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Myocardial infarction noncardiac surgery

L McLean House, Khensani N Marolen, Paul J St Jacques, Matthew D McEvoy, Jesse M Ehrenfeld
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of intraoperative hemodynamics in the development of perioperative myocardial infarction (MI) and myocardial ischemia after noncardiac surgery. DESIGN: Single-center retrospective cohort study of surgical patients from 2007 to 2012. SETTING: Postanesthesia care unit, intensive care unit, and medical-surgical ward at an academic tertiary medical center. PATIENTS: A total of 46,799 adult noncardiac, nonthoracic surgery patients, for which 2290 peak cardiac troponin (cTn) levels were available...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Faraz Khan Luni, Haris Riaz, Abdur Rahman Khan, Talha Riaz, Muhammad Husnain, Irbaz Bin Riaz, Muhammad Shahzeb Khan, Mohammed Taleb, Yusuf Kanjwal, Christopher J Cooper, Sadik A Khuder
BACKGROUND: Postoperative state is characterized by increased thrombotic risk by virtue of platelet activation. Whether aspirin ameliorates this risk in patients with established coronary artery disease undergoing cardiac or noncardiac surgery is unknown. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the risk of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and the risk of bleeding in patients with early (3-5 or more days before surgery) vs. late discontinuation(<3-5 days)/no discontinuation of aspirin...
September 24, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Robert H Hollis, Carla N Holcomb, Javier A Valle, Burke P Smith, Aerin J DeRussy, Laura A Graham, Joshua S Richman, Kamal M F Itani, Thomas M Maddox, Mary T Hawn
BACKGROUND: We evaluated coronary angiography use among patients with coronary stents suffering postoperative myocardial infarction (MI) and the association with mortality. METHODS: Patients with prior coronary stenting who underwent inpatient noncardiac surgery in Veterans Affairs hospitals between 2000 and 2012 and experienced postoperative MI were identified. Predictors of 30-day post-MI mortality were evaluated. RESULTS: Following 12,096 operations, 353 (2...
August 20, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
Konstantinos Karatolios, Caroline Rolfes, Hinnerk Wulf, Bernhard Schieffer
Cardiovascular complications, particularly perioperative myocardial infarction (PMI), are major contributors to mortaliyt after noncardiac surgery. PMI often occurs unnoticed without symptoms or ECG changes. Despite ist silent presentation, PMI is associated with increased mortality. The combination of high associated mortality and diagnostic challenges mandates increased awareness of PMI. Perioperative myocardial infarction may result from plaque rupture (PMI type I) or be caused by a myocardial supply-demand imbalance of oxygen without plaque rupture (PMI type II)...
September 2016: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
Yang Yang, Feng Xiao, Jin Wang, Bo Song, Xi-Hui Li, Jian Li, Zhi-Song He, Huan Zhang, Ling Yin
BACKGROUND: To investigate the possibility and feasibility of simultaneous cardiac and noncardiac surgery. METHODS: From August 2000 to March 2015, 64 patients suffering from cardiac and noncardiac diseases have been treated by simultaneous surgeries. RESULTS: Two patients died after operations in hospital; thus, the hospital mortality rate was 3.1%. One patient with coronary heart disease, acute myocardial infarction, and a recurrence of bladder cancer accepted emergency simultaneous coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), bladder cystectomy, and ureterostomy...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Akhil Parashar, Shikhar Agarwal, Amar Krishnaswamy, Karan Sud, Kanhaiya L Poddar, Mehak Bassi, Stephen Ellis, E Murat Tuzcu, Venu Menon, Samir R Kapadia
BACKGROUND: Few studies have explored percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in perioperative myocardial infarction (PMI), even though PMI is a major cause of mortality in patients undergoing urgent/emergent noncardiac surgery. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to describe the angiographic characteristics and outcomes in patients presenting to the cardiac catheterization laboratory for myocardial infarction sustained after undergoing noncardiac surgery, with a detailed analysis of those undergoing PCI...
July 26, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Emre Gorgun, Billy Y Lan, H Hande Aydinli, Grant W Reed, Venu Menon, Daniel I Sessler, Luca Stocchi, Feza H Remzi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to identify the association between early postoperative troponin elevations and outcomes after major colorectal surgery. BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction is the leading cause of death after noncardiac surgery. Most postoperative myocardial infarctions are clinically silent, and asymptomatic troponin elevations have the same early mortality as symptomatic infarctions. METHODS: Patients over the age of 45, undergoing major colorectal surgery from March 2015 to January 2016, were identified...
October 2016: Annals of Surgery
Roberta Rossini, Dominick J Angiolillo, Giuseppe Musumeci, Davide Capodanno, Maddalena Lettino, Daniela Trabattoni, Annarita Pilleri, Paolo Calabria, Paola Colombo, Paola Bernabò, Marco Ferlini, Marco Ferri, Giuseppe Tarantini, Stefano De Servi, Stefano Savonitto
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to define the feasibility and clinical impact of complying with national consensus recommendations on perioperative management of antiplatelet therapy in patients with coronary stents undergoing cardiac and noncardiac surgery. BACKGROUND: There are limited evidence-based recommendations on the perioperative management of antiplatelet therapy in stented patients undergoing surgery. METHODS: The recommendations provided by the national consensus document were applied in a multicenter, prospective registry of consecutive patients with prior coronary stenting undergoing any type of surgery at 19 hospitals in Italy...
July 12, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Hans-Joachim Priebe
The perioperative period is associated with alterations in the neuroendocrine, metabolic, and immune systems, referred to as "stress response." The resultant increased sympathetic activity and elevated serum concentrations of catecholamines may adversely affect the cardiovascular system, resulting in cardiovascular instability (hypertension, tachycardia, and arrhythmia), morbidity (myocardial ischemia, myocardial infarction, and stroke), and mortality (cardiac death and fatal stroke), particularly in patients at an elevated cardiovascular risk and with reduced cardiovascular reserve...
June 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
Daniel I Sessler, P J Devereaux
Myocardial injury is the most common cause of death during the 30 days after noncardiac surgery. Only 14% of patients who are experiencing a perioperative myocardial infarction will have chest pain, and 65% are entirely clinically silent, which means that they will go undetected without routine troponin screening. Although it is tempting to dismiss asymptomatic troponin elevation, mortality is similar with and without symptoms. Furthermore, mortality at 30 days in patients who have postoperative troponin elevation is a concerning 10%, which represents a 5-fold increase from background risk...
August 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Stefan De Hert, Annelies Moerman, Luc De Baerdemaeker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this article we review the current knowledge on the underlying mechanisms of perioperative myocardial injury, the preoperative methods of predicting these complications, the diagnostic tools for detecting perioperative myocardial injuries, and the available protective strategies to prevent or attenuate the extent of myocardial injury. RECENT FINDINGS: The last years' new insights have provided a better understanding of the problem of perioperative myocardial injury and infarction...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
S I Sitkin, I K Drugova, E S Mazur
BACKGROUND: The importance of postoperative values of cardiac damage biomarkers studying (such as troponine and NTproBNP) is stressed by recommendations of the European Society of Cardiology and the European Society of Anaesthesiologists (2014). AIM OF THE STUDY: the effects of general and spinal anaesthesia on perioperative dynamics of NTproBNP in patients with postinfarction cardiosclerosis in the surgical treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 67 men aged 60 to 75 years were included in a prospective, randomized study...
January 2016: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
P J Devereaux, J Eikelboom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Ashraf Fayad, Mohammed T Ansari, Homer Yang, Terrence Ruddy, George A Wells
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of perioperative diastolic dysfunction (PDD) in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery remains uncertain, and the current guidelines do not recognize PDD as a perioperative risk factor. This systematic review aimed to investigate whether existing evidence supports PDD as an independent predictor of adverse events after noncardiac surgery. METHODS: Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and Google search engine were searched for English-language citations in April 2015 investigating PDD as a risk factor for perioperative adverse events in adult patients undergoing noncardiac surgery...
July 2016: Anesthesiology
Thomas B Bemenderfer, Nigel L Rozario, Charity G Moore, Madhav A Karunakar
BACKGROUND: Perioperative myocardial infarctions and cardiac complications are leading causes of mortality after noncardiac surgery. In an effort to improve patient safety, the Surgical Care Improvement Project (SCIP) implemented guidelines concerning administration of β-blockers therapy aimed to reduce cardiac complications. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was queried for 759,819 elective total knee arthroplasties performed from 2003 to 2011. Incidence of cardiac complications, mortality, and risk factors for cardiac complications was determined before and after SCIP implementation...
September 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Narendra Singh, Milan Gupta
Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) remain the foundation for assessing and introducing evidence-based therapies into cardiovascular (CV) medicine. In 2015, a number of RCTs were reported and published that have great potential to improve CV outcomes and thus to change clinical practice. We highlight the results and implications of major RCTs in the areas of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), interventional cardiology, atrial fibrillation, lipids, heart failure, diabetes, and hypertension. Among the trials we discuss, PEGASUS and DAPT provide guidance regarding the potential benefits and hazards of longer-term dual-antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or myocardial infarction (MI)...
August 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Eckhard Mauermann, Christian Puelacher, Giovanna Lurati Buse
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery (MINS), focusing on recent studies, including data on high-sensitivity troponin, which is likely to alter our understanding of MINS. RECENT FINDINGS: MINS is greatly underappreciated by clinicians, possibly because of its silent presentation. However, MINS is both common and clinically important. In total, 8% of at-risk patients will suffer a MINS, an event that is associated with death within 30 days with an odds ratio of 3...
June 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Valérie Smit-Fun, Wolfgang F Buhre
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Congestive heart failure (CHF) is one of the most common diseases of the elderly patient. The underlying pathophysiology varies considerably and approximately 50% of the patients suffer from CHF with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. Mortality in the perioperative period is increased in patients with CHF and this holds true for both minor and major surgeries. This review will summarize recent literature in the field of CHF and perioperative outcome in patients undergoing surgery with a special emphasis on actual guidelines, preoperative assessment and appropriate perioperative therapy...
June 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
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