Read by QxMD icon Read

Ankle arthroscopic

M Aurich, D Albrecht, P Angele, C Becher, S Fickert, J Fritz, P E Müller, P Niemeyer, M Pietschmann, G Spahn, M Walther
Background: Osteochondral lesions (OCL) of the ankle are a common cause of ankle pain. Although the precise pathophysiology has not been fully elucidated, it can be assumed that a variety of factors are responsible, mainly including traumatic events such as ankle sprains. Advances in arthroscopy and imaging techniques, in particular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), have improved the possibilities for the diagnosis of OCLs of the ankle. Moreover, these technologies aim at developing new classification systems and modern treatment strategies...
October 21, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Michelle L Delco, John G Kennedy, Lawrence J Bonassar, Lisa A Fortier
The diagnosis of ankle osteoarthritis (OA) is increasing as a result of advancements in non-invasive imaging modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging, improved arthroscopic surgical technology and heightened awareness among clinicians. Unlike OA of the knee, primary or age-related ankle OA is rare, with the majority of ankle OA classified as post-traumatic (PTOA). Ankle trauma, more specifically ankle sprain, is the single most common athletic injury, and no effective therapies are available to prevent or slow progression of PTOA...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
N Harrasser, K Eichelberg, F Pohlig, H Waizy, A Toepfer, R von Eisenhart-Rothe
Because of their frequency, ankle sprains are of major clinical and economic importance. The simple sprain with uneventful healing has to be distinguished from the potentially complicated sprain which is at risk of transition to chronic ankle instability. Conservative treatment is indicated for the acute, simple ankle sprain without accompanying injuries and also in cases of chronic instability. If conservative treatment fails, good results can be achieved by anatomic ligament reconstruction of the lateral ankle ligaments...
October 13, 2016: Der Orthopäde
Tun Hing Lui
The open anatomic repair of the anterior talofibular and calcaneofibular ligaments (modified Brostrom procedure) is widely accepted as the standard surgical stabilization procedure for lateral ankle instability that does not respond to conservative measures. Arthroscopic Brostrom procedures with a suture anchor have been reported to achieve both anatomic repair of the lateral ankle ligaments and management of the associated intra-articular lesions. However, the complication rates are higher than open Brostom procedures...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
R Lopes, C Decante, L Geffroy, K Brulefert, T Noailles
Anatomical reconstruction of the lateral ankle ligaments has become a pivotal component of the treatment strategy for chronic ankle instability. The recently described arthroscopic version of this procedure is indispensable to ensure that concomitant lesions are appropriately managed, yet remains technically demanding. Here, we describe a simplified variant involving percutaneous creation of the calcaneal tunnel for the distal attachment of the calcaneo-fibular ligament. The rationale for this technical stratagem was provided by a preliminary cadaver study that demonstrated a correlation between the lateral malleolus and the distal footprint of the calcaneo-fibular ligament...
September 27, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Martin Sullivan, Ethan J Fraser, James Linklater, Craig Harris, Kieran Morgan
: Background Talar osteochondral lesions represent challenging clinical entities, particularly in high-demand athletes. Surgical treatment of large lesions often requires a 2-step procedure, or the use of osteotomy in the case of autologous osteochondral transfer, which can delay return to sport. Methods A professional rugby league player underwent surgery for a complex injury to the ankle. A talar osteochondral lesion with a maximal diameter of 15 mm was treated in an arthroscopic fashion using the cartilage taken from the completely displaced osteochondral fragment...
September 22, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
James M Cottom, Joseph S Baker, Phillip E Richardson
Lateral ankle sprains are a common injury that typically respond well to nonoperative therapy. When nonoperative therapy fails and patients develop chronic lateral ankle instability, they become candidates for surgical repair. The present study examined 45 consecutive patients (45 ankles) with chronic lateral ankle instability who underwent arthroscopic Broström repair using a double-row suture anchor construct. The 45 patients (27 females and 18 males) were followed up for a mean of 14 (range 12 to 20) months...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Eui Dong Yeo, Kyung-Tai Lee, Il-Hoon Sung, Sun Geun Lee, Young Koo Lee
BACKGROUND: No reported study has compared clinical and radiologic outcomes between an all-inside arthroscopic modified Broström operation (MBO) and an open MBO. The purpose of this study was to compare clinical and radiologic outcomes of all-inside arthroscopic and open MBOs. METHODS: From August 2012 to July 2014, 48 patients were included. They were divided into 2 groups: all-inside arthroscopic MBO (25 patients) and open MBO (23 patients). The American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, visual analog scale (VAS) score, and Karlsson score were used to evaluate clinical outcomes...
October 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Federico Giuseppe Usuelli, Riccardo D'Ambrosi, Camilla Maccario, Michele Boga, Laura de Girolamo
PURPOSE: Autologous Matrix-Induced Chondrogenesis (AMIC(®)) is known to provide satisfactory clinical results for the treatment of knee, hip, and ankle cartilage lesions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical and radiological outcomes of patients treated with a new all-arthroscopic AMIC(®) (AT-AMIC(®)) technique with autologous bone graft for talar osteochondral defects at a follow-up of 24 months. METHODS: Twenty patients underwent the AT-AMIC(®) procedure and autologous bone graft for type III and IV talar osteochondral lesions...
September 12, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
James M Cottom, Joseph S Baker, Phillip E Richardson, Jared M Maker
Arthroscopic lateral ankle stabilization has become an increasingly popular option among foot and ankle surgeons to address lateral ankle instability, because it combines a modified Broström-Gould procedure with the ability to address any intra-articular pathologic findings at the same session. The present study evaluated 3 different constructs in a cadaveric model. Thirty-six fresh frozen cadaver limbs were used, and the anterior talofibular ligament was identified and sectioned. The specimens were then placed into 1 of 3 groups...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Douglas E Lucas, B Collier Watson, G Alex Simpson, Gregory C Berlet, Christopher F Hyer
: Ankle fractures are a common injury treated by orthopaedic surgeons. The distal tibiofibular syndesmosis can be injured during these fractures as well as in isolation. They pose a significant challenge with regard to the diagnosis of instability as well as evaluating reduction after fixation. Multiple studies have demonstrated that traditional radiographic analysis fails to accurately identify syndesmotic diastasis, instability, or malreduction. Ankle arthroscopy has been proposed as an alternative way to evaluate the syndesmosis...
September 9, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Federico Giuseppe Usuelli, Miriam Grassi, Luigi Manzi, Vincenzo Guarrella, Michele Boga, Laura DE Girolamo
PURPOSE: the aim of this study is to report the clinical and imaging results recorded by a series of patients in whom osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLTs) were repaired using the autologous collagen-induced chondrogenesis (ACIC) technique with a completely arthroscopic approach. METHODS: nine patients (mean age 37.4±10 years) affected by OLTs (lesion size 2.1±0.9 cm(2)) were treated with the ACIC technique. The patients were evaluated clinically both preoperatively and at 12 months after surgery using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot Scale (AOFAS) and a visual analog scale (VAS)...
April 2016: Joints
Byron Hutchinson
Arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis is a cost-effective option for many patients with posttraumatic arthritis of the ankle joint. Rehabilitation is generally quicker than conventional open techniques, and rates of fusion are comparable or better than traditional open techniques. Unless the arthroscopic surgeon has considerable experience, the best results are seen in patients with very little deformity in the ankle joint.
October 2016: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Christopher L Reeves, Amber M Shane, Trevor Payne, Zac Cavins
Arthroscopy has advanced in the foot and ankle realm, leading to new innovative techniques designed toward treatment of small joint abnormality. A range of abnormalities that are currently widespread for arthroscopic treatment in larger joints continues to be translated to congruent modalities in the small joints. Small joint arthroscopy offers relief from foot ailments with a noninvasive element afforded by arthroscopy. Early studies have found comparable results from arthroscopic soft tissue procedures as well as arthrodesis of the small joints when compared with the standard open approach...
October 2016: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Matthew D Sorensen, John Baca, Keith Arbuckle
Arthroscopic lateral ankle stabilization procedures have been described for many years. New technological advances and a deeper understanding of the pathobiomechanics involved in chronic lateral ankle instability have allowed an expansion of arthroscopic approaches to this common pathology. As experience is gained and outcomes within the patient profile are understood, the authors feel that the arthroscopic approach to lateral ankle stabilization may prove superior to traditional methods secondary to the risk and traditional complications that are mitigated within minimally invasive arthroscopic approaches...
October 2016: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Michael H Theodoulou, Laura Bohman
Posterior ankle pain can occur for many reasons. If it is produced by forced plantarflexion of the foot, it is often a result of impingement from an enlarged posterior talar process or an os trigonum. This condition may present in an acute or chronic state. Management is initially nonoperative, but surgical treatments are available. This condition is often seen in athletes, so procedures that limit surgical trauma and allow early return to activity are ideal. An arthroscopic approach for this disorder produces good outcomes with limited complications...
October 2016: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Sean T Grambart
Osteochondral fractures of the ankle are typically caused by traumatic injuries of the ankle. Repetitive trauma can lead to further cartilage damage with subsequent increasing size of the lesion, ultimately leading to severe cartilage disorder and degenerative arthritis of the ankle. Arthroscopic bone marrow stimulation has been shown to be a highly successful option for patients with small osteochondral lesions. Studies show a higher failure rate for larger lesions and cystic changes that disrupt the subchondral plate...
October 2016: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Amber M Shane, Christopher L Reeves, Ryan Vazales, Zachary Farley
Soft tissue impingement (STI) syndrome is one of 3 causes of a larger all-encompassing joint impingement pathologic condition, which also includes bone and neuropathic entrapment. Altered joint biomechanics and friction of joint tissues combine to cause chronic pain and often functional instability. Although the most common form of STI to the ankle is anterolateral in location, posterior and anteromedial impingement is also discussed in this article. Furthermore, a discussion of biomechanical deficiencies and how they may effect location and cause of STI of the ankle is explored along with pathophysiology, clinical and diagnostic evaluation, current treatments, and long-term outcomes...
October 2016: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Sean T Grambart
Arthroscopy of the ankle is used in the treatment and diagnosis of a spectrum of intra-articular pathology including soft tissue and osseous impingement, osteochondral lesions, arthrofibrosis, and synovitis. To help identify the correct pathology, imaging techniques are often used to aid the surgeon in diagnosing pathology and determining best treatment options. This article discusses the use of imaging in various ankle pathologies.
October 2016: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Eric A Barp, John G Erickson, Eric R Reese
In recent years, arthroscopic procedures of the foot and ankle have seen a significant increase in both indications and popularity. Furthermore, technological advances in video quality, fluid management, and other arthroscopy-specific instruments continue to make arthroscopic procedures more effective with reproducible outcomes. As surgeons continue to use this approach, it is important that they have a complete understanding of the instrumentation available to them, including their indications and limitations...
October 2016: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"