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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343369/heavier-birth-weight-associated-with-taller-height-but-not-age-at-menarche-in-us-women-born-1991-1998
#1
Megan Workman, Karina Kelly
OBJECTIVES: Heavier birth weight predicts taller adult height, but it remains unknown the extent to which this additional height increment results from a faster average growth rate versus an extension of the growth period. Aiming to distinguish these effects, this study examined associations between birth weight (BW), age at menarche (an established proxy for growth duration), and near-adult height in a cohort of US young women born in the 1990s. METHODS: Multiple regression evaluated age-adjusted height as an outcome of BW, age at menarche, indicators of family socioeconomic status, and other potential confounders in a sample of US teens who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2007 and 2012 (N = 342)...
March 26, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343340/a-lake-centric-geospatial-database-to-guide-research-and-inform-management-decisions-in-an-arctic-watershed-in-northern-alaska-experiencing-climate-and-land-use-changes
#2
Benjamin M Jones, Christopher D Arp, Matthew S Whitman, Debora Nigro, Ingmar Nitze, John Beaver, Anne Gädeke, Callie Zuck, Anna Liljedahl, Ronald Daanen, Eric Torvinen, Stacey Fritz, Guido Grosse
Lakes are dominant and diverse landscape features in the Arctic, but conventional land cover classification schemes typically map them as a single uniform class. Here, we present a detailed lake-centric geospatial database for an Arctic watershed in northern Alaska. We developed a GIS dataset consisting of 4362 lakes that provides information on lake morphometry, hydrologic connectivity, surface area dynamics, surrounding terrestrial ecotypes, and other important conditions describing Arctic lakes. Analyzing the geospatial database relative to fish and bird survey data shows relations to lake depth and hydrologic connectivity, which are being used to guide research and aid in the management of aquatic resources in the National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska...
March 25, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343324/a-new-species-of-neocosmocercella-baker-vaucher-1983-nematoda-cosmocercidae-a-parasite-of-phyllomedusa-vaillantii-boulenger-anura-phyllomedusidae-in-the-caxiuan%C3%A3-national-forest-eastern-amazon-brazil
#3
Ana Nunes Dos Santos, Allan Rodrigo Oliveira Rodrigues, Jeannie Nascimento Dos Santos, Cynthya Elizabeth González, Francisco Tiago de Vasconcelos Melo
Neocosmocercella bakeri n. sp. is described from the large intestine of Phyllomedusa vaillantii Boulenger collected in the Caxiuanã National Forest in the Eastern Brazilian Amazon. The new species is easily distinguished from the type-species of the genus, Neocosmocercella paraguayensis Baker & Vaucher, 1983 in possessing a triangular mouth opening with three simple lips (vs three bi-lobed lips and hexagonal mouth opening) and somatic papillae, which are absent in N. paraguayensis. The males of the new species are distinguished by the distribution of the sessile cloacal papillae and the dimensions of the gubernaculum, whereas the females are distinguished by their smaller size and opisthodelphic uterus...
March 25, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343288/associations-between-household-secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-health-problems-among-non-smoking-adolescents-in-the-republic-of-korea
#4
Sunhee Park
This study examined the association between household secondhand smoke exposure (HSHSE) and health status among non-smoking adolescents in Korea using two subsamples obtained from nationally representative cross-sectional secondary data: males (n = 25,653) and females (n = 31,187). Two self-reported HSHSE measures included exposure to household secondhand smoke during the week before the survey (yes or no) and number of days of HSHSE (1-7 days); and five self-reported health problems included asthma, perceived stress, depression, suicidal ideation, and self-rated health...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343261/stress-processes-linking-parent-child-disconnection-to-disease-risk-in-young-adulthood-amplification-by-genotype
#5
Dayoung Bae, Kandauda A S Wickrama
Previous studies have documented that early stressful family relationships influence subsequent stressful life circumstances and health outcomes over the life course. Less is known, however, about whether stressful parent-child relationships increase the influence of proximal stressors on youth health operating as a stress-sensitizing life context, and individual genetic variations have effects on these developmental processes. Informed by life course stress process theory, which focuses on the proliferation, accumulation, and interactions of stressors over the life course as health risks, we examined whether (a) parent-child disconnection influences the occurrence of stressful life events in young adulthood, (b) parent-child disconnection potentiates the impact of stressful life events on young adults' health, or (c) potential health impact is intensified further by individual genotype...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343220/hemorrhagic-transformations-after-thrombectomy-risk-factors-and-clinical-relevance
#6
Johannes Kaesmacher, Mirjam Kaesmacher, Christian Maegerlein, Claus Zimmer, Alexandra S Gersing, Silke Wunderlich, Benjamin Friedrich, Tobias Boeckh-Behrens, Justus F Kleine
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is a major complication of acute ischemic stroke, potentially associated with clinical deterioration. We attempted to identify risk factors and evaluated clinical relevance of minor and major HTs following endovascular thrombectomy (ET) in isolated middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusions. METHODS: This is a retrospective single-center analysis of 409 patients with isolated MCA occlusion treated with ET. Patients' and procedural characteristics, severity of HT according to the European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study criteria, and clinical outcomes were analyzed...
March 25, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343208/legal-features-of-the-drug-advertising
#7
Vitalii M Pashkov, Andrii A Olefir, Oleksiy Y Bytyak
INTRODUCTION: In the article discribed current trends of advertising in the pharmaceutical market and foreign experience of legal regulation of these relations. As for the advertising of medicines identified it's symptoms, types, basic rules and prohibitions. Modern pharmaceutical companies can not successfully carry out economic activities without advertising. Besides we can mention some fundamental changes in society (information overload, universal access to internet, social media, freedom of movement of goods, labor and finance), also self-medication becomes more popular...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343173/fast-track-protocols-using-highly-sensitive-troponin-assays-for-ruling-out-and-ruling-in-non-st-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome
#8
Simona Ferraro, Alberto Dolci, Mauro Panteghini
The introduction of "highly sensitive" cardiac troponin assays (hsTn) has reinforced the evidence that only serial testing incorporated in running algorithms allows a more accurate diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. In this report, we consider the available evidence supporting the use of fast track protocols for ruling out and ruling in non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and compare it with the content of recently released guideline by the European Society of Cardiology, noting some uncomfortable aspects that need urgent clarification and/or revision...
March 27, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343114/seeing-through-the-public-health-smoke-screen-in-drug-policy
#9
Joanne Csete, Daniel Wolfe
In deliberations on drug policy in United Nations fora, a consensus has emerged that drug use and drug dependence should be treated primarily as public health concerns rather than as crimes. But what some member states mean by "public health approach" merits scrutiny. Some governments that espouse treating people who use drugs as "patients, not criminals" still subject them to prison-like detention in the name of drug-dependence treatment or otherwise do not take measures to provide scientifically sound treatment and humane social support to those who need them...
March 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343110/the-harder-they-fall-sex-and-race-ethnic-specific-suicide-rates-in-the-u-s-foreclosure-crisis
#10
Jason N Houle, Michael T Light
Previous work shows suicide rates increase during economic recessions, but little research has examined the extent to which the foreclosure crisis-a unique aspect of the Great Recession-has contributed to disparities in rising suicide rates by race and sex. We develop and test two competing hypotheses regarding the association between foreclosures and race by sex specific suicide rates. We link foreclosure data (RealtyTrac) and suicide data (CDC) from 174 metropolitan areas from 2005 to 2010 (1044 MSA-year observations) and find that-net of time invariant unobserved between-metro area differences, national time trends, and time-varying confounders-a rise in the foreclosure rate is associated with a marginal increase in suicide, but this main effect masks considerable heterogeneity across groups...
March 19, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343101/the-influence-of-odd-even-car-trial-on-fine-and-coarse-particles-in-delhi
#11
Prashant Kumar, Sunil Gulia, Roy M Harrison, Mukesh Khare
The odd-even car trial scheme, which reduced car traffic between 08.00 and 20.00 h daily, was applied from 1 to 15 January 2016 (winter scheme, WS) and 15-30 April 2016 (summer scheme, SS). The daily average PM2.5 and PM10 exceeded national standards, with highest concentrations (313 μg m(-3) and 639 μg m(-3), respectively) during winter and lowest (53 μg m(-3) and 130 μg m(-3)) during the monsoon (June-August). PM concentrations during the trials can be interpreted either as reduced or increased, depending on the periods used for comparison purposes...
March 23, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343067/reading-problems-and-major-mental-disorders-co-occurrences-and-familial-overlaps-in-a-swedish-nationwide-cohort
#12
Martin Cederlöf, Barbara Maughan, Henrik Larsson, Brian M D'Onofrio, Robert Plomin
Reading problems often co-occur with ADHD and conduct disorder. However, the patterns of co-occurrence and familial overlap between reading problems and other psychiatric disorders have not been systematically explored. We conducted a register-based cohort study including 8719 individuals with reading problems and their siblings, along with matched comparison individuals. Conditional logistic regressions estimated risks for ADHD, autism, obsessive-compulsive disorder, anorexia nervosa, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, substance use disorder, and violent/non-violent criminality in individuals with reading problems and their siblings...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343048/protective-effect-of-cddo-ea-against-high-glucose-induced-oxidative-injury-via-the-nrf2-ho-1-pathway
#13
Cun-Xin Zhang, Ting Wang, Jin-Feng Ma, Yang Liu, Zheng-Gang Zhou, De-Chun Wang
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is the main cause of low back pain, and nucleus pulposus (NP) cell apoptosis is an important risk factor of IDD. However, the molecular mechanism of this disease remains unknown. PURPOSE: To assess the potential protective effect of CDDO-ethyl amide (EA) against high-glucose-induced oxidative stress injury in NP cells and to investigate the mechanism of antioxidative effects and apoptotic inhibition. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: To find new molecule to inhibit intervertebral disc degeneration...
March 22, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343046/perioperative-hemoglobin-a1c-as-a-predictor-of-deep-infection-following-single-level-lumbar-decompression-in-patients-with-diabetes
#14
Jourdan M Cancienne, Brian C Werner, Dennis Q Chen, Hamid Hassanzadeh, Adam L Shimer
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Although multiple studies have cited diabetes mellitus as a risk factor decreased functional outcomes, increased infectious complications, and overall increased reoperation rate following degenerative lumbar spinal surgery, few have investigated how perioperative glycemic control influences such complications. PURPOSE: The primary goal of the present study was to use a national database to evaluate the association of perioperative glycemic control as demonstrated by Hemoglobin A1c levels in patients with diabetes undergoing primary, single level decompression without concomitant fusion with the incidence of deep postoperative infection following requiring operative irrigation and debridement...
March 22, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342974/after-total-knee-replacement-younger-patients-demonstrate-superior-balance-control-compared-to-older-patients-when-recovering-from-a-forward-fall
#15
Brian D Street, William Gage
BACKGROUND: National joint replacement registries have reported a substantial growth in younger knee osteoarthritic patients (<55years old) undergoing total knee replacement, however this younger population is generally understudied. Importantly, studies examining experimentally controlled perturbation have shown age-related differences between younger and older healthy adults, whether similar age-related differences exist among total knee replacement patients is unknown. METHODS: A total of 59 participants, including 29 unilateral total knee replacement patients (six-months post-surgery) made up the four experimental groups: 1) younger patient (54...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342948/waist-hip-ratio-better-predicts-development-of-severe-liver-disease-within-20-years-than-body-mass-index-a-population-based-cohort-study
#16
Anna Andreasson, Axel C Carlsson, Kristina Önnerhag, Hannes Hagström
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Obesity, commonly assessed based on body mass index (BMI), is associated with an increased risk for severe liver disease. It is not known if other measures of body composition are better determinants of risk for severe liver disease, and or if these differ between women and men. We investigated the body composition measures that best predict the development of severe liver disease. METHODS: We collected data from the Malmö Diet and Cancer study in Sweden, comprising 16,784 women and 10,833 (mean age, 58...
March 22, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342778/-the-burden-of-fungal-infections-in-algeria
#17
REVIEW
M Chekiri-Talbi, D W Denning
In Algeria, superficial mycoses are very commonly diagnosed. Deep fungal infections are less often observed. Few data from Algeria are found in the literature. We report for the first time the main causes of these diseases in our country and provide burden estimates. We searched for existing data and estimated the incidence and prevalence of fungal diseases based on the population at risk and available epidemiological data. Demographic data were derived from the Service (Office) of the Statistics (ONES), World Health Organization (WHO), The Joint Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and national published reports...
March 22, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342688/in-hospital-mortality-30-day-readmission-and-length-of-hospital-stay-after-surgery-for-primary-colorectal-cancer-a-national-population-based-study
#18
S Pucciarelli, M Zorzi, N Gennaro, G Gagliardi, A Restivo, M Saugo, A Barina, M Rugge, M Zuin, I Maretto, D Nitti
INTRODUCTION: The simultaneous assessment of multiple indicators for quality of care is essential for comparisons of performance between hospitals and health care systems. The aim of this study was to assess the rates of in-hospital mortality and 30-day readmission and length of hospital stay (LOS) in patients who underwent surgical procedures for colorectal cancer between 2005 and 2014 in Italy. METHODS: All patients in the National Italian Hospital Discharge Dataset who underwent a surgical procedure for colorectal cancer during the study period were included...
March 16, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342674/mindfulness-predicts-student-nurses-communication-self-efficacy-a-cross-national-comparative-study
#19
Vibeke Sundling, Annelie J Sundler, Inger K Holmström, Dorte Vesterager Kristensen, Hilde Eide
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare student nurses' communication self-efficacy, empathy, and mindfulness across two countries, and to analyse the relationship between these qualities. METHODS: The study had a cross-sectional design. Data was collected from final year student nurses in Norway and Sweden. Communication self-efficacy, empathy, and mindfulness were reported by questionnaires; Clear-cut communication with patients, Jefferson Scale of Empathy, and Langer 14 items mindfulness scale...
March 11, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342634/-prevalence-trends-of-high-risk-of-mental-disorders-in-the-spanish-adult-population-2006-2012
#20
Virginia Basterra
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of high risk of psychiatric morbidity in the Spanish adult population and its changes between 2006 and 2012. METHODS: Data from 47,905 participants obtained from the National Health Surveys in 2006 and 2012 were used. Mental health status was assessed with the General Health Questionnaire score. Adjusted logistic regression models were fitted. RESULTS: The prevalence of high risk of psychiatric morbidity was 20...
March 22, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
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