keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cardiac arrest

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679698/neurophysiological-and-neuroradiological-multimodal-approach-for-early-poor-outcome-prediction-after-cardiac-arrest
#1
Maenia Scarpino, Giovanni Lanzo, Francesco Lolli, Riccardo Carrai, Marco Moretti, Maddalena Spalletti, Morena Cozzolino, Adriano Peris, Aldo Amantini, Antonello Grippo
INTRODUCTION: Prognosticating outcome after cardiac arrest(CA) requires a multimodal approach. However, evidence regarding combinations of methods is limited. We evaluated whether the combination of electroencephalography(EEG), somatosensory evoked potentials(SEPs) and brain computed tomography(CT) could predict poor outcome. METHODS: We screened our database regarding patients successfully resuscitated after CA, for whom EEG, SEPs and brain CT were available within 24 hours...
April 18, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679696/effect-of-neuromonitor-guided-titrated-care-on-brain-tissue-hypoxia-after-opioid-overdose-cardiac-arrest
#2
Jonathan Elmer, Katharyn L Flickinger, Maighdlin W Anderson, Allison Koller, Matthew Sundermann, Cameron Dezfulian, David O Okonkwo, Lori A Shutter, David Salcido, Clifton W Callaway, James J Menegazzi
INTRODUCTION: Brain tissue hypoxia may contribute to preventable secondary brain injury after cardiac arrest. We developed a porcine model of opioid overdose cardiac arrest and post-arrest care including invasive, multimodal neurological monitoring of regional brain physiology. We hypothesized brain tissue hypoxia is common with usual post-arrest care and can be prevented by modifying mean arterial pressure (MAP) and arterial oxygen concentration (PaO2 ). METHODS: We induced opioid overdose and cardiac arrest in sixteen swine, attempted resuscitation after 9 minutes of apnea, and randomized resuscitated animals to three alternating 6-hour blocks of standard or titrated care...
April 18, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679695/serial-nse-measurement-identifies-non-survivors-following-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#3
Kieran Gillick, Kieron Rooney
AIMS: Prognostication following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains challenging. A multimodal approach is favoured, including consideration of the biomarker neuron-specific enolase (NSE) (Sandroni et al., 2014). Our objective was to investigate the utility of serial NSE measurements and to determine an appropriate cut-off value for prediction of death before hospital discharge using data from our tertiary care centre. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients admitted to the critical care unit of a tertiary centre critical care unit in the UK following an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest...
April 18, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679694/the-introduction-of-a-rapid-response-system-in-acute-hospitals-a-pragmatic-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Filip Haegdorens, Peter Van Bogaert, Ella Roelant, Koen De Meester, Marie Misselyn, Kristien Wouters, Koenraad G Monsieurs
AIM: Deterioration of hospitalised patients is often missed, misinterpreted, and mismanaged. Rapid Response Systems (RRSs) have been proposed to solve this problem. This study aimed to investigate the effect of an RRS on the incidence of unexpected death, cardiac arrest with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and unplanned intensive care unit (ICU) admission. METHODS: We conducted a stepped wedge cluster randomised controlled trial including 14 Belgian acute care hospitals with two medical and two surgical wards each...
April 18, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679693/bystander-witnessed-cardiac-arrest-is-associated-with-reported-agonal-breathing-and-leads-to-less-frequent-bystander-cpr
#5
P Brinkrolf, B Metelmann, C Scharte, A Zarbock, K Hahnenkamp, A Bohn
AIM: Although the importance of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation has been shown in multiple studies, the rate of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation is still relatively low in many countries. Little is known on bystanders' perceptions influencing the decision to start cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Our study aims to determine such factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semi-structured telephone interviews with bystanders of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests between December 2014 and April 2016 were performed in a prospective manner...
April 18, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679443/a-20-year-review-the-use-of-exception-from-informed-consent-and-waiver-of-informed-consent-in-emergency-research
#6
Lauren Klein, Johanna Moore, Michelle Biros
BACKGROUND: Due to the acuity and time sensitive needs of their clinical condition, patients presenting with certain emergent pathologies may lack capacity to provide meaningful prospective informed consent to participate in clinical research. For these reasons, these populations have often been excluded from research investigations. To mitigate this, regulations allowing Exception from Informed Consent (EFIC) (21 CFR 50.24) or Waiver of Informed Consent (WIC) (45 CFR 46.101) were developed in 1996...
April 21, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678294/association-between-body-mass-index-and-clinical-outcomes-of-patients-after-cardiac-arrest-and-resuscitation-a-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Ye Ma, Lili Huang, Lu Zhang, Hai Yu, Bin Liu
BACKGROUND: Obesity as one of the risk factors for cardiovascular diseases increases mortality in general population. Several clinical studies investigated clinical outcomes in patients with different body mass index (BMI) after cardiac arrest (CA). Controversial data regarding BMI on clinical outcomes in those patients exist in those studies. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of BMI on survival condition and neurological prognosis in those patients. METHODS: We searched Pubmed, Embase, Ovid/Medline and EBM reviews databases for relational studies investigating the association between BMI and clinical outcomes of patients after CA...
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678197/resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-performed-by-emergency-physicians-for-traumatic-hemorrhagic-shock-a-case-series-from-japanese-emergency-rooms
#8
Ryota Sato, Akira Kuriyama, Rei Takaesu, Nobuhiro Miyamae, Wataru Iwanaga, Hayato Tokuda, Takehiro Umemura
BACKGROUND: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA), which has been increasingly used for the management of hemorrhagic shock, is a less invasive strategy for the management of patients with very severe hemorrhage. However, its effectiveness remains controversial. METHODS: This retrospective case series included trauma patients who underwent REBOA for hemorrhagic shock due to trauma in four Japanese tertiary care emergency centers from January 2013 to March 2017...
April 21, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677083/east-multicenter-trial-on-targeted-temperature-management-for-hanging-induced-cardiac-arrest
#9
Cindy H Hsu, Bryce E Haac, Mack Drake, Andrew C Bernard, Alberto Aiolfi, Kenji Inaba, Holly E Hinson, Chinar Agarwal, Joseph Galante, Emily M Tibbits, Nicholas J Johnson, David Carlbom, Mina F Mirhoseini, Mayur B Patel, Karen R OʼBosky, Christian Chan, Pascal O Udekwu, Megan Farrell, Jeffrey L Wild, Katelyn A Young, Daniel C Cullinane, Deborah J Gojmerac, Alexandra Weissman, Clifton Callaway, Sarah M Perman, Mariana Guerrero, Imoigele P Aisiku, Raghu R Seethala, Ivan N Co, Debbie Y Madhok, Bryan Darger, Dennis Y Kim, Lara Spence, Thomas M Scalea, Deborah M Stein
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine the outcome of suicidal hanging and the impact of targeted temperature management (TTM) on hanging-induced cardiac arrest (CA) through an Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma (EAST) multicenter retrospective study. METHODS: We analyzed hanging patient data and TTM variables from January 1992 to December 2015. Cerebral performance category (CPC) score of 1 or 2 was considered good neurologic outcome, while CPC of 3 or 4 was considered poor outcome...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677059/pediatric-perioperative-cardiac-arrest-death-in-the-off-hours-a-report-from-wake-up-safe-the-pediatric-quality-improvement-initiative
#10
Robert E Christensen, Angela C Lee, Marie S Gowen, Mallikarjuna R Rettiganti, Jayant K Deshpande, Jeffrey P Morray
BACKGROUND: Pediatric perioperative cardiac arrest (CA) is a rare but catastrophic event. This case-control study aims to analyze the causes, incidence, and outcomes of all pediatric CA reported to Wake Up Safe. Factors associated with CA and mortality after arrest are examined and possible strategies for improving outcomes are considered. METHODS: CA in children was identified from the Wake Up Safe Pediatric Anesthesia Quality Improvement Initiative, a multicenter registry of adverse events in pediatric anesthesia...
April 17, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675074/a-very-rare-complication-of-cerebral-hydatid-cyst-surgery-cortical-collapse
#11
Mürteza Çakir, Çagatay Çalikoglu, Atilla Yilmaz
Hydatid diseases are still endemic pathologies in developing countries which generally needs surgical treatment. The main aim of the treatment is total cyst evacuation without rupture. Dowling technique is preferable for this aim. There are various complications of hydatid disease surgery which include cortical collapse which is very serious and can be mortal. Our case was a 6-year-old boy diagnosed with a solitary isointense cystic mass in the left parietal region. There was no surrounding edema. The cyst was completely evacuated with Dowling technique without rupture...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674365/protocol-of-a-multicenter-international-randomized-controlled-manikin-study-on-different-protocols-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-for-laypeople-mani-cpr
#12
Enrico Baldi, Enrico Contri, Roman Burkart, Paola Borrelli, Ottavia Eleonora Ferraro, Michela Tonani, Amedeo Cutuli, Daniele Bertaia, Pasquale Iozzo, Caroline Tinguely, Daniel Lopez, Susi Boldarin, Claudio Deiuri, Sandrine Dénéréaz, Yves Dénéréaz, Michael Terrapon, Christian Tami, Cinzia Cereda, Alberto Somaschini, Stefano Cornara, Andrea Cortegiani
INTRODUCTION: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is one of the leading causes of death in industrialised countries. Survival depends on prompt identification of cardiac arrest and on the quality and timing of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation. For laypeople, there has been a growing interest on hands-only CPR, meaning continuous chest compression without interruption to perform ventilations. It has been demonstrated that intentional interruptions in hands-only CPR can increase its quality...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674141/trends-in-utilization-of-mechanical-circulatory-support-in-patients-hospitalized-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#13
Nileshkumar J Patel, Nish Patel, Bhaskar Bhardwaj, Harsh Golwala, Varun Kumar, Varunsiri Atti, Shilpkumar Arora, Smit Patel, Nilay Patel, Gabriel A Hernandez, Apurva Badheka, Carlos E Alfonso, Mauricio G Cohen, Deepak L Bhatt, Navin K Kapur
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine the trends and predictors of mechanical circulatory support (MCS) use in patients hospitalized after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data regarding MCS use in patients hospitalized after OHCA. METHODS: We conducted an observational analysis of MCS use in 960,428 patients hospitalized after OHCA between January 2008 and December 2014 in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database...
April 16, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673293/systemic-thrombolytic-therapy-for-massive-and-submassive-pulmonary-embolism
#14
Lauren A Igneri, John M Hammer
OBJECTIVE: To critically evaluate the published literature assessing the safety and efficacy of thrombolytic therapy for massive and submassive pulmonary embolism (PE). METHODS: A search of human trials in the English-language (September 2017) was conducted through the MEDLINE database using the following terms: PE, tissue plasminogen activator, tenecteplase, and alteplase. 67 unique articles were identified, of which 24 clinical trials discussing clinical outcomes related to administration of either intravenous tenecteplase or alteplase were included...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671225/effectiveness-of-early-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-preventing-neurocognitive-decline-in-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-ii-a-case-series
#15
A Selvanathan, C Ellaway, C Wilson, P Owens, P J Shaw, K Bhattacharya
The early progressive form of the X-linked disorder, Hunter syndrome or mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II) (OMIM #309900), is characterized by cognitive decline, and pulmonary and cardiac complications that often cause death before 20 years of age. Deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme, iduronate-2-sulfatase (EC 3.1.6.13) results in deposition of the glycosaminoglycans, dermatan, and heparan sulfate in various tissues. In recent years, enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) has become the mainstay of treatment, but is expensive and ineffective in arresting cognitive decline...
April 19, 2018: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669611/needle-thoracostomy-does-changing-needle-length-and-location-change-patient-outcome
#16
Lori A Weichenthal, Scott Owen, Geoffory Stroh, John Ramos
BACKGROUND: Needle thoracostomy (NT) is a common prehospital intervention for patients in extremis or cardiac arrest due to trauma. The purpose of this study is to compare outcomes, efficacy, and complications after a change in policy related to NT in a four-county Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system with a catchment area of greater than 1.6 million people. METHODS: This is a before and after observational study of all patients who had NT performed in the Central California (USA) EMS system...
April 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669574/effects-of-modifiable-prehospital-factors-on-survival-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-rural-versus-urban-areas
#17
Wenche Torunn Mathiesen, Conrad Arnfinn Bjørshol, Jan Terje Kvaløy, Eldar Søreide
BACKGROUND: The modifiable prehospital system factors, bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), emergency medical services (EMS), response time, and EMS physician attendance, may affect short- and long-term survival for both rural and urban out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. We studied how such factors influenced OHCA survival in a mixed urban/rural region with a high survival rate after OHCA. METHODS: We analyzed the association between modifiable prehospital factors and survival to different stages of care in 1138 medical OHCA patients from an Utstein template-based cardiac arrest registry, using Kaplan-Meier type survival curves, univariable and multivariable logistic regression and mortality hazard plots...
April 18, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669228/case-12-2018-a-30-year-old-woman-with-cardiac-arrest
#18
Joshua N Goldstein, David M Dudzinski, Timothy B Erickson, Grace Linder
Presentation of Case. Dr. Emily C. Cleveland (Emergency Medicine): A 30-year-old woman was brought to the emergency department of this hospital because of cardiac arrest. On the morning of this presentation, the patient was found unresponsive in her bedroom. Her mother called emergency medical..
April 19, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666925/-which-patients-benefit-from-transport-with-ongoing-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-retrospective-analysis-of-70-patients-with-refractory-preclinical-cardiac-arrest
#19
C Adler, C Paul, J Hinkelbein, G Michels, R Pfister, A Krings, A Lechleuthner, R Stangl
BACKGROUND: Mortality in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains very high despite advances in resuscitation algorithms. Most of these patients die at the scene and do not reach hospital. It is currently the subject of discussion whether transport to hospital with ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) improves survival and neurological outcome in patients with OHCA. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify predictors of survival and good neurological outcome in patients after OHCA who were transported to hospital with ongoing CPR...
April 17, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666716/survival-after-cardiac-arrest-secondary-to-massive-pulmonary-embolism
#20
Abdullah E Laher, Muhammed Moolla, Feroza Motara, Fathima Paruk, Guy Richards
Introduction: It is estimated that the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE) is missed in as many as 84% of all cases of PE. Cardiac arrest following PE is generally associated with poor outcomes. Case Report: A 43-year-old man presented to the Emergency Department (ED) in cardiac arrest. Swelling of his right lower limb was noted on arrival. Point of care ultrasound was performed during ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and showed a thrombus in the right iliofemoral vein as well as dilatation of the right ventricle...
2018: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
keyword
keyword
1139
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"