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sexuality AND spinal cord injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753705/spinal-cord-injury-how-could-acupuncture-help
#1
REVIEW
Qianqian Fan, Omer Cavus, Lize Xiong, Yun Xia
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the most common causes of death and disability worldwide, and it can result in both permanent disability and serial complications in patients. Research shows that patients with SCI complications are often interested in acupuncture for symptomatic relief. Therefore, the issue of physicians advising their patients regarding the use of acupuncture to alleviate SCI complications becomes pertinent. We review and summarize two types of relevant publications: (1) literature concerning acupuncture for SCI and its complications and (2) underlying mechanisms of acupuncture therapy for SCI...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744665/effect-of-spinal-anterior-root-stimulation-and-sacral-deafferentation-on-bladder-and-sexual-dysfunction-in-spinal-cord-injury
#2
Hamed Zaer, Mikkel Mylius Rasmussen, Franko Zepke, Charlotte Bodin, Burkhard Domurath, Johannes Kutzenberger
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a highly devastating injury with a variety of complications; among them are neurogenic bladder, bowel, and sexual dysfunction. We aimed to evaluate the effect of sacral anterior root stimulation with sacral deafferentation (SARS-SDAF) on neurogenic bladder and sexual dysfunction in a large well-defined spinal cord injury cohort. METHODS: In the manner of cross-sectional study, subjects undergone SARS-SDAF between September 1986 and July 2011 answered a questionnaire concerning conditions before and after surgery in the department of Neuro-Urology, Bad Wildungen, Germany...
May 10, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706758/progress-of-the-dutch-spinal-cord-injury-database-completeness-of-database-and-profile-of-patients-admitted-for-inpatient-rehabilitation-in-2015
#3
Marcel W M Post, Janneke Nachtegaal, Sacha A van Langeveld, Maureen van de Graaf, Willemijn X Faber, Ellen H Roels, Coen A M van Bennekom
Background: In the Dutch International Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Data Sets project, we translated all International SCI Data Sets available in 2012 and created a Dutch SCI Database (NDD). Objective: To describe the number of included patients and completeness of the NDD, and to use the NDD to provide a profile of people with traumatic SCI (T-SCI) and non-traumatic SCI (NT-SCI) in the Netherlands. Methods: The NDD includes patients admitted for their first inpatient rehabilitation after onset of SCI to 1 of the 8 rehabilitation centers with a specialty in SCI rehabilitation in the Netherlands...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627087/autonomic-nervous-system-in-paralympic-athletes-with-spinal-cord-injury
#4
REVIEW
Matthias Walter, Andrei V Krassioukov
Individuals sustaining a spinal cord injury (SCI) frequently suffer from sensorimotor and autonomic impairment. Damage to the autonomic nervous system results in cardiovascular, respiratory, bladder, bowel, and sexual dysfunctions, as well as temperature dysregulation. These complications not only impede quality of life, but also affect athletic performance of individuals with SCI. This article summarizes existing evidence on how damage to the spinal cord affects the autonomic nervous system and impacts the performance in athletes with SCI...
May 2018: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523475/survey-on-the-contemporary-management-of-intraoperative-urethral-injuries-during-penile-prosthesis-implantation
#5
Stephanie J Sexton, Michael A Granieri, Aaron C Lentz
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative urethral injury is an uncommon event during the placement of a penile prosthesis, and alternative management strategies have been proposed with continuation of implantation after urethral injury. AIM: To evaluate surgeon practices in the management of intraoperative urethral injury. METHODS: An online survey was sent to the society listservs of the Genitourinary Reconstructive Surgeons (GURS) and the Sexual Medicine Society of North America (SMSNA)...
April 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521927/experience-of-nurses-caring-for-patients-with-neurogenic-bowel-dysfunction-a-qualitative-study
#6
Claire Todd, Sue Woodward
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the experience and perceptions of nurses providing bowel care to patients after spinal cord injury. DESIGN: Qualitative study using thematic analysis of semistructured interviews. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Eleven RNs who provided bowel care to patients following spinal cord injury and were deemed competent to do so by their employer were invited to participate. The study setting was a large, London NHS Trust providing acute hospital care to a population of around 1 million people...
March 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470149/chronic-complete-cervical-6-7-cord-transection-distinct-autonomic-and-cardiac-deficits
#7
Heidi L Lujan, Anne Tonson, Robert W Wiseman, Stephen E DiCarlo
Spinal cord injury (SCI) resulting in tetraplegia is a devastating, life-changing insult causing paralysis and sensory impairment as well as distinct autonomic dysfunction that triggers compromised cardiovascular, bowel, bladder and sexual activity. Life becomes a battle for independence as even routine bodily functions and the smallest activity of daily living become a major challenge. Accordingly, there is a critical need for a chronic pre-clinical model of tetraplegia. This report addresses this critical need by comparing, for the first time, resting, reflex and stress-induced cardiovascular, autonomic and hormonal responses each week for 4 weeks in 12 sham-operated intact rats and 12 rats with chronic, complete C6-7 spinal cord transection...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469801/undisturbed-characteristic-herpes-simplex-virus-2-outbreak
#8
Lainee S Goettsche, Karolyn A Wanat
Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) is a common sexually transmitted disease that typically presents with focal erosions or small vesicles on an erythematous base.Herein, a case is described in which a 42-year old man experienced a genital HSV-2 outbreak after sustaining a spinal cord injury. No typical prodromal symptomswere experienced; therefore the vesicular lesions remained completely intact, granting an unusual opportunity to visualize herpetic infection in its most classic morphology.
October 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423307/the-importance-of-the-bulbocavernosus-reflex
#9
REVIEW
Jean Gabriel Previnaire
The BCR consists of the contraction of the bulbocavernosus muscle in response to squeezing the glans penis or clitoris, and is mediated through the pudendal nerve. In case of a complete lesion, the presence of BCR is indicative of intact S2-S4 spinal reflex arcs and loss of supraspinal inhibition, determining an upper motor neuron (UMN) lesion, its absence a lower motor neuron (LMN) lesion. The BCR further helps distinguish conus medullaris from cauda equina syndromes. Sensory or motor function in the most caudal sacral segments, not BCR, defines the sacral sparing as part of the International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury (ISNCSCI)...
2018: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385166/improvements-in-bladder-bowel-and-sexual-outcomes-following-task-specific-locomotor-training-in-human-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Charles H Hubscher, April N Herrity, Carolyn S Williams, Lynnette R Montgomery, Andrea M Willhite, Claudia A Angeli, Susan J Harkema
OBJECTIVE: Locomotor training (LT) as a therapeutic intervention following spinal cord injury (SCI) is an effective rehabilitation strategy for improving motor outcomes, but its impact on non-locomotor functions is unknown. Given recent results of our labs' pre-clinical animal SCI LT studies and existing overlap of lumbosacral spinal circuitries controlling pelvic-visceral and locomotor functions, we addressed whether LT can improve bladder, bowel and sexual function in humans at chronic SCI time-points (> two years post-injury)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335473/mental-health-and-life-satisfaction-of-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-and-their-partners-5-years-after-discharge-from-first-inpatient-rehabilitation
#11
Eline W M Scholten, Maria E H Tromp, Chantal F Hillebregt, Sonja de Groot, Marjolijn Ketelaar, Johanna M A Visser-Meily, Marcel W M Post
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To describe and compare mental health and life satisfaction between individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) and their partners 5 years after discharge from first inpatient rehabilitation; and to examine if injury severity moderates the association between individuals' with SCI and their partners' mental health and life satisfaction. SETTING: Dutch community. METHODS: Sixty-five individuals with SCI and their partners completed a self-report questionnaire...
January 16, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298725/sex-differences-in-primary-muscle-afferent-sensitization-following-ischemia-and-reperfusion-injury
#12
Jessica L Ross, Luis F Queme, Jordan E Lamb, Kathryn J Green, Michael P Jankowski
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain conditions are more prevalent in women, but most preclinical studies into mechanisms of pain generation are performed using male animals. Furthermore, whereas group III and IV nociceptive muscle afferents provoke central sensitization more effectively than their cutaneous counterparts, less is known about this critical population of muscle nociceptors. Here, we compare the physiology of individual muscle afferents in uninjured males and females. We then characterize the molecular, physiological, and behavioral effects of transient ischemia and reperfusion injury (I/R), a model we have extensively studied in males and in females...
January 3, 2018: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275958/edeus-a-real-life-study-on-the-users-of-phosphodiesterase-type-5-inhibitors-prevalence-perceptions-and-health-care-seeking-behavior-among-european-men-with-a-focus-on-2nd-generation-avanafil
#13
Giovanni Corona, Mario Maggi, Emmanuele A Jannini
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a multidimensional disorder with an estimated prevalence of 1% to 10% in men younger than 40 years and up to 100% in men in their 70s and 80s. AIM: To evaluate the real-life characteristics and unmet needs of men with ED, its impact on well-being, and treatment rates across Europe. METHODS: Adult men in Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain were invited to participate in the survey...
March 2018: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184144/sex-differences-in-peripheral-not-central-immune-responses-to-pain-inducing-injury
#14
Douglas M Lopes, Natalia Malek, Michelle Edye, Sara Buskbjerg Jager, Sheridan McMurray, Stephen B McMahon, Franziska Denk
Women suffer chronic pain more frequently than men. It is not clear whether this is due to differences in higher level cognitive processes or basic nociceptive responses. In this study we used a mouse model of neuropathic pain to dissociate these factors. We performed RNA-seq on purified peripheral afferent neurons, but found no striking differences in gene expression between male and female mice, neither before nor after nerve injury. Similarly, spinal cord immune responses between the sexes appeared to be indistinguishable when studied by flow cytometry or qRT-PCR...
November 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107040/longitudinal-recovery-and-reduced-costs-after-120-sessions-of-locomotor-training-for-motor-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#15
Sarah A Morrison, Douglas Lorenz, Carol P Eskay, Gail F Forrest, D Michele Basso
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of long-term, body weight-supported locomotor training after chronic, incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI), and to estimate the health care costs related to lost recovery potential and preventable secondary complications that may have occurred because of visit limits imposed by insurers. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort with longitudinal follow-up. SETTING: Eight outpatient rehabilitation centers that participate in the Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation NeuroRecovery Network (NRN)...
March 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069968/corrigendum
#16
(no author information available yet)
Eglseder, K., & Demchick, B. (2017). Sexuality and Spinal Cord Injury: The Lived Experiences of Intimate Partners. Occupation, Participation and Health, 37, 5-16. doi: 10.1177/1539449217701394 This article that appeared in Issue 37:3 of Occupation, Participation and Health has the following corrected information: On p. 126, in the first sentence of the last paragraph under Procedures, the text "The current study was approved by the BLIND University" should instead read, "The current study was approved by the Towson University" On p...
October 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037533/continuous-tamoxifen-delivery-improves-locomotor-recovery-6h-after-spinal-cord-injury-by-neuronal-and-glial-mechanisms-in-male-rats
#17
Jennifer M Colón, Pablo A González, Ámbar Cajigas, Wanda I Maldonado, Aranza I Torrado, José M Santiago, Iris K Salgado, Jorge D Miranda
No treatment is available for patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Patients often arrive to the hospital hours after SCI suggesting the need of a therapy that can be used on a clinically relevant window. Previous studies showed that Tamoxifen (TAM) treatment 24h after SCI benefits locomotor recovery in female rats. Tamoxifen exerts beneficial effects in male and female rodents but a gap of knowledge exists on: the therapeutic window of TAM, the spatio-temporal mechanisms activated and if this response is sexually dimorphic...
January 2018: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036845/sexual-concerns-after-spinal-cord-injury-an-update-on-management
#18
Marcalee Sipski Alexander, Carrie Mlynarczyk Aisen, Sterling Morrison Alexander, Mindy Lipson Aisen
BACKGROUND: Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) causes neurological impairment with resultant neurogenic sexual dysfunction which can compound preexisting psychological and medical sexual concerns. Understanding these concerns is important in managing the lifelong needs of persons with SCIs. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the impact of SCI on sexuality along with a framework for treatment of sexual concerns. To briefly review male infertility and its treatments and pregnancy in females after SCI...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984755/clinical-and-imaging-features-of-spinal-cord-type-of-neuro-beh%C3%A3-et-disease-a-case-report-and-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Hui-Miao Liu, Ci Dong, Yong-Zhi Zhang, Ya-Yun Tian, Hong-Xu Chen, Sai Zhang, Na Li, Ping Gu
RATIONAL: To investigate the clinical and MRI characteristics of spinal cord nerve Behçet's disease. PATIENT CONCERNS: One patient with spinal cord nerve Behçet's disease was admitted to our hospital at October 20, 2015. DIAGNOSE: Spinal cord nerve Behçet's disease. INTERVENTIONS: Retrospective analysis was performed on such case as well as 16 cases of spinal cord nerve Behçet's disease reported in China or abroad...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970081/women-s-sex-life-after-spinal-cord-injury
#20
Tatana Sramkova, Katerina Skrivanova, Igor Dolan, Libor Zamecnik, Katerina Sramkova, Jiri Kriz, Vladimir Muzik, Radmila Fajtova
INTRODUCTION: After spinal cord injury (SCI), individuals are typically considered by the general public to be asexual. Handicapped women have more problems with socio-sexual adaptation, stemming from low self-confidence, low self-esteem, and the absence of spontaneity. AIMS: To determine changes in the sexual lives of women after SCI. METHODS: A self-constructed questionnaire was used to map sexual function after SCI. We retrospectively compared sexual function in 30 women with SCI with that in 30 without SCI who led an active sexual life...
December 2017: Sexual Medicine
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