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gingival recession

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637273/gingival-recession-in-mandibular-incisors-and-symphysis-morphology-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Katarina Mazurova, Jean-Baptiste Kopp, Anne Marie Renkema, Nikolaos Pandis, Christos Katsaros, Piotr S Fudalej
Objective: To evaluate if the morphology of the mandibular symphysis is associated with the development of gingival recession. Materials and methods: A cohort of 177 patients was followed longitudinally for up to 5 years post-treatment. Based on the width of the symphysis, participants were divided into three groups: narrow (n = 57); average (n = 63), and wide symphysis (n = 57). Morphology of the symphysis and inclination of incisors were measured on lateral cephalometric radiographs before treatment (Ts), at the end of treatment (T0) and 5 years after treatment (T5)...
June 15, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631541/semilunar-coronally-advanced-periodontal-flap-to-increase-soft-tissue-coverage-of-a-maxillary-fourth-premolar-in-a-dog
#2
Allen Skinner, Brook Niemiec
A 7-year-old, 31.3 kg spayed female Golden Retriever dog was presented for the treatment of Miller Class I gingival recession at the right maxillary fourth premolar (108). A semilunar coronally advanced periodontal flap was performed at this tooth and created an increase of approximately 3 mm of soft tissue coverage of the tooth. This method may have benefits over traditional periodontal advancement flaps in that there is no need for suturing, can be done more quickly, maintains lateral blood supply to the flap, and likely has decreased risk of surgical site dehiscence...
June 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626895/khat-chewing-habit-produces-a-significant-adverse-effect-on%C3%A2-periodontal-oral-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
M S Al-Akhali, E A Al-Moraissi
Although there is a general agreement that a khat chewing habit produces clinicopathological changes in the oral mucosa. However there is no reliable evidence of the effects of a khat chewing habit on the periodontal tissues. Thus, authors aimed to investigate the influence of khat chewing habits on periodontal, oral health, by comparing khat chewers to non-chewers in respect of gingival recession, periodontal pocketing depth and loss of attachment. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620633/efficacy-of-human-umbilical-stem-cells-cultured-on-polylactic-polyglycolic-acid-membrane-in-the-treatment-of-multiple-gingival-recession-defects-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-study
#4
Kushal Zanwar, Kiran Kumar Ganji, Manohar L Bhongade
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Recently allogenic mesenchymal stem cells are proposed to have multipotential progenitor cell capabilities to differentiate into cementoblasts, osteoblasts, and periodontal ligament fibroblasts. PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of human umbilical stem cells cultured on polylactic acid (PLA), polyglycolic acid (PGA) membrane with PLA/PGA membrane alone in the treatment of multiple gingival recession defects...
June 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617953/the-gingival-biotype-in-a-cohort-of-chinese-subjects-with-and-without-history-of-periodontal-disease
#5
F Liu, G Pelekos, L J Jin
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to determine the gingival biotype in Chinese subjects with and without a history of periodontal disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty periodontally healthy subjects and 20 subjects with treated chronic periodontitis were recruited. The mid-buccal gingival thickness of upper central and lateral incisors was measured by a customized caliper in all subjects. The crown length and crown width of these teeth were recorded in the healthy group, while gingival recession was measured in the periodontitis group...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609509/connective-tissue-graft-and-crown-resin-composite-restoration-for-the-treatment-of-gingival-recession-associated-with-noncarious-cervical-lesions-case-series
#6
Camila Augusto Silveira, Ingrid Fernandes Mathias, Felipe Lucas da Silva Neves, Nídia Cristina Castro Dos Santos, Cássia Fernandes Araújo, Maria Aparecida Neves Jardini, Eduardo Bresciani, Mauro Pedrine Santamaria
The purpose of this case series is to describe a restorative and surgical approach to treat the combined defect (CD)-gingival recession associated with noncarious cervical lesions (NCCL)-through connective tissue graft in combination with partial resin composite filling, restoring the crown zone plus 1 mm of the NCCL. A total of 10 patients were included. Bleeding on probing, probing depth, relative gingival recession, clinical attachment level, CD height, and dentin hypersensitivity were measured. The treatment provided statistically significant gain in clinical attachment level and shallow probing depths...
July 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609505/creation-of-a-zone-of-immobile-connective-tissue-with-acellular-dermal-matrix-allografts
#7
Ramzi V Abou-Arraj, Maninder Kaur, Philip J Vassilopoulos, Nicolaas C Geurs
Acellular dermal matrix allografts (ADMs) have been hypothesized to create a zone of immobile connective tissue (ICT) extending apical to the mucogingival junction (MGJ). This 12-month prospective randomized trial investigated the presence of ICT after the use of two commercially available ADMs with coronally advanced flaps in the treatment of Miller Class I and II recession defects. This study demonstrated that the use of either type of ADM resulted in predictable root coverage and a zone of ICT extending apical to the MGJ by 1...
July 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609503/the-effect-of-enamel-matrix-derivative-alone-versus-in-combination-with-alloplastic-materials-to-treat-intrabony-defects-a-meta-analysis
#8
Yang Liu, Bo Hu, Jingli Zhou, Wenyang Li, Qin Liu, Jinlin Song
This meta-analysis aims to compare the effect of the application of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) used alone with that of its use in combination with alloplastic materials in the treatment of periodontal intrabony defects. Relevant studies were retrieved from PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and Embase through November 2015. The main clinical outcomes were pocket probing depth (PPD) reduction, clinical attachment level (CAL) gain, gingival recession (REC) increase, and defect fill gain. Two separate meta-analyses were performed according to the length of follow-up...
July 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609502/vascularization-and-innervation-of-connective-tissue-grafts-in-the-treatment-of-gingival-recessions-a-histologic-and-immunohistochemical-study
#9
Stefano Perotto, Federica Romano, Luca Cricenti, Stefano Gotti, Mario Aimetti
The goal of this study was to histologically evaluate the healing process of subepithelial connective tissue graft in humans. A sample of 16 patients with Miller Class I or II localized gingival recession defects were consecutively treated with a bilaminar technique. At baseline and after 2 months, tissue samples were taken from the donor and recipient sites. The revascularization and reinnervation of the graft were examined by means of hematoxylin-eosin and immunohistochemical techniques. After 2 months of healing, the integration of the grafted tissue was evident with the connective tissue expressing features belonging to both the recipient (cellular component) and the donor site (extracellular matrix) in the inner and superficial layers, respectively...
July 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609501/coronally-advanced-flap-technique-to-treat-class-i-and-ii-gingival-recession-in-combination-with-connective-tissue-graft-or-equine-collagen-matrix-a-retrospective-study
#10
Giacomo Tarquini
This retrospective study aimed to compare the effectiveness of an equine collagen matrix (ECM) with that of a subepithelial connective tissue graft (CTG) in patients affected by Class I and II gingival recessions treated with a coronally advanced flap (CAF) technique. Records of 50 consecutive patients were analyzed. Recession depth, probing depth, keratinized tissue width, and percentage of root coverage had been recorded at baseline and at the 1-year follow-up. The number of patients that achieved complete root coverage was also assessed...
July 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590091/an-update-on-the-protocols-and-biologic-actions-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-in-dentistry
#11
Rucha Shah, Triveni M G, Raison Thomas, Dhoom Singh Mehta
Platelet rich fibrin (PRF) is a surgical biologic additive that is prepared by manipulation of autologous blood. It has now evolved to become one of the most widely used platelet concentrate in dentistry. It has almost replaced Platelet rich plasma (PRP) for usage owing to its advantages such as being 100% autogenous, easy technique, time and cost effectiveness, superior & prolonged growth factor release. It finds varied applications in dentistry including management of gingival recession, for guided bone regeneration in periodontal, peri-implant and endodontic bone defects...
June 2017: European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555201/reconstruction-of-horizontovertical-alveolar-defects-presentation-of-a-novel-split-thickness-flap-design-%C3%A2-for-guided-bone-regeneration-%C3%A2-a-case-report-with-5-year-follow-up
#12
Peter Windisch, Anna Martin, Arvin Shahbazi, Balint Molnar
OBJECTIVE: To introduce a novel split-thickness flap design without periosteal and vertical releasing incisions for horizontovertical ridge augmentation. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Three patients with generalized chronic periodontitis presented posterior partial edentulism with class C alveolar defects according to the horizontal, vertical, and combination (HVC) classification. In all three cases, implant placement and simultaneous horizontovertical ridge augmentation utilizing a novel split-thickness flap design was performed...
2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551729/use-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-in-regenerative-dentistry-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Richard J Miron, Giovanni Zucchelli, Michael A Pikos, Maurice Salama, Samuel Lee, Vincent Guillemette, Masako Fujioka-Kobayashi, Mark Bishara, Yufeng Zhang, Hom-Lay Wang, Fatiha Chandad, Cleopatra Nacopoulos, Alain Simonpieri, Alexandre Amir Aalam, Pietro Felice, Gilberto Sammartino, Shahram Ghanaati, Maria A Hernandez, Joseph Choukroun
OBJECTIVES: Research across many fields of medicine now points towards the clinical advantages of combining regenerative procedures with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF). This systematic review aimed to gather the extensive number of articles published to date on PRF in the dental field to better understand the clinical procedures where PRF may be utilized to enhance tissue/bone formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Manuscripts were searched systematically until May 2016 and separated into the following categories: intrabony and furcation defect regeneration, extraction socket management, sinus lifting procedures, gingival recession treatment, and guided bone regeneration (GBR) including horizontal/vertical bone augmentation procedures...
July 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551728/gingival-biotype-revisited-novel-classification-and-assessment-tool
#14
Kai R Fischer, Andreas Künzlberger, Nikolaos Donos, Stefan Fickl, Anton Friedmann
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between gingival biotypes and gingival thickness based on probe transparency through the gingival margin and to assess the sensitivity of a novel classification method. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty adult Caucasian subjects were stratified by their gingival biotype (GB) as defined by the transparency of a prototype double-ended periodontal probe through the buccal gingival margin into "thin" (30 subjects), "moderate" (15 subjects), and "thick" (15 subjects) GB...
May 27, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550846/platelet-rich-fibrin-membrane-does-not-improve-clinical-outcomes-compared-with-other%C3%A2-treatment-modalities-in-the-treatment-of-gingival-recession
#15
Yumi Ogata, Yong Hur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520823/comparison-of-tunnel-and-crestal-incision-techniques-in-reconstruction-of-localized-alveolar-defects
#16
Nur Altiparmak, Sina Uckan, Burak Bayram, Sıdıka Soydan
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the complication rates of recipient sites prepared using two incision techniques: crestal and tunnel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, patients underwent augmentation procedures (68 patients; 75 sites) by the same surgeon that were performed consecutively using the crestal incision technique (27 horizontal, 10 vertical; crestal group) or the tunnel incision technique (27 horizontal, 11 vertical; tunnel group)...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512549/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-the-photobiomodulation-in-the-treatment-of-dentin-hypersensitivity-after-basic-therapy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Cristina García-Delaney, Daniel Abad-Sánchez, Josep Arnabat-Domínguez, Eduard Valmaseda-Castellón, Cosme Gay-Escoda
BACKGROUND: Dentin hypersensitivity (DH) in one of the most common causes of patient discomfort in the general population and its prevalence is higher in patients who have received basic or surgical periodontal treatment. Efficiency of the diode laser with different wavelengths has been studied by several authors, showing an improvement rate of the DH between 60-98%. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of photobiomodulation (PBM) treatment on the reduction of DH after non surgical periodontal treatment...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512538/oral-hygiene-and-periodontal-health-status-among-khat-chewers-a-case-control-study
#18
Sadeq-Ali Al-Maweri, Mohammed AlAkhali
BACKGROUND: Habitual khat chewing is a widespread male habit in Southern Arabia and East Africa. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of Khat chewing on oral hygiene and periodontal health status among Yemeni male khat chewers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This case- control study included 310 khat chewers, aged 20-65 years, and 72 age- and gender- matched non-chewers as controls. Periodontal examination included recording of dental plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing pocket depth (PPD), attachment level (AL) and gingival recession (GR)...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490846/reliability-of-intra-oral-camera-using-teledentistry-in-screening-of-oral-diseases-pilot-study
#19
Kalyana Chakravarthy Pentapati, Preetinanda Mishra, Mehrshad Damania, Siddharth Narayanan, Garima Sachdeva, Geetanshu Bhalla
OBJECTIVE: Reliability of intra-oral camera using teledentistry in screening of oral diseases. METHODOLOGY: A trained and calibrated examiner used intra-oral camera to capture videos of oral cavity along with clinical examination to evaluate caries, plaque, calculus, tooth wear and fluorosis, stains in children. RESULTS: The mean DT and DMFT were significantly higher with use of intra-oral camera than with clinical examination (p = 0.001 and 0...
April 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488339/root-caries-experience-among-australian-adults
#20
Ninuk Hariyani, A John Spencer, Liana Luzzi, Loc Giang Do
BACKGROUND: Increase in life expectancy and tooth retention in contemporary Australian adults may increase population-level burden of having root caries. This study aimed to describe patterns and evaluate associations of root caries with socio-demographic, socio-economic, clinical and behavioural factors. METHODS: A secondary analysis was undertaken using data from the National Survey of Adult Oral Health 2004-2006, which included 5505 randomly general adults 15+ years old...
May 10, 2017: Gerodontology
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