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Low back pain AND physical therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871193/physiotherapist-delivered-cognitive-behavioural-interventions-are-effective-for-low-back-pain-but-can-they-be-replicated-in-clinical-practice-a-systematic-review
#1
Amanda Hall, Helen Richmond, Bethan Copsey, Zara Hansen, Esther Williamson, Gillian Jones, Beth Fordham, Zafra Cooper, Sarah Lamb
PURPOSE: To determine if physiotherapist-led cognitive-behavioural (CB) interventions are effective for low back pain (LBP) and described sufficiently for replication. METHOD: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of patients with LBP treated by physiotherapists using a CB intervention were included. Outcomes of disability, pain, and quality of life were assessed using the GRADE approach. Intervention reporting was assessed using the Template for Intervention Description and Replication...
November 21, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858681/the-effect-of-visceral-osteopathic-manual-therapy-applications-on-pain-quality-of-life-and-function-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain
#2
Seval Tamer, Müzeyyen Öz, Özlem Ülger
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of osteopathic manual therapy (OMT) applications on chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP) has been demonstrated. However, visceral applications, which are an important part of OMT techniques, have not been included in those studies. OBJECTIVE: The study's objective was to determine the effect of OMT including visceral applications on the function and quality of life (QoL) in patients with chronic nonspecific LBP. DESIGN: The study was designed with a simple method of block randomization...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857632/comparison-of-2-multimodal-interventions-with-and-without-whole-body-vibration-therapy-plus-traction-on-pain-and-disability-in-patients-with-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain
#3
Gianni F Maddalozzo, Brian Kuo, Walker A Maddalozzo, Conner D Maddalozzo, Johnny W Galver
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this secondary data analysis was to compare the effect of 2 multimodal exercise-based physical therapy interventions (one with and one without whole-body vibration [WBV] therapy plus traction) on pain and disability in patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from 2 distinct samples. One sample was from the Focus on Therapeutic Outcomes Inc. (FOTO) group (n = 55, age 55...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831982/comparative-effectiveness-of-treatments-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-multiple-treatment-comparison-analysis
#4
Jeffrey A Rihn, Kristen Radcliff, Daniel C Norvell, Robert Eastlack, Frank M Phillips, Daniel Berland, Ned Sherry, Mitchell Freedman, Alexander R Vaccaro
STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review and network meta-analysis. OBJECTIVE: To determine current treatment options of chronic low back pain (LBP) as defined by randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and to compare effectiveness of those treatments using a mixed-treatment comparison (MTC). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: It is important to provide an evidence-based assessment of the treatment options that exist for LBP. METHODS: A systematic search of RCTs was conducted in MEDLINE and the Cochrane Collaboration Library from 1990 to 2014...
November 9, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829573/advancing-interprofessional-primary-health-care-services-in-rural-settings-for-people-with-chronic-low-back-disorders-protocol-of-a-community-based-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Brenna Bath, Stacey Lovo Grona, Stephan Milosavljevic, Nazmi Sari, Biaka Imeah, Megan E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back disorders (CLBDs) are a substantial burden on individuals and societies, and impact up to 20% of Canadians. Rural and remote residents are approximately 30% more likely to have CLBDs. Reduced access to appropriate team-based health services, including physical therapy, is a key factor that may magnify the impact of CLBD on pain, physical function, overall quality of life, health-related system costs, and individual costs. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this project is to evaluate the validity, comparative effectiveness, costs, barriers, and facilitators of an interprofessional management approach for people with CLBDs, delivered via telehealth...
November 9, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821936/the-change-of-pain-and-lumbosacral-sagittal-alignment-after-sling-exercise-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#6
Hee Sook Roh, Won Je Cho, Won Jong Ryu, Seung Jin Park, Chang Sik An
[Purpose] This study was conducted to quantify the effect of sling exercise therapy in the recovery of lumbosacral sagittal alignment (LSA) and in the control of low back pain. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 102 chronic low back pain patients were divided into two groups, a physical therapy group and a sling exercise group. In both groups, programs were conducted thrice a week for twelve weeks. With respect to LSA, pelvic tilt (PT), sacral slope (SS), and pelvic incidence (PI) were measured with plain radiography...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817138/tophaceous-gout-of-the-lumbar-spine-mimicking-a-spinal-meningioma
#7
Pedro Ribeiro da Cunha, António Judice Peliz, Marcos Barbosa
PURPOSE: Although gout is a common metabolic disorder, it usually affects distal joints of the appendicular skeleton. Axial spine involvement is rare, with only 131 cases reported in the literature. The authors report a rare case of lumbar spinal gout mimicking a spinal meningioma. METHODS: A 77-year-old man with a history of gout presented with chronic low back pain and progressive paraparesis. Imaging revealed a lumbar spine compressive mass lesion with a dural tail signal...
November 5, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810456/considerations-in-spinal-fusion-surgery-for-chronic-lumbar-pain-psychosocial-factors-rating-scales-and-perioperative-patient-education-a-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
Daniel Gaudin, Brianna M Krafcik, Tarek R Mansour, Ahmed Alnemari
OBJECTIVE: This literature review was conducted to better understand the factors associated with optimal post-operative results following lumbar spinal fusion for chronic back pain, and the current tools used for evaluation. BACKGROUND: Despite widespread use of lumbar spinal fusion as a treatment for back pain, outcomes remain variable. Optimizing patient selection can help to reduce adverse outcomes. METHODS: The PubMed database was searched for clinical trials related to psychosocial determinants of outcome following lumbar spinal fusion surgery, evaluation of commonly used patient subjective outcome measures, and perioperative cognitive, behavioral, and educational therapies...
October 31, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807527/the-effect-of-sling-exercise-on-sagittal-lumbosacral-angle-and-intervertebral-disc-area-of-chronic-low-back-pain-patients
#9
Seung-Bum Lee, Won-Je Cho
The purpose of this study was to observe the change of lumbosacral angle and intervertebral disc (IVD) area. The study was conducted on chronic low back pain (CLBP) female patients for 12 weeks by operating sling exercise and general physical therapy. The 57 CLBP were divided into 2 groups which, sling exercise group (SEG, n=34) and general physical therapy group (PTG, n=23). The experiment was conducted three times a week for 12 weeks. The lumbosacral angle, which means the angle between the L1-L2 lumbar was measured by plain radiography...
October 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785478/outcome-of-intensive-outpatient-rehabilitation-and-bracing-in-an-adult-patient-with-scheuermann-s-disease-evaluated-by-radiologic-imaging-a-case-report
#10
Hagit Berdishevsky
BACKGROUND: No studies examine the efficacy of intensive specific physical therapy (PT) exercises along with brace for the adult with Scheuermann's kyphosis (SK). The aim of this study was to examine the effects of intensive PT based on the Barcelona Scoliosis Physical Therapy School (BSPTS) and SpinoMed brace on a 76-year-old female with SK. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 76-year-old female, diagnosed with SK as an adolescent, presented in October 2014 with thoracic hyperkyphosis T1 to T12 Cobb angle of 85° and lumbar hyper lordosis L1 to L5 Cobb angle of 70°...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771359/is-interferential-current-prior-to-pilates-exercises-more-effective-than-placebo-in-patients-with-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Katherinne Ferro Moura Franco, Yuri Rafael Dos Santos Franco, Naiane Teixeira Bastos de Oliveira, Gisela Cristiane Miyamoto, Matheus Oliveira Santos, Richard Eloin Liebano, Cristina Maria Nunes Cabral
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether interferential current prior to Pilates exercises is more effective than placebo in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain. DESIGN: Two-arm randomized controlled trial, with blinded assessor, and six months follow-up. SETTING: Clinic of the School of Physical Therapy. PARTICIPANTS: The random sample consisted of 148 patients of both genders, with age between 18 and 80 and chronic non-specific low back pain...
October 19, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765707/subsequent-healthcare-utilization-associated-with-early-physical-therapy-for-new-episodes-of-low-back-pain-in-older-adults
#12
Deven A Karvelas, Sean D Rundell, Janna L Friedly, Alfred C Gellhorn, Laura S Gold, Bryan A Comstock, Patrick J Heagerty, Brian W Bresnahan, David R Nerenz, Jeffrey G Jarvik
BACKGROUND: The association between early physical therapy (PT) and subsequent healthcare utilization following a new visit for low back pain is not clear, particularly in the setting of acute low back pain. PURPOSE: To estimate the association between initiating early physical therapy following a new visit for an episode of low back pain and subsequent back-pain-specific health care utilization in older adults. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Prospective cohort study...
October 17, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746554/correlation-of-quality-of-life-scores-to-clinical-outcome-of-lumbar-epidural-steroids-in-chronic-low-back-pain
#13
Saru Singh, Kulvinder Singh, Ruchi Gupta, Nayyamat Kaur, Pranav Bansal, Sanjeet Singh
CONTEXT AND AIM: The assessment of severity of low back pain includes subjective questionnaires to quantify the impact on routine life. The objective of current study was to correlate various quality of life (QOL) scores to the clinical outcome measured as improvement in Visual Analog Score (VAS) after interventional treatment. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty-one consecutive chronic low backache patients were assessed for pain intensity using VAS, revised Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Quebec's, Roland-Morris disability questionnaire (RMDQ), and depression score at presentation...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713076/fear-of-movement-is-not-associated-with-objective-and-subjective-physical-activity-levels-in-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain
#14
Flávia A Carvalho, Chris G Maher, Marcia R Franco, Priscila K Morelhão, Crystian B Oliveira, Fernanda G Silva, Rafael Z Pinto
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association of physical activity measures, derived with an accelerometer and a self-reported questionnaire, with fear of movement in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP) and to investigate the association between disability and fear of movement in this population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Outpatient physical therapy university clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (N=119) presenting with nonspecific LBP of >3 months' duration...
October 3, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712027/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-noninvasive-management-of-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-by-the-ontario-protocol-for-traffic-injury-management-optima-collaboration
#15
J J Wong, P Côté, D A Sutton, K Randhawa, H Yu, S Varatharajan, R Goldgrub, M Nordin, D P Gross, H M Shearer, L J Carroll, P J Stern, A Ameis, D Southerst, S Mior, M Stupar, T Varatharajan, A Taylor-Vaisey
: We conducted a systematic review of guidelines on the management of low back pain (LBP) to assess their methodological quality and guide care. We synthesized guidelines on the management of LBP published from 2005 to 2014 following best evidence synthesis principles. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane, DARE, National Health Services Economic Evaluation Database, Health Technology Assessment Database, Index to Chiropractic Literature and grey literature. Independent reviewers critically appraised eligible guidelines using AGREE II criteria...
October 6, 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704865/effectiveness-of-ayurvedic-massage-sahacharadi-taila-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Syal Kumar, Thomas Rampp, Christian Kessler, Michael Jeitler, Gustav J Dobos, Rainer Lüdtke, Larissa Meier, Andreas Michalsen
OBJECTIVES: Ayurveda is one of the oldest comprehensive healthcare systems worldwide. Ayurvedic massage and physical therapy are frequently used to treat patients with chronic pain syndromes and disorders of the musculoskeletal system. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Ayurvedic massage in nonspecific chronic low back pain by means of a randomized clinical trial. DESIGN: Sixty-four patients (mean age, 54.8 years; 49 women and 15 men) with chronic low back pain who scored >40 mm on a 100-mm visual analogue scale (VAS) were randomly assigned to a 2-week massage group with 6 hours of Ayurvedic massage and external treatment (n = 32) or to a 2-week local thermal therapy group (n = 32)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692387/a-prospective-study-predicting-the-outcome-of-chronic-low-back-pain-and-physical-therapy-the-role-of-fear-avoidance-beliefs-and-extraspinal-pain
#17
Aloma S A Feitosa, Jaqueline Barros Lopes, Eloisa Bonfa, Ari S R Halpern
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prognostic factors for conventional physical therapy in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: Prospective observational study. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred thirteen patients with CLBP selected at the Spinal Disease Outpatient Clinic. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pain intensity was scored using the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), and function was measured using the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ)...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676740/musculoskeletal-disorders-in-diabetes-mellitus-patients-in-a-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-department
#18
Sana Salah, Mariem Rekik, Iheb Bel Haj Youssef, Soumaya Boudokhane, Houda Migaou, Anis Jellad, Zohra Ben Salah Frih
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) of diabetes mellitus (DM) patients in a Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PMR) department. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study (January-December 2013) in which we enrolled 193 patients with DM. General (epidemic and clinical) characteristics were measured. Statistical analysis was performed using the statistical software SPSS 16. RESULTS: The participants' median age was 58 years (20-86), 98 men (50...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660720/coexistence-of-a-ghon-complex-pott-s-disease-and-hip-arthritis-in-a-child
#19
Ozgul Yigit, Meltem Erol, Ozlem Bostan Gayret, Isıl Ustun, Selami Ulas
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis remains a major public health problem in developing countries. Diagnosing extrapulmonary tuberculosis can be difficult, as it requires a higher index of suspicion than primary tuberculosis. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis may mimic malignancies and many other diseases, so it should be included in the differential diagnosis. Here, we present a case of extrapulmonary tuberculosis associated with Pott's disease and hip arthritis in a patient who recovered after 12 months of antituberculosis therapy...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651819/management-of-sport-injuries-with-korean-medicine-a-survey-of-korean-national-volleyball-team
#20
Changsop Yang, Eunyoung Lee, Eui-Hyoung Hwang, Ojin Kwon, Jun-Hwan Lee
The purpose of this study was to report the current state of Korean medicine (KM) treatment on sports injury by implementing survey with volleyball team medical doctors participating in 2013-2014 season. Six KM doctors completed a questionnaire that includes injury parameters: type, location, situation, and pain scores. We collected 166 injury cases from 94 Korean male and female national volleyball players. Knee (25.9%), low back (13.3%), elbow, and ankle (8.4%) injuries were most common. Joint (41.6%) and muscle (30...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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