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"Medical school admissions"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792300/what-is-the-effect-of-secondary-high-schooling-on-subsequent-medical-school-performance-a-national-uk-based-cohort-study
#1
Lazaro M Mwandigha, Paul A Tiffin, Lewis W Paton, Adetayo S Kasim, Jan R Böhnke
OBJECTIVES: University academic achievement may be inversely related to the performance of the secondary (high) school an entrant attended. Indeed, some medical schools already offer 'grade discounts' to applicants from less well-performing schools. However, evidence to guide such policies is lacking. In this study, we analyse a national dataset in order to understand the relationship between the two main predictors of medical school admission in the UK (prior educational attainment (PEA) and performance on the United Kingdom Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT)) and subsequent undergraduate knowledge and skills-related outcomes analysed separately...
May 23, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718290/a-longitudinal-study-of-commonly-used-admissions-measures-and-disenrollment-from-medical-school-and-graduate-medical-education-probation-or-termination-from-training
#2
Ting Dong, William R Gilliland, David Cruess, Jeffrey Hutchinson, Lisa Morres, Jerri Curtis, Gail-Selina Hewitt-Clarke, Steven J Durning
Introduction: This is an empirical study to better understand commonly used medical school admission measures and disenrollment decisions during undergraduate medical education as well as graduate medical education (GME) probation or termination decisions. Materials and Methods: Based on the data of USUHS medical students matriculating between 1998 and 2011 (N = 2,460), we compared medical school graduates and those disenrolled from medical school on MCAT scores, undergraduate BCPM (Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Math) GPA, and undergraduate overall GPA...
April 27, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620674/i-am-an-african-american-distinguishing-between-african-american-and-african-applicants-in-medical-school-admissions-matters
#3
Reginald F Baugh
Ignoring the diverse and rich cultures and histories of Africa and the African diaspora by applying the term African American to anyone of sub-Saharan African ancestry in medical school admissions does a disservice to applicants, medical schools, and the communities they serve. To determine how applicants can contribute to a diverse educational environment, admissions decisions must go beyond racial and ethnic self-reporting and recognize the diversity applicants bring to their medical school. Using a holistic approach, institutions can fairly evaluate applicants and strategically fill their incoming classes...
April 3, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503302/medical-school-performance-of-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-and-underrepresented-minority-students-matriculating-after-a-multiple-mini-interview
#4
Anthony Jerant, Mark C Henderson, Erin Griffin, Efrain Talamantes, Tonya Fancher, Francis Sousa, Peter Franks
Multiple Mini-Interviews (MMIs) are increasingly used in medical school admissions. We previously reported that while under-represented minority (URM) status was not associated with MMI scores, self-designated disadvantaged applicants had lower MMI scores, possibly affecting their matriculation prospects. No studies have examined how URM status or socioeconomic disadvantage (SED) are associated with academic performance following admission through an MMI. We examined the adjusted associations of MMI scores, SED, and URM status with U...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503283/strategies-for-achieving-diversity-through-medical-school-admissions
#5
Quinn Capers, Leon McDougle, Daniel M Clinchot
The relative lack of diversity in medicine is a rate limiting factor in efforts to eliminate health care disparities. Many medical schools struggle to matriculate student bodies that reflect the diversity of this country. Actively recruiting is one tactic to diversify a medical school's applicant pool, but in isolation is not enough. Our medical school admissions committee made a number of programmatic changes that contributed to our current compositional diversity that may be instructive to others. This report from the field on the experience of one U...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432628/the-relationship-between-preclinical-grading-and-usmle-scores-in-us-allopathic-medical-schools
#6
Seungjun Kim, Paul George
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pass/fail preclinical grading is associated with improved student well-being. Studies do not demonstrate differences in United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) scores after adopting pass/fail grading, but were conducted at unrepresentative, highly selective institutions, and average scores increased overall during the study periods. We investigated the effect of preclinical grading on USMLE scores across 96 US medical schools. METHODS: Preclinical grading systems were identified with the 2017 Association of American Medical Colleges Medical School Admissions Requirements...
February 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388087/testing-for-medical-school-selection-what-are-prospective-doctors-experiences-and-perceptions-of-the-gamsat-and-what-are-the-consequences-of-testing
#7
K Kumar, C Roberts, E Bartle, D S Eley
Written tests for selection into medicine have demonstrated reliability and there is accumulating evidence regarding their validity, but we know little about the broader impacts or consequences of medical school selection tests from the perspectives of key stakeholders. In this first Australian study of its kind, we use consequential validity as a theoretical lens to examine how medical school students and applicants view and experience the Graduate Medical Schools Admission Test (GAMSAT), and the consequences of testing...
January 31, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379965/association-between-undergraduate-performance-predictors-and-academic-and-clinical-performance-of-osteopathic-medical-students
#8
Farshad Agahi, Mark R Speicher, Grace Cisek
Context: Medical schools use a variety of preadmission indices to select potential students. These indices generally include undergraduate grade point average (GPA), Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) scores, and preadmission interviews. Objective: To investigate whether the admission indices used by Midwestern University Arizona College of Osteopathic Medicine are associated with the academic and clinical performance of their students. Methods: Associations between the prematriculation variables of undergraduate science GPA, undergraduate total GPA, MCAT component scores, and interview scores and the academic and clinical variables of the first- and second-year medical school GPA, Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination-USA (COMLEX-USA) Level 1 and Level 2-Cognitive Evaluation (CE) total and discipline scores, scores in clinical rotations for osteopathic competencies, COMLEX-USA Level 2-Performance Evaluation passage, and match status were evaluated...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368073/-aspirations-of-people-who-come-from-state-education-are-different-how-language-reflects-social-exclusion-in-medical-education
#9
Jennifer Cleland, Tania Fahey Palma
Despite repeated calls for change, the problem of widening access (WA) to medicine persists globally. One factor which may be operating to maintain social exclusion is the language used in representing WA applicants and students by the gatekeepers and representatives of medical schools, Admissions Deans. We therefore examined the institutional discourse of UK Medical Admissions Deans in order to determine how values regarding WA are communicated and presented in this context. We conducted a linguistic analysis of qualitative interviews with Admissions Deans and/or Staff from 24 of 32 UK medical schools...
January 24, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355058/the-relative-predictive-value-of-undergraduate-versus-graduate-selection-tools-in-two-australian-medical-schools
#10
Annette Mercer, Margaret Hay, Wayne C Hodgson, Ben J Canny, Ian B Puddey
CONTEXT: Monash University and the University of Western Australia admit both school-leavers and graduates into their Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) courses. The Undergraduate Medicine and Health Sciences Admission Test (UMAT) and the Graduate Medical Schools Admissions Test (GAMSAT) are used for selection, along with an academic score and an interview score. The aim of this study was to compare the relative predictive validity of the selected components in the two entry streams, particularly UMAT versus GAMSAT...
January 21, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261541/the-medical-school-admissions-process-and-meeting-the-public-s-health-care-needs-never-the-twain-shall-meet
#11
Jennifer Cleland
Medical schools typically assess how good their selection process is using metrics such as students' assessment performance and the academic success of alumni on later indicators of academic ability and clinical competence, such as Royal College of Physicians or specialty board examinations. To address global issues with the maldistribution of doctors and increasing numbers of new medical school graduates choosing not to work in a clinical context requires different measurements of medical school admissions processes, like those related to graduates' career outcomes (e...
December 19, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172813/a-critical-scoping-review-of-the-connections-between-social-mission-and-medical-school-admissions-beme-guide-no-47
#12
Rachel H Ellaway, Rebecca Malhi, Sameer Bajaj, Ian Walker, Douglas Myhre
BACKGROUND: Despite a growing focus on the social accountability of medical schools, there has been no substantive review of admissions related to the social mission of medical schools. This paper reports on a critical scoping review of the connections between social mission and medical school admissions. METHODS: Searches of seven bibliographic databases identified 1258 unique articles. After filtering for relevance, 71 articles were considered for final review...
March 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169351/-we-have-been-forced-to-move-away-from-home-print-news-coverage-of-canadians-studying-abroad-at-caribbean-offshore-medical-schools
#13
Jeffrey Morgan, Valorie A Crooks, Jeremy Snyder
BACKGROUND: Canadian international medical graduates are Canadian-citizens who have graduated from a medical school outside of Canada or the United States. A growing number of Canadians enroll in medical school abroad, including at Caribbean offshore medical schools. Often, Canadians studying medicine abroad attempt to return to Canada for postgraduate residency training and ultimately to practice. METHODS: The authors conducted a qualitative media analysis to discern the dominant themes and ideologies that frame discussion of offshore medical schools, and the Canadian medical students they graduate, in the Canadian print news...
November 23, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132334/is-perfect-good-dimensions-of-perfectionism-in-newly-admitted-medical-students
#14
Helen Seeliger, Sigrid Harendza
BACKGROUND: Society expects physicians to perform perfectly but high levels of perfectionism are associated with symptoms of distress in medical students. This study investigated whether medical students admitted to medical school by different selection criteria differ in the occurrence of perfectionism. METHODS: Newly enrolled undergraduate medical students (n = 358) filled out the following instruments: Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS-H), Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS-F), Big Five Inventory (BFI-10), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE), Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9), and Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7)...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095171/vive-la-diff%C3%A3-rence-the-freedom-and-inherent-responsibilities-when-designing-and-implementing-multiple-mini-interviews
#15
Harold Reiter, Kevin Eva
The literature on multiple mini-interviews (MMIs) is replete with heterogeneous study results related to the constructs measured, correlations with other measures, and demographic relationships. Rather than view these results as contradictory, the authors ask, What if all of the results are correct? They point out that the MMI is not an assessment tool, but rather an assessment method. Design and implementation of locally conducted MMIs in medical school admissions processes should reflect local needs. As with other local assessments, MMIs should be considered separate from nationally conducted assessments that reflect more universal competencies...
October 31, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095170/medical-school-applicant-characteristics-associated-with-performance-in-multiple-mini-interviews-versus-traditional-interviews-a-multi-institutional-study
#16
Mark C Henderson, Carolyn J Kelly, Erin Griffin, Theodore R Hall, Anthony Jerant, Ellena M Peterson, Julie A Rainwater, Francis J Sousa, David Wofsy, Peter Franks
PURPOSE: To examine applicant characteristics associated with multi mini-interview (MMI) or traditional interview (TI) performance at five California public medical schools. METHOD: Of the five California Longitudinal Evaluation of Admissions Practices (CA-LEAP) consortium schools, three used TIs and two used MMIs. Schools provided the following retrospective data on all 2011-2013 admissions cycle interviewees: age, gender, race/ethnicity (under-represented in medicine [UIM] or not), self-identified disadvantaged (DA) status, undergraduate GPA, Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) score, and interview score (standardized as z-score, mean = 0, SD = 1)...
October 31, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876427/geographical-distribution-of-medical-graduates-from-a-public-university
#17
Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel, Giancarlo Lucchetti, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Maria Helena Senger, Lucas Braga, Rafael Lacerda, Marlon Filippo, Fernando Colugnati, Danette McKinley, Eliana Amaral
Objective: To evaluate the geographic distribution and career trajectory of medical graduates and the factors associated with their choice of practice location. Method: A cross-sectional study involving graduates from December 2001 to December 2010 was conducted. A self-administered questionnaire collected demographics and geographic information (place of birth, place of residence at the time of medical school admission, place of residency training and practice location), and reason for choosing the current location...
June 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860227/the-relationship-between-school-type-and-academic-performance-at-medical-school-a-national-multi-cohort-study
#18
Ben Kumwenda, Jennifer A Cleland, Kim Walker, Amanda J Lee, Rachel Greatrix
OBJECTIVES: Differential attainment in school examinations is one of the barriers to increasing student diversity in medicine. However, studies on the predictive validity of prior academic achievement and educational performance at medical school are contradictory, possibly due to single-site studies or studies which focus only on early years' performance. To address these gaps, we examined the relationship between sociodemographic factors, including school type and average educational performance throughout medical school across a large number of diverse medical programmes...
August 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681649/first-experience-with-multiple-mini-interview-for-medical-school-admission-in-brazil-does-it-work-in-a-different-cultural-scenario
#19
Durval Anibal Daniel-Filho, Elda Maria Stafuzza Gonçalves Pires, Angela Tavares Paes, Eduardo Juan Troster, Simone Cristina Azevedo B S Silva, Mariana Fachini Granato, Thomaz Bittencourt Couto, Joyce Kelly Silva Barreto, Alexandre Holthausen Campos, Julio C Martins Monte, Claudio Schvartsman
PURPOSE: Evaluation of non-cognitive skills never has been used in Brazil. This study aims to evaluate Multiple Mini Interviews (MMI) in the admission process of a School of Medicine in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: The population of the study comprised 240 applicants summoned for the interviews, and 96 raters. MMI contributed to 25% of the applicants' final grade. Eight scenarios were created with the aim of evaluating different non-cognitive skills, each one had two raters...
October 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557921/less-fantasy-more-reality-a-call-for-humanistic-change-in-medical-school-admissions
#20
Tom Laux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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