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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133097/biological-and-textural-properties-of-underutilized-exudate-gums-of-jammu-and-kashmir-india
#1
Mudasir Bashir, Tuba Usmani, Sundaramoorthy Haripriya, Tanveer Ahmed
Three different exudate gums were studied for their in-vitro antioxidant activity, functional and textural properties. In-vitro antioxidant activity of the gum exudates was evaluated in terms of DPPH radical scavenging, hydroxyl radical scavenging, reducing power and phenolic content assays. Among the gum exudates, almond gum exhibited maximum DPPḢ inhibition of 35.52±1.125% followed by apricot gum and gum arabic at the concentration of 1mg/mL. Gum arabic had significantly higher reducing power than the other exudate gums...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114137/gross-and-histopathological-alterations-associated-with-cystic-echinococcosis-in-small-ruminants
#2
Akeel Bashir Beigh, Mohmommad Maqbool Darzi, Samina Bashir, Bisma Kashani, Aazima Shah, Showkat Ahmad Shah
Hydatidosis, an important parasitic zoonoses is a major public health as well as economic concern throughout the world. A total of 2100, sheep (2052) and goats (48), slaughtered or spontaneously dead, from various areas of Kashmir valley were screened for the presence of hydatidosis. Out of 2100 cases, 85 were positive for hydatidosis. The frequently infected organs were lungs and liver. The liver was observed to be the most frequently infected organ with relative prevalence of 61.17% followed by lungs (38...
December 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110863/assessment-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-kashmiri-population-with-type-2-diabetes-employing-the-standard-criteria-s-given-by-who-ncepatp-iii-and-idf
#3
Shafat Lone, Kouser Lone, Saika Khan, Rafiq Ahmed Pampori
BACKGROUND: Around 20-25 percent of the world's adult populations have the metabolic syndrome and they are twice as likely to die from heart attack or stroke compared with people without the syndrome. The World Health Organization proposed a definition for the metabolic syndrome in 1998 and later on NCEP ATPIII and IDF provided new definitions of this syndrome in 2001 and 2003 respectively. Very few studies have compared the different definitions to diagnose the metabolic syndrome in type two diabetics in India while as for Kashmir valley no such documented study has been carried out till date...
December 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082026/prevalence-of-anxiety-depression-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-kashmir-valley
#4
Tambri Housen, Annick Lenglet, Cono Ariti, Showkat Shah, Helal Shah, Shabnum Ara, Kerri Viney, Simon Janes, Giovanni Pintaldi
BACKGROUND: Following the partition of India in 1947, the Kashmir Valley has been subject to continual political insecurity and ongoing conflict, the region remains highly militarised. We conducted a representative cross-sectional population-based survey of adults to estimate the prevalence and predictors of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the 10 districts of the Kashmir Valley. METHODS: Between October and December 2015, we interviewed 5519 out of 5600 invited participants, ≥18 years of age, randomly sampled using a probability proportional to size cluster sampling design...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063198/dental-fluorosis-nutritional-status-kidney-damage-and-thyroid-function-along-with-bone-metabolic-indicators-in-school-going-children-living-in-fluoride-affected-hilly-areas-of-doda-district-jammu-and-kashmir-india
#5
Arjun L Khandare, Shankar Rao Gourineni, Vakdevi Validandi
A case-control study was undertaken among the school children aged 8-15 years to know the presence and severity of dental fluorosis, nutrition and kidney status, and thyroid function along with bone metabolic indicators in Doda district situated at high altitude where drinking water was contaminated and heat stress. This study included 824 participants with an age of 8-15 years. The results of the study reviled that dental fluorosis was significantly higher in affected than control area children. Urinary fluoride was significantly higher (p < 0...
October 23, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062216/impending-gangrene-of-fingers-by-constriction-bands-of-mother-s-hair-mistaken-as-pernio-by-parents-a-case-series-of-10-infants
#6
Towseef Ahmad Bhat, Zameer Ali, Tarseem Lal Moten, Aabid Hussain Sofi, Furqaan Mir, Amara Gulzar
BACKGROUND: Long harsh winter in Kashmir Valley increase the incidence of pernio in children so much that common people consider every hand swelling as pernio. METHODS: 10 Infants over two years were brought to our hospital as cases of pernio involving fingers. RESULTS: All the infants came out to be cases of impending gangrene due to mother's hair as constriction bands around fingers. CONCLUSION: Impending gangrene of fingers in infants due to mother hair as constriction band is very rare...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057960/contrasting-glacier-responses-to-recent-climate-change-in-high-mountain-asia
#7
Akiko Sakai, Koji Fujita
Recent studies of Asian glaciers have shown that glaciers in eastern Karakoram and West Kunlun have been slightly gaining mass while those in nearby Jammu Kashmir and Himalayas are losing mass, at rates of more than 0.5 m w.e.yr(-1) and about 0.3 m w.e.yr(-1), respectively. Two possible explanations have been proposed for this difference in glacier behaviour: spatial heterogeneity in climate change (climatic forcing) or differing glacier responses to climate change (glacier response). However, neither explanation has strong supporting evidence...
October 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054181/clinico-angiographic-profile-and-procedural-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-interventions-the-srinagar-registry
#8
Jahangir Rashid Beig, Tariq R Shah, Imran Hafeez, Mohd Iqbal Dar, Hilal A Rather, Nisar A Tramboo, Ajaz A Lone, Fayaz A Rather
BACKGROUND: This study was aimed at exploring the clinical profile, angiographic characteristics and procedural outcomes in patients undergoing PCI at our institute. METHODS: This prospective observational study included all consecutive patients who underwent PCI at our hospital between January 2014 and December 2015. Data including clinico-demographic profile, angiographic details and lesion characteristics were recorded in all patients. Procedural details including devices and drugs used, procedure related complications, and in-hospital outcomes of these patients were analysed...
September 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039044/assessment-of-radon-concentration-and-heavy-metal-contamination-in-groundwater-of-udhampur-district-jammu-kashmir-india
#9
Ajay Kumar, Sumit Sharma, Rohit Mehra, Priya Kanwar, Rosaline Mishra, Inderpreet Kaur
Radon concentration was measured in water samples of 41 different locations from Udhampur district of Jammu & Kashmir, India, by using RAD7 and Smart RnDuo monitor. The variation of radon concentration in water ranged from 1.44 ± 0.31 to 63.64 ± 2.88 Bq L(-1), with a mean value of 28.73 Bq L(-1) using RAD7 and 0.64 ± 0.28 to 52.65 ± 2.50 Bq L(-1), with a mean value of 20.30 Bq L(-1) using Smart RnDuo monitor, respectively. About 17.07% of the studied water samples recorded to display elevated radon concentration above the reference range suggested by United Nation Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiations (UNSCEAR)...
October 16, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979015/scrub-typhus-in-southern-districts-of-west-bengal
#10
Nilendu Sarma, Sayantani Chakraborty
Scrub typhus has been previously reported from north and eastern Indian states and areas such as Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Assam, Sikkim, and Darjeeling district of West Bengal. It has also been known to be endemic in some parts of South India (Eastern and Western Ghats). However, no cases have ever been reported from the southern districts of West Bengal. Here, we report five cases of scrub typhus from South 24 Parganas and Kolkata, two districts in the southern part of West Bengal, India.
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941853/predominance-of-central-asian-and-european-families-among-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-isolates-in-kashmir-valley-india
#11
Gulnaz Bashir, Tehmeena Wani, Pragya Sharma, V M Katoch, Rubina Lone, Azra Shah, Kiran Katoch, D K Kakru, Devendra Singh Chauhan
BACKGROUND: As there are no data available regarding the strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis circulating in Kashmir Valley, India, the current study aimed at describing the genetic diversity of M. tuberculosis strains in this region, by spoligotyping and 12-locus-based MIRU-VNTR typing (Mycobacterial Interspersed Repetitive Unit-Variable Number Tandem Repeat). METHODS: Sputa from 207 smear positive cases with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis were subjected to culture for M...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940507/contact-dermatitis-caused-by-tulips-identification-of-contact-sensitizers-in-tulip-workers-of-kashmir-valley-in-north-india
#12
Iffat Hassan, Farhan Rasool, Saniya Akhtar, Afifa Kamili, Parvaiz Rather, Raihana Kanth, Yasmeen Bhat, Shagufta Rather, Syed Mubashir, Atiya Yaseen, Safia Bashir
BACKGROUND: Tulip, belonging to the genus Tulipa and family Liliaceae, is a spring-blooming perennial that grows from bulbs. Owing to manual handling, contact dermatitis can occur in professionals at any stage of the growth cycle of the tulip plant. OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical pattern of contact dermatitis resulting from tulip plant cultivation, and to assess contact allergy in workers coming into contact with this plant. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-four tulip workers were screened, and 48 patients with suspected contact dermatitis were patch tested with 39 allergens, including haptens from the Indian baseline series, a plant series, and extracts from different parts of the tulip plant...
September 21, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924288/an-endemic-of-scabies-in-kahuta-azad-kashmir-the-study-shows-a-lack-of-awareness-of-scabies-mass-treatment-is-needed
#13
Afaque Ali
The study was planned to find the awareness of scabies in the Forward Kahuta area of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. For this, a questionnaire related to scabies was distributed among the patients at different walk-in clinics in the region from June 2015 to May 2016. Of the 234 participants, 97(41.5%) were males and 137(58.5%) were females. All of them reported with itching, but 120(51.3%) of the participants didn't even know that itching may be due to scabies which was found in 157(67%) patients, and of them, 106(67...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919694/incidence-of-bovine-clinical-mastitis-in-jammu-region-and-antibiogram-of-isolated-pathogens
#14
Adil Majid Bhat, Jasvinder Singh Soodan, Rajiv Singh, Ishfaq Ahmad Dhobi, Tufail Hussain, Mohammad Yousuf Dar, Muheet Mir
AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate the incidence of clinical mastitis in bovines of Jammu region, to identify the infectious organisms responsible for it, and the antimicrobial sensitivity of isolated pathogens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on cases that were presented to the Medicine Division of Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, R.S. Pura, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir. A total of 260 cases of bovines were presented from June 30, 2012, to July 01, 2013, out of which 30 cases were of clinical mastitis...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887144/sheaf-theoretic-formulation-for-consciousness-and-qualia-and-relationship-to-the-idealism-of-non-dual-philosophies
#15
REVIEW
Menas C Kafatos, Goro C Kato
Questions about the nature of reality, whether Consciousness is the fundamental reality in the universe, and what is Consciousness itself, have no answer in systems that assume an external reality independent of Consciousness. Ultimately, the ontological foundation of such systems is the absolute division of subject and object. We advocate instead what we consider to be an approach that is in agreement with the foundation of quantum reality, which is based on Rāmānuja's version of Vedanta philosophy and non-dual Kashmir Śaivism...
September 5, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886077/exploration-of-ethno-medicinal-knowledge-among-rural-communities-of-pearl-valley-rawalakot-district-poonch-azad-jammu-and-kashmir
#16
Humaira Shaheen, Mirza Faisal Qaseem, Muhammad Shoaib Amjad, Piero Bruschi
BACKGROUND: Medicinal plants are the basic source of health care in the Pearl Valley District Poonch, Azad Jammu, and Kashmir. The basic aim of present study was to record information about the use of plants in herbal preparation and quantification of recorded data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The research was conducted with the null hypothesis that there was no differential distribution of knowledge among the communities between genders and among different age groups in the study area and across cultural medicinal uses of the plants are similar...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868222/linkage-disequilibrium-based-association-mapping-of-micronutrients-in-common-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris-l-a-collection-of-jammu-kashmir-india
#17
Reetika Mahajan, Sajad Majeed Zargar, R K Salgotra, Ravinder Singh, Aijaz Ahmad Wani, Muslima Nazir, Parvaze A Sofi
Micronutrient deficiencies are of major concern in human health and plant metabolism. Iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), iodine (I), selenium (Se) are regarded as micronutrients having major impact on human health. More than 50% of populations mainly from developing countries are suffering from one or the other micronutrient malnutrition. Ensuring adequate supply of these micronutrients through diet consisting of staple foods, such as common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is must. Here, we evaluated common bean genotypes that were collected from various regions of Jammu and Kashmir, India for Fe, Zn and protein contents and used SSRs to identify the markers associated with these traits...
October 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811783/incidence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-low-birth-weight-babies-born-in-shaikh-khalifa-bin-zayad-al-nayan-hospital-muzaffarabad-azad-jammu-and-kashmir
#18
Gulnaz Iltaf, Beenish Shahid, Muhammad Ijaz Khan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Birth weight is the most important factor that affects infant and child mortality. The most common cause of low birth is malnutrition before and during the pregnancy period. The present study was conducted to explore the associated risk factors of low birth weight which will be helpful to undertake effective measures to reduce the incidence of the low birth weight babies. METHODS: The study was conducted at Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayad Al-Nayan Hospital Muzaffarabad...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807851/toxic-pyrrolizidine-alkaloids-provide-a-warning-sign-to-overuse-of-the-ethnomedicine-arnebia-benthamii
#19
Latif Ahmad, Yi He, Jia-Chen Hao, Andrew Semotiuk, Quan-Ru Liu, Paras Mazari
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: From early times man has used medicinal plants for the treatment of various ailments and basic health care needs. The use of herbal medicines has increased day by day and with this, so do reports of adverse events, poisoning, and suspected toxicity. Similarly, the indigenous communities of Neelum Valley in Azad Kashmir commonly use Arnebia benthamii (Wall. ex G.Don) I.M.Johnst. for medicinal purposes to treat various human aliments. Besides their medicinal uses, it also contains hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs)...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804675/transition-in-dental-treatment-utilization-in-jammu-and-kashmir-india-a-10-year-retrospective-study
#20
Aasim Farooq Shah, Manu Batra, A Ishrat
BACKGROUND: Utilization of health services is the actual attendance by the members of the public at health care facilities to receive care. Utilization, serves as an important tool for oral health policy decision-making. The aim of the present study was to retrospectively gauge and assess the utilization pattern of the dental treatments which was given in hospital for last 10 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective infirmary based study was carried out at Sheri Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS), Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India...
December 2016: Nepal journal of epidemiology
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