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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087491/dynamics-of-bacterial-class-bacilli-in-the-deepest-valley-lake-of-kashmir-the-manasbal-lake
#1
Sana Shafi, Azra N Kamili, Manzoor A Shah, Suhaib A Bandh, Rubiya Dar
In recognition of the importance of bacteria as ecological indicators of the aquatic systems a comprehensive and systematic analysis was carried out on Manasbal Lake, the deepest spring fed valley lake of Kashmir. The main objective envisaged was to analyze bacterial community composition (BCC) and for this purpose systematic and regular sampling of waters from ten different sampling stations, predetermined in the Lake according to differences in degree of human interference and also as zones of special ecological interests were selected...
January 10, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078123/diminished-expression-of-mgmt-rassf1a-genes-in-gastric-cancer-in-ethnic-population-of-kashmir
#2
Arif Akbar Bhat, Hilal Ahmad Wani, Ajaz Ahmad Waza, Rawoof Ahmad Malik, Akbar Masood, Showkat Jeelani, Showkat Kadla, Sabhiya Majid
BACKGROUND: Cancer initiation and progression are accompanied by profound changes in DNA. DNA methylation that was the first epigenetic alterations identified in cancer. DNA hypermethylation at promoter sites is closely associated with down regulation of protein and as major participant in the development and progression of series of human tumors. Therefore we hypothesized that promoter hypermethylation of RASSF1A & MGMT gene could influence susceptibility to gastric cancer (GC) as well, and we conducted this study to test the hypothesis in Kashmiri population...
December 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076968/influence-of-southwest-monsoons-in-the-kashmir-valley-western-himalayas
#3
Ghulam Jeelani, Rajendrakumar D Deshpande, Rouf A Shah, Wasim Hassan
The regional climate of the Himalayas is predominated by the southwest monsoons and the western disturbances. The uplift of the Pir Panjal to its present height is believed to restrict the southwest monsoons from entering into the Kashmir Valley in the western Himalayas. In the present study, monthly precipitation samples were collected across the Kashmir Valley from June 2013 to May 2014 for δ(18)O and δ(2)H analyses to constrain the influence of southwest monsoons in the valley. Except in August, the precipitation is enriched in (18)O and (2)H from June to September and depleted from October to May...
January 12, 2017: Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052659/p15ink4b-loss-of-expression-by-promoter-hypermethylation-adds-to-leukemogenesis-and-confers-a-poor-prognosis-in-acute-promyelocytic-leukemia-patients
#4
Shahid M Baba, Niyaz A Azad, Zafar A Shah, Dil- Afroze, Arshad A Pandith, Aleem Jan, Sheikh A Aziz
Purpose: The p15Ink4b gene exerts its influence as an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases and is frequently associated with hematological malignancies. Inactivation of this gene through DNA methylation has been found to be the most prevalent epigenetic alteration reported, with a high frequency in all FAB subtypes of AMLs, including APL. In this study, we investigated the prognostic significance of p15 gene promoter hypermethylation and its expression in APL patients of Kashmir (North India)...
December 5, 2016: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028940/capripox-outbreak-in-a-mixed-flock-of-sheep-and-goats-in-india
#5
M A Ramakrishnan, R Santhamani, A B Pandey
Generally, capripoxvirus infections are host specific in nature and occasionally infect more than one species. In this study, an investigation was carried out from an outbreak of capripox in a mixed flock of sheep and goats which occurred in 2013 in the State of Jammu & Kashmir. The genetic analysis of P32, RPO30 and GPCR genes revealed that both goats and sheep were infected with goatpox virus.
December 27, 2016: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012462/new-sivaladapid-primate-from-lower-siwalik-deposits-surrounding-ramnagar-jammu-and-kashmir-state-india
#6
Christopher C Gilbert, Biren A Patel, N Premjit Singh, Christopher J Campisano, John G Fleagle, Kathleen L Rust, Rajeev Patnaik
Over the past century, numerous vertebrate fossils collected near the town of Ramnagar, India, have proven to be important for understanding the evolution and biogeography of many mammalian groups. Primates from Ramnagar, though rare, include a number of hominoid specimens attributable to Sivapithecus, as well as a single published mandibular fragment preserving the P4-M1 of the Miocene adapoid Sivaladapis palaeindicus. Since 2010, we have renewed fossil prospecting in the Lower Siwalik deposits near Ramnagar in an attempt to better understand the evolution, biogeographic timing, and paleoclimatic context of mammalian radiations in Asia, with a particular focus on primates...
January 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990396/clinical-study-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-the-kashmir-valley
#7
Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942165/between-china-and-south-asia-a-middle-asian-corridor-of-crop-dispersal-and-agricultural-innovation-in-the-bronze-age
#8
Chris J Stevens, Charlene Murphy, Rebecca Roberts, Leilani Lucas, Fabio Silva, Dorian Q Fuller
The period from the late third millennium BC to the start of the first millennium AD witnesses the first steps towards food globalization in which a significant number of important crops and animals, independently domesticated within China, India, Africa and West Asia, traversed Central Asia greatly increasing Eurasian agricultural diversity. This paper utilizes an archaeobotanical database (AsCAD), to explore evidence for these crop translocations along southern and northern routes of interaction between east and west...
October 2016: Holocene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932291/influenza-not-mers-cov-among-returning-hajj-and-umrah-pilgrims-with-respiratory-illness-kashmir-north-india-2014-15
#9
Parvaiz A Koul, Hyder Mir, Siddhartha Saha, Mandeep S Chadha, Varsha Potdar, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Renu B Lal, Anand Krishnan
BACKGROUND: The increasing reports of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) caused by MERS coronavirus (MERS-CoV) from many countries emphasize its importance for international travel. Muslim pilgrimages of Hajj and Umrah involve mass gatherings of international travellers. We set out to assess the presence of influenza and MERS-CoV in Hajj/Umrah returnees with acute respiratory infection. . METHODS: Disembarking passengers (n = 8753) from Saudi Arabia (October 2014 to April 2015) were interviewed for the presence of respiratory symptoms; 977 (11%) reported symptoms and 300 (age 26-90, median 60 years; 140 male) consented to participate in the study...
December 6, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924127/ssr-based-genetic-diversity-of-pigmented-and-aromatic-rice-oryza-sativa-l-genotypes-of-the-western-himalayan-region-of-india
#10
Humaira Ashraf, Amjad M Husaini, M Ashraf Bhat, G A Parray, Salim Khan, Nazir A Ganai
A set of 24 of SSR markers were used to estimate the genetic diversity in 16 rice genotypes found in Western Himalayas of Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh, India. The level of polymorphism among the genotypes of rice was evaluated from the number of alleles and PIC value for each of the 24 SSR loci. A total of 68 alleles were detected across the 16 genotypes through the use of these 24 SSR markers The number of alleles per locus generated varied from 2 (RM 338, RM 452, RM 171) to 6 (RM 585, RM 249, RM 481, RM 162)...
October 2016: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921225/dimensional-changes-in-the-kolahoi-glacier-from-1857-to-2014
#11
Aparna Shukla, Iram Ali, Nazia Hasan, Shakil A Romshoo
This study assimilates data from historical records (1857-1961/84), survey of India topographic maps, and a series of multispectral satellite data (1962-2014) for analyzing the shrinkage and dimensional changes of the Kolahoi glacier, Jammu and Kashmir, between 1857 and 2014. The composite results show that the glacier has receded by ∼3423 m (21.8 m/year) in the past 157 years. The historical records reveal that the glacier retreated by >1609 m from 1857 to 1909, 800 m from 1912 to 1961, and 210 m from 1961 to 1984...
December 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900964/incidence-of-pediatric-acute-kidney-injury-in-hospitalized-patients
#12
Mohd Ashraf, Naveed Shahzad, Altaf Hussain, Shafat Ahmed Tak, Syed Tariq Ahmed Bukhari, Aliya Kachru
Pediatric acute kidney injury (pAKI) is a common complication associated with high mortality in children. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) and mortality in hospitalized (critically ill and non-critically ill) patients. This was a retrospective study conducted during the period of June 1, 2013, to May 31, 2014, at the Postgraduate Department of Pediatrics, G. B. Pant Hospital, an Associated Hospital of Government Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891414/paediatric-urinary-tract-infection-a-hospital-based-experience
#13
Khursheed Ahmed Wani, Mohd Ashraf, Javaid Ahmed Bhat, Nazir Ahmed Parry, Lubna Shaheen, Sartaj Ali Bhat
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is one of the commonly encountered entities by paediatricians. Studies have shown easy vulnerability of paediatric urinary tract in any acute febrile illness and a miss in diagnosis could have long term consequences like renal scaring with its adverse effects. Bearing these evidence based preludes in view we designed our study to know the prevalence of UTI in Kashmir province. AIM: Aim of the present study was to know the prevalence of UTI in febrile children and to know the sensitivity of different imaging modalities like Renal and Urinary Bladder Ultrasonography (RUS), Voiding Cystourethrography (VCUG) and Dimercaptosuccinic Acid (DMSA) scan in diagnosing UTI...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891339/bacteriological-profile-of-isolates-from-urine-samples-in-patients-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-and-or-prostatitis-showing-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#14
Prem Prakash Mishra, Ved Prakash, Kashmir Singh, H Mog, Sumit Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) or Prostatitis is increasing considerably worldwide. The Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) due to bacterial aetiology are one of the common factors for the complications among the patients. AIM: To determine the bacterial agents and their antibiotic sensitivity pattern from the urine samples of patients of BPH or Prostatitis showing symptoms of LUTS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study was carried out in the Department of Microbiology of Rohilkhand Medical College and Hospital of Northern India from June 2014 to May 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890087/molecular-phylogeny-diversity-community-structure-and-plant-growth-promoting-properties-of-fungal-endophytes-associated-with-the-corms-of-saffron-plant-an-insight-into-the-microbiome-of-crocus-sativus-linn
#15
Zahoor Ahmed Wani, Dania Nazir Mirza, Palak Arora, Syed Riyaz-Ul-Hassan
A total of 294 fungal endophytes were isolated from the corms of Crocus sativus at two stages of crocus life cycle collected from 14 different saffron growing sites in Jammu and Kashmir (J & K) State, India. Molecular phylogeny assigned them into 36 distinct internal transcribed spacer (ITS) genotypes which spread over 19 genera. The diversity of endophytes was higher at the dormant than at the vegetative stage. The Saffron microbiome was dominated by Phialophora mustea and Cadophora malorum, both are dark septate endophytes (DSEs)...
December 2016: Fungal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883042/two-novel-viruses-associated-with-the-apis-mellifera-pathogenic-mite-varroa-destructor
#16
Sofia Levin, Noa Sela, Nor Chejanovsky
Varroa destructor infestation of Apis mellifera colonies carries and/or promotes replication of honey bee viruses like the Deformed wing virus, the Varroa destructor virus-1, the Acute bee paralysis virus, the Israeli acute bee paralysis virus and the Kashmir bee virus that have been well described and characterized; but viruses exclusively associated with Varroa were not found. To look for viruses that may associate with- or infect V. destructor we performed deep sequencing (RNA-seq) of RNA extracted from honey bees and mites in Varroa-infested untreated colonies...
November 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876961/intestinal-helminth-infections-among-children-of-district-shopian-of-kashmir-valley-india
#17
Showkat Ahmad Wani, Ayshia Amin
Intestinal helminth infections are amongst the most common infections worldwide. Studies in other districts of Kashmir Valley revealed a high prevalence of intestinal helminth infections among the children. The objectives of the current study were to determine the prevalence of intestinal helminth infections among children of Shopian district and to identify associated socio-demographic and environmental actors, behavioral habits and also related complaints. Stool samples were collected from 352 children and a questionnaire was filled for each case...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876941/toxocara-vitulorum-in-a-suckling-calf-a-case-study
#18
Rayies Ahmed, Z A Wani, I M Allaie, M S Bushra, H A Hussain
The present clinical case reports toxocariosis in a suckling calf and its management. One and a half month old crossbred Jersey calf was presented at a Veterinary Clinics, District Pulwama, Kashmir with a history of intermittent diarrhea, poor growth, weakness, moderate dehydration and anorexia. On inspection, the calf showed normal physiological parameters viz; body temperature, pulse rate and respiration rate. On faecal examination, eggs of Toxocara vitulorum were found. The animal was treated with 30 ml suspension of 1...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876919/oestrus-ovis-larvae-in-nasal-cavity-of-sheep-a-case-report
#19
I M Allaie, Z A Wani, A H Malik, R A Shahardar, M Zulhuma
The present communication reports the infestation of nasal cavities of sheep by larvae of Oestrus ovis from Kashmir Valley.
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857789/epidemiology-of-the-neural-tube-defects-in-kashmir-valley
#20
Masood Ahmed Laharwal, Arif Hussain Sarmast, Altaf Umer Ramzan, Abrar Ahad Wani, Nayil Khursheed Malik, Sajad Hussain Arif, Masooma Rizvi
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND: Neural tube defects (NTD) are the most common congenital malformations affecting the brain and spinal cord and have a multifactorial etiology. Genetic and environmental factors have been found to cause these defects, both individually and in combination. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, types, demographics, risk factors, and other associated anomalies relevant to NTDs in Kashmir Valley. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 2-year hospital-based prospective study was carried out from November 2013 to October 2015...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
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