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Yuji Shono, Hiroshi Sugimori, Ryu Matsuo, Yoshihisa Fukushima, Yoshinobu Wakisaka, Junya Kuroda, Tetsuro Ago, Masahiro Kamouchi, Takanari Kitazono
Background The safety of antithrombotic therapy for patients with acute ischemic stroke harboring unruptured intracranial aneurysms remains unclear. Aims This study was performed to determine whether treatment with antiplatelets, anticoagulants, or intravenous thrombolytic agents is safe for patients with acute ischemic stroke and unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Methods Among 9149 patients with acute ischemic stroke enrolled in the Fukuoka Stroke Registry from June 2007 to December 2014, 8857 patients with data on cerebrovascular imaging and three-month outcomes were included in this study...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Yuji Komorita, Masanori Iwase, Hiroki Fujii, Toshiaki Ohkuma, Hitoshi Ide, Tamaki Jodai-Kitamura, Akiko Sumi, Masahito Yoshinari, Udai Nakamura, Dongchon Kang, Takanari Kitazono
OBJECTIVE: There is growing evidence that weight loss is associated with increased fracture risk in the general population. As patients with diabetes often lose weight intentionally or unintentionally, we aimed to investigate prospectively the relationship between weight loss from maximum body weight and fracture risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 4,706 Japanese participants with type 2 diabetes (mean age 66 years), including 2,755 men and 1,951 postmenopausal women, were followed for a median of 5...
March 14, 2018: Diabetes Care
Akira Kuriyama, Tetsunori Ikegami, Toshie Kaihara, Toshio Fukuoka, Takeo Nakayama
OBJECTIVE: The Japan Acuity and Triage Scale (JTAS) was developed based on Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale in 2012 and has been implemented in many Japanese EDs. We assessed the validity of JTAS by examining the association between JTAS triage levels and throughput and clinical outcomes in adult patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected clinical data in the ED of a Japanese tertiary-care hospital. We included self-presenting patients who were ≥16 years of age and triaged between June 2013 and May 2014...
March 13, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Jennifer M Kolb, Pamela Argiriadi, Karen Lee, Xiaoyu Liu, Emilia Bagiella, Aimee L Lucas, Michelle Kang Kim, Nikhil A Kumta, Satish Nagula, Umut Sarpel, Christopher J DiMaio
BACKGROUND & AIMS: For patients with branch duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (BD-IPMNs, cysts), it is a challenge to identify those at high risk for malignant lesions. We sought to identify factors associated with development of pancreatic cancer, focusing on neoplasm growth rate. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 189 patients with BD-IPMNs who underwent at least 2 contrast-enhanced cross-sectional imaging studies, 1 year or more apart, at a tertiary referral center from January 2003 through 2013...
March 10, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Hirotaka Yamaguchi, Jun Ohnishi, Atsushi Saito, Akio Ohyama, Tsukasa Nunome, Koji Miyatake, Hiroyuki Fukuoka
An NB-LRR gene, TYNBS1, was isolated from Begomovirus-resistance locus Ty-2. Transgenic plant analysis revealed that TYNBS1 is a functional resistance gene. TYNBS1 is considered to be synonymous with Ty-2. Tomato yellow leaf curl disease caused by Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) is a serious threat to tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) production worldwide. A Begomovirus resistance gene, Ty-2, was introduced into cultivated tomato from Solanum habrochaites by interspecific crossing. To identify the Ty-2 gene, we performed genetic analysis...
March 12, 2018: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Masaaki Konishi, Tomotake Morita, Tokuma Fukuoka, Tomohiro Imura, Shingo Uemura, Hiroyuki Iwabuchi, Dai Kitamoto
We discovered that Candida floricola ZM1502 is capable of selectively producing the promising hydrophilic biosurfactants, acid-form sophorolipids (SLs), from glycerol. However, productivity was very low (approximately 3.5 g L-1 ) under the initial culture conditions. Here, we describe the design of culture medium for abundant production of acid-form SLs by C. floricola ZM1502 using waste glycerol and hydrophobic substrates in order to develop a method for SL production and disposal of waste glycerol produced by oleo-chemical industries...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Oleo Science
Ken Hayashi, Motoaki Yoshida, Tatsuhiko Sato, Shin-Ichi Manabe, Koichi Yoshimura
PURPOSE: To examine whether intraocular pressure (IOP) increases immediately after cataract surgery in eyes with pseudoexfoliation (PXF) syndrome and to assess whether orally administered acetazolamide can prevent the IOP elevation. SETTING: Hayashi Eye Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Patients with PXF syndrome scheduled for phacoemulsification were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: (1) oral acetazolamide administered 1 hour preoperatively (preoperative administration group), (2) administered 3 hours postoperatively (postoperative administration group), and (3) not administered (no administration group)...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Ashley E Nordsletten, Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, Elena Aluco, Pino Alonso, Clara López-Solà, José M Menchón, Tomohiro Nakao, Masumi Kuwano, Satoshi Yamada, Leonardo F Fontenelle, André Luís Campos-Lima, David Mataix-Cols
Though problematic hoarding is believed to be a universal human behavior, investigations of clinically-defined hoarding disorder (HD) have been confined almost exclusively to Western countries. The current investigation sought to describe and directly compare the features of individuals meeting diagnostic criteria for HD across four distinct cultural settings. Participants were 82 individuals meeting DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for HD, recruited and assessed by trained clinicians at one of four project sites: London, Barcelona, Fukuoka, and Rio de Janeiro...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Noriteru Morita, Junichiro Yamauchi, Ryosuke Fukuoka, Toshiyuki Kurihara, Mitsuo Otsuka, Tomoyasu Okuda, Noriyuki Shide, Isao Kambayashi, Hisashi Shinkaiya
PURPOSE: There are only a few studies on the muscular strength of the foot in children and adolescents; thus, the developmental pattern and normative data of these populations during growth are unclear. We sought to elucidate the developmental pattern of the foot muscle strength among children, adolescents, and young adults compared with that of the hand. METHODS: A total of 747 children, adolescents, and young adults participated in this study, and their maximum isometric toe flexor strength (TFS), hand grip strength (HGS), and foot length were measured...
March 3, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Isamu Okamoto, Satoshi Morita, Naoki Tashiro, Fumio Imamura, Akira Inoue, Takashi Seto, Nobuyuki Yamamoto, Yuichiro Ohe, Kazuhiko Nakagawa, Masahiro Fukuoka
OBJECTIVES: Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) have been shown to be effective for the treatment of EGFR mutation-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in clinical trials. However, there is a lack of data from routine clinical practice. This study determined treatment and outcomes in patients with EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC treated in a real world setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical characteristics, information about NSCLC treatment regimens and survival outcomes data were obtained retrospectively from 17 medical centers across Japan...
March 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Waill A Elkhateeb, Gihan M Zaghlol, Islam M El-Garawani, Eman F Ahmed, Mostafa E Rateb, Ahmed E Abdel Moneim
Ganoderma applanatum is a widely distributed saprobic or parasitic mushroom, it was found at the bases of decaying logs in Hakozaki Higashi-ku Fukuoka-shi. Japan. The mushroom was extracted with 80% methanol, and LC-HRMS analysis was conducted to illustrate the bioactive ingredients. The cytotoxicity of the total metabolite extract was evaluated against human colon cancer cell line (Caco-2) which showed IC50 value of 160 ± 4.08 μg/ml. G. applanatum methanolic extract caused different morphological alterations and increased glutathione level in the treated cells...
February 26, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Kuniyasu Ikeoka, Shiro Hoshida, Tetsuya Watanabe, Yukinori Shinoda, Tomoko Minamisaka, Hidetada Fukuoka, Hirooki Inui, Keisuke Ueno, Yasushi Sakata
AIM: Maximal hyperemic response, leading to examination of microvascular resistance in lower-limb lesions is not well understood. This study aimed to investigate the infrainguinal arterial physiological response through a hyperemic condition and the pathophysiological significance of microvascular resistance in peripheral artery disease. METHODS: Sixteen limbs with focal stenosis of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) and 16 control limbs were analyzed. We assessed the fractional flow reserve (FFR), vascular flow reserve (VFR), and hyperemic microvascular resistance (h-MR) of the SFA with a pressure/Doppler flow sensor-tipped combination guidewire before and after endovascular therapy (EVT)...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Nandhini Srinivasan, Jin-Yao Teo, Yung-Ka Chin, Tiffany Hennedige, Damien M Tan, Albert S Low, Choon Hua Thng, Brian K P Goh
BACKGROUND: This systematic review was performed to assess the clinical utility of the Sendai Consensus Guidelines (SCG) and Fukuoka Consensus Guidelines (FCG) for intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN). METHODS: A computerized search of PubMed was performed to identify all the studies which evaluated the SCG and FCG in surgically resected, histologically confirmed IPMNs. RESULTS: Ten studies evaluating the FCG, 8 evaluating the SCG and 4 evaluating both guidelines were included...
February 24, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Yoshimi Fukuoka, Eric Vittinghoff, Julie Hooper
More than half of Latino adults living in the USA are expected to develop type 2 diabetes in their lifetime. Despite the growing interest in smartphone use for weight loss and diabetes prevention, relatively few clinical trials have evaluated the efficacy of mobile app-based interventions in Latino populations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential efficacy of an in-person weight loss intervention in conjunction with a commercially available Fitbit app in a Latino sample at risk for type 2 diabetes and explore significant predictors associated with weight loss...
February 21, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Kazuya Kotani, Kayo Ueda, Xerxes Seposo, Shusuke Yasukochi, Hiroko Matsumoto, Masaji Ono, Akiko Honda, Hirohisa Takano
BACKGROUND: The elderly population has been the primary target of intervention to prevent heat-related illnesses. According to the literature, the highest risks have been observed among the elderly in the temperature-mortality relationship. However, findings regarding the temperature-morbidity relationship are inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the association of temperature with ambulance dispatches due to acute illnesses, stratified by age group...
2018: Global Health Action
Shinji Matsutani, Masatsune Shibutani, Kiyoshi Maeda, Hisashi Nagahara, Tatsunari Fukuoka, Shigetomi Nakao, Kosei Hirakawa, Masaichi Ohira
Recently, neoadjuvant therapy for locally advanced rectal cancer has been generally performed. However, biomarkers predicting the response to neoadjuvant therapy have not been established. Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) have a crucial effect on tumor progression and the survival outcome as the primary host immune response, and an antitumor immune effect has been reported to contribute to the response to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. We investigated the significance of TILs before and after neoadjuvant treatment and the change in the density of those TILs...
February 21, 2018: Cancer Science
Abhijit Shrotri, Hirokazu Kobayashi, Atsushi Fukuoka
Cellulosic biomass is the largest source of renewable organic carbon on our planet. Cellulose accounts for 40-50 wt % of this lignocellulose, and it is a feedstock for industrially important chemicals and fuels. The first step in cellulose conversion involves its depolymerization to glucose or to its hydrogenated product sorbitol. The hydrolysis of cellulose to glucose by homogeneous mineral acids was the subject of research for almost a century. However, homogeneous acids have significant drawbacks and are neither economical nor environmentally friendly...
February 14, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
Masashi Fukuoka, Hirohiko Hohjoh
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are functional small noncoding RNAs that work as mediators in gene silencing and that play important roles in gene regulation. A number of miRNAs have been found and their expression profiles have been examined by means of various microarray systems and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) systems. Conventional microarrays as well as real-time PCR are able to detect existing miRNAs, in which inactive miRNAs that hardly contribute to gene silencing may be also contained. Here, we describe a comprehensive miRNA bioassay system with reporter genes for the detection of active miRNAs that are present in the RNA-induced silencing complexes, and actually working as mediators in gene silencing...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Takuya Fukuoka, Yoshihiko Nakazato, Hitoshi Kawasaki, Kei Ikeda, Tomotsugu Furuya, Akifumi Miyake, Takashi Mitsufuji, Yasuo Ito, Kazushi Takahashi, Nobuo Araki, Norio Tahahashi, Toshimasa Yamamoto
Objective The purpose of this study was to clarify the clinical features of ischemic patients for whom cigarette smoking was the sole risk factor for ischemic stroke. Methods Among the 1,329 patients (male, n=833; female, n=496) with acute ischemic stroke who were admitted to our hospital between April 2005 and September 2016, 346 (26%) were smokers (male, n=308 [36.9%]; female, 38 [7.6%]). In 42 (3.1%; male, n=41; female, n=1) cases, cigarette smoking was considered to be the sole risk factor for ischemic stroke...
February 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
Jose Manuel Mella, Estanislao Jesús Gómez, Mariana Omodeo, Matias Manzotti, Mariela Roel, Lisandro Pereyra, Carolina Fischer, Nicolás Panigadi, Raquel González, Pablo Luna, Silvia Cecilia Pedreira, Daniel Gustavo Cimmino, Luis Alberto Boerr
BACKGROUND: Most pancreatic cysts (PCs) found incidentally by CT and MRI scans might not be clinically important according to the Fukuoka guidelines, the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) guidelines and European guidelines. AIMS: To determine and compare the prevalence of incidental clinically important PCs (CIPCs). METHODS: Abdominal contrast-enhanced CT or MRI scans performed during a one-year period were retrospectively reviewed to identify incidental PCs...
February 8, 2018: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
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