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Awakening

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747136/the-relationship-between-apolipoprotein-%C3%AE%C2%B54-carrier-status-and-sleep-characteristics-in-cognitively-normal-older-adults
#1
Melike Kahya, Eric Vidoni, Jeffrey M Burns, Ashley N Thompson, Kayla Meyer, Catherine F Siengsukon
The apolipoprotein (APOE) ε4 allele, a well-described genetic risk factor for late-onset Alzheimer disease (AD), is associated with sleep disturbances even in cognitively normal older adults, although it is not clear whether this association is independent of sleep apnea. We sought to extend previous studies by examining whether cognitively normal older adults without self-reported sleep apnea who carry the APOE ε4 allele have altered sleep characteristics compared to noncarriers. Data from N = 36 (APOE ε4 carriers [n = 9], noncarriers [n = 27]) cognitively normal older adults (Clinical Dementia Rating [CDR] scale = 0) without self-reported sleep apnea were used for these analyses...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739616/awakening-with-amantadine-from-a-persistent-vegetative-state-after-subarachnoid-haemorrhage
#2
Sophie Mirabell Lehnerer, Franziska Scheibe, Ralph Buchert, Stefan Kliesch, Andreas Meisel
We report the case of a 36-year-old woman with a subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) caused by a rupture of a right-sided middle cerebral artery aneurysm and subsequent malignant infarction of the right hemisphere leading to a persistent vegetative state and severe spastic tetraparesis with recurrent myocloni. Nine months after disease onset, the patient was transferred to our department for diagnostic and therapeutic re-evaluation. The poor clinical condition could not be explained by the brain lesion caused by the SAH or infarction...
July 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738312/habitual-sleep-quality-and-diurnal-rhythms-of-salivary-cortisol-and-dehydroepiandrosterone-in-postmenopausal-women
#3
Tianyi Huang, Elizabeth M Poole, Celine Vetter, Kathryn M Rexrode, Laura D Kubzansky, Eva Schernhammer, Nicolas Rohleder, Frank B Hu, Susan Redline, Shelley S Tworoger
Dysregulation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been suggested as a potential mechanism linking sleep and cardiometabolic disorders. However, the associations of two primary outputs of the HPA axis, cortisol and its antagonist dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), with sleep are less well studied. In the Nurses' Health Study II, 233 postmenopausal women provided five timed saliva samples over one day (immediately upon waking, 45min, 4h, and 10h after waking, and prior to going to sleep) to measure cortisol and DHEA...
July 19, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735927/predictors-of-sleep-disturbances-in-the-first-year-of-life-a-longitudinal-study
#4
Stefania Sette, Emma Baumgartner, Raffaele Ferri, Oliviero Bruni
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify early predictors of nocturnal awakenings and short sleep duration during the first year of life, in terms of sleep habits and patterns. We also analyzed the trend of nocturnal awakenings and total sleep duration from 3 to 12 months of age. METHODS: The parents of 704 infants (49.3% female) were interviewed during their first year of life. The interview included questions on infant sleep (eg, sleep habits, sleep duration, number of nocturnal awakenings) and maternal perception of infant sleep difficulties...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735914/companion-of-oral-movements-with-limb-movements-in-patients-with-sleep-bruxism-preliminary-findings
#5
Yangping Zhang, Junlan Lu, Zilong Wang, Zhijun Zhong, Miao Xu, Xueliang Zou, Bin Yu, Dongyuan Yao
BACKGROUND: Sleep bruxism (SB) patients show a higher incidence of leg movements than normal subjects. STUDY OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to characterize SB episodes and their relationships with limb movements (LMs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Polysomnographic (PSG) recordings were performed on eight SB patients. The intervals between the onsets of adjacent SB episodes and LMs were determined and linear correlation analyses were used to estimate the relationship between the SB index and SB episodes in clusters...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735557/long-term-effects-of-prematurity-cumulative-medical-risk-and-proximal-and-distal-social-forces-on-individual-differences-in-diurnal-cortisol-at-young-adulthood
#6
Suzy B Winchester, Mary C Sullivan, Mary B Roberts, Crystal I Bryce, Douglas A Granger
This study examined the effects of prematurity, cumulative medical risk, and proximal and distal social forces on individual differences in the activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in young adulthood. A prospective sample of 149 infants born healthy preterm (PT; n = 22), sick PT ( n = 93, medical illness, neurological illness, small for gestational age), and full term ( n = 34) was recruited from a Level III neonatal intensive care unit in southern New England between 1985 and 1989 and followed to age 23 years...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732265/chronic-work-stress-and-decreased-vagal-tone-impairs-decision-making-and-reaction-time-in-jockeys
#7
Kathleen Landolt, Paul Maruff, Ben Horan, Michael Kingsley, Glynda Kinsella, Paul D O'Halloran, Matthew W Hale, Bradley J Wright
The inverse relationship between acute stress and decision-making is well documented, but few studies have investigated the impact of chronic stress. Jockeys work exhaustive schedules and have extremely dangerous occupations, with safe performance requiring quick reaction time and accurate decision-making. We used the effort reward imbalance (ERI) occupational stress model to assess the relationship of work stress with indices of stress physiology and decision-making and reaction time. Jockeys (N=32) completed computerised cognitive tasks (Cogstate) on two occasions; September and November (naturally occurring lower and higher stress periods), either side of an acute stress test...
July 14, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731983/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effort-reward-imbalance-model-of-workplace-stress-and-hpa-axis-measures-of-stress
#8
Pennie Eddy, Eleanor H Wertheim, Matthew W Hale, Bradley J Wright
OBJECTIVE: The association between effort reward imbalance (ERI) and various health outcomes has been well-documented over the past 20 years, but the mechanisms responsible for this association remain unclear. The present meta-analysis assessed the associations of ERI and over-commitment (OC) in the workplace with hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis measures. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched with the phrase 'effort*reward*imbalance' which yielded 319 studies leading to 56 full text studies being screened...
July 20, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731591/a-sedation-protocol-with-fasting-and-shorter-sleep-leads-to-mri-success
#9
Takahisa Kimiya, Shinichiro Sekiguchi, Tatsuhiko Yagihashi, Mie Arai, Hirotaka Takahashi, Takao Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Young children undergoing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) require sedation. In June 2013, Tokyo Metropolitan Ohtsuka Hospital (TMOH) introduced an oral sedation protocol for young children undergoing MRI; the protocol included instructions on fasting before sedation, and recommended a shorter duration of sleep the night before MRI. We compared the MRI success rate before and after the introduction of this protocol. METHODS: The eligible subjects were children under 3 years old who underwent MRI by appointment at TMOH between October 2012 and March 2014, under sedation with triclofos sodium...
July 21, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728619/restless-genital-syndrome-differential-diagnosis-and-treatment-with-pramipexole
#10
Emilia Sforza, David Hupin, Frédéric Roche
Restless genital syndrome refers to excessive and persistent sensations of genital and clitoral arousal with the absence of conscious feeling of sexual desire. These sensations have been linked to symptoms of restless legs syndrome (RLS) or an overactive bladder. Restless genital syndrome may be related to small fiber sensory neuropathy of the dorsal nerve of the clitoris, so it more frequently occurs in women. The association with RLS suggests a possible dopaminergic mechanism. We report a case of a 74-year-old woman who presented restless genital symptoms every night in association with RLS symptoms...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725087/psychosynthesis-a-foundational-bridge-between-psychology-and-spirituality
#11
Catherine Ann Lombard
Pastoral psychologists have long tried to establish a working model that encompasses the seemingly conflicting disciplines of science and religion. Psychosynthesis, a transpersonal psychology and therapeutic approach, offers such a model of the human personality, in which the psychological and spiritual perspectives can converge. This article explores psychosynthesis psychology and therapy as a theoretical framework for pastoral psychology. Although psychosynthesis psychotherapy relies on an array of techniques, it fundamentally works with the clients' will while emphasizing, exploring, and cultivating their relationships on all levels-intrapersonal, interpersonal, and with the Higher Self...
2017: Pastoral Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719250/sleeping-beauty-awakens-new-interest
#12
Terence R Flotte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716098/awakening-sleeping-beauty-production-of-propionic-acid-in-escherichia-coli-through-the-sbm-operon-requires-the-activity-of-a-methylmalonyl-coa-epimerase
#13
Ricardo Axayacatl Gonzalez-Garcia, Tim McCubbin, Annalena Wille, Manuel Plan, Lars Keld Nielsen, Esteban Marcellin
BACKGROUND: Propionic acid is used primarily as a food preservative with smaller applications as a chemical building block for the production of many products including fabrics, cosmetics, drugs, and plastics. Biological production using propionibacteria would be competitive against chemical production through hydrocarboxylation of ethylene if native producers could be engineered to reach near-theoretical yield and good productivity. Unfortunately, engineering propionibacteria has proven very challenging...
July 17, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715599/dreamlike-events-are-correlated-with-the-length-of-sleep-mentation-reports
#14
N Rosenlicht, C Primich, J R McQuaid, T Maloney, I Feinberg
We investigated the relationship between length and dreamlike quality in sleep mentation reports. Reports were obtained by waking subjects at sleep onset (SO) and at 5 and 10 minutes into the second (REMP2) and fourth REM periods (REMP4). Reports were recorded, transcribed, and scored blindly for total word count (TWC) and dreamlike quality as measured by a composite dream scale score (CDS). Dreamlike quality was strongly correlated with TWC; both CDS and TWC scores increased across successively later awakenings...
July 1, 2017: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713043/auditory-discrimination-improvement-predicts-awakening-of-postanoxic-comatose-patients-treated-with-targeted-temperature-management-at-36%C3%A2-c
#15
Christian Pfeiffer, Nathalie Ata Nguepno Nguissi, Magali Chytiris, Phanie Bidlingmeyer, Matthias Haenggi, Rebekka Kurmann, Frédéric Zubler, Mauro Oddo, Andrea O Rossetti, Marzia De Lucia
BACKGROUND: Outcome prognostication in postanoxic comatose patients is more accurate in predicting poor than good recovery. Using electroencephalography recordings in patients treated with targeted temperature management at 33°C (TTM 33), we have previously shown that improvement in auditory discrimination over the first days of coma predicted awakening. Given the increased application of a 36°C temperature target (TTM 36), here we aimed at validating the predictive value of auditory discrimination in the TTM 36 setting...
July 13, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712418/the-cross-sectional-relation-between-medically-unexplained-physical-symptoms-mups-and-the-cortisol-awakening-response
#16
Nikki Claassen-van Dessel, Johannes C van der Wouden, Joost Dekker, Judith G M Rosmalen, Henriëtte E van der Horst
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the cross-sectional relation between levels of cortisol and specific symptom clusters, symptom severity and duration of symptoms in patients with medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS). METHODS: Baseline data of a cohort of MUPS patients were used. We chose the Cortisol Awakening Response (CAR) as a cortisol parameter, using saliva samples. We used confirmatory factor analysis for the identification of 4 specific symptom clusters: (1) gastro-intestinal symptoms; (2) pain; (3) cardio-pulmonary symptoms; and (4) fatigue...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701566/chronotype-variation-drives-night-time-sentinel-like-behaviour-in-hunter-gatherers
#17
David R Samson, Alyssa N Crittenden, Ibrahim A Mabulla, Audax Z P Mabulla, Charles L Nunn
Sleep is essential for survival, yet it also represents a time of extreme vulnerability to predation, hostile conspecifics and environmental dangers. To reduce the risks of sleeping, the sentinel hypothesis proposes that group-living animals share the task of vigilance during sleep, with some individuals sleeping while others are awake. To investigate sentinel-like behaviour in sleeping humans, we investigated activity patterns at night among Hadza hunter-gatherers of Tanzania. Using actigraphy, we discovered that all subjects were simultaneously scored as asleep for only 18 min in total over 20 days of observation, with a median of eight individuals awake throughout the night-time period; thus, one or more individuals was awake (or in light stages of sleep) during 99...
July 12, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700470/salivary-alpha-amylase-salivary-cortisol-and-anxiety-during-a-youth-taekwondo-championship-an-observational-study
#18
Laura Capranica, Giancarlo Condello, Francesco Tornello, Teresa Iona, Salvatore Chiodo, Anna Valenzano, Mario De Rosas, Giovanni Messina, Antonio Tessitore, Giuseppe Cibelli
The aim of this study was to assess the stress-related responses and the coach's capability to match perceived efforts of youth athletes during a taekwondo championship.Using a cross-sectional study design, salivary cortisol (sC) and alpha-amylase (sAA) were measured in 6 males and 3 females young (11.0 ± 0.9 years) athletes at awakening, 5 minutes before, and 1 minute and 30 minutes after official combats. State anxiety was recorded 60 minutes before the first competition, whereas coach's and athletes' ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were obtained at the end of the combats...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698925/prolonged-perceived-stress-and-saliva-cortisol-in-a-large-cohort-of-danish-public-service-employees-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-associations
#19
Sigurd Mikkelsen, Julie Lyng Forman, Samuel Fink, Marianne Agergaard Vammen, Jane Frølund Thomsen, Matias Brødsgaard Grynderup, Åse Marie Hansen, Linda Kaerlev, Henrik Albert Kolstad, Reiner Rugulies, Jens Peter Bonde
PURPOSE: It is well known that acute stress can lead to a transient increase in cortisol secretion, but the effects of prolonged stress on cortisol secretion are uncertain. This study examines the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between prolonged perceived stress and salivary cortisol. METHODS: In 2007, 4467 Danish public service employees participated in a study of stress and mental health, and 3217 participated in a follow-up in 2009. Perceived stress during the past 4 weeks was assessed by Cohen's four item perceived stress scale...
July 11, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694775/yoga-meditation-and-mind-body-health-increased-bdnf-cortisol-awakening-response-and-altered-inflammatory-marker-expression-after-a-3-month-yoga-and-meditation-retreat
#20
B Rael Cahn, Matthew S Goodman, Christine T Peterson, Raj Maturi, Paul J Mills
Thirty-eight individuals (mean age: 34.8 years old) participating in a 3-month yoga and meditation retreat were assessed before and after the intervention for psychometric measures, brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), circadian salivary cortisol levels, and pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Participation in the retreat was found to be associated with decreases in self-reported anxiety and depression as well as increases in mindfulness. As hypothesized, increases in the plasma levels of BDNF and increases in the magnitude of the cortisol awakening response (CAR) were also observed...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
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