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chronic allograft disfunction

A Pierini, S Mirabella, A Brunati, A Ricchiuti, A Franchello, M Salizzoni
AIM: Calcineurin inhibitors (CI) are associated with significant morbidity in transplant recipients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) monotherapy in liver transplantation (LT). METHODS: We analysed 32 patients (24 males, 8 female, of mean age 55.7 years) who underwent LT between 1994 and 2003. In 29 patients immunosuppressive therapy was cyclosporine; in three patients it was tacrolimus. Eleven patients were submitted for LT due to hepatitis B cirrhosis; eight for hepatitis C cirrhosis, six for alcoholic cirrhosis, and seven for other diseases...
July 2005: Transplantation Proceedings
B Fellström
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2001: Transplantation
M Boratyńska
Cell-bound adhesion molecules are involved in immune and inflammatory responses. Soluble forms of adhesion molecules (s.a.m.) can be detected in the blood. The elevated blood levels of s.a.m. were found as a response to variety disease processes (e.g. septic shock, acute graft rejection, atherosclerosis). The objective of the present study was to measure the serum levels of s.a.m. in patients with chronic renal allograft rejection and in recipients with a stable graft function. Evaluated was also the effect of activity of graft rejection (ch...
November 1998: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
P Barbero, M G Garzino Demo, M Milanesio, A Ottobrelli
Until the last several years liver transplantation was considered an experimental treatment procedure. Nowadays virtually any disease process, that is in terminal stage, is treatable with transplantation. The introduction of cyclosporine in 1980 and the recent use of OKT3 monoclonal antibody now allows a 5-year survival rate of 60-70%. The causes of early death of patients who survive after surgery are infective complications, multiorgan failure and acute rejection of the allograft. In the literature and in our experience, bacterial sepsis is the most common cause of deaths occurring during the first postoperative months while most deaths after one year are generally related to chronic rejection of the allograft...
October 1996: Minerva Stomatologica
K Kakimoto, S Takahara, Y Kokado, H Kameoka, M Ishibashi, A Okuyama, M Kyo, S Nagano
We report a case of renal allograft rejection induced by the administration of interferon-alpha for hepatitis type C in a 36-year-old male. In September 1986, renal transplantation from his brother was performed after a 6-month delay because of his liver dysfunction. In October 1992, under the diagnosis of chronic active hepatitis type C, interferon alpha therapy was administered. Although his liver function was normalized during the treatment, proteinuria turned positive after 8 weeks of the therapy. Fourteen weeks after the start of interferon alpha therapy, the serum creatinine level was elevated, which was diagnosed clinically as a rejection reaction...
June 1994: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
D Stojković, S Pavlović, M Kozomara, V Petronić
Duplex Doppler sonography can be used in evaluation of renal allografts. Arterial Doppler signals were quantified with a pulsatility index. In this study 114 Duplex Doppler examinations were performed in 75 patients after renal transplantation. The mean PI in patients with acute rejection was statistically compared with the mean PI in normal allografts, and the mean PI in patients with CsA nephrotoxic effects and chronic rejection. The data shaw that there is statistically significant difference between the patients with acute rejection and other examined groups...
March 1992: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
I L Noronha, M Eberlein-Gonska, B Hartley, S Stephens, J S Cameron, R Waldherr
The production and release of cytokines and their receptors are of critical importance in mediating graft injury. In order to evaluate the expression of cytokines in renal allograft biopsies, we performed immunocytochemical studies to detect activated cells positive for TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, and IL-2R, using an alkaline phosphatase anti-alkaline phosphatase technique (APAAP). Sixty-one biopsy specimens from renal transplant patients were analyzed and were classified according to both clinical and conventional morphological criteria...
December 1992: Transplantation
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