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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717440/stigmatic-limitations-on-reproductive-success-in-a-paleotropical-tree-causes-and-consequences
#1
Madhu Raina, Raman Kumar, Veenu Kaul
Success in reproduction is subject to the successful initiation as well as successful completion of a chain of consecutive events starting from flower formation and ending with viable seed production. A pivotal role in this chain is played by the stigma which is the seat of pollen recognition and initiation of pollen-pistil interaction. An interesting feature of the family Bignoniaceae is the presence of thigmosensitive stigmas which open, close and re-open in response to touch. Kigelia pinnata bears a touch sensitive stigma and is a low fruit setter in Jammu and Kashmir (India)...
July 2017: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712204/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-corona-virus-alert-verification-in-mirpur-azad-kashmir
#2
Mumtaz Ali Khan, Muhammad Ishaq, Mujeeb Ur Rehman, Asim Altaf, Mirza Aamir Baig, Safdar Rana, Jaleel Kamran, Muazam Abbas Ranjha, Jawad Asgher Rana
BACKGROUND: Middle East Respiratory-Corona virus (MERS-CoV), SARS like virus, identified in September 2012 in Middle-East. February 2013, an elderly man, who visited Pakistan and KSA, was confirmed as MRS-CoV in UK. A team visited Mirpur to assess current and past SARI trends in major indoor facilities, to explore possible contact of the patient with known or suspected SARI case during his stay in Pakistan and enlist close contacts. METHODS: Review of indoor records in hospitals, interviews with relatives & physicians and active contact tracing using operational case definition...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709487/factors-affecting-applicability-of-home-based-interventional-model-for-active-case-finding-among-household-contacts-of-index-cases-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-kashmir
#3
Ghulam Hassan Khatana, Muneer Masoodi, Mariya Amin
BACKGROUND: There are various biological, behavioural and social determinants associated with the epidemiology of pulmonary tuberculosis (P-TB) which have been extensively described in literature. Present study was conducted to know the influence of such factors on the "home-based interventional model" for active case finding among household contacts of index P-TB cases. METHODS: In a quasi-randomized controlled interventional study, the "home-based interventional model" for active case finding was applied to index P-TB cases and their household contacts of interventional group of study subjects...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706389/current-mycological-profile-of-onychomycosis-in-kashmir-valley-a-hospital-based-study
#4
Nazir Asifa, Kanth Farhath
INTRODUCTION: Onychomycosis is a common nail ailment associated with significant physical and psychological morbidity. It is caused by dermatophytes, nondermatophytic molds, and yeasts. Increased prevalence in the recent years is attributed to enhanced longevity, comorbid conditions such as diabetes, avid sports participation, and emergence of HIV. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to identify the mycological profile and etiological agents associated with this infection...
July 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680084/a-variation-in-pank2-gene-is-causing-pantothenate-kinase-associated-neurodegeneration-in-a-family-from-jammu-and-kashmir-india
#5
Arshia Angural, Inderpal Singh, Ankit Mahajan, Pranav Pandoh, Manoj K Dhar, Sanjana Kaul, Vijeshwar Verma, Ekta Rai, Sushil Razdan, Kamal Kishore Pandita, Swarkar Sharma
Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration is a rare hereditary neurodegenerative disorder associated with nucleotide variation(s) in mitochondrial human Pantothenate kinase 2 (hPanK2) protein encoding PANK2 gene, and is characterized by symptoms of extra-pyramidal dysfunction and accumulation of non-heme iron predominantly in the basal ganglia of the brain. In this study, we describe a familial case of PKAN from the State of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), India based on the clinical findings and genetic screening of two affected siblings born to consanguineous normal parents...
July 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672018/correction-descriptive-study-of-plant-resources-in-the-context-of-the-ethnomedicinal-relevance-of-indigenous-flora-a-case-study-from-toli-peer-national-park-azad-jammu-and-kashmir-pakistan
#6
Muhammad Shoaib Amjad, Mirza Faisal Qaseem, Israr Ahmad, Sami Ullah Khan, Sunbal Khalil Chaudhari, Nafeesa Zahid Malik, Humaira Shaheen, Arshad Mahmood Khan
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0171896.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660519/alterations-in-liver-marker-enzymes-and-recovery-ability-of-cyprinids-as-indicators-of-aquatic-pollution
#7
Maryum Meraj, Md Niamat Ali, Bashir A Ganai, Farooz A Bhat, Hilal A Ganaie, Abrar Ahmed
Information on the detection of pesticides in fresh water Lakes of Kashmir (Dal and Mansbal) through GC-MS technique is scarce, and also the recovery in biochemical parameters (AST, ALT and ALP) of fish after transferring them to clean media has not been reported yet. The water samples were collected from three sites and analyzed for their pesticide profile by dispersive liquid-liquid micro extraction (DLLME) followed by GC-MS. Influence of pesticides on liver marker enzymes of Cyprinus carpio and Carassius carassius was also investigated...
June 29, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658896/evaluation-of-impact-of-pregnancy-on-oral-health-status-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-women-of-kashmir-valley
#8
Aasim Farooq Shah, Manu Batra, Ambrina Qureshi
INTRODUCTION: Oral health is a key component of overall health and wellbeing of women throughout life; and particularly important prior to conception and during pregnancy. Pregnancy affects both general health as well as the oral health related quality of life. AIM: To assess the difference in oral health status and related quality of life among pregnant, postpartum and non pregnant women of Kashmir valley. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted among a convenient sample of 900 women (22-37 years) attending Sheri-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS) Maternity Hospital, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653921/conservation-of-indigenous-knowledge-of-medicinal-plants-of-western-himalayan-region-rawalakot-azad-kashmir-pakistan
#9
Sajjad Hussain, Ghulam Murtaza, Ansar Mehmood, Rizwana Aleem Qureshi
The aim of present was to document indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants traditionally used by inhabitants of Rawalakot Azad Kashmir and to screen selected medicinal plants for their antibacterial potential. Several field surveys were conducted to document indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants through interviews from local inhabitants during 2010-2013. During the study, 58 plant species, belonging to 37 families, were identified and their medicinal uses were recorded. Ethnobotanical data indicates that inhabitants of Rawalakot use medicinal plant mainly for the treatment of stomach, liver and sexual disorders...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649263/survey-of-high-throughput-rna-seq-data-reveals-potential-roles-for-lncrnas-during-development-and-stress-response-in-bread-wheat
#10
Shumayla, Shailesh Sharma, Mehak Taneja, Shivi Tyagi, Kashmir Singh, Santosh K Upadhyay
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a family of regulatory RNAs that play essential role in the various developmental processes and stress responses. Recent advances in sequencing technology and computational methods enabled identification and characterization of lncRNAs in certain plant species, but they are less known in Triticum aestivum (bread wheat). Herein, we analyzed 52 RNA seq data (>30 billion reads) and identified 44,698 lncRNAs in T. aestivum genome, which were characterized in comparison to the coding sequences (mRNAs)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647504/antimicrobial-investigation-of-selected-soil-actinomycetes-isolated-from-unexplored-regions-of-kashmir-himalayas-india
#11
Aabid Manzoor Shah, Shakeel-U-Rehman, Aehtesham Hussain, Saleem Mushtaq, Muzafar Ahmad Rather, Aiyatullah Shah, Zahoor Ahmad, Inshad Ali Khan, Khursheed Ahmad Bhat, Qazi Parvaiz Hassan
The aim of the present study was to isolate and evaluate the antimicrobial potential of soil actinomycetes of Kashmir Himalayas. The secondary metabolites of actinomycetes are the prominent source of antibiotics. A total of 121 morphologically different actinomycete strains were isolated and screened for antimicrobial activity against various human pathogens. The ethyl acetate extract of fermented broth an actinomycete strain, identified as Streptomyces pratensis exhibited significant antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213 with MIC 0...
June 22, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647189/ethnobotanical-profiling-of-the-medicinal-flora-of-kotli-azad-jammu-and-kashmir-pakistan-empirical-reflections-on-multinomial-logit-specifications
#12
Muhammad Shoaib Amjad, Muhammad Arshad, Abdul Saboor, Sue Page, Sunbal Khalil Chaudhari
OBJECTIVE: To report the indigenous people's uses of plants from a multidimensional perspective in a remote area where strong ethnobotanical cultural practices prevail. METHODS: An ethnobotanical survey was conducted in the field during 2014-2016. Ethnobotanical data were gathered from 182 informants through oral interviews and semi-structured questionnaires. The distribution of plants was explored using both descriptive and graphical methods. Further, a Multinomial Logit Specification was applied to find out the probability of the occurrence of diverse utilization of plants in multipurpose domains...
May 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630031/response-to-david-s-article-on-the-use-of-pellet-guns-in-kashmir
#13
Ratna Magotra
I am distressed by the political inclination of the journal reflected in publishing the article by Siddarth David in a recent issue of Indian Journal of Medical Ethics. The journal has tried to redeem its image by publishing a counterview by Ravindra Ghooi. I feel more voices need to be heard on the utter unsuitability of David's comments on the use of pellet guns by security forces in Kashmir in a medical ethics journal.
June 13, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615845/efficacy-of-ivermectin-closantel-and-fenbendazole-against-gastrointestinal-nematodes-of-sheep-in-kashmir-valley
#14
S R Tramboo, R A Shahardar, I M Allaie, Z A Wani, Maria Abbas
The present work was undertaken to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of ivermectin, closantel and fenbendazole under field conditions against Gastrointestinal Nematodes (GIN) of cross bred merino sheep in Budgam area of Kashmir Valley. A total of 115 sheep having Egg per gram of faeces (EPG) greater than or equal to 150 (mean EPG 258.89) were selected. The animals were randomly divided into four groups comprising of 30 animals each in three treatment groups (ivermectin, closantel and fenbendazole) and twenty-five in fourth untreated infected control group...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607437/single-stranded-rna-viruses-infecting-the-invasive-argentine-ant-linepithema-humile
#15
Monica A M Gruber, Meghan Cooling, James W Baty, Kevin Buckley, Anna Friedlander, Oliver Quinn, Jessica F E J Russell, Alexandra Sébastien, Philip J Lester
Social insects host a diversity of viruses. We examined New Zealand populations of the globally widely distributed invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile) for RNA viruses. We used metatranscriptomic analysis, which identified six potential novel viruses in the Dicistroviridae family. Of these, three contigs were confirmed by Sanger sequencing as Linepithema humile virus-1 (LHUV-1), a novel strain of Kashmir bee virus (KBV) and Black queen cell virus (BQCV), while the others were chimeric or misassembled sequences...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597156/molecular-characterization-of-indigenous-bacillus-thuringiensis-strains-isolated-from-kashmir-valley
#16
A L Reyaz, L Gunapriya, P Indra Arulselvi
Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) being an eco-friendly bioinsecticide is effectively used in pest management strategies and, therefore, isolation and identification of new strains effective against a broad range of target pests is important. In the present study, new indigenous B. thuringiensis strains were isolated and investigated so that these could be used as an alternative and/or support the current commercial strains/cry proteins in use. For this, 159 samples including soil, leaf and spider webs were collected from ten districts of Kashmir valley (India)...
June 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589837/description-of-a-new-quadrigyrid-acanthocephalan-from-kashmir-with-notes-on-metal-analysis-and-histopathology-and-a-key-to-species-of-the-subgenus-acanthosentis-from-the-indian-subcontinent
#17
Omar M Amin, Richard A Heckmann, Ummer Rashid Zargar
Acanthogyrus (Acanthosentis) kashmirensis n. sp. is described from recently collected acanthocephalan specimens in the Jhelum River in northern Kashmir that are conspecific with Neoechinorhynchus kashmirensis Fotedar & Dhar, 1977 originally described in an unpublished Ph.D. thesis in 1972 from 4 species of cyprinid fishes, Tor tor Hamilton, Bangana diplostoma (Heckel) [syn. Labeo diplostoma Heckel] , Labeo rohita Hamilton and Ptychobarbus sp. Steindachner. The poor unpublished diagnosis was followed by one uninformative abstract in a scientific meeting in 1977...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584754/occupational-dermatoses-among-cottage-industry-workers-of-kashmir-valley-in-north-india
#18
Saniya Akhtar, Iffat Hassan, Farhan Rasool, Yasmeen J Bhat, Gousia Sheikh
INTRODUCTION: Cottage industry is usually a small-scale industry operated from home by family members using their own equipment. Kashmir has a unique cottage industry of its own which deals with production of many handicrafts, which may lead to a peculiar pattern of skin diseases in these artisans. Aim: The aim of this study was to find out the pattern of skin disorders in the cottage industry workers of Kashmir valley, with primary focus on the occupation-related dermatoses and to identify the most common cutaneous manifestation in these workers...
May 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584739/profile-of-lymphadenopathy-an-institutional-based-cytomorphological-study
#19
Aneeta Singh Malhotra, Mega Lahori, Arti Nigam, Arvind Khajuria
INTRODUCTION: Lymphadenopathy is one of the most common clinical presentations of patients attending the outdoor department of a hospital. Lymph node aspiration is of great value for the diagnosis of lymphadenitis, lymphomas, and metastatic carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we have reported the pattern of cytological diagnosis on fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of lymphadenopathy cases in Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir state of India. The mean age of all the patients in this study was 21...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572124/the-association-between-chronic-airflow-obstruction-and-poverty-in-12-sites-of-the-multinational-bold-study
#20
John Townend, Cosetta Minelli, Kevin Mortimer, Daniel O Obaseki, Mohammed Al Ghobain, Hamid Cherkaski, Myriam Denguezli, Kirthi Gunesekera, Hasan Hafizi, Parvaiz A Koul, Li C Loh, Chakib Nejjari, Jaymini Patel, Talant Sooronbayev, Sonia A Buist, Peter G J Burney
Poverty is strongly associated with mortality from COPD, but little is known of its relation to airflow obstruction.In a cross-sectional study of adults aged ≥40 years from 12 sites (N=9255), participating in the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) study, poverty was evaluated using a wealth score (0-10) based on household assets. Obstruction, measured as forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC) (%) after administration of 200 μg salbutamol, and prevalence of FEV1/FVC<lower limit of normal were tested for association with poverty for each site, and the results were combined by meta-analysis...
June 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
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