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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637130/community-integration-and-life-satisfaction-among-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-living-in-the-community-after-receiving-institutional-care-in-bangladesh
#1
Nayeema Ahmed, Mohammad Morshedul Quadir, Mohammad Akhlasur Rahman, Hasanat Alamgir
PURPOSE: This study reports level of community integration and life satisfaction among individuals who sustained traumatic spinal cord injuries, received institutional rehabilitation care services, and went back to live in the community in Bangladesh. It examines the impact of type of injury, demographic characteristics, socio-economic profile, and secondary health conditions on community integration and life satisfaction and explores the association between these two measures. METHOD: Individuals with spinal cord injury were telephone interviewed by the Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed, Bangladesh from February to June of 2014...
February 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636626/digestible-lysine-requirements-of-male-broilers-from-1-to-42-days-of-age-reassessed
#2
Henrique Scher Cemin, Sergio Luiz Vieira, Catarina Stefanello, Marcos Kipper, Liris Kindlein, Ariane Helmbrecht
Three experiments were conducted separately to estimate the digestible Lys (dig. Lys) requirements of Cobb × Cobb 500 male broilers using different statistical models. For each experiment, 1,200 chicks were housed in 48 floor pens in a completely randomized design with 6 treatments and 8 replicates. Broilers were fed diets with increasing dig. Lys levels from 1 to 12 d (Exp. 1), from 12 to 28 d (Exp. 2), and 28 to 42 d (Exp. 3). Increasing dig. Lys levels were equally spaced from 0.97 to 1.37% in Exp. 1, 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633398/a-novel-system-for-the-treatment-of-aortic-annular-dilation-an-ex-vivo-investigation
#3
Pallav Shah, Claudia Romagnoni, Michal Jaworek, Federico Lucherini, Monica Contino, Alan Menkis, Guido Gelpi, Gianfranco B Fiore, Carlo Antona, Riccardo Vismara
OBJECTIVES: The main reason for aortic repair failures is recurrent annular dilatation. The fibrous portion of left ventricular outflow tract dilates. A novel device was designed to tackle this problem. METHODS: The device consists of an internal ring applied at the aortic annulus plus an external flexible band at the level of the aortic root. The internal ring has a semi-rigid portion (40%, placed at ventriculo-arterial junction) and a flexible portion to allow it to conform along the curves of the non-coronary/right coronary leaflet and right coronary/left coronary leaflet commissures...
June 15, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632095/transgressing-gender-norms-in-addiction-treatment-transgender-rights-to-access-within-gender-segregated-facilities
#4
Sara Matsuzaka
Despite having disproportionately high rates of substance use disorder and co-occurring health and mental health issues compared to the general population, transgender individuals experience significant barriers to accessing and engaging in addiction treatment programs. Inpatient addiction treatment centers were originally designed to treat substance-dependent heterosexual cisgender populations and, as such, feature gender-segregated housing, bathrooms, and treatment sessions. The heteronormative structural and programmatic barriers, combined with exposures to stigmatic and prejudicial attitudes, may dissuade transgender populations from benefiting from the addiction treatment they so direly need...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631587/dietary-supplementation-with-a-nucleotide-rich-yeast-extract-modulates-gut-immune-response-and-microflora-in-weaned-pigs-in-response-to-a-sanitary-challenge
#5
S M Waititu, F Yin, R Patterson, A Yitbarek, J C Rodriguez-Lecompte, C M Nyachoti
An experiment was carried out to evaluate the short-term effect of supplementing a nucleotide-rich yeast extract (NRYE) on growth performance, gut structure, immunity and microflora of piglets raised under sanitary and unsanitary conditions. A total of 84, 21-day old piglets were used in this study; 42 piglets were raised in a room designated as the clean room that was washed once per week, whereas the other 42 piglets were raised in a room designated as the unclean room in which 7 kg of manure from the sow herd was spread on each pen floor on day 1 and 7 and the room was not washed throughout the experiment...
June 20, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630694/physical-activity-level-of-female-and-male-adult-cats-before-and-after-running-wheel-habituation
#6
Katelyn B Detweiler, Samona Rawal, Kelly S Swanson, Maria R C de Godoy
The objective of the present study was to evaluate whether access to a running wheel increases voluntary physical activity in adult female and male domestic cats. Eight neutered domestic shorthair male cats (mean age 8·6 (sd 0·05) years) and eleven intact domestic shorthair female cats (mean age 3·3 (sd 0·14) years) were group housed for 22 h daily and individually housed during the feeding period. Voluntary physical activity was measured using accelerometers. Experimental design consisted of 1 week of baseline physical activity measurement, followed by 3 weeks of wheel habituation, and 1 week of physical activity measurement post-wheel habituation...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629413/progressive-disability-in-elderly-population-among-tribals-of-telangana-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Ajitha Katta, Anil Kumar Indira Krishna, Bagavandas M, Tomofumi Anegawa, Suresh Munuswamy
BACKGROUND: The tribal population of Telangana, India, lives in remote and difficult conditions. This study was carried out to find out estimate, the prevalence and progression of disability in elderly population among tribals of Khammam District, Telangana state, India. METHODS: A population based cross sectional survey was conducted in villages of Tribal Sub Plan area. Elderly people who are 60 years or older were chosen with a two stage sampling procedure: (1) probability proportion to size was used to select clusters and (2) in each selected cluster households were selected by systematic random sampling...
June 19, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627241/neonatal-intensive-care-unit-layout-and-nurses-work
#8
Megan Doede, Alison M Trinkoff, Ayse P Gurses
Neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) remain one of the few areas in hospitals that still use an open bay (OPBY) design for patient stays greater than 24 hr, housing multiple infants, staff, and families in one large room. This creates high noise levels, contributes to the spread of infection, and affords families little privacy. These problems have given rise to the single-family room NICU. This represents a significant change in the care environment for nurses. This literature review answers the question: When compared to OPBY layout, how does a single family room layout impact neonatal nurses' work? Thirteen studies published between 2006 and 2015 were located...
January 1, 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626571/integrative-approach-for-the-analysis-of-the-proteome-wide-response-to-bismuth-drugs-in-helicobacter-pylori
#9
Yuchuan Wang, Ligang Hu, Feng Xu, Quan Quan, Yau-Tsz Lai, Wei Xia, Ya Yang, Yuen-Yan Chang, Xinming Yang, Zhifang Chai, Junwen Wang, Ivan K Chu, Hongyan Li, Hongzhe Sun
Bismuth drugs, despite being clinically used for decades, surprisingly remain in use and effective for the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection, even for resistant strains when co-administrated with antibiotics. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the clinically sustained susceptibility of H. pylori to bismuth drugs remain elusive. Herein, we report that integration of in-house metalloproteomics and quantitative proteomics allows comprehensive uncovering of the bismuth-associated proteomes, including 63 bismuth-binding and 119 bismuth-regulated proteins from Helicobacter pylori, with over 60% being annotated with catalytic functions...
June 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625755/multilevel-engineering-of-the-upstream-module-of-aromatic-amino-acid-biosynthesis-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-for-high-production-of-polymer-and-drug-precursors
#10
Miguel Suástegui, Chiam Yu Ng, Anupam Chowdhury, Wan Sun, Mingfeng Cao, Emma House, Costas D Maranas, Zengyi Shao
A multilevel approach was implemented in Saccharomyces cerevisiae to optimize the precursor module of the aromatic amino acid biosynthesis pathway, which is a rich resource for synthesizing a great variety of chemicals ranging from polymer precursor, to nutraceuticals and pain-relief drugs. To facilitate the discovery of novel targets to enhance the pathway flux, we incorporated the computational tool YEASTRACT for predicting novel transcriptional repressors and OptForce strain-design for identifying non-intuitive pathway interventions...
June 15, 2017: Metabolic Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624033/house-staff-led-interdisciplinary-morbidity-and-mortality-conference-promotes-systematic-improvement
#11
Christopher J Tignanelli, Genevieve G R Embree, Amir Barzin
BACKGROUND: Improvements in patient safety are critical to improving clinical outcomes. We present a resident-led interdisciplinary morbidity and mortality (M&M) conference utilizing postconference task forces to identify unique system issues, classify key contributors to interdisciplinary complications, and implement systems solutions. The conference also served to facilitate resident involvement in quality improvement projects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Members of the UNC Housestaff Council designed and implemented a hospital-wide M&M conference...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622788/a-questionnaire-study-of-associations-between-potential-risk-factors-and-salmonella-status-in-swedish-dairy-herds
#12
Estelle C C Ågren, Jenny Frössling, Helene Wahlström, Ulf Emanuelson, Susanna Sternberg Lewerin
In this study associations between potential risk factors and salmonella status in Swedish dairy herds were investigated. A case-control study design was used, including existing as well as new cases. Herds were assigned a salmonella status on the basis of antibody analysis of bulk milk samples. Information on potential risk factors was collected from registry data and from farmers via a questionnaire. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to investigate associations between salmonella status and potential risk factors...
August 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622787/monitoring-of-the-newborn-dog-and-prediction-of-neonatal-mortality
#13
Hanna Mila, Aurélien Grellet, Marine Delebarre, Claire Mariani, Alexandre Feugier, Sylvie Chastant-Maillard
Despite the high neonatal mortality rate in puppies, pertinent criteria for health evaluation of the newborns are not defined. This study was thus designed to measure and to characterize factors of variation of six health parameters in dog neonates, and to evaluate their value as predictors of neonatal mortality. A total of 347 purebred puppies under identical conditions of housing and management were examined within the first 8h after birth and then at Day 1. The first health evaluation included Apgar score, weight, blood glucose, lactate and β-hydroxybutyrate concentration, rectal temperature and urine specific gravity (SG)...
August 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621649/a-natural-experimental-study-of-the-protective-effect-of-home-ownership-on-household-food-insecurity-in-canada-before-and-after-a-recession-2008-2009
#14
Lynn McIntyre, Xiuyun Wu, Cynthia Kwok, J C Herbert Emery
OBJECTIVES: Home ownership as opposed to renting is associated with lower rates of food insecurity, the latter being a marker of household economic deprivation associated with adverse health outcomes. It is unclear whether this relationship persists during a major economic decline, or whether different subgroups of home owners are equally protected. The 2008-2009 recession in Canada was tied to events in the United States related to inappropriate mortgage financing; the impact of the recession on food insecurity among home owners may identify policies to mitigate recessionary outcomes...
June 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621589/effect-of-hospitalization-on-gastrointestinal-motility-and-ph-in-dogs
#15
Kanawee Warrit, Pedro Boscan, Leah E Ferguson, Allison M Bradley, Kristy L Dowers, David C Twedt
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of hospitalization on gastrointestinal motility and pH in healthy dogs. DESIGN Experimental study. ANIMALS 12 healthy adult dogs. PROCEDURES A wireless motility capsule (WMC) that measured pressure, transit time, and pH within the gastrointestinal tract was administered orally to dogs in 2 phases. In the first phase, dogs received the WMC at the hospital and then returned to their home to follow their daily routine. In the second phase, dogs were hospitalized, housed individually, had abdominal radiography performed daily, and were leash exercised 4 to 6 times/d until the WMC passed in the feces...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620484/the-effect-of-changing-the-moisture-levels-of-dry-extruded-and-wet-canned-diets-on-physical-activity-in-cats
#16
D G Thomas, M Post, G Bosch
Obesity levels in cats are increasing and the main causative factor is higher energy intake v. energy expenditure over time. Therefore, altering energy expenditure by enhancing physical activity of the cat could be a strategy to reduce obesity. Hydrating commercial dry diets with water increased activity in cats; however, no study has compared this approach with feeding high-moisture canned diets. Eight healthy male neutered domestic shorthair cats were fed four different dietary treatments in a Latin square design...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617656/sarcocystis-pantherophis-n-sp-from-eastern-rat-snakes-pantherophis-alleghaniensis-definitive-hosts-and-interferon-gamma-gene-knockout-mice-as-experimental-intermediate-hosts
#17
Shiv Verma, David Lindsay, Joseph Mowery, Benjamin Rosenthal, J P Dubey
Here we report a new species, Sarcocystis pantherophisi n. sp. with the Eastern rat snake (Pantherophis alleghaniensis) as natural definitive host and the interferon gamma gene knockout (KO) mouse as the experimental intermediate host. Sporocysts (n = 15) from intestinal contents of the snake were 17.3 x 10.9 µm. Sporocysts were orally infective to interferon gamma KO mice but not to laboratory raised albino outbred house mice (Mus musculus). The interferon gamma KO mice developed schizont-associated neurological signs and schizonts were cultivated in vitro from the brain...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612100/costs-and-outcomes-of-improving-population-health-through-better-social-housing-a-cohort-study-and-economic-analysis
#18
Nathan Bray, Paul Burns, Alice Jones, Eira Winrow, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the impact of warmth-related housing improvements on the health, well-being, and quality of life of families living in social housing. METHODS: An historical cohort study design was used. Households were recruited by Gentoo, a social housing contractor in North East England. Recruited households were asked to complete a quality of life, well-being, and health service use questionnaire before receiving housing improvements (new energy-efficient boiler and double-glazing) and again 12 months afterwards...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610934/boarding-icu-patients-are-our-rounding-practices-subpar
#19
Andrew M Nunn, Justin S Hatchimonji, Daniel N Holena, Mark J Seamon, Brian P Smith, Lewis J Kaplan, Niels D Martin, Patrick M Reilly, C William Schwab, Jose L Pascual
INTRODUCTION: Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU) patients "boarding" in ICUs other than the designated home unit have been shown to suffer increased rates of complications. We hypothesized that ICU rounding practices are different when SICU patients are housed in home vs. boarding ICUs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: SICU rounds were observed at an academic quaternary medical center. Individual patient rounding time and order seen on rounds along with patient data and demographics were recorded...
June 10, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610581/household-air-pollution-from-cooking-and-risk-of-adverse-health-and-birth-outcomes-in-bangladesh-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#20
Md Nuruzzaman Khan, Cherri Zhang B Nurs, M Mofizul Islam, Md Rafiqul Islam, Md Mizanur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Household air pollution (HAP) from cooking with solid fuels has become a leading cause of death and disability in many developing countries including Bangladesh. We assess the association between HAP and risk of selected adverse birth and maternal health outcomes. METHODS: Data for this study were extracted from Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey conducted during 2007-2014. Selected adverse birth outcomes were acute respiratory infection (ARI) among children, stillbirth, low birth weight (LBW), under-five mortality, neonatal mortality and infant mortality...
June 13, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
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