keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Awakening

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926761/the-cortisol-awakening-response-and-anterior-cingulate-cortex-function-in-maltreated-depressed-versus-non-maltreated-depressed-youth
#1
Karina Quevedo, Jennifer Doty, Leslie Roos, Justin J Anker
Symptomatology of depression among children who have (vs. have not) experienced maltreatment is greater in severity, more resistant to conventional treatment, and associated with elevated risk for suicide. Recent evidence implicates perturbations in stress regulatory systems and heightened negative self-appraisals as factors that increase the severity of psychopathology experienced by depressed maltreated (vs. non-maltreated) youth. Likely explanatory mechanisms for these differences are disturbances in the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis (HPA) and persistent negative self-referential biases supported by prefrontal cortex function including the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC)...
September 5, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924439/corneal-neovascularization-with-associated-lipid-keratopathy-in-a-patient-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-using-a-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-machine
#2
Konstantinos Oikonomakis, Myrsini Petrelli, Konstantinos Andreanos, Andreas Mouchtouris, Petros Petrou, Ilias Georgalas, Dimitrios Papaconstantinou, George Kymionis
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of corneal neovascularization with secondary lipid keratopathy in a patient treated with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). CASE REPORT: A 49-year-old male had been diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome 10 years ago and has been treated with the application of a CPAP machine during night sleep ever since. For the past year, the patient had been complaining for ocular irritation and excessive tearing of the left eye on awakening...
May 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923240/national-survey-on-perioperative-anaesthetic-management-in-the-endovascular-treatment-of-acute-ischaemic-stroke
#3
O Romero Kräuchi, L Valencia, F Iturri, A Mariscal Ortega, A López Gómez, R Valero
OBJECTIVE: To assess the anaesthetic management of treatment for endovascular acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) in Spain. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A survey was designed by the SEDAR Neuroscience Section and sent to the Spanish anaesthesiology departments with a primary stroke centre between July and November 2016. RESULTS: Of the 47 hospitals where endovascular treatment of AIS is performed, 37 anaesthesiology departments participated. Thirty responses were obtained; three of which were eliminated due to duplication (response rate of 72...
September 15, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917155/crossing-the-gender-boundaries-the-gender-experiences-of-male-nursing-students-in-initial-nursing-clinical-practice-in-taiwan
#4
Hsing-Yuan Liu, Yun Ling Li
BACKGROUND: The initial nursing clinical practice is the necessary practicum required for nursing students. Because of the changing learning style, many of them are under great pressure for environmental change and therefore their daily routine is severe affected. Interacting directly with patients in a female-dominated occupation, along with the general gender stereotypes, the impact is especially significant to male nursing students than to female nursing students. PURPOSE: The purpose of this preliminary qualitative study is to explore the gendered experiences of male nursing students during their first initial nursing clinical practice...
September 1, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916501/awakenings-in-rats-by-ultrasounds-a-new-animal-model-for-paradoxical-kinesia
#5
Luan Castro Tonelli, Markus Wöhr, Rainer Schwarting, Liana Melo-Thomas
Paradoxical kinesia refers to a sudden transient ability of akinetic patients to perform motor tasks they are otherwise unable to perform. The mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are unknown due a paucity of valid animal models that faithfully reproduce paradoxical kinesia. Here, in a first experiment, we present a new method to study paradoxical kinesia by "awakening" cataleptic rats through presenting appetitive 50-kHz ultrasonic vocalizations (USV), which are typical for social situations with positive valence, like juvenile play or sexual encounters ("rat laughter")...
September 12, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913495/improvement-of-recovery-parameters-using-patient-controlled-epidural-analgesia-after-oncological-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-single-center-study
#6
Armeana Olimpia Zgâia, Cosmin Ioan Lisencu, Alexandru Rogobete, Cătălin Vlad, Patriciu Achimaş-Cadariu, Gabriel Lazăr, Maximilian Muntean, Florin Ignat, Vlad Ormindean, Alexandru Irimie
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) versus conventional opioid intravenous (IV) infusion after gastrointestinal cancer surgery regarding several post-surgery parameters of recovery. METHODS: One hundred and one patients were prospectively randomized to receive either thoracic/lumbar PCEA (PCEA group) or the standard analgesia technique used in our hospital, conventional IV infusion of morphine (IVMO group) after gastrointestinal cancer surgery...
April 2017: Rom J Anaesth Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913483/the-prevalence-of-perioperative-complications-in-patients-with-and-without-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Tatiana Ambrosii, Serghei Şandru, Adrian Belîi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) have a high risk of postoperative complications. The purpose of the study was to record the spectrum and frequency of postoperative complications in patients with OSA versus (vs.) without OSA depending on the type of surgery and type of anaesthesia in a large cohort of patients. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, descriptive study (n = 400). Ethics Committee approval was obtained and written informed consent was signed...
October 2016: Rom J Anaesth Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912971/sleep-parameters-in-short-daily-versus-conventional-dialysis-an-actigraphic-study
#8
Ludimila D'Avila E Silva Allemand, Otávio Toledo Nóbrega, Juliane Pena Lauar, Joel Paulo Russomano Veiga, Einstein Francisco Camargos
Previous studies have observed worse sleep quality in patients undergoing conventional dialysis as compared to daily dialysis. Our aim was to compare the sleep parameters of patients undergoing daily or conventional dialysis using an objective measure (actigraphy). This cross-sectional study was performed in three dialysis centers, including a convenience sample (nonprobability sampling) of 73 patients (36 patients on daily hemodialysis and 37 patients on conventional hemodialysis). The following parameters were evaluated: nocturnal total sleep time (NTST), expressed in minutes; wake time after sleep onset (WASO), expressed in minutes; number of nighttime awakenings; daytime total sleep time (DTST), expressed in minutes; number of daytime naps; and nighttime percentage of sleep (% sleep)...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912855/effect-of-transoral-endoscopic-adenoidectomy-on-peripheral-blood-t-lymphocyte-subsets-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-and-its-treatment-strategy
#9
Na Yang, Yaofeng Ji, Yin Liu
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of transoral endoscopic adenoidectomy on peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets in pediatric patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and its treatment strategy. Ninety-eight pediatric patients with adenoidal hypertrophy associated with OSAHS admitted to the Department of Otolaryngology, Xuzhou Children's Hospital were selected. After admission, patients received perfected 24 h polysomnogram monitoring, routine blood examination, fasting blood biochemistry examination, T-lymphocyte subset count, 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, and nasopharyngeal computed tomography...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911851/cortisol-awakening-response-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-during-acute-episodes-and-partial-remission-a-pilot-study
#10
Ming-Chyi Huang, Shan-Chi Chuang, Mei-Chih Meg Tseng, Yi-Ling Chien, Shih-Cheng Liao, Hsi-Chung Chen, Po-Hsiu Kuo
This exploratory study examined the cortisol awakening response (CAR) in patients with bipolar disorder (BPD) at acute phases and partial remission of manic or depressive episodes. Saliva samples of twenty-seven BPD inpatients and 25 healthy controls were collected to determine the CAR patterns, and 12 patients were sampled again at partial remission. BPD patients exhibited a non-enhanced CAR pattern. Lower cortisol expression and a blunted CAR distinguished bipolar-depressive patients from the controls. The intra-individual follow-up for both patient groups revealed a non-significant improvement in CAR patterns, indicating a trend of a normalized CAR after partial remission for BPD patients...
September 1, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900072/no-awakening-in-supratentorial-intracerebral-hemorrhage-is-potentially-caused-by-sepsis-associated-encephalopathy
#11
Dao-Ming Tong, Ye-Ting Zhou
BACKGROUND Acute supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) with secondary sepsis is increasing in frequency. We investigated whether no awakening (NA) after sICH with coma is potentially caused by sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE). MATERIAL AND METHODS A case-control study of 147 recruited sICH cases with NA and 198 sICH controls with subsequent awakening (SA) was performed at 2 centers in China. All patients underwent brain computed tomography (CT) scans on admission. The odds ratio (OR) of NA was calculated using logistic regression...
September 13, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899545/a-different-rhythm-of-life-sleep-patterns-in-the-first-4-years-of-life-and-associated-sociodemographic-characteristics-in-a-large-brazilian-birth-cohort
#12
Elena Netsi, Ina S Santos, Alan Stein, Fernando C Barros, Aluísio J D Barros, Alicia Matijasevich
OBJECTIVE: Sleep is an important marker of healthy development and has been associated with emotional, behavioral, and cognitive development. There is limited longitudinal data on children's sleep with only a few reports from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We investigate sleep parameters and associated sociodemographic characteristics in a population-based longitudinal study in Pelotas, Brazil. METHODS: Data from the Pelotas 2004 Birth Cohort were used (N = 3842)...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899538/relationship-between-stress-coping-and-sleep-disorders-among-the-general-japanese-population-a-nationwide-representative-survey
#13
Yuichiro Otsuka, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Osamu Itani, Sachi Nakagome, Maki Jike, Takashi Ohida
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the prevalence of stress, and examine the relationship between sleep disorders and stress coping strategies among highly stressed individuals in the general Japanese population. METHODS: A cross-sectional nationwide survey was undertaken in November 2007. Men and women were randomly selected from 300 districts throughout Japan. Data from 7671 (3532 men (average age 53.5 ± 17.0 years) and 4139 women (average age 53.9 ± 17.7 years)) were analyzed...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899535/efficacy-and-safety-of-acupuncture-treatment-on-primary-insomnia-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Xuan Yin, Minghui Gou, Jian Xu, Bo Dong, Ping Yin, Fernand Masquelin, Junyi Wu, Lixing Lao, Shifen Xu
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture treatment for primary insomnia. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, single-blinded, and randomized controlled clinical trial. Seventy-two patients with primary insomnia were randomly assigned into two groups - the acupuncture group, who received acupuncture treatment, and the control group, who received sham acupuncture treatment. The treatment was given three times a week for four weeks...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895838/why-a-strong-consumer-centered-strategy-will-never-go-out-of-style
#15
Zachary Hafner
The awakening of the health care consumer is powerfully good news for the mission of providers and payers. In other industries, the same forces have led to innovation, cost reduction, and heightened value. We should expect health care to be no different.
July 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892101/zero-power-infrared-digitizers-based-on-plasmonically-enhanced-micromechanical-photoswitches
#16
Zhenyun Qian, Sungho Kang, Vageeswar Rajaram, Cristian Cassella, Nicol E McGruer, Matteo Rinaldi
State-of-the-art sensors use active electronics to detect and discriminate light, sound, vibration and other signals. They consume power constantly, even when there is no relevant data to be detected, which limits their lifetime and results in high costs of deployment and maintenance for unattended sensor networks. Here we propose a device concept that fundamentally breaks this paradigm-the sensors remain dormant with near-zero power consumption until awakened by a specific physical signature associated with an event of interest...
September 11, 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890019/allergic-sensitization-and-objective-measures-of-sleep-in-urban-school-aged-children-with-asthma
#17
Cynthia A Esteban, Robin S Everhart, Sheryl J Kopel, Robert B Klein, Daphne Koinis-Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Allergic sensitization is associated with increased child asthma morbidity and decreased pulmonary function. Nocturnal symptoms and/or awakenings typically are measured by self-report from diary data, whereas objective assessments of sleep in child asthma studies are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between increased allergic sensitization (number of positive allergy test results measured by skin prick test or specific immunoglobulin E) and sleep outcomes (sleep efficiency, sleep duration, and mean number of awakenings measured by actigraphy) in urban schoolchildren with persistent asthma...
September 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888057/glucocorticoid-treatment-earlier-in-childhood-and-adolescence-show-dose-response-associations-with-diurnal-cortisol-levels
#18
Martin Vestergaard, Sara K Holm, Peter Uldall, Hartwig R Siebner, Olaf B Paulson, William F C Baaré, Kathrine S Madsen
Heightened levels of glucocorticoids in children and adolescents have previously been linked to prolonged changes in the diurnal regulation of the stress-hormone cortisol, a glucocorticoid regulated by the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis (HPA-axis). To address this question, we examined the salivary cortisol awakening response (CAR) and daily cortisol output in 36 children and adolescents (25 girls/11 boys) aged 7-16 years previously treated with glucocorticoids for nephrotic syndrome or rheumatic disorder and 36 healthy controls...
September 9, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886460/diurnal-salivary-cortisol-and-nativity-duration-of-residence-in-latinos-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#19
Nicole L Novak, Xu Wang, Philippa J Clarke, Anjum Hajat, Belinda L Needham, Brisa N Sánchez, Carlos J Rodriguez, Teresa E Seeman, Cecilia Castro-Diehl, Sherita Hill Golden, Ana V Diez Roux
Latino immigrants have lower prevalence of depression, obesity and cardiovascular disease than US-born Latinos when they are recently arrived in the US, but this health advantage erodes with increasing duration of US residence. Cumulative exposure to psychosocial stress and its physiological sequelae may mediate the relationship between nativity and duration of US residence and poor health. We used data from Latino cohort study participants ages 45-84 to examine cross-sectional (n=558) and longitudinal (n=248) associations between nativity and duration of US residence and features of the diurnal cortisol curve including: wake-up cortisol, cortisol awakening response (CAR, wake-up to 30min post-awakening), early decline (30min to 2h post-awakening) and late decline (2h post-awakening to bed time), wake-to-bed slope, and area under the curve (AUC)...
August 18, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886339/longitudinal-study-of-insomnia-symptoms-among-women-during-perimenopause
#20
Colleen Ciano, Tonya S King, Robin Redmon Wright, Michael Perlis, Amy M Sawyer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of insomnia symptoms among women during perimenopause and to examine differences in self-reported insomnia symptoms at different stages of perimenopause over 10 years. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of self-reported sleep symptoms and clinical variables using 10 years of publicly available data from the Study of Women Across the Nation (SWAN). SETTING: The data set of women's insomnia symptoms was obtained from publicly available data from the SWAN...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
keyword
keyword
11378
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"