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Abortion ethics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639980/improving-student-receptivity-to-abortion-care-education
#1
Pat Mahaffee Gingrich
Letting nursing students develop resilience in the presence of moral complexity improves compassionate patient care for women contemplating abortion. Nursing education needs to include quality materials on abortion care in order to create educated providers and citizens. Some students are resistant or conflicted about this topic. A preclass optional, anonymous survey allows students the opportunity to voice concerns about this sensitive topic and guides the instructor in designing class materials. Resulting classroom dialogue is less heated and more collegial, enabling students to examine and process this complex professional practice issue and practice navigating ethical dilemmas...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630539/theorizing-time-in-abortion-law-and-human-rights
#2
Joanna N Erdman
The legal regulation of abortion by gestational age, or length of pregnancy, is a relatively undertheorized dimension of abortion and human rights. Yet struggles over time in abortion law, and its competing representations and meanings, are ultimately struggles over ethical and political values, authority and power, the very stakes that human rights on abortion engage. This article focuses on three struggles over time in abortion and human rights law: those related to morality, health, and justice. With respect to morality, the article concludes that collective faith and trust should be placed in the moral judgment of those most affected by the passage of time in pregnancy and by later abortion-pregnant women...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608034/abortion-of-fetus-with-down-s-syndrome-india-joins-the-worldwide-controversy-surrounding-abortion-laws
#3
Alankrita Taneja, Sharath Burugina Nagaraja, Jagadish Rao Padubidri, Mohammed Madadin, Ritesh G Menezes
Abortion continues to be a moral and ethical dilemma in medicine. While abortions in general have always faced social stigmas, the abortion of fetuses with Down's syndrome in particular remains the subject of debate across the globe. In India, under the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, abortion is legal under prescribed circumstances only till 20 weeks of gestation. Laws for abortion after 20 week of gestation are ill defined. In a recent ruling of the Supreme Court in India, a woman was denied the right to abortion of her 26 week old fetus...
June 12, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588967/who-multi-country-survey-on-abortion-related-morbidity-and-mortality-in-health-facilities-study-protocol
#4
Caron R Kim, Özge Tunçalp, Bela Ganatra, Ahmet Metin Gülmezoglu
INTRODUCTION: According to the WHO, abortion accounts for about 8% (4.7-13.2) of maternal mortality worldwide. In 2010, the WHO Multi-Country Survey (MCS) on Maternal and Newborn Health collected data on over 300 000 women who were admitted in health facilities to receive pregnancy-related care. Abortion data were partially captured by centring on severe maternal outcomes (ie, near-miss or maternal deaths). Building on the experiences of the prior MCS as well as current WHO reproductive health projects, we are undertaking a multi-country survey to better capture the burden and severity of abortion-related complications and management among women presenting to the health facilities...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585456/potential-conflicts-in-midwifery-practice-regarding-conscientious-objection-to-abortions-in-scotland
#5
Valerie Fleming, Yvonne Robb
BACKGROUND: This study was developed as a result of a court case involving conflicts between midwives' professional practice and their faith when caring for women undergoing abortions in Scotland. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: What are practising Roman Catholics' perspectives of potential conflicts between midwives' professional practice in Scotland with regard to involvement in abortions and their faith? How relevant is the 'conscience clause' to midwifery practice today? and What are participants' understandings of Canon 1398 in relation to midwifery practice? RESEARCH DESIGN: The theoretical underpinning of this study was Gadamer's hermeneutic out of which the method developed by Fleming et al...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578149/abortion-and-contemporary-hip-hop-a-thematic-analysis-of-lyrics-from-1990-2015
#6
Ashish Premkumar, Katherine Brown, Biftu Mengesha, Andrea V Jackson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the representation of abortion in contemporary hip-hop music, gaining insight into the myriad of attitudes of abortion in the black community. STUDY DESIGN: We used Genius, an online storehouse for lyrical content, to identify songs by querying the database for search terms related to family planning, including slang terms. We then cross-referenced identified songs using an online list of songs about abortion. We analyzed eligible songs using grounded theory in order to identify key themes...
May 31, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483171/-a-38-year-old-woman-with-a-legal-and-voluntary-interruption-of-pregnancy-due-to-mental-health-risk-an-unexpected-outcome
#7
Diana Restrepo, Marle Duque, Laura Montoya, Catalina Hoyos
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of legal and voluntary interruption of pregnancy due to a mental health risk in the mother. However, the foetus survived and the mother decided to care for the child. METHODS: Description of the case and a non-systematic review of the relevant literature. RESULTS: A multiparous woman of 38 years with unknown gestational age who requests legal and voluntary interruption of pregnancy. After abortion a male child born of 1050 grams was born, intubated and admitted to intensive care...
April 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468022/from-conflict-and-misunderstanding-to-respect
#8
Ivan Cvitković
Sociologists of the 19(th) and the 20(th) centuries were tackling the relation between science and religion. A few models of these relations were offered, by which the monopoly over the truth by any one of those is crashed. Therefore, there are a few models but each is with lots of limitations. None is sufficient to explain the relation between the science and religion, but each contributes to certain extent to better understanding of those relations. Almost every one of the interpretations was under the influence of the social (particularly ideological and political) conditions in which they were emerging...
April 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412850/assessment-of-hysteroscopic-role-in-management-of-women-with-recurrent-pregnancy-loss
#9
M Elsokkary, M Elshourbagy, K Labib, A Mamdouh, Y El-Shahawy, Wael S Nossair, O Abd El Fattah, H Hemeda, S Sallam, Waleed M Khalaf, M Ali
OBJECTIVES: To assess the hysteroscopic value in the management of intrauterine lesion in women with recurrent pregnancy loss. METHODS: This study was done in Ain Shams Maternity Hospital after the approval of the research Ethics Committee, during the period between August 2014 and December 2015 where 200 nonpregnant women with a history of three or more consecutive unexplained first and second trimester miscarriages before 20 weeks were recruited from recurrent miscarriage clinic...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401070/simple-and-easy-to-perform-preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis-for-%C3%AE-thalassemia-major-using-combination-of-conventional-and-fluorescent-polymerase-chain-reaction
#10
Rasoul Salehi, Sharifeh Khosravi, Mansour Salehi, Majid Kheirollahi, Hossein Khanahmad
BACKGROUND: Thalassemias are the most common monogenic disorders in many countries throughout the world. The best practice to control the prevalence of the disease is prenatal diagnosis (PND) services. Extensive practicing of PND proved effective in reducing new cases but on the other side of this success high abortion rate is hided, which ethically unfair and for many couples, especially with a previous experience of a therapeutic abortion, or moral concerns, is not a suitable choice...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385554/a-survey-regarding-acceptability-of-oral-emergency-contraception-according-to-the-posited-mechanism-of-action
#11
S J Willetts, M MacDougall, S T Cameron
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the acceptability to women of oral emergency contraception (EC) that works by inhibiting ovulation, preventing implantation or disrupting implantation, and also to determine the characteristics of women associated with the acceptability of each posited mechanism of action. STUDY DESIGN: Women completed a self-administered, anonymous questionnaire asking whether they would consider using an EC pill based on each of three hypothetical mechanisms of action: inhibiting ovulation, preventing implantation or disrupting implantation...
April 3, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383622/the-conscientious-objection-debate-on-emergency-contraception
#12
G Montanari Vergallo, S Zaami, N M Di Luca, E Marinelli
The authors discuss the emergency contraception (EC) topic, assessing scientific and ethical aspects. The almost totality of the studies carried out tends to report on the use of drugs as an emergency measure to prevent pregnancy. However, it is not yet completely excluded that emergency contraceptives can induce medical abortion. The debate on side effects of EC continues to be a highly emotional and controversial issue both for advocates who believe they will lower considerably the number of unintended pregnancies and abortions, and for opponents who believe that using emergency contraception amounts to an abortion...
March 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353031/abortion-for-fetal-defects-two-current-arguments
#13
Susana Nuccetelli
A common utilitarian argument in favor of abortion for fetal defects rests on some controversial assumptions about what counts as a life worth living. Yet critics of abortion for fetal defects are also in need of an argument free from controversial assumptions about the future child's quality of life. Christopher Kaczor (in: Kaczor (ed), The ethics of abortion: women's rights, human life, and the question of justice, Routledge, New York, 2011) has devised an analogy that apparently satisfies this condition...
March 28, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330982/response-to-why-medical-professionals-have-no-moral-claim-to-conscientious-objection-accommodation-in-liberal-democracies-by-schuklenk-and-smalling
#14
Richard John Lyus
Bioethicists commenting on conscientious objection and abortion should consider the empirical data on abortion providers. Abortion providers do not fall neatly into groups of providers and objectors, and ambivalence is a key theme in their experience. Practical details of abortion services further upset the dichotomy. These empirical facts are important because they demonstrate that the way the issue is described in analytical bioethics does not reflect reality. Addressing conscientious objection as a barrier to patient access requires engaging with those who provide the service and those who are able to but do not...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297129/towards-a-non-ethics-based-consensual-public-policy-on-abortion
#15
David Alvargonzález
The absence of agreement on the ethical legitimacy of abortion does not entail the impossibility of finding a consensus on the best policy on abortion. This consensus is affordable because nobody doubts that, regarding the methods of birth control, contraception is better than abortion, abortion is better than infanticide and abortion is worse the later and the less safe it is performed. Because the complete elimination of abortion is not possible, the most relevant realistic political objectives that can be proposed are reducing the abortion rate, reducing the gestational age of abortions and making the remaining abortions safer...
January 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219270/the-ethics-of-pregnancy-abortion-and-childbirth-exploring-moral-choices-in-childbearing
#16
Trevor Stammers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219264/we-are-not-gametes-distinguishing-between-abortion-and-contraception
#17
Toni Saad
It is sometimes argued that interruptions of the life's continuum which have the same end result are morally equivalent. In other words, abortion and contraception are ethically identical because both prevent birth and the development of persons. We will examine two major arguments in favour of this thesis: (1) all things that are potential persons have equal moral status. Hence preventing fertilisation of gametes is morally identical to destroying an embryo; (2) all interruptions of the continuous process which leads to the creation of a person are morally equivalent; abortion and contraception are morally indistinguishable...
November 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209376/-ethics-surrounding-the-provision-of-abortion-care
#18
REVIEW
Anibal Faúndes, Laura Miranda
The provision of abortion care represents a great ethical challenge to physicians, particularly in countries where the law states that abortion is a crime. The concept that it is a crime carries a stigma that is worse than that associated with other acts qualified by law as crimes. This stigma leads to at least two different kinds of unethical behavior. One is the refusal to provide safe abortion services to women who comply with the legal requirements, alleging conscientious objection, and the other is to discriminate against women with complications of induced abortion...
January 20, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968917/current-smoking-in-pregnant-women-in-five-geographical-areas-of-china-a-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Xianglong Xu, Yunshuang Rao, Sha Deng, Sheng Liu, Jeff J Guo, Manoj Sharma, Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Smoking during pregnancy is related to many adverse outcomes on infants. Smoking during pregnancy can cause abortion, premature birth, stillbirth, increased sudden infant death risk, and low birthweight. The aim of this study was to probe the differences in smoking among pregnant women with diverse characteristics. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 2345 pregnant women aged 18 years and older were surveyed in person by investigators from June 1, to Aug 31, 2015, from 16 hospitals in five provinces of Mainland China (Chongqing, Chengdu, Zunyi, Liaocheng, and Tianjin)...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934566/the-legal-ethical-backbone-of-conscientious-refusal
#20
Christian Munthe, Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen
This article analyzes the idea of a legal right to conscientious refusal for healthcare professionals from a basic legal ethical standpoint, using refusal to perform tasks related to legal abortion (in cases of voluntary employment) as a case in point. The idea of a legal right to conscientious refusal is distinguished from ideas regarding moral rights or reasons related to conscientious refusal, and none of the latter are found to support the notion of a legal right. Reasons for allowing some sort of room for conscientious refusal for healthcare professionals based on the importance of cultural identity and the fostering of a critical atmosphere might provide some support, if no countervailing factors apply...
January 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
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