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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721929/obstetric-hemorrhages-at-the-chu-yalgado-ou%C3%A3-draogo-of-ouagadougou%C3%A2-etiological-therapeutic-and-prognostic-aspects
#1
D P Kain, R D Ajavon, H Zamané, S Kiemtore, Y A Sawadogo, I Ouédraogo
To evaluate the maternal and perinatal prognosis of obstetric hemorrhages in the maternity department of the Yalgado Ouédraogo University Hospital of Ouagadougou. This descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in the four-month period from April through July 2015 included all women consulting on an emergency basis for vaginal bleeding during pregnancy at or after 28 weeks of gestation, or during labor, delivery, or the postpartum period. Obstetric hemorrhages accounted for 6% of admissions. The women's mean age was 27...
July 19, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720942/nutritional-quality-of-flours-from-guar-bean-cyamopsis-tetragonoloba-varieties-as-affected-by-different-processing-methods
#2
Priyanka Sharma, Amarjeet Kaur, Satvir Kaur
In present study, three varieties (G 80, Ageta 112 and HG 365) of guar bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) were analysed for proximate analysis and were processed by different methods (dehusking, soaking, autoclaving, extrusion and germination) to reduce its antinutritional factors. Processed guar flours were studied for antinutritional factors (tannins, phytic acid and polyphenols) and protein fractions. The highest protein, ash and polyphenols contents were observed in Ageta 112. G 80 contained the lowest tannin and phytic acid content...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720616/concomitant-preterm-birth-and-severe-small-for-gestational-age-birth-weight-among-infants-of-immigrant-mothers-in-ontario-originating-from-the-philippines-and-east-asia-a-population-based-study
#3
Emily Bartsch, Alison L Park, Jennifer Jairam, Joel G Ray
OBJECTIVES: Women from the Philippines form one of the largest immigrant groups to North America. Their newborns experience higher rates of preterm birth (PTB), and separately, small-for-gestational age (SGA) birth weight, compared with other East Asians. It is not known if Filipino women are at elevated risk of concomitant PTB and severe SGA (PTB-SGA), a pathological state likely reflective of placental dysfunction and neonatal morbidity. METHODS: We conducted a population-based study of all singleton or twin live births in Ontario, from 2002 to 2011, among immigrant mothers from the Philippines (n=27 946), Vietnam (n=15 297), Hong Kong (n=5618), South Korea (n=5148) and China (n=42 517)...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720539/in-depth-experimental-analysis-of-pharmaceutical-twin-screw-wet-granulation-in-view-of-detailed-process-understanding
#4
Maxim Verstraeten, Daan Van Hauwermeiren, Kai Lee, Neil Turnbull, David Wilsdon, Mary Am Ende, Pankaj Doshi, Chris Vervaet, Davinia Brouckaert, Séverine T F C Mortier, Ingmar Nopens, Thomas De Beer
Twin-screw wet granulation is gaining increasing interest within the pharmaceutical industry for the continuous manufacturing of solid oral dosage forms. However, limited prior fundamental physical understanding has been generated relating to the granule formation mechanisms and kinetics along the internal compartmental length of a twin-screw granulator barrel, and about how process settings, barrel screw configuration and formulation properties such as particle size, density and surface properties influence these mechanisms...
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719330/case-report-microcephaly-in-twins-due-to-the-zika-virus
#5
Victor S Santos, Sheila J G Oliveira, Ricardo Q Gurgel, Dorothy R R Lima, Cliomar A Dos Santos, Paulo R S Martins-Filho
Recent studies have demonstrated an association between congenital Zika virus (ZIKV) infection and microcephaly; however, to date, there have been no reports on the consequences of ZIKV infection on fetuses in twin pregnancies. Herein, we reported on the first case of a monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twin pregnancy having ZIKV-related microcephaly. Our findings suggested that, in an MCDA twin pregnancy, the ZIKV may cause infection in both fetuses, resulting in severe abnormalities in the central nervous system due to neural cell destruction and the disruption of the normal development processes of the brain...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718512/overweight-is-associated-with-lower-resting-state-functional-connectivity-in-females-after-eliminating-genetic-effects-a-twin-study
#6
Stieneke Doornweerd, Eelco van Duinkerken, Eco J de Geus, Parniane Arbab-Zadeh, Dick J Veltman, Richard G IJzerman
Obesity is related to altered functional connectivity of resting state brain networks that are involved in reward and motivation. It is unknown to what extent these associations reflect genetic confounding and whether the obesity-related connectivity changes are associated with differences in dietary intake. In this study, resting state functional MRI was performed after an overnight fast in 16 female monozygotic twin pairs (aged 48.8 ± 9.8 years) with a mean BMI discordance of 3.96 ± 2.1 kg/m(2) (range 0...
July 17, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716028/antiplasmodial-potential-and-quantification-of-aloin-and-aloe-emodin-in-aloe-vera-collected-from-different-climatic-regions-of-india
#7
Sandeep Kumar, Manila Yadav, Amita Yadav, Pooja Rohilla, Jaya Parkash Yadav
BACKGROUND: In this study, Aloe vera samples were collected from different climatic regions of India. Quantitative HPTLC (high performance thin layer chromatography) analysis of important anthraquinones aloin and aloe-emodin and antiplasmodial activity of crude aqueous extracts was done to estimate the effects of these constituents on antiplasmodial potential of the plant. METHODS: HPTLC system equipped with a sample applicator Linomat V with CAMAG sample syringe, twin rough plate development chamber (20 x 10 cm), TLC Scanner 3 and integration software WINCATS 1...
July 17, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715705/investigating-the-relationship-between-iron-and-depression
#8
Natalie T Mills, Robert Maier, John B Whitfield, Margaret J Wright, Lucia Colodro-Conde, Enda M Byrne, James G Scott, Gerard J Byrne, Narelle K Hansell, Anna A E Vinkhuyzen, Baptiste CouvyDuchesne, Grant W Montgomery, Anjali K Henders, Nicholas G Martin, Naomi R Wray, Beben Benyamin
Lower levels of circulating iron have been associated with depression. Our objective was to investigate the phenotypic and genetic relationship between measures of circulating levels of iron (serum iron, transferrin, transferrin saturation, and ferritin) and depressive symptoms. Data were available from ongoing studies at QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute (QIMRB), including twin adolescents (mean age 15.1 years, standard deviation (SD) 3.2 years), and twin adults (mean age 23.2 years, SD 2.2 years)...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714928/impact-of-thermomechanical-fiber-pre-treatment-using-twin-screw-extrusion-on-the-production-and-properties-of-renewable-binderless-coriander-fiberboards
#9
Evelien Uitterhaegen, Laurent Labonne, Othmane Merah, Thierry Talou, Stéphane Ballas, Thierry Véronèse, Philippe Evon
The aim of this study consisted of manufacturing renewable binderless fiberboards from coriander straw and a deoiled coriander press cake, thus at the same time ensuring the valorization of crop residues and process by-products. The press cake acted as a natural binder inside the boards owing to the thermoplastic behavior of its protein fraction during thermopressing. The influence of different fiber-refining methods was evaluated and it was shown that a twin-screw extrusion treatment effectively improved fiber morphology and resulted in fiberboards with enhanced performance as compared to a conventional grinding process...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714051/contributions-of-genes-and-environment-to-developmental-change-in-alcohol-use
#10
E C Long, B Verhulst, S H Aggen, K S Kendler, N A Gillespie
The precise nature of how genetic and environmental risk factors influence changes in alcohol use (AU) over time has not yet been investigated. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to examine the nature of longitudinal changes in these risk factors to AU from mid-adolescence through young adulthood. Using a large sample of male twins, we compared five developmental models that each makes different predictions regarding the longitudinal changes in genetic and environmental risks for AU. The best-fitting model indicated that genetic influences were consistent with a gradual growth in the liability to AU, whereas unique environmental risk factors were consistent with an accumulation of risks across time...
July 17, 2017: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711985/higher-rates-of-dz-twinning-in-a-twenty-first-century-birth-cohort
#11
Sally Ann Rhea, Robin P Corley, Andrew C Heath, William G Iacono, Michael C Neale, John K Hewitt
The Colorado Twin Registry is a population based registry initiated in 1984 with the involvement of the Colorado Department of Health, Division of Vital Statistics. Recruitment includes birth cohorts several years prior to 1984 and all subsequent years. As part of a recent evaluation of Colorado birth records for the years 2006 through 2008 we became aware of a shifting trend in the proportion of MZ and DZ twins in the Colorado population. Historically (Bulmer 1970 The biology of twinning in man, Clarendon, Oxford) we have expected a 1/3, 1/3, 1/3 ratio of MZ, same-sex DZ and opposite sex DZ twins in Caucasian populations...
July 15, 2017: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709445/twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome-study-protocol-for-developing-disseminating-and-implementing-a-core-outcome-set
#12
Asma Khalil, Helen Perry, James Duffy, Keith Reed, Ahmet Baschat, Jan Deprest, Kurt Hecher, Liesbeth Lewi, Enrico Lopriore, Dick Oepkes
BACKGROUND: Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome (TTTS) is associated with an increased risk of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Several treatment interventions have been described for TTTS, including fetoscopic laser surgery, amnioreduction, septostomy, expectant management, and pregnancy termination. Over the last decade, fetoscopic laser surgery has become the primary treatment. The literature to date reports on many different outcomes, making it difficult to compare results or combine data from individual studies, limiting the value of research to guide clinical practice...
July 14, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709319/golf-course-and-funnel-energy-landscapes-protein-folding-concepts-in-martensites
#13
N Shankaraiah
We use protein folding energy landscape concepts such as golf course and funnel to study re-equilibration in athermal martensites under systematic temperature quench Monte Carlo simulations. On quenching below a transition temperature, the seeded high-symmetry parent-phase austenite that converts to the low-symmetry product-phase martensite, through autocatalytic twinning or elastic photocopying, has both rapid conversions and incubation delays in the temperature-time-transformation phase diagram. We find the rapid (incubation delays) conversions at low (high) temperatures arises from the presence of large (small) size of golf-course edge that has the funnel inside for negative energy states...
June 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708526/progesterone-concentration-and-lambing-rate-of-karakul-ewes-treated-with-prostaglandin-and-gnrh-combined-with-the-ram-effect-during-breeding-and-non-breeding-seasons
#14
A Mirzaei, M Mohebbi-Fani, A Omidi, A Boostani, S Nazifi, H R Mahmoodian-Fard, M Chahardahcherik
The combination of ram effect with two injections of PGF2α 10-days apart and the same protocol plus an additional injection of GnRH prior to the first injection of PGF2α were examined in Karakul ewes during breeding and non-breeding seasons, respectively. Plasma progesterone (P4) concentrations (to detect the presence of active corpus luteum), twin lambing, litter size and synchronization of lambing were evaluated. In each study 70 ewes (2-4 years old) were divided to a treatment (n = 40) and a control (n = 30) group...
June 9, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708503/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-pufa-rich-fish-oil-on-reproductive-performance-of-the-goat-capra-hircus
#15
Ajit Singh Mahla, Ravjibhai K Chaudhari, Atul Kumar Verma, Amit Kumar Singh, Sanjay Kumar Singh, Gyanendra Singh, Mihir Sarkar, Narayan Dutta, Harendra Kumar, Narayanan Krishnaswamy
Dietary supplementation of n-3 PUFA decreases the luteolytic PGF2α and improves the pregnancy rate in the dairy cow. However, its effect in the goat is not known. Accordingly, we studied the effect of supplementation of n-3 PUFA rich Fish oil (FO) on different reproductive events in the goat. Cycling goats (n = 30) were divided into two equal groups and fed an isocaloric and isonitrogenous diet supplemented with either FO (TRT; n = 15) or palm oil (PO) (CON; n = 15) @ 0.6 mL/kg body weight for 72 days during the breeding season...
May 26, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707771/effect-of-vaginal-progesterone-in-tocolytic-therapy-during-preterm-labor-in-twin-pregnancies-secondary-analysis-of-a-placebo-controlled-randomized-trial
#16
Wagner R Hernandez, Rossana P V Francisco, Roberto E Bittar, Ursula T Gomez, Marcelo Zugaib, Maria L Brizot
AIM: Our aim was to investigate the effect of the prophylactic use of vaginal progesterone on the latency period from the initiation of tocolytic therapy to delivery in twin pregnancies with preterm labor. METHODS: This study was a secondary analysis of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of twin pregnancies in mothers who were exposed to a 200 mg vaginal progesterone ovule or a placebo ovule daily from 18 to 34 weeks gestation. Patients who were administered tocolysis with Atosiban because of preterm labor were included...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706170/-multiple-factors-in-the-second-trimester-of-pregnancy-on-preterm-labor-symptoms-and-preterm-birth
#17
Jeung Im Kim, Mi Ock Cho, Gyu Yeon Choi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of various factors on preterm labor symptoms (PLS) and preterm birth (PB). METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 193 women in the second stage of pregnancy. Multiple characteristics including body mass index (BMI), smoking, and pregnancy complications were collected through a self-report questionnaire. Pregnancy stress and PLS were each measured with a related scale. Cervical length and birth outcome were evaluated from medical charts...
June 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705620/application-of-continuous-twin-screw-granulation-for-the-metformin-hydrochloride-extended-release-formulation
#18
Su-Hyeon Kim, Kyu-Min Hwang, Cheol-Hee Cho, Thi-Tram Nguyen, Su Hyun Seok, Kyu-Mok Hwang, Ju-Young Kim, Chun-Woong Park, Yun-Seok Rhee, Eun-Seok Park
This study focuses on evaluating the potential of transferring from a batch process to continuous process for manufacturing of the extended release formulation. Metformin hydrochloride (HCl) was used in the model formulation which was intended to contain the high amount of hydrophilic drug. The effects of barrel temperature, binder type, powder feed rate, and screw speed on granule properties (size and strength) and torque value in twin screw granulation were investigated. Due to the high content of hydrophilic model drug, the granules prepared at a higher temperature with HPMC binding solution had the narrower size distribution and greater strength than the granules prepared with distilled water as a binding solution...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704197/expectant-management-in-di-chorionic-pregnancies-complicated-by-discordant-anomalous-twin
#19
Paola Algeri, Francesca M Russo, Maddalena Incerti, Sabrina Cozzolino, Francesca Pelizzoni, Davido P Bernasconi, Luca Montanelli, Luca Locatelli, Patrizia Vergani
Fetal malformations are more frequent in twins than in singletons. The aim of our study was to define the influence of a malformed twin on di-chorionic pregnancy outcomes. We performed a retrospective cohort study of di-chorionic pregnancies delivered between 2000 and 2015. Exclusion criteria were: both twins affected by fetal malformations, double intra-uterine fetal death in pregnancies without fetal malformation, selective feticide and therapeutic pregnancy termination. We compared maternal and fetal outcomes of di-chorionic pregnancies not complicated by fetal malformations with pregnancies affected by a single malformed fetus with conservative management...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699375/novel-insights-into-tat-pathway-in-xanthomonas-oryzae-pv-oryzae-stress-adaption-and-virulence-identification-and-characterization-of-tat-dependent-translocation-proteins
#20
Guichun Wu, Panpan Su, Bo Wang, Yuqiang Zhang, Guoliang Qian, Fengquan Liu
Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, an economically important bacterium, causes a serious disease in rice production worldwide called bacterial leaf blight. How X. oryzae pv. oryzae infects rice and causes symptoms remains incompletely understood. Our earlier works demonstrated that the twin-arginine translocation (Tat) pathway plays an vital role in X. oryzae pv. oryzae fitness and virulence but the underlying mechanism is unknown. In this study, we used strain PXO99(A) as a working model, and identified 15 potential Tat-dependent translocation proteins (TDTP) by using comparative proteomics and bioinformatics analyses...
July 12, 2017: Phytopathology
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