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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824260/underrepresented-minorities-in-medical-school-admissions-a-qualitative-study
#1
Margaret A Hadinger
: Phenomenon: This study explored Black/African American and Hispanic/Latino medical students' perceptions of the medical school admissions process. Previous research has explored other elements of the medical education continuum. However, little is known regarding minorities' perceptions of navigating the medical school admissions process. To address this gap in the literature, this exploratory study suggests a conceptual model describing why minorities apply to medical school and the influences affecting their admissions experience...
November 8, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821654/early-innovative-immersion-a-course-for-pre-medical-professions-students-using-point-of-care-ultrasound
#2
Courtney M Smalley, Vaughn Browne, Bonnie Kaplan, Brian Russ, Juliana Wilson, Resa E Lewiss
In preparing for medical school admissions, premedical students seek opportunities to expand their medical knowledge. Knowing what students seek and what point-of-care ultrasound offers, we created a novel educational experience using point-of-care ultrasound. The innovation has 3 goals: (1) to use point-of-care ultrasound to highlight educational concepts such as the flipped classroom, simulation, hands-on interaction, and medical exposure; (2) to work collaboratively with peers; and (3) to expose premedical students to mentoring for the medical school application process...
December 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799839/modernizing-medical-school-admission-processes-a-european-perspective
#3
Adam K Karlsson, Karl O Elmqvist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780030/technical-standards-and-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-medical-school-applicants-and-students-interrogating-sensory-capacity-and-practice-capacity
#4
Michael Argenyi
Applicants to medical schools who are deaf and hard of hearing (DHoH) or who have other disabilities face significant barriers to medical school admission. One commonly cited barrier to admission is medical schools' technical standards (TS) for admission, advancement, and graduation. Ethical values of diversity and equity support altering the technical standards to be more inclusive of people with disabilities. Incorporating these values into admissions, advancement, and graduation considerations for DHoH and other students with disabilities can contribute to the physician workforce being more representative of the diverse patients it serves and better able to care for them...
October 1, 2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780024/learning-from-physicians-with-disabilities-and-their-patients
#5
Joel A DeLisa, Jacob Jay Lindenthal
Although progress has been made in diversifying medical school admissions and faculty, this has not extended to physicians with physical disabilities. To improve our understanding of medical students and physicians with physical and sensory disabilities, the authors propose systematically gathering information on the needs and experiences of four groups: physicians who had disabilities before beginning practice, physicians whose disabilities were incurred during their medical careers, physicians drawn from those two groups, and patients of physicians with disabilities...
October 1, 2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763458/reducing-medical-school-admissions-disparities-in-an-era-of-legal-restrictions-adjusting-for-applicant-socioeconomic-disadvantage
#6
Joshua J Fenton, Kevin Fiscella, Anthony F Jerant, Francis Sousa, Mark Henderson, Tonya Fancher, Peter Franks
A diverse physician workforce is needed to increase access to care for underserved populations, particularly as the Affordable Care Act expands insurance coverage. Yet legal restrictions constrain the extent to which medical schools may use race/ethnicity in admissions decisions. We conducted simulations using academic metrics and socioeconomic data from applicants to a California public medical school from 2011 to 2013. The simulations systematically adjusted medical school applicants' academic metrics for socioeconomic disadvantage...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704290/do-personality-traits-assessed-on-medical-school-admission-predict-exit-performance-a-uk-wide-longitudinal-cohort-study
#7
R K MacKenzie, J Dowell, D Ayansina, J A Cleland
Traditional methods of assessing personality traits in medical school selection have been heavily criticised. To address this at the point of selection, "non-cognitive" tests were included in the UK Clinical Aptitude Test, the most widely-used aptitude test in UK medical education (UKCAT: http://www.ukcat.ac.uk/ ). We examined the predictive validity of these non-cognitive traits with performance during and on exit from medical school. We sampled all students graduating in 2013 from the 30 UKCAT consortium medical schools...
October 4, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680316/implicit-racial-bias-in-medical-school-admissions
#8
Quinn Capers, Daniel Clinchot, Leon McDougle, Anthony G Greenwald
PROBLEM: Implicit white race preference has been associated with discrimination in the education, criminal justice, and health care systems and could impede the entry of African Americans into the medical profession, where they and other minorities remain underrepresented. Little is known about implicit racial bias in medical school admissions committees. APPROACH: To measure implicit racial bias, all 140 members of the Ohio State University College of Medicine (OSUCOM) admissions committee took the black-white implicit association test (IAT) prior to the 2012-2013 cycle...
September 27, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670930/lottery-for-medical-school-admission
#9
Dieneke Hubbeling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638394/multiple-independent-sampling-within-medical-school-admission-interviewing-an-intermediate-approach
#10
Mark D Hanson, Nicole N Woods, Maria Athina Martimianakis, Raj Rasasingham, Kulamakan Kulasegaram
INTRODUCTION: Balancing reliability and resource limitations as well as recruitment activities during admission interviews is a challenge for many medical schools. The Modified Personal Interview (MPI) has been shown to have good psychometric properties while being resource efficient for specialized admission interviews. We describe implementation of an MPI adaptation integrating psychometric rigour alongside resourcing and recruitment goals for larger-scale medical school admission interviewing at the University of Toronto...
October 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627631/holistic-review-in-medical-school-admissions-and-selection-a-strategic-mission-driven-response-to-shifting-societal-needs
#11
Sarah S Conrad, Amy N Addams, Geoffrey H Young
Medical schools and residency programs have always sought excellence in the areas of education, research, and clinical care. However, these pursuits are not accomplished within a vacuum-rather, they are continually and necessarily influenced by social, cultural, political, legal, and economic forces. Persistent demographic inequalities coupled with rapidly evolving biomedical research and a complex legal landscape heighten our collective awareness and emphasize the continued need to consider medicine's social contract when selecting, educating, and developing physicians and physician-scientists...
September 13, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445512/national-medical-school-matching-program-optimizing-outcomes
#12
Adam Em Eltorai, Alan H Daniels
The medical school admissions process is inefficient and costly to both applicants and medical schools. For the many rejected applicants, this process represents a costly, unproductive use of time. For medical schools, numerous applications are reviewed that ultimately do not yield matriculants, representing a substantial inefficiency. In order to streamline the process and reduce costs, we propose the development of a national medical school matching program.
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384107/is-canada-ready-for-nationwide-collaboration-on-medical-school-admissions-practices-and-policies
#13
Mark D Hanson, Geneviève Moineau, Kulamakan Mahan Kulasegaram, Robert Hammond
The report by the Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada (AFMC) entitled "The Future of Medical Education in Canada: A Collective Vision for MD Education" includes recommendations to enhance admissions processes and increase national collaboration. To achieve these goals, the AFMC conducted a nationwide environmental scan appraising medical schools' readiness for national collaboration and progress toward establishing "made-in-Canada" admissions processes. A critical narrative review of the academic and gray literature was conducted as part of this environmental scan...
July 5, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27149449/a-cross-sectional-study-of-current-doctors-performance-in-a-modified-version-of-a-medical-school-admission-aptitude-test-the-ukcat
#14
James P Blackmur, Nazir I Lone, Oliver D Stone, David J Webb, Neeraj Dhaun
The 2-hour long United Kingdom Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) is used by many universities in the United Kingdom as part of their selection process for undergraduate medical and dentistry degrees. We aimed to compare the performance of senior doctors in primary and secondary care and across a range of specialties, in a modified version of the medical school entrance examination-the mUKCAT. Lay people were also included in the study. Despite its widespread use, this is the first study that examines the performance of senior clinicians in the UKCAT...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075498/enrollment-management-in-medical-school-admissions-a-novel-evidenced-based-approach-at-one-institution
#15
John C Burkhardt, Stephen L DesJardins, Carol A Teener, Steven E Gay, Sally A Santen
PURPOSE: In higher education, enrollment management has been developed to accurately predict the likelihood of enrollment of admitted students. This allows evidence to dictate numbers of interviews scheduled, offers of admission, and financial aid package distribution. The applicability of enrollment management techniques for use in medical education was tested through creation of a predictive enrollment model at the University of Michigan Medical School (U-M). METHOD: U-M and American Medical College Application Service data (2006-2014) were combined to create a database including applicant demographics, academic application scores, institutional financial aid offer, and choice of school attended...
April 12, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26887758/optimizing-the-post-graduate-institutional-program-evaluation-process
#16
Monica L Lypson, Mark E P Prince, Steven J Kasten, Nicholas H Osborne, Richard H Cohan, Terry Kowalenko, Paul J Dougherty, R Kevin Reynolds, M Catherine Spires, Jeffrey H Kozlow, Scott D Gitlin
BACKGROUND: Reviewing program educational efforts is an important component of postgraduate medical education program accreditation. The post-graduate review process has evolved over time to include centralized oversight based on accreditation standards. The institutional review process and the impact on participating faculty are topics not well described in the literature. METHODS: We conducted multiple Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycles to identify and implement areas for change to improve productivity in our institutional program review committee...
2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26864310/association-between-personality-traits-and-future-choice-of-specialisation-among-swedish-doctors-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Tomas S Bexelius, Caroline Olsson, Hans Järnbert-Pettersson, Malin Parmskog, Sari Ponzer, Marie Dahlin
BACKGROUND: Medical students' choice of their future specialty is influenced by several factors, including working conditions and type of patient relations. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the choice of specialty and personality traits. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study of 399 alumni from Karolinska Institutet Medical School who were assumed to undergo specialty training at the time of the survey in 2013...
August 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26582629/developing-a-situational-judgment-test-blueprint-for-assessing-the-non-cognitive-skills-of-applicants-to-the-university-of-utah-school-of-medicine-the-united-states
#18
Jorie M Colbert-Getz, Karly Pippitt, Benjamin Chan
PURPOSE: The situational judgment test (SJT) shows promise for assessing the non-cognitive skills of medical school applicants, but has only been used in Europe. Since the admissions processes and education levels of applicants to medical school are different in the United States and in Europe, it is necessary to obtain validity evidence of the SJT based on a sample of United States applicants. METHODS: Ninety SJT items were developed and Kane's validity framework was used to create a test blueprint...
2015: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26330210/evaluating-the-validity-of-an-integrity-based-situational-judgement-test-for-medical-school-admissions
#19
Adrian Husbands, Mark J Rodgerson, Jon Dowell, Fiona Patterson
BACKGROUND: While the construct of integrity has emerged as a front-runner amongst the desirable attributes to select for in medical school admissions, it is less clear how best to assess this characteristic. A potential solution lies in the use of Situational Judgement Tests (SJTs) which have gained popularity due to robust psychometric evidence and potential for large-scale administration. This study aims to explore the psychometric properties of an SJT designed to measure the construct of integrity...
2015: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26313700/situational-judgement-tests-in-medical-education-and-training-research-theory-and-practice-amee-guide-no-100
#20
REVIEW
Fiona Patterson, Lara Zibarras, Vicki Ashworth
Why use SJTs? Traditionally, selection into medical education professions has focused primarily upon academic ability alone. This approach has been questioned more recently, as although academic attainment predicts performance early in training, research shows it has less predictive power for demonstrating competence in postgraduate clinical practice. Such evidence, coupled with an increasing focus on individuals working in healthcare roles displaying the core values of compassionate care, benevolence and respect, illustrates that individuals should be selected on attributes other than academic ability alone...
2016: Medical Teacher
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