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Gynaecological cancers

Jata S Misra, Anand N Srivastava, Hem P Gupta
OBJECTIVE: Cytological screening was carried out in rural women of Lucknow West, India, through a camp approach to detect cervical cancer in its preinvasive phase and to see whether the primitive living conditions in the villages have any effect on the incidence of precancer and carcinoma of the cervix and the associated predisposing factors of cervical carcinogenesis. STUDY DESIGN: During a span of 4 years (May 2013 to March 2017), a total of 135 camps were organized under the auspice of Era's Lucknow Medical College and Hospital (Lucknow, India)...
June 13, 2018: Acta Cytologica
Aude Thouvenot, Yasmine Bizet, Laurent S Baccar, Michele Lamuraglia
Metastasis of non-gynaecological tumours to the cervix is a rare event, and metastasis from breast cancer is even rarer, with only a limited number of such cases reported in the literature to date. We herein report the case of an 86-year-old female patient who had undergone mastectomy and axillary lymphadenectomy for invasive ductal cell breast carcinoma 2 years prior, followed by adjuvant hormonal therapy with letrozole. During hospitalization for anemia associated with an inflammatory syndrome and abdominal pain with menorrhagia, an abdominal ultrasound examination revealed a suspicious uterine mass with irregular contours and abnormal vascularization with associated increase of the blood level of cancer antigen 15-3 to 34 kU/l...
July 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Thingreila Muinao, Mintu Pal, Hari Prasanna Deka Boruah
Ovarian cancer is the most lethal of all common gynaecological malignancies in women worldwide. Ovarian cancer comprises of >15 distinct tumor types and subtypes characterized by histopathological features, environmental and genetic risk factors, precursor lesions and molecular events during oncogenesis. Recent studies on gene signatures profiling of different subtypes of ovarian cancer have revealed significant genetic heterogeneity between and within each ovarian cancer histological subtype. Thus, an immense interest have shown towards a more personalized medicine for understanding the clinical and molecular complexities of four major types of epithelial ovarian cancer (serous, endometrioid, clear cell, and mucinous)...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Ufuk Emre, Taskin Gunes, Irem Pinar, Furuzan Kokturk, Esengul Liman, Orhan Yağiz
Background and purpose: In cancer patients, an ischemic stroke can be seen as both a direct effect of cancer and a complication of treatment. This condition can negatively affect the follow-up and treatment of these patients. For this research, we aimed to evaluate the clinical features, stroke types and etiological features of ischemic stroke patients with histories of cancer or found to have cancer during the aetiological investigation. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 100 patients (57 males, 43 females) who were hospitalized with acute stroke and determined to have the presence of cancer or a cancer history during the aetiological investigation between 2011 and 2016...
May 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
Vinotha Thomas, Anitha Thomas, Ajit Sebastian, Rachel Chandy, Abraham Peedicayil
Incidental diagnosis of carcinoma endometrium following hysterectomy requires clinical expertise from a gynecologic oncologist, with regard to subsequent management. We report our experience with completion staging in endometrial cancer, to determine the benefits and risks of completion staging in women with posthysterectomy diagnosis of endometrial cancer. DESIGN: A retrospective case series of 20 women with postoperative diagnosis of endometrial cancer, who had undergone completion staging...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
Maria Paraskevaidi, Camilo L M Morais, Kássio M G Lima, Katherine M Ashton, Helen F Stringfellow, Pierre L Martin-Hirsch, Francis L Martin
The current lack of an accurate, cost-effective and non-invasive test that would allow for screening and diagnosis of gynaecological carcinomas, such as endometrial and ovarian cancer, signals the necessity for alternative approaches. The potential of spectroscopic techniques in disease investigation and diagnosis has been previously demonstrated. Here, we used attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy to analyse urine samples from women with endometrial (n = 10) and ovarian cancer (n = 10), as well as from healthy individuals (n = 10)...
June 7, 2018: Analyst
M von Wolff, T Bruckner, T Strowitzki, A Germeyer
PURPOSE: To study if ovarian response is affected by the type of disease if fertility preservation is required. METHODS: A registry of the trinational fertility preservation network FertiPROTEKT including 992 patients aged 18-40 years undergoing ovarian stimulation and follicle aspiration for fertility preservation from 1/2007 until 3/2016 was analysed. The number of collected oocytes, days of stimulation, total gonadotropin dosage and gonadotropin dosage per day were evaluated...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
D Neubert, D Ondrová, J Hambálek, M Maděrka, K Sobková, D Stejskal, G Krejčí, R Pilka
AIM: Trefoil peptides are a family of small proteins that are expressed in a site-specific fashion by certain epithelial tissues. These peptides might be used as markers for neoplastic uterine disease. DESIGN: Experimental study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital, Medical Faculty, Palacký University, Olomouc; Department of Laboratory Biochemistry, Central Moravian Hospital Trust, Member of Agel holding, Prostějov...
2018: Ceská Gynekologie
J Swamidas, N Khanna, U Mahantshetty, V Somesan, D D Deshpande, S K Shrivastava
PURPOSE: To report our experience of failure mode and effective analysis for high dose rate brachytherapy of gynaecological cancer carried out in our hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Failure mode and effective analysis process described in AAPM TG 100 was followed: a multidisciplinary team consisting of two physicians, physicists, dosimetrists, a medical resident, a nurse, and a secretary was formed. A weekly meeting was held for four months. A process tree was created based on the overview of the entire process, with the main branches as follows: procedure in the operating room, patient imaging, contouring, treatment planning, machine quality assurance and treatment delivery...
May 30, 2018: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
Jonathan Carter, Selvan Pather, Marcelo Nascimento
In Australia, ovarian cancer remains the most common cause of death among all the gynaecological malignancies, largely due to the fact that patients present at an advanced stage. Cytoreductive surgery has for a number of decades been the cornerstone of initial treatment for patients with advanced disease, where a smaller volume of residual disease (optimal cytoreduction) results in an improved outcome. Evidence indicates that optimal cytoreduction is best achieved by a certified gynaecological oncologist, and that subsequent management by a dedicated multidisciplinary team (MDT) results in patients more likely to receive 'evidenced based guideline care' and be offered participation in clinical trials...
May 31, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Yasuo Ohashi, Masataka Ikeda, Hideo Kunitoh, Mitsuru Sasako, Takuji Okusaka, Hirofumi Mukai, Keiichi Fujiwara, Mashio Nakamura, Tetsuya Kimura, Kei Ibusuki, Masato Sakon
INTRODUCTION: Patients with cancer are at higher risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) than the general population as the malignancy itself and treatment modalities, including medication and surgery, contribute to the risk of developing VTE. Furthermore, patients with cancer developing VTE have a worse prognosis than those without cancer. There are no multicentre prospective data on the occurrence and treatment of VTE in patients with cancer in Japan, and data on the outcomes, complications and incidence of VTE in these patients have not been reported...
May 30, 2018: BMJ Open
Menelaos Tzafetas, Anita Mitra, Ilkka Kalliala, Sarah Lever, Christina Fotopoulou, Alan Farthing, John Richard Smith, Pierre Martin-Hirsch, Evangelos Paraskevaidis, Maria Kyrgiou
AIM: To explore current practice in fertility-sparing surgery for cervical cancer in the UK. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A web-based structured questionnaire was designed and circulated to all members of the British Gynaecological Cancer Society. RESULTS: From 111 recipients, a total of 49 responses were collected. The majority of centres treated between 20-29 cases of invasive cervical cancer surgically (21/49, 42.9%) and performed between 0-5 cases of radical trachelectomy annually (29/49, 59...
June 2018: Anticancer Research
Yuqin Zang, Lina Gu, Yanfang Zhang, Yingmei Wang, Fengxia Xue
Uterine leiomyosarcoma (uLMS) is a rare but malignant gynaecological tumour with a poor survival outcome. The present study was aimed at identifying the key genes and pathways in the development of uLMS through bioinformatics analysis. To minimize the frequency of false-positive results of the bioinformatics analysis, 3 microarrays including GSE764, GSE64763 and GSE68312 were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened out using the online tool GEO2R. Then, Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopaedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analyses were performed using the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery...
June 2018: Oncology Letters
Rachel Pounds, Andrew Phillips, Sean Kehoe, James Nevin, Sudha Sundar, Ahmed Elattar, Hong Giap Teo, Kavita Singh, Janos Balega
OBJECTIVES: To establish the positive predictive values of pre-operative identification with CT imaging of metastatic diaphragm disease in surgically managed cases of advanced ovarian cancer (AOC). Additionally, we have assessed the post-operative morbidity and survival following diaphragmatic surgical intervention in a large regional cancer centre in the United Kingdom. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of all cases of AOC with metastatic diaphragm disease surgically treated at the Pan-Birmingham Gynaecological Cancer Centre, UK between 1st August 2007 and 29th February 2016...
May 18, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Maria Rosaria Raspollini, Sigurd F Lax, W Glenn McCluggage
The European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO), the European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ESTRO) and the European Society of Pathology (ESP) nominated an international multidisciplinary development group consisting of practicing clinicians who have demonstrated leadership and expertise in cervical cancer to produce evidence-based guidelines regarding all aspects of the management of patients with this disease. Herein, we provide a detailed analysis of the pathological reporting of cervical carcinoma specimens, focusing on practical aspects of specimen sampling and on the core pathological data which are critical for patient management...
May 24, 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
David Cibula, Richard Pötter, François Planchamp, Elisabeth Avall-Lundqvist, Daniela Fischerova, Christine Haie-Meder, Christhardt Köhler, Fabio Landoni, Sigurd Lax, Jacob Christian Lindegaard, Umesh Mahantshetty, Patrice Mathevet, W Glenn McCluggage, Mary McCormack, Raj Naik, Remi Nout, Sandro Pignata, Jordi Ponce, Denis Querleu, Francesco Raspagliesi, Alexandros Rodolakis, Karl Tamussino, Pauline Wimberger, Maria Rosaria Raspollini
Two corrections were made to the above publication following its original online publication on 4th May 2018.
May 23, 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
N D Soneji, N Bharwani, A Ferri, V Stewart, A Rockall
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the staging accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for endometrial cancer in daily practice over a 3-year period at a tertiary referral centre receiving scans from a large number of hospitals with varying protocols. To compare these daily practice results to published data from single-centre studies. METHODS: After ethical approval, MRI staging records for 270 studies from nine network and three centre hospitals were retrospectively collected and compared with final operative histopathology...
May 22, 2018: European Radiology
J L Sharp, K Gough, M C Pascoe, A Drosdowsky, V T Chang, P Schofield
PURPOSE: The Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale Short Form (MSAS-SF) is a widely used symptom assessment instrument. Patients who self-complete the MSAS-SF have difficulty following the two-part response format, resulting in incorrectly completed responses. We describe modifications to the response format to improve useability, and rational scoring rules for incorrectly completed items. METHODS: The modified MSAS-SF was completed by 311 women in our Peer and Nurse support Trial to Assist women in Gynaecological Oncology; the PeNTAGOn study...
May 21, 2018: Quality of Life Research
S Williamson, K Beaver, A Gardner, P Martin-Hirsch
PURPOSE: Endometrial cancer is the sixth most common female cancer worldwide. There is little evidence that routine hospital surveillance increases survival or decreases morbidity following treatment. Gynaecology Oncology clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) are ideally placed to provide the care, information and support to enable women with a gynaecological cancer to self-manage and live well. A multi-centre randomised controlled trial (RCT) compared hospital follow-up (HFU) with telephone follow-up (TFU) by CNSs...
June 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
Cole Clifford, Natasha Vitkin, Sarah Nersesian, Gillian Reid-Schachter, Julie-Ann Francis, Madhuri Koti
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is a lethal gynaecological disease that imposes significant burden on health care and patient quality of life. High-grade serous carcinoma of the ovary (HGSC) is the most prevalent histological type of EOC. A vast majority of HGSC cases are diagnosed at late stages of the disease, limiting the opportunity for clinical intervention and resulting in a 10-year survival rate of <20%. Recent innovations in high-throughput molecular analysis of patient-derived specimens may address these clinical challenges by providing an enhanced understanding of the molecular aetiology of ovarian cancer, in addition to offering several opportunities for rational biomarker and targeted therapy discovery...
May 21, 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
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