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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322071/an-additional-bolus-of-rapid-acting-insulin-to-normalise-postprandial-cardiovascular-risk-factors-following-a-high-carbohydrate-high-fat-meal-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Matthew D Campbell, Mark Walker, Ramzi A Ajjan, Karen M Birch, Javier T Gonzalez, Daniel J West
AIM: To evaluate an additional rapid-acting insulin bolus on postprandial lipaemia, inflammation and pro-coagulation following high-carbohydrate high-fat feeding in people with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: A total of 10 males with type 1 diabetes [HbA1c 52.5 ± 5.9 mmol/mol (7.0% ± 0.5%)] underwent three conditions: (1) a low-fat (LF) meal with normal bolus insulin, (2), a high-fat (HF) meal with normal bolus insulin and (3) a high-fat meal with normal bolus insulin with an additional 30% insulin bolus administered 3-h post-meal (HFA)...
March 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293041/association-of-socioeconomic-stratification-with-plasmatic-markers-of-lipoperoxidation-and-antioxidants-in-venezuelan-school-age-children
#2
Nelina Ruiz-Fernández, Virgilio Bosch, Maria Isabel Giacopini
OBJETIVE: To establish association between socioeconomic status and plasmatic markers of lipoperoxidation and antioxidants in Venezuelan school-age children from the middle-class and in critical poverty. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with a sample of 114 school-age children (aged 7-9). The socioeconomic status, dietary intake of macro and micro-nutrients, weight, height, lipid profile, indicators of lipid peroxidation and enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants were determined...
December 30, 2016: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273644/practices-perceptions-and-expectations-for-carbohydrate-counting-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-results-from-an-online-survey
#3
Andréanne Fortin, Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret, Amélie Roy-Fleming, Katherine Desjardins, Anne-Sophie Brazeau, Martin Ladouceur, Véronique Gingras
AIMS: Characterize adult patients with diabetes on intensive insulin therapy in terms of: (a) practices and perceived difficulties relative to carbohydrate counting (CC) and diabetes treatment, and (b) their perceptions and expectations relative to CC. METHODS: Participants completed a 30-question web-based questionnaire. RESULTS: Participants with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and using CC as part of their treatment plan (n=180) were included in this analysis...
February 22, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264177/a-randomized-controlled-study-of-an-insulin-dosing-application-that-uses-recognition-and-meal-bolus-estimations
#4
Ewa Pańkowska, Piotr Ładyżyński, Piotr Foltyński, Karolina Mazurczak
BACKGROUND: Throughout the insulin pump therapy, decisions of prandial boluses programming are taken by patients individually a few times every day, and, moreover, this complex process requires numerical skills and knowledge in nutrition components estimation. The aim of the study was to determine the impact of the expert system, supporting the patient's decision on meal bolus programming, on the time in range of diurnal glucose excursion in patients treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII)...
January 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240162/effects-of-dietary-non-fiber-carbohydrates-on-composition-and-function-of-gut-microbiome-in-monogastrics-a-review
#5
Hailong Jiang, Dongsheng Che, Guixin Qin, Xiangjie Kong, Mohammed Hamdy Farouk
Non-fiber carbohydrates (NFC) have a crucial function on the gut health of monogastrics. This paper aims to review the relevant published materials on the influence of NFC's on the gut's microbial population and composition in monogastrics, and points out the areas of the required research. Total bacteria count and Lactobacillus sp. were decreased with an increase in composition of dietary NFC intake, as well as accompanied by a decrease in the short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) levels. Consequently, some metabolites were affected by the accumulation of the bile acids, including molecules which control different gene expression levels, as regulators involved in glucose (FXR and TGR5) and fat metabolism (cholesterol)...
February 23, 2017: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230832/specific-interactions-between-lectins-and-red-blood-cells-of-chornobyl-cleanup-workers-as-indicator-of-some-late-radiation-effects
#6
I S Karpova
AIM: Growing interest in lectins is based on their diagnostic and pharmacological potential, especially the ability to inhibit proliferation and initiate apoptosis of cancer cells. In our research microplate lectinoassay able to detect carbohydrate containing structures (receptors) on erythrocyte surface have been proposed for Chornobyl cleanup workers (1986) monitoring. It was expected to reveal specific abnormalities associated with pathological condition arising as a result of late radiation effects...
December 2016: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152597/gc-ms-metabolomics-identifies-metabolite-alterations-that-precede-subclinical-mastitis-in-the-blood-of-transition-dairy-cows
#7
Elda Dervishi, Guanshi Zhang, Suzanna M Dunn, Rupasri Mandal, David S Wishart, Burim N Ametaj
The objectives of this study were to determine alterations in the serum metabolites related to amino acid (AA), carbohydrate, and lipid metabolism in transition dairy cows before diagnosis of subclinical mastitis (SCM), during, and after diagnosis of disease. A subclinical mastitis case was determined as a cow having somatic cell count (SCC) > 200 000/mL of milk for two or more consecutive reports. Blood samples were collected from 100 Holstein dairy cows at five time points at -8 and -4 weeks before parturition, at the week of SCM diagnosis, and +4 and +8 weeks after parturition...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146141/type-1-diabetes-from-adolescence-to-adulthood-is-there-a-permanent-need-for-nutrition-education-and-reeducation
#8
Maja Baretić, Martina Matovinović Osvatić, Eva Pavić, Nada Rabađija, Valentina Uroić, Carolina Koletić, Nataša Rojnić Putarek, Ivana Pavlić Renar
BACKGROUND: The transition for type 1 diabetes patients from paediatric to adult diabetology care is challenging process for both medical team and patients. Adult diabetology usually insists on stricter goals and focuses on increased empowerment and self-care. We set to find a more practical and effective way to determine patient knowledge and skills during the transition. The aim of the study was to identify screening questions which best represent knowledge in management of type 1 diabetes and to explore the differences in the effect of a structured educational program for type 1 diabetes patient diagnosed in childhood versus adulthood...
January 31, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131960/three-species-biofilm-model-onto-plasma-treated-titanium-implant-surface
#9
Adaias O Matos, Antônio P Ricomini-Filho, Thamara Beline, Erika S Ogawa, Bárbara E Costa-Oliveira, Amanda B de Almeida, Francisco H Nociti Junior, Elidiane C Rangel, Nilson C da Cruz, Cortino Sukotjo, Mathew T Mathew, Valentim A R Barão
In this study, titanium (Ti) was modified with biofunctional and novel surface by micro-arc oxidation (MAO) and glow discharge plasma (GDP) and we tested the development of a three-species periodontopatogenic biofilm onto the treated commercially-pure titanium (cpTi) surfaces. Machined and sandblasted surfaces were used as control group. Several techniques for surface characterizations and monoculture on bone tissue cells were performed. A multispecies biofilm composed of Streptococcus sanguinis, Actinomyces naeslundii and Fusobacterium nucleatum was developed onto cpTi discs for 16...
April 1, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126555/bactericidal-activity-of-fish-galectin-4-derived-membrane-binding-peptide-tagged-with-oligotryptophan
#10
Abirami Arasu, Venkatesh Kumaresan, Munuswamy-Ramanujam Ganesh, Mukesh Pasupuleti, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Jesu Arockiaraj
Galectins belong to the family of galactoside-binding proteins which act as pathogen recognition receptors by recognizing and binding to the carbohydrate present in the bacterial membranes. In this study, a Galectin-4 sequence was identified from the constructed cDNA library of Channa striatus and its structural features were reported. Gene expression analysis revealed that CsGal4 was highly expressed in liver and strongly induced by Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome (EUS) causing pathogens such as Aphanomyces invadans, Aeromonas hydrophila and a viral analogue, poly I:C...
January 23, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122364/cariogenic-potential-of-sucrose-associated-with-maltodextrin-on-dental-enamel
#11
Gabriela Rezende, Rodrigo A Arthur, Debora Grando, Lina N Hashizume
Maltodextrin is a hydrolysate of cornstarch and has been widely used in the food industry associated with sucrose. The addition of starch can increase the cariogenic potential of sucrose; however, there are sparse data regarding the cariogenicity of sucrose associated with maltodextrin. Therefore, the aim of this study was to test in situ if maltodextrin could increase the cariogenic potential of sucrose. This was an in situ, randomized, crossover, split-mouth, and double-blind study. Volunteers wore palatal appliances containing bovine enamel blocks for 2 periods of 14 days...
2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105235/impact-of-chemotherapy-on-eosinophilia-associated-advanced-rectal-cancer-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Maki Inoue, Jun Kadono, Hiroshi Sugita, Toshihiro Nakazono, Shunsuke Motoi, Iwao Kitazono, Yuko Goto, Yoshihiko Fukukura, Makoto Yoshimitsu, Takaharu Misaka, Yutaka Imoto
The present study reports a case of eosinophilia-associated rectal cancer that was successfully stabilized using chemotherapy, and reviews the mechanisms of eosinophilia and the importance of chemotherapy. A 65-year-old man, who had previously been diagnosed with suspected rectal cancer, presented with the chief complaint of melena. Eosinophilia, abnormal blood coagulation, and elevated carcinoembryonic antigen and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 tumor marker levels were observed, and the patient was subsequently diagnosed with advanced rectal cancer accompanied by multiple lymph node metastases that extended from the para-aortic lymph nodes to the left axillary lymph nodes...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098426/dapagliflozin-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-the-effect-of-insulin-dose-adjustments-on-24-hour-continuously-monitored-mean-glucose-and-fasting-beta-hydroxybutyrate-levels-from-a-phase-iia-pilot-study
#13
Robert R Henry, Paresh Dandona, Jeremy Pettus, Sunder Mudaliar, John Xu, Lars Hansen
AIMS: To investigate the effects of total daily insulin dose (TDD) reductions on 24-hour continuously monitored mean glucose and fasting beta-hydroxybutyrate (a marker for diabetic ketosis/ketoacidosis [DKA]) using patient-level data from a 14-day, pilot study of dapagliflozin in type 1 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Exploratory correlation analysis was performed post-hoc to determine the relationship between change in TDD and a) 24-hour mean glucose (by continuous glucose monitoring) and b) fasting beta-hydroxybutyrate, in 70 patients with type 1 diabetes receiving insulin and dapagliflozin (1-, 2...
January 18, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086790/rna-sequencing-for-global-gene-expression-associated-with-muscle-growth-in-a-single-male-modern-broiler-line-compared-to-a-foundational-barred-plymouth-rock-chicken-line
#14
Byung-Whi Kong, Nicholas Hudson, Dongwon Seo, Seok Lee, Bhuwan Khatri, Kentu Lassiter, Devin Cook, Alissa Piekarski, Sami Dridi, Nicholas Anthony, Walter Bottje
BACKGROUND: Modern broiler chickens exhibit very rapid growth and high feed efficiency compared to unselected chicken breeds. The improved production efficiency in modern broiler chickens was achieved by the intensive genetic selection for meat production. This study was designed to investigate the genetic alterations accumulated in modern broiler breeder lines during selective breeding conducted over several decades. METHODS: To identify genes important in determining muscle growth and feed efficiency in broilers, RNA sequencing (RNAseq) was conducted with breast muscle in modern pedigree male (PeM) broilers (n = 6 per group), and with an unselected foundation broiler line (Barred Plymouth Rock; BPR)...
January 13, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075383/soluble-fibre-meal-challenge-reduces-airway-inflammation-and-expression-of-gpr43-and-gpr41-in-asthma
#15
Isabel Halnes, Katherine J Baines, Bronwyn S Berthon, Lesley K MacDonald-Wicks, Peter G Gibson, Lisa G Wood
Short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are produced following the fermentation of soluble fibre by gut bacteria. In animal models, both dietary fibre and SCFAs have demonstrated anti-inflammatory effects via the activation of free fatty acid receptors, such as G protein-coupled receptor 41 and 43 (GPR41 and GPR43). This pilot study examined the acute effect of a single dose of soluble fibre on airway inflammation-including changes in gene expression of free fatty acid receptors-in asthma. Adults with stable asthma consumed a soluble fibre meal (n = 17) containing 3...
January 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070321/nutritional-composition-quality-and-shelf-stability-of-processed-ruspolia-nitidula-edible-grasshoppers
#16
Geoffrey Ssepuuya, Ivan Muzira Mukisa, Dorothy Nakimbugwe
The nutritional and commercial potential of the edible grasshopper (Ruspolia nitidula, nsenene in Luganda), a delicacy in Uganda and many East African tribes, is limited by a short shelf life and unverified nutritional value. This research established that R. nitidula is nutritious with 36-40% protein, 41-43% fat, 2.5-3.2% carbohydrate, 2.6-3.9% ash, 11.0-14.5% dietary fiber, and 900-2300 μg/100 g total carotenoids on a dry matter basis. Sautéing was the most preferred processing method resulting in grasshoppers with a notably better aroma and flavor...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061743/shotgun-proteomics-of-the-barley-seed-proteome
#17
Ramamurthy Mahalingam
BACKGROUND: Barley seed proteins are of prime importance to the brewing industry, human and animal nutrition and in plant breeding for cultivar identification. To obtain comprehensive proteomic data from seeds, total protein from a two-rowed (Conrad) and a six-rowed (Lacey) barley cultivar were precipitated in acetone, digested in-solution, and the resulting peptides were analyzed by nano-liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. RESULTS: The raw mass spectra data searched against Uniprot's Barley database using in-house Mascot search engine identified 1168 unique proteins...
January 6, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040172/reassessment-of-the-succession-of-lactic-acid-bacteria-in-commercial-cucumber-fermentations-and-physiological-and-genomic-features-associated-with-their-dominance
#18
I M Pérez-Díaz, J Hayes, E Medina, K Anekella, K Daughtry, S Dieck, M Levi, R Price, N Butz, Z Lu, M A Azcarate-Peril
A compositional re-assessment of the microbiota present in commercial cucumber fermentation using culture independent and dependent methods was conducted, with emphasis on lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Two commercial cucumber fermentation tanks were monitored by measuring pH, dissolved oxygen and temperature, and used as sources of samples for microbial plating, genomic DNA extraction and measurement of organic acids and carbohydrates by HPLC. Six additional commercial tanks were included to identify the dominant microorganisms using molecular methods...
May 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007348/home-use-of-a-bihormonal-bionic-pancreas-versus-insulin-pump-therapy-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-multicentre-randomised-crossover-trial
#19
Firas H El-Khatib, Courtney Balliro, Mallory A Hillard, Kendra L Magyar, Laya Ekhlaspour, Manasi Sinha, Debbie Mondesir, Aryan Esmaeili, Celia Hartigan, Michael J Thompson, Samir Malkani, J Paul Lock, David M Harlan, Paula Clinton, Eliana Frank, Darrell M Wilson, Daniel DeSalvo, Lisa Norlander, Trang Ly, Bruce A Buckingham, Jamie Diner, Milana Dezube, Laura A Young, April Goley, M Sue Kirkman, John B Buse, Hui Zheng, Rajendranath R Selagamsetty, Edward R Damiano, Steven J Russell
BACKGROUND: The safety and effectiveness of a continuous, day-and-night automated glycaemic control system using insulin and glucagon has not been shown in a free-living, home-use setting. We aimed to assess whether bihormonal bionic pancreas initialised only with body mass can safely reduce mean glycaemia and hypoglycaemia in adults with type 1 diabetes who were living at home and participating in their normal daily routines without restrictions on diet or physical activity. METHODS: We did a random-order crossover study in volunteers at least 18 years old who had type 1 diabetes and lived within a 30 min drive of four sites in the USA...
January 28, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984485/platelet-%C3%A3-crp-multiplier-value-as-an-indicator-of-poor-prognosis-in-patients-with-resectable-pancreatic-cancer
#20
Ryoichi Miyamoto, Tatsuya Oda, Shinji Hashimoto, Tomohiro Kurokawa, Keisuke Kohno, Yoshimasa Akashi, Yusuke Ohara, Keiichi Yamada, Tsuyoshi Enomoto, Nobuhiro Ohkohchi
OBJECTIVE: Thrombocytosis in patients with various cancers has been considered a parameter for poor prognosis; however, its contribution to pancreatic cancer remains controversial. METHODS: Potential preoperative prognostic parameters (platelets, neutrophils, lymphocytes, the platelet-lymphocyte ratio, the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, the serum C-reactive protein [CRP], and carbohydrate antigen 19-9) were retrospectively analyzed in 95 patients with pancreatic cancer...
January 2017: Pancreas
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