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gingival recession

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218735/soft-tissue-regrowth-after-osseous-resective-surgery-with-and-without-fibre-retention-technique-four-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Mario Aimetti, Giulia Maria Mariani, Elena Ercoli, Martina Audagna, Federica Romano
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes and soft-tissue rebound following Fibre Retention Osseous Resective Surgery (FibReORS) and Osseous Resective Surgery (ORS) over a 48-month period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen chronic periodontitis patients, displaying two contralateral posterior sextants with residual intrabony defects ≤ 3 mm in single-rooted or multi-rooted teeth with no or grade I furcation involvement, were treated in a split-mouth study model...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192292/association-between-central-papilla-recession-and-gingival-and-interdental-smile-line
#2
Abhay P Kolte, Rajashri A Kolte, Anshuka A Agrawal, Tushar Shrirao, Kamal Mankar
OBJECTIVE: Interdental soft tissues play a critical role in pink esthetics. The presence and preservation of the interdental papillae in the esthetic zone is as crucial as the shape and contour of the anterior teeth in achieving an esthetically pleasing smile. The present study determines the association of central papilla recession with gingival and interdental smile line in periodontally healthy patients of different age groups. METHOD AND MATERIALS: The present study included 200 patients equally divided into 21 to 40 years and 41 to 60 years age groups...
November 30, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188700/dual-role-of-subepithelial-connective-tissue-grafting-in-regeneration-of-periodontal-attachment-apparatus
#3
Nettemu Sunil Kumar, Nettem Sowmya, Vijendra Pal Singh, Madhu B Verma
Periodontal plastic and aesthetic surgery are gaining significant momentum owing to the increasing aesthetic demands by patients. Along with the fulfilment of aesthetic needs, it is imperative that clinicians also enhance function. From these two important viewpoints, subepithelial connective tissue grafting remains an optimum treatment choice for periodontists when treating gingival recession defects accompanied by periodontal attachment apparatus breakdown. Clinical relevance: Subepithelial connective tissue grafting is a successful procedure in its dual role of gingival recession coverage and predictable periodontal regeneration...
May 2017: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178932/herbst-appliance-with-skeletal-anchorage-versus-dental-anchorage-in-adolescents-with-class-ii-malocclusion-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Klaus Barretto Dos Santos Lopes Batista, Tatiana Lima, Nathália Palomares, Felipe de Assis Carvalho, Cátia Quintão, José Augusto Mendes Miguel, Yin-Ling Lin, Ting-Li Su, Kevin O'Brien
BACKGROUND: The Herbst appliance is an orthodontic appliance that is used for the correction of class II malocclusion with skeletal discrepancies. Research has shown that this is effective. However, a potential harm is excessive protrusion of the lower front teeth. This is associated with gingival recession, loss of tooth support, and root resorption. This trial evaluates a method of reducing this problem. METHODS/DESIGN: The study is a single-center, randomised, assessor-blinded, superiority clinical trial with parallel 1:1 allocation...
November 25, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173862/effects-of-vacuum-formed-retainers-on-periodontal-status-and-their-retention-efficiency
#5
Muhsin Çifter, A Deniz Gümrü Çelikel, Ali Çekici
INTRODUCTION: The stability of treatment results is a major concern in orthodontics. Numerous retention regimens to maintain stability have been introduced. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of vacuum-formed retainers (VFRs) on periodontal tissues and the retention efficiency of VFRs. METHODS: Forty patients were included in this study. Clinical effectiveness of VFRs for nighttime use only over a 12-month period was assessed by using the American Board of Orthodontics' Objective Grading System...
December 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160341/dehiscences-and-fenestrations-methodological-care-necessary-to-avoid-errors-in-diagnosis-and-measurement
#6
Alberto Consolaro
The low prevalence of gingival recessions observed in orthodontic clinical practice may be assigned to the fact that in studies in which dehiscences and bone fenestrations are described as frequent, they were diagnosed based on: 1) dry skull studies; 2) areas with periosteal reflection together with flap; and 3) imaging techniques with low sensitivity to detect these defects, which have a delicate structure and function. In areas of pseudo-dehiscences and fenestrations, the periosteum and the alveolar cortical bone are very thin; also, they either have been removed during preparation of the dry specimens in the areas for analysis, or, alternatively, have not been investigated using an ideal imaging method...
September 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150019/definitive-abutments-probably-result-in-minimal-decrease-in-bone-loss-and-buccal-gingival-recession-compared-with-traditional-implants
#7
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145570/tooth-wear-and-gingival-recession-in-210-orthodontically-treated-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Marco Mijuskovic, Meret C Gebistorf, Nikolaos Pandis, Anne M Renkema, Piotr S Fudalej
Aim: To assess the association between tooth wear (TW) and gingival recession (GR). Materials and Methods: Two hundred and ten orthodontically treated participants (100 males) were evaluated. GR and TW were rated independently by four raters on plaster models at four time points: before treatment (T1), mean age 13.8 years (SD = 3.7); after treatment (T2), mean age 16.7 years (SD = 3.9); 3 years after treatment (T3), mean age 19.7 years (SD = 4.2); and 7 years after treatment (T4), mean age 23...
November 14, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114425/relationships-between-initial-probing-depth-and-changes-in-the-clinical-parameters-following-non-surgical-periodontal-treatment-in-chronic-periodontitis
#9
Suleyman Emre Meseli, Bahar Kuru, Leyla Kuru
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between initial probing depth (IPD) and changes in clinical parameters following non-surgical periodontal treatment (NPT) in chronic periodontitis patients. Subjects and Methods: A total of 1672 periodontal pockets having 3mm≤IPD≤9mm of depth in 15 chronic periodontitis patients were included. NPT consisting of oral hygiene instructions, scaling and root planing was applied in two sessions. Probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level, gingival recessions (GR) were measured before and eight weeks after treatment...
2017: Journal of Istanbul University Faculty of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107123/use-of-buccal-fat-pads-to-prevent-vestibular-gingival-recession-of-zygomatic-implants
#10
P Guennal, J Guiol
Zygomatic implants can be used for dental rehabilitation in atrophic maxillae. This allows for maxillary grafts to be avoided while also permitting immediate functional use. Initially, the implants had a palatal emergence. The surgical technique has undergone continuous development and the implants are now sometimes extra-maxillary in order to better match with the prosthetic space. The main risk is vestibular exposure of the implant as a gingival recession caused by mucositis or peri-implantitis. When the first patients exhibited this problem, the authors sought a solution in order to prevent this complication from occurring...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101312/gingival-tissue-inflammation-promotes-increased-matrix-metalloproteinase-12-production-by-cd200r-low-monocyte-derived-cells-in-periodontitis
#11
Sofia Björnfot Holmström, Reuben Clark, Stephanie Zwicker, Daniela Bureik, Egle Kvedaraite, Eric Bernasconi, Anh Thu Nguyen Hoang, Gunnar Johannsen, Benjamin J Marsland, Elisabeth A Boström, Mattias Svensson
Irreversible tissue recession in chronic inflammatory diseases is associated with dysregulated immune activation and production of tissue degradative enzymes. In this study, we identified elevated levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-12 in gingival tissue of patients with the chronic inflammatory disease periodontitis (PD). The source of MMP12 was cells of monocyte origin as determined by the expression of CD14, CD68, and CD64. These MMP12-producing cells showed reduced surface levels of the coinhibitory molecule CD200R...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090127/three-dimensional-structural-analysis-of-the-morphological-condition-of-the-alveolar-bone-before-and-after-orthodontic-treatment
#12
Yasuhiro Shimizu, Takashi Ono
Assessing the condition of the alveolar bone before and after orthodontic treatment is important. Recently, cone-beam computed tomography has been widely accepted as a useful tool for orthodontic treatment. Moreover, using a three-dimensional (3D) structural analysis software enables gathering detailed information and quantifying data. The aim of this study was to introduce various quantitative analyses performed before and after orthodontic treatment by using a 3D structural analysis software for evaluating the morphological condition of the alveolar bone of a patient with gingival recession around the canines...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077365/prevalence-of-anterior-cross-bite-in-preadolescent-orthodontic-patients-attending-an-orthodontic-clinic
#13
S N Vithanaarachchi, L S Nawarathna
Introduction: Anterior cross bite is a common malocclusion and early treatment is indicated. Determining its prevalence is important to plan orthodontic services. Objective: To assess the prevalence and associated features of anterior cross bite in pre-adolescent patients attending an orthodontic clinic. Methods: A hospital based cross sectional study was conducted. Seven hundred and twenty one consecutive patients were examined for anterior cross bite...
September 30, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072215/modified-lateral-positioned-flap-with-platelet-rich-fibrin-graft-for-treatment-of-denuded-root-surfaces-a-clinical-study
#14
Abhishek Ashok Kurdukar, Priyanka Abhishek Kurdukar, Nitin Hemchandra Dani
BACKGROUND: Root coverage (RC) procedures such as lateral positioned flap (LPF) have been used since long time but with limited success and specific indications. AIM: This prospective clinical study was designed to evaluate clinically the effect of modified LPF (mLPF) with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) graft for the treatment of denuded root surfaces. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen isolated Miller's Class I and II gingival recession of single-rooted teeth were selected for the study...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072214/self-perception-of-patients-after-periodontal-treatment-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Amanda Finger Stadler, Rachel Romagna, Vanessa Rossi, Daniele Morosini Costa, Sabrina Carvalho Gomes
AIMS: To investigate the perceptions of subjects regarding nonsurgical periodontal treatment over a period of 1 year. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial, in a longitudinal observational design. METHODS: Nineteen subjects (47.24 ± 6.47 years) with moderate to severe periodontitis completed a questionnaire at two different times after a nonsurgical periodontal treatment: 30 (T1) and 390 days (T2)...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058084/clinical-evaluation-of-coronally-advanced-flap-with-or-without-platelet-rich-fibrin-for-the-treatment-of-multiple-gingival-recessions
#16
Samed Kuka, Sebnem Dirikan Ipci, Gokser Cakar, Selcuk Yılmaz
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this randomized, controlled study was to assess the clinical effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) in combination with coronally advanced flap (CAF) on root coverage, esthetics, and patient satisfaction when compared to CAF alone for the treatment of multiple Miller class I recessions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 patients with 52 Miller class I multiple recessions ≥ 3 mm were included and divided into CAF + PRF and CAF groups. At baseline and 12 months after surgery, recession height (RH), keratinized tissue height, gingival thickness (GT), and mean and complete defect coverage were evaluated...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050018/root-surface-biofilms-and-caries
#17
Thuy Do, Nailê Damé-Teixeira, Monika Naginyte, Philip D Marsh
Following gingival recession, which increases with age, the root surface becomes exposed, creating new environments for microbial colonization and biofilm formation. The formation of root surface biofilms is influenced by the availability and composition of saliva and gingival crevicular fluid; they provide components for the conditioning film (acquired root surface pellicle) and also act as a source of nutrients. The early bacterial colonizers of the root surface are similar to those found on the enamel, and Gram-positive species such as Streptococcus sanguinis, S...
2017: Monographs in Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050017/specificities-of-caries-on-root-surface
#18
Nailê Damé-Teixeira, Clarissa Cavalcanti Fatturi Parolo, Marisa Maltz
Variations in organic and inorganic composition and morphology may determine different susceptibilities of root surfaces to caries. Subsequent to gingival recession, root surfaces become exposed and those areas where Sharpey's fibers system was once inserted into the cementum are converted into canals for microbial penetration. In the presence of a cariogenic root biofilm, the fermentable carbohydrate from diet is converted into organic acid, and the root caries lesion is initiated in the exposed root site...
2017: Monographs in Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042736/multiple-gingival-recession-coverage-treated-with-vestibular-incision-subperiosteal-tunnel-access-approach-with-or-without-platelet-rich-fibrin-a-case-series
#19
Surbhi Garg, Sachit Anand Arora, Shivjot Chhina, Padam Singh
BACKGROUND: Gingival recession involves both soft tissue and hard tissue loss. In this evolutionary era of dentistry, newer techniques have evolved for complete coverage of isolated recession defects. Since 2012, vestibular incision subperiosteal tunnel access (VISTA) technique was used with various regenerative membranes to treat multiple recession defects (MRDs). Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membrane, a pool of growth factors but have any added advantage to recession coverage techniques is controversial...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023624/two-year-clinical-evaluation-of-pedicled-buccal-fat-pad-alone-and-with-emdogain-for-root-coverage-of-severe-gingival-recession-defects-a-case-series
#20
Sally Abd-ElMeniem El-Haddad, Mohammad Abd-ElHakeem El-Shall
Gingival recession is defined as an apical displacement of the gingival margin beyond the cementoenamel junction leading to serious consequences, including exposure of the root surface, loss of periodontal attachment, root sensitivity to hot and cold air, and esthetic problems. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term effect of pedicled buccal fat pad (PBFP) alone and with Emdogain in covering severe gingival recession defects and restoring tooth function. A total of 10 severe buccal recession defects in maxillary first molars were selected to be treated with PBFP, with Emdogain (group I; n = 5) or alone (group II; n = 5)...
2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
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