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Low back pain AND physical therapy

Katherinne Ferro Moura Franco, Yuri Rafael Dos Santos Franco, Naiane Teixeira Bastos de Oliveira, Gisela Cristiane Miyamoto, Matheus Oliveira Santos, Richard Eloin Liebano, Cristina Maria Nunes Cabral
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether interferential current prior to Pilates exercises is more effective than placebo in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain. DESIGN: Two-arm randomized controlled trial, with blinded assessor, and six months follow-up. SETTING: Clinic of the School of Physical Therapy. PARTICIPANTS: The random sample consisted of 148 patients of both genders, with age between 18 and 80 and chronic non-specific low back pain...
October 19, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Deven A Karvelas, Sean D Rundell, Janna L Friedly, Alfred C Gellhorn, Laura S Gold, Bryan A Comstock, Patrick J Heagerty, Brian W Bresnahan, David R Nerenz, Jeffrey G Jarvik
BACKGROUND: The association between early physical therapy (PT) and subsequent healthcare utilization following a new visit for low back pain is not clear, particularly in the setting of acute low back pain. PURPOSE: To estimate the association between initiating early physical therapy following a new visit for an episode of low back pain and subsequent back-pain-specific health care utilization in older adults. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Prospective cohort study...
October 17, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Saru Singh, Kulvinder Singh, Ruchi Gupta, Nayyamat Kaur, Pranav Bansal, Sanjeet Singh
CONTEXT AND AIM: The assessment of severity of low back pain includes subjective questionnaires to quantify the impact on routine life. The objective of current study was to correlate various quality of life (QOL) scores to the clinical outcome measured as improvement in Visual Analog Score (VAS) after interventional treatment. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty-one consecutive chronic low backache patients were assessed for pain intensity using VAS, revised Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Quebec's, Roland-Morris disability questionnaire (RMDQ), and depression score at presentation...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Flávia A Carvalho, Chris G Maher, Marcia R Franco, Priscila K Morelhão, Crystian B Oliveira, Fernanda G Silva, Rafael Z Pinto
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of physical activity measures, derived from accelerometer and a self-reported questionnaire, with fear of movement in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (LBP), and to investigate the association between disability and fear of movement in this population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Outpatient physical therapy university clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Patients presenting with non-specific LBP of greater than 3 months duration...
October 3, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
J J Wong, P Côté, D A Sutton, K Randhawa, H Yu, S Varatharajan, R Goldgrub, M Nordin, D P Gross, H M Shearer, L J Carroll, P J Stern, A Ameis, D Southerst, S Mior, M Stupar, T Varatharajan, A Taylor-Vaisey
: We conducted a systematic review of guidelines on the management of low back pain (LBP) to assess their methodological quality and guide care. We synthesized guidelines on the management of LBP published from 2005 to 2014 following best evidence synthesis principles. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane, DARE, National Health Services Economic Evaluation Database, Health Technology Assessment Database, Index to Chiropractic Literature and grey literature. Independent reviewers critically appraised eligible guidelines using AGREE II criteria...
October 6, 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Syal Kumar, Thomas Rampp, Christian Kessler, Michael Jeitler, Gustav J Dobos, Rainer Lüdtke, Larissa Meier, Andreas Michalsen
OBJECTIVES: Ayurveda is one of the oldest comprehensive healthcare systems worldwide. Ayurvedic massage and physical therapy are frequently used to treat patients with chronic pain syndromes and disorders of the musculoskeletal system. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Ayurvedic massage in nonspecific chronic low back pain by means of a randomized clinical trial. DESIGN: Sixty-four patients (mean age, 54.8 years; 49 women and 15 men) with chronic low back pain who scored >40 mm on a 100-mm visual analogue scale (VAS) were randomly assigned to a 2-week massage group with 6 hours of Ayurvedic massage and external treatment (n = 32) or to a 2-week local thermal therapy group (n = 32)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Aloma S A Feitosa, Jaqueline Barros Lopes, Eloisa Bonfa, Ari S R Halpern
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prognostic factors for conventional physical therapy in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: Prospective observational study. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred thirteen patients with CLBP selected at the Spinal Disease Outpatient Clinic. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pain intensity was scored using the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), and function was measured using the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ)...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Sana Salah, Mariem Rekik, Iheb Bel Haj Youssef, Soumaya Boudokhane, Houda Migaou, Anis Jellad, Zohra Ben Salah Frih
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) of diabetes mellitus (DM) patients in a Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PMR) department. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study (January-December 2013) in which we enrolled 193 patients with DM. General (epidemic and clinical) characteristics were measured. Statistical analysis was performed using the statistical software SPSS 16. RESULTS: The participants' median age was 58 years (20-86), 98 men (50...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Ozgul Yigit, Meltem Erol, Ozlem Bostan Gayret, Isıl Ustun, Selami Ulas
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis remains a major public health problem in developing countries. Diagnosing extrapulmonary tuberculosis can be difficult, as it requires a higher index of suspicion than primary tuberculosis. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis may mimic malignancies and many other diseases, so it should be included in the differential diagnosis. Here, we present a case of extrapulmonary tuberculosis associated with Pott's disease and hip arthritis in a patient who recovered after 12 months of antituberculosis therapy...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Changsop Yang, Eunyoung Lee, Eui-Hyoung Hwang, Ojin Kwon, Jun-Hwan Lee
The purpose of this study was to report the current state of Korean medicine (KM) treatment on sports injury by implementing survey with volleyball team medical doctors participating in 2013-2014 season. Six KM doctors completed a questionnaire that includes injury parameters: type, location, situation, and pain scores. We collected 166 injury cases from 94 Korean male and female national volleyball players. Knee (25.9%), low back (13.3%), elbow, and ankle (8.4%) injuries were most common. Joint (41.6%) and muscle (30...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
James W DeVocht, Dean L Smith, Cynthia R Long, Lance Corber, Bridget Kane, Thomas M Jones, Christine M Goertz
BACKGROUND: Chiropractic care is commonly used to treat musculoskeletal conditions and has been endorsed by clinical practice guidelines as being evidence-based and cost-effective for the treatment of patients with low back pain. Gaps in the literature exist regarding the physiological outcomes of chiropractic treatment. Previous pilot work has indicated the possibility of improvements in response time following the application of chiropractic treatment. However, it is unknown whether or not chiropractic treatment is able to improve reaction and response times in specific populations of interest...
September 20, 2016: Trials
Nicole L Nelson
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a prevalent issue that engenders enormous social and economic burdens. Recently, kinesio taping (KT) has become of interest in the management of chronic pain. Accordingly, this is the first systematic review to explicitly report the effects of KT on CLBP. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to summarize the results of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the effects of KT on CLBP. METHODS: A search was performed on the electronic databases PubMed, MEDLINE, SPORT Discus and Science Direct, up to June 17, 2015, using the following keywords: Kinesiology taping, kinesio taping, chronic low back pain...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Silvano Ferrari, Carla Vanti, Francesco Costa, Maurizio Fornari
PURPOSE: Pain-related self-efficacy is defined as "the beliefs held by people with chronic pain that were able to carry out certain activities, even when experiencing pain", and it is considered a relevant mediator in the relationship between pain and disability in chronic low back pain. This case series describes a treatment aiming to improve pain self-efficacy in patients with symptomatic lumbar spondylolisthesis. METHOD: Ten consecutive outpatients with lumbar spondylolisthesis and chronic LBP referred to a rehabilitative clinic participated in this study...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Martina Bellini, Massimo Barbieri
Low back and leg pain may be due to many causes, one of which is scarring in the epidural space. Epidural scarring may provoke this pain for many reasons: nerves may be trapped by scars, while veins in the epidural space press down upon the nerves and become enlarged, putting pressure on the nerves. Endoscopic and percutaneous epidural adhesiolysis allows one to eliminate the deleterious effects of scar formation, which can both physically prevent the direct application of drugs to nerve and provide relief in patients who have not responded to epidurals, physical therapy or medication...
September 6, 2016: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Christian Elabd, Christopher J Centeno, John R Schultz, Gregory Lutz, Thomas Ichim, Francisco J Silva
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain due to disc degeneration represents a major social and economic burden worldwide. The current standard of care is limited to symptomatic relief and no current approved therapy promotes disc regeneration. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are easily accessible and well characterized. These MSCs are multipotent and exhibit great tissue regenerative potential including bone, cartilage, and fibrous tissue regeneration. The use of this cell-based biologic for treating protruding disc herniation and/or intervertebral disc degeneration is a promising therapeutic strategy, due to their known regenerative, immuno-modulatory and anti-inflammatory properties...
2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
Seth Peterson, Cheri Hodges
BACKGROUND: Lumbar lateral shift (LLS) is a common clinical observation but has rarely been described in a patient with a history of lumbar surgery. The purpose of the current case report was to describe the use of the McKenzie Method of Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT) in the multi-modal treatment of a patient with an LLS and a history of multiple surgical procedures in the lumbar spine, including interspinous process device (IPD) implantation. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 72-year-old female with chronic low back pain (LBP) and a surgical history in the lumbar spine was referred to physical therapy for radiating leg pain and presented with a right LLS...
September 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Aaron J Yang, Rogelio A Coronado, Lilian Hoffecker, Chan Gao, Kelly Saurwein, Danielle Shoreman, Adam S Hoffberg, Venu Akuthota
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the degree to which conservative care and failure was specifically defined in studies comparing non-operative treatment versus surgery for low back pain (LBP) conditions in adults. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive literature search was conducted by an experienced librarian using MEDLINE (PubMed), EMBASE, Google Scholar, and CENTRAL (the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) from January 2003 to June 2014. Endnote bibliographic management application was utilized to remove duplicates and organize the citations...
August 26, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Marina B Pinheiro, Kevin K Ho, Manuela L Ferreira, Kathryn M Refshauge, Ron Grunstein, John L Hopper, Christopher G Maher, Bart W Koes, Juan R Ordoñana, Paulo H Ferreira
Poor sleep quality is highly prevalent in patients with low back pain (LBP) and is associated with high levels of pain, psychological distress, and physical disability. Studies have reported a bidirectional relationship between sleep problems and intensity of LBP. Accordingly, effective management of LBP should address sleep quality. In addition, genetics has been found to significantly affect the prevalence of both LBP and insomnia. Our study aims to establish the feasibility of a trial exploring the efficacy of a web-based sleep quality intervention in people with LBP, with the genetic influences being controlled for...
October 2016: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
John D Childs, Julie M Fritz, Samuel S Wu, Timothy W Flynn, Robert S Wainner, Eric K Robertson, Forest S Kim, Steven Z George
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Lazaros Andronis, Philip Kinghorn, Suyin Qiao, David G T Whitehurst, Susie Durrell, Hugh McLeod
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a major health problem, having a substantial effect on peoples' quality of life and placing a significant economic burden on healthcare systems and, more broadly, societies. Many interventions to alleviate LBP are available but their cost effectiveness is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To identify, document and appraise studies reporting on the cost effectiveness of non-invasive and non-pharmacological treatment options for LBP. METHODS: Relevant studies were identified through systematic searches in bibliographic databases (EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, CINAHL and the National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database), 'similar article' searches and reference list scanning...
August 22, 2016: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
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