Read by QxMD icon Read

organic thermoelectric

David Kiefer, Alexander Giovannitti, Hengda Sun, Till Biskup, Anna Hofmann, Marten Koopmans, Camila Cendra, Stefan Weber, L Jan Anton Koster, Eva Olsson, Jonathan Rivnay, Simone Fabiano, Iain McCulloch, Christian Müller
N-doping of conjugated polymers either requires a high dopant fraction or yields a low electrical conductivity because of their poor compatibility with molecular dopants. We explore n-doping of the polar naphthalenediimide-bithiophene copolymer p(gNDI-gT2) that carries oligoethylene glycol-based side chains and show that the polymer displays superior miscibility with the benzimidazole-dimethylbenzenamine-based n-dopant N-DMBI. The good compatibility of p(gNDI-gT2) and N-DMBI results in a relatively high doping efficiency of 13% for n-dopants, which leads to a high electrical conductivity of more than 10-1 S cm-1 for a dopant concentration of only 10 mol % when measured in an inert atmosphere...
February 9, 2018: ACS Energy Letters
Caiyan Gao, Guangming Chen
Although composites of organic polymers or n-type small molecule/carbon nanotube (CNT) have achieved significant advances in thermoelectric (TE) applications, p-type TE composites of small organic molecules as thick surface coating layers on the surfaces of inorganic nanoparticles still remain a great challenge. Taking advantage of in situ oxidation reaction of thieno[3,4-b]pyrazine (TP) into TP di-N-oxide (TPNO) on single-walled CNT (SWCNT) surface, a novel synthesis strategy is proposed to achieve flexible films of TE composites with narrow-bandgap (1...
February 9, 2018: Small
Ni Feng, Caiyan Gao, Cun-Yue Guo, Guangming Chen
We report flexible films of organic-inorganic thermoelectric (TE) composites based on organometallic coordination compound [copper-phenylacetylide (PhC2Cu)] nanobelts and single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). Interestingly, an unusual mechanochromic luminescence phenomenon from bright green to dark red is clearly observed after grinding the PhC2Cu crystalline nanobelts. The PhC2Cu/SWCNT composites display high mechanical flexibility and excellent TE performance. The maximum power factor at room temperature can reach as high as 200...
February 5, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Luigi Cigarini, Alice Ruini, Alessandra Catellani, Arrigo Calzolari
Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) semiconductor plays a relevant role in the development of organic thermoelectric (TE) devices for low-power generation. While dopant counterions are usually needed to provide electrical conductivity, their overall effects on the thermoelectric response of the systems are unknown and uncontrolled. Here, we present a first principles study of the electronic and thermal transport of PEDOT crystalline assemblies, specifically analysing the role played by tosylate dopants on the thermoelectric figure of merit of the doped system...
February 1, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Jeffrey L Blackburn, Andrew J Ferguson, Chungyeon Cho, Jaime C Grunlan
Conversion of waste heat to voltage has the potential to significantly reduce the carbon footprint of a number of critical energy sectors, such as the transportation and electricity-generation sectors, and manufacturing processes. Thermal energy is also an abundant low-flux source that can be harnessed to power portable/wearable electronic devices and critical components in remote off-grid locations. As such, a number of different inorganic and organic materials are being explored for their potential in thermoelectric-energy-harvesting devices...
January 22, 2018: Advanced Materials
Pawan Kumar, D V Maheswar Repaka, Kedar Hippalgaonkar
We have developed a new and accurate technique to measure temperature dependent in-plane Seebeck coefficient and electrical conductivity of organic and inorganic thin films. The measurement device consists of one heater, two thermometers, and a four-probe configuration which is patterned on a substrate of choice using a simple shadow mask. The high resolution in temperature measurements and repeatability of resistance thermometry is leveraged while enabling simple implementation using only a shadow mask for patterning...
December 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
Qiuhong Cui, Guillermo C Bazan
Two essential structural elements define a class of materials called conjugated polyelectrolytes (CPEs). The first is a polymer framework with an electronically delocalized, π-conjugated structure. This component allows one to adjust desirable optical and electronic properties, for example the range of wavelengths absorbed, emission quantum yields, electron affinity, and ionization potential. The second defining feature is the presence of ionic functionalities, which are usually linked via tethers that can modulate the distance of the charged groups relative to the backbone...
December 14, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
Chunlei Wan, Ruoming Tian, Mami Kondou, Ronggui Yang, Pengan Zong, Kunihito Koumoto
Hybrid inorganic-organic superlattice with an electron-transmitting but phonon-blocking structure has emerged as a promising flexible thin film thermoelectric material. However, the substantial challenge in optimizing carrier concentration without disrupting the superlattice structure prevents further improvement of the thermoelectric performance. Here we demonstrate a strategy for carrier optimization in a hybrid inorganic-organic superlattice of TiS2[tetrabutylammonium] x [hexylammonium] y , where the organic layers are composed of a random mixture of tetrabutylammonium and hexylammonium molecules...
October 18, 2017: Nature Communications
Hyeon Jin Oh, Jae Gyu Jang, Jong-Gyu Kim, Jong-In Hong, Jaeyun Kim, Jeonghun Kwak, Sung Hyun Kim, Seunghan Shin
We systematically investigated the effect of 2,5-bis(2-hydroxy-3-methacryloyloxypropoxy)-1,4:3,6-dianhydro-sorbitol (Iso-GMA) with different concentrations on the structural and morphological evolution of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) containing a fixed volume of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) to realize water-resistant organic thermoelectric devices. As an additive, Iso-GMA is a hydrophilic and crosslinking agent that can interact with PEDOT and PSS chains by hydrogen bonding and/or dipole-dipole- or dipole-charge-interaction...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
Pascal Gehring, Achim Harzheim, Jean Spièce, Yuewen Sheng, Gregory Rogers, Charalambos Evangeli, Aadarsh Mishra, Benjamin J Robinson, Kyriakos Porfyrakis, Jamie H Warner, Oleg V Kolosov, G Andrew D Briggs, Jan A Mol
Although it was demonstrated that discrete molecular levels determine the sign and magnitude of the thermoelectric effect in single-molecule junctions, full electrostatic control of these levels has not been achieved to date. Here, we show that graphene nanogaps combined with gold microheaters serve as a testbed for studying single-molecule thermoelectricity. Reduced screening of the gate electric field compared to conventional metal electrodes allows control of the position of the dominant transport orbital by hundreds of meV...
October 11, 2017: Nano Letters
Linhan Lin, Jianli Zhang, Xiaolei Peng, Zilong Wu, Anna C H Coughlan, Zhangming Mao, Michael A Bevan, Yuebing Zheng
Colloidal matter exhibits unique collective behaviors beyond what occurs at single-nanoparticle and atomic scales. Treating colloidal particles as building blocks, researchers are exploiting new strategies to rationally organize colloidal particles into complex structures for new functions and devices. Despite tremendous progress in directed assembly and self-assembly, a truly versatile assembly technique without specific functionalization of the colloidal particles remains elusive. We develop a new strategy to assemble colloidal matter under a light-controlled temperature field, which can solve challenges in the existing assembly techniques...
September 2017: Science Advances
Yongjing Hu, Xiaofang Liu, Fengxing Jiang, Weiqiang Zhou, Congcong Liu, Xuemin Duan, Jingkun Xu
Conductive thiophene-based polymers have garnered great attention for use in organic electron materials such as electrochromic and thermoelectric materials. However, they suffer from poor electron transport properties and long-term stability, leading to limited development eventually. Here, we proposed a strategy of functionalized thiophene-based polymers with oligo(ethylene glycol) or alkyl side chains and synthesized a series of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxy bithiophene)s (PEDTs) to tune their electrochromic and thermoelectric properties...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Dazhen Huang, Huiying Yao, Yutao Cui, Ye Zou, Fengjiao Zhang, Chao Wang, Hongguang Shen, Wenlong Jin, Jia Zhu, Ying Diao, Wei Xu, Chong-An Di, Daoben Zhu
Conjugated backbones play a fundamental role in determining the electronic properties of organic semiconductors. On the basis of two solution-processable dihydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,4-diylidenebis(thieno[3,2-b]thiophene) derivatives with aromatic and quinoid structures, we have carried out a systematic study of the relationship between the conjugated-backbone structure and the thermoelectric properties. In particular, a combination of UV-vis-NIR spectra, photoemission spectroscopy, and doping optimization are utilized to probe the interplay between energy levels, chemical doping, and thermoelectric performance...
September 6, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Dafei Yuan, Dazhen Huang, Cheng Zhang, Ye Zou, Chong-An Di, Xiaozhang Zhu, Daoben Zhu
To achieve efficient n-type doping, three dopants, 2-Cyc-DMBI-H, (2-Cyc-DMBI)2, and (2-Cyc-DMBI-Me)2, with precisely regulated electron-donating ability were designed and synthesized. By doping with a small-molecule 2DQTT-o-OD with high electron mobility, an unexpectedly high power factor of 33.3 μW m(-1) K(-2) was obtained with the new dopant (2-Cyc-DMBI-Me)2. Notably, with the intrinsically low lateral thermal conductivity of 0.28 W m(-1) K(-1), the figure of merit was determined to be 0.02 at room temperature...
August 30, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Keisuke Oshima, Shifumi Sadakata, Hitoshi Asano, Yukihide Shiraishi, Naoki Toshima
Three-component organic/inorganic hybrid films were fabricated by drop-casting the mixed dispersion of nanodispersed-poly(nickel 1,1,2,2-ethenetetrathiolate) (nano-PETT), polyimide (PI) and super growth carbon nanotubes (SG-CNTs) in N-methylpyrrolidone (NMP) at the designed ratio on a substrate. The dried nano-PETT/PI/SG-CNT hybrid films were prepared by the stepwise cleaning of NMP and methanol, and were dried once more. The thermoelectric properties of Seebeck coefficient S and electrical conductivity σ were measured by a thin-film thermoelectric measurement system ADVANCE RIKO ZEM-3M8 at 330-380 K...
July 18, 2017: Materials
Hui Li, Mallory E DeCoster, Robert M Ireland, Jian Song, Patrick E Hopkins, Howard E Katz
Four p-type polymers were synthesized by modifying poly(bisdodecylquaterthiophene) (PQT12) to increase oxidizability by p-dopants. A sulfur atom is inserted between the thiophene rings and dodecyl chains, and/or 3,4-ethylenedioxy groups are appended to thiophene rings of PQT12. Doped with NOBF4, PQTS12 (with sulfur in side chains) shows a conductivity of 350 S cm(-1), the highest reported nonionic conductivity among films made from dopant-polymer solutions. Doped with tetrafluorotetracyanoquinodimethane (F4TCNQ), PDTDE12 (with 3,4-ethylenedioxy groups on thiophene rings) shows a conductivity of 140 S cm(-1)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Jian Liu, Li Qiu, Giuseppe Portale, Marten Koopmans, Gert Ten Brink, Jan C Hummelen, L Jan Anton Koster
In this contribution, for the first time, the polarity of fullerene derivatives is tailored to enhance the miscibility between the host and dopant molecules. A fullerene derivative with a hydrophilic triethylene glycol type side chain (PTEG-1) is used as the host and (4-(1,3-dimethyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-benzoimidazol-2-yl)phenyl)dimethylamine n-DMBI) as the dopant. Thereby, the doping efficiency can be greatly improved to around 18% (<1% for a nonpolar reference sample) with optimized electrical conductivity of 2...
July 19, 2017: Advanced Materials
Yuping He, Catalin D Spataru, Francois Léonard, Reese E Jones, Michael E Foster, Mark D Allendorf, A Alec Talin
Two-dimensional (2D) materials have attracted much attention due to their novel properties. An exciting new class of 2D materials based on metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) has recently emerged, displaying high electrical conductivity, a rarity among organic nanoporous materials. The emergence of these materials raises intriguing questions about their fundamental electronic, optical, and thermal properties, but few studies exist in this regard. Here we present an atomistic study of the thermoelectric properties of crystalline 2D MOFs X3(HITP)2 with X = Ni, Pd or Pt, and HITP = 2,3,6,7,10,11-hexaiminotriphenylene, using both ab initio transport models and classical molecular dynamics simulations...
July 26, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Xingang Zhao, Deepa Madan, Yan Cheng, Jiawang Zhou, Hui Li, Susanna M Thon, Arthur E Bragg, Mallory E DeCoster, Patrick E Hopkins, Howard E Katz
Air-stable and soluble tetrabutylammonium fluoride (TBAF) is demonstrated as an efficient n-type dopant for the conjugated polymer ClBDPPV. Electron transfer from F(-) anions to the π-electron-deficient ClBDPPV through anion-π electronic interactions is strongly corroborated by the combined results of electron spin resonance, UV-vis-NIR, and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy. Doping of ClBDPPV with 25 mol% TBAF boosts electrical conductivity to up to 0.62 S cm(-1) , among the highest conductivities that have been reported for solution-processed n-type conjugated polymers, with a thermoelectric power factor of 0...
September 2017: Advanced Materials
Nianduan Lu, Ling Li, Ming Liu
Correction for 'A review of carrier thermoelectric-transport theory in organic semiconductors' by Nianduan Lu et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016, 18, 19503-19525.
June 21, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"