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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333415/a-young-man-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-eosinophilia-is-not-always-benign
#1
Ankur Jain, Pankaj Malhotra, Vikas Suri, Ritesh Agarwal, Amanjit Bal, Subhash Varma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Blood Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332506/rape-crimes-are-victims-acute-psychological-distress-and-perceived-social-support-associated-with-police-case-decision-and-victim-willingness-to-participate-in-the-investigation
#2
Nina B Hansen, Maj Hansen, Louise H Nielsen, Rikke H Bramsen, Ask Elklit, Rebecca Campbell
This study examined level of acute psychological distress and perceived social support in 64 victims of rape and the association with police case decisions and victims' willingness to participate in the investigation. The results of independent-sample t tests revealed that victims' unwillingness to participate in the investigation was significantly associated with a higher level of psychological distress in the acute phase following the assault. The results suggest that victims of rape who disengage with the police investigation may do so because of a high level of acute psychological distress...
June 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327961/tracheal-resection-in-a-secretary-bird-sagittarius-serpentarius-with-granulomatous-foreign-body-induced-tracheitis
#3
Carsten Ludwig, Imke Lueders, Volker Schmidt, Hermann Kempf
A 24-year-old female secretary bird ( Sagittarius serpentarius) was presented with acute, mild dyspnea occurring only during feeding times. Despite initial conservative therapy consisting of antibiotics and antifungal, antiparasitic, and anti-inflammatory drugs, the dyspnea worsened progressively, resulting in severe respiratory distress. Radiographs of the trachea suggested stenosis in the caudal one-third of the trachea. Tracheal endoscopy revealed an obstruction of approximately 90% of the tracheal lumen, in addition to mild suspected aspergillosis of the air sacs...
December 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327874/acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#4
B Taylor Thompson, Rachel C Chambers, Kathleen D Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327873/acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#5
Chaker Ben Salem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327872/acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#6
Valente Jaramillo-Rocha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325841/single-center-experience-with-venovenous-ecmo-for-influenza-related-ards
#7
Jessica Buchner, Michael Mazzeffi, Zachary Kon, Jay Menaker, Lewis Rubinson, Gregory Bittle, Chetan Pasrija, Daniel Herr
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine whether venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) reduced mortality in patients with influenza-related acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Baseline characteristics of participants were compared and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare survival at last medical center follow-up. Cox proportional hazards modeling also was performed to test for univariate associations between salient variables and mortality...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325586/high-frequency-percussive-ventilation-increases-alveolar-recruitment-in-early-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-an-experimental-physiological-and-ct-scan-study
#8
Thomas Godet, Matthieu Jabaudon, Raïko Blondonnet, Aymeric Tremblay, Jules Audard, Benjamin Rieu, Bruno Pereira, Jean-Marc Garcier, Emmanuel Futier, Jean-Michel Constantin
BACKGROUND: High frequency percussive ventilation (HFPV) combines diffusive (high frequency mini-bursts) and convective ventilation patterns. Benefits include enhanced oxygenation and hemodynamics, and alveolar recruitment, while providing hypothetic lung-protective ventilation. No study has investigated HFPV-induced changes in lung aeration in patients with early acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: Eight patients with early non-focal ARDS were enrolled and five swine with early non-focal ARDS were studied in prospective computed tomography (CT) scan and animal studies, in a university-hospital tertiary ICU and an animal laboratory...
January 11, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325583/an-integrated-delivery-of-care-approach-to-improve-patient-reported-physical-function-and-mental-wellbeing-after-orthopedic-trauma-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Laura Zdziarski-Horodyski, MaryBeth Horodyski, Kalia K Sadasivan, Jennifer Hagen, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Matthew Patrick, Robert Guenther, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic trauma injury impacts nearly 2.8 million people each year. Despite surgical improvements and excellent survivorship rates, many patients experience poor quality of life (QOL) outcomes years later. Psychological distress commonly occurs after injury. Distressed patients more frequently experience rehospitalizations, pain medication dependence, and low QOL. This study was developed to test whether an integrative care approach (IntCare; ten-step program of emotional support, education, customized resources, and medical care) was superior to usual care (UsCare)...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325393/role-of-emotional-distress-in-prolongation-of-dizziness-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Kyung Jin Roh, Min Ki Kim, Ji Hyung Kim, Eun Jin Son
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dizziness is a common condition in outpatient clinics. Comorbid conditions such as anxiety and/or depression often complicate a patient's ability to cope with dizziness. The purpose of the present study was to explore the extent of psychiatric distress using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and to compare the results with the subjective severity of dizziness. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study included a total of 456 consecutive patients presenting with acute (n=327) and chronic (n=127) dizziness symptoms...
December 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325098/high-level-of-neutrophil-extracellular-traps-correlates-with-poor-prognosis-of-severe-influenza-a-infection
#11
Liuluan Zhu, Lu Liu, Yue Zhang, Lin Pu, Jingyuan Liu, Xingwang Li, Zhihai Chen, Yu Hao, Beibei Wang, Junyan Han, Guoli Li, Shuntao Liang, Haofeng Xiong, Hong Zheng, Ang Li, Jianqing Xu, Hui Zeng
Background: Most patients with severe infection with influenza A virus (IAV) progress to acute respiratory distress syndrome and even multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) can be induced by pathogens and are responsible for immune tissue damage. We conducted a prospective study on the production and effects of NETs in H7N9 and H1N1 patients. Methods: We investigated NET production in plasma and supernatant of cultured neutrophils by measuring cell-free deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and myeloperoxidase (MPO)-DNA complexes with PicoGreen dye and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay methods, respectively...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324628/ulinastatin-protects-against-lps-induced-acute-lung-injury-by-attenuating-tlr4-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-activation-and-reducing-inflammatory-mediators
#12
Chao Cao, Chengfen Yin, Songtao Shou, Jun Wang, Lechang Yu, Xuening Li, Yanfen Chai
Acute lung injury (ALI) and its severe form, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), remain the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in intensive care units. Ulinastatin (UTI), a serine protease inhibitor, possesses anti-inflammatory properties and has been suggested to modulate lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sepsis; thus, it is now widely used in the treatment of pancreatitis, sepsis, and septic shock. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), an essential LPS signaling receptor, plays a critical role in the activation of innate immunity...
January 10, 2018: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324568/effects-of-pressure-support-ventilation-on-ventilator-induced-lung-injury-in-mild-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-depend-on-level-of-positive-end-expiratory-pressure
#13
Paulo A F Magalhães, Gisele de A Padilha, Lillian Moraes, Cíntia L Santos, Ligia de A Maia, Cassia L Braga, Maria do Carmo M B Duarte, Lívia B Andrade, Alberto Schanaider, Vera L Capellozzi, Robert Huhle, Marcelo Gama de Abreu, Paolo Pelosi, Patricia R M Rocco, Pedro L Silva
BACKGROUND: Harmful effects of spontaneous breathing have been shown in experimental severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, in the clinical setting, spontaneous respiration has been indicated only in mild ARDS. To date, no study has compared the effects of spontaneous assisted breathing with those of fully controlled mechanical ventilation at different levels of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on lung injury in ARDS. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of assisted pressure support ventilation (PSV) with pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) on lung function, histology and biological markers at two different PEEP levels in mild ARDS in rats...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324515/acute-cor-pulmonale-in-veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-three-case-reports
#14
Erik R Dong, David G Ng, Danny Ramzy, Joshua S Chung, Oren Friedman, Alain Combes, Francisco A Arabia, Michael Nurok
A retrospective review of three patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and normal baseline right ventricular function admitted to the Cardiac Surgery Intensive Care Unit whom developed acute cor pulmonale while on veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. These patients were diagnosed with ARDS using Berlin Criteria definitions and cannulated with a dual lumen (Avalon) cannula. Despite variations in history, presentation, and course, findings of acute cor pulmonale were encountered 4 to 6 weeks after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation cannulation...
January 10, 2018: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323734/inhibitory-effect-of-circulating-fibrocytes-on-injury-repair-in-acute-lung-injury-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-mice-model
#15
Wenlin Tai, Jinyu Li, Boyang Zheng, Hanxin Wu, Jiawei Ding, Ling Gao, Zhaoxin Dong
The study was aimed to explore the functions of circulating fibrocytes (CFs) on injury repair in acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) mice model and its clinical value as a biomarker for ALI/ARDS. ALI/ARDS mice model was established by intratracheal instillation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Mononuclear cells were isolated from peripheral blood of ALI/ARDS model and flow cytometry was used to measure CFs defined as cells positive for CD45 and collagen-1. Histological changes of lung tissues were evaluated by H&E staining and Masson's trichrome staining...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323413/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-refractory-severe-respiratory-failure-in-acute-interstitial-pneumonia
#16
Gabriela Gonçalves-Venade, Nuno Lacerda-Príncipe, Roberto Roncon-Albuquerque, José Artur Paiva
Acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP) is a rare idiopathic interstitial lung disease with rapid progressive respiratory failure and high mortality. In the present report, three cases of AIP complicated by refractory respiratory failure supported with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) are presented. One male and two female patients (ages 27-59) were included. Venovenous ECMO support was provided using miniaturized systems, with two-site femoro-jugular circuit configuration. Despite lung protective ventilation, prone position and neuromuscular blockade, refractory respiratory failure of unknown etiology supervened (ratio of arterial oxygen partial pressure to fractional inspired oxygen 46-130) and ECMO was initiated after 3-7 days of mechanical ventilation...
January 11, 2018: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322435/vaccine-associated-paralytic-poliomyelitis-in-a-patient-with-acute-lymphocytic-leukemia
#17
Reza Taherkhani, Fatemeh Farshadpour, Mohammad Reza Ravanbod
We report a case of vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP) in an immunocompromised patient with acute lymphocytic leukemia who was initially diagnosed with aseptic meningitis. Isolation of Sabin-like type 1 poliovirus from the patient's cerebrospinal fluid made this a case of vaccine-related poliovirus (VRPV) infection. The patient developed paralysis and respiratory distress and deceased a few months after onset of paralysis with respiratory failure. This tragic case report highlights the emergence of VAPP and indicates the importance of timely diagnosis of VRPV infections to improve clinical management of VRPV-infected patients and to prevent the devastating consequences of silent introduction of VRPVs in treatment wards and eventually in the society...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321935/desquamative-interstitial-pneumonia-complicated-by-diffuse-alveolar-haemorrhage
#18
Ayako Matsuo, Nobuhiro Matsumoto, Akiko Kitamura, Hironobu Tsubouchi, Shigehisa Yanagi, Masamitsu Nakazato
We report a rare case of desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP) with diffuse alveolar haemorrhage (DAH). A 56-year-old man diagnosed with DIP by surgical lung biopsy 2 years ago was admitted to our hospital because of severe acute respiratory failure. The DIP had progressed despite smoking cessation. On admission, the patient appeared extremely ill, and physical examination revealed respiratory distress. The patient required mechanical ventilation. High-resolution computed tomography showed diffuse ground glass opacity in both lungs...
February 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321926/lung-injury-associated-with-electronic-cigarettes-inhalation-diagnosed-by-transbronchial-lung-biopsy
#19
Masayuki Itoh, Kazutetsu Aoshiba, Yoriko Herai, Hiroyuki Nakamura, Tamiko Takemura
A 46-year-old healthy man developed respiratory distress, night sweats, fever, and weight loss after using electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) for approximately 1 month. He presented to the hospital when the symptoms worsened 2 months after onset. The findings of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid examination and the following transbronchial lung biopsy examination led to the diagnosis of acute alveolitis: intra-alveolar fibrosis accompanied with exudate containing abundant lipid-laden macrophages, eosinophils, and neutrophils...
January 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321054/the-association-between-daily-concentrations-of-air-pollution-and-visits-to-a-psychiatric-emergency-unit-a-case-crossover-study
#20
Anna Oudin, Daniel Oudin Åström, Peter Asplund, Steinn Steingrimsson, Zoltan Szabo, Hanne Krage Carlsen
BACKGROUND: Air pollution is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Experimental studies, and a few epidemiological studies, suggest that air pollution may cause acute exacerbation of psychiatric disorders, and even increase the rate of suicide attempts, but epidemiological studies on air pollution in association with psychiatric disorders are still few. Our aim was to investigate associations between daily fluctuations in air pollution concentrations and the daily number of visits to a psychiatric emergency unit...
January 10, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
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