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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095069/the-evolution-of-champion-cross-country-skier-training-from-lumberjacks-to-professional-athletes
#1
Øyvind Sandbakk
Competitive cross-country (XC) skiing has traditions extending back to the mid-19th century, and was included as a men's event in the first Winter Games in 1924. Since then, tremendous improvements in equipment, track preparation, and knowledge about training have prompted greater increases in XC skiing speeds than in any other Olympic sport. In response, this commentary focuses on how the training of successful XC skiers has evolved, with interviews and training data from surviving Norwegian world and Olympic XC champions as primary sources...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076736/australian-institute-of-sport-and-australian-medical-association-position-statement-on-concussion-in-sport
#2
Lisa J Elkington, David C Hughes
Sport-related concussion is a growing health concern in Australia. Public concern is focused on the incidence and potential long term consequences of concussion. Children may be more prone to concussion and take longer to recover. The Australian Institute of Sport and the Australian Medical Association have collaborated to present the most contemporary evidence-based information in a format appropriate for all stakeholders. This position statement aims to ensure that participant safety and welfare is paramount when dealing with concussion in sport...
January 16, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071936/concussion-baseline-testing-preexisting-factors-symptoms-and-neurocognitive-performance
#3
Eric Hall, Jordan Cottle, Caroline Ketcham, Kirtida Patel, Kenneth P Barnes
CONTEXT:  Neurocognitive test scores are often considered an important aspect of concussion management. To best use these data, clinicians must understand potential factors that may influence baseline performance on these tests. OBJECTIVE:  To determine preexisting factors that may influence performance on the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test (ImPACT). DESIGN:  Cross-sectional study. SETTING:  Research laboratory...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068152/effect-of-exposure-type-and-timing-of-injuries-in-division-i-college-football-a-4-year-single-program-analysis
#4
Michael K Krill, James R Borchers, Joshua T Hoffman, Rachel L Tatarski, Timothy E Hewett
BACKGROUND: Football players compete with a high risk of injury due to the sport. With the recent efforts to improve safety, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) established new terminology to clearly define exposure types and reduce the number of high contact exposures. OBJECTIVES: To compare football injury rates (IR) with a focus on game versus practice, time in season of injury, mechanism of injury and utilizing recent exposure types defined by the NCAA (live contact, full-pads and non-contact)...
January 9, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065996/history-of-the-royal-college-of-chiropractic-sports-sciences-canada-the-early-years
#5
John De Finney, Gordon Lawson, David Gryfe, Susan Gillis-Lawson, John P Crawford
In 1978 the Canadian Chiropractic Association recognized the need to establish an organization that would prepare chiropractors to treat athletic injuries and promote these services to sports organizations. Dr. Adrian Grice approached three chiropractors to establish such an organization. The Canadian Chiropractic Sports Academy (CCSA) was established in 1978. This was the start of the chiropractic sports movement which has seen chiropractors playing prominent roles as team doctors to professional and amateur teams and athletes and in the delivery of care at major national and international competitions...
December 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059948/sports-related-concussion-in-children-and-adolescents
#6
Christian A Refakis, Christian D Turner, Patrick J Cahill
Concussions are becoming increasingly important to manage properly as sports participation continues to rise. Repeated injuries occurring before the brain has had a chance to recover from an initial insult are particularly dangerous and must be prevented. Although much national media attention has been devoted to concussions in professional sports, it is important to appreciate that athletes in any age group, children and adolescents in particular, are at risk of sports-related concussion. It is crucial to remove an athlete from play any time concussion is suspected...
January 4, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051343/methodological-considerations-when-quantifying-high-intensity-efforts-in-team-sport-using-global-positioning-system-technology
#7
Matthew C Varley, Arne Jaspers, Werner F Helsen, James J Malone
Purpose Sprints and accelerations are popular performance indicators in applied sport. The methods used to define these efforts using athlete tracking technology could affect the number of efforts reported. The study aimed to determine the influence of different techniques and settings for detecting high-intensity efforts using Global Positioning System (GPS) data. Methods Velocity and acceleration data of a professional soccer match was recorded via 10-Hz GPS. Velocity data was filtered using either a median or exponential filter...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050542/epidemiological-profile-of-patients-diagnosed-with-athletic-pubalgia
#8
Anderson Luiz de Oliveira, Carlos Vicente Andreoli, Benno Ejnisman, Roberto Dantas Queiroz, Osvaldo Guilherme Nunes Pires, Guilherme Guadagnini Falótico
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of pubalgia in patients from a Sports Medicine Center. METHODS: Data analysis from medical records of patients with athletic pubalgia attended to from January 2007 to January 2015. The diagnosis was made by an experienced hip surgeon, complemented with pelvic X-ray, abdominal wall ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvis. RESULTS: Among 43 patients, 42 were men, with mean age of 33 years...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035585/effect-of-exercise-on-ovulation-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Osnat Hakimi, Luiz-Claudio Cameron
BACKGROUND: Infertility has been described as a devastating life crisis for couples, and has a particularly severe effect on women, in terms of anxiety and depression. Anovulation accounts for around 30% of female infertility, and while lifestyle factors such as physical activity are known to be important, the relationship between exercise and ovulation is multi-factorial and complex, and to date there are no clear recommendations concerning exercise regimes. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to systematically assess the effect of physical activity on ovulation and to discuss the possible mechanisms by which exercise acts to modulate ovulation in reproductive-age women...
December 29, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032779/the-era-of-sport-concussion-evolution-of-knowledge-practice-and-the-role-of-psychology
#10
Julie L Guay, Brittany M Lebretore, Jesse M Main, Katelyn E DeFrangesco, Jessica L Taylor, Sarah M Amedoro
The topic of sport concussion has gained significant prominence over the last 20 years, resulting in dramatic growth in research funding, widespread media coverage, and increased public awareness. Although the knowledge base has greatly expanded, there is still much that is unknown or controversial about the long-term effects of sports-related head injury. Because of the high stakes of mismanaging these injuries, professional sports organizations, federal/state government, and various health-related disciplines have responded with efforts to educate the public and improve treatment and management of this injury...
December 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031770/soccer-players-cultural-capital-and-its-impact-on-migration
#11
Jožef Križaj, Bojan Leskošek, Janez Vodičar, Mojca Doupona Topič
The purpose of this study was to identify factors that constituted the cultural capital among soccer players. We assumed that in the increasingly globalized world of professional soccer, a player's success would often depend on migrating and adjusting to life in other countries. Willingness to migrate and successful adjustment are tied to player's previous attitudes and/or behaviours (habitus), significant support from others, including family members, and previous experiences and success in sports and education...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031760/the-effect-of-specific-sling-exercises-on-the-functional-movement-screen-score-in-adolescent-volleyball-players-a-preliminary-study
#12
Paweł Linek, Edward Saulicz, Andrzej Myśliwiec, Monika Wójtowicz, Tomasz Wolny
The existing data indicate that the result of the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) test influences the likelihood of subsequent injury in professional athletes. Therefore, exercises increasing test scores of the FMS may be useful at various stages of sports activity. This study evaluated the effects of the NEURAC sling exercises method on the FMS test score in teenage volleyball players. The study was conducted on 15 volleyball players aged 14 years. The FMS test was performed three times interspersed with a two-month interval...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030532/the-application-of-a-simple-surveillance-method-for-detecting-the-prevalence-and-impact-of-overuse-injuries-in-professional-men-s-basketball
#13
K Weiss, M McGuigan, T Besier, C Whatman
The aim of this study was to use the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre (OSTRC) overuse injury questionnaire to record overuse injuries over a single season for a men's professional basketball team in order to; (i) assess the prevalence and severity of overuse injuries and (ii) determine the efficacy of this method in identifying overuse injuries in comparison to the team physiotherapist's detection of these injuries. Thirteen athletes from a men's professional basketball team participated in this study. The self-reported, OSTRC injury questionnaire was used to record overuse conditions of the ankle, knee, lower back over an entire 24-week season...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028572/romanian-medicine-european-medicine
#14
EDITORIAL
Ioan Cristian Stoica, Dinu Antonescu, Adrian Pana, Stefan Mogos, Romain Seil
The aim of the present paper is to present the message transmitted by the Presidential Lecture given during the first congress of arthroscopy organised in Romania, in March 2016, by the Romanian Society of Arthroscopy and Sports Trauma (SRATS). The goal was to present the evolution of medical care in Romania over the years, with the remarkable progress made in the first half of the twentieth century and the current status of arthroscopic surgery as seen from the point of view of medical professionals, as well as from a governmental point of view...
December 28, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025593/tobacco-use-and-its-health-effects-among-professional-athletes-in-qatar
#15
Zaina Chaabane, Zsolt Murlasits, Ziyad Mahfoud, Ruben Goebel
The objective of the study was to determine the effects of tobacco use on selected markers of health and lung function in professional athletes. A total of 108 male professional athletes participated in the study from ten ball game teams in the same sport league in Qatar (age = 26.4 ± 5.1 yrs, height = 190.6 ± 11.9 cm, and weight = 91.5 ± 16.4 kg). The athletes have been playing professionally for about 6.3 years on average. In addition to demographic and tobacco use status, the following clinical variables were measured: resting blood pressure, heart rate, FVC, FEV1 sec, and PEF...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019726/examining-the-relationships-between-challenge-and-threat-cognitive-appraisals-and-coaching-behaviours-in-football-coaches
#16
Martin Dixon, Martin J Turner, Jamie Gillman
Previous research demonstrates that sports coaching is a stressful activity. This article investigates coaches' challenge and threat cognitive appraisals of stressful situations and their impact on coaching behaviour, using Blascovich and Mendes' (2000) biopsychosocial model as a theoretical framework. A cross-sectional correlational design was utilised to examine the relationships between irrational beliefs (Shortened general attitude and belief scale), challenge and threat appraisals (Appraisal of life events scale), and coaching behaviours (Leadership scale for sports) of 105 professional football academy coaches...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011656/the-role-of-the-care-sport-connector-in-the-netherlands
#17
K E F Leenaars, E Smit, A Wagemakers, G R M Molleman, M A Koelen
INTRODUCTION: To stimulate physical activity and guide primary care patients towards local sport facilities, Care Sport Connectors (CSC), to whom a broker role has been ascribed, were introduced in 2012 in the Netherlands. The aim of this study was to explore CSCs' role in connecting the primary care sector and the PA sector. METHOD: Fifteen CSCs were selected to participate in this study and were followed in their work of connecting both sectors. Over the course of one year, three rounds of interviews were held with these CSCs on the topics of their role and the connection between the primary care and the PA sector...
December 23, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010854/a-tale-of-two-runners-a-case-report-of-athletes-experiences-with-eating-disorders-in%C3%A2-college
#18
Paula A Quatromoni
Athletes are at higher risk than the general population for eating disorders, and risk is heightened for athletes in thin-build sports, including track. Collegiate athletes are particularly vulnerable to disordered eating when the transition from home to the college environment adds to the stress of performance pressures and the high demands of the sport environment. Male and female athletes who develop eating disorders share some common characteristics, yet their experiences can be quite different, in part as a consequence of their sex and how eating disorders develop, and are recognized, acknowledged, and treated, within the culture of sports...
January 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005978/emergence-of-exploratory-technical-and-tactical-behavior-in-small-sided-soccer-games-when-manipulating-the-number-of-teammates-and-opponents
#19
Carlota Torrents, Angel Ric, Robert Hristovski, Lorena Torres-Ronda, Emili Vicente, Jaime Sampaio
The effects that different constraints have on the exploratory behavior, measured by the variety and quantity of different responses within a game situation, is of the utmost importance for successful performance in team sports. The aim of this study was to determine how the number of teammates and opponents affects the exploratory behavior of both professional and amateur players in small-sided soccer games. Twenty-two professional (age 25.6 ± 4.9 years) and 22 amateur (age 23.1 ± 0.7 years) male soccer players played three small-sided game formats (4 vs...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005191/central-nervous-system-adaptation-after-ligamentous-injury-a-summary-of-theories-evidence-and-clinical-interpretation
#20
REVIEW
Alan R Needle, Adam S Lepley, Dustin R Grooms
The array of dysfunction occurring after ligamentous injury is tied to long-term clinical impairments in functional performance, joint stability, and health-related quality of life. To appropriately treat individuals, and in an attempt to avoid sequelae such as post-traumatic osteoarthritis, investigators have sought to better establish the etiology of the persistent dysfunction present in patients who have sustained joint ligament injuries to the lower extremities. Recent evidence has suggested that changes within the brain and central nervous system may underlie these functional deficits, with support arising from direct neurophysiologic measures of somatosensory dysfunction, motor system excitability, and plasticity of neural networks...
December 22, 2016: Sports Medicine
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