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carbohydrates counting

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537798/neonatal-morbidity-count-is-associated-with-a-reduced-likelihood-of-achieving-recommendations-for-protein-lipid-and-energy-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Dawn V Y Ng, Sharon Unger, Michelle Asbury, Alex Kiss, Rosine Bishara, Nicole Bando, Chris Tomlinson, Sharyn Gibbins, Deborah L O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Serious morbidity may elevate nutrient requirements and affect adherence to feeding guidelines for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. An understanding of factors affecting nutrient intakes of VLBW infants will facilitate development of strategies to improve nutrient provision. Our aim was to examine the impact of neonatal morbidity count on achieving recommended nutrient intakes in VLBW infants. METHODS: VLBW infants enrolled in the Donor Milk for Improved Neurodevelopmental Outcomes trial (ISRCTN35317141, n = 363) were included...
May 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535825/the-effect-of-increased-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-on-selected-macronutrient-and-micronutrient-intakes-in-four-randomised-controlled-trials
#2
Sharon L Fulton, Michelle C McKinley, Charlotte E Neville, Francina R Baldrick, Ciara Mulligan, Damian O McCall, David R McCance, J D Edgar, J S Elborn, Ian S Young, Chris C Patterson, Jayne V Woodside
Fruit and vegetable (FV) intake is associated with reduced risk of a number of non-communicable diseases. Research tends to focus on antioxidants, flavonoids and polyphenols contained in FV as the main beneficial components to health; however, increasing FV may also alter overall diet profile. Extra FV may be substituted for foods thought to be less healthy, therefore altering the overall macronutrient and/or micronutrient content in the diet. This analysis merged dietary data from four intervention studies in participants with varying health conditions and examined the effect of increased FV consumption on diet profile...
May 24, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527804/nutritive-value-and-fermentation-characteristics-of-alfalfa-mixed-grass-forage-wrapped-with-minimal-stretch-film-layers-and-stored-for-different-lengths-of-time
#3
W K Coblentz, R K Ogden, M S Akins, E A Chow
A key aspect of managing baled silages is to quickly achieve and then rigorously maintain anaerobic conditions within the silage mass. The concept of inserting an O2-limiting barrier (OB) into plastic commercial silage wraps has been evaluated previously, yielding mixed or inconclusive results. Our objective for this study was to maximize the challenge to a commercial polyethylene bale wrap, or the identical wrap containing an OB, by using minimal plastic (4 layers), and then extending storage periods as long as 357 d...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520506/urinary-nanovesicles-captured-by-lectins-or-antibodies-demonstrate-variations-in-size-and-surface-glycosylation-profile
#4
Jared Q Gerlach, Ciaran M Maguire, Anja Krüger, Lokesh Joshi, Adriele Prina-Mello, Matthew D Griffin
AIM: The use of carbohydrate-binding proteins (lectins) to isolate urinary extracellular vesicles (uEVs) was investigated and the captured subpopulations were characterized. METHODS: Pooled uEVs from multiple healthy donors were exposed to lectin-conjugated or antibody-conjugated beads. Recovered uEVs were evaluated by protein estimation, transmission electron microscopy, nanoparticle tracking analysis and lectin microarray profiling. RESULTS: uEVs isolated by lectin- and antibody-based affinity capture exhibited distinct variations in size and surface content...
May 18, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495643/humoral-immune-reconstitution-kinetics-following-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-children-a-maturation-block-of-igm-memory-b-cells-may-lead-to-impaired-antibody-immune-reconstitution
#5
Hisham Abdel-Azim, Amro Elshoury, Kris M Mahadeo, Robertson Parkman, Neena Kapoor
Although T cell immune reconstitution following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) has been well studied, long-term B cell immune reconstitution remains less characterized. We evaluated humoral immune reconstitution among 71-pediatric allo-HSCT recipients. While tetanus toxoid (TT) antibody levels were normal at 1-year post allo-HSCT, anti-polysaccharide carbohydrate (PRP) antibodies remained persistently low for up to 5-years. While naive B cell counts normalized by 6-months, IgM memory B cell deficiency persisted for up to 2-years (P=0...
May 8, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485116/effect-of-grape-pomace-on-fermentation-quality-and-aerobic-stability-of-sweet-sorghum-silage
#6
Ping Li, Yixin Shen, Minghong You, Yu Zhang, Jiajun Yan, Daxue Li, Shiqie Bai
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of grape pomace (GP) with different adding levels (0%, 5%, 10% and 15%, fresh matter basis), alone (GP-LAB) or in combine with an inoculant LAB (GP+LAB), on the fermentation quality and aerobic stability of sweet sorghum silage. After 90 days of ensiling in vacuumized mini-silos, silages were subject to a 7-day aerobic stability test, in which chemical, microbial and polyphenol composition were measured. In the GP-LAB group, adding GP decreased (P < 0...
May 8, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483560/the-influence-of-a-12-carbohydrate-electrolyte-beverage-on-self-paced-soccer-specific-exercise-performance
#7
Liam D Harper, Emma J Stevenson, Ian Rollo, Mark Russell
OBJECTIVES: To assess the physiological and performance effects of a 12% carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage consumed at practically applicable time-points (i.e., before each half) throughout simulated soccer match-play. DESIGN: Randomised, counterbalanced, crossover. METHODS: Fed players (n=15) performed 90-min of soccer-specific exercise (including self-paced exercise at the end of each half). Players consumed carbohydrate-electrolyte (CHO; 60g×500ml(-1), Na(+) 205mg×500ml(-1)), placebo-electrolyte (PL) or water (Wat) beverages at the end of the warm-up (250ml) and half-time (250ml plus ad-libitum water)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460919/effect-of-lactulose-derived-oligosaccharides-on-intestinal-microbiota-during-the-shift-between-media-with-different-energy-contents
#8
Elvira Barroso, Antonia Montilla, Nieves Corzo, Carmen Peláez, M Carmen Martínez-Cuesta, Teresa Requena
The microbiological and metabolic changes of an overweight-associated colonic microbiota after reducing in vitro the carbohydrate supply and its supplementation with oligosaccharides derived from lactulose (OsLu) were evaluated using a dynamic simulator of the gastrointestinal tract. The differentiation and stability of the microbial communities within each colon compartment were reached after two weeks of feeding the system with a high energy (HE) medium based on fructose and readily fermentable starches. The effect of reducing the energy content (low-energy medium, LE) and the supplementation with OsLu caused minor variations in bacterial counts, except for Enterobacteriaceae...
November 2016: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451833/phase-1b-study-of-galunisertib-in-combination-with-gemcitabine-in-japanese-patients-with-metastatic-or-locally-advanced-pancreatic-cancer
#9
Masafumi Ikeda, Hideaki Takahashi, Shunsuke Kondo, Michael Mauritius Fabio Lahn, Ken Ogasawara, Karim A Benhadji, Hisaki Fujii, Hideki Ueno
PURPOSE: Transforming growth factor-beta inhibitors may enhance the antitumor activity of gemcitabine with acceptable safety and tolerability. This open-label, multicenter, non-randomized phase 1b study assessed the safety/tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and tumor response of galunisertib plus gemcitabine in Japanese patients with advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer. METHODS: During each 28-day cycle, galunisertib 150 mg was administered orally twice daily (300 mg/day) for 14 days, followed by 14 days of rest...
June 2017: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433061/graphene-coated-polymeric-anion-exchangers-for-ion-chromatography
#10
Kai Zhang, Minyi Cao, Chaoyan Lou, Shuchao Wu, Peimin Zhang, Mingyu Zhi, Yan Zhu
Carbonaceous stationary phases have gained much attention for their peculiar selectivity and robustness. Herein we report the fabrication and application of a graphene-coated polymeric stationary phase for anion exchange chromatography. The graphene-coated particles were fabricated by a facile evaporation-reduction method. These hydrophilic particles were proven appropriate substrates for grafting of hyperbranched condensation polymers (HBCPs) to make pellicular anion exchangers. The new phase was characterized by zeta potentials, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetry and scanning electron microscope...
June 1, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423881/effects-of-calcium-propionate-on-the-fermentation-quality-and-aerobic-stability-of-alfalfa-silage
#11
Zhi Hao Dong, Xian Jun Yuan, Ai You Wen, Seare T Desta, Tao Shao
Objective: To assess the potency of calcium propionate used as silage additive, an experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of calcium propionate on the nitrogen transformation, fermentation quality and aerobic stability of alfalfa silages. Methods: Alfalfa was ensiled with four levels of calcium propionate (CAP; 5, 10, 15 and 20 g kg-1 of fresh weigh) in laboratory silos for 30 days. After opening, the silages were analyzed for the chemical and microbiological characteristics, and subjected to an aerobic stability test...
March 25, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418600/validation-of-a-laboratory-developed-test-of-human-sperm-capacitation
#12
Melissa A Moody, Cristina Cardona, Alana J Simpson, T Timothy Smith, Alexander J Travis, G Charles Ostermeier
Sperm must undergo capacitation to become fertilization competent. Here we validated that monosialotetrahexosylganglioside (GM1 ) localization patterns, which were assessed in the Cap-Score™ Sperm Function Test, reflect a capacitated state in human sperm. First, we defined patterns representing sperm that do or do not respond to stimuli for capacitation. Sperm with "capacitated" patterns had exposed acrosomal carbohydrates and underwent acrosome exocytosis in response to calcium ionophore (A23187). Precision was evaluated by percent change of the Cap-Score measured for 50, 100, 150, and 200 sperm...
May 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391275/carbohydrate-counting-during-pregnancy-in-women-with-type-1-diabetes-are-there-predictable-changes-that-we-should-know
#13
Roberto Luís Zagury, Melanie Rodacki, Larissa Mello de Oliveira, Claudia Saunders, Patricia de Carvalho Padilha, Lenita Zajdenverg
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Carbohydrate counting (CC) is a helpful strategy for the treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and the main parameters used in this method are the insulin to carbohydrate ratio (ICR) and the sensitivity factor (SF). Throughout pregnancy, a state of insulin resistance develops. Therefore, we hypothesized that ICR and SF change and our aim was to describe the pattern of modification of these parameters in pregnant women with T1DM on CC. METHODS: This study followed 21 women with T1DM throughout pregnancy...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382892/effect-of-12-month-intervention-with-lipid-based-nutrient-supplement-on-the-physical-activity-of-malawian-toddlers-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
A Pulakka, Y B Cheung, K Maleta, K G Dewey, C Kumwenda, J Bendabenda, U Ashorn, P Ashorn
Physical activity is beneficial for children's well-being. The effect of dietary supplementation on children's physical activity in food-insecure areas remains little studied. We examined the effects of a lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) on children's objectively measured physical activity in a randomised, controlled, outcome-assessor-blinded trial. Mothers of the children received one capsule daily of Fe-folic acid (IFA), one capsule containing eighteen micronutrients (MMN) or one 20 g sachet of LNS (containing twenty-two MMN, protein, carbohydrates, essential fatty acids and 494 kJ (118 kcal)) during pregnancy and for 6 months thereafter...
February 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340360/the-influence-of-carbohydrate-consumption-on-glycemic-control-in-pregnant-women-with-type-1-diabetes
#15
Björg Ásbjörnsdóttir, Cecelia E Akueson, Helle Ronneby, Ane Rytter, Jens R Andersen, Peter Damm, Elisabeth R Mathiesen
AIMS: To study the influence of the quantity and the quality of carbohydrate consumption on glycemic control in early pregnancy among women with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: A retrospective study of 107 women with type 1 diabetes who completed 1-3days of diet recording before first antenatal visit, as a part of routine care. The total daily carbohydrate consumption from the major sources (e.g. bread, potatoes, rice, pasta, dairy products, fruits, candy) was calculated...
December 23, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333072/detection-of-circulating-tumor-cells-using-negative-enrichment-immunofluorescence-and-an-in-situ-hybridization-system-in-pancreatic-cancer
#16
Yu Xu, Tai Qin, Jing Li, Xiuchao Wang, Chuntao Gao, Chao Xu, Jihui Hao, Jingcheng Liu, Song Gao, He Ren
Pancreatic cancer (PC) is the most lethal type of gastrointestinal cancer, and early detection and monitoring is an urgent problem. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are emerging as a non-invasive biomarker for tumor detection. However, the low sensitivity is a main problem in the traditional CellSearch System for detecting CTCs, especially in patients with PC. In this study, we used negative enrichment (NE), immunofluorescence and in situ hybridization (FISH) of chromosome 8 (NE-iFISH) to capture and identify CTCs in PC patients...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322071/an-additional-bolus-of-rapid-acting-insulin-to-normalise-postprandial-cardiovascular-risk-factors-following-a-high-carbohydrate-high-fat-meal-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Matthew D Campbell, Mark Walker, Ramzi A Ajjan, Karen M Birch, Javier T Gonzalez, Daniel J West
AIM: To evaluate an additional rapid-acting insulin bolus on postprandial lipaemia, inflammation and pro-coagulation following high-carbohydrate high-fat feeding in people with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: A total of 10 males with type 1 diabetes [HbA1c 52.5 ± 5.9 mmol/mol (7.0% ± 0.5%)] underwent three conditions: (1) a low-fat (LF) meal with normal bolus insulin, (2), a high-fat (HF) meal with normal bolus insulin and (3) a high-fat meal with normal bolus insulin with an additional 30% insulin bolus administered 3-h post-meal (HFA)...
March 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293041/association-of-socioeconomic-stratification-with-plasmatic-markers-of-lipoperoxidation-and-antioxidants-in-venezuelan-school-age-children
#18
Nelina Ruiz-Fernández, Virgilio Bosch, Maria Isabel Giacopini
OBJETIVE: To establish association between socioeconomic status and plasmatic markers of lipoperoxidation and antioxidants in Venezuelan school-age children from the middle-class and in critical poverty. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with a sample of 114 school-age children (aged 7-9). The socioeconomic status, dietary intake of macro and micro-nutrients, weight, height, lipid profile, indicators of lipid peroxidation and enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants were determined...
December 30, 2016: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273644/practices-perceptions-and-expectations-for-carbohydrate-counting-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-results-from-an-online-survey
#19
Andréanne Fortin, Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret, Amélie Roy-Fleming, Katherine Desjardins, Anne-Sophie Brazeau, Martin Ladouceur, Véronique Gingras
AIMS: Characterize adult patients with diabetes on intensive insulin therapy in terms of: (a) practices and perceived difficulties relative to carbohydrate counting (CC) and diabetes treatment, and (b) their perceptions and expectations relative to CC. METHODS: Participants completed a 30-question web-based questionnaire. RESULTS: Participants with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and using CC as part of their treatment plan (n=180) were included in this analysis...
February 22, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264177/a-randomized-controlled-study-of-an-insulin-dosing-application-that-uses-recognition-and-meal-bolus-estimations
#20
Ewa Pańkowska, Piotr Ładyżyński, Piotr Foltyński, Karolina Mazurczak
BACKGROUND: Throughout the insulin pump therapy, decisions of prandial boluses programming are taken by patients individually a few times every day, and, moreover, this complex process requires numerical skills and knowledge in nutrition components estimation. The aim of the study was to determine the impact of the expert system, supporting the patient's decision on meal bolus programming, on the time in range of diurnal glucose excursion in patients treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII)...
January 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
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