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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900964/incidence-of-pediatric-acute-kidney-injury-in-hospitalized-patients
#1
Mohd Ashraf, Naveed Shahzad, Altaf Hussain, Shafat Ahmed Tak, Syed Tariq Ahmed Bukhari, Aliya Kachru
Pediatric acute kidney injury (pAKI) is a common complication associated with high mortality in children. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) and mortality in hospitalized (critically ill and non-critically ill) patients. This was a retrospective study conducted during the period of June 1, 2013, to May 31, 2014, at the Postgraduate Department of Pediatrics, G. B. Pant Hospital, an Associated Hospital of Government Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891414/paediatric-urinary-tract-infection-a-hospital-based-experience
#2
Khursheed Ahmed Wani, Mohd Ashraf, Javaid Ahmed Bhat, Nazir Ahmed Parry, Lubna Shaheen, Sartaj Ali Bhat
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is one of the commonly encountered entities by paediatricians. Studies have shown easy vulnerability of paediatric urinary tract in any acute febrile illness and a miss in diagnosis could have long term consequences like renal scaring with its adverse effects. Bearing these evidence based preludes in view we designed our study to know the prevalence of UTI in Kashmir province. AIM: Aim of the present study was to know the prevalence of UTI in febrile children and to know the sensitivity of different imaging modalities like Renal and Urinary Bladder Ultrasonography (RUS), Voiding Cystourethrography (VCUG) and Dimercaptosuccinic Acid (DMSA) scan in diagnosing UTI...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891339/bacteriological-profile-of-isolates-from-urine-samples-in-patients-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-and-or-prostatitis-showing-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#3
Prem Prakash Mishra, Ved Prakash, Kashmir Singh, H Mog, Sumit Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) or Prostatitis is increasing considerably worldwide. The Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) due to bacterial aetiology are one of the common factors for the complications among the patients. AIM: To determine the bacterial agents and their antibiotic sensitivity pattern from the urine samples of patients of BPH or Prostatitis showing symptoms of LUTS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study was carried out in the Department of Microbiology of Rohilkhand Medical College and Hospital of Northern India from June 2014 to May 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890087/molecular-phylogeny-diversity-community-structure-and-plant-growth-promoting-properties-of-fungal-endophytes-associated-with-the-corms-of-saffron-plant-an-insight-into-the-microbiome-of-crocus-sativus-linn
#4
Zahoor Ahmed Wani, Dania Nazir Mirza, Palak Arora, Syed Riyaz-Ul-Hassan
A total of 294 fungal endophytes were isolated from the corms of Crocus sativus at two stages of crocus life cycle collected from 14 different saffron growing sites in Jammu and Kashmir (J & K) State, India. Molecular phylogeny assigned them into 36 distinct internal transcribed spacer (ITS) genotypes which spread over 19 genera. The diversity of endophytes was higher at the dormant than at the vegetative stage. The Saffron microbiome was dominated by Phialophora mustea and Cadophora malorum, both are dark septate endophytes (DSEs)...
December 2016: Fungal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883042/two-novel-viruses-associated-with-the-apis-mellifera-pathogenic-mite-varroa-destructor
#5
Sofia Levin, Noa Sela, Nor Chejanovsky
Varroa destructor infestation of Apis mellifera colonies carries and/or promotes replication of honey bee viruses like the Deformed wing virus, the Varroa destructor virus-1, the Acute bee paralysis virus, the Israeli acute bee paralysis virus and the Kashmir bee virus that have been well described and characterized; but viruses exclusively associated with Varroa were not found. To look for viruses that may associate with- or infect V. destructor we performed deep sequencing (RNA-seq) of RNA extracted from honey bees and mites in Varroa-infested untreated colonies...
November 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876961/intestinal-helminth-infections-among-children-of-district-shopian-of-kashmir-valley-india
#6
Showkat Ahmad Wani, Ayshia Amin
Intestinal helminth infections are amongst the most common infections worldwide. Studies in other districts of Kashmir Valley revealed a high prevalence of intestinal helminth infections among the children. The objectives of the current study were to determine the prevalence of intestinal helminth infections among children of Shopian district and to identify associated socio-demographic and environmental actors, behavioral habits and also related complaints. Stool samples were collected from 352 children and a questionnaire was filled for each case...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876941/toxocara-vitulorum-in-a-suckling-calf-a-case-study
#7
Rayies Ahmed, Z A Wani, I M Allaie, M S Bushra, H A Hussain
The present clinical case reports toxocariosis in a suckling calf and its management. One and a half month old crossbred Jersey calf was presented at a Veterinary Clinics, District Pulwama, Kashmir with a history of intermittent diarrhea, poor growth, weakness, moderate dehydration and anorexia. On inspection, the calf showed normal physiological parameters viz; body temperature, pulse rate and respiration rate. On faecal examination, eggs of Toxocara vitulorum were found. The animal was treated with 30 ml suspension of 1...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876919/oestrus-ovis-larvae-in-nasal-cavity-of-sheep-a-case-report
#8
I M Allaie, Z A Wani, A H Malik, R A Shahardar, M Zulhuma
The present communication reports the infestation of nasal cavities of sheep by larvae of Oestrus ovis from Kashmir Valley.
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857789/epidemiology-of-the-neural-tube-defects-in-kashmir-valley
#9
Masood Ahmed Laharwal, Arif Hussain Sarmast, Altaf Umer Ramzan, Abrar Ahad Wani, Nayil Khursheed Malik, Sajad Hussain Arif, Masooma Rizvi
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND: Neural tube defects (NTD) are the most common congenital malformations affecting the brain and spinal cord and have a multifactorial etiology. Genetic and environmental factors have been found to cause these defects, both individually and in combination. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, types, demographics, risk factors, and other associated anomalies relevant to NTDs in Kashmir Valley. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 2-year hospital-based prospective study was carried out from November 2013 to October 2015...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844013/promoter-hypermethylation-of-klotho-an-anti-senescence-related-gene-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-of-kashmir-valley
#10
Malik Perveez, Malik Ajaz, Dil Afroze
Hypermethylation of CpG islands located in the promoter regions of genes is a major event in the development of the majority of cancer types, due to the subsequent aberrant silencing of important tumor suppressor genes. KLOTHO; a novel gene associated primarily with suppressing senescence has been shown to contribute to tumorigenesis as a result of its impaired function. Recently the relevance of KLOTHO promoter hypermethylation in colorectal carcinoma in humans has been reported. We analyzed the promoter hypermethylation of KLOTHO gene in 50 histopathologically confirmed tumor and adjacent normal tissues of colorectal cancer patients...
December 2015: Molecular Biology Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833881/nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-a-15%C3%A2-year-study-with-respect-to-clinicodemography-and-survival-analysis
#11
Shaqul Qamar Wani, Talib Khan, Saiful Yamin Wani, Liza Rafiq Mir, Mohammad Maqbool Lone, Tariq Rasool Malik, Arshad Manzoor Najmi, Fir Afroz, Mohammad Ashraf Teli, Nazir Ahmad Khan
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a rare malignancy in Kashmir with distinct pattern, hence we planned to study its clinicodemographic and survival profile. Kashmir has unique lifestyle and dietary habits which may be the source of carcinogenic compounds, most likely implicated in causation of NPC. A total of 148 patients of NPC registered from January 2000 to December 2014 were analyzed. The Mean ± SD age was 45.15 ± 17.092 years (range 11-85 years). The males were 72.3 % (N = 107) with male: female ratio of 2...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833630/de-novo-transcriptome-analysis-revealed-genes-involved-in-flavonoid-and-vitamin-c-biosynthesis-in-phyllanthus-emblica-l
#12
Avneesh Kumar, Sunil Kumar, Savita Bains, Vanya Vaidya, Baljinder Singh, Ravneet Kaur, Jagdeep Kaur, Kashmir Singh
Phyllanthus emblica is an affluent source of various therapeutic components. A few of them like vitamin C and flavonoids are predominant bioactive compounds that are being used in immense pharmacological applications. In-spite of numerous applications, the genomic information of this plant was limited to a few expressed sequence tags (ESTs) in DNA databases. Herein, we developed in-depth transcriptome information of P. emblica using Illumina Hiseq 2000 platform and characterized. A total of 31,285,965 high-quality reads were assembled into 91,288 contigs with the N50 value 358...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817047/population-structure-analysis-and-selection-of-core-set-among-common-bean-genotypes-from-jammu-and-kashmir-india
#13
Reetika Mahajan, Sajad Majeed Zargar, Ravinder Singh, Romesh Kumar Salgotra, Sufia Farhat, Humaira Sonah
Understanding the genetic diversity of a crop is useful for its effective utilization in breeding programmes. For better understanding of the genetic variability in common bean, the first and foremost step is to study its genetic diversity. In the present investigation, 138 genotypes of common bean collected from various regions of Jammu and Kashmir, India, representing major common bean growing areas of this region, were evaluated using 23 SSRs. These SSRs were found highly polymorphic and possess high values for various parameters indicating their high discriminatory power...
November 5, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805339/celiac-neuropathy-a-case-report-from-kashmir-india
#14
K K Pandita, Adnan Rafiq, Sushil Razdan, Arvind Khajuria
Celiac disease is considered to be rare in parts of the world where rice is a staple cereal. Kashmir is one of such places. We present an adult Kashmiri man, who had peripheral neuropathy, which turned out to be associated with celiac disease and improved remarkably with total elimination of gluten containing foods. This is probably the first case of celiac neuropathy reported from India.
November 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790424/efficacy-of-aqueous-and-methanolic-extracts-of-rheum-spiciformis-against-pathogenic-bacterial-and-fungal-strains
#15
Khalid Bashir Dar, Aashiq Hussain Bhat, Shajrul Amin, Suhail Anees, Akbar Masood, Mohammed Iqbal Zargar, Showkat Ahmad Ganie
INTRODUCTION: Rheum spiciformis is a newly identified edible medicinal plant of genus Rheum. The plant is used to treat various diseases on traditional levels in Kashmir Valley, India. AIM: To evaluate the phytochemical screening, antibacterial and antifungal potential of aqueous and methanolic extracts of Rheum spiciformis, a traditionally used edible medicinal plant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Methanolic and aqueous extracts of Rheum spiciformis were tested for their antimicrobial activities against six bacterial strains namely Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus vulgaris and Escherichia coli and four fungal strains Penicillium chrysogenum, Aspergillus fumigatus, Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752011/prevalence-of-proteinuria-in-school-children-aged-12-14-years-in-kashmir-valley-india-using-dipstick-method
#16
Hilal Ahmad Malla, Ashraf M Bhat, Bashir Shazia, Fayaz A Rather, Saleem M Najar, Imtiyaz A Wani
Screening for kidney diseases by urinalysis in school children is being conducted in many parts of the world with inexpensive tools such as urinary dipsticks. We conducted this study to know the prevalence of asymptomatic proteinuria in school children (age group 12-14 years) in Kashmir valley as no previous study is available. After applying exclusion criteria, 2068 children were screened for proteinuria by dipstick method. Another test was performed in the children with abnormal findings in the first sample with dipstick of the same brand, after a period of one-month...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738522/distribution-of-helminth-parasites-in-intestines-and-their-seasonal-rate-of-infestation-in-three-freshwater-fishes-of-kashmir
#17
Asifa Wali, Masood-Ul Hassan Balkhi, Rafia Maqbool, Mohammed Maqbool Darzi, Feroz Ahmad Shah, Farooz Ahmad Bhat, Bilal Ahmad Bhat
The present study was undertaken to determine the incidence of helminth parasites in fishes with special reference to water quality parameters in Dal Lake and River Jhelum and correlate the observations. Water, fish, and parasite samples were collected during different seasons from various sites and processed. Three fish species, namely, Schizothorax niger Heckel 1838, Schizothorax esocinus Heckel 1838, and Schizothorax curvifrons Heckel 1838, were recovered from these water bodies. The physicochemical parameters temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, and free carbon dioxide showed variation vis-à-vis the season and location of the stations in water bodies...
2016: Journal of Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730318/streptomyces-caldifontis-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-hot-water-spring-of-tatta-pani-kotli-pakistan
#18
Arshia Amin, Iftikhar Ahmed, Nauman Khalid, Ghenijan Osman, Inam Ullah Khan, Min Xiao, Wen-Jun Li
A Gram-staining positive, non-motile, rod-shaped, catalase positive and oxidase negative bacterium, designated NCCP-1331(T), was isolated from a hot water spring soil collected from Tatta Pani, Kotli, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. The isolate grew at a temperature range of 18-40 °C (optimum 30 °C), pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum 7.0) and with 0-6 % NaCl (optimum 2 % NaCl (w/v)). The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain NCCP-1331(T) belonged to the genus Streptomyces and is closely related to Streptomyces brevispora BK160(T) with 97...
October 11, 2016: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730083/clinical-and-laboratory-profile-of-primary-hyperparathyroidism-in-kashmir-valley-a-single-center-experience
#19
Raiz Ahmad Misgar, Parvez Mohiuddin Dar, Shariq Rashid Masoodi, Munir Ahmad, Khursheed Alam Wani, Arshad Iqbal Wani, Mir Iftikhar Bashir
BACKGROUND: Although primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) has become an asymptomatic disease in the West, in India, PHPT is still an uncommonly diagnosed, overtly symptomatic disease with skeletal, muscular, and renal manifestations. AIMS: To describe the profile and surgical outcome of 78 consecutive PHPT patients over a period of two decades at a single center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients who underwent evaluation and surgery for PHPT from January 1996 to December 2015 were included...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725054/prevalence-of-chronic-airflow-limitation-in-kashmir-north-india-results-from-the-bold-study
#20
P A Koul, N A Hakim, S A Malik, U H Khan, J Patel, L Gnatiuc, P G J Burney
BACKGROUND: Data on spirometrically defined chronic airflow limitation (CAL) are scarce in developing countries. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of spirometrically defined CAL in Kashmir, North India. METHODS: Using Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease survey methods, we administered questionnaires to randomly selected adults aged ⩾40 years. Post-bronchodilator spirometry was performed to estimate the prevalence of CAL and its relation to potential risk factors...
October 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
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