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Professional Sport

Joan Dallinga, Mark Janssen, Jet van der Werf, Ruben Walravens, Steven Vos, Marije Deutekom
BACKGROUND: A large number of people participate in individual or unorganized sports on a recreational level. Furthermore, many participants drop out because of injury or lowered motivation. Potentially, physical activity-related apps could motivate people during sport participation and help them to follow and maintain a healthy active lifestyle. It remains unclear what the quality of running, cycling, and walking apps is and how it can be assessed. Quality of these apps was defined as having a positive influence on participation in recreational sports...
June 18, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Neydson André Solposto Marques de Souza, Paulo Santoro Belangero, Eduardo Antônio de Figueiredo, Alberto de Casto Pochini, Carlos Vicente Andreoli, Benno Ejnisman
Objective: To assess the results of the treatment of fractures of the middle third of the clavicle with a pre-contoured plate in athletes. Methods: The authors performed 26 osteosyntheseis in 25 patients with fractures of the middle third of the clavicle. The fractures were classified according to Robinson as 16 type B1 and ten type B2. The mean age was 37 years, ranging from 15 to 63 years, 20 patients were male and five were female, and all play sports in an amateur or professional manner...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Anthony P Breitbach, Scott Reeves, Simon N Fletcher
Organizations value teamwork and collaboration as they strive to build culture and attain their goals and objectives. Sports provide a useful and easily accessible means to study teamwork. Interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) has been identified as a means of improving patient and population health outcomes. Principles of teamwork in sports can inform health professionals and organizations regarding possible improvement strategies and barriers in the optimization of IPCP. Twenty-eight delegates from the 2017 All Together Better Health Conference in Oxford, UK participated in a World Café to discuss the how teamwork in sports can inform IPCP in healthcare and sports medicine...
August 18, 2017: Sports
Jonathan B Shepherd, Daniel A James, Hugo G Espinosa, David V Thiel, David D Rowlands
With the increasing rise of professionalism in sport, teams and coaches are looking to technology to monitor performance in both games and training to find a competitive advantage. Wheelchair court sports (wheelchair rugby, wheelchair tennis, and wheelchair basketball) are no exception, and the use of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)-based inertial measurement unit (IMU) within this domain is one innovation researchers have employed to monitor aspects of performance. A systematic literature review was conducted which, after the exclusion criteria was applied, comprised of 16 records...
April 13, 2018: Sports
Kiah McCabe, Christopher Collins
Genetics plays an integral role in athletic performance and is increasingly becoming recognised as an important risk factor for injury. Ankle and knee injuries are the most common injuries sustained by soccer players. Often these injuries result in players missing training and matches, which can incur significant costs to clubs. This study aimed to identify genotypes associated with ankle and knee injuries in soccer players and how these impacted the number of matches played. 289 soccer players, including 46 professional, 98 semi-professional and 145 amateur players, were genetically tested...
March 5, 2018: Sports
Daniele Checcarelli, Mauro Zampolini, Michele Berloco, Claudia Fusco, Levent Özçakar
Managing top-level athlete's recovery after an injury is very complicated because it requires a challenging combination of clinical and social/professional aspects with the need to return as soon as possible to sports play. Herein, we report a top-level volleyball player for whom a finger splint combined with a custom made thermoplastic protection was used for the conservative management of a Mallet fracture re-injury. This way our player continued training and competitions in contrast to conventional rehabilitation protocols which suggest to avoid new traumas until the healing phase is completed...
June 13, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Jacob J Adler
Undergraduate introductory biology students struggle when communicating quantitative data. This activity provides students with a real-world research experience to improve their quantitative literacy in science communication. Students were provided with a national sports media report that described a professional football athlete requiring 9,000 calories daily. Students were then asked to determine whether, based on their own research and calculations, the reporter had correctly calculated the total calories coming from the reported foods...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Bryan L Riemann, Monica R Lininger
Understanding the results and statistics reported in original research remains a large challenge for many sports medicine practitioners and, in turn, may be among one of the biggest barriers to integrating research into sports medicine practice. The purpose of this article is to provide minimal essentials a sports medicine practitioner needs to know about interpreting statistics and research results to facilitate the incorporation of the latest evidence into practice. Topics covered include the difference between statistical significance and clinical meaningfulness; effect sizes and confidence intervals; reliability statistics, including the minimal detectable difference and minimal important difference; and statistical power...
July 2018: Clinics in Sports Medicine
Marcos Maynar, Francisco Llerena, Francisco Javier Grijota, Mario Pérez-Quintero, Ignacio Bartolomé, Javier Alves, María Concepción Robles, Diego Muñoz
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine changes in the serum concentrations of trace elements Cobalt (Co), Molybdenum (Mo) and Zinc (Zn) among high-level sportsmen. METHODS: Eighty professional athletes of different metabolic modalities (aerobic, anaerobic and aerobic-anaerobic), were recruited before the beginning of their training seasons. Thirty-one sedentary participants of the same geographic area constituted the control group. Co, Mo and Zn analysis was performed by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS)...
June 13, 2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
M Denise Dowd
Many children are attracted to the color, noise, light, and excitement generated by fireworks. Both home and public displays of fireworks are a festive part of American culture, enjoyed on holidays, during sporting events, and on a variety of other occasions. However, fireworks pose a risk of serious injury to children and youth. Each year, thousands of children sustain major and minor injuries due to fireworks, with many resulting in permanent disability. Regulations concerning private sales and use of fireworks vary greatly from state to state, so children's exposure varies geographically...
June 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
Steven M Douthett, Lawrence Fallat
Hemophilic arthropathy of the ankle is an extremely unique condition that affects a small subset of the population in the United States. We present the case of a 66-year-old male with factor XI deficiency, which, over years of repetitive microtrauma as a professional soccer player, led to multiple hemarthrosis and severe arthropathy of his right ankle. The patient successfully underwent total ankle replacement arthroplasty and was able to return to recreational sports and competitive road cycling.
June 8, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Gretchen A Casazza, Ashley P Tovar, Christine E Richardson, Angela N Cortez, Brian A Davis
Endurance athletes use nutritional guidelines and supplements to improve exercise performance and recovery. However, use is not always based on scientific evidence of improved performance, which type of athlete would benefit most, or the optimal dose and timing of a particular supplement. Health professionals that give advice to athletes need to target their recommendations on the energy systems and muscle fiber types used for the athlete's sporting event, the goal of the training block, the time of the competitive season, and the characteristics and food preferences of the individual athlete...
June 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
Susan Mayes, April-Rose Ferris, Peter Smith, Jill Cook
OBJECTIVES: To compare the cross-sectional area (CSA) of hip external rotators, obturator externus (OE) and obturator internus (OI), in ballet dancers and nondancing athletes, and evaluate the relationship between obturator muscle size and hip pain. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Elite ballet and sport. PARTICIPANTS: 33 male and female professional ballet dancers and 33 age and sex-matched athletes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: CSA's of OE and OI measured on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of one hip...
June 2, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
Craig Barden, Keith Stokes
CONTEXT:   Injury risks in professional and community rugby union have been extensively described; however, less is known about injury epidemiology at the schoolboy level. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the injury risk in English schoolboy rugby union matches, comparing an elite competition (Achieving Academic and Sporting Excellence [AASE]) with subelite matches (non-AASE). DESIGN:   Retrospective cohort study. SETTING:   Rugby union academy, consisting of 16- to 19-year-old males, based at an elite sports college in England...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Erfan Shahabpoor, Aleksandar Pavic, James M W Brownjohn, Stephen A Billings, Ling-Zhong Guo, Mateusz Bocian
Monitoring natural human gait in real-life environment is essential in many applications including the quantification of disease progression, and monitoring the effects of treatment and alteration of performance biomarkers in professional sports. Nevertheless, reliable and practical techniques and technologies necessary for continuous real-life monitoring of gait is still not available. This paper explores in detail the correlations between the acceleration of different body segments and walking ground reaction forces GRF(t) in three dimensions and proposes three sensory systems, with one, two, and three inertial measurement units (IMUs), to estimate GRF(t) in the vertical (V), medial-lateral (ML), and anterior-posterior (AP) directions...
June 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Guilherme Guadagnini Falotico, Gustavo Gonçalves Arliani, André Fukunishi Yamada, Artur da Rocha Correa Fernandes, Benno Ejnisman, Moises Cohen
PURPOSE: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome is characterized by a triad: symptoms, clinical signs and imaging findings. Some individuals, especially athletes, have only imaging alterations. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of cam and pincer morphology in professional soccer players compared with a control group of non-athletes and to investigate the association between the age at which players start playing competitive soccer more than three times per week and duration of the soccer career with the prevalence of these radiographic findings...
June 6, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Geoffroy Nourissat, Michel Calò, Bernard Montalvan, Jacques Parier
Background: Os acromiale is a rare condition mostly reported in the literature through case reports, imaging studies, or reports of surgical treatment. This condition is the result of nonunion of growth plates of the acromion during the natural developmental process that occurs between 15 and 25 years of age. Its incidence is low, and few studies are available in the literature on athletes with high functional demands, and particularly on athletes within a specific sport. Purpose: To collect epidemiological data and to report the amount of time out of play as well as the type of treatment and its efficiency in professional tennis players...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Natalia Romero-Franco, Juan Antonio Párraga-Montilla, Enrique M Molina-Flores, Pedro Jiménez-Reyes
Romero-Franco, N, Párraga-Montilla, JA, Molina-Flores, EM, and Jiménez-Reyes, P. Effects of combining running and practical duration stretching on proprioceptive skills of national sprinters. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Practical duration stretching after aerobic activities is a recommended component of the first part of warm-up because of its effects on performance. However, its effects on proprioceptive skills are unknown. This study aimed to analyze the effects of running and practical duration static stretching (SS) and dynamic stretching (DS) on postural balance and the joint position sense (JPS) of national sprinters...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Aaron Nelson, Nathan Koslakiewicz, Thomas Gus Almonroeder
CONTEXT: Athletes that have undergone an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction often demonstrate more pronounced inter-limb knee joint kinetic asymmetry in comparison to uninured athletes, even after they have completed rehabilitation. Part of the reason for the persistent asymmetry may be that sports medicine professionals are typically not able to assess knee joint kinetics within the clinic setting. Developing measures to assess knee joint kinetic symmetry could help to augment current rehabilitation practices...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Gustavo Barbosa Ferreira, Ludmila Silva Guimarães, Claudio Pinheiro Fernandes, Reinaldo Brito Dias, Neide Pena Coto, Lívia Azeredo A Antunes, Leonardo Santos Antunes
BACKGROUND: Although there is evidence that mouthguards prevent orofacial trauma occurrence during sport practice, the influence of this device on athletic performance has not been systematically quantified. OBJECTIVES: We aim to systematically review the literature to determine the effect of mouthguards on athletic performance and if the type of mouthguard influences this overcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search was performed in the Systematic Electronic Databases: Pubmed, Scopus, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library from their inception to February 2017...
May 29, 2018: International Dental Journal
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