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Obesity and nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791651/relationship-between-adiponectin-and-leptin-on-osteocalcin-in-obese-adolescents-during-weight-loss-therapy
#1
Raquel Munhoz da Silveira Campos, Deborah Cristina Landi Masquio, Flávia Campos Corgosinho, Joana Pereira de Carvalho-Ferreira, Bárbara Dal Molin Netto, Ana Paula Grotti Clemente, Lian Tock, Sergio Tufik, Marco Túlio de Mello, Ana Raimunda Dâmaso
OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a multifactorial disease characterized by the presence of the pro-inflammatory state associated with the development of many comorbidities, including bone turnover marker alterations. This study aimed to investigate the role of the inflammatory state on bone turnover markers in obese adolescents undergoing interdisciplinary weight loss treatment for one year. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty four post-pubescent obese adolescents with primary obesity, a body mass index (BMI) greater than > 95th percentile of the CDC reference growth charts, participated in the present investigation...
May 17, 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790110/prevalence-of-hyperuricemia-and-its-associated-factors-in-the-general-korean-population-an-analysis-of-a-population-based-nationally-representative-sample
#2
Yunkyung Kim, Jihun Kang, Geun-Tae Kim
Hyperuricemia is not only a risk factor for gout but also an independent determinant of hypertension, diabetes, and chronic kidney diseases. Although the incidence of gout in Korean adults is increasing, epidemiologic studies on hyperuricemia in the general Korean population are limited. Thus, this study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of hyperuricemia and its associated factors among non-institutionalized Korean adults. The present study included 5548 participants (2403 men and 3145 women) aged ≥ 19 years from The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788977/exposure-to-a-multi-level-multi-component-childhood-obesity-prevention-community-randomized-controlled-trial-patterns-determinants-and-implications
#3
Angela Cristina Bizzotto Trude, Anna Yevgenyevna Kharmats, Jessica C Jones-Smith, Joel Gittelsohn
BACKGROUND: For community interventions to be effective in real-world conditions, participants need to have sufficient exposure to the intervention. It is unclear how the dose and intensity of the intervention differ among study participants in low-income areas. We aimed to understand patterns of exposure to different components of a multi-level multi-component obesity prevention program to inform our future impact analyses. METHODS: B'more Healthy Communities for Kids (BHCK) was a community-randomized controlled trial implemented in 28 low-income zones in Baltimore in two rounds (waves)...
May 22, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788914/nutrition-care-practices-of-primary-care-providers-for-weight-management-in-multidisciplinary-primary-care-settings-in-ontario-canada-a-qualitative-study
#4
Stephanie Aboueid, Ivy Bourgeault, Isabelle Giroux
BACKGROUND: Despite the recommended guidelines on addressing diet for the management and prevention of obesity in primary care, the literature highlights that their implementation has been suboptimal. In this paper, we provide an in-depth understanding of current nutrition-related weight management practices of primary care providers (PCPs) working in relatively new multidisciplinary health care settings in Ontario. METHODS: Three types of multidisciplinary primary care settings were included (2 Family Health Teams, 3 Community Health Centres and 1 Nurse Practitioner-Led Clinic)...
May 22, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788706/the-association-between-10-year-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-diseases-risk-score-calculated-using-2013-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-guidelines-and-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-level-among-aged-40-79-years-in-korea-the-sixth-korea
#5
Mun Hee Kim, Young Sang Kim, Hye Jin Oh, Yu Ri Kwon, Hye Won Kim
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationship between 10-year predicted atherosclerosis cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk score and 25-hydroxyvitamin D in Koreans aged 40-79 years. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional design was used from data based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2014. RESULTS: A total of 1,134 healthy Koreans aged 40-79 years were included. A positive relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level and ASCVD score was shown in women (β=0...
May 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788705/the-risk-of-microalbuminuria-by-obesity-phenotypes-according-to-metabolic-health-and-obesity-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2014
#6
Inyoung Choi, Heesun Moon, So Young Kang, Hyeonyoung Ko, Jinyoung Shin, Jungkwon Lee
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed at identifying the difference in the risk of microalbuminuria among individuals with various obesity phenotypes in terms of metabolic health and obesity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 15,268 individuals and used data from the National Health and Nutrition Survey conducted from 2011 to 2014. Obesity was defined as body mass index ≥25 kg/m². Metabolically unhealthy was defined as meeting two or more of the following criteria: systolic and diastolic blood pressure ≥130/85 mm Hg or current use of hypertensive drugs; triglyceride level ≥150 mg/dL; high-density lipoprotein level <40/50 mg/dL (in both men and women); and fasting blood glucose level ≥100 mg/dL or current use of oral antidiabetic medications...
May 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788703/effects-of-age-at-first-childbirth-and-other-factors-on-central-obesity-in-postmenopausal-women-the-2013-2015-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#7
Wang Jin Lee, Jung Won Yoon, Joo Ha Lee, Byoung Gyu Kwag, Shin Hae Chang, Yu Jin Choi
BACKGROUND: Waist circumference is one of the key components of metabolic syndrome. Recent studies demonstrated that the reproductive profile was associated with metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women. This study focused on the association between central obesity and age at first childbirth. It also considered other factors associated with central obesity in postmenopausal women. METHODS: This study was based on the 2013-2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and involved 3,143 naturally postmenopausal women...
May 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788220/obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-and-metabolic-diseases
#8
Min Li, Xiaoying Li, Yan Lu
With the rapid changes of lifestyle in modern society, including high nutritional intake and reduced physical activity, the incidence of metabolic diseases is increasing year by year. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a sleep disorder, usually characterized by sudden pauses of breathing during sleep with interrupted sleep rhythm. Although the pathological mechanism remains poorly understood, it is strongly associated with metabolic diseases, including obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)...
May 18, 2018: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786140/gender-differences-in-the-association-of-periodontitis-and-type-2-diabetes
#9
Ying Liu, Yang Yu, Jeffrey C Nickel, Laura R Iwasaki, Peipei Duan, Melanie Simmer-Beck, Laura Brown
AIMS: THE OBJECTIVE WAS TO INVESTIGATE IF GENDER DIFFERENCES EXIST IN THE ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN PERIODONTITIS AND TYPE 2 DIABETES. DISPROPORTIONATE DISPARITIES BY GENDER WERE FOUND TO EXIST IN RATES OF BOTH PERIODONTITIS AND DIABETES WITH RESPECT TO DEMOGRAPHICS AND BEHAVIOURAL PREDICTORS THAT CANNOT BE EXPLAINED SOLELY BY THE WELL-ESTABLISHED ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THESE TWO DISEASES. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MULTIPLE DATASETS WERE EXTRACTED FROM THE NATIONAL HEALTH AND NUTRITION EXAMINATION SURVEY (NHANES) 2009-2014, WHICH USED A STRATIFIED MULTISTAGE PROBABILITY SAMPLING TO OBTAIN SAMPLES FROM ALL CIVILIAN NON-INSTITUTIONALISED PEOPLE IN THE USA...
May 22, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785941/life-style-and-risk-of-atypical-eating-disorders-in-university-students-reality-versus-perception
#10
Olga Castelao-Naval, Ascensión Blanco-Fernández, Carmen Marina Meseguer-Barros, Israel J Thuissard-Vasallo, Begoña Cerdá, Mar Larrosa
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this paper were to determine weight status, eating, and alcohol drinking and smoking habits of university students, to determine the association between these variables with negative self-perception of their eating habits and to assess the risk of developing eating disorders. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 422 university students. The parameters analyzed were: nutritional status, eating habits, alcohol/ tobacco consumption, and risk of eating disorder...
May 18, 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785306/overweight-and-undernutrition-in-the-cases-of-school-going-adolescents-in-wolaita-sodo-town-southern-ethiopia-cross-sectional-study
#11
Dereje Yohannes Teferi, Gudina Egata Atomssa, Tefera Chane Mekonnen
Background: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of malnutrition and associated factors among school adolescents in Wolaita Sodo town, Southern Ethiopia. Methods: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted from May 18-June 10, 2015. A multistage sampling was used to select a random sample of 690 adolescents from selected schools. Data on sociodemographic information were collected by using an interviewer-administered questionnaire, and anthropometric measurements were made by using a digital Seca scale and height measuring board by trained data collectors...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785173/phytochemicals-that-influence-gut-microbiota-as-prophylactics-and-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-and-inflammatory-diseases
#12
REVIEW
Lucrecia Carrera-Quintanar, Rocío I López Roa, Saray Quintero-Fabián, Marina A Sánchez-Sánchez, Barbara Vizmanos, Daniel Ortuño-Sahagún
Gut microbiota (GM) plays several crucial roles in host physiology and influences several relevant functions. In more than one respect, it can be said that you "feed your microbiota and are fed by it." GM diversity is affected by diet and influences metabolic and immune functions of the host's physiology. Consequently, an imbalance of GM, or dysbiosis, may be the cause or at least may lead to the progression of various pathologies such as infectious diseases, gastrointestinal cancers, inflammatory bowel disease, and even obesity and diabetes...
2018: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785132/influence-of-fto-rs9939609-polymorphism-on-appetite-ghrelin-leptin-il6-tnf%C3%AE-levels-and-food-intake-of-women-with-morbid-obesity
#13
Fernanda Cristina Carvalho Mattos Magno, Helena Chrispim Guaraná, Ana Carolina Proença Fonseca, Giselda Maria Kalil Cabello, João Régis Ivar Carneiro, Aline Pereira Pedrosa, Ana Carolina Ximenes, Eliane Lopes Rosado
Background: The fat mass and obesity-related ( FTO ) gene has a strong relationship with obesity, extreme obesity and inflammatory state, and may also be associated with food intake regulation. Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of the rs9939609 single-nucleotide polymorphism of the FTO gene on appetite, ghrelin, leptin, interleukin 6 (IL6), tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) levels and food intake of morbidly obese women. Materials and methods: The study comprised 70 women, aged between 20 and 48 years, from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
2018: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784967/the-cardiometabolic-burden-of-self-perceived-obesity-a-multilevel-analysis-of-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-korean-adults
#14
Yongjoo Kim, S Bryn Austin, S V Subramanian, Ichiro Kawachi
Emerging evidence has shown that self-perception of overweight/obese status is associated with unfavorable cardiometabolic outcomes, above and beyond actual body weight. Given the lack of research among Asian populations, we examined the association between weight perception and metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiometabolic risks among Koreans. Data from the 2010-2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, including women (N = 12,181) and men (N = 9,448) aged 19-65 years, were analyzed...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783781/nutraceuticals-in-periodontal-health-a-systematic-review-on-the-role-of-vitamins-in-periodontal-health-maintenance
#15
REVIEW
Alfonso Varela-López, María D Navarro-Hortal, Francesca Giampieri, Pedro Bullón, Maurizio Battino, José L Quiles
Periodontal disease, a relevant public health problem worldwide, is generally considered a common pathology of elderly people. In this respect, there is agreement about that nutritional status may be a modifying factor in the progression and healing of the periodontal tissues. Vitamins have been recommended as nutraceuticals for prevention and treatment of some pathological conditions, such as cardiovascular diseases, obesity or cancer. Thus, a systematic approach to determining how the different vitamin type could ameliorate periodontal risks or improve periodontal health is necessary to further the understanding of the potential benefits and risks of vitamins supplementation use...
May 20, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783205/individual-approach-to-the-treatment-of-obese-copd-patients-can-reduce-anthropometric-indicators-the-level-of-systemic-inflammation-and-improve-the-quality-of-life
#16
Lesia V Savchenko, Igor P Kaidashev
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obesity are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and according to current estimates, the global burden of these conditions will be even greater. The basis for COPD treatment is bronchodilator therapy and non-pharmacotherapy approaches, such as respiratory rehabilitation and dietary counseling. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of lifestyle modification on anthropometric indices, markers of systemic inflammation, quality of life in patients with COPD and obesity...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779834/economic-evaluation-of-a-multi-disciplinary-community-based-intervention-programme-for-new-zealand-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity
#17
Yvonne C Anderson, William Leung, Cameron C Grant, Tami L Cave, José G B Derraik, Wayne S Cutfield, Nicola M Pereira, Paul L Hofman, Trudy A Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Whānau Pakari, a home-based, 12-month multi-disciplinary child obesity intervention programme was cost-effective when compared with the prior conventional hospital-based model of care. METHODS: Whānau Pakari trial participants were recruited January 2012-August 2014, and randomised to either a high-intensity intervention (weekly sessions for 12 months with home-based assessments and advice, n=100) or low-intensity control (home-based assessments and advice only, n=99)...
May 17, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779823/the-role-of-thiamine-dependent-enzymes-in-obesity-and-obesity-related-chronic-disease-states-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Donogh Maguire, Dinesh Talwar, Paul G Shiels, Donald McMillan
The WHO 2016 report indicates that worldwide obesity is rising, with over 600 million people in the obese range (BMI>30). The recommended daily calorie intake for adults is 2000 kcal and 2500 kcal for women and men respectively. The average American consumes 3770 kcal/day and the average person in the UK consumes 3400 kcal/day. With such increased caloric intake, there is an increased load on metabolic pathways, in particular glucose metabolism. Such metabolism requires micronutrients as enzyme co-factors...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777864/effectiveness-on-maternal-and-offspring-metabolic-control-of-a-home-based-dietary-counseling-intervention-and-dha-supplementation-in-obese-overweight-pregnant-women-might-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study-protocol
#19
María Luisa Garmendia, Camila Corvalán, Paola Casanello, B Marcela Araya, Marcela Flores, Alfredo Bravo, Juan Pedro Kusanovic, Pablo Olmos, Ricardo Uauy
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions are the primary prevention strategy for gestational diabetes (GDM) in obese/overweight women; however, these interventions have shown limited effectiveness. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) intake has shown beneficial effects on glucose metabolism, lipid fractions and inflammatory factors in women who already have GDM. Combining PUFAs supplementation with a lifestyle intervention could achieve lower increase of glucose levels by improving insulin sensitivity...
May 16, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777245/growth-assessment-and-monitoring-during-childhood
#20
Fabian Yap, Yung Seng Lee, Marion Margaret Hy Aw
Growth is an indicator of the health and nutritional status of infants and children. Health organisations and professionals worldwide advocate monitoring the growth of children with the primary aim of identifying and preventing malnutrition and/or obesity. Growth monitoring should be part of every health care consultation for children. However, physicians during health care consultations are often so busy addressing acute health issues, that they miss the opportunity to monitor the child's growth and provide anticipatory guidance...
April 2018: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
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