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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924703/markers-of-renal-function-in-older-adults-completing-a-higher-protein-obesity-intervention-and-one-year-later-findings-from-the-measur-up-trial
#1
Kathryn N Porter Starr, Shelley R McDonald, Aubrey Jarman, Melissa Orenduff, Richard Sloane, Carl F Pieper, Connie W Bales
Increases in rates of obesity in the older population are hastening the development of chronic illnesses, including chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, obesity reduction in older adults is besought with concerns about the long-term benefit/risk, especially regarding loss of muscle mass and its impact on function. Higher protein intakes have been advocated to help offset the tendency for loss of muscle during weight reduction but this raises concerns about possible negative effects on older kidneys. We assessed markers of renal function in venous blood samples collected during a six-month randomized controlled weight loss trial of higher protein intake in obese (n = 67; BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 ) older (≥60 years) adults with physical frailty and age-normal renal status (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] ≥ 45); the Control diet (0...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924210/effects-of-remote-ischemic-preconditioning-and-topical-hypothermia-in-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#2
Guilherme Lang Motta, Pablo Cambeses Souza, Emanuel Burck Dos Santos, Silvia Regina Bona, Pedro Guilherme Schaefer, Caetano Araújo Torres Lima, Norma Anair Possa Marroni, Carlos Otávio Corso
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether combining hypothermia and remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) results in protection from ischemia-reperfusion (IR). METHODS: Thirty-two Wistar rats underwent right nephrectomy and were randomly assigned to four experimental protocols on the left kidney: warm ischemia (group 1), cold ischemia (group 2), RIPC followed by warm ischemia (group 3), and RIPC followed by cold ischemia (group 4). After 240 minutes of reperfusion, histological changes in the left kidney, as well as lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzyme activity, were analyzed...
May 2018: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924035/a-case-report-of-remission-of-refractory-membranous-nephropathy-progressing-to-stage-4-chronic-kidney-disease-using-low-dose-rituximab-a-long-term-follow-up
#3
Xu-Jie Zhou, Fu-De Zhou, Su-Xia Wang, Ming-Hui Zhao
RATIONALE: As suggested by the 2012 KDIGO guidelines, persistent elevation of serum creatinine > 3.5 mg/dl (> 309 μmol/l) (or an estimated glomerular filtration rate < 30 ml/min per 1.73 m is one of contradictions for the use of immunosuppressive therapy in membranous nephropathy. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 45-year-old man with membranous nephropathy negative for serum anti-phospholipase-A2-receptor antibody, showed no response to corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923941/intensive-care-mortality-prognostic-model-for-pediatric-pulmonary-hypertension
#4
Emily Morell Balkin, Matt S Zinter, Satish K Rajagopal, Roberta L Keller, Jeffrey R Fineman, Martina A Steurer
OBJECTIVES: The disease burden and mortality of children with pulmonary hypertension are significantly higher than for the general PICU population. We aimed to develop a risk-adjustment tool predicting PICU mortality for pediatric pulmonary hypertension patients: the Pediatric Index of Pulmonary Hypertension Intensive Care Mortality score. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected multicenter pediatric critical care data. SETTING: One-hundred forty-three centers submitting data to Virtual Pediatric Systems database between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2015...
June 19, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923427/renoprotective-effects-of-canagliflozin-a-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitor-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-randomized-open-label-prospective-trial
#5
Hiroyuki Takashima, Yoshinori Yoshida, Chinami Nagura, Tetsuya Furukawa, Ritsukou Tei, Takashi Maruyama, Noriaki Maruyama, Masanori Abe
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the renoprotective effects of canagliflozin, we assessed the albuminuria-lowering effect in Japanese type 2 diabetes patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: In this prospective, open-label, parallel-group study, type 2 diabetes patients with CKD were randomized to receive either oral canagliflozin (100 mg/day) or usual care (control group) for 52 weeks. Endpoints included changes in urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR), other urinary biomarkers, laboratory parameters, and adverse events...
June 1, 2018: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922531/ureteritis-cystica-an-unusual-presentation-in-an-otherwise-healthy-female
#6
Jai D Parekh, John Iguidbashian, Venkata Andukuri
A 23-year-old, previously healthy female presented with lower abdominal pain and mildly elevated creatinine one month following a right ureter stent for non-specific ureteral thickening causing obstruction. On admission, computed tomography (CT) revealed moderate hydronephrosis of the left kidney that would require stent placement as well. During stent placement, it was noted that the gross appearance of the ureters resembled ureteritis cystica. Biopsies were taken and showed signs of chronic inflammatory changes consistent with this diagnosis...
April 17, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922427/berberine-protects-the-liver-and-kidney-against-functional-disorders-and-histological-damages-induced-by-ferrous-sulfate
#7
Firouzeh Gholampour, Samaneh Keikha
Objectives: Iron is an essential element for living organisms. Iron overload can have detrimental effects on health. This study pertains to the protective role of berberine against ferrous sulfate-induced hepatic and renal functional disorders and histological damages in rats. Materials and Methods: The rats were divided into four groups (n=7): Sham, Ber (10 mg/kg/day for 14 days, by gavage), FS (ferrous sulfate, 30 mg/kg/day for 14 days, intraperitoneally), FS + Ber (ferrous sulfate, 30 mg/kg/day for 14 days; berberine, 10 mg/kg/day for 11 days from fourth day of ferrous sulfate injection)...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921736/twenty-four-hour-urine-phosphorus-as-a-biomarker-of-dietary-phosphorus-intake-and-absorption-in-ckd-a-secondary-analysis-from-a-controlled-diet-balance-study
#8
Elizabeth R Stremke, Linda D McCabe, George P McCabe, Berdine R Martin, Sharon M Moe, Connie M Weaver, Munro Peacock, Kathleen M Hill Gallant
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Twenty-four-hour urine phosphorus is commonly used as a surrogate measure for phosphorus intake and absorption in research studies, but its reliability and accuracy are unproven in health or CKD. This secondary analysis sought to determine the reliability and accuracy of 24-hour urine phosphorus as a biomarker of phosphorus intake and absorption in moderate CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Eight patients with stage 3-4 CKD participated in 2-week balance studies with tightly controlled phosphorus and calcium intakes...
June 19, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921462/validation-of-the-sarcopenia-index-to-assess-muscle-mass-in-the-critically-ill-a-novel-application-of-kidney-function-markers
#9
Erin F Barreto, Janelle O Poyant, Hongchuan H Coville, Ross A Dierkhising, Cassie C Kennedy, Ognjen Gajic, Erin M Nystrom, Naoki Takahashi, Michael R Moynagh, Kianoush B Kashani
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Adverse outcomes for hospitalized patients with sarcopenia are well documented, and identification of patients at risk remains challenging. The sarcopenia index (SI), previously defined as (serum creatinine/serum cystatin C) × 100, could be an inexpensive, readily accessible, objective tool to predict muscle mass and risk for adverse clinical outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the validity of the SI as a predictor of muscle mass. METHODS: Retrospective study of critically ill adults admitted to Mayo Clinic from 2012 to 2015 with suspected sepsis and an available creatinine and serum cystatin C...
June 8, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921370/effects-of-soybean-isoflavones-on-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-and-the-tgf-%C3%AE-1-signaling-pathway-in-renal-tissue-of-type-2-diabetic-rats
#10
C L Liu, L Yan, K R Cai, K Sun, Y Qi, Y L Han, X D Zhang, X D Sun
To observe the effect of Soyisoflavones (SI) on the expression of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway elements, transforming growth factor-β (THGF-β) and its related proteins in the renal interstitia of diabetic nephropathic (DN) rats, 48 DN rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: DN model group (group DN), soybean isoflavone treatment group (group DA), DN model group + losartan treatment group (group DL), DN model group + soybean isoflavones combined with losartan treatment group (group SL). Each group comprised 12 rats...
May 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920955/nimotuzumab-combined-with-chemotherapy-as-first-line-treatment-for-advanced-lung-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#11
Xiaoyan Si, Shafei Wu, Hanping Wang, Xiaotong Zhang, Mengzhao Wang, Xuan Zeng, Li Zhang
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of nimotuzumab combined with chemotherapy as first-line therapy in advanced lung squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC), and to explore predictive biomarkers of the efficacy of nimotuzumab. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of patients with advanced LSCC administered nimotuzumab combined with chemotherapy as first-line therapy from June 2012 to December 2016 at the Department of Respiratory Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital...
June 19, 2018: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920491/cd56-expression-is-an-important-prognostic-factor-in-multiple-myeloma-even-with-bortezomib-induction
#12
Matevz Skerget, Barbara Skopec, Vesna Zadnik, Darja Zontar, Helena Podgornik, Katarina Rebersek, Tadej Furlan, Peter Cernelc
OBJECTIVES: In this retrospective study, we evaluated the impact of CD56, CD117, and CD28 expression on clinical characteristics and survival in newly diagnosed myeloma patients treated with bortezomib-based induction therapy. METHODS: We analyzed 110 myeloma patients. Immunophenotype was determined using panels consisting of CD19/CD38/CD45/CD56/CD138 and CD20, CD28, and CD117 were used additionally. All samples were tested for recurrent chromosomal aberrations...
June 19, 2018: Acta Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920358/ephedra-gerardiana-aqueous-ethanolic-extract-and-fractions-attenuate-freund-complete-adjuvant-induced-arthritis-in-sprague-dawley-rats-by-downregulating-pge2-cox2-il-1%C3%AE-il-6-tnf-%C3%AE-nf-kb-and-upregulating-il-4-and-il-10
#13
Ambreen Malik Uttra, Alamgeer, Muhammad Shahzad, Arham Shabbir, Shah Jahan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The whole plant, roots and stems of Ephedra gerardiana (Family Ephedraceae) have long been used as a folk remedy to treat rheumatism and painful joints in Northern Areas of Pakistan. AIM OF THE STUDY: The purpose of study was to observe the preventive efficacy of Ephedra gerardiana (EG) aerial parts in treating rheumatoid arthritis using Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA) induced arthritis in rat model and to determine its possible mechanism of action...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920283/rutin-a-quercetin-glycoside-alleviates-acute-endotoxemic-kidney-injury-in-c57bl-6-mice-via-suppression-of-inflammation-and-up-regulation-of-antioxidants-and-sirt1
#14
Mohammad-Reza Khajevand-Khazaei, Parvaneh Mohseni-Moghaddam, Marjan Hosseini, Leila Gholami, Tourandokht Baluchnejadmojarad, Mehrdad Roghani
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication following severe sepsis, its incidence is increasing, and it is associated with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. Rutin is a glycoside of the bioflavonoid quercetin with various protective effects due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential. In this research, we tried to assess the protective effect of rutin administration in a model of AKI in C57BL/6 mice. For induction of AKI, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was injected once (10mg/kg, i.p.) and rutin was p...
June 16, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917208/type-i-cardiorenal-syndrome-in-patients-with-acutely-decompensated-heart-failure-the-importance-of-new-renal-biomarkers
#15
A Atici, S Emet, R Cakmak, G Yuruyen, A Alibeyoglu, M Akarsu, Y Arman, M Kose, E Ozgun, M Ozcan, O Altun, I Onur, T Tukek
OBJECTIVE: Type 1 cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) is an acute renal failure in patients with acute decompensated heart failure with an incidence of 24% to 45%. The aim of our study was to investigate the significance of new renal biomarkers to predict type 1 CRS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 111 patients with acute decompensated heart failure diagnosed at the Istanbul Medical Faculty Emergency Department between 2014 and 2016, and 24 healthy volunteers. All urine samples were stored at -80°C after centrifugation...
June 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917196/bml-111-inhibits-the-inflammatory-response-and-apoptosis-of-renal-tissue-in-rats-with-hemorrhagic-shock-by-inhibiting-the-mapk-pathway
#16
S-Y Chang, R-Q Sun, M Feng, Y-X Li, H-L Wang, Y-M Xu
OBJECTIVE: The effect of lipoxin receptor agonist BML-111 on acute kidney injury and AKI in rats with hemorrhagic shock (HS) and its mechanism were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A model of hemorrhagic shock in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats was established, and recovered after 30 min of shock. 1 mg/kg BML-111 was intraperitoneally injected at the beginning of resuscitation in group BML-111. The concentration of serum creatinine, serum KIM-1 content, NGAL and inflammatory factors were detected...
June 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917152/glomerular-filtration-rate-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-undergoing-stem-cell-transplantation-and-treated-with-cyclophosphamide
#17
Alejandro Ruiz-Argüelles, Jose M Gastélum-Cano, Mariana A Méndez-Huerta, Alma B Rodríguez-Gallegos, Guillermo J Ruiz-Argüelles
Background: Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is partially impaired in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). When given chemotherapy before receiving hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation, GFR might be further deteriorated. Objective: To measure the effect of cyclophosphamide on GFR in patients with MS who undergo chemotherapy. Methods: We estimated GFR based on creatinine and cystatin C plasma concentrations in patients undergoing autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation to treat their MS...
June 15, 2018: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917063/sodium-intake-is-associated-with-endothelial-damage-biomarkers-and-metabolic-dysregulation
#18
Carmen Campino, Rene Baudrand, Carolina Valdivia, Cristian Carvajal, Andrea Vecchiola, Alejandra Tapia-Castillo, Alejandro Martínez-Aguayo, Hernán Garcia, Lorena García, Fidel Allende, Sandra Solari, Cristóbal Fuentes, Calos F Lagos, Maria Paulina Rojas, Doris Muñoz, Carlos Fardella
Background: Mounting evidence has associated high sodium intake with hypertension, cardiovascular disease and stroke. We investigated whether high sodium intake modulates the parameters of endothelial damage, inflammation and oxidative stress. Methods: We used a cross-sectional study design including 223 Chilean subjects (6.9-65.0 years old). We measured aldosterone, renin activity, cortisol, cortisone, adiponectin, leptin, hs-CRP, IL-6, TNF-alpha, PAI-1, metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and MMP-2 activity and malondialdehyde (MDA)...
June 16, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916985/impact-of-the-current-versus-the-previous-diagnostic-threshold-on-the-outcome-of-patients-with-borderline-changes-suspicious-for-t-cell-mediated-rejection-diagnosed-on-indication-biopsies
#19
Michael McRae, François Bouchard-Boivin, Stéphanie Béland, Réal Noël, Isabelle Côté, Isabelle Lapointe, Julie Lesage, Eva Latulippe, Julie Riopel, Dominick Santoriello, Syed A Husain, Olivier Désy, Isabelle Houde, Ibrahim Batal, Sacha A De Serres
BACKGROUND: Since the borderline changes suspicious for acute T-cell-mediated rejection (BL) category was broadened, there has been a debate regarding the right threshold for tubulitis (t) and interstitial inflammation (i) scores. METHODS: We studied a first cohort of 111 patients with BL found on an indication biopsy between 2006 and 2016 and compared those with scores of t1i0 (BLt1i0) to those with higher scores (BL≥t1i1). A second cohort of 56 patients with BL was used for external validation...
June 18, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916559/features-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-wild-type-transthyretin-cardiac-amyloidosis-a-systematic-review-and-clinical-experience
#20
Yuliya Y Mints, Gheorghe Doros, John L Berk, Lawreen H Connors, Frederick L Ruberg
AIMS: Wild-type transthyretin (ATTRwt) cardiac amyloidosis has emerged as an important cause of heart failure in the elderly. Atrial fibrillation (AF) commonly affects older adults with heart failure and is associated with reduced survival, but its role in ATTRwt is unclear. We sought to explore the clinical impact of AF in ATTRwt. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with biopsy-proven ATTRwt cardiac amyloidosis (n = 146) were retrospectively identified, and clinical, echocardiographic, and biochemical data were collected...
June 19, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
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