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Md Monayem Hossain, Most Amena Khatun, Md Najmul Haque, Md Azizul Bari, Md Firoz Alam, Abul Mandal, Ahmad Humayan Kabir
Arsenic (As) is a phytotoxic element causing health hazards. This work investigates whether and how silicon (Si) alleviates As toxicity in wheat. The addition of Si under As-stress significantly improved morphophysiological characteristics, total protein, and membrane stability compared to As-stressed plants, suggesting that Si does have critical roles in As detoxification in wheat. Analysis of arsenate reductase activity and phytosiderophore (PS) release reveals their no involvement in the Si-mediated alleviation of As in wheat...
July 3, 2018: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Paola Bonaventura, Aline Lamboux, Francis Albarède, Pierre Miossec
OBJECTIVE: Interleukin-1-beta (IL-1β) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) are both monocyte-derived cytokines. Both cytokines have been previously described to exert a role in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pathogenesis synergizing with other pro-inflammatory mediators, such as interleukin-17 (IL-17) on target cells, for the perpetuation of the inflammatory response (e.g. IL-6 production). In the context of experimental RA, Cd addition has an anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory effect when associated to IL-17/TNF-α stimulation, due to its accumulation in synoviocytes...
2018: PloS One
Nadia Bergeron, Claude Robert, Frédéric Guay
Although supplementing the diet with zinc oxide and arginine is known to improve growth in weanling piglets, the mechanism of action is not well understood. We measured the antioxidant status and inflammatory response in 48 weanling castrated male piglets fed diets supplemented with or without zinc oxide (2,500 mg Zn oxide per kg) and arginine (1%) starting at the age of 20 days. The animals were injected with lipopolysaccharide (100 μg/kg) on day 5. Half of them received another injection on day 12. Blood samples were taken just before and 6, 24 and 48 h after injection and the mucosa lining the ileum was recovered following euthanizing on days 7 and 14...
September 2017: Animal nutrition
Lian Duan, Jing-Jing Kong, Tong-Qing Wang, Yue Sun
Metallothioneins (MTs) are a family of ubiquitous, low-molecular-mass, cysteine-rich proteins that play a significant role in maintaining intracellular metal homeostasis, eliminating metal toxification, and protecting cells against oxidative damages. Research activity on plant MTs, although known for 30 years, has only moderately increased in the past few years. In this study, a type 1 MT from maize (Zea mays) (ZmMT1) was successfully expressed in Escherichia coli strain BL21 (DE3). The UV absorption spectra recorded after the reconstitution of apo-ZmMT1 with different metals demonstrated that ZmMT1 can coordinate up to six Zn(II) ions, six Cd(II) ions, and even higher amounts of Pb(II)...
May 15, 2018: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
Tania Kalsotra, Shikha Khullar, Radhika Agnihotri, Mondem Sudhakara Reddy
Metallothioneins (MTs) are small proteins with highly conserved cysteine residues and are involved in metal homeostasis and metal detoxification. Two metallothionein genes ShMT1 and ShMT2 from the ectomycorrhizal fungus Suillus himalayensis were characterised for their potential role in heavy metal detoxification. The response of these MTs to the exogenous concentrations of copper and cadmium was studied by qPCR analysis. The exogenous copper but not the cadmium at the tested concentrations induced the expression of the MT genes...
May 15, 2018: Microbiology
Sobiya Shafique, Shazia Shafique, Aqeel Ahmad
Pakistan holds the position of top chilies producers. So Capsicum annuum L. production in Pakistan should be promoted by combating against diseases. The only solution is to cultivate resistant varieties. Presently six chili varieties were treated with Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht. and screened for the most resistant and the most susceptible varieties. Representative varieties were evaluated for their biochemical and transcriptional profiles to discover the bases of antifungal-resistance. Results concluded that the most resistant variety was "Dandicut" and the most susceptible was "Ghotki"...
April 2018: European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology
Lidwina Bertrand, Magdalena Victoria Monferrán, Catherine Mouneyrac, María Valeria Amé
The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of Palaemonetes argentinus to evidence the environmental degradation due to pollutants mixture in a freshwater aquatic ecosystem. For this purpose, an active monitoring (96 h exposure) was carried out in seven sites along the Ctalamochita River basin (Córdoba, Argentina), as a case of study. Our results evidenced sewage discharges impact in the water quality index, as well as metal pollution in water (Ag, Al, B, Pb, Hg) and sediments (Hg) with a potential effect on aquatic biota...
May 4, 2018: Chemosphere
Wageh Sobhy Darwish, Amira Samir Atia, Mariam H E Khedr, Walaa Fathy Saad Eldin
Quail meat is an emerging source of high-quality animal protein. Quails are exposed to a wide range of xenobiotics such as heavy metals. In this study, residual concentrations of four toxic metals, of significant public health importance, including cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), arsenic (As), and nickel (Ni), were determined in edible tissues of quails. In addition, metal loads were measured in water, feed, and litter samples collected from same quail farms as possible sources for quail exposure to heavy metals. The possible use of metallothionein (MT) and heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) as molecular biomarkers of exposure to heavy metals was further investigated...
May 10, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Mohammad Tariqur Rahman, Ashfaque Hossain, Chew Hooi Pin, Noor Azlin Yahya
Chronic oxidative stress and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in oral cavity as well as acidic pH on dental enamel surface due to the metabolic activities of bacterial plaque are the major contributors in the development and progression of dental caries. Along with other factors, deposition or dissolution Ca and Mg mostly determines the re- or demineralization of dental enamel. Zn plays an important role for both Ca and Mg bioavailability in oral cavity. Metallothionein (MT), a group of small molecular weight, cysteine-rich proteins (~ 7 kDa), is commonly induced by ROS, bacterial infection, and Zn...
May 9, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Sung Ryul Lee
Zinc is recognized as an essential trace metal required for human health; its deficiency is strongly associated with neuronal and immune system defects. Although zinc is a redox-inert metal, it functions as an antioxidant through the catalytic action of copper/zinc-superoxide dismutase, stabilization of membrane structure, protection of the protein sulfhydryl groups, and upregulation of the expression of metallothionein, which possesses a metal-binding capacity and also exhibits antioxidant functions. In addition, zinc suppresses anti-inflammatory responses that would otherwise augment oxidative stress...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Sabrina A Rocco, Lada Koneva, Lauren Y M Middleton, Tasha Thong, Sumeet Solanki, Sarah Karram, Kowit Nambunmee, Craig Harris, Laura S Rozek, Maureen A Sartor, Yatrik M Shah, Justin A Colacino
Developmental cadmium exposure in vivo disrupts mammary gland differentiation, while exposure of breast cell lines to cadmium causes invasion consistent with the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The effects of cadmium on normal human breast stem cells have not been measured. Here, we quantified the effects of cadmium exposure on reduction mammoplasty patient-derived breast stem cell proliferation and differentiation. Using the mammosphere assay and organoid formation in 3D hydrogels, we tested two physiologically relevant doses of cadmium, 0...
May 7, 2018: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
Vojtěch Beneš, Tereza Leonhardt, Jan Sácký, Pavel Kotrba
As we have shown previously, the Cu and Ag concentrations in the sporocarps of Ag-hyperaccumulating Amanita strobiliformis are correlated, and both metals share the same uptake system and are sequestered by the same metallothioneins intracellularly. To further improve our knowledge of the Cu and Ag handling in A. strobiliformis cells, we searched its transcriptome for the P1B-1 -ATPases, recognizing Cu+ and Ag+ for transport. We identified transcripts encoding 1097-amino acid (AA) AsCRD1 and 978-AA AsCCC2, which were further subjected to functional studies in metal sensitive Saccharomyces cerevisiae ...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Eric Cobb, Julie Hall, Dominic L Palazzolo
Aim: With the invention of electronic cigarettes (ECIG), many questions have been raised regarding their safety as an alternative to smoking conventional cigarettes. Conventional cigarette smoke contains a variety of toxicants including heavy metals. However, ECIG-generated aerosol contains only trace amounts of metals, adding to the argument for it being a safer alternative. In response to heavy metal exposure, metallothioneins are induced in cells to help store the metal, detoxify the body, and are also known responders to oxidative stress...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Chengcheng Christine Zhang, Martin Volkmann, Sabine Tuma, Wolfgang Stremmel, Uta Merle
Different mutations in the copper transporter gene Atp7b are identified as the primary cause of Wilson's disease. These changes result in high copper concentrations especially in the liver and brain, and consequently lead to a dysfunction of these organs. The Atp7(-/-) mouse is an established animal model for Wilson's disease and characterized by an abnormal copper accumulation, a low serum oxidase activity and an increased copper excretion in urine. Metallothionein (MT) proteins are low molecular weight metal-binding proteins and essential for the zinc homeostasis but also play a role for the regulation of other metals, e...
May 7, 2018: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
Ivana Nedeljkovic, Natalie Terzikhan, Judith M Vonk, Diana A van der Plaat, Lies Lahousse, Cleo C van Diemen, Brian D Hobbs, Dandi Qiao, Michael H Cho, Guy G Brusselle, Dirkje S Postma, H M Boezen, Cornelia M van Duijn, Najaf Amin
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complex and heritable disease, associated with multiple genetic variants. Specific familial types of COPD may be explained by rare variants, which have not been widely studied. We aimed to discover rare genetic variants underlying COPD through a genome-wide linkage scan. Affected-only analysis was performed using the 6K Illumina Linkage IV Panel in 142 cases clustered in 27 families from a genetic isolate, the Erasmus Rucphen Family (ERF) study. Potential causal variants were identified by searching for shared rare variants in the exome-sequence data of the affected members of the families contributing most to the linkage peak...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
Sandra Isabel Moreno Abril, Camila Dalmolin, Patrícia Gomes Costa, Adalto Bianchini
Copper (Cu) mining in Minas do Camaquã-Brazil, released significant amounts of metals into the João Dias creek, where Hyphessobrycon luetkenii inhabit. Because the involvement of Cu in biological processes its concentration and availability is regulated by molecules as the metal regulatory transcription factor (MTF-1), metallothionein (MT) and transporters (ATP7A and CTR1). These genes were whole sequenced and their expression (GE) evaluated in gills, liver and intestine. Were collected fish in non-contaminated and contaminated (Cu 3...
April 26, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Safa Ben Mimouna, Marouane Chemek, Sana Boughammoura, Zohra Haouas, Imed Messaoudi
The present study was conducted to assess the possible effect of cadmium (Cd) throughout gestation and lactation on the volume of the subregion of the hippocampus as well as the potential protective role of zinc (Zn) against Cd neurotoxicity. For this purpose, female rats received either tap water, Cd, Zn or Cd + Zn in their drinking water during gestation and lactation. At postnatal day 35 (PND35), the male pups were sacrificed, and their brains were taken for histologic, chemical, and biochemical analysis...
May 3, 2018: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
Yannick Andéol, Jessica Bonneau, Laurence M Gagné, Kevin Jacquet, Véronique Rivest, Marc-Étienne Huot, Carl Séguin
Metal-responsive transcription factor-1 (MTF-1) is a metal-regulatory transcription factor essential for induction of the genes encoding metallothioneins (MTs) in response to transition metal ions. Activation of MTF-1 is dependent on the interaction of zinc with the zinc fingers of the protein. In addition, phosphorylation is essential for MTF-1 transactivation. We previously showed that inhibition of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) abrogated <i></i>Mt<i></i> expression and metal-induced MTF-1 activation in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) HepG2 and mouse L cells, thus showing that the PI3K signaling pathway positively regulates MTF-1 activity and <i></i>Mt<i></i> gene expression...
April 30, 2018: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
Thomaz Mansini Carrenho Fabrin, Nathália Alves Diamante, Thaís Fernandes Mendonça Mota, Nédia de Castilhos Ghisi, Sônia Maria Alves Pinto Prioli, Alberto José Prioli
The preservation of natural environments guarantees the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem processes. Biomonitoring programs in preserved sites can be carried out using molecular biomarkers, which reflect possible stresses that exist in the monitored location. The metallothionein (MT) proteins and isoenzyme Cytochrome P4501A (CYP4501A) are among the most used biomarkers and reflect the detoxification of metal and organic xenobiotics, respectively. This study aimed to assess the performance of these biomarkers in natural aquatic environments using a meta-analytic approach...
April 21, 2018: Chemosphere
Fatma Aouini, Chiara Trombini, Moritz Volland, Mhamed Elcafsi, Julian Blasco
Lead (Pb) is a non-essential metal. Its occurrence in the environment is related principally to anthropogenic contamination. Pb is toxic to aquatic organisms and can provoke damage to membranes and inhibit the activity of essential enzymes. The filter-feeding, Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum is widely used as a biomonitor organism to assess metal toxicity. Among biomarkers related to the Pb toxicity, the enzymatic activity of δ-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (δ-ALAD) has been adopted as a specific tool...
April 24, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
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