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gingival recession

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520823/comparison-of-tunnel-and-crestal-incision-techniques-in-reconstruction-of-localized-alveolar-defects
#1
Nur Altiparmak, Sina Uckan, Burak Bayram, Sıdıka Soydan
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the complication rates of recipient sites prepared using two incision techniques: crestal and tunnel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, patients underwent augmentation procedures (68 patients; 75 sites) by the same surgeon that were performed consecutively using the crestal incision technique (27 horizontal, 10 vertical; crestal group) or the tunnel incision technique (27 horizontal, 11 vertical; tunnel group)...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512549/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-the-photobiomodulation-in-the-treatment-of-dentin-hypersensitivity-after-basic-therapy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Cristina García-Delaney, Daniel Abad-Sánchez, Josep Arnabat-Domínguez, Eduard Valmaseda-Castellón, Cosme Gay-Escoda
BACKGROUND: Dentin hypersensitivity (DH) in one of the most common causes of patient discomfort in the general population and its prevalence is higher in patients who have received basic or surgical periodontal treatment. Efficiency of the diode laser with different wavelengths has been studied by several authors, showing an improvement rate of the DH between 60-98%. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of photobiomodulation (PBM) treatment on the reduction of DH after non surgical periodontal treatment...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512538/oral-hygiene-and-periodontal-health-status-among-khat-chewers-a-case-control-study
#3
Sadeq-Ali Al-Maweri, Mohammed AlAkhali
BACKGROUND: Habitual khat chewing is a widespread male habit in Southern Arabia and East Africa. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of Khat chewing on oral hygiene and periodontal health status among Yemeni male khat chewers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This case- control study included 310 khat chewers, aged 20-65 years, and 72 age- and gender- matched non-chewers as controls. Periodontal examination included recording of dental plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing pocket depth (PPD), attachment level (AL) and gingival recession (GR)...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490846/reliability-of-intra-oral-camera-using-teledentistry-in-screening-of-oral-diseases-pilot-study
#4
Kalyana Chakravarthy Pentapati, Preetinanda Mishra, Mehrshad Damania, Siddharth Narayanan, Garima Sachdeva, Geetanshu Bhalla
OBJECTIVE: Reliability of intra-oral camera using teledentistry in screening of oral diseases. METHODOLOGY: A trained and calibrated examiner used intra-oral camera to capture videos of oral cavity along with clinical examination to evaluate caries, plaque, calculus, tooth wear and fluorosis, stains in children. RESULTS: The mean DT and DMFT were significantly higher with use of intra-oral camera than with clinical examination (p = 0.001 and 0...
April 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488339/root-caries-experience-among-australian-adults
#5
Ninuk Hariyani, A John Spencer, Liana Luzzi, Loc Giang Do
BACKGROUND: Increase in life expectancy and tooth retention in contemporary Australian adults may increase population-level burden of having root caries. This study aimed to describe patterns and evaluate associations of root caries with socio-demographic, socio-economic, clinical and behavioural factors. METHODS: A secondary analysis was undertaken using data from the National Survey of Adult Oral Health 2004-2006, which included 5505 randomly general adults 15+ years old...
May 10, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478985/a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-comparing-the-use-of-displacement-cords-an-aluminum-chloride-paste-and-a-combination-of-paste-and-cords-for-tissue-displacement
#6
Erna R Einarsdottir, Niklaus P Lang, Thor Aspelund, Bjarni E Pjetursson
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Gingival recession after soft tissue displacement for impression making in fixed prosthodontics may pose a problem for treatment success in the esthetic areas of the mouth. Knowledge about the soft tissue reaction of common gingival displacement methods is limited. PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical randomized controlled trial (RCT) was to evaluate changes in the marginal soft tissue height with 3 different gingival tissue displacement techniques for definitive impression making of natural teeth...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465795/the-comparison-of-modified-semilunar-technique-in-conjunction-with-connective-tissue-and-subepithelial-connective-tissue-graft-for-root-coverage-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Niloofar Jenabian, Nafiseh Khanjani, Ali Bijani
BACKGROUND: Gingival recession may result in aesthetically unfavourable effects, difficulty in plaque control, increased susceptibility to root caries, and dentin hypersensitivity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the use of modified semilunar techniques with connective tissue and subepithelial connective tissue grafts (Langer) for denuded root surface coverage. METHODS: In this randomized clinical trial, fourteen localized recessions of Miller class I to II were treated in 5 subjects...
February 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457262/prevalence-of-gingival-recession-after-orthodontic-tooth-movements
#8
Jason W Morris, Phillip M Campbell, Larry P Tadlock, Jimmy Boley, Peter H Buschang
INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to evaluate the long-term prevalence of gingival recession after orthodontic tooth movements, focusing on the effects of mandibular incisor proclination and expansion of maxillary posterior teeth. METHODS: Records of 205 patients (162 female, 43 male) were obtained from 2 private practice orthodontists. Using pretreatment (age, 14.0 ± 5.9 years) and posttreatment (age, 16.5 ± 6.0 years) lateral cephalograms and dental models, mandibular incisor proclination and maxillary arch widths were measured...
May 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422460/an-evaluation-of-plaque-and-gingivitis-reduction-following-home-use-of-sonicare-flexcare-platinum-with-premium-plaque-control-brush-head-and-a-manual-toothbrush
#9
Wendy Jenkins, Sonia Souza, Marilyn Ward, Jodi Defenbaugh, Kimberly R Milleman, Jeffery L Milleman
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of the Philips Sonicare FlexCare Platinum with Premium plaque control brush head on gingival inflammation, bleeding, and supragingival plaque reduction following a six-week period of home use compared to a manual toothbrush. METHODS: This was a randomized, single-blind, parallel-design clinical trial. Subjects included in the study were routine manual toothbrush users who were generally healthy non-smokers, aged 18-65 years, with mild to moderate gingivitis...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419497/predictors-of-long-term-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-periodontal-maintenance
#10
Pedro Martinez-Canut, Andrés Llobell, Antonio Romero
AIM: This retrospective study aimed to characterize the baseline status of patients following periodontal maintenance, analysing the association between the long-term outcome of these patients, smoking, bruxism and the main clinical and radiographic variables. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A sample of 174 patients with moderate to severe periodontitis was refined into homogeneous sub-samples according to smoking and bruxism and the rate of tooth loss due to periodontal disease (TLPD): 0, 1-2, and >2 teeth...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416313/changes-of-periodontal-parameters-after-apical-surgery-correlation-of-clinical-and-cone-beam-computed-tomographic-data
#11
Thomas von Arx, Linda Antonini, Giovanni E Salvi, Michael M Bornstein
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes of the marginal periodontium 1 year after apical surgery. METHODS: Clinical and radiographic (cone-beam computed tomographic) examinations of 54 teeth treated with buccal access flaps for apical surgery were performed at baseline and after 1 year. Clinical assessment included measurements of probing pocket depth, the level of gingival margin (GM), and the width of keratinized tissue. Subsequently, the clinical attachment level (CAL) and the width of the attached gingiva were calculated...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406122/effects-of-810-nanometer-diode-laser-as-an-adjunct-to-mechanical-periodontal-treatment-on-clinical-periodontal-parameters-and-gingival-crevicular-fluid-volume-of-residual-periodontal-pockets
#12
S E Meseli, B Kuru, L Kuru
BACKGROUND: Aim of this randomized controlled parallel-designed study was to evaluate the effects of diode laser as an adjunct to mechanical periodontal treatment on clinical parameters and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) volume of the residual pockets diagnosed following initial periodontal treatment in chronic periodontitis (CP) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 84 residual pockets on single-rooted teeth in 11 CP patients were included and randomly assigned into three groups...
April 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402347/use-of-the-modified-apically-repositioned-flap-technique-to-create-attached-gingiva-in-areas-of-no-keratinized-tissue-a-clinical-and-histologic-evaluation
#13
João Carnio, Paulo M Camargo, Perry R Klokkevold, Yi-Ling Lin, Flavia Q Pirih
The complete absence of keratinized attached gingiva on the buccal surface of a tooth can make the area more susceptible to gingival recession. The modified apically repositioned flap (MARF) technique is an effective procedure to increase the dimensions of attached gingiva in areas that present with some existing keratinized tissue. The objective of this case report is to present long-term clinical and histologic evidence that the MARF technique can be used to create attached gingiva in areas that lack keratinized tissue...
May 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402343/use-of-allograft-with-platelet-concentrate-in-the-treatment-of-multiple-miller-class-iii-gingival-recession-defects-report-of-three-cases
#14
Yumi Ogata, Minh Bui, Terrence J Griffin, Yong Hur
Three patients with multiple Miller Class III recession defects with substantial bone loss were treated with hard tissue augmentation with the goal to prevent future recessions. The surgery involved a full-thickness mucoperiosteal coronally advanced flap, bone grafting, and primary flap closure. Freeze-dried bone allograft (FDBA) in combination with plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) was grafted during the procedure. After more than 6 months, the treated sites showed soft tissue maturation and esthetic tissue blending...
May 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400645/juvenile-hyaline-fibromatosis-a-10-year-follow-up
#15
Esra Baltacioglu, Esra Guzeldemir, Erkan Sukuroglu, Kadriye Yildiz, Pinar Yuva, Güven Aydin, Naci Karacal
Juvenile hyaline fibromatosis (JHF) is a rare hereditary disease with an autosomal recessive transmission. JHF is characterized by papulonodular skin lesions, osteolytic bone lesions, flexural joint contractures, and gingival hyperplasia and usually diagnosed in infancy or early childhood. JHF is thought to be a disorder of collagen metabolism and characterized by homogenous amorphous eosinophilic material and fibrous tissue. We report the case of a 14-year-old male child with multiple papulonodular skin lesions, progressive flexion contractures of joints, and severe gingival hyperplasia, with a 10-year follow-up...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396887/comparison-of-enamel-matrix-derivative-emdogain-and-subepithelial-connective-tissue-graft-for-root-coverage-in-patients-with-multiple-gingival-recession-defects-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-study
#16
Angeliki Alexiou, Ioannis Vouros, Georgios Menexes, Antonis Konstantinidis
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to compare the clinical efficiency of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) placed under a coronally advanced flap (CAF; test group), to a connective tissue graft (CTG) placed under a CAF (control group), in patients with multiple recession defects. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Twelve patients with multiple Miller's Class I or II gingival recessions in contralateral quadrants of the maxilla were selected. The primary outcome variable was the change in depth of the buccal recession (REC), at 6 months (T6) after surgery...
2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393469/gingival-profiles-in-a-select-asian-cohort-a-pilot-study
#17
Wan Zhen Lee, Marianne M A Ong, Alvin B-K Yeo
AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the facial gingival profiles of teeth with a healthy periodontium in an Asian population. METHODS: A total of 51 patients with a healthy periodontium were examined. Gingival thickness (GT) and gingival width (GW) were assessed at the maxillary and mandibular incisors to the first molars. GT was measured by transgingival probing (GT-TGP), and probe visibility through the marginal gingiva (GT-TRAN) was assessed. Results between groups (anterior and posterior, tooth types) were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and t-test...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392815/gingival-unit-graft-versus-free-gingival-graft-for-treatment-of-gingival-recession-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#18
Niloofar Jenabian, Mohadese Yazdanpanah Bahabadi, Ali Bijani, Morteza Rahimi Rad
OBJECTIVES: Gingival recession can lead to root exposure and discomfort for patients. There are various techniques for root coverage. The aim of this study was to compare the use of gingival unit graft (palatal graft including the marginal gingiva and papillae) with free gingival graft for treatment of localized gingival recession. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 18 bilateral localized recessions of Miller class I and II were treated in nine systemically healthy patients...
June 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366818/effects-of-root-debridement-and-adjunctive-photodynamic-therapy-in-residual-pockets-of-patients-on-supportive-periodontal-therapy-a-randomized-split-mouth-trial
#19
Edwin X Goh, Kai Soo Tan, Yiong Huak Chan, Lum Peng Lim
BACKGROUND: The study aims to compare the effects of adjunctive photodynamic therapy (PDT) with scaling and root debridement alone on periodontal parameters and inflammatory cytokines in residual pockets of patients undergoing maintenance therapy. METHODS: 27 subjects, each with at least 2 residual pockets ≥5mm, were recruited for this randomized, split-mouth controlled trial, providing total of 72 sites. Probing pocket depth (PPD), recession, clinical attachment loss (CAL), plaque and bleeding on probing of all sites were examined at baseline, 3 and 6 months...
March 30, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357001/laser-assisted-non-surgical-periodontal-therapy-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Joseph D Everett, Jeffrey A Rossmann, David G Kerns, Ibtisam Al-Hashimi
The objective of this study was to examine potential benefits of using laser therapy for secular decontamination in conjunction with scaling and root planing in the treatment of chronic periodontitis. The study was performed on 173 teeth in 14 patients in a split-mouth design, one side received scaling and root planing followed by laser therapy using a carbon dioxide (CO2) laser with an ablative handpiece (test group); the contralateral side received scaling and root planing without laser (control group). Clinical and laboratory parameters were evaluated prior to treatment and at 3 and 6 months following therapy; clinical measurements were performed by two blinded examiners...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
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