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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542415/pharmacological-thromboprophylaxis-and-its-impact-on-venous-thromboembolism-following-total-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty-in-korea-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#1
Ho-Young Yhim, Juhyun Lee, Ji Yun Lee, Jeong-Ok Lee, Soo-Mee Bang
BACKGROUND: Limited data is available regarding the pharmacological prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in Asian patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty (TKA/THA). METHODS: We performed a population-based epidemiological study using the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service database to estimate the rate of pharmacological thromboprophylaxis and its impact on VTE in Korean patients who underwent TKA/THA between 2009 and 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541531/the-affordability-of-minimally-invasive-procedures-in-major-lung-resection-a-prospective-study
#2
Henri Gondé, Marc Laurent, André Gillibert, Omar-Matthieu Sarsam, Rémi Varin, Gaël Grimandi, Christophe Peillon, Jean-Marc Baste
OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive procedures are used for the surgical treatment of lung cancer. Two techniques are proposed: video-assisted thoracic surgery or robotic-assisted thoracic surgery. Our goal was to study the economic impact of our long-standing program for minimally invasive procedures for major lung resection. METHODS: We conducted a single-centre, 1-year prospective cost study. Patients who underwent lobectomy or segmentectomy were included. Patient characteristics and perioperative outcomes were collected...
May 25, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538594/trends-in-patient-care-for-traumatic-spinal-injuries-in-the-united-states-a-national-inpatient-sample-study-of-the-correlations-with-patient-outcomes-from-2001-to-2012
#3
Christopher M Holland, Marcus D Mazur, Erica F Bisson, Meic H Schmidt, Andrew T Dailey
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective database review OBJECTIVE.: To examine whether patient characteristics, distribution of care, and patient outcomes for spinal cord injury (SCI) in the United States have changed between 2001 and 2012. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although patient outcomes after cranial injury are better at high-volume centers with specialized, multidisciplinary teams, similar assessments have not been done for spinal injuries. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the National and Nationwide Inpatient Samples for the years 2001, 2002, 2011, and 2012 to identify patients with spinal fracture with or without SCI...
May 22, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527757/comparative-analysis-of-peri-operative-complications-between-a-multicenter-prospective-cervical-deformity-database-and-the-nationwide-inpatient-sample-database
#4
Peter G Passias, Samantha R Horn, Cyrus M Jalai, Gregory Poorman, Olivia J Bono, Subaraman Ramchandran, Justin S Smith, Justin K Scheer, Daniel M Sciubba, D Kojo Hamilton, Gregory Mundis, Cheongeun Oh, Eric O Klineberg, Virginie Lafage, Christopher I Shaffrey, Christopher P Ames
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Complication rates for adult cervical deformity are poorly characterized given the complexity and heterogeneity of cases. PURPOSE: To compare peri-operative complication rates following adult cervical deformity corrective surgery between a prospective multi-center database for cervical deformity patients (PCD) and Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS). STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective review of prospective databases. PATIENT SAMPLE: 11,501 adult cervical deformity patients (11,379 patients from NIS and 122 patients from PCD database)...
May 17, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527755/perioperative-neurologic-complications-during-spinal-fusion-surgery-incidence-and-trends
#5
Parthasarathy Thirumala, James Zhou, Piruthiviraj Natarajan, Jeffrey Balzer, Edward Dixon, David Okonkwo, D K Hamilton
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Perioperative neurologic complications after spine surgery may increase morbidity and healthcare costs related to the procedure. PURPOSE: We estimate the national incidence of perioperative neurologic complications following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), posterior cervical fusion, and thoracolumbar fusion procedures using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) data from 1999 to 2011. Additionally, we identify risk factors for developing perioperative neurologic complications and the effects of these injuries on quantifiable patient outcomes...
May 17, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525829/epidemiology-and-management-of-primary-immune-thrombocytopenia-a-nationwide-population-based-study-in-korea
#6
Ji Yun Lee, Ju-Hyun Lee, Heeyoung Lee, Beodeul Kang, Ji-Won Kim, Se Hyun Kim, Jeong-Ok Lee, Jin Won Kim, Yu Jung Kim, Keun-Wook Lee, Jee Hyun Kim, Hyoung Soo Choi, Jong Seok Lee, Soo-Mee Bang
INTRODUCTION: The epidemiology of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is not well characterized in an Asian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From July 2010 to June 2014, ITP patients were identified using the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service database. RESULTS: The overall incidence rate of ITP was 5.3 per 100,000 person-years (95% CI: 5.1-5.5). The overall incidence rate ratios of children under 15years old to adults and females to males were 3...
May 11, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492821/risk-associated-with-complications-and-mortality-after-urgent-surgery-vs-elective-and-emergency-surgery-implications-for-defining-quality-and-reporting-outcomes-for-urgent-surgery
#7
Matthew G Mullen, Alex D Michaels, J Hunter Mehaffey, Christopher A Guidry, Florence E Turrentine, Traci L Hedrick, Charles M Friel
Importance: Given the current climate of outcomes-driven quality reporting, it is critical to appropriately risk stratify patients using standardized metrics. Objective: To elucidate the risk associated with urgent surgery on complications and mortality after general surgical procedures. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective review used the American College of Surgeons National Surgery Quality Improvement Program database to capture all general surgery cases performed at 435 hospitals nationwide between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2013...
May 10, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489013/-incidence-cause-and-treatment-of-colonic-perforations-in-iceland-1998-2007-a-nationwide-study
#8
Kristin Jonsdottir, Elsa B Valsdottir, Shreekrishna Datye, Fritz Berndsen, Pall Helgi Moller
INTRODUCTION: Colon perforation is a serious illness with mortality reported from 0-39%. Surgery used to be the gold standard but treatment has changed as studies have indicated comparable results with less invasive treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of acute colon perforations in Iceland, causes and treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective, nationwide, multicenter analysis was performed based on ICD-10 codes from databases of the main hospitals in Iceland...
February 2017: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486368/cumulative-incidence-of-a-subsequent-surgery-after-stress-urinary-incontinence-and-pelvic-organ-prolapse-procedure
#9
Jennifer M Wu, Alexis A Dieter, Virginia Pate, Michele Jonsson Funk
OBJECTIVE: To assess the 5-year risk and timing of repeat stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) procedures. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using a nationwide database, the 2007-2014 MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters and Medicare Supplemental Databases (Truven Health Analytics), which contain deidentified health care claims data from approximately 150 employer-based insurance plans across the United States...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480964/survival-benefit-of-liver-resection-for-barcelona-clinic-liver-cancer-stage-b-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#10
H Kim, S W Ahn, S K Hong, K C Yoon, H-S Kim, Y R Choi, H W Lee, N-J Yi, K-W Lee, K-S Suh
BACKGROUND: Although transarterial chemoembolization is recommended as the standard treatment for Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage B hepatocellular carcinoma (BCLC-B HCC), other treatments including liver resection have been used. This study aimed to determine the survival benefit of treatment strategies including resection for BCLC-B HCC compared with non-surgical treatments. METHODS: The nationwide multicentre database of the Korean Liver Cancer Association was reviewed...
May 8, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476459/cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-national-trends-in-the-treatment-and-peri-operative-outcomes-over-10years
#11
Peter G Passias, Bryan J Marascalchi, Anthony J Boniello, Sun Yang, Kristina Bianco, Cyrus M Jalai, Nancy J Worley, Samantha R Horn, Virginie Lafage, John A Bendo
BACKGROUND: Recent studies show increases in cervical spine surgery prevalence and cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) diagnoses in the US. However, few studies have examined outcomes for CSM surgical management, particularly on a nationwide scale. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate national trends from 2001 to 2010 for CSM patient surgical approach, postoperative outcomes, and hospital characteristics. METHODS: A retrospective nationwide database analysis provided by the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) including CSM patients aged 25+ who underwent anterior and/or posterior cervical fusion or laminoplasty from 2001 to 2010...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475558/to-what-extent-does-posthospital-discharge-chemoprophylaxis-prevent-venous-thromboembolism-after-bariatric-surgery-results-from-a-nationwide-cohort-of-more-than-110-000-patients
#12
Jérémie Thereaux, Thomas Lesuffleur, Sébastien Czernichow, Arnaud Basdevant, Simon Msika, David Nocca, Bertrand Millat, Anne Fagot-Campagna
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess the incidence, risk factors, and the impact of posthospital discharge (PHD) chemoprophylaxis on venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients undergoing bariatric surgery (BS). BACKGROUND: VTE is a major concern after BS, especially during the PHD period. No large-scale study has previously focused on the clinical value of PHD chemoprophylaxis. METHODS: In this nationwide observational population-based cohort study, all data from patients undergoing BS were extracted from the French National Health Insurance database (SNIIRAM) from 1st January 2012 to 31st September 2014...
May 4, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463637/declining-otolaryngology-resident-training-experience-in-tracheostomies-case-log-trends-from-2005-to-2015
#13
David Lesko, Jason Showmaker, Ceisha Ukatu, Qiwei Wu, C W David Chang
Objective To evaluate recent tracheostomy surgical experience among otolaryngology residents and general surgery residents. Study Design Retrospective database review. Setting Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education otolaryngology and general surgery programs. Subjects and Methods Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education case log data from 2005 to 2015 for resident graduates in otolaryngology and general surgery were used to obtain mean graduate tracheostomy numbers, mean graduate composite case numbers, and number of graduating residents...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457536/pre-versus-postoperative-chemoradiotherapy-for-locally-advanced-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#14
Po-Kuei Hsu, Hui-Shan Chen, Chia-Chuan Liu, Chien-Sheng Huang, Chih-Cheng Hsieh, Han-Shui Hsu, Shiao-Chi Wu
OBJECTIVES: Although preoperative chemoradiation followed by surgery has been recognized as an efficient strategy for esophageal cancer treatments, several studies demonstrate survival benefits of postoperative chemoradiation for those undergoing upfront resection. The optimal sequence of surgery and chemoradiation remains unclear. METHODS: Data of 1647 patients with clinical stage II/III esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), including 1245 receiving preoperative chemoradiation followed by esophagectomy (pre-OP CRT group) and 402 receiving primary esophagectomy followed postoperative chemoradiation (post-OP CRT group), were obtained from a nationwide database...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456676/early-intervention-in-cauda-equina-syndrome-associated-with-better-outcomes-a-myth-or-reality-insights-from-the-nationwide-inpatient-sample-database-2005-2011
#15
Jai Deep Thakur, Christopher Storey, Piyush Kalakoti, Osama Ahmed, Rimal H Dossani, Richard P Menger, Kanika Sharma, Hai Sun, Anil Nanda
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Evidence-based consensus on timing to surgical decompression following symptom onset in patients with cauda equine syndrome (CES) is limited or widely debated. PURPOSE: To investigate timing to intervention in management of patients with CES impacts outcomes. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective cohort study. PATIENT SAMPLE: 4,066 adult patients with CES registered in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database (2005-2011) and undergoing elective decompression surgery...
April 26, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456674/bone-morphogenetic-protein-use-in-spine-surgery-in-the-united-states-how-have-we-responded-to-the-warnings
#16
Javier Z Guzman, Robert K Merrill, Jun S Kim, Samuel C Overley, James E Dowdell, Sulaiman Somani, Andrew C Hecht, Samuel K Cho, Sheeraz A Qureshi
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) has been widely adopted as a fusion adjunct in spine surgery since its approval in 2002. A number of concerns regarding adverse effects and potentially devastating complications of rhBMP-2 use led to an FDA advisory issued in 2008 cautioning its use, and a separate warning about its potential complications was published by The Spine Journal in 2011. PURPOSE: To compare trends of rhBMP-2 use in spine surgery after the FDA advisory in 2008 and The Spine Journal warning in 2011...
April 26, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451508/thirty-day-morbidity-associated-with-pelvic-fixation-in-adult-patients-undergoing-fusion-for-spinal-deformity-a-propensity-matched-analysis
#17
Parth Kothari, Sulaiman Somani, Nathan J Lee, Javier Z Guzman, Dante M Leven, Branko Skovrlj, Jeremy Steinberger, Jun Kim, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE: To determine if patients undergoing spinal deformity surgery with pelvic fixation are at an increased risk of morbidity. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program is a large multicenter clinical registry that prospectively collects preoperative risk factors, intraoperative variables, and 30-day postoperative morbidity and mortality outcomes from ~400 hospitals nationwide...
February 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445566/variation-in-outcomes-at-bariatric-surgery-centers-of-excellence
#18
Andrew M Ibrahim, Amir A Ghaferi, Jyothi R Thumma, Justin B Dimick
Importance: In the United States, reports about perioperative complications associated with bariatric surgery led to the establishment of accreditation criteria for bariatric centers of excellence and many bariatric centers obtaining accreditation. Currently, most bariatric procedures occur at these centers, but to what extent they uniformly provide high-quality care remains unknown. Objective: To describe the variation in surgical outcomes across bariatric centers of excellence and the geographic availability of high-quality centers...
April 26, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444256/outcomes-after-the-mustard-senning-and-arterial-switch-operation-for-treatment-of-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-in-finland-a-nationwide-4-decade-perspective
#19
Alireza Raissadati, Heta Nieminen, Heikki Sairanen, Eero Jokinen
OBJECTIVES: We analysed nationwide early and late results after the Mustard, Senning and arterial switch operation. METHODS: We included all paediatric patients (<18 years) who underwent a Senning, a Mustard or an arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries from 1968 to 2009 in Finland. Data were obtained retrospectively from a paediatric cardiac surgical database and population data from the Finnish national registry. RESULTS: Early mortality (<30 days) was 11% after Mustard and 5% after Senning operation, while the rate decreased from 19% during 1976-1999 to 2% during 2000-2009 for arterial switch patients ( P  < 0...
April 24, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441279/congenital-etiology-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-complications-in-adolescents-undergoing-corrective-scoliosis-surgery-comparison-of-in-hospital-comorbidities-using-nationwide-kid-s-inpatient-database
#20
Gregory W Poorman, Cyrus M Jalai, Bassel Diebo, Shaleen Vira, John Buza, Joe Baker, Jared Tishelman, Samantha Horn, Olivia Bono, Kartik Shenoy, Saqib Hasan, Justin Paul, Evan Isaacs, Ian Kaye, Abiola Atanda, Aaron J Buckland, Virginie LaFage, Thomas Errico, Peter G Passias
BACKGROUND: Congenital scoliosis (CS) is associated with more rigid, complex deformities relative to adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) which theoretically increases surgical complications. Despite extensive literature studying AIS patients, few studies have been performed on CS patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate complications associated with spinal fusions for CS and AIS. METHODS: A retrospective review of the Kid's Inpatient Database (KID) years 2000 to 2009 was performed...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
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