diagnosis was made using contrast-enhanced computed tomography, followed by angiography...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368536/delayed-migration-of-squid-18-following-embolisation-of-a-direct-carotico-cavernous-fistula
#10
Soumik Das, Arun Kumar Gupta, Arvinda Hanumathapura Ramalingiah, Sarbesh Tiwari, Nishtha Yadav
We report a case of delayed migration of Squid 18 following treatment of a direct carotico-cavernous fistula.
January 1, 2018: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359888/management-of-paediatric-high-grade-blunt-renal-trauma-a-10-year-single-centre-uk-experience
#11
Kee Yong Wong, Ram Jeeneea, Andrew Healey, Laurence Abernethy, Harriet Corbett, Fiona McAndrew, Paul Losty
INTRODUCTION: To report the management and outcome of paediatric patients sustaining high grade blunt renal trauma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical records were examined for all Grade III to Grade V blunt renal trauma cases admitted to a paediatric trauma centre during the era(s) 2005 to 2015. Data collected and analysed included - demographics, imaging modalities, management, length of hospital stay, complications and follow-up outcome(s). RESULTS: 18 children (12 males, 6 females) with mean age 11 years (4 - 15) were included...
January 23, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357752/prevention-of-minor-myocardial-injury-after-elective-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-comparison-of-ticagrelor-versus-clopidogrel
#12
Hüseyin Göksülük, Yusuf Atmaca, Menekşe Gerede Uludağ, Cansın Tulunay Kaya, Onur Yıldırım, Müge Akbulut, Nil Özyüncü, Cetin Erol
BACKGROUND: Elective percutaneous coronary intervention (ePCI) may cause minor elevation of cardiac enzymes, so-called minor myocardial injury (MMI) which can be due to different pathophysiological mechanism (e.g. distal embolisation, side branch occlusion, increased platelet activation triggered by the intracoronary metallic stents). We aimed to compare the effectiveness of ticagrelor versus clopidogrel for the prevention of MMI and major adverse clinical events (MACEs) after ePCI. METHODS: Study population consisted of two groups of patients based on the treatment: Group I, receiving clopidogrel (n = 104), Group II, receiving ticagrelor (n = 96)...
January 22, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352651/catheter-injected-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-induce-efficacious-occlusion-of-arteriovenous-nidus-in-a-swine-model
#13
Joseph Touma, Jianping Dai, Andre Gaston, Marianne Gervais, Eric Allaire
OBJECTIVES: Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are complex vascular lesions. Surgical excision is the treatment of choice, but is often not achievable. Embolo-sclerotherapy alone is associated with high recurrence rates. This study tested the hypothesis that seeding hydrogel conditioned bone marrow derived mesenchymatous stem cells (BM-MSCs) in an AVM nidus model induces solid microvascular occlusion through endoluminal tissue growth. METHODS: AVMs were modelled as arteriovenous microvascular nidus, using swine rete mirabile, a plexiform intracranial structure composed of arterial microvessels that extensively anastomose...
January 15, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352594/systematic-review-of-uterine-artery-embolisation-practice-guidelines-are-all-the-guidelines-on-the-same-page
#14
H T Chen, S Athreya
AIM: To evaluate the degree of concordance amongst the currently available guidelines informing the use of uterine artery embolisation (UAE), and identify any inconsistencies present. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Standards of practice and quality improvement guidelines were retrieved through a search of PubMed and EMBASE. Additional sets of guidelines were retrieved directly from the websites of known obstetrics and gynaecology and radiological associations. RESULTS: Eleven guidelines were retrieved from organisations located in Europe, North America, and Australia...
January 15, 2018: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351942/abnormal-deep-dorsal-vein-resulting-in-veno-occlusive-erectile-dysfunction
#15
Marcus Hallerstrom, Conrad Brice von Stempel, Amr Raheem, Miles Walkden
A 59-year-old man with a 6-year history of erectile dysfunction presented to the andrology outpatient clinic. Multimodality assessment with ultrasound, MRI venography and fluoroscopic venography demonstrated an aberrant emissary vein arising from the corporal bodies causing venogenic erectile dysfunction. Selective coil embolisation of the collateral vein resulted in an almost immediate and sustained improvement in his erections.
January 18, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348286/portal-vein-embolisation-in-a-patient-with-situs-inversus
#16
Igor Faria, Roberto Romulo Souza, Roberto Fuser Prosperi, Jose Hugo M Luz
Portal vein embolisation (PVE) is a well-established technique used for patients who require major hepatic resections without sufficient volume of future remnant liver (FRL). We describe a case of PVE in a patient with situs inversus. Computed Tomography (CT) 4 weeks after the procedure demonstrated significant hypertrophy of the FRL. However, the surgical procedure was aborted due to signs of extrahepatic progression.
January 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344938/a-clinical-audit-on-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-uterine-artery-embolisation-for-symptomatic-adenomyosis-results-in-117-women
#17
Eisen Liang, Bevan Brown, Maxim Rachinsky
BACKGROUND: Uterine artery embolisation (UAE) is a possible uterine-sparing treatment option for women with unsuccessful conservative management for adenomyosis-related heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) and dysmenorrhoea. AIM: To conduct a clinical audit on the efficacy and safety of UAE for symptomatic adenomyosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of 309 women who underwent UAE identified 117 women with magnetic resonance imaging features of adenomyosis (junctional zone thickness ≥ 12 mm)...
January 18, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331977/clinical-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-in-patients-with-spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-two-chinese-centres
#18
Yongjie Ma, Sichang Chen, Chao Peng, Chunxiu Wang, Guilin Li, Chuan He, Ming Ye, Tao Hong, Lisong Bian, Jiang Liu, Zhichao Wang, Adnan I Qureshi, Feng Ling, Hongqi Zhang
BACKGROUND: The short-term outcomes and prognostic factors of patients with spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVFs) have not been defined in large cohorts. OBJECTIVE: To define the short-term clinical outcomes and prognostic factors in patients with SDAVFs. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 112 patients with SDAVFs were included consecutively in this study. The patients were serially evaluated with the modified Aminoff and Logue's Scale (mALS) one day before surgery and at 3 months, 6 months and 12 months after treatment...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331361/uterine-artery-embolization-an-analysis-of-online-patient-information-quality-and-readability-with-historical-comparison
#19
Timothy E Murray, Tayyaub Mansoor, Dermot J Bowden, Damien C O'Neill, Michael J Lee
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Investigators aimed to assess online information describing uterine artery embolization (UAE) to examine the quality and readability of websites patients are accessing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A list of applicable, commonly used searchable terms was generated, including "Uterine Artery Embolization," "Fibroid Embolization," "Uterine Fibroid Embolization," and "Uterine Artery Embolisation." Each possible term was assessed across the five most-used English language search engines to determine the most commonly used term...
January 10, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327142/quality-of-life-and-disability-12-months-after-surgery-vs-conservative-management-for-unruptured-brain-arteriovenous-malformations-scottish-population-based-and-australian-hospital-based-studies
#20
Joan Margaret O'Donnell, Rustam Al-Shahi Salman, Maurizio Manuguerra, Nazih Assaad, Michael Kerin Morgan
BACKGROUND: Few data are available on disability and quality of life (QOL) after surgery versus conservative management for unruptured brain arteriovenous malformations (uAVMs). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that QOL and disability are worse after surgery ± preoperative embolisation for uAVM compared with conservative management. METHODS: We included consecutive patients diagnosed with uAVM from a prospective population-based study in Scotland (1999-2003; 2006-2010) and a prospective hospital-based series in Australia (2011-2015)...
January 11, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
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