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Shoulder AND physical therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027039/effectiveness-of-occupational-therapy-interventions-for-musculoskeletal-shoulder-conditions-a-systematic-review
#1
Tambra L Marik, Shawn C Roll
People with musculoskeletal disorders of the shoulder commonly experience pain, decreased strength, and restricted range of motion (ROM) that limit participation in meaningful occupational activities. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the current evidence for interventions within the occupational therapy scope of practice that address pain reduction and increase participation in functional activities. Seventy-six studies were reviewed for this study-67 of Level I evidence, 7 of Level II evidence, and 2 of Level III evidence...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003133/myofascial-induction-effects-on-neck-shoulder-pain-in-breast-cancer-survivors-randomized-single-blind-placebo-controlled-cross-over-design
#2
Eduardo Castro-Martín, Lucía Ortiz-Comino, Tania Gallart-Aragón, Bernabé Esteban-Moreno, Manuel Arroyo-Morales, Noelia Galiano-Castillo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the immediate effects of myofascial induction (MI) with placebo electrotherapy as control on perceived pain, cervical/shoulder range of motion (ROM) and mood state in breast cancer survivors (BCSs) with shoulder/arm morbidity. Our secondary objective was to examine the relationships between pain modifications and cervical/shoulder ROM on the side affected by breast cancer. DESIGN: Randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over study...
December 18, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002214/management-of-acute-proximal-humeral-fractures
#3
Vamsi Krishna Kancherla, Anshuman Singh, Oke A Anakwenze
Proximal humeral fractures, which typically occur in elderly persons, are among the most common fractures. A myriad of nonsurgical and surgical treatment options exist for these injuries, including short-term immobilization and early physical therapy, percutaneous fixation, plate osteosynthesis, intramedullary nailing, hemiarthroplasty, and reverse shoulder arthroplasty. The choice of treatment depends on the fracture type and severity, surgeon expertise, patient age, and patient health status.
January 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999727/an-intervention-based-clinical-reasoning-framework-to-guide-the-management-of-thoracic-pain-in-a-dancer-a-case-report
#4
Michael Masaracchio, Kaitlin Kirker, Cristiana Kahl Collins, William Hanney, Xinliang Liu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: As a result of the anatomical proximity of the thoracic spine to the cervical, lumbar, and shoulder regions, dysfunction in the thoracic spine can influence pain, mobility, and stability across these areas. Currently, a paucity of evidence exists addressing treatment of individuals with primary thoracic pain, especially in young, athletic patients. Furthermore, current research discussing clinical reasoning frameworks focus on the differential diagnostic process...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942122/the-effect-of-the-shoulder-stability-exercise-using-resistant-vibration-stimulus-on-forward-head-posture-and-muscle-activity
#5
Eun-Kyung Kim, Jong Ho Kang, Hyo Taek Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to analyze shoulder stabilization using resistant vibration stimulus during bodyblade exercise followed by forward head posture improvement. [Subjects and Methods] Craniovertebral angle and cranial rotation angle were measured with 24 patients who were diagnosed with forward head posture. The experimental group conducted bodyblade exercise for 6 weeks and all patients received conventional physical therapy. The craniovertebral angle and cranial rotation angle were measured using a diagnostic imaging device to measure the change in forward head posture...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938361/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-a-short-course-personalized-self-management-and-intensive-spa-therapy-intervention-as-active-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-of-the-upper-extremities-muska-a-research-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Charlotte Lanhers, Bruno Pereira, Chloé Gay, Christian Hérisson, Christine Levyckyj, Arnaud Dupeyron, Emmanuel Coudeyre
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) constitute a major occupational health problem in the working population, substantially impacting the quality of life of employees. They also cause considerable economic cost to the healthcare system, with, notably, the reimbursement of treatments and compensation for lost income. MSDs manifest as localized pain or functional difficulty in one or more anatomical areas, such as the cervical spine, shoulder, elbow, hand, and wrist. Although prevalence varies depending on the region considered and the method of assessment, a prevalence of 30% is found in different epidemiological studies...
December 9, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937046/contribution-of-dry-needling-to-individualized-physical-therapy-treatment-of-shoulder-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Sara Pérez-Palomares, Bárbara Oliván-Blázquez, Ana Pérez-Palomares, Elena Gaspar-Calvo, Marina Pérez-Benito, Elena López-Lapeña, Maria Luisa de la Torre-Beldarraín, Rosa Magallón-Botaya
Study Design Multicenter, parallel randomized clinical trial. Background Myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) are implicated in shoulder pain and functional limitations. An intervention intended to treat MTrPs is dry needling. Objectives To investigate the effectiveness of dry needling in addition to evidence-based personalized physical therapy treatment in the treatment of shoulder pain. Methods One hundred twenty patients with nonspecific shoulder pain were randomly allocated into 2 parallel groups: (1) personalized, evidencebased physical therapy treatment; and (2) trigger point dry needling in addition to personalized, evidence-based physical therapy treatment...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909672/arthroscopic-360%C3%A2-capsular-release-for-adhesive-capsulitis-in-the-lateral-decubitus-position
#8
Gregory L Cvetanovich, Timothy Leroux, Jason T Hamamoto, John D Higgins, Anthony A Romeo, Nikhil N Verma
Idiopathic adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder is a relatively common condition that results in pain and loss of motion due to capsular thickening and fibrosis. Most cases are successfully treated with conservative management including physical therapy and intra-articular steroid injections. If conservative management fails, arthroscopic capsular release allows precise release of thickened capsular tissue with a lower risk of complications and less soft-tissue trauma than manipulation under anesthesia alone...
October 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908650/musculoskeletal-conditions-in-a-pediatric-population-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#9
Courtney M Stern, Michael J Pepin, Joan M Stoler, Dennis E Kramer, Samantha A Spencer, Cynthia J Stein
OBJECTIVE: To describe musculoskeletal conditions in children with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective medical record review was performed, which evaluated 205 patients with EDS (ages 6-19 years) seen in sports medicine or orthopedic clinic at a large pediatric hospital over a 5-year period. RESULTS: Female (n = 147) and male (n = 57) patients were identified (mean age 12.7 years). The most common EDS subtype (55...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900708/can-posterior-capsular-stretching-rehabilitation-protocol-change-scapula-kinematics-in-asymptomatic-baseball-pitchers
#10
A Pellegrini, P Tonino, D Salazar, K Hendrix, I Parel, A Cutti, P Paladini, F Ceccarelli, G Porcellini
PURPOSE: Scapular dyskinesis is a recognized cause of shoulder pain in the throwing shoulder of baseball pitchers and athletes who participate in overhead sports. Past studies have assessed scapular kinematics using electromagnetic tracking devices and have shown a correlation between posterior shoulder tightness and forward scapular posture. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the scapular kinematics, before and after a 4-week posterior stretching protocol in asymptomatic pitchers...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887610/integral-strategy-to-supportive-care-in-breast-cancer-survivors-through-occupational-therapy-and-a-m-health-system-design-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Mario Lozano-Lozano, Lydia Martín-Martín, Noelia Galiano-Castillo, Francisco Álvarez-Salvago, Irene Cantarero-Villanueva, Carolina Fernández-Lao, Carmen Sánchez-Salado, Manuel Arroyo-Morales
BACKGROUND: Technological support using e-health mobile applications (m-health) is a promising strategy to improve the adherence to healthy lifestyles in breast cancer survivors (excess in energy intake or low physical activity are determinants of the risk of recurrence, second cancers and cancer mortality). Moreover, cancer rehabilitation programs supervised by health professionals are needed due to the inherent characteristics of these breast cancer patients. Our main objective is to compare the clinical efficacy of a m-health lifestyle intervention system alone versus an integral strategy to improve Quality of Life in breast cancer survivors...
November 25, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876481/physical-effects-of-unilateral-mastectomy-on-spine-deformity
#12
Savaş Serel, Zeynep Yasavur Tuzlalı, Zehra Akkaya, Çağlar Uzun, Burak Kaya, Sancar Bayar
OBJECTIVE: Mastectomy is known to effect body posture after a change in the center of gravity of women due to a missing breast. Although previous studies on short-term postural changes in mastectomy patients using photogrammetry or Moiré topography suggested ipsilateral inclination of the trunk, our clinical observations during breast reconstruction surgeries indicated a contralateral shoulder elevation in women with unilateral mastectomy. Because the change in body posture can affect spinal alignment, we aimed to evaluate the long-term physical effects of unilateral mastectomy on spine deformity by radiographic examination...
October 26, 2016: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867508/a-feasibility-study-to-determine-the-benefits-of-upper-extremity-virtual-rehabilitation-therapy-for-coping-with-chronic-pain-post-cancer-surgery
#13
Gregory House, Grigore Burdea, Namrata Grampurohit, Kevin Polistico, Doru Roll, Frank Damiani, Jasdeep Hundal, Didier Demesmin
BACKGROUND: Persistent pain in shoulder and arm following post-surgical breast cancer treatment can lead to cognitive and physical deficits. Depression is also common in breast cancer survivors. Virtual reality therapy with integrative cognitive and physical rehabilitation has not been clinically trialed for this population. The novel BrightArm Duo technology improved cognition and upper extremity (UE) function for other diagnoses and has great potential to benefit individuals coping with post-surgical breast cancer pain...
November 2016: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830921/post-operative-physical-therapy-program-for-latissimus-dorsi-and-teres-major-tendons-transfer-to-rotator-cuff-in-children-with-obstetrical-brachial-plexus-injury
#14
Yasser A Safoury, Mohamed Eldesoky, Enas E Abutaleb, Mohamed Raafat, Ahmed M Gaber
BACKGROUND: The transfer latissimus dorsi and teres major tendons to rotator cuff have been developed to rebalance the muscular dysfunction and improve shoulder range of motion in children with obstetrical brachial plexus palsy (OBPP). No previous study reported the ideal postoperative physical therapy program for these cases. AIM: The aim of the present study was to design appropriate postoperative physical therapy (PT) program after latissimus dorsi and teres major tendons transfer to rotator cuff in OBPP to improve upper limb function...
November 10, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796190/postoperative-physical-therapy-management-of-tendon-transfer-for-digital-wrist-extension-due-to-multifocal-motor-neuropathy
#15
Steve Volpe
Study Design Case report. Background Multifocal motor neuropathy is a progressive motor nerve disorder characterized by muscle weakness in the extremities. Muscle imbalance and weakness can become so severe that the involved extremity can be rendered nonfunctional. The purpose of this case report is to describe the physical therapy postoperative management of a patient who underwent a multiple tendon transfer to correct the loss of digital/wrist extension of the right upper extremity. Case Description A 38-year-old woman with a medical diagnosis of multifocal motor neuropathy, which caused muscle imbalance and weakness in the right hand, underwent a multiple tendon transfer to correct the loss of digit and wrist extension...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792019/the-effects-of-electromyography-triggered-electrical-stimulation-on-shoulder-subluxation-muscle-activation-pain-and-function-in-stroke-patients-pilot-study
#16
So-Myung Jeon, Young Kim, Kyoung-Sim Jung, Yi-Jung Chung
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of task-oriented electromyography-triggered stimulation for shoulder subluxation, muscle activation, pain and upper extremity function in hemiparetic stroke patients. METHODS: Twenty participants with subacute hemiparetic stroke were recruited for this study and were randomly divided into two groups: experimental group (n = 10) and control group (n = 10). Subjects in the experimental group participated in task-oriented electromyography triggered stimulation for 30 minutes, five times a week for four weeks, whereas the control group received cyclic functional electrical stimulation for 30 minutes, five times a week for four weeks...
October 25, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776987/endocrinology-of-aging-from-a-muscle-function-point-of-view-results-from-the-toledo-study-for-healthy-aging
#17
Amelia Guadalupe-Grau, Jose Antonio Carnicero, Jose Losa-Reyna, Jesús Tresguerres, Maria Del Carmen Gómez-Cabrera, Carmen Castillo, Ana Alfaro-Acha, Cristina Rosado-Artalejo, Leocadio Rodriguez-Mañas, Francisco José García-García
INTRODUCTION: Aging is a process that involves a reduction in muscle strength and anabolic hormone concentrations, which impacts significantly on health. AIM: To study the hormone/total strength (H/TS) ratio as a proxy of anabolic insensitivity status in elders, and its relationship with disability, hospitalization, and mortality risk. DESIGN: A total of 1462 persons aged ≥65 years from the Toledo Study of Healthy Aging participated in this study...
October 21, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769805/bodybuilding-induced-mondor-s-disease-of-the-chest-wall
#18
Christian Tröbinger, Christian J Wiedermann
OBJECTIVE: To describe the association of bodybuilding abdominal exercise with the development of superficial sclerosing thrombophlebitis of the anterolateral thoracoabdominal wall. DESIGN: A single case study. SETTING: University-affiliated regional community hospital. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 54-year-old man presented with an otherwise unremarkable past medical history 4 weeks after the start of left-sided chest discomfort...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757288/corrected-error-video-versus-a-physical-therapist-instructed-home-exercise-program-accuracy-of-performing-therapeutic-shoulder-exercises
#19
David J Berkoff, Kamesh Krishnamurthy, Jennifer Hopp, Laura Stanley, Ken Spores, David Braunreiter
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The accurate performance of physical therapy exercises can be difficult. In this evolving healthcare climate it is important to continually look for better methods to educate patients. The use of handouts, in-person demonstration, and video instruction are all potential avenues used to teach proper exercise form. The purpose of this study was to examine if a corrected error video (CEV) would be as effective as a single visit with a physical therapist (PT) to teach healthy subjects how to properly perform four different shoulder rehabilitation exercises...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757283/diagnostic-imaging-in-a-direct-access-sports-physical-therapy-clinic-a-2-year-retrospective-practice-analysis
#20
Michael S Crowell, Erik A Dedekam, Michael R Johnson, Scott C Dembowski, Richard B Westrick, Donald L Goss
BACKGROUND: While advanced diagnostic imaging is a large contributor to the growth in health care costs, direct-access to physical therapy is associated with decreased rates of diagnostic imaging. No study has systematically evaluated with evidence-based criteria the appropriateness of advanced diagnostic imaging, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), when ordered by physical therapists. The primary purpose of this study was to describe the appropriateness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or magnetic resonance arthrogram (MRA) exams ordered by physical therapists in a direct-access sports physical therapy clinic...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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