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NAFLD diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919478/atorvastatin-reduces-lipid-accumulation-in-the-liver-by-activating-protein-kinase-a-mediated-phosphorylation-of-perilipin-5
#1
Xing Gao, Yang Nan, Yuanlin Zhao, Yuan Yuan, Bincheng Ren, Chao Sun, Kaiyu Cao, Ming Yu, Xuyang Feng, Jing Ye
Statins have been proven to be effective in treating non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Recently, it was reported that statins decreased the hepatic expression of perilipin 5 (Plin5), a lipid droplet (LD)-associated protein, which plays critical roles in regulating lipid accumulation and lipolysis in liver. However, the function and regulation mechanism of Plin5 have not yet been well-established in NAFLD treatment with statins. In this study, we observed that atorvastatin moderately reduced the expression of Plin5 in livers without changing the protein level of Plin5 in the hepatic LD fraction of mice fed with high-fat diet (HFD)...
September 12, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906444/short-term-intake-of-a-fructose-fat-and-cholesterol-rich-diet-causes-hepatic-steatosis-in-mice-effect-of-antibiotic-treatment
#2
Annette Brandt, Cheng Jun Jin, Katja Nolte, Cathrin Sellmann, Anna Janina Engstler, Ina Bergheim
Intestinal microbiota and barrier functions seem to play an important role in the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, whether these changes are an early event in the development of NAFLD or are primarily associated with later stages of the disease, has not yet been clarified. Using a pair-feeding model, we determined the effects of a short-term intake of a fat-, fructose- and cholesterol-rich diet (FFC) on the development of early hepatic steatosis and markers of intestinal barrier function in mice treated with and without non-resorbable antibiotics (AB)...
September 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905319/pi3k-inhibition-protects-mice-from-nafld-by-down-regulating-cmklr1-and-nlrp3-in-kupffer-cells
#3
Wenfeng Zhang, Yan Liu, Mingbing Wu, Xiwen Zhu, Tao Wang, Kun He, Peizhi Li, Xiaoling Wu
Inflammation induced by high-fat diet (HFD) is of critical importance in the development of hepatic steatosis. The role of chemerin in the progress of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains controversial. Here, we have evaluated the effects and mechanism of chemerin on insulin sensitivity and inflammation. An inhibitor (wortmannin) and agonist (insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) of phosphatidyl inositol 3-kinase (PI3K) were applied to Kupffer cells (KCs) after treatment with a concentration gradient of chemerin in vitro...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904866/imm-h007-a-new-therapeutic-candidate-for-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-improves-hepatic-steatosis-in-hamsters-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#4
Huijie Shi, Qingchun Wang, Liu Yang, Shouxia Xie, Haibo Zhu
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the most common chronic liver disease in humans, is characterized by the accumulation of triacylglycerols (TGs) in hepatocytes. We tested whether 2',3',5'-tri-acetyl-N6-(3-hydroxylaniline) adenosine (IMM-H007) can eliminate hepatic steatosis in hamsters fed a high-fat diet (HFD), as a model of NAFLD. Compared with HFD-only controls, IMM-H007 treatment significantly lowered serum levels of TG, total cholesterol, and free fatty acids (FFAs) in hamsters fed the HFD, with a prominent decrease in levels of serum transaminases and fasting insulin, without affecting fasting glucose levels...
September 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903486/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-is-a-susceptibility-factor-for-perchloroethylene-induced-liver-effects-in-mice
#5
Joseph A Cichocki, Shinji Furuya, Yu-Syuan Luo, Yasuhiro Iwata, Kranti Konganti, Weihsueh A Chiu, David W Threadgill, Igor P Pogribny, Ivan Rusyn
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most prevalent pathological liver condition in developed countries. NAFLD results in severe alterations in liver function, including xenobiotic metabolism. Perchloroethylene (PERC) is a ubiquitous environmental pollutant, a known hepatotoxicant in rodents, and a probable human carcinogen. It is known that PERC disposition and metabolism are affected by NAFLD in mice; here, we examined how NAFLD changes PERC-associated liver effects. Male C57Bl6/J mice were fed a low-fat diet (LFD), high-fat diet (HFD), or methionine/folate/choline-deficient diet (MCD) to model a healthy liver, or mild and severe forms of NAFLD, respectively...
September 1, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901337/associations-between-dietary-factors-and-markers-of-nafld-in-a-general-dutch-adult-population
#6
A Rietman, D Sluik, E J M Feskens, F J Kok, M Mensink
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The objective of this sudy was to assess the relationship between dietary intake and fatty liver as scored by the validated Fatty Liver Index (FLI) in a large cross-sectional study among a general Dutch adult population. Diet is known to affect liver fat accumulation in humans. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 1128 men and women aged 20-70 years were included. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. FLI was derived from body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, triglycerides and gamma-glutamyltransferase...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899784/mir-181b-regulates-steatosis-in-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-via-targeting-sirt1
#7
Yunxia Wang, Kongxi Zhu, Weihua Yu, Hongjuan Wang, Lan Liu, Qiong Wu, Shuai Li, Jianqiang Guo
Non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD) is one of the leading cause of chronic liver diseases in the world. However, the pathogenesis of NAFLD is still unclear. Emerging studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRs) are profoundly involved in NAFLD and related metabolic diseases. Here, we investigated the mechanisms by which miR-181b influences NAFLD via direct targeting SIRT1. The expression of miR181b was up-regulated while SIRT1 was down-regulated in both human NAFLD patients and high fat diet (HFD) induced NAFDL mice model...
September 9, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895929/effects-of-oral-administration-of-silymarin-in-a-juvenile-murine-model-of-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis
#8
Veronica Marin, Silvia Gazzin, Sabrina E Gambaro, Matteo Dal Ben, Sonia Calligaris, Monica Anese, Alan Raseni, Claudio Avellini, Pablo J Giraudi, Claudio Tiribelli, Natalia Rosso
The increasing prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adolescents is challenging the global care system. No therapeutic strategies have been defined so far, and changes in the lifestyle remain the only alternative. In this study, we assessed the protective effects of silymarin in a juvenile non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) model and the in vitro effects on fat-laden human hepatocytes. C57Bl/6 mice were exposed to HFHC diet immediately after weaning. After eight weeks, animals showed histological signs of NASH...
September 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895242/hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-a-mouse-model-fed-a-choline-deficient-l-amino-acid-defined-high-fat-diet
#9
Ayae Ikawa-Yoshida, Saori Matsuo, Atsuhiko Kato, Yusuke Ohmori, Atsuko Higashida, Eiji Kaneko, Masahiko Matsumoto
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common cancer worldwide and represents the outcome of the natural history of chronic liver disease. The growing rates of HCC may be partially attributable to increased numbers of people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). However, details of the liver-specific molecular mechanisms responsible for the NAFLD-NASH-HCC progression remain unclear, and mouse models that can be used to explore the exact factors that influence the progression of NAFLD/NASH to the more chronic stages of liver disease and subsequent HCC are not yet fully established...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894701/relationship-between-diet-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-review-article
#10
REVIEW
Parvin Mirmiran, Zeynab Amirhamidi, Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Zahra Bahadoran, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: Diet plays a key role in the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of this study was to review systematically observational studies available regarding the relationship between food intakes and NAFLD. METHODS: We searched Scopus, PubMed, and Cochrane Library databases to identify English observational studies on food groups, dietary patterns, and NAFLD. Cross-sectional, case-control and cohort studies were selected and then duplication, topic, type of study, study population, variables examined and quality of data reporting of the articles were evaluated...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894517/effects-of-probiotic-and-prebiotic-supplementation-on-leptin-adiponectin-and-glycemic-parameters-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Vahideh Behrouz, Shima Jazayeri, Naheed Aryaeian, Mohamad Javad Zahedi, Fatemeh Hosseini
BACKGROUND According to previous studies, probiotic and prebiotic supplementation have desirable effects on glycemic parameters. Thus far, the effect of supplementation on the glycemic parameters and adipokines in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has not been assessed. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the effects of supplementation with probiotic and prebiotic on adiokines and glycemic parameters in the patients with NAFLD. METHODS In the present randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 89 patients with NAFLD were randomly divided into three groups to receive one probiotic capsule + 16 g/d maltodextrin (probiotic group) or 16 g/d oligofructose powder + one placebo capsule (prebiotic group), and one placebo capsule + 16 g/d maltodextrin (control group) for 12 weeks...
July 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894050/compounds-of-psoriasis-with-obesity-and-overweight
#12
Agnieszka Owczarczyk-Saczonek, Waldemar Placek
Many epidemiological studies have confirmed the relationship of obesity and psoriasis, and it is believed that obesity is an independent risk factor for its development and is associated with a worse prognosis. Furthermore, the reduction of body weight, using low-calorie diet combined with exercise, reduces the severity of psoriasis.Visceral adipose tissue is the largest endocrine organ, producing proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, IL-17) and adipokines (adiponectin, omentin, chemerin). They participate in the development of dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, diabetes, and consequently of the cardiovascular diseases...
August 24, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881825/development-of-hepatocellular-cancer-induced-by-long-term-low-fat-high-carbohydrate-diet-in-a-nafld-nash-mouse-model
#13
Alessandra Tessitore, Valentina Mastroiaco, Antonella Vetuschi, Roberta Sferra, Simona Pompili, Germana Cicciarelli, Remo Barnabei, Daria Capece, Francesca Zazzeroni, Carlo Capalbo, Edoardo Alesse
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common chronic liver disease. It can progress to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and, in a percentage of cases, to hepatocarcinogenesis. The strong incidence in western countries of obesity and metabolic syndrome, whose NAFLD is the hepatic expression, is thought to be correlated to consumption of diets characterized by processed food and sweet beverages. Previous studies described high-fat diet-induced liver tumors. Conversely, the involvement of low-fat/high-carbohydrate diet in the progression of liver disease or cancer initiation has not been described yet...
August 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877979/fatty-acids-promote-fatty-liver-disease-via-the-dysregulation-of-3-mercaptopyruvate-sulfurtransferase-hydrogen-sulfide-pathway
#14
Meng Li, Chengfu Xu, Junping Shi, Jiexia Ding, Xingyong Wan, Dahua Chen, Jianguo Gao, Chunxiao Li, Jie Zhang, Yiming Lin, Zhenhua Tu, Xiaoni Kong, Youming Li, Chaohui Yu
OBJECTIVE: Accumulation of free fatty acids (FFAs) in hepatocytes induces lipotoxicity, leading to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study aimed to investigate the underlying mechanisms by which FFA contributes to the pathogenesis of NAFLD via the regulation of 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (MPST), a key enzyme that regulates endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) biosynthesis. DESIGN: Hepatic MPST expression was evaluated in mice and patients with NAFLD...
September 6, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877220/attenuated-lipotoxicity-and-apoptosis-is-linked-to-exogenous-and-endogenous-augmenter-of-liver-regeneration-by-different-pathways
#15
Thomas S Weiss, Madeleine Lupke, Sara Ibrahim, Christa Buechler, Julia Lorenz, Petra Ruemmele, Ute Hofmann, Michael Melter, Rania Dayoub
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) covers a spectrum from simple steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and cirrhosis. Free fatty acids (FFA) induce steatosis and lipo-toxicity and correlate with severity of NAFLD. In this study we aimed to investigate the role of exogenous and endogenous ALR (augmenter of liver regeneration) for FFA induced ER (endoplasmatic reticulum) -stress and lipoapoptosis. Primary human hepatocytes or hepatoma cells either treated with recombinant human ALR (rhALR, 15kDa) or expressing short form ALR (sfALR, 15kDa) were incubated with palmitic acid (PA) and analyzed for lipo-toxicity, -apoptosis, activation of ER-stress response pathways, triacylglycerides (TAG), mRNA and protein expression of lipid metabolizing genes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876011/a-study-of-the-prebiotic-like-effects-of-tomato-juice-consumption-in-rats-with-diet-induced-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld
#16
F J García-Alonso, R González-Barrio, G Martín-Pozuelo, N Hidalgo, I Navarro-González, D Masuero, E Soini, U Vrhovsek, M J Periago
Gut microbiota may play a role in the pathogenesis of NAFLD. We investigated whether tomato juice consumption for 5 weeks could ameliorate high-fat diet-induced alterations in certain intestinal bacterial groups and products arising from their metabolism (short-chain fatty acids and microbial phenolic catabolites). For this, we used a rat model with NAFLD induced by a high-fat diet, involving four experimental groups: NA (standard diet and water), NL (standard diet and tomato juice), HA (high-fat diet and water) and HL (high-fat diet and tomato juice)...
September 6, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874443/amelioration-of-diet-induced-steatohepatitis-in-mice-following-combined-therapy-with-aso-fsp27-and-fenofibrate
#17
Ananthi Rajamoorthi, Noemi Arias, Jeannine Basta, Richard G Lee, Ángel Baldán
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the leading cause of chronic liver disease. NAFLD progresses from benign steatosis to steatohepatitis (NASH) to cirrhosis, and is linked to hepatocellular carcinoma. No targeted treatment is currently approved for NAFLD/NASH. We showed that fat-specific protein 27 (FSP27), a lipid droplet-associated protein that controls triglyceride turnover in the hepatocyte, is required for fasting- and diet-induced triglyceride accumulation in the liver. However, silencing Fsp27 with antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) did not improve hepatosteatosis in genetic nor nutritional mouse models of obesity...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868179/fatty-liver-without-a-large-belly-magnified-review-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-non-obese-patients
#18
REVIEW
Mohamad H Yousef, Alhareth Al Juboori, Abdulmajeed A Albarrak, Jamal A Ibdah, Veysel Tahan
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is well described as a common cause of chronic liver disease, mostly in the obese population. It refers to a spectrum of chronic liver disease that starts with simple steatosis than progresses to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and cirrhosis in patients without significant alcohol consumption. NAFLD in the non-obese population has been increasingly reported and studied recently. The pathogenesis of nonobese NAFLD is poorly understood and is related to genetic predisposition, most notably patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing 33 G allele polymorphism that leads to intrahepatic triglyceride accumulation and insulin resistance...
August 15, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867301/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-as-a-nexus-of-metabolic-and-hepatic-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Varman T Samuel, Gerald I Shulman
NAFLD is closely linked with hepatic insulin resistance. Accumulation of hepatic diacylglycerol activates PKC-ε, impairing insulin receptor activation and insulin-stimulated glycogen synthesis. Peripheral insulin resistance indirectly influences hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism by increasing flux of substrates that promote lipogenesis (glucose and fatty acids) and gluconeogenesis (glycerol and fatty acid-derived acetyl-CoA, an allosteric activator of pyruvate carboxylase). Weight loss with diet or bariatric surgery effectively treats NAFLD, but drugs specifically approved for NAFLD are not available...
August 29, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862329/virgin-coconut-oil-reverses-hepatic-steatosis-by-restoring-redox-homeostasis-and-lipid-metabolism-in-male-wistar-rats
#20
Arunaksharan Narayanankutty, Devika Mukundan Palliyil, Kezia Kuruvilla, Achuthan C Raghavamenon
BACKGROUND: Hepatosteatosis, a form of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), is being increasingly recognized as a major health burden worldwide. Insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and imbalances in adipokine/cytokine interplay are reported to be involved in the onset and progression of this disease. Use of dietary nutraceuticals in prevention and treatment of NAFLD are emerging. Virgin coconut oil (VCO), a fermented product of fresh coconut kernel, has been shown to impede the development of hepatosteatosis in rats...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
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