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sleep related breathing disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161199/intranasal-budesonide-and-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-sleep-disordered-breathing-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Gunnhildur Gudnadottir, Eva Ellegård, Johan Hellgren
Objective To study the efficacy of budesonide nasal spray on the health-related quality of life and symptoms among children with sleep-disordered breathing. Study Design Randomized, parallel, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Setting Tertiary referral center. Subjects and Methods Sixty children (ages, 4-10 years) who were referred because of snoring and/or apneas for >3 months were included between January 2015 and June 2016 and randomized in a double-blind design to treatment with 64 μg/mL of budesonide nasal spray (n = 30) or placebo nasal spray (n = 30) twice daily for 6 weeks...
November 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160555/the-effect-of-sleep-disorders-sedating-medications-and-depression-on-cognitive-processing-therapy-outcomes-a-fuzzy-set-qualitative-comparative-analysis
#2
Patricia L Haynes, Sarah E Emert, Dana Epstein, Suzanne Perkins, Sairam Parthasarathy, James Wilcox
Cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an effortful process requiring engagement in cognitive restructuring. Sleep disorders may lead to avoidance of effortful tasks and cognitive performance deficits. We explored whether sleep disorders, as assessed by polysomnography, were consistently associated with treatment response in combination with other factors. This study included 32 U.S. veterans who were examined both before and after CPT for combat-related PTSD. We employed a novel, case-comparative technique, fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA), to identify combinations of fuzzy and crisp factors (recipes) that achieve a clinically significant outcome...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142787/sleep-apnea-symptoms-and-cardiovascular-disease-risks-among-haitian-medical-students
#3
Diana M Rosenthal, Donaldson F Conserve, Dodley Severe, Michaele A Gedeon, Ferdinand Zizi, Georges Casimir, Samy I McFarlane, Girardin Jean Louis
Sleep apnea is a prevalent sleep disorder that disproportionately affects blacks and has been previously studied among Caribbean-born blacks in Brooklyn, New York, but there has been negligible research in the Caribbean, specifically Haiti, and developing countries on this pressing health issue. A total of 373 medical students (mean age=20.6 years ± 2.3 years) from a medical school in Haiti participated in this study. Participants were administered a questionnaire assessing their sleep health and cardiovascular outcomes...
April 2017: Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120885/habitual-snoring-at-age-3-years-links-with-parent-rated-remembering-in-daily-life-and-academic-achievement-at-age-7-years
#4
Rebekah Luo, Barbara C Galland, Amelia I Gill, Patrick Dawes, Elizabeth Schaughency
OBJECTIVE: Habitual snoring in school-aged children is well known to link with poorer cognitive functioning and academic performance, but few studies have explored later developmental outcomes related to snoring initiated in early childhood. The aims of this study were to examine whether habitual snoring at age 3 years predicted perceived memory and academic functioning at age 7 years. METHODS: Parents (n = 460) of children aged 7 years 2 ± 5 months completed a community follow-up survey about their perceptions of their child's sleep and health, memory in daily activities, and academic performance relevant to numeracy and literacy skills...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109068/obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-women-study-of-speech-and-craniofacial-characteristics
#5
Marina Tyan, Fernando Espinoza-Cuadros, Rubén Fernández Pozo, Doroteo Toledano, Eduardo Lopez Gonzalo, Jose Daniel Alcazar Ramirez, Luis Alfonso Hernandez Gomez
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder characterized by frequent cessation of breathing lasting 10 seconds or longer. The diagnosis of OSA is performed through an expensive procedure, which requires an overnight stay at the hospital. This has led to several proposals based on the analysis of patients' facial images and speech recordings as an attempt to develop simpler and cheaper methods to diagnose OSA. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze possible relationships between OSA and speech and facial features on a female population and whether these possible connections may be affected by the specific clinical characteristics in OSA population and, more specifically, to explore how the connection between OSA and speech and facial features can be affected by gender...
November 6, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106859/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-bardet-biedl-syndrome
#6
Jeffrey C Yeung, Umakanth A Katwa, Gi Soo Lee
INTRODUCTION: Bardet-Biedl Syndrome (BBS) is an autosomal recessive ciliopathy, and obesity is among its defining characteristics. Consequently, the incidence of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in this population is expected to be high. Due to its relative rarity, the nature of SDB in this population is poorly described. The objective of this study was to review a single institutional experience in the assessment and management of SDB in patients with BBS. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of tertiary care, academic pediatric hospital...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106763/higher-prevalence-and-increased-severity-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-male-patients-with-chronic-tinnitus-our-experience-with-173-cases
#7
Jen-Tsung Lai, Ping-Hung Shen, Che-Yang Lin, Chun-Lin Liu, Tien-Chen Liu
Tinnitus and sleep are closely related. One of the most important aspects of tinnitus is its association with sleep disturbance. According to the literature, up to 71% of patients with tinnitus report sleep problems (1); furthermore, insomnia is also associated with more distressing tinnitus (2). Conversely, sleep disturbance was proposed as one of the causes of chronic tinnitus (3). The relationship of tinnitus with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSAS) has rarely been mentioned (4)...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105265/sleep-disordered-breathing-management-update
#8
Anna Mohammadieh, Kate Sutherland, Peter A Cistulli
The term sleep disordered breathing encompasses a spectrum of abnormalities, including snoring, obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), central sleep apnoea (CSA), respiratory-related arousals and hypoventilation. This review focuses on both OSA and CSA. It provides a clinical update of recent advances in the diagnosis, management and prognosis of these two conditions. An increasing array of treatment modalities, particularly for OSA, broadens the opportunity for personalised therapy tailored to the individual patient...
November 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066388/maternal-sleep-apnea
#9
REVIEW
Sushmita Pamidi, R John Kimoff
Emerging literature suggests that sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) worsens over the course of pregnancy and is associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Earlier studies, using mainly snoring as a surrogate marker for SDB, have shown an increase in the prevalence of SDB during pregnancy compared with that in the pregravid state. More recently, prospective observational studies in which the investigators ascertained SDB by using complete polysomnography have shown a prevalence ranging from approximately 17% to 45% in the third trimester...
October 21, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060175/characterization-of-microphones-for-snoring-and-breathing-events-analysis-in-mhealth
#10
Yolanda Castillo, Miguel A Camara, Dolores Blanco-Almazan, Raimon Jane
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is one of the most common sleep disorders, especially in elderly population. Despite its high prevalence and severe consequences, most patients remain undiagnosed due to serious limitations on the existing equipment. Efforts are being done to find cost-effective alternatives and mHealth solutions could play a key role. One promising approach in this context is the acoustic analysis of snoring. The sensor it requires is a microphone, which is widely available in different models and even integrated in smartphones...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060174/characterization-of-a-tooth-microphone-coupled-to-an-oral-appliance-device-a-new-system-for-monitoring-osa-patients
#11
Yolanda Castillo, Dolores Blanco-Almazan, James Whitney, Barry Mersky, Raimon Jane
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent chronic disease, especially in elderly and obese populations. Despite constituting a serious health, social and economic problem, most patients remain undiagnosed and untreated due to limitations in current equipment. In this work, we propose a novel method to diagnose OSA and monitor therapy adherence and effectiveness at home in a non-invasive and inexpensive way: combining acoustic analysis of breathing and snoring sounds with oral appliance therapy (OA)...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050137/-the-application-and-signiflcance-of-co-2-monitoring-in-sleep-related-breathing-disorders
#12
N Li, J P Zhou, Q Y Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043476/drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-dise-data-fusion-system-clinical-feasibility-study
#13
Esuabom Dijemeni, Bhik Kotecha
Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) is a diagnostic technique for 3D dynamic anatomical visualisation of upper airway obstruction during sedated sleep. There is a lack of standardised procedure and objective measurement associated with information capture, information management, evaluation of DISE findings, treatment planning, and treatment outcomes. The objective of this study is to present clinical feasibility results using a DISE DATA FUSION system for capturing, merging, displaying and storing anatomical data from an endoscopic imaging system and cardiorespiratory data from an anaesthesiological monitoring system simultaneously in real-time during DISE...
October 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035666/examination-of-risk-for-sleep-disordered-breathing-among-college-football-players
#14
Bailey Peck, Timothy Renzi, Hannah Peach, Jane Gaultney, Joseph S Marino
CONTEXT: Professional football linemen are at risk for sleep disordered breathing (SDB) compared to other types of athletes. It is currently unknown whether collegiate football linemen display a similar risk profile. OBJECTIVE: 1) Determine for the first time whether collegiate football linemen show risk for SDB, and 2) Test the hypothesis that SDB risk is higher in collegiate football linemen compared to an athletic comparison group. DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031758/the-association-of-mothers-and-fathers-insomnia-symptoms-with-school-aged-children-s-sleep-assessed-by-parent-report-and-in-home-sleep-electroencephalography
#15
Natalie Urfer-Maurer, Rebekka Weidmann, Serge Brand, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Alexander Grob, Peter Weber, Sakari Lemola
OBJECTIVE: Sleep plays an essential role for children's well-being. Because children's sleep is associated with parental sleep patterns, it must be considered in the family context. As a first aim of the present study, we test whether parental insomnia symptoms are related to children's in-home sleep-electroencephalography (EEG). Second, we examine the association between parental insomnia symptoms and maternal and paternal perception of children's sleep using actor-partner interdependence models...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025100/an-examination-of-pain-s-relationship-to-sleep-fragmentation-and-disordered-breathing-across-common-sleep-disorders
#16
Jennifer M Mundt, Stephan Eisenschenk, Michael E Robinson
Objective: Short sleep duration and insomnia have been linked to higher pain and an increased risk of developing chronic pain, but relatively little research has examined the contribution of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) to pain. This study examined the unique contributions of SDB and insomnia to chronic pain. Subjects: Adult patients referred to an academic sleep center for overnight polysomnography were invited to participate. Methods: Participants (N = 105) completed questionnaires about their sleep and pain, including the Insomnia Severity Index, Medical College of Virginia Pain Questionnaire, and two weeks of sleep/pain diaries...
August 28, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022650/sleep-related-breathing-disorders-in-patients-with-prader-willi-syndrome-depending-on-the-period-of-growth-hormone-treatment
#17
Agnieszka Lecka-Ambroziak, Małgorzata Jędrzejczak, Marta Wysocka-Mincewicz, Mieczysław Szalecki
INTRODUCTION: Sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD) are commonly present in patients with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) treatment is reported to improve breathing function in PWS, but the findings are not explicit. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Screening polysomnography- polygraphy (PSG), assessing nasal respiratory flow, respiratory effort, and blood oxygen saturation, was used. Group 1 - before rhGH therapy (n = 11, mean age 3...
October 12, 2017: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021511/overcoming-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-ensuring-sufficient-good-sleep-time-for-a-healthy-life-expectancy
#18
Kazuo Chin
Recent advances in basic and clinical medicine have resulted in major improvements in human health. Currently sleep has been considered an essential factor in maintaining and promoting a healthy life expectancy. Sleep disorders include more than 60 diseases. Sleep disordered breathings (SDB) have 17 disorders, including sleep apnea. SDB usually induces hypoxemia and hypercapnia, which would have significant effects on cells, organs, and the whole body. We have investigated SDB for nearly 35 years. We found that SDB has significant associations with humoral factors, including coagulation systems, the body's protective factors against diseases, and metabolic and organ diseases...
2017: Proceedings of the Japan Academy. Series B, Physical and Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017230/-guidelines-in-practice-the-new-s3-guideline-sleeping-disorders-sleep-related-abnormal-breathing
#19
Martin Gerlach, Bernd Sanner
Sleep related breathing disorders include central sleep apnea (CSA), obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), sleep-related hypoventilation, and sleep-related hypoxia. These disorders are frequent and growing in clinical relevance. The related chapter of the S3 guideline "Non-restorative sleep/Sleep disorders", published by the German Sleep Society (DGSM), has recently been updated in November 2016. Epidemiology, diagnostics, therapeutic procedures, and classification of sleep related disorders have been revised. Concerning epidemiology, a considerably higher mortality rate among pregnant women with OSA has been emphasized...
October 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979226/adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-report-high-symptom-levels-of-troubled-sleep-restless-legs-and-cataplexy
#20
Bjørn Bjorvatn, Erlend J Brevik, Astri J Lundervold, Anne Halmøy, Maj-Britt Posserud, Johanne T Instanes, Jan Haavik
Objective: To compare the occurrence of a spectrum of different self-reported sleep problems in adults with ADHD and a control group, and to study the impact of current ADHD medication use and clinical ADHD subtype. Method: Cross-sectional study of 268 clinically ascertained adult ADHD patients (DSM-IV criteria) and 202 randomly selected controls. Sleep problems were self-reported using validated questions, partly from Global Sleep Assessment Questionnaire. Results: ADHD patients reported more sleep problems than controls: Lifetime occurrence of sleep problems (82...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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