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sexuality AND spinal cord injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808584/international-spinal-cord-injury-male-sexual-function-and-female-sexual-and-reproductive-function-basic-data-sets-version-2-0
#1
Marcalee S Alexander, Peter W New, Fin Biering-Sørensen, Frederique Courtois, Giulio Del Popolo, Stacy Elliott, Carlotte Kiekens, Lawrence Vogel, Jean G Previnaire
STUDY DESIGN: Data set review and modification. OBJECTIVE: To describe modifications in the International Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Male Sexual Function Basic Data Set Version 2.0 and the International SCI Female Sexual and Reproductive Function Basic Data Set Version 2.0. SETTING: International expert work group using on line communication. METHODS: An international team of experts was compiled to review and revise the International SCI Male Sexual Function and Female Sexual and Reproductive Function Basic Data Sets Version 1...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770686/body-composition-changes-with-testosterone-replacement-therapy-following-spinal-cord-injury-and-aging-a-mini-review
#2
Tom E Nightingale, Pamela Moore, Joshua Harman, Refka Khalil, Ranjodh S Gill, Teodoro Castillo, Robert A Adler, Ashraf S Gorgey
Context Hypogonadism is a male clinical condition in which the body does not produce enough testosterone. Testosterone plays a key role in maintaining body composition, bone mineral density, sexual function, mood, erythropoiesis, cognition and quality of life. Hypogonadism can occur due to several underlying pathologies during aging and in men with physical disabilities, such as spinal cord injury (SCI). This condition is often under diagnosed and as a result, symptoms undertreated. Methods In this mini-review, we propose that testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) may be a viable strategy to improve lean body mass (LBM) and fat mass (FM) in men with SCI...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713038/assessment-of-sexual-function-in-women-with-neurological-disorders-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Frédérique Courtois, Marina Gérard, Kathleen Charvier, David B Vodušek, Gérard Amarenco
BACKGROUND: Although the rehabilitation of sexual function has been identified as a top priority among women presenting neurological conditions, sexual function is rarely assessed in this clinical group. OBJECTIVES: To review published assessment tools of sexual dysfunction in women with neurological conditions including multiple sclerosis (MS), spinal cord injury (SCI), Parkinson disease, stroke, traumatic brain injury. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted with Medline via PubMed, PubMed Central, and Medline databases...
July 13, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683015/rebuilding-life-investigating-the-long-term-homecare-needs-of-clients-with-spinal-cord-injuries
#4
Mei-Ying Chang, Hsiao-Yu Chen, Mei-Li Cheng, Hsin-Yin Liu
BACKGROUND: Clients with a spinal cord injury (SCI) must learn to manage their disabilities and may never be able to resume their previous lifestyle. Therefore, receiving relevant information and support from care practitioners and institutions is essential for clients with long-term SCI. PURPOSE: This study investigated the long-term homecare needs of clients with SCIs. METHODS: A qualitative approach was used in this study. Data were collected from March to May 2013...
August 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645572/longitudinal-associations-between-mental-health-conditions-and-overactive-bladder-in-women-veterans
#5
Catherine S Bradley, Ingrid E Nygaard, Stephen L Hillis, James C Torner, Anne G Sadler
BACKGROUND: One in 5 recently deployed US women veterans report overactive bladder symptoms. Mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety commonly co-occur in women with overactive bladder, but temporal relationships between these outcomes have not been well studied, and the mechanism behind this association is unknown. The Women Veterans Urinary Health Study, a nationwide longitudinal study in recently deployed women veterans, was designed to better understand relationships between overactive bladder and mental health conditions...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621221/sexuality-and-spinal-cord-injury-the-lived-experiences-of-intimate-partners
#6
Kate Eglseder, Barbara Demchick
Although sexuality is an integral aspect of the human experience, individuals who sustain a spinal cord injury (SCI) often receive inadequate education to facilitate successful participation in sexual activities. Intimate partners are often not included in discussions related to sexuality during the rehabilitative process. The purpose of this study was to identify the lived experiences of intimate partners of individuals with SCI related to sexuality. Four intimate partners were selected to participate in semistructured interviews related to their lived experiences of sexuality...
July 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584661/evaluation-of-sexual-and-fertility-dysfunction-in-spinal-cord-injured-men-in-jamaica
#7
Belinda F Morrison, Ian White-Gittens, Simon Smith, Shari St John, Romar Bent, Rory Dixon
INTRODUCTION: Sexual dysfunction and infertility are common in males with traumatic spinal cord injuries (SCIs). The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of sexual dysfunction and infertility in males with traumatic SCI managed in Jamaica, as well as the therapeutic options offered. CASE PRESENTATION: A cross-sectional study including males with traumatic SCI managed at the Sir John Golding Rehabilitation Centre, Kingston, Jamaica was carried out between 1 January and 31 December 2015...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555662/event-centrality-as-a-unique-predictor-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-perceived-disability-following-spinal-cord-injury
#8
A Boals, Z Trost, D Berntsen, L Nowlin, T Wheelis, K R Monden
STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study involving completion of self-report measures. OBJECTIVES: Individuals who acquire a spinal cord injury (SCI) face numerous physical and psychological challenges, with the former receiving considerable less attention during the rehabilitation process. In this article, we examined event centrality as a unique predictor of psychological outcomes in a sample of individuals receiving rehabilitation for SCI. Event centrality refers to the extent to which individuals construe a stressful experience as a core part of their identity...
May 30, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537946/gastrointestinal-manifestations-of-pelvic-floor-disorders-in-adolescents-a-diagnostic-framework-for-the-general-practitioner
#9
Anita Kochikar Pai, Sonia Arora Ballal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) can present with gastrointestinal complaints in the adolescent patient, and identification of PFDs is aided by clues in the history and physical examination apparent to the knowledgeable clinician. The aim of this article is to provide a framework for the diagnostic evaluation of the adolescent patient with a PFD and introduce management strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients with PFDs can present with gastrointestinal symptoms, including abdominal pain, constipation, incomplete evacuation, and fecal incontinence or nongastrointestinal complaints around genitourinary symptoms or sexual health...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382212/altered-spinal-cord-activity-during-sexual-stimulation-in-women-with-sci-a-pilot-fmri-study
#10
Marcalee Alexander, Natalie Kozyrev, Chase R Figley, J Scott Richards
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of the use of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to evaluate the spinal activation during sexual response of the thoracic, lumbar and sacral spinal cord. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a laboratory-based pilot study in human females at a University-based medical center in the United States. In three healthy spinal cord injury (SCI) females, spinal cord activations during sexual audiovisual stimulation (alone), genital self-stimulation (alone) and simultaneous audiovisual and genital self-stimulation (combined) were assessed and then compared with each subjects' remaining sensory and motor function...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375917/urogenital-symptoms-in-neurologic-patients
#11
Jalesh N Panicker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lower urinary tract and sexual dysfunction are commonly reported sequelae of neurologic disease and have a significant impact on quality of life. This article presents an up-to-date summary of the clinical presentation, investigations, and treatment options for urogenital dysfunction in patients with neurologic disease. RECENT FINDINGS: The pattern of lower urinary tract dysfunction is influenced by the site of the neurologic lesion. The risk for developing upper urinary tract damage is considerably less in patients with slowly progressive nontraumatic neurologic disorders, as compared to those with spinal cord injury or spina bifida...
April 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355966/sexuality-and-spinal-cord-injury
#12
Kate Eglseder, Barbara Demchick
Although sexuality is an integral aspect of the human experience, individuals who sustain a spinal cord injury (SCI) often receive inadequate education to facilitate successful participation in sexual activities. Intimate partners are often not included in discussions related to sexuality during the rehabilitative process. The purpose of this study was to identify the lived experiences of intimate partners of individuals with SCI related to sexuality. Four intimate partners were selected to participate in semistructured interviews related to their lived experiences of sexuality...
March 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341580/efficacy-and-safety-of-sildenafil-in-men-with-sexual-dysfunction-and-spinal-cord-injury
#13
REVIEW
Dana A Ohl, Martin Carlsson, Vera J Stecher, Gregory A Rippon
INTRODUCTION: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is estimated to affect approximately 276,000 individuals in the United States. Since 2010, the mean age of individuals at the time of the SCI has been 42 years, with nearly 80% of cases involving men. This means that individuals with SCI generally are young men who typically place a great deal of importance on normal sexual and reproductive function. AIM: To assess the effect of sildenafil treatment on erectile function and the frequency of ejaculation in men with SCI...
March 21, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320892/sepiapterin-reductase-gene-disrupted-mice-suffer-from-hypertension-with-fluctuation-and-bradycardia
#14
Chiho Sumi-Ichinose, Yui Suganuma, Taiki Kano, Noriko Ihira, Hiroko Nomura, Kazuhisa Ikemoto, Tadayoshi Hata, Setsuko Katoh, Hiroshi Ichinose, Kazunao Kondo
(6R)-l-erythro-5,6,7,8-Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is an essential cofactor for monoamine and nitric oxide (NO) production. Sepiapterin reductase (SPR) catalyzes the final step in BH4 biosynthesis. We analyzed the cardiovascular function of adult Spr gene-disrupted (Spr(-/-)) mice for the first time. After weaning, Spr(-/-) mice suffered from hypertension with fluctuation and bradycardia, while the monoamine contents in these mice were less than 10% of those in the wild-type mice as a result of BH4 depletion...
March 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314966/-neuro-urological-diagnosis-and-therapy-of-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-s2k-guideline-of-the-german-speaking-medical-society-of-paraplegia-dmgp-awmf-register-no-179-001
#15
R Böthig, B Domurath, A Kaufmann, J Bremer, W Vance, I Kurze
BACKGROUND: Most patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) suffer from neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD), bowel dysfunction and sexual dysfunction. If these remain untreated, severe medical complications and serious limitations (restrictions) in quality of life are imminent. OBJECTIVES: In the long term, there are considerable differences in the treatment results of highly specialized centers versus other treatment facilities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Against this background, a consensus-based guideline, according to the AWMF (Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany) criteria (S2k), was developed by the neuro-urology working group of the DMPG (German-Speaking Medical Society of Paraplegia)...
March 17, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270169/molecules-in-pain-and-sex-a-developing-story
#16
REVIEW
Josiane C S Mapplebeck, Simon Beggs, Michael W Salter
Microglia are dynamic immune cells with diverse roles in maintaining homeostasis of the central nervous system. Dysregulation of microglia has been critically implicated in the genesis of neuropathic pain. Peripheral nerve injury, a common cause of neuropathic pain, engages microglia-neuronal signalling which causes disinhibition and facilitated excitation of spinal nociceptive pathways. However, recent literature indicates that the role of microglia in neuropathic pain is sexually dimorphic, and that female pain processing appears to be independent of microglia, depending rather on T cells...
March 7, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265714/a-short-history-of-the-5-ht2c-receptor-from-the-choroid-plexus-to-depression-obesity-and-addiction-treatment
#17
REVIEW
Jose M Palacios, Angel Pazos, Daniel Hoyer
This paper is a personal account on the discovery and characterization of the 5-HT2C receptor (first known as the 5-HT1C receptor) over 30 years ago and how it translated into a number of unsuspected features for a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) and a diversity of clinical applications. The 5-HT2C receptor is one of the most intriguing members of the GPCR superfamily. Initially referred to as 5-HT1CR, the 5-HT2CR was discovered while studying the pharmacological features and the distribution of [(3)H]mesulergine-labelled sites, primarily in the brain using radioligand binding and slice autoradiography...
May 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238679/how-does-paying-attention-improve-sexual-functioning-in-women-a%C3%A2-review-of-mechanisms
#18
REVIEW
Nikita Arora, Lori A Brotto
INTRODUCTION: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD), consisting of a constellation of distressing sexual symptoms, is highly prevalent worldwide. Given the central role played by psychological factors in the development of FSD, psychologically and in particular mindfulness-based interventions have arisen as potential treatment options for women. Although mindfulness-based interventions have been evaluated in samples of women with gynecologic cancer; a history of sexual abuse; multiple sclerosis; and spinal cord injury; and provoked vestibulodynia, the mechanisms by which mindfulness leads to improvements in sexual functioning are largely unstudied...
February 23, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208601/surgical-neurostimulation-for-spinal-cord-injury
#19
REVIEW
Aswin Chari, Ian D Hentall, Marios C Papadopoulos, Erlick A C Pereira
Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating neurological condition characterized by a constellation of symptoms including paralysis, paraesthesia, pain, cardiovascular, bladder, bowel and sexual dysfunction. Current treatment for SCI involves acute resuscitation, aggressive rehabilitation and symptomatic treatment for complications. Despite the progress in scientific understanding, regenerative therapies are lacking. In this review, we outline the current state and future potential of invasive and non-invasive neuromodulation strategies including deep brain stimulation (DBS), spinal cord stimulation (SCS), motor cortex stimulation (MCS), transcutaneous direct current stimulation (tDCS) and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the context of SCI...
February 10, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161081/validation-of-a-self-report-questionnaire-assessing-the-bodily-and-physiological-sensations-of-orgasm
#20
Samantha Dubray, Marina Gérard, Dominic Beaulieu-Prévost, Frédérique Courtois
INTRODUCTION: Despite a plethora of research on sexual functioning during the past decades, the field is still lacking standardized measurements specifically characterizing orgasm. Although several validated tools are available to assess sexual function in healthy and clinical populations, items on orgasm are limited to frequency or dichotomous responses. A neurophysiologic model of orgasm developed from previous research in able-bodied and spinally injured populations offers a promising framework for the construction of a new questionnaire...
February 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
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