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metallothioneins

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641540/metallothionein-is-a-potential-therapeutic-strategy-for-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#1
Shin-Ichi Ono
Lou Gehrig's disease, a synonym of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, is an adult-onset lethal neurodegenerative disorder. Irrespective of extensive efforts to elucidate the pathogenesis of the disease and searches for therapies, no favorable pharmacotherapeutic strategies have yet to be proposed. In a popular rodent model of ALS, G93A SOD1 mice, intracellular copper conditions were geared toward copper accumulation inside cells, resulting in an acceleration of oxidative stress and apoptotic process. Disruption of intracellular copper homeostasis was common to transgenic mice expressing human mutant SOD1s...
June 22, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635422/metallothionein-polymorphisms-in-a-northern-spanish-population-with-neovascular-and-dry-forms-of-age-related-macular-degeneration
#2
Montserrat García, Lydia Álvarez, Ángela Fernández, Héctor González-Iglesias, Julio Escribano, Beatriz Fernández-Vega, Eva Villota, Luis Fernández-Vega Cueto, Álvaro Fernández-Vega, Miguel Coca-Prados
BACKGROUND: To elucidate the potential role of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the metallothionein (MT) genes in Northern Spanish patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: A total of 130 unrelated Northern Spanish natives diagnosed with AMD (46 dry, 35 neovascular, and 49 mixed) and 96 healthy controls, matched by age and ethnicity, were enrolled in a case-control study. DNA was isolated from peripheral blood and genotyped for 14 SNPs located at 5 MT genes (MT1A: rs11076161, rs 11640851, rs8052394, and rs7196890; MT1B: rs8052334, rs964372, and rs7191779; MT1M: rs2270836 and rs9936741; MT2A: rs28366003, rs1610216, rs10636, and rs1580833; MT3: rs45570941) using TaqMan probes...
March 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634792/impairments-of-cadmium-on-vitellogenin-accumulation-in-the-hepatopancreas-of-freshwater-crab-sinopotamon-henanense
#3
Jian Yang, Hui Sun, Yu Qian, Jie Yang
During ovary maturation of crabs, vitellogenin (Vg), a precursor molecule of vitellin (Vn) needed for embryogenesis, can be produced in large quantities in the hepatopancreas and then transported to the ovary by the hemolymph. In the present study, effects of Cd on Vg accumulation in the hepatopancreas and Vg transportation of the freshwater crab Sinopotamon henanense were investigated. We also studied the impacts of Cd on the mRNA expression of genes involved in energy metabolism, protein metabolism, and metallothionein (MT) and glutathione (GSH) synthesis...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632756/identification-of-atf-7-and-the-insulin-signaling-pathway-in-the-regulation-of-metallothionein-in-c-elegans-suggests-roles-in-aging-and-reactive-oxygen-species
#4
Julie A Hall, Matthew K McElwee, Jonathan H Freedman
It has been proposed that aging results from the lifelong accumulation of intracellular damage via reactions with reactive oxygen species (ROS). Metallothioneins are conserved cysteine-rich proteins that function as efficient ROS scavengers and may affect longevity. To better understand mechanisms controlling metallothionein expression, the regulatory factors and pathways that controlled cadmium-inducible transcription of the C. elegans metallothionein gene, mtl-1, were identified. The transcription factor ATF-7 was identified in both ethylmethanesulfonate mutagenesis and candidate gene screens...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629147/proteomic-high-affinity-zn-2-trafficking-where-does-metallothionein-fit-in
#5
REVIEW
David H Petering, Afsana Mahim
The cellular constitution of Zn-proteins and Zn-dependent signaling depend on the capacity of Zn(2+) to find specific binding sites in the face of a plethora of other high affinity ligands. The most prominent of these is metallothionein (MT). It serves as a storage site for Zn(2+) under various conditions, and has chemical properties that support a dynamic role for MT in zinc trafficking. Consistent with these characteristics, changing the availability of zinc for cells and tissues causes rapid alteration of zinc bound to MT...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617190/experimental-and-theoretical-studies-of-cadmium-ions-absorption-by-a-new-reduced-recombinant-defensin
#6
Karim Mahnam, Samira Foruzandeh, Neda Mirakhorli, Behnaz Saffar
Heavy metal pollutants such as Cd, Hg, Pb, As and Se are considered as both a global problem and a growing threat to the humanity. Being strongly poisonous to the metal-sensitive enzymes and leading to the growth inhibition and death of organisms, these metals have a toxic impact on the plants and animals. Inducing the metal-binding cysteine-rich peptides such as metallothioneins, phytochelatins, and defensins, higher organisms like plants and animals usually react to the heavy metal stress. In this study, a recombinant defensin protein was expressed in bean and its ability in the cadmium absorption was determined...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611736/copper-resistance-in-aspergillus-nidulans-relies-on-the-pi-type-atpase-crpa-regulated-by-the-transcription-factor-acea
#7
Martzel Antsotegi-Uskola, Ane Markina-Iñarrairaegui, Unai Ugalde
Copper homeostasis has been extensively studied in mammals, bacteria, and yeast, but it has not been well-documented in filamentous fungi. In this report, we investigated the basis of copper tolerance in the model fungus Aspergillus nidulans. Three genes involved in copper homeostasis have been characterized. First, crpA the A. nidulans ortholog of Candida albicans CaCRP1 gene encoding a PI-type ATPase was identified. The phenotype of crpA deletion led to a severe sensitivity to Cu(+2) toxicity and a characteristic morphological growth defect in the presence of high copper concentration...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605870/foraging-in-maize-field-areas-a-risky-business
#8
Monique Boily, Philippe Aras, Catherine Jumarie
In Quebec, Canada, the cultivation of maize dominates the agricultural territory. This crop requires a sustained supply of fertilizers from different sources: chemical, natural or from residual materials (sludge). These amendments contain metallic trace elements, which may lead to metal-contaminated maize pollen, a possible source of prooxidants for the foraging bees. Our objective was to determine whether maize fields environment influences the oxidation processes and the accumulation of metals in bees. A few days prior to pollen shedding, beehives were installed in maize fields: one organically grown (site A) and three conventionally grown (sites B, C and D)...
June 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598392/the-functions-of-metamorphic-metallothioneins-in-zinc-and-copper-metabolism
#9
REVIEW
Artur Krężel, Wolfgang Maret
Recent discoveries in zinc biology provide a new platform for discussing the primary physiological functions of mammalian metallothioneins (MTs) and their exquisite zinc-dependent regulation. It is now understood that the control of cellular zinc homeostasis includes buffering of Zn(2+) ions at picomolar concentrations, extensive subcellular re-distribution of Zn(2+), the loading of exocytotic vesicles with zinc species, and the control of Zn(2+) ion signalling. In parallel, characteristic features of human MTs became known: their graded affinities for Zn(2+) and the redox activity of their thiolate coordination environments...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597086/influence-of-a-former-mining-area-in-the-heavy-metals-concentrations-in-blood-of-free-living-mediterranean-pond-turtles-mauremys-leprosa
#10
E Martínez-López, P Gómez-Ramírez, S Espín, M P Aldeguer, A J García-Fernández
The objective of this study was to assess metal exposure in the Mediterranean Pond Turtle (Mauremys leprosa) inhabiting a watercourse in an ancient mining district polluted by different metals ("Rambla de Las Moreras", southeastern Spain) and included in the Ramsar Convention. For this purpose, mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn) and cadmium (Cd) were analysed in blood samples from 42 M. leprosa healthy adults (27 males and 13 females). The highest median concentrations were found for Zn, followed by Cu, Pb, Hg and Cd (366, 33, 9, 0...
June 9, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595783/subcellular-distribution-of-hepatic-copper-in-beef-cattle-receiving-high-copper-supplementation
#11
Marta López-Alonso, Paloma Carbajales, Marta Miranda, Victor Pereira
Previous studies of intensively reared cattle in NW Spain have reported significantly higher copper (Cu) accumulation in the liver in Holstein-Friesian (HF) animals than in Galician Blonde (GB) or GBxHF crosses when receiving a diet supplemented at the maximum Cu concentrations allowed in the EU legislation (35mg/kg). The present study aimed to evaluate whether this difference is due to the pattern of subcellular accumulation of Cu in the liver. For this purpose, liver samples from 10 GB, 9 HF and 10 GBxHF young bulls were analysed to determine the content of metallothionein (MT) and Cu and zinc (Zn) (in the liver (Cu-liver and Zn-liver) and bound to metallothionein (Cu-MT and Zn-MT))...
July 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588707/identification-of-potential-target-genes-associated-with-the-effect-of-propranolol-on-angiosarcoma-via-microarray-analysis
#12
Shiyong Zhou, Pengfei Liu, Wenhua Jiang, Huilai Zhang
The purpose of the present study was to explore the effect of propranolol on angiosarcoma, and the potential target genes involved in the processes of proliferation and differentiation of angiosarcoma tumor cells. The mRNA expression profile (GSE42534) was downloaded from the Gene Expressed Omnibus database, including three samples without propranolol treatment (control), three samples with propranolol treatment for 4 h and three samples with propranolol treatment for 24 h. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in angiosarcoma tumor cells with or without propranolol treatment were obtained via the limma package of R and designated DEGs-4 h and DEGs-24 h...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587098/function-of-metallothionein-3-in-neuronal-cells-do-metal-ions-alter-expression-levels-of-mt3
#13
Jamie Bousleiman, Alexa Pinsky, Sohee Ki, Angela Su, Irina Morozova, Sergey Kalachikov, Amen Wiqas, Rae Silver, Mary Sever, Rachel Narehood Austin
A study of factors proposed to affect metallothionein-3 (MT3) function was carried out to elucidate the opaque role MT3 plays in human metalloneurochemistry. Gene expression of Mt2 and Mt3 was examined in tissues extracted from the dentate gyrus of mouse brains and in human neuronal cell cultures. The whole-genome gene expression analysis identified significant variations in the mRNA levels of genes associated with zinc homeostasis, including Mt2 and Mt3. Mt3 was found to be the most differentially expressed gene in the identified groups, pointing to the existence of a factor, not yet identified, that differentially controls Mt3 expression...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585004/metallothionein-a-potential-link-in-the-regulation-of-zinc-in-nutritional-immunity
#14
REVIEW
Mohammad Tariqur Rahman, Muhammad Manjurul Karim
Nutritional immunity describes mechanisms for withholding essential transition metals as well as directing the toxicity of these metals against infectious agents. Zinc is one of these transition elements that are essential for both humans and microbial pathogens. At the same time, Zn can be toxic both for man and microbes if its concentration is higher than the tolerance limit. Therefore a "delicate" balance of Zn must be maintained to keep the immune cells surveilling while making the level of Zn either to starve or to intoxicate the pathogens...
June 5, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576598/blood-cadmium-and-metallothionein-concentrations-in-females-of-two-sympatric-pinnipeds-species
#15
P Polizzi, M B Romero, L N Chiodi Boudet, A Ponce de León, S Medici, A Costas, D Rodríguez, M Gerpe
Otaria flavescens (SASL) and Arctocephalus australis (SAFS) are endemic of South America. The aims were to assess Cd concentrations in red blood cells (RBC) and plasma from free living females of both species; and to establish metallothioneins (MT) levels in blood fractions and the possible relationship between MTs and Cd. Blood of fifteen SASL and eight SAFS females from Isla de Lobos were analyzed (years 2010-2011). All animals showed Cd levels above the detection limit. Cd concentrations on SAFS were higher than those of SASL, however, no significant differences were observed on metal concentrations between cell fractions by species...
May 30, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574862/the-role-of-micrornas-in-the-therapeutic-action-of-d-cycloserine-in-a-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-animal-model-an-exploratory-study
#16
Stefanie Malan-Müller, Lorren Fairbairn, Stephanie Hart, Willie M U Daniels, Mahjoubeh Jalali Sefid Dashti, Martin Kidd, Soraya Seedat, Junaid Gamieldien, Sîan M J Hemmings
OBJECTIVES: Post-traumatic stress disorder is characterized by impaired fear extinction and excessive anxiety. D-Cycloserine (DCS) has previously been shown to facilitate fear extinction and decrease anxiety in animal and human studies. This study utilized a contextual fear-conditioning animal model to investigate the involvement of microRNAs (miRNAs) in fear extinction and the reduction of anxiety, as mediated by the co-administration of DCS and behavioural fear extinction. METHODS: Fear conditioning consisted of an electric foot shock; fear extinction consisted of behavioural fear extinction co-administered with either DCS or saline...
June 1, 2017: Psychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570269/zinc-deficiency-primes-the-lung-for-ventilator-induced-injury
#17
Francis Boudreault, Miguel Pinilla-Vera, Joshua A Englert, Alvin T Kho, Colleen Isabelle, Antonio J Arciniegas, Diana Barragan-Bradford, Carolina Quintana, Diana Amador-Munoz, Jiazhen Guan, Kyoung Moo Choi, Lynette Sholl, Shelley Hurwitz, Daniel J Tschumperlin, Rebecca M Baron
Mechanical ventilation is necessary to support patients with acute lung injury, but also exacerbates injury through mechanical stress-activated signaling pathways. We show that stretch applied to cultured human cells, and to mouse lungs in vivo, induces robust expression of metallothionein, a potent antioxidant and cytoprotective molecule critical for cellular zinc homeostasis. Furthermore, genetic deficiency of murine metallothionein genes exacerbated lung injury caused by high tidal volume mechanical ventilation, identifying an adaptive role for these genes in limiting lung injury...
June 2, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562640/anchoring-plant-metallothioneins-to-the-inner-face-of-the-plasma-membrane-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-cells-leads-to-heavy-metal-accumulation
#18
Lavinia Liliana Ruta, Ya-Fen Lin, Ralph Kissen, Ioana Nicolau, Aurora Daniela Neagoe, Simona Ghenea, Atle M Bones, Ileana Cornelia Farcasanu
In this study we engineered yeast cells armed for heavy metal accumulation by targeting plant metallothioneins to the inner face of the yeast plasma membrane. Metallothioneins (MTs) are cysteine-rich proteins involved in the buffering of excess metal ions, especially Cu(I), Zn(II) or Cd(II). The cDNAs of seven Arabidopsis thaliana MTs (AtMT1a, AtMT1c, AtMT2a, AtMT2b, AtMT3, AtMT4a and AtMT4b) and four Noccaea caerulescens MTs (NcMT1, NcMT2a, NcMT2b and NcMT3) were each translationally fused to the C-terminus of a myristoylation green fluorescent protein variant (myrGFP) and expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555492/equilibrium-isotherm-kinetic-modeling-optimization-and-characterization-studies-of-cadmium-adsorption-by-surface-engineered-escherichia-coli
#19
Vida Tafakori, Reza Zadmard, Fatemeh Tabandeh, Mohammad Ali Amoozegar, Gholamreza Ahamadian
Background: Amongst the methods that remove heavy metals from environment, biosorption approaches have received increased attention because of their environmentally friendly and cost-effective feature, as well as their superior performances. Methods: In the present study, we investigated the ability of a surface-engineered Escherichia coli, carrying the cyanobacterial metallothionein on the cell surface, in the removal of Ca (II) from solution under different experimental conditions...
May 30, 2017: Iranian Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552991/exploring-the-molecular-basis-of-adaptive-evolution-in-hydrothermal-vent-crab-austinograea-alayseae-by-transcriptome-analysis
#20
Min Hui, Chengwen Song, Yuan Liu, Chaolun Li, Zhaoxia Cui
Elucidating the genetic mechanisms of adaptation to the hydrothermal vent in organisms at genomic level is significant for understanding the adaptive evolution process in the extreme environment. We performed RNA-seq on four different tissues of a vent crab species, Austinograea alayseae, producing 725,461 unigenes and 134,489 annotated genes. Genes related to sensory, circadian rhythm, hormone, hypoxia stress, metal detoxification and immunity were identified. It was noted that in the degenerated eyestalk, transcription of phototransduction related genes which are important for retinal function was greatly reduced; three crucial neuropeptide hormones, one molt-inhibiting and two crustacean hyperglycemic hormone precursors were characterized with conserved domains; hypoxia-inducible factor 1 and two novel isoforms of metallothioneins in the vent crabs were discovered...
2017: PloS One
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