keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sleep medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231011/-research-progress-of-the-relationship-between-sunds-and-osahs
#1
REVIEW
Y D Wu, L Y Zhang, J D Cheng
Sudden unexplained nocturnal death syndrome (SUNDS) is always a difficulty in forensic medicine researches. Although the development of molecular genetics promotes the etiologic study of SUNDS, the pathogenesis of most such cases is still unclear. Sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) is one of the common forms of sleep disorders, and obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is the most common. In recent years, some domestic and international researches show that OSAHS is related to the development of cardiovascular disease, which may cause cardiac arrhythmia, even sudden death...
February 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228815/acute-and-subchronic-toxicity-studies-of-aqueous-extract-of-desmodium-adscendens-sw-dc
#2
Osbourne Quaye, Precious Cramer, Mark Ofosuhene, Laud K N Okine, Alexander K Nyarko
Extracts of Desmodium adscendens (Sw) DC are used for the treatment of various diseases but limited toxicological evaluations have been done on the medicinal plant. This study investigates toxicity effects of the leave extract of D adscendens, and the possibility of drug-drug interaction of the plant extract when co-administered with other drugs. Oral administrations of leaf extract of D adscendens to white Wistar rats in an acute toxicity studies allowed the estimation of an LD50 (median lethal dose) value of 1122 mg/kg body weight...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228393/quantifying-the-arousal-threshold-using-polysomnography-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#3
Scott A Sands, Philip I Terrill, Bradley A Edwards, Luigi Taranto Montemurro, Ali Azarbarzin, Melania Marques, Camila M de Melo, Stephen H Loring, James P Butler, David White, Andrew Wellman
Objectives: Precision medicine for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) requires non-invasive estimates of each patient's pathophysiological "traits". Here we provide the first, automated technique to quantify the respiratory arousal threshold-defined as the level of ventilatory drive triggering arousal from sleep-using diagnostic polysomnographic signals in patients with OSA. Methods: Ventilatory drive preceding clinically-scored arousals was estimated from polysomnographic studies by fitting a respiratory control model (Terrill P et al...
November 9, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223863/what-can-predict-and-prevent-the-long-term-use-of-benzodiazepines
#4
Takeo Hata, Tetsufumi Kanazawa, Takeshi Hamada, Masami Nishihara, Ashley Ian Bush, Hiroshi Yoneda, Miki Nakajima, Takahiro Katsumata
Although benzodiazepines (BZDs) are commonly prescribed for insomnia or anxiety, long-term use of BZDs causes serious adverse effects such as daytime drowsiness and cognitive decline. In the current study, we evaluated the predictors and preventers of long-term usage of BZDs from a retrospective survey by utilizing the 12-year prescription record of a university hospital. From the prescription data of 92,005 people, users of BZDs (n = 3,470, male = 39.2%, mean age = 60 ± 17.5) were analyzed. During this period, both the number of prescriptions (2722 in 2004 to 1019 in 2016) and the number of BZDs (1...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222619/improvement-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-after-a-tailored-behavioural-sleep%C3%A2-medicine-intervention-targeting-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Helena Igelström, Pernilla Åsenlöf, Margareta Emtner, Eva Lindberg
PURPOSE: The aim of the present single-centre randomised controlled trial was to assess the effect of a behavioural sleep medicine (BSM) intervention on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity in patients who have been referred for new treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). METHODS: After baseline assessment including ventilatory and anthropometric parameters, and physical activity monitoring, 86 patients who were overweight (BMI ≥ 25) and had moderate-severe OSA with apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥ 15 were randomised into a control group (CG; CPAP and advice about weight loss) or an experimental group (ExpG; CPAP and BSM intervention targeting physical activity and eating behaviour)...
December 8, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217495/efficacy-of-violet-oil-a-traditional-iranian-formula-in-patients-with-chronic-insomnia-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#6
Zohre Feyzabadi, Fariborz Rezaeitalab, Shapour Badiee, Ali Taghipour, Fatemeh Moharari, Atefeh Soltanifar, Mohammad Reza Ahmadpour
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Violet oil is an ancient herbal drug which has been extensively used to treat insomnia in traditional Iranian Medicine clinics. Violet oil is an almond or sesame oil-based extract of Viola odorata, which is administered as nasal drops. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Violet oil in the treatment of insomnia. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This study was conducted as a 3-arm double-blind randomized trial. A total of 75 patients with chronic insomnia were enrolled and randomly assigned to three groups in Traditional Iranian Medicine Clinic of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214334/using-four-layer-sculpted-rib-cartilage-framework-to-increase-transverse-height-of-the-reconstructive-ear-in-one-operative-stage-for-microtia-patients
#7
Rui Wan, Xingyuan Pang, Jun Ren
PURPOSE: This case study improves an operative method of ear reconstruction for microtia patients by using a four-layer rib cartilage framework to increase transverse height of the reconstructive ear to a natural level in one operative stage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The procedures of ear reconstruction were conducted from February 2014 to May 2016. The ear framework used in the procedures was fabricated from autologous rib cartilage into a four-layer spliced sculpture...
December 6, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200617/the-relationship-between-bruxism-sleep-quality-and-headaches-in-schoolchildren
#8
Carolina Carvalho Bortoletto, Mônica da Consolação Canuto Salgueiro, Renata Valio, Yara Dadalti Fragoso, Pamella de Barros Motta, Lara Jansiski Motta, Fernanda Yukie Kobayashi, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita-Ferrari, Alessandro Deana, Sandra Kalil Bussadori
[Purpose] Present study aimed to evaluate the relationship between sleep bruxism and headache in school children. [Subjects and Methods] This study was conducted with 103 children aged 3-6 years. The exclusion criteria were early tooth loss, dental appliance was used, physical or psychological limitations, chronic disease and continuous medication. Sleep bruxism was diagnosed based on an indication by parents of the occurrence of teeth clenching/grinding and incisor/occlusal tooth wear, following the criteria of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195826/some-cardiologists-perspective-on-past-current-and-future-of-sleep-medicine
#9
EDITORIAL
Younghoon Kwon, Lee A Surkin, Chi-Hang Lee
An accumulating body of evidence has highlighted the importance of sleep in cardiovascular health. Sleep apnea (SA) is a highly common condition in patients with cardiovascular comorbidities. Although awareness about the importance of diagnosis and treatment of SA among cardiologists has increased, incorporating it into daily practice has been challenging. We briefly review the current state of sleep medicine in the United States and provide views on how the cardiology community can more actively participate in SA care to deliver higher quality of care...
November 28, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189700/effectiveness-of-support-groups-to-improve-the-quality-of-life-of-people-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-pre-post-test-pilot-study
#10
Daniela Magnani, Graziana Lenoci, Sara Balduzzi, Giovanna Artioli, Paola Ferri
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) is an interstitial lung disease, which progressively leads to severe disability and death. The average survival expectancy, ranges from 3 to 5 years from diagnosis, and the available medicines do not lead to healing. The progression of IPF lead to a decline in forced vital capacity (FVC), dyspnea, cough, continuous sleep interruptions, resulting in increased fatigue and deteriorating quality of life (QOL), progressive limitation of daily life activities and social life, with repercussions on psychological and emotional well-being, aggravated by anxiety, loss of sense of self-confidence and depression...
November 30, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189188/complementary-alternative-and-integrative-medicine-for-childhood-atopic-dermatitis
#11
Kam Lun Hon, Alexander K C Leung, Theresa N H Leung, Vivian Leeq
Backgroud: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic relapsing dermatosis associated with itch, sleep disturbance and poor quality of life. Treatment of AD includes the use of emollients, and topical and systemic immunomodulating agents. Many patients also use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the pathophysiology of AD and clinical trials involving various modalities of CAM in the treatment of AD. METHODS: A Medline/Pubmed search was conducted using Clinical Queries with the key terms "Chinese Medicine OR Complementary and Alternative medicine" AND "Eczema OR Atopic dermatitis"...
November 28, 2017: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183918/factors-associated-with-documentation-of-obesity-in-the-inpatient-setting
#12
Michelle Katzow, Peter Homel, Kyung Rhee
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is rarely identified in hospitalized pediatric patients despite the high prevalence of obesity and potential for associated morbidity. The purpose of this study was to identify specific patient characteristics associated with the documentation of obesity and related weight management recommendations in the inpatient setting. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was conducted on all pediatric patients ages 2 to 18 years old and discharged between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2014, to determine the following: (1) if obesity was noted in the clinical documentation of those with a BMI ≥95th percentile; and (2) if those with documented obesity had evidence of an obesity-specific management plan...
December 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180102/insomnia-in-united-states-military-veterans-an-integrated-theoretical-model
#13
REVIEW
Jaime M Hughes, Christi S Ulmer, Jennifer M Gierisch, S Nicole Hastings, Matthew O Howard
Marked by difficulty falling or staying asleep and/or poor sleep leading to daytime dysfunction, insomnia contributes to functional impairment, poor health, and increased healthcare utilization when left untreated. As many as two-thirds of Iraq and Afghanistan military veterans complain of insomnia. Older veterans of prior conflicts report insomnia occurring since initial service, suggesting a chronic nature to insomnia in this population. Despite insomnia's high prevalence and severe consequences, there is no theoretical model to explain either the onset or chronicity of insomnia in this growing patient population...
November 20, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177130/sleep-disordered-breathing-and-spinal-cord-injury-challenges-and-opportunities
#14
Abdulghani Sankari, Jennifer L Martin, M Safwan Badr
Purpose of review: This paper focuses on the sleep disorders in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI/D), particularly mechanism of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and challenges in diagnosis and management. Based on a review of recent literatures and studies the paper summarizes some main challenges with respect to management of SDB in patients with SCI; and what are the responsible mechanisms of disease? What are the barriers in diagnosing and treating SDB using standard treatment such as positive airway pressure (CPAP)?...
December 2017: Current Sleep Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173935/racial-ethnic-and-social-inequities-in-sleep-medicine-the-tip-of-the-iceberg
#15
REVIEW
Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal, Asmaa M Abumuamar, David Warren Spence, Vijay Kumar Chattu, Adam Moscovitch, Ahmed S BaHammam
PURPOSE: It is known that racial disparities exist in terms of disease prevalence and access to health care. However, the link between race/ethnicity and sleep quality is often under-recognized. RESULTS: Current evidence shows that differences exist between Blacks and Whites in terms of sleep duration, sleep quality, and the likelihood of acquiring a sleep disorder. It has been argued that the adverse effects of ethnicity on sleep quality or duration interact with other social or personal factors (such as employment) and that the effects of these factors are interactive and need to be analyzed simultaneously...
January 2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170853/brain-networks-are-independently-modulated-by-donepezil-sleep-and-sleep-deprivation
#16
Jonathan Wirsich, Marc Rey, Maxime Guye, Christian Bénar, Laura Lanteaume, Ben Ridley, Sylviane Confort-Gouny, Catherine Cassé-Perrot, Elisabeth Soulier, Patrick Viout, Franck Rouby, Marie-Noëlle Lefebvre, Christine Audebert, Romain Truillet, Elisabeth Jouve, Pierre Payoux, David Bartrés-Faz, Régis Bordet, Jill C Richardson, Claudio Babiloni, Paolo Maria Rossini, Joelle Micallef, Olivier Blin, Jean-Philippe Ranjeva
Resting-state connectivity has been widely studied in the healthy and pathological brain. Less well-characterized are the brain networks altered during pharmacological interventions and their possible interaction with vigilance. In the hopes of finding new biomarkers which can be used to identify cortical activity and cognitive processes linked to the effects of drugs to treat neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, the analysis of networks altered by medication would be particularly interesting...
November 23, 2017: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166864/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-depression-and-anxiety-in-chinese-patients-with-parkinson-disease
#17
Shi-Shuang Cui, Juan-Juan Du, Rao Fu, Yi-Qi Lin, Pei Huang, Ya-Chao He, Chao Gao, Hua-Long Wang, Sheng-Di Chen
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are common in Parkinson disease and both are important determinants of quality of life in patients. Several risk factors are identified but few research have investigated general and Parkinson's disease (PD)-specific factors comprehensively. The aim of this work was to explore PD-specific and -non-specific risk factors for PD with depression or anxiety. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed in 403 patients with PD. Multivariate logistic analysis was used to investigate the prevalence and risk factors for the depression and anxiety in PD...
November 22, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166575/chemical-characterization-and-pharmacological-assessment-of-cashew-gum-extract-anacardium-occidentale-l-polysaccharide-free
#18
Daiany Priscilla Bueno da Silva, Iziara Ferreira Florentino, Lorrane Kelle da Silva Moreira, Adriane Ferreira Brito, Verônica Vale Carvalho, Géssica Adriana Vasconcelos, Boniek Gontijo Vaz, Marcus Antônio Pereira-Junior, Kátia Flávia Fernandes, Elson Alves Costa
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The cashew gum (Anacardium occidentale L.) is used in Brazilian traditional medicine in the treatment of inflammatory conditions, asthma, diabetes, and gastrointestinal disturbs. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was aimed the chemical characterization and the investigation of the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of cashew gum aqueous extract without the presence of polysaccharides in its composition (CGE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CGE was obtained after precipitation and removal of polysaccharides using acetone...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161185/medications-for-sleep-schedule-adjustments-in-athletes
#19
Matthew B Baird, Irfan M Asif
CONTEXT: Sleep schedule adjustments are common requirements of modern-day athletes. Many nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic strategies exist to facilitate circadian rhythm shifts to maximize alertness and performance during competition. This review summarizes the evidence for commonly used pharmacologic agents and presents recommendations for the sports medicine provider. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: MEDLINE searches were performed using the following keywords: sleep aids, circadian rhythm adjustment, athletes and sleep, caffeine and sports, melatonin and athletes, and sleep aids and sports...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154608/a-life-stress-emotional-awareness-and-expression-interview-for-primary-care-patients-with-medically-unexplained-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Maisa S Ziadni, Jennifer N Carty, Heather K Doherty, John H Porcerelli, Lisa J Rapport, Howard Schubiner, Mark A Lumley
OBJECTIVE: Lifetime trauma, relationship adversities, and emotional conflicts are elevated in primary care patients with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS), and these risk factors likely trigger or exacerbate symptoms. Helping patients disclose stressors, increase awareness and expression of inhibited emotions, and link emotions to physical symptoms may improve health. We developed an emotional awareness and expression interview that targets stressful life experiences and conflicts and then tested its effects on primary care patients with MUS...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
keyword
keyword
11381
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"