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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293154/coverage-and-predictors-of-routine-immunization-among-12-23-months-old-children-in-disaster-affected-communities-in-pakistan
#1
Shafiq Ur Rehman, Amna Rehana Siddiqui, Jamil Ahmed, Zafar Fatmi, Sayed Masoom Shah, Aisha Rahman, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai
OBJECTIVES: We aimed this study to determine the relationship of various factors related to poor immunization in children in an earthquake affected community. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted this cross-sectional study during 2007-2008 in Muzaffarabad district of Pakistani side of Kashmir. We selected 43 villages as clusters and in the second, 860 children between 12 and 24 months were selected from households through systematic sampling. Mothers of the eligible children were interviewed with a questionnaire...
January 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289358/pattern-of-high-voltage-electrical-injuries-in-the-kashmir-valley-a-10-year-single-centre-experience
#2
R A Kasana, P U F Baba, A H Wani
The objective was to study the clinical profile of high voltage electrical injuries in Kashmir, and various prevention and safety measures to bring down the incidence of such injuries in the future. All patients (176) with high voltage electrical injuries reporting to our centre from January 2001 to December 2010 were included in the study. The most common age group was 20-40 years, with mean age of 29.77 ± 8.98 years. Incidence was higher among the rural population (68.75%) than in urban areas (31.25%), and in the winter months...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286150/antimicrobial-activity-of-crude-fractions-and-morel-compounds-from-wild-edible-mushrooms-of-north-western-himalaya
#3
Nowsheen Shameem, Azra N Kamili, Mushtaq Ahmad, F A Masoodi, Javid A Parray
The antimicrobial properties of morel compounds from wild edible mushrooms (Morchella esculenta and Verpa bohemica) from Kashmir valley was investigated against different clinical pathogens. The butanol crude fraction of most popular or true morel M. esculenta showed highest 19 mm IZD against E.coli while as same fraction of Verpa bohemica exhibited 15 mm IZD against same strain. The ethyl acetate and butanol crude fractions of both morels also exhibited good antifungal activity with highest IZD shown against A...
March 7, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258467/diabetes-in-immigrant-tibetan-muslims-in-kashmir-north-india
#4
Mirza Shohiab Ur Riyaz, Majid Khalil Rather, Parvaiz A Koul
Tibetan Muslims have migrated from Lhasa (3000 m altitude) to Srinagar, India (altitude 1500 m) about 55 years back. We set out to study the prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes among this immigrant population. All consenting adults aged ≥18 years were questioned about a previous history of diabetes or any other medical history. Anthropometric data were recorded. Fasting blood glucose was measured in duplicate by Accu-check glucometer and HbA1C levels were measured. Of the 281 participants, 26 (9.25%) had diabetes whereas 46 (16...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237305/investigation-of-pm2-5-mass-concentration-over-india-using-a-regional-climate-model
#5
Sherin Hassan Bran, Rohit Srivastava
Seasonal variation of PM2.5 (Particulate Matter <2.5 μm) mass concentration simulated from WRF-Chem (Weather Research and Forecasting coupled with Chemistry) over Indian sub-continent are studied. The simulated PM2.5 are also compared with the observations during winter, pre-monsoon, monsoon and post-monsoon seasons of 2008. Higher value of simulated PM2.5 is observed during winter followed by post-monsoon, while lower values are found during monsoon. Indo-Gangetic Basin (IGB) exhibits high amount of PM2...
February 22, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236149/hydrochemical-characterization-and-pollution-assessment-of-groundwater-in-jammu-siwaliks-india
#6
Shakil A Romshoo, Reyaz Ahmad Dar, Khalid Omar Murtaza, Irfan Rashid, Farooq A Dar
Physico-chemical groundwater (GW) parameters were evaluated to understand the hydrogeochemical processes in the Siwalik plains of Jammu and Kashmir, India. During the 2012-2013 post-monsoon (POM) and pre-monsoon (PRM) seasons, GW samples (n = 207) from deep bore wells and shallow open wells were chemically analysed. Cations (Ca(2+), Mg(2+), Na(+), K(+) and Fe(2+)) and anions (HCO3(-), Cl(-), SO4(2-) and F(-)) showed a wide spatio-temporal variation. Results suggest that weathering and dissolution of carbonates and silicate rocks is the main source of water mineralization...
March 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216727/high-altitude-dermatology
#7
Lt Col G K Singh
Approximately, 140 million people worldwide live permanently at high altitudes (HAs) and approximately another 40 million people travel to HA area (HAA) every year for reasons of occupation, sports or recreation. In India, whole of Ladakh region, part of Northwest Kashmir, Northern part of Sikkim and Tenga valley of Arunachal are considered inhabited areas of HAA. The low quantity of oxygen, high exposure of ultraviolet (UV) light, very low humidity, extreme subzero temperature in winter, high wind velocity, make this region difficult for lowlanders as well as for tourists...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208900/fuchs-heterochromic-iridocylitis-clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-of-cataract-extraction-with-intra-ocular-lens-implantation-in-a-kashmiri-population-a-hospital-based-study
#8
Wasim Rashid, Imtiyaz Lone, Adil Majid Mir, Aamir Rashid, Mehreen Latif
INTRODUCTION: Fuchs Heterochromic Iridocylitis (FHI) is a rare form of uveitis which is frequently complicated by cataract and glaucoma, but it does not show typical features of uveitis like pain, redness and posterior synechia. AIM: To study the clinical characteristics and outcome of cataract extraction with Intra Ocular Lens (IOL) implantation in patients with FHI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present prospective study was carried out in the Postgraduate Department of Ophthalmology, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS), Bemina from March 2012 to January 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206950/use-of-pellet-guns-for-crowd-control-in-kashmir-how-lethal-is-non-lethal
#9
Siddarth David
The use of pellet guns during the recent unrest in Kashmir as a method of crowd control has been questioned because of several deaths and numerous injuries. Across the world, these rubber pellets have been shown to inflict serious injuries, permanent disability, and death. The volatility of mob violence, inaccuracies in aim of the pellets, over-use of the pellet guns, and the perception of their harmlessness enhances the destructive potential of these so-called non-lethal weapons. There is also the larger ethical question whether any form of pain, however minimal, could be inflicted to control violent crowds...
December 13, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195538/a-question-of-ethics-not-nationalism-author-s-response
#10
Siddarth David
The aim of the comment "Use of pellet guns for crowd control in Kashmir: How lethal is 'non-lethal'?" was neither to disparage the armed forces, nor recommend counterinsurgency strategies, nor support any particular community or group. It sought to raise discussions around the question pointed out by the responder himself, namely, "the ethical point of view" on the use of pellet guns in controlling violent mobs. The author also feels that the question is not so much about "favouring" the protestors or the security forces, but whether an instrument that causes significant fatalities and morbidities among bystanders should continue to be used as a method of crowd control...
January 27, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195534/should-a-medical-ethics-journal-discuss-the-actions-of-the-security-forces
#11
Ravindra B Ghooi
This refers to the comment "Use of pellet guns for crowd control in Kashmir: How lethal is 'non-lethal'?" by Siddarth David in the Indian Journal of Medical Ethics. My objection is not to the ethics of the use of pellet guns, but to the ethics of publishing such an article in a journal devoted to medical ethics.
January 27, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192466/descriptive-study-of-plant-resources-in-the-context-of-the-ethnomedicinal-relevance-of-indigenous-flora-a-case-study-from-toli-peer-national-park-azad-jammu-and-kashmir-pakistan
#12
Muhammad Shoaib Amjad, Mirza Faisal Qaeem, Israr Ahmad, Sami Ullah Khan, Sunbal Khalil Chaudhari, Nafeesa Zahid Malik, Humaira Shaheen, Arshad Mehmood Khan
BACKGROUND: This paper presents the first quantitative ethnobotanical study of the flora in Toli Peer National Park of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. Being a remote area, there is a strong dependence by local people on ethnobotanical practices. Thus, we attempted to record the folk uses of the native plants of the area with a view to acknowledging and documenting the ethnobotanical knowledge. The aims of the study were to compile an inventory of the medicinal plants in the study area and to record the methods by which herbal drugs were prepared and administered...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184052/special-feature-project-kashmir-2016
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161358/assessment-of-species-richness-in-lake-dal-kashmir-based-on-classical-approach-physiological-approach-and-rdna-its-sequences-from-isolates
#14
Suhaib A Bandh, Azra N Kamili, Bashir A Ganai, Bashir A Lone
As a first description to document the species richness in Dal Lake, a freshwater lake ecosystem in Kashmir valley, an extensive network of sixteen sampling stations with distinguishing features was sampled seasonally for two years. The identification process yielded fifty-one species probably first and new records for this area to date. The taxonomic groups observed were those with species from Ascomycetes (inclusive of yeasts), Basidiomycetes, Blastocladiomycetes, Zygomycetes, and Peronosporomycetes. Each phylum was represented by a single Order, with the exception of the Peronosporomycetes, which was represented by two Orders- Saprolegniales and Pythiales...
March 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159660/anticoccidial-activity-of-artemisia-vestita-anthemideae-asteraceae-a-traditional-herb-growing-in-the-western-himalayas-kashmir-india
#15
Shazia Ahad, Syed Tanveer, Irshad Ahmad Nawchoo, Tauseef Ahmad Malik
Coccidiosis, caused by various species of genus Eimeria, is a major parasitic disease in chicken. The increasing resistance of these parasites to currently used anticoccidial drugs has stimulated the search for new methods of control. As part of this effort, a study was designed to see the anticoccidial effect of different solvent extracts of Artemisia vestita-a traditional herb growing in Kashmir Himalayas. The plant extracts were prepared using different solvents. Preliminary toxicity study was first carried out to see the safety of crude plant extracts...
March 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150900/discovery-of-antimicrobial-and-antitubercular-molecules-from-fusarium-solani-an-endophyte-of-glycyrrhiza-glabra
#16
Aiyatullah Shah, Muzafar Ahmad Rather, Parvaiz H Qazi, Mushtaq A Aga, Saleem Mushtaq, Aabid Manzoor Shah, Aehtesham Hussain, Shoib A Baba, Zahoor Ahmad
AIM: Glycyrrhiza glabra is a high value medicinal plant thriving in biodiversity rich Kashmir Himalaya. The present study was designed to explore the fungal endophytes from G glabra as a source of bioactive molecules. METHODS AND RESULTS: The extracts prepared from the isolated endophytes were evaluated for antimicrobial activities using broth micro-dilution assay. The endophytic strain coded as A2 exhibiting promising antibacterial as well as antituberculosis activity was identified as Fusarium solani by ITS-5...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144091/clinicopathological-profile-of-gastrointestinal-lymphomas-in-kashmir
#17
Mehnaaz Sultan Khuroo, Summyia Farooq Khwaja, Ajaz Rather, Zhahid Hassan, Ruby Reshi, Naira Sultan Khuroo
BACKGROUND: The histological categorization of lymphoma has been a source of controversy for many years for both clinicians and pathologists. Clinicopathologic information of gastrointestinal lymphomas in Indian subcontinent is lacking. We studied histopathological spectrum of Primary Gastrointestinal Lymphomas (PGIL) and attempted to classify the G.I. lymphomas based on the recent WHO classification in to major histological types and immunological categories. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was done to evaluate the clinicopathological pattern of 100 cases with a histopathological diagnosis of primary gastrointestinal lymphoma at a tertiary care hospital...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131169/multiple-sclerosis-in-kashmir-where-we-stand
#18
REVIEW
Insha Zahoor, Ehtishamul Haq, Ravouf Asimi
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disabling neurological disorder commonly diagnosed in young adults. Its causes still remain inexplicable and presently it can only be managed by different drug treatments. There has been a remarkable shift in MS perspective across world. One of its peculiar attribute is unstable (changing) prevalence rate across different parts of the world. Earlier MS was believed to be less prevalent in India, however, there has been growing evidence suggesting its increasing prevalence which has changed its perspective from being less prevalent to more prevalent...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130767/production-and-characterization-of-organic-solvent-tolerant-cellulase-from-bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-ak9-isolated-from-hot-spring
#19
Muhammad Irfan, Ammara Tayyab, Fariha Hasan, Samiullah Khan, Malik Badshah, Aamer Ali Shah
A cellulase-producing bacterium, designated as strain AK9, was isolated from a hot spring of Tatta Pani, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. The bacterium was identified as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens through 16S rRNA sequencing. Cellulase from strain AK9 was able to liberate glucose from soluble cellulose and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC). Enzyme was purified through size exclusion chromatography and a single band of ∼47 kDa was observed on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The enzyme was purified with recovery of 35...
January 27, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127170/dental-caries-status-of-institutionalized-orphan-children-from-jammu-and-kashmir-india
#20
Aasim F Shah, Pradeep Tangade, T L Ravishankar, Amit Tirth, Sumit Pal, Manu Batra
INTRODUCTION: It has been well documented that the absence of family support influences the general and oral health of the children. Factors that lead to the development of disease at a given point in time are likely to have their roots in a complex chain of environmental events that may have begun years before. A number of studies have examined the relationship between dental caries and material deprivation and found a positive association between them. Though orphans contribute to 2% of world's population, literature regarding their oral health status is very scarce...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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