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Awakening

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527300/feasibility-of-a-relaxation-guided-imagery-intervention-to-reduce-maternal-stress-in-the-nicu
#1
Lois C Howland, Nancy Jallo, Cynthia D Connelly, Rita H Pickler
OBJECTIVE: To test the feasibility of a relaxation guided imagery (RGI) intervention for mothers of hospitalized preterm infants and to explore the biobehavioral effects of RGI on their distress, responsiveness, and physiological stress. DESIGN: Single sample, pretest-posttest design. SETTING: A large Level III NICU in Southern California. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty mothers of hospitalized preterm infants (24-32 weeks gestational age)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526254/associations-between-midlife-insomnia-symptoms-and-earlier-retirement
#2
Lauren Hale, Lee Singer, Jodi H Barnet, Paul E Peppard, Erika W Hagen
BACKGROUND: Insomnia symptoms are prevalent and associated with impaired health and well-being. However, scant research has investigated whether midlife insomnia symptoms are also associated with earlier retirement, thereby contributing to additional economic consequences. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from a community-based sample of 1635 Wisconsin State employees (51.6% women) that were collected from 1988 until 2014. Study participants were asked about insomnia symptoms (difficulty getting to sleep, difficulty getting back to sleep, repeated nocturnal awakenings, and early morning awakenings) in midlife, with prospective follow-up questions about the specific reasons for retirement between 2010 and 2014...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526253/racial-ethnic-differences-in-sleep-quality-among-older-adults-with-osteoarthritis
#3
Patricia A Parmelee, Brian S Cox, Jason A DeCaro, Francis J Keefe, Dylan M Smith
OBJECTIVE: To examine racial/ethnic differences in sleep quality and the pain-sleep association among older adults with osteoarthritis of the knee. DESIGN: Baseline interview followed by a 7-day microlongitudinal study using accelerometry and self-reports. SETTING: Participants were community residents in western Alabama and Long Island, NY. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-six African Americans (AAs) and 128 non-Hispanic whites (NHWs) with physician-diagnosed knee osteoarthritis, recruited from a variety of clinical and community settings...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525646/sleep-during-menopausal-transition-a-six-year-follow-up
#4
Laura Lampio, Päivi Polo-Kantola, Sari-Leena Himanen, Samu Kurki, Eero Huupponen, Janne Engblom, Olli J Heinonen, Olli Polo, Tarja Saaresranta
Study Objectives: Menopausal transition is associated with increased dissatisfaction with sleep, but the effects on sleep architecture are conflicting. This prospective six-year follow-up study was designed to evaluate the changes in sleep stages and sleep continuity that occur in women during menopausal transition. Methods: Sixty women (mean age 46.0 years, SD 0.9) participated. All women were premenopausal at baseline, and at the six-year follow-up, women were in different stages of menopausal transition...
May 19, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525443/screen-hours-and-sleep-symptoms-the-us-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#5
OʼDene Lewis, Yewande Odeyemi, Vladimir Joseph, Alem Mehari, Richard F Gillum
Few studies have examined the relationship between television viewing, computer use, and sleep symptoms. We hypothesized that television and computer time was associated with sleep symptoms. Screen hours were the sum of daily TV hours and computer hours. A total of 4342 participants 20 years and older had data on screen hours. After adjusting for confounders, 4 or more screen hours were significantly associated with increased odds of reporting long sleep latency, nighttime awakening, high sleep hours, and snoring (P < ...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522092/effects-of-acute-morning-and-evening-exercise-on-subjective-and%C3%A2-objective-sleep-quality-in-older-individuals-with-insomnia
#6
Yuko Morita, Taeko Sasai-Sakuma, Yuichi Inoue
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to compare the effects of acute morning or evening exercise on nocturnal sleep in individuals with two subjective insomnia symptoms: difficulty in initiating sleep (DIS), and early morning awakening (EMA), separately for the first vs the second halves of the night. METHODS: Older individuals (55-65 years old) with DIS (N = 15) or EMA (N = 15) and age- and sex-matched controls (N = 13) participated in this non-randomized crossover study...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515519/desflurane-for-ambulatory-anaesthesia-a-comparison-with-sevoflurane-for-recovery-profile-and-airway-responses
#7
Kajal Sachin Dalal, Meghana Vijay Choudhary, Adit Jagdish Palsania, Pratibha Vinayak Toal
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Desflurane and sevoflurane have low blood gas solubility co-efficients, allowing a rapid awakening from anaesthesia. However, desfluraneis pungent and may cause airway irritability. We compared desflurane and sevoflurane with respect to recovery and occurrence of adverse airway responses in spontaneously breathing patients while using the ProSeal™ laryngeal mask airway (LMA). METHODS: Ninety-four adult patients undergoing hysteroscopic procedures were divided into sevoflurane (S) group or desflurane (D) group...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513054/is-there-a-common-motor-dysregulation-in-sleepwalking-and-rem-sleep-behaviour-disorder
#8
Mehdi Haridi, Sebastian Weyn Banningh, Marion Clé, Smaranda Leu-Semenescu, Marie Vidailhet, Isabelle Arnulf
This study sought to determine if there is any overlap between the two major non-rapid eye movement and rapid eye movement parasomnias, i.e. sleepwalking/sleep terrors and rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder. We assessed adult patients with sleepwalking/sleep terrors using rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder screening questionnaires and determined if they had enhanced muscle tone during rapid eye movement sleep. Conversely, we assessed rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder patients using the Paris Arousal Disorders Severity Scale and determined if they had more N3 awakenings...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511588/an-evening-milk-drink-can-affect-word-recall-in-indonesian-children-with-decreased-sleep-efficiency-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Rini Sekartini, Dian Novita Chandra, Tiana Arsianti, Saptawati Bardosono, Tjhin Wiguna, Anne Schaafsma
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep is important for memory consolidation in children. This study intended to find out whether an evening milk-based drink could influence sleep efficiency and memory recall in a group of Indonesian children (5-6 years old) with sleep deprivation. METHODS: Children were randomly allocated to one of three interventions: Reference product, satiety-stimulating product, and a relaxing product. The intervention lasted for 6 weeks and children consumed two servings per day of each 200 ml, the serving in the morning being the same for all children...
May 16, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511047/birth-weight-and-postnatal-growth-in-preterm-born-children-are-associated-with-cortisol-in-early-infancy-but-not-at-age-8-years
#10
Charlotte A Ruys, Bibian van der Voorn, Harrie N Lafeber, Monique van de Lagemaat, Joost Rotteveel, Martijn J J Finken
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth has been associated with altered hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA-) axis activity as well as cardiometabolic diseases and neurodevelopmental impairments later in life. We assessed cortisol from term age to age 8 y in children born preterm, to explore the development of HPA-axis activity in association with intrauterine and early-postnatal growth until 6 mo. corrected age. METHODS: In 152 children born at a gestational age ≤32 wks. and/or with a birth weight ≤1,500g, random serum cortisol was assessed at term age (n=150), 3 mo...
May 4, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511045/stigma-and-diurnal-cortisol-among-transitioning-transgender-men
#11
L Zachary DuBois, Sally Powers, Bethany G Everett, Robert-Paul Juster
This study assessed diurnal cortisol functioning in relation to stigma-based transition-specific stressors experienced by transgender men during their transition from female to male. Sixty-five healthy transgender men undergoing testosterone therapy participated in in-person interviews through which transition-specific stressors were identified. Interviews were coded according to participant reported (1) Transitioning-identity stress; (2) Coming Out stress; (3) Gender-specific Public Bathroom stress; and (4) levels of general Perceived Stress...
May 8, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508735/sleep-problems-in-breast-cancer-survivors-1-10-years-posttreatment
#12
Amy E Lowery-Allison, Steven D Passik, Matthew R Cribbet, Ruth A Reinsel, Barbara O'Sullivan, Larry Norton, Kenneth L Kirsh, Neil B Kavey
OBJECTIVE: Sleep can affect quality of life (QoL) during cancer survivorship, and symptoms related to poor sleep can be exacerbated. We examined the prevalence, severity, and nature of subjective sleep complaints in women surviving stage I-III breast cancer who were 1-10 years posttreatment. We also examined the demographic, medical, physical, and psychosocial correlates of poor sleep in these women in order to identify the subgroups that may be most in need of intervention. METHOD: A total of 200 patients at a comprehensive cancer center who were 1-10 years posttreatment for primary stage I-III breast cancer with no evidence of disease at the time of enrollment completed a battery of questionnaires on demographics, sleep, physical symptoms, mood, cancer-specific fears, and QoL...
May 16, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507050/tumor-dormancy-and-relapse-from-a-natural-byproduct-of-evolution-to-a-disease-state
#13
REVIEW
Masoud H Manjili
Species evolve by mutations and epigenetic changes acting on individuals in a population; tumors evolve by similar mechanisms at a cellular level in a tissue. This article reviews growing evidence about tumor dormancy and suggests that (i) cellular malignancy is a natural byproduct of evolutionary mechanisms, such as gene mutations and epigenetic modifications, which is manifested in the form of tumor dormancy in healthy individuals as well as in cancer survivors; (ii) cancer metastasis could be an early dissemination event that could occur during malignant dormancy even before primary cancer is clinically detectable; and (iii) chronic inflammation is a key factor in awakening dormant malignant cells at the primary site, leading to primary cancer development, and at distant sites, leading to advanced stage diseases...
May 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502207/symptoms-in-the-masticatory-system-and-related-quality-of-life-in-prospective-orthognathic-patients
#14
Riikka Pietilä, Mimmi Tolvanen, Timo Peltomäki, Anna-Liisa Svedström-Oristo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between orthognathic patients' self-reported symptoms in the head and neck region and their quality of life (QoL). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants included were consecutive patients (n = 50) referred to the assessment of orthognathic treatment need and voluntary first-year university students (n = 29). All participants filled in the Orthognathic Quality of Life Questionnaire (OQLQ) and a structured diary created by the authors...
May 13, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498534/adolescent-life-stress-and-the-cortisol-awakening-response-the-moderating-roles-of-attachment-and-sex
#15
Kelly F Miller, Gayla Margolin, Lauren Spies Shapiro, Adela C Timmons
This longitudinal study investigated how past versus current life stresses relate to adolescents' cortisol awakening response (CAR), an index of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal activity. Ninety-nine adolescents reported previous year life stress at ages 12 and 18. At the second assessment, participants also provided self-reports of parent and peer attachment and 3 days of cortisol samples. Current stress was associated with heightened CAR for both males and females, whereas past stress was associated with attenuated CAR for males...
March 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497735/-endogenous-retroviral-sequences-in-the-human-genome-can-play-a-physiological-or-pathological-role
#16
Julie Medina, Benjamin Charvet, Pascal Leblanc, Raphaële Germi, Branka Horvat, Patrice N Marche, Hervé Perron
Human endogenous retroviruses (HERV) represent a large part of our genome and the few elements that have retained a potential of expression still remain "dormant" in physiological conditions. In some instances, they can be awakened by environmental factors activating their expression. The best studied conditions of HERV activation are infections caused by microorganisms such as viruses of the Herpesvirus family. This activation can thus lead to the expression of pathogenic proteins such as envelope proteins belonging to the HERV-W and HERV-K families, respectively involved in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)...
April 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486702/trajectory-of-sleep-disturbances-in-patients-undergoing-lung-cancer-surgery-a-prospective-study
#17
Ingrid Helene Halle, Therese Krystad Westgaard, Alexander Wahba, Trine Oksholm, Tone Rustøen, Kari Hanne Gjeilo
OBJECTIVES: Patients with lung cancer report sleep difficulties to be frequent and bothersome symptoms. This study describes the trajectory of sleep from before and up to 12 months after surgery for lung cancer. Further, it investigates possible associations between sleep disturbance, demographic and clinical characteristics before surgery. METHODS: This study is part of a longitudinal multicentre study. Sleep disturbance was measured by The General Sleep Disturbance Scale (GSDS) that investigates frequencies of sleep difficulties (21 items) and a total sum score ≥43 indicates a clinically meaningful level of sleep disturbance (score range 0-147)...
May 8, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485842/overview-of-neuropeptides-awakening-the-senses
#18
REVIEW
Andrew F Russo
Humans have a diverse collection of neuropeptides that can influence a multitude of activities. There are now over 100 known neuropeptides and probably many more yet to be identified from the over 1000 predicted peptides encoded in the genome. While diverse, peptides generally share three common characteristics: (1) post-translational processing and release from vesicles, (2) activation of cell-surface receptors over a relatively large distance, and (3) modulation of target cells that are often in the brain and periphery...
May 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484371/state-dependent-modulation-of-slow-wave-motifs-towards-awakening
#19
Daisuke Shimaoka, Chenchen Song, Thomas Knöpfel
Slow cortical waves that propagate across the cerebral cortex forming large-scale spatiotemporal propagation patterns are a hallmark of non-REM sleep and anesthesia, but also occur during resting wakefulness. To investigate how the spatial temporal properties of slow waves change with the depth of anesthetic, we optically imaged population voltage transients generated by mouse layer 2/3 pyramidal neurons across one or two cortical hemispheres dorsally with a genetically encoded voltage indicator (GEVI). From deep barbiturate anesthesia to light barbiturate sedation, depolarizing wave events recruiting at least 50% of the imaged cortical area consistently appeared as a conserved repertoire of distinct wave motifs...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482208/pre-treatment-cortisol-awakening-response-predicts-symptom-reduction-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-after-treatment
#20
A E Rapcencu, R Gorter, M Kennis, S J H van Rooij, E Geuze
Dysfunction of the HPA-axis has frequently been found in the aftermath of trauma exposure with or without PTSD. Decreasing HPA-axis reactivity to different stress cues has been reported during PTSD treatment. The cortisol awakening response (CARi) is a well-validated, standardized measure of HPA-axis reactivity which can be easily acquired in the clinical setting. Whether CARi changes over time in traumatized individuals are specific to PTSD treatment is unknown. Furthermore, a possible role for the baseline CARi in predicting symptom reduction after treatment in PTSD has not been examined before...
April 27, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
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