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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915409/does-adolescent-motherhood-affect-education-and-labor-market-outcomes-of-mothers-a-study-on-young-adult-women-in-chile-during-1990-2013
#1
Matias Berthelon, Diana I Kruger
OBJECTIVES: We analyze the impact of adolescent motherhood on several education and labor market outcomes in Chile over the 1990-2013 period. We explore whether effects are different across income levels, timing of adolescent births, and three sub-periods. METHODS: Using the CASEN national household survey, we applied propensity score-matching methods on two samples of women aged 24: one for women in the 2009-2013 period and another sample of 24-year-old women living with their mother between 1990-2013...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915391/is-the-macrophyte-diversification-along-the-trophic-gradient-distinct-enough-for-river-monitoring
#2
Krzysztof Szoszkiewicz, Anna Budka, Karol Pietruczuk, Dariusz Kayzer, Daniel Gebler
The variation of a number of parameters characterizing aquatic plant assemblages in rivers across a wide trophic gradient was investigated to evaluate their usefulness for a Polish national river monitoring system. Analyses were conducted at 100 sites included in the national river monitoring system, representing a uniform river type, i.e., small- and medium-sized lowland rivers with a sandy substrate. Results of botanical surveys, which were supplemented with comprehensive monthly quality records, were obtained from the national monitoring database...
December 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915384/male-infertility-following-inguinal-hernia-repair-a-systematic-review-and-pooled-analysis
#3
REVIEW
A Kordzadeh, M O Liu, N V Jayanthi
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review is to establish the clinical impact of open (mesh and/or without mesh) and laparoscopic hernia repair (transabdominal pre-peritoneal (TAP) and/or totally extra-peritoneal (TEP)) on male fertility. The incidence of male infertility following various types of inguinal hernia repair is currently unknown. The lack of high-quality evidence has led to various speculations, suggestions and reliance on anecdotal experience in the clinical practice...
December 3, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915373/risk-factors-associated-with-postoperative-morbidity-in-over-500-colovesical-fistula-patients-undergoing-colorectal-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study-from-acs-nsqip-database
#4
H Hande Aydinli, Cigdem Benlice, Gokhan Ozuner, Emre Gorgun, Maher A Abbas
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of various factors on 30-day postoperative morbidity in patients who underwent colorectal surgery (CRS) for colovesical fistula (CVF) in the elective and emergency settings. METHODS: Patients who underwent CRS for CVF between 2005 and 2013 were identified from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database by using current procedural terminology codes. Demographics, perioperative, and operative factors were assessed and compared between two groups classified according to the presence or absence of postoperative complications...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915323/the-role-of-neonatal-nurses-in-the-prevention-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#5
Geetanjli Kalyan, Sarah Moxon
The main risk factors for preterm babies developing retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) are poorly administered supplemental oxygen, infections, poor weight gain and transfusion of blood products, meaning ROP is sensitive to the quality of neonatal inpatient care provided, especially the nursing care. Nurses are the primary caregivers in neonatal units and play a critical role in preventing ROP related blindness. We discuss the role of the neonatal nurse in prevention of ROP based on a framework of five dimensions of care: specialist knowledge, clinical advocacy, leadership and mentorship, service management and counselling...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915314/programs-for-detecting-and-treating-retinopathy-of-prematurity-role-of-the-neonatal-team
#6
Sudhanshu Grover, Deeksha Katoch, Mangat R Dogra, Praveen Kumar
High quality perinatal-neonatal care can prevent severe Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) in most cases. Preterm infants who do develop retinopathy can also have good visual outcomes if screening and treatment are done timely. National Neonatology Forum published clinical practice guidelines for timely screening and treatment of ROP in neonatal care units in the country in 2010. It is also listed as one of the condition under Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram for early identification and early intervention, and is currently a focus area under the National Program for Control of Blindness...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915311/can-we-stop-the-current-epidemic-of-blindness-from-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#7
Sourabh Dutta, Talkad Raghuveer, Anand Vinekar, Mangat Ram Dogra
Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a retinal vascular disease of the premature infant. There have been significant advances in the understanding of the pathogenesis, prevention, detection and treatment of severe ROP. In developed countries, all premature infants at risk for ROP are screened routinely based on national guidelines and treatment is prompt, resulting in good visual outcomes. Blindness from ROP is a rare event in these countries. However, there is an ongoing epidemic of ROP- induced blindness in India...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915257/correlates-of-self-rated-health-in-southern-europe-evidences-from-national-representative-samples-in-italy-and-serbia
#8
Francesco Lietz, Giovanni Piumatti, Jelena Marinkovic, Vesna Bjegovic-Mikanovic
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health (SRH) is a widely adopted tool to compare health across countries. Our aim was to examine SRH differences between Italy and Serbia and to observe the role of predictors of SRH referring to health behaviors within and between both countries. METHODS: We used cross-sectional population-based data from Italian and Serbian national health surveys carried out in 2013. Post hoc cross-standardization was undertaken to ensure that the information from both data sets was comparable...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915256/the-nihr-public-health-research-programme-intervention-approaches-to-tackle-health-inequalities
#9
H Dorling, L Ollerhead, C Kidgell
BACKGROUND: The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Public Health Research (PHR) Programme evaluates interventions intended to improve the health of the public and reduce inequalities in health in the UK. The aim of the research was to establish how projects funded by the PHR Programme between 2009 and 2014 addressed health inequalities. METHODS: A health inequalities intervention framework developed by Bambra et al. was used to map PHR funded studies to a typology...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915235/effect-of-screening-and-advising-on-alcohol-habits-in-sweden-a-repeated-population-survey-following-nationwide-implementation-of-screening-and-brief-intervention
#10
Andreas Lundin, Anna-Karin Danielsson, Mats Hallgren, Margareta Torgén
AIMS: To examine: (a) to what extent individuals in contact with heath care had been asked and advised on their alcohol habits; (b) how self-reports of alcohol consumption and patient characteristics affected the probability of being asked and advised on alcohol consumption; (c) the potential effect of alcohol advice on readiness and ability to change, across levels of high alcohol consumption. METHODS: A repeated cross-sectional public health postal questionnaire in Uppsala County among 18-84 year old, covering a period of a national programme encouraging alcohol screening, brief interventions and motivational interviewing (2004-2012)...
December 3, 2016: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915229/increased-orthogeriatrician-involvement-in-hip-fracture-care-and-its-impact-on-mortality-in-england
#11
Jenny Neuburger, Colin Currie, Robert Wakeman, Antony Johansen, Carmen Tsang, Fay Plant, Helen Wilson, David A Cromwell, Jan van der Meulen, Bianca De Stavola
OBJECTIVES: to describe the increase in orthogeriatrician involvement in hip fracture care in England and its association with improvements in time to surgery and mortality. STUDY DESIGN: analysis of Hospital Episode Statistics for 196,401 patients presenting with hip fracture to 150 hospitals in England between 1 April 2010 and 28 February 2014, combined with data on orthogeriatrician hours from a national organisational survey. METHODS: we examined changes in the average number of hours worked by orthogeriatricians in orthopaedic departments per patient with hip fracture, and their potential effect on mortality within 30 days of presentation...
December 2, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915203/adjuvant-radiation-therapy-and-survival-for-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-the-breast
#12
Jia-Yuan Sun, San-Gang Wu, Shan-Yu Chen, Feng-Yan Li, Huan-Xin Lin, Yong-Xiong Chen, Zhen-Yu He
PURPOSE: The assess the clinical value of different types of surgical procedures and further analyze the effect of adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) for adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the breast. METHODS: Patients with ACC of the breast were identified using a population-based national registration database (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results, SEER). The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression models were performed to determine the impact of the surgical procedures and adjuvant RT associated with cause-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS)...
December 1, 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915182/using-spatial-metrics-and-surveys-for-the-assessment-of-trans-boundary-deforestation-in-protected-areas-of-the-maya-mountain-massif-belize-guatemala-border
#13
S D Chicas, K Omine, J B Ford, K Sugimura, K Yoshida
Understanding the trans-boundary deforestation history and patterns in protected areas along the Belize-Guatemala border is of regional and global importance. To assess deforestation history and patterns in our study area along a section of the Belize-Guatemala border, we incorporated multi-temporal deforestation rate analysis and spatial metrics with survey results. This multi-faceted approach provides spatial analysis with relevant insights from local stakeholders to better understand historic deforestation dynamics, spatial characteristics and human perspectives regarding the underlying causes thereof...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915088/exploring-awareness-and-help-seeking-intentions-for-testicular-symptoms-among-heterosexual-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-ireland-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#14
Mohamad M Saab, Margaret Landers, Josephine Hegarty
BACKGROUND: The incidence of malignant and benign testicular disorders among young men is on the rise. Evidence from three reviews suggest that men's knowledge of these disorders is lacking and their help-seeking intention for testicular symptoms is suboptimal. Qualitative studies have addressed men's awareness of testicular cancer, with none exploring their awareness of non-malignant diseases such as epididymitis, testicular torsion, and varicocele and none including sexual minorities...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915082/the-heart-failure-pandemic-the-clinical-and-economic-burden-in-greece
#15
P Stafylas, D Farmakis, G Kourlaba, G Giamouzis, K Tsarouhas, N Maniadakis, J Parissis
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to identify the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of heart failure (HF) patients in Greece as well as the economic burden and the distribution of costs for the management of the disease. METHODS: Eight Greek secondary and tertiary cardiology centres from different cities have participated in a prospective, observational survey, the ESC HF Pilot Survey. 307 patients with HF, 177 hospitalised and 130 outpatients, have been recruited and monitored for 12months...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915077/how-do-government-regulations-influence-the-ability-to-practice-chinese-herbal-medicine-in-western-countries
#16
Tom Fleischer, Yi-Chang Su, Sunny Jui-Shan Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The regulation policies of substances used in Chinese Herbal Medicine (CHM), have a direct influence on the ability of health providers to practice in the clinic. AIM OF THE STUDY: We set out to assess the truth behind the assumption that practice of CHM in the west is constrained by the regulations imposed by authorities in western countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For the first part of our study we surveyed and compiled lists of banned and restricted Chinese Materia Medica (CMM) from six countries: USA, UK, Germany, Israel, Canada and Australia...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915004/economic-analysis-of-the-nairobi-cancer-registry-implications-for-expanding-and-enhancing-cancer-registration-in-kenya
#17
Anne Korir, Robai Gakunga, Sujha Subramanian, Nathan Okerosi, Gladys Chesumbai, Patrick Edwards, Florence Tangka, Rachael Joseph, Nathan Buziba, Victor Rono, Donald Maxwell Parkin, Mona Saraiya
INTRODUCTION: Cancer registration is an important activity for informing cancer control activities. Cancer registries in Sub-Saharan Africa have limited resources to effectively operate because of competing priorities. To date, there has not been an assessment of the resources and funding needed to perform all the activities essential for cancer registration in Kenya. Evidence will help registries to quantify and advocate for the funds needed to sustain, enhance, and expand high quality cancer registration in Kenya...
November 30, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914974/nonmedical-use-of-prescription-opioids-and-heroin-use-among-adolescents-involved-in-competitive-sports
#18
Philip Veliz, Carol J Boyd, Sean Esteban McCabe
PURPOSE: Examine the past-year prevalence of nonmedical use of prescription opioids (NUPOs), heroin use, and the concurrent NUPO and heroin in a sample of 12th graders involved in 16 different sports. METHODS: A secondary analysis of nationally representative data from nine cohorts (2006-2014) of the Monitoring the Future study (n = 21,557). RESULTS: No differences were found between 12th graders who participated in at least one competitive sport and nonparticipants with respect to past-year NUPO, heroin use, and concurrent NUPO and heroin use...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914972/experience-of-primary-care-services-among-early-adolescents-in-england-and-association-with-health-outcomes
#19
Arrash A Yassaee, Dougal S Hargreaves, Kayleigh Chester, Stephanie Lamb, Ann Hagell, Fiona M Brooks
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate adolescents' (11-15 years) experience of their general practitioner (GP), whether poor reported GP experience was associated with worse physical and mental health measures and whether poor previous GP experience was linked to lower utilization of these services. METHODS: We used logistic regression to analyze data from the 2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. Four aspects of recent care experience were studied: feeling at ease, feeling treated with respect, satisfaction with doctor's explanation, and feeling able to discuss personal matters...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914911/cervical-cancer-brachytherapy-in-canada-a-focus-on-interstitial-brachytherapy-utilization
#20
Amandeep S Taggar, Tien Phan, Laurel Traptow, Robyn Banerjee, Corinne M Doll
PURPOSE: Brachytherapy (BT) techniques for cervical cancer in Canada have changed over the last decade, with evolution to high-dose-rate and image-guided BT. However, there are currently no national data on the use of interstitial BT (IBT). The purpose of this study was to document IBT utilization in Canadian centers, as well as update details of cervical cancer BT practices. METHODS AND MATERIALS: All Canadian centers with gynecologic BT services (n = 33) were identified, and one gynecology radiation oncologist per center was sent a 33-item e-mail questionnaire regarding their center's practice for cervical cancer BT in 2015...
November 30, 2016: Brachytherapy
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