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Rajesh Yadav, Dundaiah Somashekar, Samir V Sodha, Kayla F Laserson, Srinivasa Venkatesh, Himanshu Chauhan
OBJECTIVES: Torrential rainfall and flooding from September 2-6, 2014 submerged >350 villages in Jammu and Kashmir state. We conducted rapid needs assessment in capital Srinagar from 27 September to 1 October to assess population health and safety needs. METHODS: Based on Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) methodology, we selected 7 households each from 30 census blocks using 2-stage cluster sampling. We collected information on demographics, needs, and illnesses using structured questionnaire...
March 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Tambri Housen, Annick Lenglet, Cono Ariti, Shabnum Ara, Showkat Shah, Maqbool Dar, Arshad Hussain, Altaf Paul, Zahoor Wagay, Kerri Viney, Simon Janes, Giovanni Pintaldi
The present study aimed to culturally adapt, translate, and validate the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (HSCL-25) and the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire-Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms Checklist (HTQ-16) prior to use in a cross-sectional mental health population survey in the Kashmir Valley. Cultural adaptation and translation of the HSCL-25 and the HTQ-16 employed multiple forms of transcultural validity check. The HSCL-25 and HTQ-16 were compared against a "gold standard" structured psychiatric interview, the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Ajay Kumar, Sumit Sharma, Rohit Mehra, Saurabh Narang, Rosaline Mishra
Background The inhalation doses resulting from the exposure to radon, thoron, and their progeny are important quantities in estimating the radiation risk for epidemiological studies as the average global annual effective dose due to radon and its progeny is 1.3 mSv as compared to that of 2.4 mSv due to all other natural sources of ionizing radiation. Objectives The annual inhalation dose has been assessed with an aim of investigating the health risk to the inhabitants of the studied region. Methods Time integrated deposition based222 Rn/220 Rn sensors have been used to measure concentrations in 146 dwellings of Udhampur district, Jammu and Kashmir...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Malik Mukhtar Ahmad, Ashraf Alam Wani, Mubashir Sofi, Ishrat Ara
The study was undertaken to ascertain the persistence of Orchol-13, a mineral oil used against insect pests of horticultural fruit crops in soil and apple following the dormant and summer applications of 2 and 0.75% respectively. Soil samples were collected during dormant, while as both soil and apple samples were collected during summer season. Samples were collected at 0, 1, 3, and 5 days post treatment in both the seasons. Average recoveries of paraffinic constituents (which constitute about 60% of mineral oils by composition) from soil and apple at 1 μg ml-1 spiking level were found to be 74...
March 9, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Manisha Chownk, Jashandeep Kaur, Kashmir Singh, Jagdeep Kaur
AIM: mbtJ from Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv is a member of mbt A-J operon required for mycobactin biogenesis. MATERIALS & METHODS: The esterase/acetyl-hydrolase activity of mbtJ was determined by pNP-esters/native-PAGE and expression under iron stress by quantitative-PCR. Effect of gene on growth/survival of Mycobacterium was studied using antisense. Its effect on morphology, growth/infection was studied in Mycobacterium smegmatis. RESULTS: It showed acetyl hydrolase/esterase activity at pH 8...
March 9, 2018: Future Microbiology
Javid A Parray, Azra N Kamili, Sumira Jan, Mohammad Yaseen Mir, Nowsheen Shameem, Bashir A Ganai, Elsayed Fathi Abd Allah, Abeer Hashem, Abdulaziz A Alqarawi
Arnebia benthamii of the family Boraginaceae is a critically endangered nonendemic plant of the Kashmir Himalayas and is used to treat a number of human diseases. The current study was based on developing an in vitro micropropagation protocol vis-à-vis induction of various secondary metabolites under in vitro conditions for the possible biological activity. A tissue culture protocol was developed for A. benthamii for the first time in the Himalayan region using varied combinations and proper media formulations, including various adjuvants: Murashige and Skoog (MS) media, growth hormones, sugars, agar, and so forth...
2018: BioMed Research International
Mohd Altaf Paul, Waheeda Khan
Prevalence of mental disorders among children is affected by armed conflict and same is true in protracted conflict of Kashmir, where the ongoing conflict has affected mental health of children badly. In order to understand mental health condition of school going children, the present study was designed to study the nature and prevalence of mental disorders among school children in Kashmir valley. The present study employed multi-stage sampling and multi-informant reporting of mental health problems in children...
March 5, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Sandeep Kotwal, Geeta Sumbali, Supriya Sharma, Sanjana Kaul
Dermatophytes are considered as the main pathogens responsible for onychomycosis, but recently successive isolations of yeast-like fungi from the infected nails has led to consider these also as primary agents of nail infections. Trichosporon species which are non-candidal, basidiomycetous, yeast-like, anamorphic fungi are commonly isolated from soil but they are also emerging as important etiological agents of onychomycosis. Three species of Trichosporon viz., T. asahii, T. asteroides and T. faecale were isolated from the infected nails of three female members of a family from district Doda of Jammu and Kashmir State...
March 3, 2018: Mycoses
Tanveer A Sofi, Fayaz Ahmad
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1007/s12639-012-0185-1.].
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Neelam Rashid, Rodrigue Castro Gbedomon, Mushtaq Ahmad, Valère Kolawolé Salako, Muhammad Zafar, Khafsa Malik
BACKGROUND: Traditional knowledge about the use of medicinal plants for herbal drinks (HDs) is not well documented in the Azad Kashmir region despite their widespread use. This study highlights the taxonomic diversity and traditional knowledge on medicinal plants used for HDs while examining the diversity of diseases treated with HDs in the study area. METHODS: Individual discussions were conducted with 255 informants (84 women and 171 men). Data gathered included (i) informant age and gender, (ii) HD species and respective plant parts used, (iii) health disorders treated, and (iv) mode of preparation and utilizations...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Zainab Q Hakim, Gufran Beig, Srinivas Reka, Shakil A Romshoo, Irfan Rashid
The Kashmir Valley in India is one of the world's major tourist attractions and perceived as a pristine environment. Long term monitoring of fine particulate matter, PM2.5 (particles having aerodynamic diameter of 2.5 μm or less), responsible for deteriorating human health, has been done for the period 2013-14. Results indicate that air quality of the capital city Srinagar (34.1°N, 74.8°E) deteriorates significantly in particular during winter, where level of PM2.5 touches a peak value of 348 μg/m³ against the Indian permissible limit of 60 μg/m³...
February 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
Gurpreet Kaur, Varsha Dogra, Rajeev Kumar, Sandeep Kumar, Kashmir Singh
The present work aims at the fabrication of iron oxide nanocolloids using biocompatible microemulsion and their cytotoxic, genotoxic effect on Vitis vinifera plant has been evaluated. The three-iron based metallosurfactant complexes were synthesized. Nanosuspensions (Ns) were prepared using microemulsion technique and for the purpose, the microemulsion was prepared using oleic acid, butanol, tween 80 and as synthesized iron metallosurfactant. In this technique, no additional capping agent and/or reducing agent was added...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Nishtha Pandey, Tabassum Rashid, Rajeev Jalvi, Meenakshi Sharma, Raghunath Rangasayee, Khurshid Iqbal Andrabi, Anuranjan Anand
Background & objectives: A high incidence of hearing impairment is reported from the village of Dhadkai in the State of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Prevalence of endogamy in this community suggested a common genetic basis for the disorder. A genetic study was undertaken to ascertain the basis for the high incidence of hearing impairment in this region. Methods: In a two-step approach to identify the causative mutation/s, a whole-genome-based linkage analysis of an extended family of 45 members was carried out, which included 23 affected and 22 unaffected members...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Sumit Sharma, Ajay Kumar, Rohit Mehra, Manpreet Kaur, Rosaline Mishra
Indoor radon and thoron concentrations in the domestic environment result in natural radiation exposure to the public due to the inhalation of their short-lived decay products. Keeping this in view, the annual effective dose and other radiation risks due to radon/thoron progenies have been calculated. In this study, newly developed time deposition-based progeny sensors (DTPS/DRPS) were used for long-term passive determination of progeny concentrations in the environment of Jammu and Kashmir, Himalayas, India...
February 8, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Salik Nazki, Shakil A Wani, Rafia Parveen, Showkat A Ahangar, Zahid A Kashoo, Syed Hamid, Zahoor A Dar, Tanveer A Dar, Pervaiz A Dar
Aim: The study was conducted to report the occurrence of the Clostridium perfringens in sheep and goats of the Kashmir valley for the 1st time and to characterize them molecularly with respect to toxin genes to determine the prevalence of the various toxinotypes. Materials and Methods: A total of 177 samples (152 from sheep and 25 from goats) collected from healthy, diarrheic animals, and morbid material of animals suspected to have died of enterotoxaemia were screened for C...
December 2017: Veterinary World
Neeraj Choudhary, Vanya Bawa, Rajneesh Paliwal, Bikram Singh, Mohd Ashraf Bhat, Javid Iqbal Mir, Moni Gupta, Parvaze A Sofi, Mahendar Thudi, Rajeev K Varshney, Reyazul Rouf Mir
Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is one of the most important grain legume crops in the world. The beans grown in north-western Himalayas possess huge diversity for seed color, shape and size but are mostly susceptible to Anthracnose disease caused by seed born fungus Colletotrichum lindemuthianum. Dozens of QTLs/genes have been already identified for this disease in common bean world-wide. However, this is the first report of gene/QTL discovery for Anthracnose using bean germplasm from north-western Himalayas of state Jammu & Kashmir, India...
2018: PloS One
Maryam Akram Butt, Muhammad Zafar, Mushtaq Ahmad, Shazia Sultana, Fazal Ullah, Gul Jan, Ali Irfan, Syeda Andleeb Zahra Naqvi
In this study 12 species of Cyperaceae have been studied for quantitative and qualitative observation of pollen grains through Light and scanning electron microscopy. Pollens of 12 species of Cyperaceae from different wetlands of Azad Jammu and Kashmir were collected. Morphological characters of pollen grains were then investigated under the Light and Scanning electron microscope. Two pollen types have been observed apolar and heteropolar. Shape of pollens was prolate (4 spp), sub-spheroidal (7 spp), and oblate (1 spp)...
January 31, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
Kaiser Ahmad Dar, Naved Iqbal, Ankit Prakash, Mohd Altaf Paul
Exposure to disasters such as floods predisposes individuals for psychological distress such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and anxiety. Researchers exploring the association between flood-exposure and psychopathology attempt to understand the conditions and mechanisms through which potential benefits may occur. One such potential factor that may contribute to resilience in the face of disaster is social support system. However, there is scarcity of researches concerning the protective effects of social support following floods, in adult samples...
January 13, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Indu Sharma, Varun Sharma, Akbar Khan, Parvinder Kumar, Ekta Rai, Rameshwar N K Bamezai, Miguel Vilar, Swarkar Sharma
Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), the Northern most State of India, has been under-represented or altogether absent in most of the phylogenetic studies carried out in literature, despite its strategic location in the Himalayan region. Nonetheless, this region may have acted as a corridor to various migrations to and from mainland India, Eurasia or northeast Asia. The belief goes that most of the migrations post-late-Pleistocene were mainly male dominated, primarily associated with population invasions, where female migration may thus have been limited...
January 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Namita Sharma, Ayesha Ahmad, Gull M Bhat, Sheikh A Aziz, Mohammad Maqbool Lone, Nisar A Bhat
Aims: The purpose of this retroprospective study was to study the epidemiological characteristics and outcomes of children with solid tumors at our institution. Subjects and Methods: Three hundred and three pediatrics patients registered at Regional Cancer Centre (RCC), Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS), Srinagar, Kashmir, between January 2008 and June 2014, were analyzed with regard to demographic status, presenting complaints, investigations, treatment, morbidity, and outcomes...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
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