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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052342/supported-housing-for-adults-with-psychiatric-disabilities-how%C3%A2-tenants-confront-the-problem-of-loneliness
#1
Myra Piat, Judith Sabetti, Deborah Padgett
The objective of this study was to examine the experience of loneliness among people with psychiatric disabilities after moving from custodial housing, including group homes, boarding homes, and family-type residences to independent, supported apartments in the community. Qualitative research methods guided by a naturalistic/constructivist framework were used. Data collection occurred between May 2014 and July 2015 and consisted of individual semi-structured interviews with 24 tenants residing in five supported housing sites across three Canadian provinces; interviews were also conducted with a designated family member for each tenant and with their service providers...
October 19, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050417/influence-of-swimming-time-in-alleviating-the-deleterious-effects-of-hot-summer-on-growing-muscovy-duck-performance
#2
Mohamed F A Farghly, Khalid M Mahrose, Zafar Ullah, Zaib Ur Rehman, Chan Ding
This experiment was conducted to observe the effects of varying swimming times (ST) of Muscovy ducks, raised in an open-sided house, in alleviating the deleterious effects of high temperature in hotter times of the day in the summer season on growth performance (body weight, average daily gain, feed consumption, and feed conversion ratio), carcass characteristics, body temperature, and some health aspects. We hypothesized that swimming times during the hottest periods of the day would show different performances...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049082/inhibiting-social-support-from-massage-like-stroking-increases-morphine-dependence
#3
M L Shawn Bates, Michael A Emery, Paul J Wellman, Shoshana Eitan
Our previous studies showed that altering solely the drug experience of the cage mates with which rodents are housed affects the development of morphine dependence. In this study, we used designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drugs to artificially increase or decrease the activity of peripheral dorsal root ganglia sensory neurons expressing the G-protein-coupled receptor MRGPRB4. This is because sensory MRGPRB4-expressing neurons were shown to specifically detect the sensation of massage-like stroking resulting from social grooming, which is an important affiliative social behavior in the rodent...
October 18, 2017: Behavioural Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047803/light-efficient-augmented-reality-3d-display-using-highly-transparent-retro-reflective-screen
#4
Shoaib R Soomro, Hakan Urey
We propose and demonstrate a light-efficient 3D display using a highly transparent desktop-sized augmented reality screen. The display consists of a specially designed transparent retro-reflective screen and a pair of low-power pico-projectors positioned close to the viewer's eyes to provide stereo views. The transfer screen is an optically clear sheet partially patterned with retro-reflective microspheres for high optical gain. The retro-reflective material buried in the screen reflects incident light back towards the projectors with a narrow scattering angle and facilitates the viewer to perceive a very bright content...
August 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041148/comparison-between-broadband-bessel-beam-launchers-based-on-either-bessel-or-hankel-aperture-distribution-for-millimeter-wave-short-pulse-generation
#5
Santi C Pavone, Agnese Mazzinghi, Angelo Freni, Matteo Albani
In this paper, a comparison is presented between Bessel beam launchers at millimeter waves based on either a cylindrical standing wave (CSW) or a cylindrical inward traveling wave (CITW) aperture distribution. It is theoretically shown that CITW launchers are better suited for the generation of electromagnetic short pulses because they maintain their performances over a larger bandwidth than those realizing a CSW aperture distribution. Moreover, the wavenumber dispersion of both the launchers is evaluated both theoretically and numerically...
August 7, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040840/experiences-of-structural-vulnerability-among-exotic-dancers-in-baltimore-maryland-co-occurring-social-and-economic-antecedents-of-hiv-sti-risk
#6
Meredith L Brantley, Katherine H A Footer, Sahnah Lim, Deanna Kerrigan, Susan G Sherman
BACKGROUND: Women who grow up in economic scarcity often face limited opportunities for upward mobility, as a result of challenges securing stable housing, quality education, and steady employment. Chronic instability may limit the capacity of women to protect themselves against HIV/STI-related harm when engaging in sexual activity or drug use. Characterizing the structural contexts that facilitate HIV/STI risk among women are critical to effective design and implementation of drug and sexual harm reduction interventions...
October 14, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036873/fighting-against-a-shortage-of-truck-drivers-in-logistics-measures-that-employers-can-take-to-promote-drivers-work-ability-and-health
#7
Ulrike Staats, Daniela Lohaus, Alina Christmann, Michèle Woitschek
BACKGROUND: For several years, the transportation industry has been concerned about a severe shortage of professional truck drivers. Studies investigating the reasons found that poor working conditions and stresses and strains resulting from physiological and psychological job demands have had a negative impact on drivers' health and ability to work. Nevertheless, until now, most employers have refrained from offering measures to support the work ability and well-being of drivers, mainly due to financial pressures in the industry...
October 10, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030108/enclosure-utilisation-and-activity-budgets-of-disabled-malayan-sun-bears-helarctos-malayanus
#8
Kate Lewis, Kris Descovich, Martin Jones
Captive bears are housed in environments that differ greatly from their natural habitat, restricting their ability to perform normal species-specific behaviours. This may be detrimental to welfare, with disabled individuals at particular risk. The effect of physical disability on behaviour and enclosure utilisation was assessed in 12 adult Malayan sun bears (Helarctos malayanus) using 10min interval scan sampling. Amputees spent less time performing locomotor behaviours than able-bodied bears, used their enclosures less evenly, but did not exhibit obvious stereotypies...
October 10, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030084/characterization-and-use-of-the-novel-human-multiple-myeloma-cell-line-mc-b11-14-to-study-biological-consequences-of-crispr-mediated-loss-of-immunoglobulin-a-heavy-chain
#9
Denise K Walters, Bonnie K Arendt, Renee C Tschumper, Xiaosheng Wu, Diane F Jelinek
The genetic abnormalities underlying multiple myeloma (MM) are notoriously complex and intraclonal heterogeneity is a common disease feature. In the current study, we describe the establishment of a monoclonal IgA kappa (κ) MM cell line, designated MC-B11/14. Cytogenetic and FISH analyses of the original and relapse patient samples revealed the MM clone was non-hyperdiploid and possessed an 11;14 chromosomal translocation. The MC-B11/14 cell line, established from the relapse sample, is tetraploid and houses the t(11;14) abnormality...
October 10, 2017: Experimental Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028528/inhibitors-of-yellow-fever-virus-replication-based-on-1-3-5-triphenyl-4-5-dihydropyrazole-scaffold-design-synthesis-and-antiviral-evaluation
#10
Rossella Fioravanti, Nicoletta Desideri, Antonio Carta, Elena Maria Atzori, Ilenia Delogu, Gabriella Collu, Roberta Loddo
By the antiviral screening of an in house library of pyrazoline compounds, 4-(3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-5-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)benzenesulfonamide (5a) was identified as a promising hit compound for the development of anti- Yellow Fever Virus (YFV) agents. Structural optimization studies were focused on the development of 5a analogues which retain the potency as YFV inhibitors and show a reduced cytotoxicity. The synthesized 1-3,5-triphenyl-pyrazolines (4a-j, 5a-j, 6a-j) were evaluated in cell based assays for cytotoxicity and antiviral activity against representative viruses of two of the three genera of the Flaviviridae family, i...
September 28, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028444/development-and-in-house-validation-of-a-real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction-for-the-detection-of-listeria-monocytogenes-in-meat
#11
Camilo Reyes, Luciano H Linares, Fabiana Moredo, Juan P Lirón, Victoria Brusa, Alejandra Londero, Lucía Galli, Juan M Oteiza, Magdalena Costa, Gerardo A Leotta
Listeriosis is a foodborne disease caused by Listeria monocytogenes. The aims of this work were to develop and validate an in-house real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for the detection of L. monocytogenes, and to determine its prevalence in raw ground beef samples from 53 butcheries that also sell ready-to-eat foods. One set of primers and one hydrolysis probe were designed for hly gene detection and then challenged with pure strains. The detection was successful for all L. monocytogenes strains analyzed and negative for all non-L...
October 13, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026433/an-optimized-method-for-high-quality-dna-extraction-from-microalga-prototheca-wickerhamii-for-genome-sequencing
#12
Tomasz Jagielski, Jan Gawor, Zofia Bakuła, Karolina Zuchniewicz, Iwona Żak, Robert Gromadka
BACKGROUND: The complex cell wall structure of algae often precludes efficient extraction of their genetic material. The purpose of this study was to design a next-generation sequencing-suitable DNA isolation method for unicellular, achlorophyllous, yeast-like microalgae of the genus Prototheca, the only known plant pathogens of both humans and animals. The effectiveness of the newly proposed scheme was compared with five other, previously described methods, commonly used for DNA isolation from plants and/or yeasts, available either as laboratory-developed, in-house assays, based on liquid nitrogen grinding or different enzymatic digestion, or as commercially manufactured kits...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023160/collaborating-with-public-housing-residents-and-staff-to-improve-health-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#13
Devon Noonan, Ann Michelle Hartman, Joyce Briggs, Donna J Biederman
This study described the health behaviors and barriers and facilitators of those behaviors in elderly and/or disabled residents of public housing. A mixed-methods design was used. Residents (N = 88) completed a survey with validated measures of health behaviors. A sub-sample (N = 16) participated in three focus groups. Residents scored worse than population norms on the majority of behaviors measured. Qualitative results framed in an ecological model indicated the majority of facilitators and barriers to health behaviors were perceived as occurring at the intrapersonal and interpersonal levels...
October 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021732/nanoparticle-size-distribution-quantification-results-of-a-small-angle-x-ray-scattering-inter-laboratory-comparison
#14
Brian R Pauw, Claudia Kästner, Andreas F Thünemann
This paper presents the first worldwide inter-laboratory comparison of small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) for nanoparticle sizing. The measurands in this comparison are the mean particle radius, the width of the size distribution and the particle concentration. The investigated sample consists of dispersed silver nanoparticles, surrounded by a stabilizing polymeric shell of poly(acrylic acid). The silver cores dominate the X-ray scattering pattern, leading to the determination of their radius size distribution using (i) the generalized indirect Fourier transformation method, (ii) classical model fitting using SASfit and (iii) a Monte Carlo fitting approach using McSAS...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Crystallography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020970/informing-new-or-improved-vector-control-tools-for-reducing-the-malaria-burden-in-tanzania-a-qualitative-exploration-of-perceptions-of-mosquitoes-and-methods-for-their-control-among-the-residents-of-dar-es-salaam
#15
Christina Makungu, Stephania Stephen, Salome Kumburu, Nicodem J Govella, Stefan Dongus, Zoe Jane-Lara Hildon, Gerry F Killeen, Caroline Jones
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of malaria prevention with long-lasting insecticidal nets and indoor residual spraying is limited by emerging insecticide resistance, evasive mosquito behaviours that include outdoor biting, sub-optimal implementation and inappropriate use. New vector control interventions are required and their potential effectiveness will be enhanced if existing household perceptions and practices are integrated into intervention design. METHODS: This qualitative descriptive study used focus groups discussions, in-depth interviews and photovoice methods to explore mosquito control perceptions and practices among residents in four study sites in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania...
October 11, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020757/housing-conditions-contribute-to-underweight-in-children-an-example-from-rural-villages-in-southeast-sulawesi-indonesia
#16
Tasnim Tasnim, Gouranga Dasvarma, Lillian Mwanri
Objectives: The prevalence of underweight in children under 5 years of age is anomalously high in Konawe District, Southeast Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. This state of affairs may be related to poor housing conditions, such as limited access to clean water, the absence of a sanitary latrine, and the use of poor housing materials. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the effect of housing conditions on underweight in under-5 children in Konawe District. Methods: This study was conducted in 2013 in 5 health centres in Konawe District, Southeast Sulawesi Province, and used a case-control study design...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994399/contaminant-deposition-building-shielding-factors-for-us-residential-structures
#17
Elijah Dickson, David Hamby, Keith Eckerman
This paper presents validated building shielding factors designed for contemporary US housing-stock under an idealized, yet realistic, exposure scenario from contaminant deposition on the roof and surrounding surfaces. The building shielding factors are intended for use in emergency planning and level three probabilistic risk assessments for a variety of postulated radiological events in which a realistic assessment is necessary to better understand the potential risks for accident mitigation and emergency response planning...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992705/importance-of-scaffold-flexibility-rigidity-in-the-design-and-directed-evolution-of-artificial-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamases
#18
Woon Ju Song, Jaeseung Yu, F Akif Tezcan
We describe the design and evolution of catalytic hydrolase activity on an artificial, supramolecular protein scaffold, Zn4:C96RIDC14, which was constructed from cytochrome cb562 building blocks via a metal-templating strategy. Previously, we reported that Zn4:C96RIDC14 could be tailored with tripodal (His/His/Glu), unsaturated Zn coordination motifs in its interfaces to generate a variant termed Zn8:A104AB34, which in turn displayed catalytic activity for the hydrolysis of activated esters and -lactam antibiotics...
October 10, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992032/effects-of-a-multi-strain-bacillus-spp-direct-fed-microbial-and-a-protease-enzyme-on-growth-performance-nutrient-digestibility-blood-characteristics-fecal-microbiota-and-noxious-gas-emissions-of-grower-pigs-fed-corn-soybean-meal-based-diets-a-meta-analysis
#19
L Payling, I H Kim, M C Walsh, E Kiarie
Three studies involving 352 grower pigs were conducted to determine the effects of dietary supplementation with multistrain spp. direct-fed microbial (DFM) and protease, alone or in combination, on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood characteristics, fecal microbiota, and noxious gas emissions, and to use a meta-analysis to increase the reliability of the findings. Treatments ( = 4) were set up as a 2 × 2 factorial design with 2 levels of protease (0 and 5.000/6.000 units/kilogram of feed [U/KG]) and 2 levels of DFM (0 and 1...
September 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991413/ligand-based-modeling-for-the-prediction-of-pharmacophore-features-for-multi-targeted-inhibition-of-the-arachidonic-acid-cascade
#20
Nisha Saroj Devi, Rajasekar Shanmugam, Jayanta Ghorai, Meera Ramanan, Pazhamalai Anbarasan, Mukesh Doble
The single-target drugs against the arachidonic acid inflammatory pathway are associated with serious side effects, hence, as a first step towards multi-target drugs, we have studied the pharmacophoric features common to the inhibitors of 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP), microsomal prostaglandin E-synthase 1 (mPGES-1) and leukotriene A4 hydrolase (LTA4H). FLAP and mPGES-1 shared subfamily-specific positions (SSPs) and four mPGES-1 inhibitors binding to them mapped onto the pharmacophore derived from FLAP inhibitors (Ph-FLAP)...
October 9, 2017: Molecular Informatics
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