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Hypothermia after out of hospital arrest

Guillaume Geri, Guillaume Savary, Stéphane Legriel, Florence Dumas, Sybille Merceron, Olivier Varenne, Bernard Livarek, Olivier Richard, Jean-Paul Mira, Jean-Pierre Bedos, Jean-Philippe Empana, Alain Cariou, David Grimaldi
BACKGROUND: Obesity prevalence has dramatically increased over recent years and is associated with cardiovascular diseases, but data are lacking on its prognostic impact in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. METHODS: Data of all consecutive OHCA patients admitted in two cardiac arrest centers from Paris and suburbs between 2005 and 2012 were prospectively collected. Patients treated by therapeutic hypothermia (TH) were included in the analysis. Logistic and Cox regression analyses were used to quantify the association between Body Mass Index (BMI) at hospital admission and day-30 and 1-year mortality respectively...
October 12, 2016: Resuscitation
Kathleen Meert, Russell Telford, Richard Holubkov, Beth S Slomine, James R Christensen, J Michael Dean, Frank W Moler
OBJECTIVE: To explore the safety and efficacy of targeted temperature management amongst infants with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to an apparent life threatening event (ALTE) recruited to the Therapeutic Hypothermia after Paediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital trial. METHODS: Fifty-four infants (48h to <1year of age) with ALTE who received chest compressions for ≥2min, were comatose, and required mechanical ventilation after return of circulation were included...
October 11, 2016: Resuscitation
Paul S Chan, Robert A Berg, Yuanyuan Tang, Lesley H Curtis, John A Spertus
Importance: Therapeutic hypothermia is used for patients following both out-of-hospital and in-hospital cardiac arrest. However, randomized trials on its efficacy for the in-hospital setting do not exist, and comparative effectiveness data are limited. Objective: To evaluate the association between therapeutic hypothermia and survival after in-hospital cardiac arrest. Design, Setting, and Patients: In this cohort study, within the national Get With the Guidelines-Resuscitation registry, 26 183 patients successfully resuscitated from an in-hospital cardiac arrest between March 1, 2002, and December 31, 2014, and either treated or not treated with hypothermia at 355 US hospitals were identified...
October 4, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Jiří Bonaventura, David Alan, Jiri Vejvoda, Jakub Honek, Josef Veselka
In spite of many years of development and implementation of pre-hospital advanced life support programmes, the survival rate of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) used to be very poor. Neurologic injury from cerebral hypoxia is the most common cause of death in patients with OHCA. In the past two decades, post-resuscitation care has developed many new concepts aimed at improving the neurological outcome and survival rate of patients after cardiac arrest. Systematic post-cardiac arrest care after the return of spontaneous circulation, including induced mild therapeutic hypothermia (TH) in selected patients, is aimed at significantly improving rates of long-term neurologically intact survival...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Kathleen L Meert, Russell Telford, Richard Holubkov, Beth S Slomine, James R Christensen, J Michael Dean, Frank W Moler
OBJECTIVE: To investigate relationships between cardiac arrest characteristics and survival and neurobehavioral outcome among children recruited to the Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital trial. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital trial data. SETTING: Thirty-six PICUs in the United States and Canada. PATIENTS: All children (n = 295) had chest compressions for greater than or equal to 2 minutes, were comatose, and required mechanical ventilation after return of circulation...
September 27, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Chaoran Nie, Jiaxu Dong, Pengjiao Zhang, Xintong Liu, Fei Han
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness and safety of the infusion of ice-cold fluids for prehospital hypothermia in cardiac arrest victims are unclear. This study assessed its effects in adult victims of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHODS: An online search of PubMed and Cochrane Library databases was performed. Cooling methods were limited to ice-cold fluid perfusion. Randomized controlled trials were included in this review. The main outcomes were body temperature at hospital arrival, survival to hospital discharge, neurological recovery, incidence of pulmonary edema, and the rate of rearrest...
September 6, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Karl Sporer, Michael Jacobs, Leo Derevin, Sue Duval, James Pointer
OBJECTIVE: To assess system-wide implementation of specific therapies focused on perfusion during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and cerebral recovery after Return of Spontaneous Circulation (ROSC). METHODS: Before and after retrospective analysis of an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest database. Implementation trial in the urban/suburban community of Alameda County, California, USA, population 1.6 million, from November 2009-December 2012. Adult patients with non-traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) who received CPR and/or defibrillation...
September 14, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Jeong Ho Park, Ki Ok Ahn, Sang Do Shin, Kyoung Jun Song, Young Sun Ro, Joo Yong Kim, Eui Jung Lee, Yu Jin Lee
AIM: To provide therapeutic hypothermia (TH) to survivors after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), inter-hospital transfers (IHT) are frequently required. The safety of IHT remains controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the effect of TH on brain recovery after OHCA differs between IHT and direct arrival groups. METHODS: We identified patients with OHCA of presumed cardiac aetiology who were resuscitated by emergency medical services and experienced return-of-spontaneous circulation in 27 hospitals between January and December 2014...
August 31, 2016: Resuscitation
Nicholas J Johnson, Babette Rosselot, Sarah M Perman, Kalani Dodampahala, Munish Goyal, David F Gaieski, Anne V Grossestreuer
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to determine the association between hemoglobin concentration (Hgb) and neurologic outcome in postarrest patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the Penn Alliance for Therapeutic Hypothermia (PATH) cardiac arrest registry. Inclusion criteria were resuscitated cardiac arrest (inhospital or out of hospital) and an Hgb value recorded within 24 hours of return of spontaneous circulation. The primary outcome was favorable neurologic status at hospital discharge...
July 17, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Faye S Silverstein, Beth S Slomine, James Christensen, Richard Holubkov, Kent Page, J Michael Dean, Frank W Moler
OBJECTIVES: To analyze functional performance measures collected prospectively during the conduct of a clinical trial that enrolled children (up to age 18 yr old), resuscitated after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, who were at high risk of poor outcomes. DESIGN: Children with Glasgow Motor Scale score less than 5, within 6 hours of resuscitation, were enrolled in a clinical trial that compared two targeted temperature management interventions (THAPCA-OH, NCT00878644)...
August 9, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Gustavo Jiménez-Brítez, Xavier Freixa, Eduardo Flores, Diego Penela, Marco Hernandez-Enríquez, Rodolfo San Antonio, Gala Caixal, John Garcia, Mercé Roqué, Victoria Martín, Salvatore Brugaletta, Mónica Masotti, Manel Sabaté
BACKGROUND: Mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH) is associated with an increased risk of both thrombotic and bleeding events. Although little is known about the use of Glycoprotein IIb-IIIa inhibitors (GPi) in this setting, the early action and the intravenous administration of these agents in patients who cannot swallow might potentially translate into clinical benefits in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). AIMS: To assess the incidence of bleeding/thrombotic events in patients with ACS under MTH after an Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) who received GPi or not...
September 2016: Resuscitation
Nicholas J Johnson, Kalani Dodampahala, Babette Rosselot, Sarah M Perman, Mark E Mikkelsen, Munish Goyal, David F Gaieski, Anne V Grossestreuer
A number of observational studies have evaluated the association between arterial oxygen tensions and outcome after cardiac arrest with variable results. The objective of this study is to determine the association between arterial oxygen tension and neurological outcome after cardiac arrest. A retrospective cohort analysis was performed using the Penn Alliance for Therapeutic Hypothermia registry. Adult patients who experienced return of spontaneous circulation after in-hospital or out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and had a partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO2) recorded within 48 hours were included...
July 6, 2016: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
Catarina Ruivo, Célia Jesus, João Morais, Paula Viana
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is recommended for patients with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after cardiac arrest (CA). There is still uncertainty about management, target temperature and duration of TH. In the present study we aim to describe the initial experience of a non-tertiary care center with TH after CA and to determine predictors of mortality. METHODS: During the period 2011-2014, out of 2279 patients hospitalized in the intensive care unit, 82 had a diagnosis of CA with ROSC...
July 2016: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
Frank W Moler, Jamie S Hutchison, Vinay M Nadkarni, Faye S Silverstein, Kathleen L Meert, Richard Holubkov, Kent Page, Beth S Slomine, James R Christensen, J Michael Dean
OBJECTIVE: To describe outcomes and complications in the drowning subgroup from the Therapeutic Hypothermia After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital trial. DESIGN: Exploratory post hoc cohort analysis. SETTING: Twenty-four PICUs. PATIENTS: Pediatric drowning cases. INTERVENTIONS: Therapeutic hypothermia versus therapeutic normothermia. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: An exploratory study of pediatric drowning from the Therapeutic Hypothermia After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital trial was conducted...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
J C Orban, M Novain, F Cattet, R Plattier, M Nefzaoui, H Hyvernat, O Raguin, M Kaidomar, C Ichai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Byung Kook Lee, Won Young Kim, Jonghwan Shin, Joo Suk Oh, Jung Hee Wee, Kyoung Chul Cha, Yooseok Park, Jae Hyung Choi, Kyung Woon Jeung
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the prognostic performance of the gray to white matter ratio (GWR) on brain computed tomography (CT) in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survivors with a noncardiac etiology and compared the prognostic performance of GWR between hypoxic and nonhypoxic etiologies. METHODS: Using a multicenter retrospective registry of adult OHCA patients treated with targeted temperature management, we identified those with a noncardiac etiology who underwent brain CT within 24 hours after restoration of spontaneous circulation...
August 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jessica Wyse, Molly McNett
BACKGROUND: Targeted temperature management (TTM) is a strategy used by critical care nurses to mitigate negative effects of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA); however, integration and compliance of TTM protocols into routine clinical practice can be challenging. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study are to (1) investigate the effects of initial TTM protocol implementation on patient mortality, length of stay, and discharge disposition among patients who experience OHCA and (2) evaluate initial compliance and potential barriers to newly implemented TTM protocol...
July 2016: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
Atsushi Sakurai, Kosaku Kinoshita, Tomohide Komatsu, Junko Yamaguchi, Atsunori Sugita, Shingo Ihara
Outcome for patients experiencing out-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) due to respiratory causes is poor, even with treatment by therapeutic hypothermia (TH). The purpose of this study is to clarify difference in outcome and respiratory state during resuscitation between cases due to respiratory causes versus those due to cardiac causes, to establish alternative strategies for the patient. This study was conducted as a retrospective analysis of patients with post CA syndrome who underwent TH. Patients were divided into two groups according to cause of CA: cardiac (C group) or respiratory (R group)...
August 2016: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
Jean-François Llitjos, Georgios Sideris, Sebastian Voicu, Claire Bal Dit Sollier, Nicolas Deye, Bruno Megarbane, Ludovic Drouet, Patrick Henry, Jean-Guillaume Dillinger
AIM OF THE STUDY: Acute coronary syndrome is one of the main causes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). OHCA patients are particularly exposed to high platelet reactivity (HPR) under aspirin (ASA) treatment. The aim was to evaluate HPR-ASA in therapeutic hypothermia comatose patients resuscitated from OHCA. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-two consecutive patients with OHCA of cardiac origin were prospectively included after therapeutic hypothermia and randomized to receive ASA 100mg per day, either intravenously (n=13) or orally via a gastric tube (n=9)...
August 2016: Resuscitation
Ikwan Chang, Young Ho Kwak, Sang Do Shin, Young Sun Ro, Eui Jung Lee, Ki Ok Ahn, Do Kyun Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyse the association between mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH) and outcomes in paediatric patients who survived out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) by using their initial electrocardiogram (ECG) rhythm, which is the key factor used to predict prognosis in paediatric OHCA. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study utilised the registry of paediatric OHCA patients who survived to admission from 2008 to 2014 in the national OHCA database...
August 2016: Resuscitation
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