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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731990/-performance-of-asge-predictive-criteria-in-diagnosis-of-choledocholithiasis-in-the-edgardo-rebagliati-martins-hospital
#1
Harold Eduardo Benites Goñi, Fernando Vicente Palacios Salas, Jairo Luis Asencios Cusihuallpa, Rossmery Aguilar Morocco, Nasthya Solange Segovia Valle
BACKGROUND: In Peru, there are still no local studies designed for evaluating the performance of clinical guidelines designed to stratify patients according to probability of choledocholithiasis. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance of predictive criteria proposed by the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) in diagnosis of choledocholithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study conducted in a hospital in Lima (Rebagliati hospital)...
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723092/microwave-assisted-synthesis-of-diversely-substituted-quinoline-based-dihydropyridopyrimidine-and-dihydropyrazolopyridine-hybrids
#2
Daniel Insuasty, Rodrigo Abonia, Braulio Insuasty, Jairo Quiroga, Kenneth K Laali, Manuel Nogueras, Justo Cobo
An efficient, catalyst-free and one-pot three-component procedure for the synthesis of novel and nitrogen rich dihydropyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidines and dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridines bearing a quinoline pharmacophore fragment is provided. Reactions proceeded in DMF under microwave irradiation of three-component mixtures of formyl-quinoline derivatives, primary heterocyclic amines and cyclic 1,3-diketones. Interestingly, when conventional heating at reflux was used for the starting 5-amino-1-phenylpyrazole, the corresponding aromatized pyrazolopyridines were obtained as the main products...
July 19, 2017: ACS Combinatorial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721108/effect-of-self-paced-active-recovery-and-passive-recovery-on-blood-lactate-removal-following-a-200-m-freestyle-swimming-trial
#3
Márcio Rabelo Mota, Renata Aparecida Elias Dantas, Iransé Oliveira-Silva, Marcelo Magalhães Sales, Rafael da Costa Sotero, Patrícia Espíndola Mota Venâncio, Jairo Teixeira Júnior, Sandro Nobre Chaves, Filipe Dinato de Lima
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of self-paced active recovery (AR) and passive recovery (PR) on blood lactate removal following a 200 m freestyle swimming trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fourteen young swimmers (with a training frequency of 6-8 sessions per week) performed two maximal 200 m freestyle trials followed by 15 minutes of different recovery methods, on separate days. Recovery was performed with 15 minutes of passive rest or 5 minutes of passive rest and 10 minutes of self-paced AR...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720011/facial-emotion-recognition-and-empathy-in-employees-at-a-juvenile-detention-center
#4
Luz Anyela Morales Quintero, Jairo Muñoz-Delgado, José Carlos Sánchez-Ferrer, Ana Fresán, Martin Brüne, Iván Arango de Montis
Numerous studies have shown that emotion recognition is impaired in individuals with a history of violent offenses, especially in those diagnosed with psychopathy. However, in criminological contexts, there is insufficient research regarding the role of empathy and facial emotion recognition abilities of personnel employed in correction centers. Accordingly, we sought to explore facial emotion recognition abilities and empathy in administrative officers and security guards at a center for institutionalized juvenile offenders...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714324/express-probing-sulfur-modified-capping-layer-of-gold-nanoparticles-by-surface-enhanced-effects
#5
Adilson R Prado, Danilo Oliveira de Souza, Jairo P Oliveira, Rayssa H A Pereira, Marco C C Guimarães, Breno V Nogueira, Pedro V Dixini, Moisés R N Ribeiro, Maria José Pontes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700595/origin-of-mounds-in-the-pantanal-wetlands-an-integrated-approach-between-geomorphology-pedogenesis-ecology-and-soil-micromorphology
#6
Jairo Calderari de Oliveira Junior, Raphael Moreira Beirigo, Mariane Chiapini, Alexandre Ferreira do Nascimento, Eduardo Guimarães Couto, Pablo Vidal-Torrado
Vegetated mounds are an important geomorphological feature of the Pantanal, where the influence of floods dictates not only hydropedological processes, but also the distribution and ecology of the flora and fauna. This work aimed to identify factors and processes that influence the formation and spatial distribution of the mounds, which are commonly associated with termite activity. In order to characterize pedological processes, macro and micro morphological descriptions, satellite image interpretation, dating of the sandy sedimentary material using OSL and carbon dating using 14C AMS were carried out...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696784/the-role-of-tramadol-in-pain-management-in-latin-america-a-report-by-the-change-pain-latin-america-advisory-panel
#7
Joäo Batista Santos Garcia, Osvandré Lech, Durval Campos Kraychete, María Antonieta Rico, John Jairo Hernández-Castro, Frantz Colimon, Carlos Guerrero, Manuel Sempértegui Gallegos, Argelia Lara-Solares, José Alberto Flores Cantisani, César Amescua-Garcia, María Del Rocío Guillén Núñez, María Del Rosario Berenguel Cook, Aziza Jreige Iskandar, Patricia Bonilla Sierra
OBJECTIVE: Change Pain Latin America (CPLA) was created to enhance chronic pain understanding and develop pain management improving strategies in this region. During its 7(th) meeting (August 2016), the main objective was to discuss tramadol's role in treating pain in Latin America. Furthermore, potential pain management consequences were considered, if tramadol was to become more stringently controlled. METHODS: Key topics discussed were: main indications for prescribing tramadol, its pharmacological characteristics, safety and tolerability, effects of restrictions on its availability and use, and consequent impact on the pain care quality...
July 11, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670037/clinical-and-radiological-characterization-of-fibrous-hamartoma-of-infancy
#8
Vagner Moysés Vilela, Valéria Mota Ribeiro, Jairo Campos Paiva, Diego Demolinari Pires, Lucas Scodeler Santos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667598/comparison-of-two-bacterial-dna-extraction-methods-from-non-polluted-and-polluted-soils
#9
Mélanie Mazziotti, Sonia Henry, Philippe Laval-Gilly, Antoine Bonnefoy, Jaïro Falla
DNA extraction from soil samples is a critical step for molecular biology analyses. The present study compared the efficiency of two DNA isolation methods from non-polluted and polluted soils with or without the presence of a plant. Both applied methods used chemical and physical lyses, but method 1 had an additional physical disruption. The main difference between these two methods was the humic acid purification technique as it was carried out during cell lysis for method 1 and after cell lysis for method 2...
July 1, 2017: Folia Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655584/biological-biochemical-and-histological-features-of-bradybaena-similaris-gastropoda-pulmonata-infected-by-heterorabditis-indica-rhabditida-heterorhabditidae-strain-lpp1
#10
Victor Menezes Tunholi, Vinícius Menezes Tunholi-Alves, Caio Oliveira Monteiro, Lidiane Cristina da Silva, Cláudia de Melo Dolinski, Rosane Nora Castro, Vânia Rita Elias Pinheiro Bittencourt, Jairo Pinheiro da Silva, Isabella Vilhena Freire Martins
This study investigated the possible biological, biochemical and histological changes in Bradybaena similaris(Gastropoda: Pulmonata) infected by Heterorhabditis indica (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae), strain LPP1. Two groups of 16 snails were formed: the control group (unexposed) and the treated group, which was exposed for three weeks to infective juveniles (J3) of H. indica LPP1. The experiment was conducted in duplicate, using a total of 64 snails. After the exposure period, the snails were dissected to collect the hemolymph and tissues, for evaluation of the physiological changes caused by the infection...
June 24, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655165/investigation-of-natural-radioactivity-as-a-possible-driver-of-cancer-incidence-in-para%C3%A3-ba-northeastern-brazil
#11
Josineide Marques do Nascimento Santos, José Araújo Dos Santos Júnior, Ana Maria Mendoça de Albuquerque Melo, Romilton Dos Santos Amaral, Rômulo Simões Cezar Menezes, Zahily Herrero Fernández, Lino Angel Valcárcel Rojas, Jairo Dias Bezerra, Alberto Antônio da Silva, Kennedy Francys Rodrigues Damascena, Nilson Vicente da Silva Medeiros
An increase of health problems has been reported in the city of Triunfo, Paraíba, NE Brazil. This pattern has been attributed to environmental radiation since there are uranium deposits in the neighboring municipalities. The present study aimed to carry a radiometric survey in Triunfo to determine effective dose from external outdoor radiation exposure. The results were obtained through 'in situ' measurements using a gamma spectrometry system. The results ranged from 0.06 to 0.38 mSv/y, mean of 0.20 mSv/y...
June 24, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640517/hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-south-america-evaluation-of-risk-factors-demographics-and-therapy
#12
Jose D Debes, Aaron J Chan, Domingo Balderramo, Luciana Kikuchi, Esteban Gonzalez Ballerga, Jhon E Prieto, Monica Tapias, Victor Idrovo, Milagros B Davalos, Fernando Cairo, Fernando J Barreyro, Sebastian Paredes, Nelia Hernandez, Karla Avendaño, Javier Diaz Ferrer, Ju Dong Yang, Enrique Carrera, Jairo A Garcia, Angelo Z Mattos, Bruno S Hirsch, Pablo T Gonçalves, Flair J Carrilho, Lewis R Roberts
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Most studies addressing the epidemiology of HCC originate from developed countries. This study reports the preliminary findings of a multinational approach to characterize HCC in South America. METHODS: We evaluated 1336 HCC patients seen at 14 centers in six South American countries using a retrospective study design with participating centers completing a template chart of patient characteristics...
June 22, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622827/copaifera-multijuga-oleoresin-and-its-constituent-diterpene-copalic-acid-genotoxicity-and-chemoprevention-study
#13
Jacqueline M Alves, Juliana M Senedese, Luís F Leandro, Pâmela T Castro, Daiane E Pereira, Luiza J Carneiro, Sérgio R Ambrósio, Jairo K Bastos, Denise C Tavares
Copaiba oleoresins are used in alternative medicine as anti-inflammatory, antitumoral, and antimicrobial treatments. (-)-Copalic acid (CA) is the major diterpene found in exudates from Copaifera species. We have examined the genotoxicity and the chemopreventive potential of Copaifera multijuga oleoresin (CM) and CA. Genotoxicity assessment was examined with the peripheral blood micronucleus test and the comet assay (male Swiss mouse hepatocytes). In the chemoprevention study, we evaluated the effects of CM and CA on the formation of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-induced aberrant crypt foci (ACF) in male Wistar rat colon...
July 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622110/pavlov-and-cajal-two-different-pathways-to-a-nobel-prize
#14
Jairo A Rozo, Yuniesky Andrade-Talavera, Antonio Rodríguez-Moreno
Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) and Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1852-1934) were two contemporary scientists who not only had a great impact on Russian and Spanish science but also on the international stage. Both shared several common features in their life and work, yet they followed fundamentally different paths during their training as scientists. While Pavlov received his laboratory training under the guidance of Ilya Tsion (1843-1912), Cajal did not receive any formal training within a particular laboratory nor did he have a mentor in the traditional sense, rather he was mainly self-taught, although he was supported by key figures like Maestre de San Juan (1828-1890) and Luis Simarro (1851-1921)...
July 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614539/effects-of-ozone-on-the-pain-and-disability-in-patients-with-failed-back-surgery-syndrome
#15
Danilo Costa Barbosa, Jairo Silva Dos Ângelos, Gleica Maria Josino de Macena, Francisco Nêuton de Oliveira Magalhães, Erich Talamoni Fonoff
Introduction: Low back pain is one of the painful disorders of higher prevalence. It has several etiologies and surgery may be indicated in the presence of neurological deficits or compression syndromes. However, in up to 40% of cases, patients develop worsening of pain and failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS), which is an important cause of chronic pain with high morbidity and disability. In the last two decades, ozone has been shown to be a new therapeutic option for FBSS due to its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties...
April 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614009/the-combined-use-of-calcitonin-doubling-time-and-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-improves-prognostic-values-in-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-the-clinical-utility-of-18-f-fdg-pet-ct
#16
Ji H Yang, Cléber P Camacho, Susan C Lindsey, Flavia O F Valente, Danielle M Andreoni, Lilian Y Yamaga, Jairo Wagner, Rosa Paula M Biscolla, Rui M B Maciel
OBJECTIVE: Calcitonin and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) doubling times are established prognostic markers in medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). On the other hand, positron emission tomography with fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) shows an increased rate of detection with high blood tumor marker levels in several cancers. This study aims to analyze the ability of (18)F-FDG PET/CT to determine prognosis in the followup of patients with MTC. METHODS: Medical records of 17 patients with MTC who underwent (18)F-FDG PET/CT were analyzed retrospectively...
June 14, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601218/-edmonton-frail-scale-in-colombian-older-people-comparison-with-the-fried-criteria
#17
Jairo Uriel Ramírez Ramírez, Miguel Oswaldo Cadena Sanabria, Miguel Enrique Ochoa
INTRODUCTION: The Edmonton Frailty Scale was developed in Alberta (Canada). It has been applied in different scenarios, such as acute units, day hospitals, and outpatient care. There are no studies published describing the usefulness of this scale in Colombia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study and secondary diagnostic test analysis was designed with the objective of studying the criterion validity of the Edmonton Frail Scale using Fried's frailty criteria as standard...
June 7, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596954/assessment-of-health-needs-in-children-with-congenital-upper-limb-differences-in-nicaragua-community-case-study
#18
Maria F Canizares, Jairo J Rios Roque, Gabriel Ramos Zelaya, Michelle A James
Congenital anomalies are prevalent in Nicaragua, and disability is estimated to be 10% in the general population. We studied children with congenital upper limb differences, as they are vulnerable to disability. This case study documents a collaborative effort between American and Nicaraguan orthopedic surgeons to determine unmet health needs of children with congenital upper limb differences at Hospital Manuel de Jesus Rivera ("La Mascota" Hospital) in Nicaragua, with the goal of developing programs that successfully address these needs within the context of the priorities of the community...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576069/starch-cellulose-acetate-and-polyester-biodegradable-sheets-effect-of-composition-and-processing-conditions
#19
Allan Robledo Fialho E Moraes, Cícero Cardoso Pola, Ana Paula Bilck, Fabio Yamashita, Jairo Tronto, Eber Antonio Alves Medeiros, Nilda de Fátima Ferreira Soares
The production of biodegradable plastic materials using natural resources has aroused increased attention due to environmental concerns. This study aimed to manufacture novel, commercially feasible, biodegradable sheets by flat die extrusion-calendering process produced with thermoplastic starch/plasticized cellulose acetate (TPS/PCA) and thermoplastic starch/plasticized cellulose acetate/poly (butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (TPS/PCA/PBAT) blends, and to investigate the effects of composition and processing conditions, morphological characteristics, and thermal properties...
September 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575076/prevalence-of-colistin-resistance-gene-mcr-1-containing-enterobacteriaceae-in-feces-of-patients-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital-and-detection-of-a-mcr-1-containing-colistin-susceptible-e-coli
#20
Elisabeth M Terveer, Roel H T Nijhuis, Monique J T Crobach, Cornelis W Knetsch, Karin E Veldkamp, Jairo Gooskens, Ed J Kuijper, Eric C J Claas
The emergence of the plasmid-mediated mcr colistin resistance gene in the community poses a potential threat for treatment of patients, especially when hospitalized. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of all currently known mcr mediated colistin resistance gene in fecal samples of patients attending a tertiary care hospital. From November 2014 until July 2015, fecal samples of patients attending the Leiden University Medical Center were collected and screened for presence of mcr using real-time PCR...
2017: PloS One
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