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Julius Oppenheim, Chi Ma, Jinping Hu, Luca Bindi, Paul J Steinhardt, Paul D Asimow
Five-component icosahedral quasicrystals with compositions in the range Al68-73Fe11-16Cu10-12Cr1-4Ni1-2 were recently recovered after shocking metallic CuAl5 and (Mg0.75Fe0.25)2SiO4 olivine in a stainless steel 304 chamber, intended to replicate a natural shock that affected the Khatyrka meteorite. The iron in those quasicrystals might have originated either from reduction of Fe(2+) in olivine or from the stainless steel chamber. In this study, we clarify the shock synthesis mechanism of icosahedral quasicrystals through two new shock recovery experiments...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
J Oppenheim, C Ma, J Hu, L Bindi, P J Steinhardt, P D Asimow
The Khatyrka meteorite contains both icosahedral and decagonal quasicrystals. In our previous studies, icosahedral quasicrystals have been synthesized and recovered from shock experiments at the interface between CuAl5 and stainless steel 304 alloys. In this study, we report a new shock recovery experiment aimed at synthesizing decagonal quasicrystals similar to decagonite, natural Al71Ni24Fe5. Aluminum 2024 and permalloy 80 alloys were stacked together and shocked in a stainless steel 304 recovery chamber...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
Abdullah Sirindil, Marianne Quiquandon, Denis Gratias
An analysis is presented of the new types of defects that can appear in crystalline structures where the positions of the atoms and the unit cell belong to the same {\bb Z}-module, i.e. are irrational projections of an N > 3-dimensional (N-D) lattice Λ as in the case of quasicrystals. Beyond coherent irrationally oriented twins already discussed in a previous paper [Quiquandon et al. (2016). Acta Cryst. A72, 55-61], new two-dimensional translational defects are expected, the translation vectors of which, being projections of nodes of Λ, have irrational coordinates with respect to the unit-cell reference frame...
November 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section A, Foundations and Advances
M Valliammai, S Sivabalan
We report a polarization maintaining chalcogenide (ChG) photonic quasicrystal fiber (PQF) for wide-band mid-IR (MIR) supercontinuum (SC) generation. The numerical demonstration of SC generation in the proposed PQF spans from 2 to 15 μm wavelengths for a pulse power of 2 kW. Besides, the proposed PQF offers a high birefringence (10(-3) to 10(-2)) from 3.5 to 15 μm wavelengths and exhibits a low confinement loss (10(-7) to 10(-1)) for the wavelengths from 2 to 15 μm with single mode behavior. The proposed Ge11...
June 1, 2017: Applied Optics
Zongdai Liu, Rui Chen, Yanjun Liu, Xinhai Zhang, Xiaowei Sun, Wenbin Huang, Dan Luo
Organic microcavity lasers based on liquid crystals have attracted substantial attention due to their easy processing, compact volume and excellent tunable properties. However, the threshold of traditional holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs) laser doped with dye is usually as high as several tens of μJ/pulse, which hinders its broad applications. Herein, we demonstrate a low-threshold lasing from quasicrystal based on H-PDLCs. An conjugated polymer poly (2-methoxy-5-(2'-ethyl-hexyloxy)-p-phenylenevinylene (MEH-PPV) film is coated on the inner surface of glass substrate to dramatically reduce the lasing threshold, which is 20 times lower than that of dye-doped microcavity laser...
September 4, 2017: Optics Express
Quanlong Yang, Jianqiang Gu, Yuehong Xu, Yanfeng Li, Xueqian Zhang, Zhen Tian, Chunmei Ouyang, Jiaguang Han, Weili Zhang
The control of light-matter interaction in metasurfaces offers an unexplored potential for the excitation and manipulation of light. Here, we combine experimental terahertz time-domain spectroscopy and near-field scanning terahertz microscopy to demonstrate the role of reciprocal vectors in the transmission and plasmonic resonances of quasicrystal metasurfaces. An investigation of two-dimensional metasurface structures with different rotationally symmetric quasicrystal arrangements demonstrates that the transmission minima resulting from Wood's anomaly are directly related to the surface plasmon resonances...
October 2, 2017: Optics Express
Albert Prodan, Ram Dušić Hren, Marion A van Midden, Herman J P van Midden, Erik Zupanič
It is shown that tiling in icosahedral quasicrystals can also be properly described by cyclic twinning at the unit cell level. The twinning operation is applied on the primitive prolate golden rhombohedra, which can be considered a result of a distorted face-centered cubic parent structure. The shape of the rhombohedra is determined by an exact space filling, resembling the forbidden five-fold rotational symmetry. Stacking of clusters, formed around multiply twinned rhombic hexecontahedra, keeps the rhombohedra of adjacent clusters in discrete relationships...
September 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
V A Levashov
The behavior of identical particles interacting through the harmonic-repulsive pair potential has been studied in 3D using molecular dynamics simulations at a number of different densities. We found that at many densities, as the temperature of the systems decreases, the particles crystallize into complex structures whose formation has not been anticipated in previous studies on the harmonic-repulsive pair potential. In particular, at certain densities, crystallization into the structure Ia3¯d (space group #230) with 16 particles in the unit cell occupying Wyckoff special positions (16b) was observed...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Harini Pattabhiraman, Marjolein Dijkstra
We investigate the behaviour of a system of colloidal particles interacting with a hard-core and a repulsive square shoulder potential under the influence of a gravitational field using event-driven Brownian dynamics simulations. We use a fixed square shoulder diameter equal to 1.4 times the hard-core diameter of the colloids, for which we have previously calculated the equilibrium phase diagram considering two-dimensional disks [H. Pattabhiraman et al., J. Chem. Phys. 143, 164905 (2015) and H. Pattabhiraman and M...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Yao Sun, Kai Ma, Teresa Kao, Katherine A Spoth, Hiroaki Sai, Duhan Zhang, Lena F Kourkoutis, Veit Elser, Ulrich Wiesner
Considerable progress in the fabrication of quasicrystals demonstrates that they can be realized in a broad range of materials. However, the development of chemistries enabling direct experimental observation of early quasicrystal growth pathways remains challenging. Here, we report the synthesis of four surfactant-directed mesoporous silica nanoparticle structures, including dodecagonal quasicrystalline nanoparticles, as a function of micelle pore expander concentration or stirring rate. We demonstrate that the early formation stages of dodecagonal quasicrystalline mesoporous silica nanoparticles can be preserved, where precise control of mesoporous silica nanoparticle size down to <30 nm facilitates comparison between mesoporous silica nanoparticles and simulated single-particle growth trajectories beginning with a single tiling unit...
August 15, 2017: Nature Communications
Tomonari Dotera, Shinichi Bekku, Primož Ziherl
The most striking feature of conventional quasicrystals is their non-traditional symmetry characterized by icosahedral, dodecagonal, decagonal or octagonal axes. The symmetry and the aperiodicity of these materials stem from an irrational ratio of two or more length scales controlling their structure, the best-known examples being the Penrose and the Ammann-Beenker tiling as two-dimensional models related to the golden and the silver mean, respectively. Surprisingly, no other metallic-mean tilings have been discovered so far...
October 2017: Nature Materials
Ruibin Zhang, Xiangbing Zeng, Goran Ungar
We performed an atomic force microscopy study of the dendron-based dodecagonal quasicrystal, the material that had been reported in 2004 as the first soft quasicrystal. We succeeded in orienting the 12-fold axis perpendicular to the substrate, which allowed the imaging of the quasiperiodic xy plane. Thus for the first time we have been able to obtain direct real-space information not only on the arrangement of the tiles, but also on their 'decorations' by the individual spherical micelles or 'nanoatoms'. The high-resolution patterns recorded confirm the square-triangle tiling, but the abundance of different nodes corresponds closely to random tiling rather than to any inflation rule...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Roman Ryltsev, Nikolay Chtchelkatchev
Using molecular dynamics simulations, we study computational self-assembly of one-component three-dimensional dodecagonal (12-fold) quasicrystals in systems with two-length-scale potentials. Existing criteria for three-dimensional quasicrystal formation are quite complicated and rather inconvenient for particle simulations. So to localize numerically the quasicrystal phase, one should usually simulate over a wide range of system parameters. We show how to universally localize the parameter values at which dodecagonal quasicrystal order may appear for a given particle system...
July 26, 2017: Soft Matter
Laura C Collins, Thomas G Witte, Rochelle Silverman, David B Green, Kenjiro K Gomes
Quasicrystals possess long-range order but lack the translational symmetry of crystalline solids. In solid state physics, periodicity is one of the fundamental properties that prescribes the electronic band structure in crystals. In the absence of periodicity and the presence of quasicrystalline order, the ways that electronic states change remain a mystery. Scanning tunnelling microscopy and atomic manipulation can be used to assemble a two-dimensional quasicrystalline structure mapped upon the Penrose tiling...
June 22, 2017: Nature Communications
Seung-Tae Hong
Quasicrystals (QCs) are well-ordered but aperiodic crystals with classically forbidden symmetries (such as 5-fold). High-dimensional (HD) crystallography is a standard method to locate atom positions explicitly. However, in practice, it is still challenging because of its complexity. Here, we report a new simple approach to three-dimensional (3D) atomic modeling derived from X-ray diffraction data, and apply it to the icosahedral QC Al0.63Cu0.25Fe0.12. Electron density maps were calculated directly from 3D diffraction data indexed with noninteger (fractional) numbers as measured, with proper phases; each of 2(5) = 32 possible phase assignments for the five strongest reflections was used for Fourier synthesis...
June 21, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Yun Su, Pik-Yin Lai, Bruce J Ackerson, Xin Cao, Yilong Han, Penger Tong
We report a systematic study of colloidal diffusion over a substrate with quasicrystalline-patterned holes. Silica spheres of diameter comparable to the hole diameter diffuse over the patterned substrate and experience a gravitational potential U(x, y). Using optical microscopy, we track the particle trajectories and find two distinct states: a trapped state when the particles are inside the holes and a free-diffusion state when they are on the flat surface outside the holes. The potential U(x, y) and dynamic properties of the diffusing particle, such as its mean dwell time, mean square displacement, and long-time diffusion coefficient DL, are measured simultaneously...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Xidong Wu, Xiang Guo
Controlling the loss of graphene can be used in the field of transformation optics. We propose a new concept of electromagnetic fence on a monolayer graphene surface plasmon polariton platform. Using a Dot-Density-Renderer quasicrystal metasurface, we can simulate the absorption of gradient index optics structures. Numerical simulations show that the incident waves to our designed electromagnetic fence are trapped toward the central lines and quickly absorbed by the high-loss region. Two basic types of electromagnetic fence and its composite structures have been designed and analyzed, which exhibit excellent broadband absorbing performances at 8 THz-12 THz...
June 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
Morgan W Schulze, Ronald M Lewis, James H Lettow, Robert J Hickey, Timothy M Gillard, Marc A Hillmyer, Frank S Bates
Small angle x-ray scattering experiments on three model low molar mass diblock copolymer systems containing minority polylactide and majority hydrocarbon blocks demonstrate that conformational asymmetry stabilizes the Frank-Kasper σ phase. Differences in block flexibility compete with space filling at constant density inducing the formation of polyhedral shaped particles that assemble into this low symmetry ordered state with local tetrahedral coordination. These results confirm predictions from self-consistent field theory that establish the origins of symmetry breaking in the ordering of block polymer melts subjected to compositional and conformational asymmetry...
May 19, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Gerardo G Naumis, Salvador Barraza-Lopez, Maurice Oliva-Leyva, Humberto Terrones
This review presents the state of the art in strain and ripple-induced effects on the electronic and optical properties of graphene. It starts by providing the crystallographic description of mechanical deformations, as well as the diffraction pattern for different kinds of representative deformation fields. Then, the focus turns to the unique elastic properties of graphene, and to how strain is produced. Thereafter, various theoretical approaches used to study the electronic properties of strained graphene are examined, discussing the advantages of each...
September 2017: Reports on Progress in Physics
M Paßens, V Caciuc, N Atodiresei, M Feuerbacher, M Moors, R E Dunin-Borkowski, S Blügel, R Waser, S Karthäuser
Since their discovery, quasicrystals have attracted continuous research interest due to their unique structural and physical properties. Recently, it was demonstrated that dodecagonal quasicrystals could be used as bandgap materials in next-generation photonic devices. However, a full understanding of the formation mechanism of quasicrystals is necessary to control their physical properties. Here we report the formation of a two-dimensional dodecagonal fullerene quasicrystal on a Pt3Ti(111) surface, which can be described in terms of a square-triangle tiling...
May 22, 2017: Nature Communications
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