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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088780/national-survey-of-china-s-oncologists-knowledge-attitudes-and-clinical-practice-patterns-on-complementary-and-alternative-medicine
#1
Geliang Yang, Richard Lee, Huiqing Zhang, Wei Gu, Peiying Yang, Changquan Ling
It is common for cancer patients to use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). This study was designed to explore China's oncologists' knowledge, attitudes and clinical practices regarding CAM use by their patients. An online survey was conducted of China's oncologists. Among 11,270 participants who completed the online survey, 6,007 (53.3%) were identified as oncologists. Most were men (75.2%), with a mean age of 33.4 (standard deviation: 6.5) years. The 6,007 oncologists discussed with 36.5% of their patients about CAM...
January 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088777/causes-and-characteristics-of-medical-student-referrals-to-a-professional-behaviour-board
#2
Pieter C Barnhoorn, Jan H Bolk, Marleen W Ottenhoff-de Jonge, Walther N K A van Mook, Arnout Jan de Beaufort
Objectives: To describe the nature of unprofessional behaviour displayed by medical students, as well as the characteristics of students referred to the professional behaviour board. Methods: A descriptive mixed methods approach was taken, in which qualitative data on unprofessional behaviour, as well as quantitative data on the demographics of referred students were collected during the study period between June 1, 2009 and January 1, 2014. In order to compare the referred students with the total student population, data on gender, nationality and phase in the curriculum of the total student population, collected from the student administration desk, were also used...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088773/epidemiology-and-outcome-of-acute-pancreatitis-in-end-stage-renal-disease-dialysis-patients-a-10-year-national-cohort-study
#3
Hung-Jui Chen, Jhi-Joung Wang, Wen-Ing Tsay, Shwu-Huey Her, Cheng-Heng Lin, Chih-Chiang Chien
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to determine the incidence and severity of acute pancreatitis (AP) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on dialysis and whether the dialysis modality [hemodialysis (HD) versus peritoneal dialysis (PD)] confers a higher risk for AP as well as complications or mortality related to AP. METHODS: We analyzed national health insurance claims data of 67 078 ESRD patients initiating dialysis between 1999 and 2007 in Taiwan...
January 14, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088742/patterns-of-drug-use-and-hiv-infection-among-adults-in-a-nationally-representative-sample
#4
Stephanie Shiau, Stephen M Arpadi, Michael T Yin, Silvia S Martins
BACKGROUND: Little is known about drug use patterns among people living with HIV in comparison to an uninfected group in the general population. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between legal and illegal drug use and HIV infection in a nationally representative sample of adults in the United States. METHODS: Public use data files (2005-2014) from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) were used. Respondents were asked whether a medical professional had ever told them that they had HIV/AIDS...
January 7, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088739/the-effects-of-rurality-on-substance-use-disorder-diagnosis-a-multiple-groups-latent-class-analysis
#5
Billy Brooks, Matthew McBee, Robert Pack, Arsham Alamian
BACKGROUND: Rates of accidental overdose mortality from substance use disorder (SUD) have risen dramatically in the United States since 1990. Between 1999 and 2004 alone rates increased 62% nationwide, with rural overdose mortality increasing at a rate 3 times that seen in urban populations. Cultural differences between rural and urban populations (e.g., educational attainment, unemployment rates, social characteristics, etc.) affect the nature of SUD, leading to disparate risk of overdose across these communities...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088725/risk-management-financial-evaluation-and-funding-for-wastewater-and-stormwater-reuse-projects
#6
Casey Furlong, Saman De Silva, Kein Gan, Lachlan Guthrie, Robert Considine
This paper has considered risk management, financial evaluation and funding in seven Australian wastewater and stormwater reuse projects. From the investigated case studies it can be seen that responsible parties have generally been well equipped to identify potential risks. In relation to financial evaluation methods some serious discrepancies, such as time periods for analysis, and how stormwater benefits are valued, have been identified. Most of the projects have required external, often National Government, funding to proceed...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088656/low-dose-aspirin-use-and-survival-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#7
Úna C Mc Menamin, Chris R Cardwell, Carmel M Hughes, Liam J Murray
BACKGROUND: Preclinical evidence from breast cancer cell lines and animal models suggest that aspirin could have anti-cancer properties. In a large breast cancer patient cohort, we investigated whether post-diagnostic low-dose aspirin use was associated with a reduction in the risk of breast cancer-specific mortality. METHODS: We identified 15,140 newly diagnosed breast cancer patients within the Scottish Cancer Registry. Linkages to the Scottish Prescribing Information System provided data on dispensed medications and breast cancer-specific deaths were identified from National Records of Scotland Death Records...
January 12, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088628/methods-needed-to-measure-predictive-accuracy-a-study-of-diabetic-patients
#8
Hafiz M R Khan, Sarah Mende, Aamrin Rafiq, Kemesha Gabbidon, P Hemachandra Reddy
Diabetes is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality and it can result in several complications such as kidney failure, heart failure, stroke, and blindness making it a major medical and public health concern in the United States. Statistical methods are important to detect risk factors and identify the best sampling plan to determine predictive bounds for diabetic patients' data. The main objective of this paper is to identify the best fit bootstrapping sampling method and to draw the predictive bound considering diabetes patient data...
January 11, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088606/choice-of-factor-viii-ix-regimen-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-severe-or-moderately-severe-haemophilia-a-french-national-observational-study-orthem-15-25
#9
Sandrine Meunier, Roseline d'oiron, Hervé Chambost, Edita Dolimier, Benoît Guillet
INTRODUCTION: The value and challenges of long-term prophylaxis (LTP) in adolescents and young adults need further characterisation. AIM: To determine the proportions of adolescents and young adults with severe or moderately severe haemophilia in France under LTP and treatment on demand (OD). METHODS: Patients 15 to 25years old with haemophilia A or B, factor VIII/IX ≤2% and no current inhibitor could be included if they had been under factor VIII/IX treatment at least 12months and kept a treatment and bleeding diary...
December 28, 2016: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088538/perceived-parental-alcohol-problems-and-drinking-patterns-in-youth-a-cross-sectional-study-of-69-030-secondary-education-students-in-denmark
#10
Veronica S C Pisinger, Charlotte A Holst, Pernille Bendtsen, Ulrik Becker, Janne S Tolstrup
The aim of the study was to examine whether young people with parental alcohol problems have different drinking patterns than those without parental alcohol problems. Further, we examined whether the association between parental alcohol problems and young people's drinking patterns differed depending on the gender of the child and the parent, and whether more severe parental alcohol problems and cohabitation with the parent with alcohol problems was associated with earlier and heavier drinking patterns. Data came from the Danish National Youth Study 2014, a web-based national survey...
January 11, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088505/gaps-in-the-public-s-knowledge-about-chronic-pain-representative-sample-of-hispanic-residents-from-five-states
#11
Barbara J Turner, Yuanyuan Liang, Natalia Rodriguez, Melissa A Valerio, Andrea Rochat, Jennifer S Potter, Paula Winkler
: Educating the general public about chronic pain and its care is a national health priority. We evaluated knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs (KAB) of a five-state, population-based sample of Hispanics aged 35-75 without chronic pain, representing over 8.8 million persons. A web-based survey assessed KAB using an adapted version of the Survey of Pain Attitudes-Brief and self-reported knowledge about chronic pain (nothing, a little, a lot). In unweighted analyses of participants (n=346), mean age was 52...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088461/changes-in-the-prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-and-alcoholic-liver-disease-among-patients-with-cirrhosis-or-liver-failure-on-the-waitlist-for-liver-transplantation
#12
David Goldberg, Ivo C Ditah, Kia Saeian, Mona Lalehzari, Andrew Aronsohn, Emmanuel C Gorospe, Michael Charlton
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Concurrent to development of more effective drugs for treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV), infection, there has been an increase in the incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Data indicate that liver transplantation prolongs survival times of patient with acute hepatitis associated with alcoholic liver disease (ALD). We compared data on disease prevalence in the population with data from liver transplantation waitlists to evaluate changes in the burden of liver disease in the United States...
January 11, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088397/antibiotics-in-pregnancy-increase-children-s-risk-of-otitis-media-and-ventilation-tubes
#13
Tine Marie Pedersen, Jakob Stokholm, Jonathan Thorsen, Anna-Rosa Cecilie Mora-Jensen, Hans Bisgaard
OBJECTIVES: To study the association between antibiotic intake in pregnancy and the development of otitis media and placement of ventilation tubes (VTs) in the offspring under the hypothesis that antibiotics in pregnancy may alter the offspring's propensity for disease. STUDY DESIGN: Data from the 700 children in the Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma in Childhood 2010 unselected birth cohort study were used. Information on maternal antibiotic use and other exposures during pregnancy was collected prospectively from interviews and validated in national registries...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088378/antimicrobial-coated-implants-in-trauma-and-orthopaedics-a-clinical-review-and-risk-benefit-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Volker Alt
Implant-associated infections remain a major issue in orthopaedics and antimicrobial functionalization of the implant surface by antibiotics or other anti-infective agents have gained interest. The goal of this article is to identify antimicrobial coatings, for which clinical data are available and to review their clinical need, safety profile, and their efficacy to reduce infection rates. PubMed database of the National Library of Medicine was searched for clinical studies on antimicrobial coated implants for internal fracture fixation devices and endoprostheses for bone surgery, for which study design, level of evidence, biocompatibility, development of resistance, and effectiveness to reduce infection rates were analyzed...
December 21, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088273/a-real-world-impact-of-cost-effectiveness-of-pegylated-interferon-ribavarin-regimens-on-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-in-taiwan
#15
Pei-Chien Tsai, Ta-Wei Liu, Meng-Hsuan Hsieh, Ming-Lun Yeh, Po-Cheng Liang, Yi-Hung Lin, Ching-I Huang, Chung-Feng Huang, Ming-Yen Hsieh, Nai-Jen Hou, Zu-Yau Lin, Shinn-Cherng Chen, Jee-Fu Huang, Chia-Yen Dai, Wan-Long Chuang, Ming-Lung Yu
Treatments with pegylated interferon/ribavirin (PEG-IFN/RBV) has been standard-of-care in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) (CHC) infection and reimbursed in Taiwan. However, the actual cost-effectiveness remains unclear. We aimed to evaluate a real-world cost-effectiveness for CHC patients treated with PEG-IFN/RBV by using a clinical cohort with linkage to the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. The total and itemized medical-care expenses of outpatient visits of 117 treatment-naïve CHC patients with linkage to the two million sampling of the National Health Insurance Research Database were collected...
January 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088259/integration-for-coexistence-implementation-of-intercultural-health-care-policy-in-ghana-from-the-perspective-of-service-users-and-providers
#16
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Adjoa Afriyie Poku, Simon Boateng, Padmore Adusei Amoah, Alhassan Abdul Mumin, Jacob Obodai, Williams Agyemang-Duah
OBJECTIVE: In spite of the World Health Organization's recommendations over the past decades, Ghana features pluralistic rather than truly integrated medical system. Policies about the integration of complementary medicine into the national health care delivery system need to account for individual-level involvement and cultural acceptability of care rendered by health care providers. Studies in Ghana, however, have glossed over the standpoint of the persons of the illness episode about the intercultural health care policy framework...
January 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088258/comparing-outcomes-from-the-two-most-recognized-acupuncturist-workforce-surveys
#17
Steven H Stumpf, Kory Ward-Cook, Clifford R Carr
OBJECTIVE: To determine the informational consistency produced by the two most recent independent surveys and draw a conclusion whether the data would be sufficient for the National Center for Health Workforce Analysis and Bureau of Labor and Statistics consideration. METHODS: This paper compares workforce outcomes collected by the two most prominent acupuncture entities that have produced the most useful acupuncturist workforce data (California Acupuncture Board 2015 Occupational Analysis and the National Certification Commission of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine® 2013 Job Analysis) at national and state levels...
January 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088246/budget-impact-analysis-of-vaccination-against-haemophilus-influenzae-type-b-as-a-part-of-a-pentavalent-vaccine-in-the-childhood-immunization-schedule-of-iran
#18
Fatemeh Teimouri, Abbas Kebriaeezadeh, Seyed Mohsen Zahraei, MohammadMahdi Gheiratian, Shekoufeh Nikfar
BACKGROUND: Health decision makers need to know the impact of the development of a new intervention on the public health and health care costs so that they can plan for economic and financial objectives. The aim of this study was to determine the budget impact of adding Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) as a part of a Pentavalent vaccine (Hib-HBV-DTP) to the national childhood immunization schedule of Iran. METHODS: An excel-based model was developed to determine the costs of including the Pentavalent vaccine in the national immunization program (NIP), comparing the present schedule with the previous one (including separate DTP and hepatitis B vaccines)...
January 14, 2017: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088242/differences-in-spatial-distributions-of-iron-supplementation-use-among-pregnant-women-and-associated-factors-in-ethiopia-evidence-from-the-2011-national-population-based-survey
#19
Demewoz Haile, Lianna Tabar, Yihunie Lakew
BACKGROUND: Iron supplementation during pregnancy prevents against low birth weight, incidence of prematurity and postpartum hemorrhage. However, the coverage of iron supplementation is still low in Ethiopia. This study aimed to investigate the spatial variations and associated factors of iron supplementation during pregnancy using the 2011 national demographic and health survey data. METHODS: This study used secondary data from the 2011 Ethiopian demographic and health survey...
January 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088239/towards-interruption-of-schistosomiasis-transmission-in-sub-saharan-africa-developing-an-appropriate-environmental-surveillance-framework-to-guide-and-to-support-end-game-interventions
#20
REVIEW
J Russell Stothard, Suzy J Campbell, Mike Y Osei-Atweneboana, Timothy Durant, Michelle C Stanton, Nana-Kwadwo Biritwum, David Rollinson, Dieudonné R Eloundou Ombede, Louis-Albert Tchuem-Tchuenté
Schistosomiasis is a waterborne parasitic disease in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly common in rural populations living in impoverished conditions. With the scale-up of preventive chemotherapy, national campaigns will transition from morbidity- to transmission-focused interventions thus formal investigation of actual or expected declines in environmental transmission is needed as 'end game' scenarios arise. Surprisingly, there are no international or national guidelines to do so in sub-Saharan Africa. Our article therefore provides an introduction to key practicalities and pitfalls in the development of an appropriate environmental surveillance framework...
January 14, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
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