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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771391/age-dependent-inhalation-dose-due-to-exposure-of-short-lived-progeny-of-radon-and-thoron-for-different-age-groups-in-jammu-kashmir-himalayas
#1
Sumit Sharma, Ajay Kumar, Rohit Mehra
Dosimetric approach is used in this study for the assessment of doses due to inhalation of short lived radon/thoron progeny to the inhabitants of Udhampur district of Jammu & Kashmir. This paper also presents the activity concentrations and unattached fraction of radon and thoron progeny. The observed annual concentration of attached and unattached 222Rn and 220Rn progeny has been found to vary from 8 to 32 and 0.09 to 14 Bq/m3, 0.75 to 3.16 and 0.01 to 1.13 Bq/m3, respectively. The inhalation doses from radon progeny to different body organs of different age groups have been calculated by using the age dependent biokinetic model...
May 16, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719086/overexpression-of-genes-associated-with-hypoxia-in-cattle-adapted-to-trans-himalayan-region-of-ladakh
#2
Preeti Verma, Ankita Sharma, Monika Sodhi, Kiran Thakur, Vijay Bharti, Prabhat Kumar, Arup Giri, Sahil Kalia, Shelesh Kumar Swami, Manishi Mukesh
Ladakh is an important part of the Trans-Himalayan region located between the Kunlun mountain range in the north and the main Great Himalayas to the south in the state of Jammu and Kashmir of India. The local cattle from Leh and Ladakh region, known as "Ladakhi cattle" is a unique germplasm having excellent adaptation potential to high altitude hypobaric stress. In the present study, an effort was made to evaluate the transcriptional pattern of hypoxia inducing factor-1 (HIF-1) and several of its regulated genes in PBMCs of local Ladakhi cattle, Holstein Frisian crosses, Jersey (exotic) maintained at high altitude region and Sahiwal (Bos indicus) and Karan Fries (cross bred) cattle maintained in tropical environment...
May 2, 2018: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690370/an-updated-and-detailed-taxonomical-account-of-the-large-branchiopoda-crustacea-branchiopoda-anostraca-notostraca-spinicaudata-from-the-yale-north-india-expedition-deposited-in-the-yale-peabody-natural-history-museum
#3
Sameer M Padhye, Eric A Lazo-Wasem
We present an updated taxonomic account of a few of the large branchiopod species present in the collections of the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History. Our study shows that the Artemia species in the collections is not Artemia salina given the presence of spines at the base of the penis and its frontal knob morphology. This population cannot be assigned to any particular species due to lack of comparative material of other Artemia species and therefore, now reduces the authentic distribution record of Artemia salina to just one in the subcontinent...
March 13, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690286/description-of-loffienema-dhanoriensis-gen-n-sp-n-nematoda-rhabditidae-from-jammu-and-kashmir-state-india
#4
Ali A Shah, Kaisar Ahmad Allie, Shavish Vaid, Zafar A Handoo
A new genus, Loffienema dhanoriensis gen. n., sp. n. is described and illustrated from soil mixed with mature compost of Biodiversity Park, Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah (BGSB) University, Rajouri, Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is characterized by medium-sized body, slightly offset labial region, weakly developed, isoglottoid stegostom, amphidelphic reproductive system, slender and separate spicules, spathulate gubernaculum and reduced bursa with eight pairs of bursal rays. Its relationship and distinguishing features with other closely related genera are discussed...
March 27, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689953/first-record-of-the-genus-ficobracon-hymenoptera-braconidae-from-india-with-description-of-new-species
#5
Amir Maqbool, Shahid Ali Akbar, Aijaz Ahmad Wachkoo
Ficobracon kashmirensis sp. nov., a new braconid species from Kashmir Himalayas, India, is described with illustrations. The discovery marks the first record of Ficobracon from India, and is the fifth known species of the genus globally. A discussion on the seasonal occurrence and some elements of biology, together with a revised key to the known species, are also provided.
February 15, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686208/review-of-genus-hydropsyche-pictet-1834-insecta-trichoptera-hydropsychidae-from-india
#6
Manpreet S Pandher, Simarjit Kaur, Sajad H Parey, Malkiat S Saini
The genus Hydropsyche is reviewed from India. Three new species are described and illustrated belonging to genus Hydropsyche. The newly described species are Hydropsyche curvata sp. nov., H. hajinensis sp. nov., both from Jammu Kashmir, and H. golitarensis sp. nov. from Sikkim. Hydropsyche quadrata Malicky Chantaramongkol 2000 (from Sikkim), H. augeias Malicky Chantaramongkol 2000 (from Uttarakhand) and H. camillus Malicky Chantaramongkol 2000 (from Sikkim and Himachal Pradesh) are reported for the first time from India...
December 18, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597189/the-spectrum-of-glomerulopathies-in-kashmir-a-tertiary-care-experience
#7
Irshad Sirwal, Ibrahim Masoodi
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the spectrum of renal diseases prevalent in the Jammu and Kashmir region. OBJECTIVES: To determine the spectrum of glomerulopathies in adult patients attending a tertiary care centre. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-one adequate biopsies from native kidneys of adult patients who presented with features suggestive of glomerular diseases at Sheri Kashmir Institute of medical sciences Srinagar Kashmir for the last 8 years were studied in a retrospective manner...
March 29, 2018: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596988/the-detection-and-prevalence-of-leukotoxin-gene-variant-strains-of-fusobacterium-necrophorum-in-footrot-lesions-of-sheep-in-kashmir-india
#8
S Farooq, S A Wani, M N Hassan, S Aalamgeer, Z A Kashoo, S N Magray, M A Bhat
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and identification of leukotoxin gene, lktA, variant strains of Fusobacterium necrophorum in the footrot lesions of sheep. The detection of F. necrophorum was carried out by PCR targeting the lktA gene fragment and identification of lktA variant strains was done by PCR-single stranded conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) and gene sequencing. Of the 450 swabs collected from footrot lesions of sheep, 117 were lktA-positive for F. necrophorum. Of the 50 swabs collected from apparently asymptomatic sheep, only one was lktA-positive for F...
March 26, 2018: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559022/post-flood-rapid-needs-assessment-in-srinagar-city-jammu-and-kashmir-state-india-september-2014
#9
Rajesh Yadav, Dundaiah Somashekar, Samir V Sodha, Kayla F Laserson, Srinivasa Venkatesh, Himanshu Chauhan
OBJECTIVES: Torrential rainfall and flooding from September 2-6, 2014 submerged >350 villages in Jammu and Kashmir state. We conducted rapid needs assessment in capital Srinagar from 27 September to 1 October to assess population health and safety needs. METHODS: Based on Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) methodology, we selected 7 households each from 30 census blocks using 2-stage cluster sampling. We collected information on demographics, needs, and illnesses using structured questionnaire...
March 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553303/validation-of-mental-health-screening-instruments-in-the-kashmir-valley-india
#10
Tambri Housen, Annick Lenglet, Cono Ariti, Shabnum Ara, Showkat Shah, Maqbool Dar, Arshad Hussain, Altaf Paul, Zahoor Wagay, Kerri Viney, Simon Janes, Giovanni Pintaldi
The present study aimed to culturally adapt, translate, and validate the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (HSCL-25) and the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire-Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms Checklist (HTQ-16) prior to use in a cross-sectional mental health population survey in the Kashmir Valley. Cultural adaptation and translation of the HSCL-25 and the HTQ-16 employed multiple forms of transcultural validity check. The HSCL-25 and HTQ-16 were compared against a "gold standard" structured psychiatric interview, the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)...
June 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543131/assessment-of-indoor-radon-thoron-concentrations-and-their-relationship-with-seasonal-variation-and-geology-of-udhampur-district-jammu-kashmir-india
#11
Ajay Kumar, Sumit Sharma, Rohit Mehra, Saurabh Narang, Rosaline Mishra
Background The inhalation doses resulting from the exposure to radon, thoron, and their progeny are important quantities in estimating the radiation risk for epidemiological studies as the average global annual effective dose due to radon and its progeny is 1.3 mSv as compared to that of 2.4 mSv due to all other natural sources of ionizing radiation. Objectives The annual inhalation dose has been assessed with an aim of investigating the health risk to the inhabitants of the studied region. Methods Time integrated deposition based 222 Rn/220 Rn sensors have been used to measure concentrations in 146 dwellings of Udhampur district, Jammu and Kashmir...
July 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524034/mineral-oil-residues-in-soil-and-apple-under-temperate-conditions-of-kashmir-india
#12
Malik Mukhtar Ahmad, Ashraf Alam Wani, Mubashir Sofi, Ishrat Ara
The study was undertaken to ascertain the persistence of Orchol-13, a mineral oil used against insect pests of horticultural fruit crops in soil and apple following the dormant and summer applications of 2 and 0.75% respectively. Soil samples were collected during dormant, while as both soil and apple samples were collected during summer season. Samples were collected at 0, 1, 3, and 5 days post treatment in both the seasons. Average recoveries of paraffinic constituents (which constitute about 60% of mineral oils by composition) from soil and apple at 1 μg ml-1 spiking level were found to be 74...
March 9, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519132/mbtj-an-iron-stress-induced-acetyl-hydrolase-esterase-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-helps-bacteria-to-survive-during-iron-stress
#13
Manisha Chownk, Jashandeep Kaur, Kashmir Singh, Jagdeep Kaur
AIM: mbtJ from Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv is a member of mbt A-J operon required for mycobactin biogenesis. MATERIALS & METHODS: The esterase/acetyl-hydrolase activity of mbtJ was determined by pNP-esters/native-PAGE and expression under iron stress by quantitative-PCR. Effect of gene on growth/survival of Mycobacterium was studied using antisense. Its effect on morphology, growth/infection was studied in Mycobacterium smegmatis. RESULTS: It showed acetyl hydrolase/esterase activity at pH 8...
April 2018: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516007/manipulation-of-plant-growth-regulators-on-phytochemical-constituents-and-dna-protection-potential-of-the-medicinal-plant-arnebia-benthamii
#14
Javid A Parray, Azra N Kamili, Sumira Jan, Mohammad Yaseen Mir, Nowsheen Shameem, Bashir A Ganai, Elsayed Fathi Abd Allah, Abeer Hashem, Abdulaziz A Alqarawi
Arnebia benthamii of the family Boraginaceae is a critically endangered nonendemic plant of the Kashmir Himalayas and is used to treat a number of human diseases. The current study was based on developing an in vitro micropropagation protocol vis-à-vis induction of various secondary metabolites under in vitro conditions for the possible biological activity. A tissue culture protocol was developed for A. benthamii for the first time in the Himalayan region using varied combinations and proper media formulations, including various adjuvants: Murashige and Skoog (MS) media, growth hormones, sugars, agar, and so forth...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508178/prevalence-of-childhood-mental-disorders-among-school-children-of-kashmir-valley
#15
Mohd Altaf Paul, Waheeda Khan
Prevalence of mental disorders among children is affected by armed conflict and same is true in protracted conflict of Kashmir, where the ongoing conflict has affected mental health of children badly. In order to understand mental health condition of school going children, the present study was designed to study the nature and prevalence of mental disorders among school children in Kashmir valley. The present study employed multi-stage sampling and multi-informant reporting of mental health problems in children...
March 5, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500851/detection-of-some-new-trichosporon-species-from-the-dystrophied-nails-of-three-female-members-of-a-family-from-north-indian-state-of-jammu-and-kashmir
#16
Sandeep Kotwal, Geeta Sumbali, Supriya Sharma, Sanjana Kaul
Dermatophytes are considered as the main pathogens responsible for onychomycosis, but recently successive isolations of yeast-like fungi from the infected nails has led to consider these also as primary agents of nail infections. Trichosporon species which are non-candidal, basidiomycetous, yeast-like, anamorphic fungi are commonly isolated from soil but they are also emerging as important etiological agents of onychomycosis. Three species of Trichosporon viz., T. asahii, T. asteroides and T. faecale were isolated from the infected nails of three female members of a family from district Doda of Jammu and Kashmir State...
March 3, 2018: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491575/retraction-note-to-comparative-karyological-analysis-of-three-species-of-bothriocephalus-rudolphi-1808-cestoda-pseudophyllidea-from-schizothorax-species-of-kashmir-valley
#17
Tanveer A Sofi, Fayaz Ahmad
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1007/s12639-012-0185-1.].
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467005/traditional-knowledge-on-herbal-drinks-among-indigenous-communities-in-azad-jammu-and-kashmir-pakistan
#18
Neelam Rashid, Rodrigue Castro Gbedomon, Mushtaq Ahmad, Valère Kolawolé Salako, Muhammad Zafar, Khafsa Malik
BACKGROUND: Traditional knowledge about the use of medicinal plants for herbal drinks (HDs) is not well documented in the Azad Kashmir region despite their widespread use. This study highlights the taxonomic diversity and traditional knowledge on medicinal plants used for HDs while examining the diversity of diseases treated with HDs in the study area. METHODS: Individual discussions were conducted with 255 informants (84 women and 171 men). Data gathered included (i) informant age and gender, (ii) HD species and respective plant parts used, (iii) health disorders treated, and (iv) mode of preparation and utilizations...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463796/winter-burst-of-pristine-kashmir-valley-air
#19
Zainab Q Hakim, Gufran Beig, Srinivas Reka, Shakil A Romshoo, Irfan Rashid
The Kashmir Valley in India is one of the world's major tourist attractions and perceived as a pristine environment. Long term monitoring of fine particulate matter, PM2.5 (particles having aerodynamic diameter of 2.5 μm or less), responsible for deteriorating human health, has been done for the period 2013-14. Results indicate that air quality of the capital city Srinagar (34.1°N, 74.8°E) deteriorates significantly in particular during winter, where level of PM2.5 touches a peak value of 348 μg/m³ against the Indian permissible limit of 60 μg/m³...
February 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448887/fabrication-of-iron-oxide-nanocolloids-using-metallosurfactant-based-microemulsions-antioxidant-activity-cellular-and-genotoxicity-toward-vitis-vinifera
#20
Gurpreet Kaur, Varsha Dogra, Rajeev Kumar, Sandeep Kumar, Kashmir Singh
The present work aims at the fabrication of iron oxide nanocolloids using biocompatible microemulsion and their cytotoxic, genotoxic effect on Vitis vinifera plant has been evaluated. The three iron-based metallosurfactant complexes were synthesized. Nanosuspensions (Ns) were prepared using microemulsion technique and for the purpose, the microemulsion was prepared using oleic acid, butanol, tween 80 and as synthesized iron metallosurfactant. In this technique, no additional capping agent and/or reducing agent was added...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
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